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Osteoarthritis and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351756/disability-due-to-knee-pain-and-somatising-tendency-in-japanese-adults
#1
Tomoko Fujii, Hiroyuki Oka, Junji Katsuhira, Juichi Tonosu, Satoshi Kasahara, Sakae Tanaka, Ko Matsudaira
BACKGROUND: Knee pain is common and related to knee osteoarthritis. However, there is a discrepancy between knee pain and radiographic osteoarthritis. In the general population, knee pain is associated with psychological and cognitive factors, which would be one explanation for the discrepancy. Limited evidence demonstrates that somatization is associated with knee pain. This study examined the association between disability due to knee pain and a high somatising tendency. METHODS: Japanese adults (aged 20-64 years) who had experienced knee pain in the past four weeks were included in this study (n = 14,695, 50% women)...
January 19, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347947/efficacy-of-pre-operative-quadriceps-strength-training-on-knee-extensor-strength-before-and-shortly-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-protocol-for-a-randomized-dose-response-trial-the-quadx-1-trial
#2
Rasmus Skov Husted, Anders Troelsen, Kristian Thorborg, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Henrik Husted, Thomas Bandholm
BACKGROUND: Patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) report knee pain, limitation in physical activities and low quality of life. The two primary treatments for knee OA are non-surgical treatment (e.g., exercise) and surgery (total knee arthroplasty (TKA)); however, national guidelines recommend non-surgical treatment to be tried prior to surgical procedures. Patients with knee OA are characterized by decreased muscle strength, particularly in the knee-extensor muscles. Correspondingly, decreased knee-extensor strength is found to be associated with an increased risk of development, progression and severity of knee OA symptoms...
January 18, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332761/exercise-on-balance-and-function-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Roberta de Matos Brunelli Braghin, Elisa Cavalheiro Libardi, Carina Junqueira, Marcello Henrique Nogueira-Barbosa, Daniela Cristina Carvalho de Abreu
OBJECTIVES: To assess balance and function of symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects with knee osteoarthritis (OA) and investigate the influence of physical exercise. DESIGN: Subjects were divided into three groups: Group 1 (n = 15), symptomatic knee OA; Group 2 (n = 11), asymptomatic knee OA; and Group 3 (n = 16), knee OA and no intervention. History of falls, the WOMAC questionnaire, balance and functionality were assessed. RESULTS: After intervention, there was a significant difference in the total WOMAC score and in the pain and function domains only in Group 1...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330103/osteoarthritis-year-in-review-2017-rehabilitation-and-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Dieuwke Schiphof, Jacoline J van den Driest, Jos Runhaar
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe studies examining rehabilitation for people with osteoarthritis (OA) and to summarize findings from selected key systematic reviews (SRs) and randomized controlled trials (RCTs). DESIGN: A systematic search was performed using Pubmed, Embase and Cochrane databases from April 1st 2016 to May 15th 2017 using the terms 'osteoarthritis', 'randomized controlled trial', and 'systematic review'. Inclusion criteria were: clinically or radiologically diagnosed patients with osteoarthritis, rehabilitation treatment, RCT or SRs...
January 9, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326901/short-term-effects-of-theracurmin-dose-and-exercise-type-on-pain-walking-ability-and-muscle-function-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
Yun-A Shin, Min-Hwa Suk, Hee-Seung Jang, Hye-Jung Choi
The purpose of this study was to investigate the short-term of Theracurmin dose and exercise type on pain, walking ability, and muscle function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Twenty-five patients with knee osteoarthritis randomly selected to Theracurmin intake (T) group and Theracurmin in combined with exercise (T+E) group. T group (n= 13) was taken orally a capsule of 700 mg, 3 times per day, (total 2,100 mg, 35 mg/kg-body weight). T+E group (n= 12) performed aerobic training of 30-min walking and weight training for increasing leg muscular strength...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326092/usage-of-an-exercise-app-in-the-care-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-user-driven-exploratory-study
#6
Dorthe Boe Danbjørg, Allan Villadsen, Ester Gill, Mette Juel Rothmann, Jane Clemensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise has proven to reduce pain and increase quality of life among people living with osteoarthritis (OA). However, one major challenge is adherence to exercise once supervision ends. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify mental and physical barriers and motivational and social aspects of training at home, and to test or further develop an exercise app. METHODS: The study was inspired from participatory design, engaging users in the research process...
January 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325839/the-effect-of-low-load-exercise-on-joint-pain-function-and-activities-of-daily-living-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
Jason Peeler, Jacquie Ripat
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis has a lifetime risk of nearly one in two, with obese individuals being most susceptible. While exercise is universally recognized as a critical component for management, unsafe or ineffective exercise frequently leads to exacerbation of joint symptoms. AIM: Evaluate the effect of a 12week lower body positive pressure (LBPP) supported low-load treadmill walking program on knee pain, joint function, and performance of daily activities in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA)...
January 8, 2018: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317069/blood-flow-restriction-training-as-a-prehabilitation-concept-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-narrative-review-about-current-preoperative-interventions-and-the-potential-impact-of-bfr
#9
Alexander Franz, Fina Pauline Queitsch, Michael Behringer, Constantin Mayer, Rüdiger Krauspe, Christoph Zilkens
Osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the most commonly diagnosed joint ailments and responsible for increased rates of total knee arthroplasty surgeries worldwide. Whereas the surgical approach is able to diminish the perceived knee pain of concerned patients', the postoperative recovery is often accompanied by persistent skeletal muscle dysfunctions and atrophy, which is responsible for functional deficits for up to several years. Recent findings indicate that surgery induced adverse effects on skeletal muscles are largely associated with the use of pneumatic tourniquets, wherefore several studies try to reduce tourniquet use in orthopedic surgery...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308949/a-comparison-of-two-manual-physical-therapy-approaches-and-electrotherapy-modalities-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-three-arm-clinical-trial
#10
Ebru Kaya Mutlu, Ersin Ercin, Arzu Razak Ozdıncler, Nadir Ones
A broad spectrum of physical therapy exercise programs provides symptom relief and functional benefit for patients with knee OA. Manual physical therapy, including tailored exercise programs provide relatively higher level benefit that persists to one year. It is currently unknown if there are important differences in the effects of different manual physical therapy techniques for patients with knee OA and there are virtually no studies comparing manual physical therapy and electrotherapy modalities. The aim of the study was to compare long-term results between three treatment groups (mobilization with movements [MWMs], passive joint mobilization [PJM], and electrotherapy) to determine which treatment is most effective in patients with knee OA...
January 8, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307722/physical-therapy-vs-internet-based-exercise-training-for-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Kelli D Allen, Liubov Arbeeva, Leigh F Callahan, Yvonne M Golightly, Adam P Goode, Bryan C Heiderscheit, Kim M Huffman, Herbert H Severson, Todd A Schwartz
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of physical therapy (PT, evidence-based approach) and internet-based exercise training (IBET), each versus a wait list (WL) control, among individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial of 350 participants with symptomatic knee OA, allocated to standard PT, IBET and WL control in a 2:2:1 ratio, respectively. The PT group received up to 8 individual visits within 4 months. The IBET program provided tailored exercises, video demonstrations, and guidance on progression...
January 4, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307256/patients-views-toward-knee-osteoarthritis-exercise-therapy-and-factors-influencing-adherence-a-survey-in-china
#12
Zhiwei Zhou, Yunfei Hou, Jianhao Lin, Kai Wang, Qiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To understand the views toward exercise therapy for knee osteoarthritis (KOA) in China and to analyze factors affecting treatment adherence. METHODS: A survey-based study, which included multiple choice and open-ended questions on knee OA exercise therapy was conducted in a Chinese population. The content included the respondents' attitudes and beliefs, willingness to receive treatment, and reasons why they could or could not adhere to the treatment. We used Chi-squared tests to compare cognitive differences between the patients and non-patient groups...
January 8, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300722/health-care-provider-counseling-for-physical-activity-or-exercise-among-adults-with-arthritis-united-states-2002-and-2014
#13
Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, John D Omura, Teresa J Brady, Michael Boring, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick
Arthritis affects an estimated 54 million U.S. adults and, as a common comorbidity, can contribute arthritis-specific limitations or barriers to physical activity or exercise for persons with diabetes, heart disease, and obesity (1). The American College of Rheumatology's osteoarthritis management guidelines recommend exercise as a first-line, nonpharmacologic strategy to manage arthritis symptoms (2), and a Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase health care provider counseling for physical activity or exercise among adults with arthritis...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289942/patterns-of-routine-primary-care-for-osteoarthritis-in-the-uk-a-cross-sectional-electronic-health-records-study
#14
Holly Jackson, Lauren A Barnett, Kelvin P Jordan, Krysia S Dziedzic, Elizabeth Cottrell, Andrew G Finney, Zoe Paskins, John J Edwards
OBJECTIVE: To determine common patterns of recorded primary care for osteoarthritis (OA), and patient and provider characteristics associated with the quality of recorded care. DESIGN: An observational study nested within a cluster-randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Eight UK general practices who were part of the Management of Osteoarthritis in Consultations study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients recorded as consulting within the eight general practices for clinical OA...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287785/evaluation-of-muscle-activity-just-after-straight-leg-raising-exercise-by-using-18fdg-pet
#15
Hiroyuki Shiozawa, Takashi Ohsawa, Yoshito Tsushima, Tetsuya Higuchi, Kenji Takagishi, Hirotaka Chikuda
BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy is one of the recognized treatment methods for knee osteoarthritis (KOA). One such exercise technique, straight leg raising (SLR), is widely known as a home exercise method for strengthening the quadriceps femoris muscle. However, whether this exercise truly strengthens the quadriceps is not known. The objective of the present study was to investigate which lower limb muscle is stimulated and shows increased activity with SLR. METHODS: A total of 14 lower limbs in seven healthy adult male volunteers (mean age: 31...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282267/stepped-care-approach-for-medial-tibiofemoral-osteoarthritis-streamline-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Sarah Rubia Robbins, Luciano Ricardo S Melo, Hema Urban, Leticia A Deveza, Rebecca Asher, Victoria L Johnson, David J Hunter
INTRODUCTION: Current guidelines recommend tailored interventions to optimise knee osteoarthritis (OA) management. However, models of care still have a 'one size fits all' approach, which is suboptimal as it ignores patient heterogeneity. This study aims to compare a stepped care strategy with standard care for overweight and obese persons with medial tibiofemoral OA. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Participants will be randomised into two groups (85 each). The intervention will receive a diet and exercise programme for 18 weeks in the first step of the study...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282257/barriers-and-facilitators-of-physical-activity-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#17
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Nikolaos Efstathiou, Asma Alrushud, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
Physical activity (PA), including engagement in structured exercise, has a key role in the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, maintaining a physically active lifestyle is a challenge for people with OA. PA determinants in this population need to be understood better so that they can be optimised by public health or healthcare interventions and social policy changes. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study is to conduct a systematic review of the existing qualitative evidence on barriers and facilitators of PA for patients with hip or knee OA...
December 26, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282054/educational-program-promoting-regular-physical-exercise-improves-functional-capacity-and-daily-living-physical-activity-in-subjects-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#18
José Messias Rodrigues da Silva, Márcia Uchoa de Rezende, Tânia Carvalho Spada, Lucila da Silva Francisco, Fabiane Elize Sabine de Farias, Cleidnéia Aparecida Clemente da Silva, Claudia Helena de Azevedo Cernigoy, Júlia Maria D'Andréa Greve, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac
BACKGROUND: Physical exercise and educational programs promote several benefits for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). However, little is known about the effects of educational programs promoting the regular practice of physical exercise. The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of an interdisciplinary educational program, emphasizing the recommendation for regular practice of physical exercise, on functional capacity and daily living physical activity in individuals with knee OA...
December 27, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279837/effects-of-taping-on-pain-and-functional-outcome-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-randomized-single-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Parisa Taheri, Babak Vahdatpour, Mahboobeh Mashayekhi Asl, Hadis Ramezanian
Background: To determine the effects of knee taping in combination with exercise and medical treatment on functional outcome and pain of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Materials and Methods: In a randomized single-blinded clinical trial, 36 patients with knee OA were randomly assigned to two study groups. Both groups received exercise and medical therapy for 6 weeks. In addition, the first group (20 patients) received taping in the first 3 weeks. Pain severity (assessed by visual analog scaling), weekly amount of analgesics consumption, timed get up and go test (TUG), and step tests were recorded at baseline, 3 and 6 weeks after the treatment and were further compared between two study groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275348/subgrouping-and-targeted-exercise-programmes-for-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-steer-oa-a-systematic-review-update-and-individual-participant-data-meta-analysis-protocol
#20
Melanie A Holden, Danielle L Burke, Jos Runhaar, Danielle van Der Windt, Richard D Riley, Krysia Dziedzic, Amardeep Legha, Amy L Evans, J Haxby Abbott, Kristin Baker, Jenny Brown, Kim L Bennell, Daniël Bossen, Lucie Brosseau, Kanda Chaipinyo, Robin Christensen, Tom Cochrane, Mariette de Rooij, Michael Doherty, Helen P French, Sheila Hickson, Rana S Hinman, Marijke Hopman-Rock, Michael V Hurley, Carol Ingram, Jesper Knoop, Inga Krauss, Chris McCarthy, Stephen P Messier, Donald L Patrick, Nilay Sahin, Laura A Talbot, Robert Taylor, Carolien H Teirlinck, Marienke van Middelkoop, Christine Walker, Nadine E Foster
INTRODUCTION: Knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability worldwide. Therapeutic exercise is a recommended core treatment for people with knee and hip OA, however, the observed effect sizes for reducing pain and improving physical function are small to moderate. This may be due to insufficient targeting of exercise to subgroups of people who are most likely to respond and/or suboptimal content of exercise programmes. This study aims to identify: (1) subgroups of people with knee and hip OA that do/do not respond to therapeutic exercise and to different types of exercise and (2) mediators of the effect of therapeutic exercise for reducing pain and improving physical function...
December 22, 2017: BMJ Open
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