keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gallstone

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052940/outcomes-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-and-predictors-of-subsequent-cholecystectomy
#1
Scott Cooper, Michael Donovan, David A Grieve
BACKGROUND: The use of a percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) in the management of severe acute cholecystitis is a well recognized alternative to acute cholecystectomy. The need for definitive surgical management remains controversial. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of hospital records at Nambour General Hospital between 2012 and 2016 was conducted and data relating to indications, demographics, comorbidities and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Thirty PC patients (20 male and 10 female) were identified, with a mean age of 77 years (range 46-93)...
October 20, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052064/determinants-of-variability-in-management-of-acute-calculous-cholecystitis
#2
Philippe Paci, Nancy E Mayo, Pepa A Kaneva, Julio F Fiore, Gerald M Fried, Liane S Feldman
BACKGROUND: While evidence supports early compared to delayed cholecystectomy as optimal management of acute calculous cholecystitis (ACC), significant variability in practice remains. The purpose of this study was to identify variables associated with early cholecystectomy, to target opportunities to improve adherence to best practices. METHODS: Adult patients admitted to surgical units with ACC at two hospitals in a university hospital network between June 2010 and January 2015 were reviewed...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046075/portal-hypertension-and-chylous-ascites-complicating-acute-pancreatitis-the-therapeutic-value-of-portal-vein-stenting
#3
S Poo, T D Pencavel, J Jackson, L R Jiao
Chylous ascites as a consequence of acute pancreatitis is very rare. We present an unusual case of a 73-year-old man who developed refractory chylous ascites one month after an acute severe episode of gallstone pancreatitis, associated with portal hypertension. He was successfully treated with portal vein stenting, which has remained patent to date.
October 19, 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044465/morbidity-of-cholecystectomy-and-gastric-bypass-in-a-national-database
#4
V Wanjura, E Szabo, J Österberg, J Ottosson, L Enochsson, G Sandblom
BACKGROUND: There is a strong association between obesity and gallstones. However, there is no clear evidence regarding the optimal order of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and cholecystectomy when both procedures are clinically indicated. METHODS: Based on cross-matched data from the Swedish Register for Cholecystectomy and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (GallRiks; 79 386 patients) and the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (SOReg; 36 098 patients) from 2007 to 2013, complication rates, reoperation rates and operation times related to the timing of RYGB and cholecystectomy were explored...
October 18, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033769/ascending-cholangitis-due-to-heavy-lifting
#5
M J Bakkum, R J L F Loffeld
Gallstone disease is the most common risk factor for cholangitis. In an anatomically normal bile duct system, cholangitis does not occur without the presence of stones. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography with papillotomy and stone extraction is a well-established curative therapy for gallstones in the common bile duct. More important, papillotomy prevents recurrent episodes. The present case report describes a 73-year-old male with recurring cholangitis in a clear bile duct system after previous papillotomy...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033757/gallstone-ileus-an-unlikely-cause-of-mechanical-small-bowel-obstruction
#6
Estela Abich, Daniel Glotzer, Edward Murphy
Gallstone ileus is a rare disease that accounts for 1-4% of intestinal obstructions. Almost exclusively a condition in the older female population, it is a difficult diagnosis to make. We report the case of gallstone ileus in a 94-year-old Caucasian female, who presented to the emergency department with acute-onset nausea, coffee-ground emesis, lack of bowel movement, and abdominal distension. On CT scan, the diagnosis of gallstone ileus was made by the presence of a cholecystoduodenal fistula, pneumobilia, and small bowel obstruction...
May 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027514/-a-male-with-intra-abdominal-nodules-on-a-ct-scan
#7
F G M Smeets, F P J Peters
A 38-year-old male with a history of laparoscopic cholecystectomy and successfully treated Hodgkin lymphoma had a follow-up CT-scan which showed four nodular densities behind the bladder. Additional investigations demonstrated spilled gallstones instead of a relapse of Hodgkin lymphoma. Spillage of gallstones is relatively common and may mimic malignant diseases.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023532/risk-factors-for-gallstones-and-kidney-stones-in-a-cohort-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#8
Stefania Fagagnini, Henriette Heinrich, Jean-Benoît Rossel, Luc Biedermann, Pascal Frei, Jonas Zeitz, Marianne Spalinger, Edouard Battegay, Lukas Zimmerli, Stephan R Vavricka, Gerhard Rogler, Michael Scharl, Benjamin Misselwitz
BACKGROUND: Gallstones and kidney stones are known complications of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Risk factors have been insufficiently studied and explanatory studies date back up to 30 years. It remains unclear, whether improved treatment options also influenced risk factors for these complications. OBJECTIVES: Identifying risk factors for gallstones and kidney stones in IBD patients. METHODS: Using data from the Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study we assessed associations of diseases characteristics with gallstones and kidney stones in univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019098/gallstone-ileus-monocentric-experience-looking-for-the-adequate-approach
#9
Vincenzo Scuderi, Vincenzo Adamo, Marco Naddeo, William Di Natale, Ljevin Boglione, Sebastiano Cavalli
Common complications of biliary lithiasis are cholecystitis, bile duct lithiasis, and acute biliary pancreatitis. Gallstone ileus is uncommon complications often requiring surgical approach. It is a mechanical bowel obstruction caused by a biliary calculus usually originating from a bilioenteric fistula. Because of the limited number of reported cases, the optimal surgical method of treatment has been the subject of ongoing debate. A retrospective, observational, descriptive study was conduct on patients diagnosed with non-neoplastic bowel occlusion...
October 10, 2017: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018018/acute-pancreatitis-as-an-unusual-presentation-of-primary-splenic-lymphoma
#10
Elisa Gravito-Soares, Marta Gravito-Soares, José Eduardo Pina-Cabral, Luis Tomé
A 51-year-old man with no relevant medical history presents to the emergency department complaining of a recent worsening of few months upper abdominal pain with back radiation and postprandial fullness, without B symptoms. Laboratory analysis showed hyperamylasaemia, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and inflammatory parameters. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a heterogeneous solid mass in the spleen/splenic hilum with pancreatic parenchyma continuity and no biliary tract dilation or gallstones. A mild acalculous acute pancreatitis diagnosis was made...
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018012/colonic-gallstone-ileus
#11
Lee Sigmon, Jared Rejeski, Brandon Marion, Michael Fina
Gallstone ileus is a rare aetiology of bowel obstruction and very infrequently occurs in the colon. Typically, colonic gallstone ileus carries a high morbidity and mortality and requires surgery. This case report describes a cholecystocolonic fistula in a patient with ulcerative colitis with resulting colonic gallstone ileus, which was successfully intervened on via an endoscopic approach.
October 10, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993159/prevention-of-cholesterol-gallstone-disease-by-schaftoside-in-lithogenic-diet-induced-c57bl-6-mouse-model
#12
Meijing Liu, Changhui Liu, Hao Chen, Xiaotao Huang, Xiaohui Zeng, Juncheng Zhou, Suiqing Mi
Schaftoside (SS) is a bioactive compound present in the Herba Desmodii Styracifolii (DS), a herb that has been used to treat cholelithiasis and urolithiasis in Chinese medicine. Whether SS inhibits cholesterol (Ch) gallstone formation has not been investigated. This study examined the effects of oral intake of SS on Ch gallstone formation in C57BL/6 mice fed a lithogenic diet. The rate of gallstone formation was recorded. Levels of Ch, triglycerides (TG) and bile salts (BS) were measured in the bile and serum...
October 7, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989999/gallstone-cholecystectomy-and-risk-of-gastric-cancer
#13
Sung Hwa Kang, Young Hoon Kim, Young Hoon Roh, Kwan Woo Kim, Chan Joong Choi, Min Chan Kim, Su Jin Kim, Hee Jin Kwon, Jin Han Cho, Jin Seok Jang, Jong Hun Lee
BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: The aim of this retrospective study is to compare stomach cancer incidence, characteristics between gallstones, cholecystectomy and control groups. It also aims to investigate key variables' potential effects on overall survival. METHODS: A total of 99 patients, diagnosed with stomach cancers between April 1994 and December 2015, were identified. We excluded stomach cancer patients, accrued during the first year of follow-up in both the gallstones and cholecystectomy groups, assuming that they missed cancers...
August 2017: Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987045/acalculous-cholecystitis-in-a-female-with-cardiac-device-related-infective-endocarditis
#14
Waldemar Elikowski, Przemysław Mitkowski, Małgorzata Małek-Elikowska, Jerzy Gizło, Lidia Chmielewska-Michalak, Stanisław Łazowski
Acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) is a necroinflammatory disease of the gallbladder with no gallstones present. ACC is known to be a serious, even potentially lethal complication observed mainly in patients with various severe underlying conditions including trauma, burn and sepsis. Infection of cardiac implantable electronic devices may lead to cardiac device-related infective endocarditis (CDRIE). The authors describe a case of a 55-year-old female with a history of advanced heart failure and implantation/reimplantation of biventricular pacemaker/defibrillator (CRT-D) for cardiac resynchronization therapy...
September 29, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971378/endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-transmural-drainage-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-in-patients-with-portal-hypertension-and-intra-abdominal-collaterals
#15
Surinder S Rana, Ravi Sharma, Sobur Uddin Ahmed, Rajesh Gupta
BACKGROUND: Acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) is complicated with segmental portal hypertension (PHT) and formation of venous collaterals. Presence of collaterals in vicinity of endoscopic transmural tract can lead to potentially catastrophic situation. Here, we report safety and outcome of EUS-guided transmural drainage of walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN) in patients with PHT and intra-abdominal collaterals. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of collected database of patients (n=18; age 40...
October 2, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969733/tuberculosis-of-gallbladder-mimicking-carcinoma
#16
Usman Ismat Butt, Babar Hameed, Muhammad Waris Farooka, Mahmood Ayyaz, Anila Chughtai, Muhammad Bilal Akbar
Gallbladder is a rare site of tuberculous involvement. Less than 150 cases have been documented in the last 150 years. It may mimic malignancy. Histopathology examination is the mainstay of diagnosis. Gallstones and obstruction appear to be pre-disposing factors. Treatment involves localizing other sites and starting patient on anti-tuberculosis therapy. The report describes this rare site of involvement in an adult Pakistani man.
September 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969136/clinicopathological-study-of-eosinophilic-cholecystitis-five-year-single-institution-experience
#17
Sabina Khan, Mohammad Jaseem Hassan, Zeeba Shamim Jairajpuri, Sujata Jetley, Musharraf Husain
INTRODUCTION: Gallbladder diseases are very common in Northern India, most common of which is Chronic Cholecystitis. Rarely, histopathological diagnosis of Eosinophilic Cholecystitis (EC) is given when transmural cellular infiltrate consists of more than 90% eosinophils. AIM: To determine the prevalence and clinicopathological profile of eosinophilic cholecystitis at a tertiary care hospital of New Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective clinicopathological study done on twenty two cases of eosinophilic cholecystitis over a period of five years from January 2011- December 2015...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965597/new-insights-into-the-metal-partitioning-in-different-microphases-of-human-gallstones
#18
Annika Parviainen, Manuel Jesús Roman-Alpiste, Claudio Marchesi, Juan Manuel Suárez-Grau, Rafael Pérez-López
Chronic metal exposure, e.g. from metal mining, may cause accumulation of metals in soft and hard tissues, and in developing biomineralizations in the human body. Gallstones are biomineralizations formed in the gallbladder which are able to trap trace elements from the bile. Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was used to analyze gallstone cross-sections to trace the elemental abundances and correlate them with the principal phases constituting gallstones, namely cholesterol, Ca bilirubinate salts, Ca carbonate, and Ca phosphate...
December 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958273/variation-in-clinical-characteristics-of-women-versus-men-preoperative-for-laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-analysis-of-83-059-patients
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jandie Schwartz, Christopher Bashian, Leon Kushnir, Cristina Nituica, Gus J Slotman
Variation by sex in preoperative clinical characteristics of female and male laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) patients has not been evaluated comprehensively. The objective of our study was to identify clinical differences between morbidly obese women and men seeking LRYGB. Data from 83,059 patients in the Surgical Review Corporation's Bariatric Outcomes Longitudinal Database who were about to undergo LRYGB was analyzed in two groups: women (n = 65,325) and men (n = 17,734). Statistics were evaluated with analysis of variance and the χ2 equation...
September 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956136/current-management-of-long-term-survivors-of-biliary-atresia-over-40%C3%A2-years-of-experience-in-a-single-center-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Hideyuki Sasaki, Hiromu Tanaka, Masaki Nio
INTRODUCTION: Owing to several therapeutic advancements, more patients with biliary atresia now survive into adulthood while retaining their native liver. However, the optimal strategy for long-term management of such patients remains unclear. METHODS: Aiming to establish the current management strategies, we reviewed previous reports of long-term outcome of BA who underwent surgery at our institution as well as the relevant literature, focusing particularly on the treatment of late complications...
September 27, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
keyword
keyword
22944
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"