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Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
The purpose of this paper is to elaborate the ethos of humanbecoming with the core knowings of living quality. This requires describing in more detail the tenets of dignity-reverence, awe, betrayal, and shame-and specifying the tenets further with the newknowings arising from the humanbecoming hermeneutic sciencing of Lives of Others. The author introduces the newly conceptualized paradoxes, revering-betraying and aweing-shaming.
July 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
Xinrui Wang, Chengcheng Zhu, Yue Leng, Andrew J Degnan, Jianping Lu
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) on magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging has been proposed as an imaging marker of aneurysm wall inflammation and instability. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the association between AWE and aneurysm rupture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a comprehensive literature search of studies evaluating the association between AWE and aneurysm rupture. We abstracted the following study data: study design, patient demographics, aneurysm characteristics, MRI protocols, and AWE assessment...
June 13, 2018: Academic Radiology
T M Hutchinson, T J Awe, B S Bauer, K C Yates, E P Yu, W G Yelton, S Fuelling
A direct observation of the stratified electrothermal instability on the surface of thick metal is reported. Aluminum rods coated with 70μm Parylene-N were driven to 1 MA in 100ns, with the metal thicker than the skin depth. The dielectric coating suppressed plasma formation, enabling persistent observation of discrete azimuthally correlated stratified thermal perturbations perpendicular to the current whose wave numbers, k, grew exponentially with rate γ(k)=0.06ns^{-1}-(0.4ns^{-1}μm^{2}rad^{-2})k^{2} in ∼1g/cm^{3}, ∼7000K aluminum...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
Adewale O Osibanjo, Ebeguki E Igbinoba, Hezekiah O Falola, Kayode O Awe
The dataset on the effects of social demographic on job satisfaction was obtained through self-administered questionnaire. The survey was situated in a Nigerian manufacturing company and the valid ninety two copies of the questionnaire were analyzed by AMOS 21. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) analysis was carried out on the constructs. In addition, further analysis of the data will assist in establishing the significant level of demographic on job satisfaction.
August 2018: Data in Brief
Bart Ostro, Joseph V Spadaro, Sophie Gumy, Pierpaolo Mudu, Yewande Awe, Francesco Forastiere, Annette Peters
The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) is a comparative assessment of the health impact of the major and well-established risk factors, including ambient air pollution (AAP) assessed by concentrations of PM2.5 (particles less than 2.5 µm) and ozone. Over the last two decades, major improvements have emerged for two important inputs in the methodology for estimating the impacts of PM2.5: the assessment of global exposure to PM2.5 and the development of integrated exposure risk models (IERs) that relate the entire range of global exposures of PM2...
June 4, 2018: Environmental Research
Chengcheng Zhu, Xinrui Wang, Andrew J Degnan, Zhang Shi, Bing Tian, Qi Liu, Christopher Hess, David Saloner, Jianping Lu
OBJECTIVE: Aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) on MRI has been considered an imaging marker to indicate active aneurysm inflammation, but no prospective studies have assessed the ability of AWE to predict rupture risk or growth. We aim to study the association of AWE with traditional risk factors and the estimated rupture risk. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients (mean age, 58.4 ± 10.8 years; 57% female) with 88 asymptomatic intracranial saccular aneurysms underwent both 3-T high-resolution MRI and three-dimensional (3D) rotational digital subtraction angiography (DSA)...
June 5, 2018: European Radiology
Laura E Korthauer, Elizabeth Awe, Marijam Frahmand, Ira Driscoll
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by memory loss and executive dysfunction, which correspond to structural changes to the medial temporal lobes (MTL) and prefrontal cortex (PFC), respectively. Given the overlap in cognitive deficits between healthy aging and the earliest stages of AD, early detection of AD remains a challenge. The goal of the present study was to study MTL- and PFC-dependent cognitive functioning in middle-aged individuals at genetic risk for AD or cognitive impairment who do not currently manifest any clinical symptoms...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Kristina Kovač, Anja Sauer, Igor Mačinković, Stephan Awe, Florian Finkernagel, Helen Hoffmeister, Andreas Fuchs, Rolf Müller, Christina Rathke, Gernot Längst, Alexander Brehm
ATP-dependent chromatin remodellers are mutated in more than 20% of human cancers. The consequences of these mutations on enzyme function are poorly understood. Here, we characterise the effects of CHD4 mutations identified in endometrial carcinoma on the remodelling properties of dMi-2, the highly conserved Drosophila homologue of CHD4. Mutations from different patients have surprisingly diverse defects on nucleosome binding, ATPase activity and nucleosome remodelling. Unexpectedly, we identify both mutations that decrease and increase the enzyme activity...
May 29, 2018: Nature Communications
Daichi Nakagawa, Kohsuke Kudo, Olatilewa Awe, Mario Zanaty, Yasunori Nagahama, Cameron Cushing, Vincent Magnotta, Minako Hayakawa, Lauren Allan, Jeremy Greenlee, Issam A Awad, Timothy Carroll, James Torner, Madhavan L Raghavan, David M Hasan
OBJECT Sentinel headaches (SHs) associated with cerebral aneurysms (CAs) could be due to microbleeds, which are considered a sign that an aneurysm is unstable. Despite the prognostic importance of these microbleeds, they remain difficult to detect using routine imaging studies. The objective of this pilot study is to detect microbleeds associated with SH using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) sequence and then evaluate the morphological characteristics of unstable aneurysms with microbleeds...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
Mario Zanaty, Daichi Nakagawa, Robert M Starke, Enrique C Leira, Edgar A Samaniego, Waldo R Guerrero, James Torner, Yasunori Nagahama, Olatilewa Awe, Jeremy Greenlee, Joseph S Hudson, Lauren Allan, Reem Elwy, Nohra Chalouhi, Pascal Jabbour, Royce Woodroffe, Anthony Piscopo, David Hasan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the impact of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) on the cognitive prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptured cerebral aneurysm, independent of the presence of intraparenchymal hemorrhage, hydrocephalus or vasospasm. PATIENT AND METHODS: A Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of patients with aneurysmal SAH from July 2009 to November 2016 was performed. Patients were included if they had a saccular aneurysm with a Hunt-Hess grade (HHG) 1-3...
July 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Alan K Davis, Joseph P Barsuglia, Rafael Lancelotta, Robert M Grant, Elise Renn
BACKGROUND/AIM: 5-Methoxy- N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a psychoactive compound found in several plants and in high concentrations in Bufo alvarius toad venom. Synthetic, toad, and plant-sourced 5-MeO-DMT are used for spiritual and recreational purposes and may have psychotherapeutic effects. However, the use of 5-MeO-DMT is not well understood. Therefore, we examined patterns of use, motivations for consumption, subjective effects, and potential benefits and consequences associated with 5-MeO-DMT use...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Jenny M Groarke, Michael J Hogan
Music listening may serve many adaptive functions in everyday life. However, studies examining the relationship between the functions of music listening (FML) and wellbeing outcomes have produced mixed findings. The purpose of this study is to develop a new measure to assess music listening functions that is psychometrically robust, and suitable for outcomes-based research on music listening and wellbeing. Scale items were developed based on a literature review and a prior qualitative enquiry. The items were reviewed by four content experts in music psychology and scale development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Javier Labad, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Cinto Segalàs, Eva Real, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Alex Ferrer, José M Crespo, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Carles Soriano-Mas, Pino Alonso, José M Menchón
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis abnormalities have been described in both disorders and might play a role in the association between them. We aimed to study the role of HPA axis activity in the comorbidity between OCD and MDD, while controlling for psychopathological dimensions such as anxiety and depressive symptoms. We studied 324 participants belonging to four diagnostic groups: 1) MDD (n = 101), 2) OCD with comorbid MDD (n = 33), 3) OCD without MDD (n = 52), and 4) healthy subjects (n = 138)...
July 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Pablo Briñol, Richard E Petty, Maria Stavraki, Grigorios Lamprinakos, Benjamin Wagner, Darío Díaz
Anger, disgust, surprise, and awe are multifaceted emotions. Both anger and disgust are associated with feeling unpleasant as well as experiencing a sense of confidence, whereas surprise and awe tend to be more pleasant emotions that are associated with doubt. Most prior work has examined how appraisals (confidence, pleasantness) lead people to experience different emotions or to experience different levels of intensity within the same emotion. Instead, the current research focused on the consequences (rather the antecedents) of appraisals of emotion, and it focuses specifically on the consequences for thought usage rather than the consequences for generating many or few thoughts...
May 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Daniel E Epner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe, Sylvester Eluehike
Desmoid fibromatosis (desmoid tumors) is rare tumors. It can occur as intra-abdominal, extraabdominal, or abdominal wall tumor depending on the site. The abdominal wall type is usually sporadic, but few have been associated with familial adenomatous polyposis. They are commonly seen in young females who are pregnant with a history of the previous cesarean section scar or within the 1st year of the last childbirth. There is an association between this tumor, presence of estrogen receptors, and abdominal trauma...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe, Terence Akhator Azeke
Context: Albinism is an inherited disorder of hypopigmentation involving the skin, eyes, and hair. This disorder results in the absence or reduction in melanin production. There are two main types of albinism which are ocular albinism and oculocutaneous albinism. It could also be classified as syndromic or nonsyndromic the melanin, which protects from the harmful effect of ultraviolet radiation of the sun on the normal skin, is deficient in the albino, predisposing them more, to cutaneous malignancies...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
Shlomo Hareli, Shimon Elkabetz, Ursula Hess
How people react emotionally to an event can tell us much about the event itself. However, emotions vary in their situative informativeness, that is, in how much information about the situation they provide. We predicted that when emotions are shown that are low in situative informativeness participants rely more on context information, then when the emotions shown are high in situative informativeness. This hypothesis was tested in 2 studies in which participants were asked to evaluate the quality of a player's performance based on the emotional reactions of spectators to an unknown ball game...
March 29, 2018: Emotion
Eleanor Louson
Argument I argue through an analysis of spectacle that the relationship between wildlife documentary films' entertainment and educational mandates is complex and co-constitutive. Accuracy-based criticism of wildlife films reveals assumptions of a deficit model of science communication and positions spectacle as an external commercial pressure influencing the genre. Using the Planet Earth (2006) series as a case study, I describe spectacle's prominence within the recent blue-chip renaissance in wildlife film, resulting from technological innovations and twenty-first-century consumer and broadcast market contexts...
March 2018: Science in Context
Nan Lv, Haishuang Tang, Shiyue Chen, Xinrui Wang, Yibin Fang, Christof Karmonik, Qinghai Huang, Jianmin Liu
BACKGROUND: Vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been suggested as a potential in vivo method to detect inflammation of aneurysm wall and identify unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) at high risk for rupture. This study aims to investigate the correlation between aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) on vessel wall MRI and rupture-related morphological parameters in patients with multiple UIAs. METHODS: Clinical data and vessel wall MRI images were reviewed in 14 patients with 30 multiple UIAs...
March 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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