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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244597/relationship-between-repository-radiographic-findings-and-subsequent-performance-of-quarter-horses-competing-in-cutting-events
#1
Myra F Barrett, C Wayne McIlwraith, Erin K Contino, Richard D Park, Christopher E Kawcak, David D Frisbie, James R zumBrunnen
OBJECTIVE To investigate potential associations between repository radiographic findings and subsequent performance of Quarter Horses competing in cutting events. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SAMPLE Repository radiographs (ie, radiographs obtained at the time of sale) for 343 client-owned horses. PROCEDURES Repository radiographic findings were compared with objective measures of performance, including the likelihood of competing; the likelihood of earning money as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined; and the amount of money earned as a 3-year-old, as a 4-year-old, and as a 3- and 4-year-old combined...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243565/finding-the-best-evidence-to-support-care-of-students-with-chronic-conditions-clue-2-acquire
#2
Catherine F Yonkaitis, Erin D Maughan
Every day, school nurses make practice decisions that impact the care provided to school children. Our professional standards require that we stay up to date with best practice options, yet there is neither time nor money to attend a continuing education offering for every practice concern we encounter. Learning how to acquire the evidence that leads to best practice can ensure our practice is current and that our students have the best chance to have positive health and academic outcomes. This article explains where to find good evidence and how to access it...
January 2018: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243121/neural-processing-of-food-and-monetary-rewards-is-modulated-by-metabolic-state
#3
Mushfa Yousuf, Marcus Heldmann, Martin Göttlich, Thomas F Münte, Nuria Doñamayor
In humans, food is considered a powerful primary reinforcer, whereas money is a secondary reinforcer, as it gains a value through learning experience. Here, we aimed to identify the neural regions supporting the processing of food-related reinforcers, relate it to the neural underpinnings of monetary reinforcers, and explore their modulation by metabolic state (hunger vs satiety). Twenty healthy male participants were tested in two experimental sessions, once hungry and once satiated, using functional magnetic resonance imaging...
December 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242138/a-high-prevalence-of-food-insecurity-among-university-students-in-appalachia-reflects-a-need-for-educational-interventions-and-policy-advocacy
#4
Laura Helena McArthur, Lanae Ball, Ariel C Danek, Donald Holbert
OBJECTIVES: To measure prevalence and correlates of food insecurity among college students in Appalachia, compare food-insecure and food-secure students on correlates, and identify predictor variables. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online questionnaire. SETTING: University in Appalachia. PARTICIPANTS: Nonprobability, random sample of 1,093 students (317 male [30.1%]; 723 females [68.4%]). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Food insecurity, coping strategies, money expenditure, academic progress, and demographics...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241893/value-of-implementation-of-strategies-to-increase-the-adherence-of-health-professionals-and-cancer-survivors-to-guideline-based-physical-exercise
#5
Janne C Mewes, Lotte M G Steuten, Charlotte IJsbrandy, Maarten J IJzerman, Wim H van Harten
BACKGROUND: To increase the adherence of health professionals and cancer survivors to evidence-based physical exercise, effective implementation strategies (ISTs) are required. OBJECTIVES: To examine to what extent these ISTs provide value for money and which IST has the highest expected value. METHODS: The net benefit framework of health economic evaluations is used to conduct a value-of-implementation analysis of nine ISTs. Seven are directed to health professionals and two to cancer survivors...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241439/family-decision-making-and-self-determination-among-consumers-with-schizophrenia-in-china-cross-cultural-implications
#6
Ying Chen, Chow S Lam, Hong Deng, Patrick W Corrigan, Eva Yau
OBJECTIVES: Self-determination is viewed as an important ingredient of successful recovery in psychiatric rehabilitation. The concept of autonomy, a key component of self-determination, may be of less importance in Chinese cultures, whereby an individual's choices may be in conflict with the family's expectations. This study aimed to develop an instrument to measure opinions about self-determination among Chinese consumers and their family members. METHODS: A 27-item questionnaire, the Consumer and Family Decision Making Scale (CFDMS), was constructed to measure consumers' and family members' views of self-determination in various aspects of daily life...
December 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240818/genetic-dissection-of-main-and-epistatic-effects-of-qtl-based-on-augmented-triple-test-cross-design
#7
Xueli Zhang, Congwei Sun, Zheng Zhang, Zhijun Dai, Yuan Chen, Xiong Yuan, Zheming Yuan, Wenbang Tang, Lanzhi Li, Zhongli Hu
The use of heterosis has considerably increased the productivity of many crops; however, the biological mechanism underpinning the technique remains elusive. The North Carolina design III (NCIII) and the triple test cross (TTC) are powerful and popular genetic mating design that can be used to decipher the genetic basis of heterosis. However, when using the NCIII design with the present quantitative trait locus (QTL) mapping method, if epistasis exists, the estimated additive or dominant effects are confounded with epistatic effects...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240472/can-we-improve-care-and-save-money
#8
Sam Foster
Sam Foster, Chief Nurse, Oxford University Hospitals, considers the Secretary of State for Health's argument that safe care costs less.
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239587/redefining-medical-care
#9
Lauren R Roth
President Donald J. Trump has said he will repeal the Affordable Care Act (ACA) and replace it with health savings accounts (HSAs). Conservatives have long preferred individual accounts to meet social welfare needs instead of more traditional entitlement programs. The types of "medical care" that can be reimbursed through an HSA are listed in section 213(d) of the Internal Revenue Code (Code) and include expenses "for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease, or for the purpose of affecting any structure or function of the body...
2017: Cornell Journal of Law and Public Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234356/the-opportunities-of-virtual-reality-in-the-rehabilitation-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Azadeh Bashiri, Marjan Ghazisaeedi, Leila Shahmoradi
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in childhood. This disorder, in addition to its main symptoms, creates significant difficulties in education, social performance, and personal relationships. Given the importance of rehabilitation for these patients to combat the above issues, the use of virtual reality (VR) technology is helpful. The aim of this study was to highlight the opportunities for VR in the rehabilitation of children with ADHD. This narrative review was conducted by searching for articles in scientific databases and e-Journals, using keywords including VR, children, and ADHD...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233439/an-investigation-of-final-year-pharmacy-students-moral-reasoning-ability-and-their-views-on-professionalism-and-fitness-to-practice-panel-determinations-a-questionnaire-study
#11
Lezley-Anne Hanna, John Gillen, Maurice Hall
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim was to establish pharmacy students' moral reasoning ability and obtain their views on professionalism and fitness to practice (FtP) determinations involving pharmacists. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Following ethical approval and piloting, final year pharmacy students at Queen's University Belfast (QUB) (n=119) were invited to participate in a questionnaire study. Section A was a validated moral reasoning assessment tool [Defining Issues Test (DIT2); five moral dilemmas], Section B was FtP cases and professionalism...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228917/evaluation-of-the-economic-burden-of-leprosy-among-migrant-and-resident-patients-in-guangdong-province-china
#12
Mingzhou Xiong, Ming Li, Daocheng Zheng, Xiaohua Wang, Ting Su, Yongfeng Chen, Bin Yang
BACKGROUND: A lot of time and money was needed during the diagnosis and treatment process of leprosy, the delayed leprosy would also impair the labor capability of patients as well, and these put a heavy burden for the leprosy patients. The migrant leprosy patient is a special group and need more concern. Our goal was to assess the economic burden of leprosy on migrant and resident patient populations in Guangdong province, China. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cross-sectional survey from February to July of 2016...
December 11, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228317/leukocyte-telomere-length-at-birth-and-during-the-early-life-of-hiv-exposed-uninfected-children-following-in-utero-exposure-to-antiretrovirals
#13
Abhinav Ajaykumar, Hugo Soudeyns, Fatima Kakkar, Jason Brophy, Ari Bitnun, Ariane Alimenti, Arianne Y K Albert, Deborah M Money, Hélène C F Côté
Background: Maternal combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) during pregnancy could impact the health of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children, as some antiretrovirals cross the placenta and can inhibit telomerase. Our objective was to compare HEU and HIV-unexposed uninfected (HUU) leukocyte telomere length (LTL) at birth and in early life, and investigate any relationship with cART exposure. Methods: HEU and HUU children's blood LTL was compared cross-sectionally at birth, and during the first three years of life...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227774/tooth-fairy-guilty-of-favouritism
#14
Raphael Patcas, Hubertus Jm van Waes, Moritz M Daum, Markus A Landolt
OBJECTIVES: To determine the proportion of children visited by the Tooth Fairy, the child-related factors that influence the likelihood of her visit, and the parent-related variables that affect the amount of money the Tooth Fairy leaves. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire study. SETTING: Zürich, Switzerland. PARTICIPANTS: 3617 parents of children (mean age of children, 6.8 years; 51.9% girls) who had lost at least one deciduous tooth received a self-developed questionnaire; 1274 questionnaires were returned (35...
December 11, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227133/prevalence-of-intimate-partner-violence-and-associated-factors-amongst-women-attending-antenatal-care-at-outapi-clinic-namibia-a-descriptive-survey
#15
Leonard T Bikinesi, Robert Mash, Kate Joyner
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant and largely hidden public health problem for all women and, during pregnancy, can have significant effects on the health of both mother and the unborn baby. Previous Namibian studies suggest rates of IPV as high as 36%, although few studies have been conducted in primary care. AIM: To determine the prevalence of IPV amongst women attending antenatal care. SETTING: Outapi primary care clinic, Namibia...
December 6, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226455/perceptions-of-oral-health-among-older-cambodians-and-their-caregivers-a-qualitative-study
#16
Rithvitou Horn, Chanlay Heng, Chamrouen Chea, Chanthyda Sieng, Chenlay Louv, Bathsheba Turton, Callum Durward, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim
OBJECTIVE: Older adults (those above the age of 60) are an emerging demographic in Cambodia, and very little is understood about their oral health experiences, needs, perceptions and behaviours. The aim of this study was to explore the oral health experiences, practices and perceptions of a convenience sample of a small but diverse group of older adults in Cambodia. METHOD: A cross-sectional qualitative study in which focus group interviews were conducted by 5 trained senior Cambodian dental students...
December 11, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224685/spending-money-to-save-money-on-patient-care-the-development-of-ocular-coherence-tomography
#17
EDITORIAL
Michael W Stewart, Richard K Parrish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 5, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224174/cost-effectiveness-of-treatments-for-the-management-of-bone-metastases-a-systematic-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Lazaros Andronis, Ilias Goranitis, Sue Bayliss, Rui Duarte
BACKGROUND: Metastatic cancers occur when cancer cells break away from the primary tumour. One of the most common sites of metastasis is the bone, with several therapeutic options currently available for managing bone metastases. In a resource-constrained environment, policy makers and practitioners need to know which options are cost effective. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to review and appraise published economic evaluations on treatments for the management of bone metastases...
December 9, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224155/targeted-bisulfite-sequencing-using-the-seqcap-epi-enrichment-system
#19
Jennifer Wendt, Heidi Rosenbaum, Todd A Richmond, Jeffrey A Jeddeloh, Daniel L Burgess
Cytosine methylation has been shown to have a role in a host of biological processes. In mammalian biology these include stem cell differentiation, embryonic development, genomic imprinting, inflammation, and silencing of transposable elements. Given the central importance of these processes, it is not surprising to find aberrant cytosine methylation patterns associated with many disorders in humans, including cancer, cardiovascular disease, and neurological disease. While whole genome shotgun bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) has recently become feasible, generating high sequence coverage data for the entire genome is expensive, both in terms of money and analysis time, when generally only a small subset of the genome is of interest to most researchers...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224122/overfeed-the-bold-starve-the-cowardly-a-legend-or-reality
#20
Yanling Bi, Zhoulei Xiang, Shu Li, Baoshan Zhang
Although the negative effects of overconfidence are more likely to be mentioned in the literature, some researchers have argued that the benefits of overconfidence may outweigh its costs. We attempted to explore the positive effects of overconfidence in competitive situations. We had participants compete against fake opponents who were overconfident and then measured their competitive performance in two studies. In Study 1 we examined the effects of overconfidence on competitive performance in a competitive situation and the possible mechanism for this overconfidence...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
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