keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

money

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055254/the-effect-of-visual-cues-on-performance-in-the-ultimatum-game-in-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Daisuke Ikuse, Masayuki Tani, Takashi Itahashi, Hiroki Yamada, Haruhisa Ohta, Teppei Morita, Gousuke Arai, Nobuyuki Saga, Takahiro Tokumasu, Marie Ohta, Ayaka Sato, Akira Iwanami
The Ultimatum Game (UG) allows for the assessment of altruistic behavior as well as the perception of fairness. We examined the effects of visual social cues (gaze of others), factors associated with autism, and trust on UG performance in typical adults (TAs) and individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We hypothesized that individuals with ASD would be less affected by visual social cues than TAs. We recruited 30 TAs and 30 individuals with ASD. Participants completed 30 trials of the UG, during which the visual background was altered to include either stylized eyespots, flowers, or a neutral background...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055084/uneasy-to-talk-about-costs-of-stillbirth
#2
Jan Jaap H M Erwich
In this BJOG stillbirth themed issue, Campbell et al BJOG 2018 XX.XXX report on a population-based cost of illness study. Although reports on costs in healthcare are not unusual, and even quality of life studies are incorporating translations of quality of life into money-estimates, one can feel uneasy when talking about money regarding stillbirth. It seems insensitive towards the people suffering from their loss. How can one put a monetary value on a life not yet lived? However, these authors should be congratulated for building upon earlier work in their effort to tackle this difficult and long neglected topic (Heazell et al Lancet 2016;387:604-616)...
October 21, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054735/associations-between-neural-reward-processing-and-binge-eating-among-adolescent-girls
#3
Lindsay P Bodell, Jennifer E Wildes, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Rachel Lepage, Kate E Keenan, Amanda E Guyer, Alison E Hipwell, Stephanie D Stepp, Erika E Forbes
PURPOSE: Neuroimaging studies suggest that altered brain responses to food-related cues in reward-sensitive regions characterize individuals who experience binge-eating episodes. However, the absence of longitudinal data limits the understanding of whether reward-system alterations increase vulnerability to binge eating, as theorized in models of the development of this behavior. METHODS: Adolescent girls (N = 122) completed a functional magnetic resonance imaging monetary reward task at age 16 years as part of an ongoing longitudinal study...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054374/comparative-analysis-of-clinical-outcomes-and-procedural-costs-between-the-conventional-two-stage-technique-and-4d-brachytherapy-for-early-prostate-cancer
#4
S E M Langley, J Uribe, S Uribe-Lewis, J Money-Kyrle, C Perna, S Khaksar, R Soares, R Laing
AIMS: To assess long-term outcomes and resource use of 4D Brachytherapy, a one-stage real-time implant for the treatment of prostate cancer that uses stranded and loose iodine-125 seeds, and to compare with the conventional two-stage (2S) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data of men who underwent 2S and 4D low dose rate brachytherapy in a single institution were analysed. Survival estimates were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053832/reward-deficits-in-behavioural-variant-frontotemporal-dementia-include-insensitivity-to-negative-stimuli
#5
David C Perry, Samir Datta, Virginia E Sturm, Kristie A Wood, Jessica Zakrzewski, William W Seeley, Bruce L Miller, Joel H Kramer, Howard J Rosen
During reward processing individuals weigh positive and negative features of a stimulus to determine whether they will pursue or avoid it. Though patients with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia display changes in their pursuit of rewards, such as food, alcohol, money, and sex, the basis for these shifts is not clearly established. In particular, it is unknown whether patients' behaviour results from excessive focus on rewards, insensitivity to punishment, or to dysfunction in a particular stage of reward processing, such as anticipation, consumption, or action selection...
October 7, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051841/perceived-cost-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-purchasing-hiv-self-testing-kits-among-urban-tanzanian-men-an-inductive-content-analysis
#6
Larissa Jennings, Donaldson F Conserve, Jamison Merrill, Lusajo Kajula, Juliet Iwelunmor, Sebastian Linnemayr, Suzanne Maman
Impoverished men have lower rates of facility-based HIV counseling and testing and higher unknown HIV-positive status than women. Economic theory suggests that individuals will obtain an HIV test if anticipated benefits are greater than anticipated costs. Yet, few studies have investigated the range of financial preferences of HIV self-testing (HIVST) among poor men who decline testing or do not test regularly. Twenty-three interviews were conducted to qualitatively assess perceived costs saved and costs incurred from use of HIVST kits in infrequently- or never-tested Tanzanian men...
August 2017: Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047118/modeling-community-discharge-of-medicaid-nursing-home-residents-implications-for-money-follows-the-person
#7
Zachary Hass, Mark Woodhouse, Robert Kane, Greg Arling
OBJECTIVE: To build and test a model that predicts community discharge probabilities for Medicaid-eligible nursing home (NH) residents who remain in the nursing home at 90 days after admission and, thus, would be candidates for the Money Follows the Person (MFP) program. DATA SOURCE: The Minimum Data Set, Medicaid Management Information Systems, and Minnesota Vital Statistics file. DATA: Cohort of 33, 590 nursing home stays that qualified for Medicaid by the 90th day of their stay from 383 Minnesota nursing homes from July 2011 to June 2013...
October 18, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045494/results-of-a-massive-experiment-on-virtual-currency-endowments-and-money-demand
#8
Nenad Živić, Igor Andjelković, Tolga Özden, Milovan Dekić, Edward Castronova
We use a 575,000-subject, 28-day experiment to investigate monetary policy in a virtual setting. The experiment tests the effect of virtual currency endowments on player retention and virtual currency demand. An increase in endowments of a virtual currency should lower the demand for the currency in the short run. However, in the long run, we would expect money demand to rise in response to inflation in the virtual world. We test for this behavior in a virtual field experiment in the football management game Top11...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043827/stability-guidelines-for-dithiothreitol-treated-red-blood-cell-reagents-used-for-antibody-detection-methods-in-patients-treated-with-daratumumab
#9
Wendy L Disbro
Daratumumab (DARA), a drug used to treat patients with multiple myeloma, causes interference in pre-transfusion testing. Samples from patients receiving DARA exhibit panreactivity in antibody detection and identification tests with red blood cells (RBCs). Many hospitals are sending these samples to reference laboratories. Dithiothreitol (DTT), a sulfhydryl chemical treatment of RBCs, negates this reactivity. This study investigated the stability of the antigens on DTT-treated RBCs to determine if large quantities of RBCs could be treated at one time, stored, and used for testing at a later time...
September 2017: Immunohematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043408/what-is-the-cost-of-free-cleft-surgery-in-the-middle-east
#10
Samar Sheriff, Hassan J Zawahrah, Lenisa V Chang, Sonay Beyatli, Haithem M Elhadi Babiker, Ashton L Roach, Natalyia Biskup, John A van Aalst
BACKGROUND: This project explores the costs of cleft lip and/or palate surgeries in Palestine and Sudan, two low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in the Middle East. Our purpose is to examine the veracity of advertisements from international cleft organizations claiming that "250 US dollars (USD) covers the cost of a single cleft surgery." We hypothesize that the actual cost of surgery is greater than 250 USD. METHODS: Costs for each cleft surgery were organized broadly into 5 categories: hospital charges, personnel (time and money spent for health professionals to travel to LMIC, including lost wages), tests, consumables, and reusables...
October 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043091/hope-help-for-people-with-money-employment-benefit-or-housing-problems-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
M C Barnes, A M Haase, A M Bard, J L Donovan, R Davies, S Dursley, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R C O'Connor, W Hollingworth, C Metcalfe, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Self-harm and suicide increase in times of economic recession. Factors including job loss, austerity measures, financial difficulties and house repossession contribute to the risk. Vulnerable individuals commonly experience difficulties in navigating the benefits system and in accessing the available sources of welfare and debt advice, and this contributes to their distress. Our aim is to determine the feasibility and acceptability of a brief psychosocial intervention (the "HOPE" service) for people presenting to hospital emergency departments (ED) following self-harm or in acute distress because of financial, employment, or welfare (benefit) difficulties...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041906/from-provocation-to-aggression-the-neural-network
#12
Jonathan Repple, Christina M Pawliczek, Bianca Voss, Steven Siegel, Frank Schneider, Nils Kohn, Ute Habel
BACKGROUND: In-vivo observations of neural processes during human aggressive behavior are difficult to obtain, limiting the number of studies in this area. To address this gap, the present study implemented a social reactive aggression paradigm in 29 healthy men, employing non-violent provocation in a two-player game to elicit aggressive behavior in fMRI settings. RESULTS: Participants responded more aggressively after high provocation reflected in taking more money from their opponents...
October 17, 2017: BMC Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035675/practical-considerations-in-clinical-strategy-to-support-the-development-of-injectable-drug-device-combination-products-for-biologics
#13
Zhaoyang Li, Rachael Easton
The development of an injectable drug-device combination (DDC) product for biologics is an intricate and evolving process that requires substantial investments of time and money. Consequently, the commercial dosage form(s) or presentation(s) are often not ready when pivotal trials commence, and it is common to have drug product changes (manufacturing process or presentation) during clinical development. A scientifically sound and robust bridging strategy is required in order to introduce these changes into the clinic safely...
October 16, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033847/a-monetary-reward-alters-pacing-but-not-performance-in-competitive-cyclists
#14
Sabrina Skorski, Kevin G Thompson, Richard J Keegan, Tim Meyer, Chris R Abbiss
Money has frequently been used as an extrinsic motivator since it is assumed that humans are willing to invest more effort for financial reward. However, the influence of a monetary reward on pacing and performance in trained athletes is not well-understood. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyse the influence of a monetary reward in well-trained cyclists on their pacing and performance during short and long cycling time trials (TT). Twentythree cyclists (6 ♀, 17 ♂) completed 4 self-paced time trials (TTs, 2 short: 4 km and 6 min; 2 long: 20 km and 30 min); in a randomized order...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033231/the-combination-of-dynapenia-and-abdominal-obesity-as-a-risk-factor-for-worse-trajectories-of-iadl-disability-among-older-adults
#15
Tiago da Silva Alexandre, Shaun Scholes, Jair Licio Ferreira Santos, Yeda Aparecida de Oliveira Duarte, Cesar de Oliveira
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The concept of dynapenic obesity has been gaining great attention recently. However, there is little epidemiological evidence demonstrating that dynapenic abdominal obese individuals have worse trajectories of disability than those with dynapenia and abdominal obesity alone. Our aim was to investigate whether dynapenia combined with abdominal obesity can result in worse trajectories of instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) among English and Brazilian older adults over eight and ten years of follow-up, respectively...
October 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033043/in%C3%A2-vivo-lung-perfusion-rehabilitates-sepsis-induced-lung-injury
#16
J Hunter Mehaffey, Eric J Charles, Sarah Schubert, Morgan Salmon, Ashish K Sharma, Dustin Money, Mark H Stoler, Victor E Laubach, Curtis G Tribble, Mark E Roeser, Irving L Kron
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is the leading cause of lung injury in adults and can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Using a novel technique of isolated in vivo lung perfusion (IVLP), we hypothesized that normothermic IVLP will improve oxygenation and compliance in a porcine model of sepsis-induced lung injury. METHODS: Mature adult swine (n = 8) were administered lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 50 μg/kg over 2 hours) via the external jugular vein, followed by sternotomy and central extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) cannulation (right atrium to ascending aorta)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030960/cell-free-dna-noninvasive-prenatal-screening-for-aneuploidy-versus-conventional-screening-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#17
REVIEW
L Nshimyumukiza, S Menon, H Hina, F Rousseau, D Reinharz
Although non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) for aneuploidies using cell free fetal DNA in maternal blood has been reported to have a high accuracy, only little evidence about its cost effectiveness is available. We systematically reviewed and assessed quality of economic evaluation studies published between 1st January 2009 and 1st January 2016 where NIPT was compared to the current screening practices consisting of biochemical markers with or without nuchal translucency (NT) and/or maternal age). We included 16 studies and we found that, at current level of NIPT prices, contingent NIPT provide the best value for money, especially for publicly funded screening programs...
October 14, 2017: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030526/guidelines-for-risk-based-changeover-of-biopharma-multi-product-facilities
#18
Rob Lynch, David B, Kathleen Bellorado, Peter Canisius, Douglas Heathcote, Alan Johnson, Ned Wymann, Derek Willison-Parry
In multi-product Biopharma facilities, the protection from product contamination due to the manufacture of multiple products simultaneously, is paramount to assure product quality. To that end, the use of traditional changeover methods (elastomer change-out, full sampling, etc.) have been widely used within the industry and have been accepted by regulatory agencies. However, with the endorsement of Quality Risk Management , the use of risk based approaches may be applied to assess and continuously improve established changeover processes...
October 12, 2017: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030240/postoperative-myocardial-infarction-in-administrative-data-vs-clinical-registry-a-multi-institutional-study
#19
David A Etzioni, Cynthia Lessow, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake, Sarah E Deery, Evie Carchman, Christina M Papageorge, George Fuhrman, Rachel V Seiler, James Ogilvie, Elizabeth B Habermann, H Chang Yu-Hui, Samuel R Money
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have documented significant differences between administrative data and registry data in the determination of post-operative MI. The goal of this study is to characterize discordance between administrative and registry data in the determination of post-operative myocardial infarction (MI). STUDY DESIGN: This study was performed using data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) merged with administrative data from 8 different hospitals between 2013 and 2015...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025414/hiv-infected-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-israel-knowledge-attitudes-and-sexual-behavior
#20
Zohar Mor, Dan Turner, Yuval Livnat, Itzchak Levy
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected (HIVI) men who have sex with men (MSM) may transmit HIV to their sero-discordant sex partner/s. This study assesses the knowledge, attitudes and sex-practices of Israeli HIVI-MSM. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared HIVI-MSM to self-reported HIV-uninfected (HIVU) MSM by using anonymous questionnaires that were distributed in AIDS-treatment centers and gay-related internet-sites in 2015. Unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in the last 6 months was the outcome variable...
October 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
keyword
keyword
22922
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"