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Atp citrate lyase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089625/modes-of-carbon-fixation-in-an-arsenic-and-co2-rich-shallow-hydrothermal-ecosystem
#1
Nolwenn Callac, Nicole R Posth, Jayne E Rattray, Kweku K Y Yamoah, Alan Wiech, Magnus Ivarsson, Christoffer Hemmingsson, Stephanos P Kilias, Ariadne Argyraki, Curt Broman, Henrik Skogby, Rienk H Smittenberg, Ernest Chi Fru
The seafloor sediments of Spathi Bay, Milos Island, Greece, are part of the largest arsenic-CO2-rich shallow submarine hydrothermal ecosystem on Earth. Here, white and brown deposits cap chemically distinct sediments with varying hydrothermal influence. All sediments contain abundant genes for autotrophic carbon fixation used in the Calvin-Benson-Bassham (CBB) and reverse tricaboxylic acid (rTCA) cycles. Both forms of RuBisCO, together with ATP citrate lyase genes in the rTCA cycle, increase with distance from the active hydrothermal centres and decrease with sediment depth...
October 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993031/targeting-atp-citrate-lyase-in-hyperlipidemia-and-metabolic-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Stephen L Pinkosky, Pieter H E Groot, Narendra D Lalwani, Gregory R Steinberg
Chronic overnutrition and a sedentary lifestyle promote imbalances in metabolism, often manifesting as risk factors for life-threating diseases such as atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Nucleocytosolic acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) has emerged as a central signaling node used to coordinate metabolic adaptations in response to a changing nutritional status. ATP-citrate lyase (ACL) is the enzyme primarily responsible for the production of extramitochondrial acetyl-CoA and is thus strategically positioned at the intersection of nutrient catabolism and lipid biosynthesis...
November 2017: Trends in Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958474/chronic-low-dose-glucocorticoid-treatment-increases-subcutaneous-abdominal-fat-but-not-visceral-fat-of-male-wistar-rats
#3
Patricia Pereira Nunes, Sandra Andreotti, Flaviane de Fátima Silva, Rogério Antonio Laurato Sertié, Rennan de Oliveira Caminhotto, Ayumi Cristina Medeiros Komino, Gabriela Boltes Reis, Fabio Bessa Lima
AIM: Most studies developed to investigate the effects of glucocorticoids chronic treatment on white adipose tissue uses high doses of these hormones. This study analyzes some effects of a chronic, continuous and steady infusion of low-dose hydrocortisone and the relationship with lipid accumulation in white adipose depots in rats. MAIN METHODS: Nineteen male Wistar rats were divided into control (CON) and cortisol (CORT) groups. Along six weeks CORT group received continuous infusion of 0...
December 1, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954258/-hydroxycitric-acid-reduced-lipid-droplets-accumulation-via-decreasing-acetyl-coa-supply-and-accelerating-energy-metabolism-in-cultured-primary-chicken-hepatocytes
#4
Longlong Li, Mengling Peng, Chongyang Ge, Lei Yu, Haitian Ma
BACKGROUND/AIMS: (-)-Hydroxycitric acid (HCA) had been shown to suppress fat accumulation in animals and humans, while the underlying biochemical mechanism is not fully understood, especially little information is available on whether (-)-HCA regulates energy metabolism and consequently affects fat deposition. METHODS: Hepatocytes were cultured for 24 h and then exposed to (-)-HCA (0, 1, 10, 50 µM), enzyme protein content was determined by ELISA; lipid metabolism gene mRNA levels were detected by RT-PCR...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947800/cytosolic-acetyl-coa-promotes-histone-acetylation-predominantly-at-h3k27-in-arabidopsis
#5
Chen Chen, Chenlong Li, Ying Wang, Justin Renaud, Gang Tian, Shrikaar Kambhampati, Behnaz Saatian, Vi Nguyen, Abdelali Hannoufa, Frédéric Marsolais, Ze-Chun Yuan, Kangfu Yu, Ryan S Austin, Jun Liu, Susanne E Kohalmi, Keqiang Wu, Shangzhi Huang, Yuhai Cui
Acetyl-coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA) is a central metabolite and the acetyl source for protein acetylation, particularly histone acetylation that promotes gene expression. However, the effect of acetyl-CoA levels on histone acetylation status in plants remains unknown. Here, we show that malfunctioned cytosolic acetyl-CoA carboxylase1 (ACC1) in Arabidopsis leads to elevated levels of acetyl-CoA and promotes histone hyperacetylation predominantly at lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27). The increase of H3K27 acetylation (H3K27ac) is dependent on adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-citrate lyase which cleaves citrate to acetyl-CoA in the cytoplasm, and requires histone acetyltransferase GCN5...
October 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923414/a-proteomic-approach-to-the-mechanisms-underlying-activation-of-aluminium-resistance-in-roots-of-urochloa-decumbens
#6
Catalina Arroyave, Roser Tolrà, Livia Chaves, Marcelo Claro de Souza, Juan Barceló, Charlotte Poschenrieder
The mechanisms of extreme Al-resistance in Urochloa decumbens are not established. Full resistance expression requires a lag time of 72-96h and is preceded by a sensitive phase (24-48h) with Al-induced root growth inhibition. The aim here was to identify key processes of the activation phase of Al-resistance analysing both root exudates and comparative root proteome. Samples were taken after 0, 24 and 96h exposure to 0 or 200μM Al. Al-induced stimulation of citrate and oxalate efflux was limited to the sensitive phase...
September 10, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901466/mir-133b-acts-as-a-tumor-suppressor-and-negatively-regulates-atp-citrate-lyase-via-ppar%C3%AE-in-gastric-cancer
#7
Yunsheng Cheng, Benli Jia, Yong Wang, Shengyun Wan
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are a class of small noncoding RNAs that negatively regulate protein expression by binding to protein-coding mRNAs and suppressing translation. Accumulating evidence suggests that miRNAs are involved in the development and progression of cancer by regulating cancer metabolism. Meanwhile, the cytosolic enzyme ATP citrate lyase (ACLY) is a promising target in the prevention and treatment of cancer. In the present study we revealed by western blot analysis and reverse transcription‑quantitative PCR that miR-133b was downregulated in human gastric cancer (GC) tissues and cell lines, while ACLY was upregulated...
November 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891024/resveratrol-supplementation-improves-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-high-fat-diet-fed-blunt-snout-bream
#8
Dingdong Zhang, Yanan Yan, Hongyan Tian, Guangzhen Jiang, Xiangfei Li, Wenbin Liu
Here, we aimed to investigate whether resveratrol (RSV) can ameliorate high-fat diet (HFD)-induced metabolic disorder in fish. Blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) with average weight 27.99 ± 0.56 g were fed a normal fat diet (NFD, 5% fat, w/w), a HFD (11% fat), or a HFD supplemented with 0.04, 0.36, or 1.08% RSV for 10 weeks. As expected, fish fed a HFD developed hepatic steatosis, as shown by elevated hepatic and plasma triglycerides, raised whole body fat, intraperitoneal fat ratio and hepatosomatic index, and increased plasma alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST)...
September 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871187/prolonged-fasting-elicits-increased-hepatic-triglyceride-accumulation-in-rats-born-to-dexamethasone-treated-mothers
#9
Lucas Carminatti Pantaleão, Gilson Murata, Caio Jordão Teixeira, Tanyara Baliani Payolla, Junia Carolina Santos-Silva, Daniella Esteves Duque-Guimaraes, Frhancielly S Sodré, Camilo Lellis-Santos, Juliana Camargo Vieira, Dailson Nogueira de Souza, Patrícia Rodrigues Gomes, Sandra Campos Rodrigues, Gabriel Forato Anhe, Silvana Bordin
We investigated the effect of dexamethasone during the last week of pregnancy on glucose and lipid metabolism in male offspring. Twelve-week old offspring were evaluated after fasting for 12-hours (physiological) and 60-hours (prolonged). Physiological fasting resulted in glucose intolerance, decreased glucose clearance after pyruvate load and increased PEPCK expression in rats born to dexamethasone-treated mothers (DEX). Prolonged fasting resulted in increased glucose tolerance and increased glucose clearance after pyruvate load in DEX...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860003/sleep-restriction-induced-energy-methylation-and-lipogenesis-metabolic-switches-in-rat-liver
#10
Arjun Sengupta, Seth D Rhoades, Eun Ji Kim, Soumyashant Nayak, Gregory R Grant, Peter Meerlo, Aalim M Weljie
Sleep curtailment is ubiquitous in modern day society. Sleep debt is associated with maladaptive physiological changes that can lead to cardiometabolic and neuropsychiatric pathologies. Recent literature has shown the effects of sleep restriction (SR) on systemic metabolic profiles in biofluids, implying that tissue-specific metabolomes are impacted by SR. To test this hypothesis, we assessed hepatic metabolic profiles of rats after 5days of SR using UPLC-MS based metabolomics analysis and gene expression analysis...
August 28, 2017: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777081/binding-of-hydroxycitrate-to-human-atp-citrate-lyase
#11
Jinhong Hu, Aruna Komakula, Marie E Fraser
Hydroxycitrate from the fruit of Garcinia cambogia [i.e. (2S,3S)-2-hydroxycitrate] is the best-known inhibitor of ATP-citrate lyase. Well diffracting crystals showing how the inhibitor binds to human ATP-citrate lyase were grown by modifying the protein. The protein was modified by introducing cleavage sites for Tobacco etch virus protease on either side of a disordered linker. The protein crystallized consisted of residues 2-425-ENLYFQ and S-488-810 of human ATP-citrate lyase. (2S,3S)-2-Hydroxycitrate binds in the same orientation as citrate, but the citrate-binding domain (residues 248-421) adopts a different orientation with respect to the rest of the protein (residues 4-247, 490-746 and 748-809) from that previously seen...
August 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727056/effects-of-protein-and-fat-concentration-in-coproduct-based-growing-calf-diets-on-adipogenic-and-lipogenic-gene-expression-blood-metabolites-and-carcass-composition
#12
J R Segers, J J Loor, S J Moisá, D Gonzalez, D W Shike
Crossbred calves ( = 30; age = 95 ± 1.7 d; BW = 179 ± 18 kg) were fed 1 of 5 growing diets: 1) corn-based control, 2) low-fat, low-protein coproduct blend, 3) high-fat, low-protein coproduct blend, 4) low-fat, high-protein coproduct blend, and 5) high-fat, high-protein coproduct blend for 112 d (growing phase) followed by a common corn-based finishing diet (additional 112 d; finishing phase). Calves were biopsied at 0, 112, and 224 d for transcriptional analysis via real-time quantitative PCR of 14 genes associated with adipogenesis and lipogenesis within the muscle...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689661/nuclear-acetyl-coa-production-by-acly-promotes-homologous-recombination
#13
Sharanya Sivanand, Seth Rhoades, Qinqin Jiang, Joyce V Lee, Joseph Benci, Jingwen Zhang, Salina Yuan, Isabella Viney, Steven Zhao, Alessandro Carrer, Michael J Bennett, Andy J Minn, Aalim M Weljie, Roger A Greenberg, Kathryn E Wellen
While maintaining the integrity of the genome and sustaining bioenergetics are both fundamental functions of the cell, potential crosstalk between metabolic and DNA repair pathways is poorly understood. Since histone acetylation plays important roles in DNA repair and is sensitive to the availability of acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl-CoA), we investigated a role for metabolic regulation of histone acetylation during the DNA damage response. In this study, we report that nuclear ATP-citrate lyase (ACLY) is phosphorylated at S455 downstream of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) and AKT following DNA damage...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679948/prl2-links-magnesium-flux-and-sex-dependent-circadian-metabolic-rhythms
#14
Noriko Uetani, Serge Hardy, Simon-Pierre Gravel, Silke Kiessling, Adam Pietrobon, Nau Nau Wong, Valérie Chénard, Nicolas Cermakian, Julie St-Pierre, Michel L Tremblay
Magnesium (Mg2+) plays pleiotropic roles in cellular biology, and it is essentially required for all living organisms. Although previous studies demonstrated intracellular Mg2+ levels were regulated by the complex of phosphatase of regenerating liver 2 (PRL2) and Mg2+ transporter of cyclin M (CNNMs), physiological functions of PRL2 in whole animals remain unclear. Interestingly, Mg2+ was recently identified as a regulator of circadian rhythm-dependent metabolism; however, no mechanism was found to explain the clock-dependent Mg2+ oscillation...
July 6, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655760/silencing-of-solute-carrier-family-13-member-5-disrupts-energy-homeostasis-and-inhibits-proliferation-of-human-hepatocarcinoma-cells
#15
Zhihui Li, Daochuan Li, Eun Yong Choi, Rena Lapidus, Lei Zhang, Shiew-Mei Huang, Paul Shapiro, Hongbing Wang
The solute carrier family 13 member 5 (SLC13A5), a sodium-coupled citrate transporter, plays a key role in importing citrate from the circulation into liver cells. Recent evidence has revealed that SLC13A5 deletion protects mice from high-fat diet-induced hepatic steatosis and that mutation of the SLC13A5 orthologues in Drosophila melanogaster and Caenorhabditis elegans promotes longevity. However, despite the emerging importance of SLC13A5 in energy homeostasis, whether perturbation of SLC13A5 affects the metabolism and malignancy of hepatocellular carcinoma is unknown...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647567/stearoyl-coa-desaturase-regulates-sorafenib-resistance-via-modulation-of-er-stress-induced-differentiation
#16
Mark Kin Fai Ma, Eunice Yuen Ting Lau, Doris Hoi Wing Leung, Jessica Lo, Nicole Pui Yu Ho, Lily Kwan Wai Cheng, Stephanie Ma, Chi Ho Lin, John A Copland, Jin Ding, Regina Cheuk Lam Lo, Irene Oi Lin Ng, Terence Kin Wah Lee
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We investigated the functional role and clinical significance of stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in regulating liver tumor-initiating cells (T-ICs) and sorafenib resistance, with the aim of developing a novel therapeutic strategy against hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). METHODS: We evaluated the clinic-pathological relevance of SCD1 and its correlation with sorafenib resistance in large cohorts of HCC clinical samples by qPCR and immunohistochemical analyses...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637447/differential-gene-expression-at-different-stages-of-mesocarp-development-in-high-and-low-yielding-oil-palm
#17
Yick Ching Wong, Huey Fang Teh, Katharina Mebus, Tony Eng Keong Ooi, Qi Bin Kwong, Ka Loo Koo, Chuang Kee Ong, Sean Mayes, Fook Tim Chew, David R Appleton, Harikrishna Kulaveerasingam
BACKGROUND: The oil yield trait of oil palm is expected to involve multiple genes, environmental influences and interactions. Many of the underlying mechanisms that contribute to oil yield are still poorly understood. In this study, we used a microarray approach to study the gene expression profiles of mesocarp tissue at different developmental stages, comparing genetically related high- and low- oil yielding palms to identify genes that contributed to the higher oil-yielding palm and might contribute to the wider genetic improvement of oil palm breeding populations...
June 21, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550409/lipid-droplets-accumulation-and-other-biochemical-changes-induced-in-the-fungal-pathogen-ustilago-maydis-under-nitrogen-starvation
#18
Lucero Romero Aguilar, Juan Pablo Pardo, Mónica Montero Lomelí, Oscar Ivan Luqueño Bocardo, Marco A Juárez Oropeza, Guadalupe Guerra Sánchez
In many organisms, the growth under nitrogen-deprivation or a poor nitrogen source impacts on the carbon flow distribution and causes accumulation of neutral lipids, which are stored as lipid droplets (LDs). Efforts are in progress to find the mechanism of LDs synthesis and degradation, and new organisms capable of accumulating large amounts of lipids for biotechnological applications. In this context, when Ustilago maydis was cultured in the absence of a nitrogen source, there was a large accumulation of lipid bodies containing mainly triacylglycerols...
May 26, 2017: Archives of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532507/isoprenoid-biosynthesis-in-dandelion-latex-is-enhanced-by-the-overexpression-of-three-key-enzymes-involved-in-the-mevalonate-pathway
#19
Katharina M Pütter, Nicole van Deenen, Kristina Unland, Dirk Prüfer, Christian Schulze Gronover
BACKGROUND: Latex from the dandelion species Taraxacum brevicorniculatum contains many high-value isoprenoid end products, e.g. triterpenes and polyisoprenes such as natural rubber. The isopentenyl pyrophosphate units required as precursors for these isoprenoids are provided by the mevalonate (MVA) pathway. The key enzyme in this pathway is 3-hydroxy-methyl-glutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR) and its activity has been thoroughly characterized in many plant species including dandelion. However, two enzymes acting upstream of HMGR have not been characterized in dandelion latex: ATP citrate lyase (ACL), which provides the acetyl-CoA utilized in the MVA pathway, and acetoacetyl-CoA thiolase (AACT), which catalyzes the first step in the pathway to produce acetoacetyl-CoA...
May 22, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490526/atp-citrate-lyase-is-essential-for-high-glucose-induced-histone-hyperacetylation-and-fibrogenic-gene-upregulation-in-mesangial-cells
#20
Dilip K Deb, Yinyin Chen, Jian Sun, Youli Wang, Yan Chun Li
The goal of this study was to address the role of ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), an enzyme that converts citrate to acetyl-CoA, in high glucose (HG)-induced histone acetylation and profibrotic gene expression. Our recent ChIP-Seq studies have demonstrated that HG induces genome-wide histone hyperacetylation in mesangial cells (MCs). Here, we showed that exposure of MCs to HG markedly increased histone acetylation at the H3K9/14 and H3K18 marks and induced the expression of potent profibrotic factors TGF-β1, TGF-β3, and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF)...
August 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
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