keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

stomach

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792718/fixation-of-biomaterial-to-metallic-stent-and-fixation-of-stents-after-circular-endoscopic-dissection-in-the-esophagus-on-an-animal-model
#1
R Dolezel, B Walterová, S Juhas, O Ryska, J Juhásová, Z Vacková, J Krajciova, J Král, J Martínek
INTRODUCTION: Complete circular endoscopic (submucosal) resection (CER) performed using the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique is burdened with a high incidence of post-operative strictures in the esophagus. The most effective method of preventing them is not known so far; one of the possible methods is to prevent these strictures directly at the site of their formation by covering the defect with a stent. The aim of the study was to find a way to fix a selected biomaterial to a stent, and subsequently, to fix the stent at the CER site to prevent esophageal strictures in an animal model...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791986/-revision-of-quality-indicators-for-the-endoscopy-quality-improvement-program-of-the-national-cancer-screening-program-in-korea
#2
REVIEW
Jun Ki Min, Jae Myung Cha, Yu Kyung Cho, Jie Hyun Kim, Soon Man Yoon, Jong Pil Im, Yunho Jung, Jeong Seop Moon, Jin Oh Kim, Yoon Tae Jeen
Gastroscopy and colonoscopy are widely used for the early diagnosis of stomach and colorectal cancer. The present revision integrates recent data regarding previous quality indicators and novel indicators suggested for gastroscopy and colonoscopy procedures for the National Cancer Screening Program in Korea. The new indicators, developed by the Quality Improvement Committee of the Korean Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, vary in the level of supporting evidence, and most are based solely on expert opinion...
May 25, 2018: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791869/ghrelin-and-the-heart
#3
Takeshi Tokudome, Kentaro Otani, Mikiya Miyazato, Kenji Kangawa
Ghrelin, a growth hormone-releasing peptide that was first discovered in the stomach of rats in 1999, is an endogenous ligand of growth hormone secretagogue receptor. Ghrelin exerts its potent growth hormone-releasing and orexigenic activities by binding to specific receptors in the brain. Subsequent studies showed that ghrelin participates in the regulation of diverse processes, including energy balance, body weight maintenance, and glucose and fat metabolism, and demonstrated that ghrelin is beneficial for treatment of cardiac diseases...
May 20, 2018: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791430/ex-vivos-models-to-teaching-therapeutic-endoscopic-ultrasound-t-eus
#4
Everson L A Artifon, Spencer Cheng, Thaisa Nakadomari, Leandro Kashiwagi, Jose Celso Ardengh, Emilio Belmonte, Jose P Otoch
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound training has a learning curve greater than the other endoscopic therapeutic techniques. One of the preclinical teaching methods is the use of ex vivo porcine models. AIM: To describe five ex vivo porcine models for training in therapeutic echoendoscopic procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using porcine digestive tract containing esophagus, stomach, duodenum, spleen, liver and gallbladder, five models for therapeutic echoendoscopy training were described...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791420/upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-applied-in-pediatrics-endoscopic-and-histological-findings-including-helicobacter-pylori
#5
Diego Soares Coca, Carolina Manna Santos, Osmar Silvio Garcia de Oliveira, Dayse Aparício Pereira, Carlos Jr Kiyoshi Furuya, Everson L A Artifon
OBJECTIVE: To present and discuss the endoscopic and histological results, as well as the incidence of Helicobacter pylori and other diseases, indications and characteristics of upper digestive endoscopies performed in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-five endoscopies were performed in children aged six months to 11 years (mean 7.69 years), from February 2013 to January 2016. In 200 patients, endoscopies were diagnostic and serial biopsies were performed (esophagus, stomach and duodenum), in 120 of them...
January 2018: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790358/-esophagogastric-junction-and-its-tumours-comments-to-definition-and-classification
#6
Petr Lochman, Tomáš Dušek, Jiří Páral
In spite of the worldwide decreasing incidence of gastric cancer the number of esophagogastric junction and proximal third of stomach carcinomas has been gradually growing up. The reason of that is an increasing incidence of reflux esophagitis with Barrett´s metaplasia and a successful eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection. The aim of this work is to provide various views on definition of the esophagogastric junction and to give an overview of tumours classification schemes being used.
2018: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790224/left-atrial-compression-and-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-diameter-on-echocardiography-are-independently-associated-with-exercise-capacity-in-patients-with-large-hiatal-hernia
#7
Christopher Naoum, Leonard Kritharides, Gregory L Falk, David Martin, John Yiannikas
INTRODUCTION: Large hiatal hernia (HH) is often associated with left atrial (LA) compression, anteroposterior cardiac compression (manifesting as reduced right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) diameter), and left ventricular (LV) compression (manifesting as systolic paradoxical outward motion (LV-PM) of the posterobasal LV segment). Exercise impairment, also common in this population, improves following HH surgery. We aimed to identify echocardiographic parameters independently associated with exercise impairment due to HH-mediated cardiogenic compression...
May 2018: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790169/met-in-gastric-cancer-with-liver-metastasis-the-relationship-between-met-amplification-and-met-overexpression-in-primary-stomach-tumors-and-liver-metastasis
#8
Han S Kim, Hong J Chon, Hyunki Kim, Su-Jin Shin, Volker Wacheck, Aaron M Gruver, Jong S Kim, Sun Y Rha, Hyun C Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although MET amplification/overexpression was observed in a subset of gastric cancer (GC) patients, the relationship between MET amplification/overexpression in primary GC and liver metastasis was unclear. METHODS: GC samples and matched liver metastases (N = 47) were analyzed by fluorescence/silver in-situ hybridization (FISH/SISH) and by immunohistochemistry for MET amplification and MET expression, respectively. MET-copy number (CN) and Met expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas Stomach Adenocarcinoma (TCGA-STAD, N = 356) were also analyzed...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790130/an-analysis-of-mid-term-complications-weight-loss-and-type-2-diabetes-resolution-of-stomach-intestinal-pylorus-sparing-surgery-sips-versus-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-rygb-with-three-year-follow-up
#9
Austin Cottam, Daniel Cottam, Hinali Zaveri, Samuel Cottam, Amit Surve, Walter Medlin, Christina Richards
BACKGROUND: For many years, the Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB) was considered a good balance of complications and weight loss. According to several short-term studies, single anastomosis duodenal switch or stomach intestinal pylorus sparing surgery (SIPS) offers similar weight loss to RYGB with fewer complications and better diabetes resolution. No one has substantiated mid-term complication and nutritional differences between these two procedures. This paper seeks to compare complication and nutritional outcomes between RYGB and SIPS...
May 22, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789574/helicobacter-pylori-infected-c57bl-6-mice-with-different-gastrointestinal-microbiota-have-contrasting-gastric-pathology-microbial-and-host-immune-responses
#10
Zhongming Ge, Alexander Sheh, Yan Feng, Sureshkumar Muthupalani, Lili Ge, Chuanwu Wang, Susanna Kurnick, Anthony Mannion, Mark T Whary, James G Fox
C57BL/6 (B6) mice from Taconic Sciences (Tac) and the Jackson Laboratory (Jax) were infected with H. pylori PMSS1 (Hp) for 16 week; there was no significant difference in the gastric histologic activity index between Hp infected Tac and Jax B6. However, the degree of gastric mucous metaplasia and Th1-associated IgG2c levels in response to Hp infection were increased in Tac mice over Jax mice, whereas the colonization levels of gastric Hp were higher by 8-fold in Jax B6 compared with Tac B6. Additionally, mRNA expression of gastric Il-1β, Il-17A and RegIIIγ were significantly lower in the infected Tac compared to the infected Jax mice...
May 22, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788275/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-laparoscopic-transgastric-stapler-assisted-circumferential-esophageal-mucosectomy-and-simultaneous-fundoplication-in-a-pig-model
#11
D C Steinemann, P C Müller, A-C Schwarz, A Zerz, G R Linke, B P Müller-Stich
Laparoscopic transgastric stapler-assisted mucosectomy (SAM) has been described for minimally invasive circumferential en bloc resection of Barrett's esophagus (BE). Conceivably long-term disease control might be achieved by adding antireflux surgery after resection of BE by SAM. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of combined SAM and fundoplication in one laparoscopic procedure in six pigs. Furthermore, the competence of the gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) was assessed at baseline, after SAM, and after subsequent laparoscopic fundoplication...
May 21, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787502/evaluation-of-stomach-neoplasms-with-3-dimensional-computed-tomography-focus-on-the-potential-role-of-cinematic-rendering
#12
Steven P Rowe, Linda C Chu, Elliot K Fishman
Evaluation of stomach neoplasms by traditional 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography methods such as volume rendering and maximum-intensity projection plays an important role in lesion detection and characterization, preoperative planning, staging, and follow-up. Recently, a new 3D visualization method has become available known as cinematic rendering (CR). This novel technique makes use of a complex global lighting model to impart photorealistic levels of detail to 3D images. Although this new technique has yet to be systematically studied for the evaluation of stomach neoplasms, its intrinsic ability to create realistic shadowing effects to enhance understanding of the 3D relative locations of anatomic structures and to enhance detail and texture may prove valuable for a variety of applications...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786750/microrna%C3%A2-20b%C3%A2-5p-promotes-ventricular-remodeling-by-targeting-the-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-smad-signaling-pathway-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemia%C3%A2-reperfusion-injury
#13
Zhao-Guang Liang, Hong Yao, Rong-Sheng Xie, Chun-Lin Gong, Ye Tian
Myocardial ischemic injury results from severe impairment of the coronary blood supply and may lead to metabolic and ultrastructural changes, thereby causing irreversible damage. MicroRNA (miR)‑20b‑5p has been demonstrated to be involved in malignancies of the breast, colorectum, stomach, blood and oropharynx. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of miR‑20b‑5p on ventricular remodeling following myocardial ischemia‑reperfusion (IR) injury in rats by targeting small mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 7 (Smad7) via the transforming growth factor‑β (TGF‑β)/Smad signaling pathway...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786579/operative-treatment-of-corrosive-esophageal-strictures
#14
Volodymyr O Shaprynskyi, Yevhen V Shaprynskyi, Yaroslav V Karyi, Serhii A Lysenko, Oleg O Vorovskyi, Andrii I Semenenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays operative treatment of corrosive esophageal strictures remains one of the difficult and unsolved problems in surgery. The level of postoperative complications such as anastomotic leak (develops in 7-30% of cases), infections, pneumonia, pleural empyema, mediastinitis, peritonitis, postoperative corrosive strictures is still rather high. The aim of our work was to improve the results of surgical treatment of patients with corrosive esophageal strictures by analyzing and refining on conservative therapy options as well as differentiated approach to each operative treatment method...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786128/long-term-oncologic-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sentinel-node-navigation-surgery-in-early-gastric-cancer-a-single-center-single-arm-phase-ii-trial
#15
Do Joong Park, Young Suk Park, Sang Yong Son, Ju-Hee Lee, Hye Seung Lee, Young Soo Park, Kyoung Ho Lee, Young Hoon Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Won Woo Lee, Soyeon Ahn, Sang-Hoon Ahn, Hyung-Ho Kim
BACKGROUND: Sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) in early gastric cancer (EGC) is technically feasible according to previous literature, however its long-term oncologic safety has not been reported. METHODS: A single-center, single-arm, phase II trial was conducted to determine the oncologic outcomes of laparoscopic sentinel node (SN) biopsy in clinical stage T1N0M0 gastric cancer patients. Cases with positive SNs on intraoperative pathologic examination underwent conventional gastrectomy with radical lymphadenectomy (SN-positive group), whereas those with negative SNs underwent laparoendoscopic-limited gastric resections without further lymph node dissections (SN-negative group)...
May 21, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786110/multi%C3%A2-layered-prevention-and-treatment-of-chronic-inflammation-organ-fibrosis-and-cancer-associated-with-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-%C3%A2-catenin-signaling-activation-review
#16
Masaru Katoh
β‑catenin/CTNNB1 is an intracellular scaffold protein that interacts with adhesion molecules (E‑cadherin/CDH1, N‑cadherin/CDH2, VE‑cadherin/CDH5 and α‑catenins), transmembrane‑type mucins (MUC1/CD227 and MUC16/CA125), signaling regulators (APC, AXIN1, AXIN2 and NHERF1/EBP50) and epigenetic or transcriptional regulators (BCL9, BCL9L, CREBBP/CBP, EP300/p300, FOXM1, MED12, SMARCA4/BRG1 and TCF/LEF). Gain‑of‑function CTTNB1 mutations are detected in bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer and uterine cancer, whereas loss‑of‑function CTNNB1 mutations are also detected in human cancer...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785718/associations-between-the-smoking-relatedness-of-a-cancer-type-cessation-attitudes-and-beliefs-and-future-abstinence-among-recent-quitters
#17
Úrsula Martínez, Thomas H Brandon, Steven K Sutton, Vani N Simmons
OBJECTIVE: Smoking after a diagnosis of cancer can negatively impact treatment outcomes and quality of life. It is important that patients quit smoking and remain abstinent regardless of cancer type. Some cancer types (e.g., lung) have stronger links to smoking as a cause than do others (e.g., colorectal). The aims of this study were to (1) assess associations between smoking-relatedness of the cancer type with beliefs and attitudes concerning smoking abstinence (e.g., confidence, self-efficacy), and (2) assess these variables as predictors of future abstinence...
May 21, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785620/how-asymptomatic-are-early-cancer-patients-of-five-organs-based-on-registry-data-in-japan
#18
Narue Nakabayashi, Masahiro Hirose, Ritsuro Suzuki, Junji Suzumiya, Mikio Igawa
BACKGROUND: One reason for the low cancer screening rate in Japan is that people are not concerned about cancer if they do not have symptoms. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed 18,405 cancer patients using hospital-based cancer registry data collected between 2007 and 2013 at the 13 hospitals of Shimane Prefecture, Japan. The symptomatic rates of five cancers (stomach, colorectal, lung, breast, and cervix) at each stage and the time of early diagnosis were investigated...
May 21, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785457/a-novel-method-of-intracorporeal-end-to-end-gastrogastrostomy-in-laparoscopic-pylorus-preserving-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer-including-a-unique-anastomotic-technique-piercing-the-stomach-with-a-linear-stapler
#19
Manabu Ohashi, Naoki Hiki, Satoshi Ida, Koshi Kumagai, Souya Nunobe, Takeshi Sano
BACKGROUND: Delta-shaped anastomosis is usually applied for an intracorporeal gastrogastrostomy in totally laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (TLPPG). However, the remnant stomach is slightly twisted around the anastomosis because it connects in side-to-side fashion. To realize an intracorporeal end-to-end gastrogastrostomy using an endoscopic linear stapler, we invented a novel method including a unique anastomotic technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this new approach, we first made small gastrotomies at the greater and lesser curvatures of the transected antrum and then pierced it using an endoscopic linear stapler...
May 21, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783979/lynch-syndrome-associated-endometrial-carcinoma-with-mlh1-germline-mutation-and-mlh1-promoter-hypermethylation-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Takanori Yokoyama, Kazuhiro Takehara, Nao Sugimoto, Keika Kaneko, Etsuko Fujimoto, Mika Okazawa-Sakai, Shinichi Okame, Yuko Shiroyama, Takashi Yokoyama, Norihiro Teramoto, Shozo Ohsumi, Shinya Saito, Kazuho Imai, Kokichi Sugano
BACKGROUND: Lynch syndrome is an autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by germline mutations in mismatch repair genes. Analysis for microsatellite instability (MSI) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) of protein expressions of disease-associated genes is used to screen for Lynch syndrome in endometrial cancer patients. When losses of both MLH1 and PMS2 proteins are observed by IHC, MLH1 promoter methylation analysis is conducted to distinguish Lynch syndrome-associated endometrial cancer from sporadic cancer...
May 21, 2018: BMC Cancer
keyword
keyword
2294
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"