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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234134/a-defined-esophagectomy-perioperative-clinical-care-process-can-improve-outcomes-and-costs
#1
David T Cooke, Royce F Calhoun, Valerie Kuderer, Elizabeth A David
Esophagectomy (EG) is a high-risk therapy for esophageal cancer and end-stage benign disease. This study compares the results of EG before and after implementation of a perioperative clinical care process including a health provider education program (EP) and institutional uncomplicated postoperative clinical pathway (POP) for purpose quality improvement. This is a single institution retrospective cohort study. The EP was provided to critical care and telemetry unit nurses and the POP was imbedded in the electronic health record...
January 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28234115/clinical-outcomes-after-surgery-for-linitis-plastica-of-the-stomach-analysis-of-a-population-cancer-registry
#2
James M Chang, Kelly A Lara, Richard J Gray, Barbara A Pockaj, Nabil Wasif
Linitis plastica (LP), a subset of gastric adenocarcinoma (GA), has been considered as a fatal disease with few management options. Little evidence has been reported regarding the role for surgical therapy in treating LP. A retrospective review of GA patients with LP from the surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database (2004-2009) was performed. 29,440 patients with GA were identified, of whom 948 (3.2%) had LP. After matching for American Joint Commission on Cancer (AJCC) stage, LP patients had significantly worse 5-year disease specific survival (DSS) compared with GA (6 vs 34%, P < 0...
January 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28233691/resection-of-the-excluded-stomach-due-to-severe-bleeding-immediately-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-a-patient-with-lynch-syndrome-a-case-report
#3
Muhammad Ghanem, Andre F Teixeira, Muhammad A Jawad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28232197/characterization-of-cd3-t-lymphocytes-of-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus-and-its-response-after-immunization-with-formalin-inactivated-edwardsiella-tarda
#4
Xiaoqian Tang, Yinghui Qin, Xiuzhen Sheng, Jing Xing, Wenbin Zhan
The CD3 complex is an important cell surface marker of T lymphocytes and essential for T lymphocytes activation in higher vertebrates. In the present work, the CD3ε of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) was recombinantly expressed in E. coli BL21 (DE3) and used as an immunogen to produce mouse anti-rCD3ε polyclonal antibodies, which could specifically recognize a 20 kDa protein in the membrane proteins of peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) of Japanese flounder by co-immunoprecipitation assay. Mass spectrometric analysis showed the 20 kDa protein was the native CD3ε of Japanese flounder...
February 19, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231672/-analysis-on-cancer-deaths-and-cause-eliminated-life-expectancy-among-residents-of-tianjin-2015
#5
Z L Xu, H Zhang, D Z Wang, G D Song, C F Shen, S Zhang, Y Zhang, G H Jiang
Objective: To explore the causes of cancer deaths and cause-eliminated-life-expectancy among residents of Tianjin. Methods: Data from the death registry system of Tianjin residents in 2015 were collected and cancers were grouped according to the classification of Global Burden of Disease. Specific cancer crude death rate and cause eliminated life expectancy (CELE) were calculated. Results: In 2015, 17 641 Tianjin residents died of cancer, with the crude death rate as 171.79 per 100 thousand and the standardized rate according to the Chinese population in 2000 as 86...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231440/effects-of-acupressure-on-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analyses-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#6
REVIEW
Jing Miao, Xinyou Liu, Chaojun Wu, Hui Kong, Weiping Xie, Kouying Liu
BACKGROUND: Acupressure has been used as an effective way in treating with stomach upset. However the efficacy of acupressure in preventing chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of acupressure on three categories of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting. DATA SOURCES: Databases had been retrieved from inception through February 2016 for the randomized controlled trials in accordance with the inclusion criteria, including PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, EMBASE, Science Direct, CINAHL, China Biology Medicine, Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure, Wan Fang and Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231283/rapid-evolution-of-distinct-helicobacter-pylori-subpopulations-in-the-americas
#7
Kaisa Thorell, Koji Yahara, Elvire Berthenet, Daniel J Lawson, Jane Mikhail, Ikuko Kato, Alfonso Mendez, Cosmeri Rizzato, María Mercedes Bravo, Rumiko Suzuki, Yoshio Yamaoka, Javier Torres, Samuel K Sheppard, Daniel Falush
For the last 500 years, the Americas have been a melting pot both for genetically diverse humans and for the pathogenic and commensal organisms associated with them. One such organism is the stomach-dwelling bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which is highly prevalent in Latin America where it is a major current public health challenge because of its strong association with gastric cancer. By analyzing the genome sequence of H. pylori isolated in North, Central and South America, we found evidence for admixture between H...
February 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230087/nardilysin-regulates-inflammation-metaplasia-and-tumors-in-murine-stomach
#8
Yuto Kimura, Kozo Ikuta, Takeshi Kimura, Tsutomu Chiba, Hiroko Oshima, Masanobu Oshima, Eiichiro Nishi, Hiroshi Seno
Chronic inflammation contributes to a wide variety of human disorders. In the stomach, longstanding gastritis often results in structural alterations in the gastric mucosa, including metaplastic changes and gastric cancers. Therefore, it is important to elucidate factors that are involved in gastric inflammation. Nardilysin (N-arginine dibasic convertase; Nrdc) is a metalloendopeptidase of the M16 family that promotes ectodomain shedding of the precursor forms of various growth factors and cytokines by enhancing the protease activities of a disintegrin and metalloproteinase (ADAM) proteins...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229187/-precursors-of-gastric-cancer-dysplasia-and-adenoma
#9
C Langner
Gastric cancer develops from preneoplastic and early neoplastic precursor lesions. In particular, the intestinal type according to the Lauren classification is driven by chronic inflammation and progresses via a chronic gastritis - atrophy/metaplasia - dysplasia - carcinoma sequence. Staging of the extent of atrophy (OLGA) or intestinal metaplasia (OLGIM) enables risk stratification and determines follow-up investigations according to the management of precancerous conditions and lesions in the stomach (MAPS) international guidelines...
February 22, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228842/worldwide-malaria-incidence-and-cancer-mortality-are-inversely-associated
#10
Li Qin, Changzhong Chen, Lili Chen, Ran Xue, Ming Ou-Yang, Chengzhi Zhou, Siting Zhao, Zhengxiang He, Yu Xia, Jianxing He, Pinghua Liu, Nanshan Zhong, Xiaoping Chen
BACKGROUND: Investigations on the effects of malaria infection on cancer mortality are limited except for the incidence of Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) in African children. Our previous murine lung cancer model study demonstrated that malaria infection significantly inhibited tumor growth and prolonged the life span of tumor-bearing mice. This study aims to assess the possible associations between malaria incidence and human cancer mortality. METHODS: We compiled data on worldwide malaria incidence and age-standardized mortality related to 30 types of cancer in 56 countries for the period 1955-2008, and analyzed their longitudinal correlations by a generalized additive mixed model (GAMM), adjusted for a nonlinear year effect and potential confounders such as country's income levels, life expectancies and geographical locations...
2017: Infectious Agents and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228504/the-dynamics-of-gastric-emptying-and-self-reported-feelings-of-satiation-are-better-predictors-than-gastrointestinal-hormones-of-the-effects-of-lipid-emulsion-structure-on-fat-digestion-in-healthy-adults-a-bayesian-inference-approach
#11
Andreas Steingoetter, Simon Buetikofer, Jelena Curcic, Dieter Menne, Jens F Rehfeld, Michael Fried, Werner Schwizer, Tim J Wooster
Background: Limited information exists on the relation between fat emulsion structure and its effect on the release of gastrointestinal hormones and feelings of satiation.Objective: We investigated the impact of fat emulsion droplet size, gravitational and acid stability, and redispersibility on gastrointestinal responses and sought to deduce the relative importance of the hormones ghrelin, cholecystokinin, glucagon-like peptide-1, and peptide YY (PYY) in controlling fat emptying and related satiation.Methods: Within a randomized, double-blind, 4-armed crossover study, an extensive data set was generated by MRI of gastric function, analysis of hormone profiles, and ratings of satiation in healthy participants [10 women and 7 men with a mean ± SD age of 25 ± 7 y and body mass index (in kg/m(2)) of 22 ± 1] after intake of 4 different fat emulsions...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228348/carbon-dioxide-in-carbonated-beverages-induces-ghrelin-release-and-increased-food-consumption-in-male-rats-implications-on-the-onset-of-obesity
#12
Dureen Samandar Eweis, Fida Abed, Johnny Stiban
BACKGROUND: The dangerous health risks associated with obesity makes it a very serious public health issue. Numerous studies verified a correlation between the increase in obesity and the parallel increase in soft drink consumption among world populations. The effects of one main component in soft drinks namely the carbon dioxide gas has not been studied thoroughly in any previous research. METHODS: Male rats were subjected to different categories of drinks and evaluated for over a year...
February 19, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227159/swallowable-sensing-device-for-long-term-gastrointestinal-tract-monitoring
#13
Ryota Nakamura, Shintaro Izumi, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Hidetoshi Ohta, Masahiko Yoshimoto, Ryota Nakamura, Shintaro Izumi, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Hidetoshi Ohta, Masahiko Yoshimoto, Hidetoshi Ohta, Ryota Nakamura, Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Masahiko Yoshimoto, Shintaro Izumi
This paper presents a swallowable sensor device that can be ingested orally, later arriving to the stomach, where the device can indwell for a long term and can be egested at any time after it is triggered using wireless communication. This device can inflate a silicone balloon in the gastrointestinal tract using a chemical reaction. The balloon can be deflated later using electrolysis of water at the time of egestion. A motorless chemical-reaction-based egestion method is proposed to minimize the sensor device size...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226903/a-32-channel-wireless-system-for-recording-gastric-electrical-activity
#14
Christopher S Springston, Rui Bao, Aydin Farajidavar, Christopher S Springston, Rui Bao, Aydin Farajidavar, Christopher S Springston, Aydin Farajidavar, Rui Bao
This paper presents a wireless system designed to collect, store and transmit gastric electrical activity, known as slow waves. The system is composed of a miniaturized front-end module that can record from up to 32 locations of the stomach, and a back-end module. The front-end could either store the recorded slow waves into a flash memory, or wirelessly transmit them to the back-end connected to a computer featuring a custom-made graphical user interface (GUI). The GUI displays signals in real time, and stores them for off-line analysis...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226358/-laparoscopic-segmental-gastrectomy-for-early-gastric-cancer
#15
Lai Xu, Beizhan Niu, Xiyu Sun, Menghua Dai, Yi Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of segmental pylorus-reservation gastrectomy in patients with early gastric cancer. METHOD: A retrospective cohort study on clinical data of 6 patients strictly met the criteria of early gastric cancer locating in the middle of the stomach undergoing laparoscopic segmental gastrectomy from January 2014 to April 2016 at Department of General Surgery, Peking Union Medical College Hospital was carried out. Preoperative clinical staging revealed T1N0M0 for all the cases...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226355/-role-of-diagnostic-laparoscopy-in-the-treatment-plan-of-gastric-cancer
#16
Haojie Li, Qi Zhang, Ling Chen, Lingqiang Min, Xuefei Wang, Fenglin Liu, Yihong Sun
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical value of the diagnostic laparoscopy in choosing treatment strategies for patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on clinical and pathological data collected from 2 023 patients undergoing gastric cancer surgery in the Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University from 2009 to 2014. All the patients were diagnosed as gastric cancer by endoscopic biopsy and staged by imaging examination before surgery...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226348/-the-key-points-of-prevention-for-special-surgical-complications-after-radical-operation-of-gastric-cancer
#17
Hao Xu, Weizhi Wang, Panyuan Li, Diancai Zhang, Li Yang, Zekuan Xu
Incidence of gastric cancer is high in China and standard radical operation is currently the main treatment for gastric cancer. Postoperative complications, especially some special complications, can directly affect the prognosis of patients, even result in the increase of mortality. But the incidences of these special complications are low, so these complications are often misdiagnosed and delayed in treatment owing to insufficient recognition of medical staff. These special complications include (1) Peterson hernia: It is an abdominal hernia developed in the space between Roux loop and transverse colon mesentery after Roux-Y reconstruction of digestive tract...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226347/-prevention-and-treatment-for-complications-in-the-application-of-new-technology-for-stomach-cancers
#18
Xiangqian Su, Chuanyong Zhou, Hong Yang
With the rapid advancement of minimally invasive new technology, laparoscopic surgery and robotic surgery are now regarded as the main direction in surgical treatment for stomach cancers. Recent evidence has confirmed the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic surgery for early gastric cancer and advanced gastric cancer. However, gastrointestinal surgeons should pay more attention to complications after laparoscopic gastrectomy because of rich blood supply, complex tissue layers and lymph node metastasis. Common complications related to laparoscopic surgery are associated with laparoscopic instruments and operating, intra-abdominal bleeding, anastomotic leakage, anastomotic bleeding, pancreatic leakage, duodenal stump leakage, lymphatic leakage and so on...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226344/-diagnostic-criteria-and-risk-assessment-of-complications-after-gastric-cancer-surgery-in-western-countries
#19
Zhouqiao Wu, Qi Wang, Jinyao Shi, Koh Cherry, Jacopo Desiderio, Ziyu Li, Jiafu Ji
Postoperative complications are important outcome measurements for surgical quality and safety control. However, the complication registration has always been problematic due to the lack of definition consensus and the other practical difficulties. This narrative review summarizes the data registry system for single institutional registry, national data registry, international multi-center trial registries in the western world, aiming to share the experience of complication classification and data registration...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225997/intrathoracic-stomach-mimicking-bone-metastasis-from-thyroid-cancer-in-whole-body-iodine-131-scan-diagnosed-by-spect-ct
#20
Francisco Javier García-Gómez, Pablo Antonio de la Riva-Pérez, Cinta Calvo-Morón, Cristina Buján-Lloret, Teresa Cambil-Molina, Juan Castro-Montaño
The whole-body iodine-131 scintigraphy is an imaging technique in monitoring patients with a history of thyroid cancer. Although the rate of false positives is negligible, it is not nonexistent. We report the case of an intervened and treated patient for thyroid cancer with good clinical and biochemical response. Scintigraphic findings were consistent with unsuspected bone metastasis. Fused SPECT/CT data allowed accurate diagnosis of giant diaphragmatic hernia associated with intrathoracic stomach, a very rare pathology that can lead to false positive results...
February 13, 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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