keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Gallstone

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230280/a-case-of-mirizzi-syndrome-that-was-successfully-treated-by-laparoscopic-choledochoplasty-using-a-gallbladder-patch
#1
Masatsugu Hiraki, Junji Ueda, Hiroshi Kono, Noriyuki Egawa, Kiyoshi Saeki, Yasuhiro Tsuru, Takao Ide, Hirokazu Noshiro
The use of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of Mirizzi syndrome is considered controversial due to the degree of technical difficulty. We herein describe the case of a 36-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital due to appetite loss, nausea and back pain. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography revealed a round-shaped filling defect at the confluence of the bile duct. The patient was diagnosed with Mirizzi syndrome Type II according to the Csendes classification. Before surgery, an endoscopic nasobiliary drainage tube was placed for intraoperative cholangiography...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225328/gallbladder-hypoplasia-a-congenital-abnormality-of-the-gallbladder-a-case-report
#2
Christophoros S Kosmidis, Georgios D Koimtzis, Maria S Kosmidou, Fotini Ieridou, Triantafyllia Koletsa, Katerina T Zarampouka, Eleni Georgakoudi, Isaac Kesisoglou
BACKGROUND There are different variations in the anatomy of the gallbladder. Congenital abnormalities of the gallbladder such as agenesis and hypoplasia are rare conditions and difficult to diagnose with imaging studies. Patients are usually asymptomatic or have symptoms that mimic gallstone disease. The diagnosis is often made intraoperatively and is established by histopathological examination. CASE REPORT We report a case of a 62-year-old male who had cholelithiasis symptoms and was falsely diagnosed with gallstone disease by abdominal ultrasound scan...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223328/shared-decision-making-during-surgical-consultation-for-gallstones-at-a-safety-net-hospital
#3
Krislynn M Mueck, Isabel M Leal, Charlie C Wan, Braden F Goldberg, Tamara E Saunders, Stefanos G Millas, Mike K Liang, Tien C Ko, Lillian S Kao
BACKGROUND: Understanding patient perspectives regarding shared decision-making is crucial to providing informed, patient-centered care. Little is known about perceptions of vulnerable patients regarding shared decision-making during surgical consultation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a validated tool reflects perceptions of shared decision-making accurately among patients seeking surgical consultation for gallstones at a safety-net hospital. METHODS: A mixed methods study was conducted in a sample of adult patients with gallstones evaluated at a safety-net surgery clinic between May to July 2016...
December 6, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222221/acute-pancreatitis-following-oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
#4
Nnamdi Arinze Nwafo
Acute pancreatitis is a well-recognised complication of endoscopic procedures like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography but not oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD). I report a case of a 33-year-old woman, admitted with severe epigastric pain and vomiting 2 hours after an elective OGD for evaluation of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms. Pancreatitis was diagnosed on the basis of elevated lipase (40 790 U/L; normal 11-82) and findings on imaging studies. Other common causes of acute pancreatitis such as gallstones, alcohol and medications were ruled out...
December 7, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221786/access-to-excluded-structures-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-experience-in-a-high-level-bariatric-center-without-a-technical-platform-for-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#5
D Verscheure, D Gianfranco, P Tammaro, J L Dumont, J P Marmuse, K Arapis
BACKGROUND: Rapid weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with a high prevalence of gallstone formation. In laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), the bypassed segment is not readily available for endoscopic or radiographic examination. We propose a laparoscopic Janeway gastrostomy for secondary access to excluded structures in bariatric centers with no mandatory technical equipment in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), double-balloon ERCP or spiral enteroscopy...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213001/-resumption-of-enteral-nutrition-using-enteral-formula-containing-sodium-alginate-following-hemorrhaging-after-endoscopic-sphincterotomy-a-case-report
#6
Tetsuro Akashi, Kazuhide Matsumoto, Risa Hashimoto, Naomi Koikawa, Masaki Yamada, Junko Shimizu, Chisato Kakegawa, Mari Nakamura, Chieko Kumamoto
Enteral nutrition is often performed in elderly patients with dysphagia. Choledocholithiasis is a disease that is common in elderly patients. Gastrointestinal hemorrhaging can occur in association with endoscopic sphincterotomy, and subsequent enteral nutrition must be carefully resumed. We herein report our experience using Mermed Plus containing sodium alginate after endoscopic hemostasis. The patient was an 88-year-old woman with an onset of gallstone cholangitis during rehabilitation after cerebral infarction...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207972/disparities-in-the-regional-hospital-and-individual-levels-of-antibiotic-use-in-gallstone-surgery-in-sweden
#7
Gona Jaafar, Bahman Darkahi, Lars Lindhagen, Gunnar Persson, Gabriel Sandblom
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance may be promoted by divergent routines and lack of conformity in antibiotic treatment, especially regarding the practice of antibiotic prophylaxis. The aim of the present study was to assess differences in gallstone surgery regarding antibiotic use in Sweden. METHODS: The study was based on data from the Swedish Register for Gallstone Surgery and ERCP (GallRiks) 2005-2015. Funnel plots were used to test impact of grouping factors, including, hospital and surgeon and to identify units that deviated from the rest of the population...
December 6, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206676/hepatobiliary-hands-of-hopkins
#8
Henry A Pitt
OBJECTIVE: This historical perspective documents the role that John L. Cameron played in advancing hepatobiliary research, education, and surgery at Johns Hopkins in the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dating back to William S. Halsted in the 19th century, leaders of the Department of Surgery at Johns Hopkins have been interested in hepatobiliary disease and surgery. John L. Cameron had broad hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) interests when he completed his surgical training...
December 4, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205025/can-we-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis
#9
Antti Siiki, Johanna Laukkarinen
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the primary method for treating cholestasis and biliary tract gallstones. Although noninvasive imaging has replaced ERCP in diagnostics, ERCP remains the mainstay in collecting diagnostic specimens from the biliary tract. ERCP carries a risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis, which can vary from mild to life-threatening. Difficult cannulation is the most important risk factor for pancreatitis. Careful patient selection and adequate endoscopy training are the foundation of safe ERCP practice...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201486/gallstone-pancreatitis-a-common-but-often-overlooked-cause-of-abdominal-pain-in-post-liver-transplant-patients
#10
Napatt Kanjanahattakij, Kamolyut Lapumnuaypol, Sanna Fatima, Eyob Feyssa
Introduction: In general population, gallstone pancreatitis is the most common cause of pancreatitis. However, there are very few literatures that address this topic in post-liver-transplant patients. Clinical Case: A 69-year-old female who had a liver transplant in 2015 due to hepatocellular carcinoma and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) cirrhosis. She had a recent episode of acute cellular rejection that was treated with high dose methylprednisolone 1 week prior to admission...
2017: Case Reports in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199661/related-factors-of-postoperative-gallstone-formation-after-distal-gastrectomy-a-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Y Chen, Y Li
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factor of gallstone occurrence after distal gastrectomy (DG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: Relevant documents published from 2000 to 2016 were retrieved in PubMed, Web of Knowledge, and Ovid's database, and a metaanalysis was performed with RevMan 5.0 software for odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Eight studies met the final inclusion criteria. From the pooled analyses, nonphysiological reconstruction (OR = 1...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198010/pope-s-hat-sign-another-valuable-ct-finding-of-early-acute-cholecystitis
#12
Seo-Youn Choi, Hae Kyung Lee, Boem Ha Yi, Min Hee Lee, Ji Eun Lee, Ji Hye Min, Ji Yoon Moon, Jung Hoon Kim
PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic performance of minor computed tomography (CT) findings for acute cholecystitis and demonstrate the incremental benefit of pope's hat sign as an additional minor CT finding in patients suspected to have early acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two radiologists reviewed CT scans of 116 patients with early acute cholecystitis and 116 control patients. All cases in the patient group were surgically proven to have acute cholecystitis and preoperative dynamic CT scans...
December 2, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195671/alcohol-smoking-and-benign-hepato-biliary-disease
#13
REVIEW
Daniel Mønsted Shabanzadeh, Srdan Novovic
Gallstone disease and pancreatitis are the most frequent benign hepato-biliary causes of hospital admissions. Gallstone disease is prevalent, but symptomatic disease develops only in about one out of five carriers. Alcohol intake seems to protect gallstone formation in cohort studies possibly through effects on bile cholesterol metabolism, the enterohepatic circulation, and gallbladder function. The impact of smoking on gallstone formation seems minor. Both alcohol intake and smoking do not alter the clinical course of gallstone disease carriers...
October 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193901/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-and-risk-of-gallstones-a-meta-analysis
#14
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Panadeekarn Panjawatanan, Natasorn Lekuthai, Patompong Ungprasert
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Gallstones and its complications are one of the most common hepatobiliary tract diseases. Several epidemiologic studies have suggested that patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection might be at an increased risk of gallstones. However, the data on this relationship remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis was conducted with the aims to summarize all available evidence. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from inception to May 2016...
November 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192385/choledocholithiasis-after-bariatric-surgery-more-than-a-stone-s-throw-to-reach
#15
Krishnamurthy Somasekar, David S Y Chan, Nhatuveetil S Sreekumar, Salman Anwer
BACKGROUND: Gallstone disease is common after bariatric surgery, and patients with bile duct stones in this cohort can be difficult to treat, due to the altered anatomy. This review aims to analyse the various management options available for choledocholithiasis in post-bariatric surgery patients. METHODS: A literature search of PubMed, Medline and Cochrane library databases was carried out for studies on this subject, between January 1970 and March 2017. After initial screening and further full text review, suitable studies were identified after applying the inclusion criteria...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190631/a-retrospective-review-of-the-diagnostic-and-management-challenges-of-mirizzi-syndrome-at-the-singapore-general-hospital
#16
Wei Ming Seah, Ye Xin Koh, Peng Chung Cheow, Pierce K H Chow, Chung Yip Chan, Ser Yee Lee, London L P J Ooi, Alexander Y F Chung, Brian K P Goh
BACKGROUND: Mirizzi syndrome (MS) occurs when gallstone impaction in Hartmann's pouch results in extrinsic obstruction of the common bile duct, and fistulation may occur. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic records of patients surgically treated for MS from November 2001 to June 2012. Patient presentations, diagnostic methods, treatments and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients were grouped according to a classification proposed by Beltran et al...
November 30, 2017: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189884/adaptive-immune-cell-dysregulation-and-role-in-acute-pancreatitis-disease-progression-and-treatment
#17
REVIEW
Pascaline Fonteh, Martin Smith, Martin Brand
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammation of the pancreas caused by various stimuli including excessive alcohol consumption, gallstone disease and certain viral infections. Managing specifically the severe form of AP is limited due to lack of an understanding of the complex immune events that occur during AP involving immune cells and inflammatory molecules such as cytokines. The relative abundance of various immune cells resulting from the immune dysregulation drives disease progression. In this review, we examine the literature on the adaptive immune cells in AP, the prognostic value of these cells in stratifying patients into appropriate care and treatment strategies based on cell frequency in different AP severities are discussed...
November 30, 2017: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187474/plasma-glutathione-peroxidase-gpx1-levels-and-oxidative-stress-in-gallstone-patients-operated-with-two-different-cholecystectomy-techniques-a-randomized-study-with-special-reference-to-cancer-patients
#18
Jari Kärkkäinen, Samuli Aspinen, Jukka Harju, Petri Juvonen, Kari Pulkki, Matti Eskelinen
BACKGROUND/AIM: The plasma glutathione peroxidase (GPX1) levels in gallstone patients operated with laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or minicholecystectomy (MC) versus cancer patients is unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Initially, 114 patients with symptomatic gallstone disease were randomized into LC (n=53) or MC (n=61) groups. Plasma levels of C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and the oxidative stress marker GPX1 were measured at three time points; before (PRE), immediately after (POP1) and 6 hours after operation (POP2)...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178198/association-between-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-gallbladder-diseases-a-retrospective-study
#19
Mei-Yan Xu, Jia-Hui Ma, Bao-Shi Yuan, Jian Yin, Lan Liu, Qing-Bin Lu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and gallbladder diseases is still unclear and is controversial. We conducted a retrospective study to clarify the prevalence of gallbladder diseases, and factors related to gallbladder diseases, and relationships between H. pylori infection, gallstones, cholecystitis and cholecystic polypus. METHODS: The retrospective study was performed at the Aerospace Center Hospital in Beijing. The subjects in this study were a healthy population who underwent health examinations at the hospital between 2012 and 2015...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176474/hepatic-parenchymal-injury-in-crigler-najjar-type-i
#20
Ellen Mitchell, Sarangarajan Ranganathan, Patrick McKiernan, Robert H Squires, Kevin Strauss, Kyle Soltys, George Mazariegos, James E Squires
BACKGROUND: Crigler-Najjar syndrome type I (CNI) arises from biallelic variants of UGT1A1 that abrogate UGT1A1 activity resulting in unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. Historically, liver parenchyma in CNI was considered structurally and histologically normal. Recent review of CNI liver explants revealed fibrosis. Our aim was to investigate the association between hepatic histology and disease phenotype in CNI. METHODS: We extracted data from the medical record at the time of liver transplant from 22 patients with CNI at the Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh, and reviewed explant histology...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
keyword
keyword
22944
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"