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Osteoarthritis and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808631/painless-swollen-calf-muscles-of-a-75-year-old-patient-caused-by-bilateral-venous-malformations
#1
Roderick S M Piekaar, Eline W Zwitser, Paul P A Hedeman Joosten, Joris A Jansen
A 75-year-old man presented with knee pain due to medial osteoarthritis of the knee in the orthopedic outpatient clinic. Conservative treatment was started with steroid infiltration. Besides his knee complaint reported a bilateral painless swollen calf muscle without traumatic cause, and also without any pain at night, fever or medical illness. On physical examination the soleus muscle had a swollen aspect in both calfs. The skin appeared normal without deformities and the arterial pulsations were intact. An X-ray did not show abnormalities in the tibia...
July 18, 2017: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805094/how-balance-task-specific-training-contributes-to-improving-physical-function-in-older-subjects-undergoing-rehabilitation-following-hip-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Marco Monticone, Emilia Ambrosini, Roberto Brunati, Antonio Capone, Giulia Pagliari, Claudio Secci, Giovanni Zatti, Simona Ferrante
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a rehabilitation programme including balance task-specific training in improving physical function, pain, activities of daily living (ADL), balance and quality of life in subjects after a hip fracture. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: A total of 52 older subjects selected for internal fixation due to extra-capsular hip fracture were randomized to be included in an experimental ( n = 26) and control group ( n = 26)...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802215/predictors-of-self-reported-knee-osteoarthritis-in-community-dwelling-older-women-in-japan-a-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-cohort-study
#3
Narumi Kojima, Miji Kim, Kyoko Saito, Yuko Yoshida, Hirohiko Hirano, Shuichi Obuchi, Hiroyuki Shimada, Takao Suzuki, Hunkyung Kim
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the predictors of knee osteoarthritis in community-dwelling elderly Japanese women. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, The Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology collected baseline data in 2008 and follow-up data in 2012 for participants from the Itabashi Ward of Tokyo, Japan. Participants were asked at each time point if they had been diagnosed with knee osteoarthritis. The baseline evaluation was conducted with 1289 community-dwelling women aged 75-85 years, of which 992 reported no history of knee osteoarthritis...
July 30, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800713/application-of-high-speed-dual-fluoroscopy-to-study-in-vivo-tibiotalar-and-subtalar-kinematics-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-and-asymptomatic-control-subjects-during-dynamic-activities
#4
Koren E Roach, K Bo Foreman, Alexej Barg, Charles L Saltzman, Andrew E Anderson
BACKGROUND: Abnormal angular and translational (ie, kinematic) motion at the tibiotalar and subtalar joints is believed to cause osteoarthritis in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). METHODS: In this preliminary study the investigators quantified and compared in vivo tibiotalar and subtalar kinematics in 4 patients with CAI (3 women) and 10 control subjects (5 men) using dual fluoroscopy during a balanced, single-leg heel-rise and treadmill walking at 0...
August 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799492/potentials-and-limits-of-physiotherapy-in-osteoarthritis
#5
Katrin Richter, Ulf Müller-Ladner, Gabnel Dischereit, Uwe Lange
In view of the already existing and the expected growing costs due to the pathological osteoarthritic joint alterations and the related consequences, preventive and conservative strategies which can avoid or delay osteoarthritic joint alterations are welcomed from a socio-economical perspective. Here, it should be mentioned that corresponding primary prevention measures should take place early by already educating children about a healthy diet and motivating them to regular physical exercise. In overt or symptomatic osteoarthritis a good joint function and reduction of disease-related pain as well as a delay in the progression of osteoarthritis should be the primary goals of non-surgical therapeutic approaches...
August 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799491/exercise-programmes-for-osteoarthritis-with-different-localization
#6
Sevdalina Lambova
Therapeutic exercises in osteoarthritis (OA) are therapeutic approach with proven efficacy. On the other hand, the different disease form, the lack of established consensus and system for patient education limit the widespread use of therapeutic exercises in clinical practice. The mechanisms of action of therapeutic exercise in OA include the following components e. g., neuromuscular (improvement of proprioception, muscle strength and joint stability), intra-articular (prevention of cartilage degeneration, antiinflammatory effect, improvement of the quality of the joint fluid), periarticular, general health with reduction of cardiovascular risk and psychological components...
August 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795210/-arthrodesis-of-the-trapeziometacarpal-joint
#7
REVIEW
T Pillukat, M Mühldorfer-Fodor, R Fuhrmann, J Windolf, J van Schoonhoven
OBJECTIVE: Bony fusion of the trapeziometacarpal joint. INDICATIONS: High demands concerning stability and strength of the thumb in primary or secondary osteoarthritis (e.g., posttraumatic osteoarthritis following injuries to the carpometacarpal joint of the thumb); instability in the absence of osteoarthritis due to malformations, ligamentous laxicity, and joint hypermobility; malformations; improvement of hand function in neurological disorders; salvage procedure after carpometacarpal arthroplasty provided bone stock is sufficient...
August 9, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776408/long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study-of-low-level-laser-therapy-before-exercises-in-knee-osteoarthritis-laser-and-exercises-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#8
Patrícia Pereira Alfredo, Jan Magnus Bjordal, Washington Steagall Junior, Rodrigo Álvaro Brandão Lopes Martins, Martin B Stausholm, Raquel Aparecida Casarotto, Amélia Pasqual Marques, Jon Joensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term effects of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), in combination with strengthening exercises in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Follow-up results at three and six months in a previously published randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: Specialist Rehabilitation Services. SUBJECTS: Forty participants of both genders, aged 50-75 years with knee osteoarthritis grade 2-4 on Kellgren-Lawrence scale...
August 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760608/effects-of-an-over-ground-exoskeleton-on-external-knee-moments-during-stance-phase-of-gait-in-healthy-adults
#9
Chris A McGibbon, Scott C E Brandon, Marcus Brookshaw, Andrew Sexton
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and exercise is central to conservative management of knee osteoarthritis (KOA), but is often difficult for patients with KOA to maintain over the decade or more prior to surgical management. Better approaches are needed for maintaining physical function and health in this population that can also address the patho-biomechanics of the osteoarthritic knee. The objective of the study is to quantify how a lower-extremity robotic exoskeleton (dermoskeleton) modifies the external knee moments during over-ground walking in a sample of healthy adults, and to evaluate these biomechanical modifications in the context of the osteoarthritic knee...
July 28, 2017: Knee
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756278/effects-of-dietary-weight-loss-with-and-without-exercise-on-interstitial-matrix-turnover-and-tissue-inflammation-biomarkers-in-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-intensive-diet-and-exercise-for-arthritis-trial-idea
#10
R F Loeser, D P Beavers, A C Bay-Jensen, M A Karsdal, B J Nicklas, A Guermazi, D J Hunter, S P Messier
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of dietary weight loss, with and without exercise, on selected soluble biomarkers in overweight and obese older adults with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Blood samples were analyzed from 429 participants in the Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial randomized to either an 18 month exercise control group (E), weight loss diet (D), or D + E. C1M, C2M, C3M and CRPM biomarkers and interleukin-6 (IL-6) were quantitated using ELISAs...
July 27, 2017: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754502/the-impact-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-on-mortality-comparison-with-internal-diseases-a-15-year-longitudinal-study
#11
Takehiro Kasai, Yukiharu Hasegawa, Shiro Imagama, Tadahiro Sakai, Kenji Wakai, Koji Suzuki, Naoki Ishiguro
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with an increased incidence of diabetes (DM), hypertension (HT), hyperlipidemia (HL), as well as musculoskeletal disorders, such as osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP). However, the impact of musculoskeletal disorders on mortality remains unclear. This study investigated the risk of mortality if having knee OA or OP. METHODS: 601 participants (mean age 67.8 ± 5.3 years) who underwent musculoskeletal check-ups in Yakumo town were enrolled in this study, 248 were males and 353 were females...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754420/identifying-changes-in-gait-waveforms-following-a-strengthening-intervention-for-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis-using-principal-components-analysis
#12
Elora C Brenneman, Monica R Maly
Lower limb strengthening exercise is pivotal for the management of symptoms related to knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though improvement in clinical symptoms is well documented, concurrent changes in gait biomechanics are ill-defined. This may occur because discrete analyses miss changes following an intervention, analyses limited to the knee undermine potential mechanical trade-offs at other joints, or strengthening interventions not been designed based on biomechanical principles. The purpose of this study was to characterize differences in entire gait waveforms for sagittal plane ankle, knee, and hip angles and external moments; the knee adduction moment; and frontal plane hip angle and moment following 12-weeks of a previously designed novel lower limb strengthening program...
July 11, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750970/the-effect-of-tai-chi-exercises-on-postural-stability-and-control-in-older-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
Elham Ghandali, Saeed Talebian Moghadam, Mohammad Reza Hadian, Gholamreza Olyaei, Shohreh Jalaie, Elaheh Sajjadi
A few studies have examined the effect of Tai Chi on balance in elder patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this study was to determine the balance measures in elder patients with knee OA after Tai Chi exercises. For this purpose 14 females and 6 males with knee OA were chosen. Area and mean velocity of the center of pressure movements (CoP) were measured by force plate in standing positions (on foam and rigid surfaces). The measurements of area and mean velocity of CoP were performed before and after 60 min of Tai Chi sessions (twice a week for 8 weeks)...
July 2017: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750790/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-mesotherapy-in-the-management-of-osteoarthritis-related-pain-in-a-police-working-dog-using-the-canine-brief-pain-inventory
#14
REVIEW
João Carlos Alves, Ana Margarida Santos
CASE DESCRIPTON: A 9-year-old, 33.4kg (73.63Lb) male entire drug detection Labrador Retriever Dog was presented with an history of constant lameness from the right thoracic limb, aggravated with exercise and work. CLINICAL FIDINGS: Clinical examination revealed mild signs of pain on the manipulation of the elbow joint, with reduced range of motion on the end feel of joint flexion and extension and crepitation. Radiographic examination of the right elbow joint revealed severe, chronic osteoarthritis, with osteophyte formation on the humeral epicondyles and articular margin of the distomedial humerus, with a narrowed joint space, and osteophytes on the proximal radius, proximomedial ulna, and anconeal process...
March 2017: Topics in Companion Animal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744048/effects-of-kinesio-taping-to-the-quadriceps-femoris-muscles-on-functions-of-elderly-women
#15
Eun Ja Kim, Kyoung Bo Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of kinesio taping to the quadriceps femoris on functions of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 22 elderly women with osteoarthritis, who were divided into two groups of a general exercise group 12 elderly and a kinesiology taping group 12 elderly. Two groups underwent a 30-min exercise for strengthening the lower limb muscles three times per week for four weeks. After the exercise, the kinesiology taping group was treated by the kinesio taping...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743830/role-of-melatonin-combined-with-exercise-as-a-switch-like-regulator-for-circadian-behavior-in-advanced-osteoarthritic-knee
#16
Yunkyung Hong, Hyunsoo Kim, Seunghoon Lee, Yunho Jin, Jeonghyun Choi, Sang-Rae Lee, Kyu-Tae Chang, Yonggeun Hong
Here, we show the role of melatonin combined with or without exercise as a determinant of multicellular behavior in osteoarthritis. We address the relationship between the molecular components governing local circadian clock and changes in the osteoarthritic musculoskeletal axis. Melatonin was injected subcutaneously in animals with advanced knee osteoarthritis (OA) for 4 weeks. Concurrently, moderate treadmill exercise was applied for 30 min/day. Morphometric, histological, and gene/protein-level analyses were performed in the cartilage, synovium, bone, and gastrocnemius muscle...
July 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735822/conservative-management-of-a-traumatic-meniscal-injury-utilising-osteopathy-and-exercise-rehabilitation-a-case-report
#17
Jack Feehan, Chris Macfarlane, Brett Vaughan
Meniscal injury is one of the most common knee soft tissue injuries, commonly affecting young athletes and an older, degenerative population. Treatment largely depends on the type and extent of the injury with arthroscopic repair or meniscectomy being mainstays. Although non-surgical approaches have been described, there is no published literature regarding a combination of indirect osteopathic techniques and rehabilitation in the management of these injuries. The current case report follows a 20-year-old male presenting with a 5-day history of acute knee pain, following trauma during an Australian Rules Football (AFL) match...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733093/hydrotherapy-improves-pain-and-function-in-older-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
João Marcos Dias, Lígia Cisneros, Rosângela Dias, Carolina Fritsch, Wellington Gomes, Leani Pereira, Mary Luci Santos, Paulo Henrique Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Currently, there is poor evidence of the effect of hydrotherapy alone on patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to assess the impact of hydrotherapy on pain, function, and muscle function in older women with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of hydrotherapy in women with knee osteoarthritis. Seventy-three women aged 65 and older were randomized to hydrotherapy (n=36) or a control group (n=37)...
July 5, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724854/improvement-of-pulmonary-function-after-comprehensive-obesity-rehabilitation-program-in-obese-patients
#19
Tamao Takahashi, Satoru Ebihara, Masahiro Kohzuki
Obesity is a major risk factor of cardiovascular, osteoarthritis, metabolic and pulmonary disorders, and exercise is an efficient method for treating obesity. However, obese patients often complain of dyspnea on exertion, which makes it difficult to continue exercise program. Obesity is also known to have an adverse effect on pulmonary function. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a comprehensive obesity rehabilitation (COR) program on pulmonary function in Japanese patients with morbid obesity...
July 2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714343/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-combined-self-management-and-exercise-intervention-for-elderly-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-the-ple-2-no-program
#20
Priscila Marconcin, Margarida Espanha, Júlia Teles, Paulo Bento, Pedro Campos, Rui André, Flávia Yázigi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a 12-week self-management and exercise intervention (the PLE(2)NO program) in elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Four different community settings. SUBJECTS: Eighty individuals aged 60 years or older with clinical and radiographic knee osteoarthritis enrolled in the study. INTERVENTION: A combined self-management and exercise intervention (treatment group) and an educational intervention (control group)...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
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