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Osteoarthritis and exercise

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914601/effects-of-aquatic-exercise-on-muscle-strength-and-functional-performance-of-individuals-with-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review
#1
Fernanda de Mattos, Neiva Leite, Arthur Pitta, Paulo Cesar Barauce Bento
Water-based exercises are recommended for people with osteoarthritis (OA), due to the beneficial effects on physical function, quality of life and symptom reduction. However, the effects on muscle strength are still controversial. The aim of this review was to assess and compare the effects of aquatic exercise programs on muscle strength and physical function in people with OA. A systematic search was performed at Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases. Clinical trials with interventions involving aquatic exercises for individuals with OA were included...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913870/managing-knee-osteoarthritis-with-yoga-or-aerobic-strengthening-exercise-programs-in-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Corjena Cheung, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Teresa McCarthy, Kyle Rudser, Michelle A Mathiason
Although exercise is often recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA), limited evidence-based exercise options are available for older adults with OA. This study compared the effects of Hatha yoga (HY) and aerobic/strengthening exercises (ASE) on knee OA. Randomized controlled trial with three arms design was used: HY, ASE, and education control. Both HY and ASE groups involved 8 weekly 45-min group classes with 2-4 days/week home practice sessions. Control group received OA education brochures and weekly phone calls from study staff...
December 2, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909359/oa-go-away-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-self-management-tool-to-promote-adherence-to-exercise-and-physical-activity-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-or-knee
#3
Gail Paterson, Karine Toupin April, Catherine Backman, Peter Tugwell
Purpose: To determine the face and content validity, construct validity, and test-retest reliability of the OA Go Away (OGA), a personalized self-management tool to promote adherence to exercise and physical activity for people with osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip or knee. Methods: The face and content validity of OGA version 1.0 were determined via interviews with 10 people with OA of the hip or knee and 10 clinicians. A revised OGA version 2.0 was then tested for construct validity and test-retest reliability with a new sample of 50 people with OA of the hip or knee by comparing key items in the OGA journal with validated outcome measures assessing similar health outcomes and comparing scores on key items of the journal 4-7 days apart...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900515/community-based-healthy-aging-interventions-for-older-adults-with-arthritis-and-multimorbidity
#4
Janice C Zgibor, Lei Ye, Robert M Boudreau, Molly B Conroy, Joni Vander Bilt, Elizabeth A Rodgers, Elizabeth A Schlenk, Mini E Jacob, Jane Brandenstein, Steven M Albert, Anne B Newman
Examine the impact of programs led by community health workers on health and function in older adults with arthritis and other health conditions. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial of the Arthritis Foundation Exercise Program (AFEP) enhanced with the "10 Keys"™ to Healthy Aging compared with the AFEP program at 54 sites in 462 participants (mean age 73 years, 88 % women, 80 % white). Trained Community health workers delivered the 10-week programs. Outcomes assessed after 6 months included physical performance [Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB)], Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) Osteoarthritis Index, and preventive health behaviors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900196/muscle-function-is-associated-with-future-patient-reported-outcomes-in-young-adults-with-acl-injury
#5
Vala Flosadottir, Ewa M Roos, Eva Ageberg
BACKGROUND/AIM: Consequences of an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury include worse patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and a decrease in activity level. Muscle function can be improved by targeted exercise. Our aims were to investigate cross-sectional and longitudinal associations among lower extremity muscle function and PROs after ACL injury. METHODS: Fifty-four participants (15 women, mean 30 years) with ACL injury or reconstruction, from the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559), were assessed with hop performance, muscle power and postural orientation 3 years (SD 0...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900190/prospective-12-month-functional-and-vocational-outcomes-of-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-as-part-of-an-evidence-based-hip-pain-rehabilitation-pathway-in-an-active-military-population
#6
A N Bennett, J Nixon, A Roberts, R Barker-Davies, R Villar, J M Houghton
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is common with an estimated prevalence of 10-15% among young active individuals. The natural history of the disorder is progression to early osteoarthritis. Hip arthroscopy is recommended if conservative treatments fail; however, outcomes are unclear, particularly in highly active populations. AIM: To evaluate the functional and vocational outcome of hip arthroscopy, as part of an evidence-based rehabilitation hip pain pathway, for the treatment of FAI in an active military population...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868384/post-acute-rehabilitation-after-total-knee-replacement-a-multicentre-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-long-term-outcomes
#7
Marlene Fransen, Lillias Nairn, Lisa Bridgett, Jack Crosbie, Lyn March, David Parker Mbbs, Ross Crawford, Alison R Harmer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term benefit of providing a post-acute outpatient group exercise program for patients following primary total knee replacement (TKR) surgery for osteoarthritis. METHODS: A multicenter randomized clinical trial conducted in 12 Australian public and private hospital centers. A total of 422 participants, aged 45 to 75 years, were randomly allocated prior to hospital discharge to the post-acute group exercise program or usual care and were assessed six weeks, six months and 12 months after surgery...
November 21, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852532/are-physiotherapists-adhering-to-quality-indicators-for-the-management-of-knee-osteoarthritis-an-observational-study
#8
David Spitaels, Rosella Hermens, Dieter Van Assche, Sabine Verschueren, Frank Luyten, Patrik Vankrunkelsven
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common musculoskeletal condition that often leads to pain, stiffness and disability. Physiotherapy plays an important role in the management of knee OA, however we hypothesize discordance between physiotherapists' practice and existing guideline recommendations. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure physiotherapists' guideline adherence for knee OA. Additionally, determinants for guideline adherence at the professional and organizational level were explored, to find clues for improvement...
October 26, 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843365/a-systematic-review-to-evaluate-exercise-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-does-this-approach-reduce-the-incidence-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#9
REVIEW
Koji J Duncan, Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Monica R Maly
PURPOSE: Among a variety of conservative and surgical options to treat anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries, we do not understand which options could potentially prevent knee osteoarthritis (OA). The aim of this systematic review was to examine the evidence pertaining to exercise treatment of ACL injuries in the context of knee OA. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PubMed, and PEDro (Physiotherapy Evidence Database) databases were systematically searched using keywords encompassed within four primary key terms: knee, osteoarthritis, anterior cruciate ligament, and exercise...
2016: Open Access Rheumatology: Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842579/does-occupational-therapy-reduce-the-need-for-surgery-in-carpometacarpal-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Ingvild Kjeken, Ruth Else Mehl Eide, Åse Klokkeide, Karin Hoegh Matre, Monika Olsen, Petter Mowinckel, Øyvor Andreassen, Siri Darre, Randi Nossum
BACKGROUND: In the absence of disease-modifying interventions for hand osteoarthritis (OA), occupational therapy (OT) comprising patient education, hand exercises, assistive devices and orthoses are considered as core treatments, whereas surgery are recommended for those with severe carpometacarpal (CMC1) OA. However, even though CMC1 surgery may reduce pain and improve function, the risk of adverse effects is high, and randomized controlled trials comparing surgery with non-surgical interventions are warranted...
November 15, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836677/the-effect-of-instruction-in-analgesic-use-compared-with-neuromuscular-exercise-on-knee-joint-load-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#11
A Holsgaard-Larsen, B Clausen, J Søndergaard, R Christensen, T P Andriacchi, E M Roos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a neuro-muscular exercise (NEMEX) therapy program compared with instructions in optimized analgesics and anti-inflammatory drug use (PHARMA), on measures of knee-joint load in people with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA). We hypothesized that knee joint loading during walking would be reduced by NEMEX and potentially increased by PHARMA. DESIGN: Single-blind, RCT comparing NEMEX therapy twice a week with PHARMA. Participants with mild-to-moderate medial tibiofemoral knee OA were randomly allocated (1:1) to one of two 8-week treatments...
November 9, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834612/the-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-improving-voluntary-activation-of-the-quadriceps-a-critically-appraised-topic
#12
Cody B Bremner, William R Holcomb, Christopher D Brown, Melanie E Perreault
: Clinical Scenario: Orthopedic knee conditions are regularly treated in sports medicine clinics. Rehabilitation protocols for these conditions are often designed to address the associated quadriceps strength deficits. Despite these efforts, patients with orthopedic knee conditions often fail to completely regain their quadriceps strength. Disinhibitory modalities have recently been suggested as a clinical tool that can be used to counteract the negative effects of arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), which is believed to limit the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828665/aerobic-training-modulates-t-cell-activation-in-elderly-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#13
W F Gomes, A C R Lacerda, G E A Brito-Melo, S F Fonseca, E Rocha-Vieira, A A O Leopoldino, M R Amorim, V A Mendonça
Osteoarthritis of the knee (kOA) is a disease that mainly affects the elderly and can lead to major physical and functional limitations. However, the specific effects of walking, particularly on the immune system, are unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the effect of 12 weeks of walking (3×/week) on the leukocyte profile and quality of life (QL) of elderly women with kOA. Sixteen women (age: 67±4 years, body mass index: 28.07±4.16 kg/m2) participated in a walking program. The variables were assessed before and after 12 weeks of training with a progressively longer duration (30-55 min) and higher intensity (72-82% of HRmax determined using a graded incremental treadmill test)...
2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822020/validation-of-the-chinese-version-10-item-perceived-efficacy-in-patient-physician-interactions-scale-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis
#14
Huiwen Zhao, Wen Luo, Rose C Maly, Jun Liu, Junyi Lee, Yaning Cui
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the 10-item Perceived Efficacy in Patient-Physician Interaction (PEPPI-10) scale in hospitalized patients with severe knee osteoarthritis in the People's Republic of China. METHODS: Between January and March 2015, the Chinese versions of PEPPI, self-efficacy for exercise scale, osteoporosis self-efficacy scale, and modified fall efficacy scale were applied to assess 110 severe knee osteoarthritis patients who were hospitalized in the second ward of the department of arthroplasty surgery of Tianjin Hospital...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821962/the-effects-of-exercise-on-the-gap-43-expression-in-the-spinal-cord-of-arthritis-induced-rats
#15
Soo-Jin Park, Nam-Jin Jung, Sang-Su Na
[Purpose] The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of exercise on the recovery of spinal cord nerve cells damaged due to pain signals which are a major symptom of osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=40) were used and induction of osteoarthritis by monosodium iodoacetate. Injected rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: Sham control group without MIA injection (SG), control group with injected MIA (CG), OA without exercise (NEG), OA with exercise (EG). Sham control group was injected normal cell line instead of MIA...
October 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813360/consumer-perceptions-of-and-willingness-to-use-remotely-delivered-service-models-for-exercise-management-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Belinda J Lawford, Kim L Bennell, Rana S Hinman
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the perceptions of people with hip and/or knee OA about the remote delivery of exercise therapy by a physical therapist. METHODS: A survey of people aged ≥45 years with a clinical diagnosis of hip and/or knee OA. The survey comprised three sections including: i) demographic information; and statements about receiving exercise via the ii) telephone and; iii) video over the internet. Data were analysed by calculating response proportions and evaluating levels of agreement with each statement...
November 3, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813347/early-high-intensity-versus-low-intensity-rehabilitation-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Michael Bade, Tamara Struessel, Michael Dayton, Jared Foran, Raymond Kim, Todd Miner, Pamela Wolfe, Wendy Kohrt, Douglas Dennis, Jennifer Stevens-Lapsley
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the safety and efficacy of a high-intensity progressive rehabilitation protocol (HI) beginning 4 days after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) compared to a low-intensity (LI) rehabilitation protocol. METHODS: One hundred sixty-two participants (aged 63±7 years; 89 females) were randomized to either the HI group or LI group after TKA. Key components of the HI intervention were the utilization of progressive resistance exercises and a rapid progression to weight-bearing exercises and activities...
November 3, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810971/barriers-and-facilitators-to-physical-activity-in-people-with-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#18
Archontissa M Kanavaki, Alison Rushton, Rainer Klocke, Abhishek Abhishek, Joan L Duda
INTRODUCTION: This protocol aims to describe the objective and methods to be followed in a systematic review of qualitative studies on barriers and facilitators to physical activity (PA) in people with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PhychINFO, Web of Science, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Scopus and grey literature sources will be electronically searched. Hand search of qualitative research-centred journals, reference screening of relevant reviews and inquiries to researchers active in the field will complement the search...
November 3, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799816/comparative-effectiveness-of-dextrose-prolotherapy-versus-control-injections-and-exercise-in-the-management-of-osteoarthritis-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Chen-Yu Hung, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Ke-Vin Chang, Der-Sheng Han, Tyng-Guey Wang
BACKGROUND: Increasing evidence has supported the use of dextrose prolotherapy for patients with osteoarthritis. However, the real benefits may be affected by differences in injection protocols, comparative regimens, and evaluation scales. METHODS: PubMed and Scopus were searched from the earliest record until February 2016. One single-arm study and five randomized controlled trials were included, comprising 326 participants. We estimated the effect sizes of pain reduction before and after serial dextrose injections and compared the values between dextrose prolotherapy, comparative regimens, and exercise 6 months after the initial injection...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788299/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-educational-intervention-using-an-online-risk-calculator-for-knee-osteoarthritis-effect-on-risk-perception
#20
Elena Losina, Griffin L Michl, Karen C Smith, Jeffrey N Katz
OBJECTIVE: Young adults, in general, are not aware of their risk of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Understanding risk and risk factors is critical to knee OA prevention. We tested the efficacy of a personalized risk calculator on accuracy of knee OA risk perception and willingness to change behaviors associated with knee OA risk factors. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial of 375 subjects recruited using Amazon Mechanical Turk. Subjects were randomized to either a) use a personalized risk calculator based on demographic and risk factor information (intervention) or b) view general OA risk information (control)...
October 27, 2016: Arthritis Care & Research
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