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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804510/the-nonverbal-communication-of-positive-emotions-an-emotion-family-approach
#1
Disa A Sauter
This review provides an overview of the research on nonverbal expressions of positive emotions, organised into emotion families, that is, clusters sharing common characteristics. Epistemological positive emotions (amusement, relief, awe, and interest) are found to have distinct, recognisable displays via vocal or facial cues, while the agency-approach positive emotions (elation and pride) appear to be associated with recognisable visual, but not auditory, cues. Evidence is less strong for the prosocial emotions (love, compassion, gratitude, and admiration) in any modality other than touch, and there is little support for distinct recognisable signals of the savouring positive emotions (contentment, sensory pleasure, and desire)...
July 2017: Emotion Review: Journal of the International Society for Research on Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802338/context-in-quality-of-care-improving-teamwork-and-resilience
#2
REVIEW
Daniel S Tawfik, John Bryan Sexton, Kathryn C Adair, Heather C Kaplan, Jochen Profit
Quality improvement in health care is an ongoing challenge. Consideration of the context of the health care system is of paramount importance. Staff resilience and teamwork climate are key aspects of context that drive quality. Teamwork climate is dynamic, with well-established tools available to improve teamwork for specific tasks or global applications. Similarly, burnout and resilience can be modified with interventions such as cultivating gratitude, positivity, and awe. A growing body of literature has shown that teamwork and burnout relate to quality of care, with improved teamwork and decreased burnout expected to produce improved patient quality and safety...
September 2017: Clinics in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792933/an-early-modern-human-presence-in-sumatra-73-000-63-000-years-ago
#3
K E Westaway, J Louys, R Due Awe, M J Morwood, G J Price, J-X Zhao, M Aubert, R Joannes-Boyau, T M Smith, M M Skinner, T Compton, R M Bailey, G D van den Bergh, J de Vos, A W G Pike, C Stringer, E W Saptomo, Y Rizal, J Zaim, W D Santoso, A Trihascaryo, L Kinsley, B Sulistyanto
Genetic evidence for anatomically modern humans (AMH) out of Africa before 75 thousand years ago (ka) and in island southeast Asia (ISEA) before 60 ka (93-61 ka) predates accepted archaeological records of occupation in the region. Claims that AMH arrived in ISEA before 60 ka (ref. 4) have been supported only by equivocal or non-skeletal evidence. AMH evidence from this period is rare and lacks robust chronologies owing to a lack of direct dating applications, poor preservation and/or excavation strategies and questionable taxonomic identifications...
August 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775215/observation-of-coherent-elastic-neutrino-nucleus-scattering
#4
D Akimov, J B Albert, P An, C Awe, P S Barbeau, B Becker, V Belov, A Brown, A Bolozdynya, B Cabrera-Palmer, M Cervantes, J I Collar, R J Cooper, R L Cooper, C Cuesta, D J Dean, J A Detwiler, A Eberhardt, Y Efremenko, S R Elliott, E M Erkela, L Fabris, M Febbraro, N E Fields, W Fox, Z Fu, A Galindo-Uribarri, M P Green, M Hai, M R Heath, S Hedges, D Hornback, T W Hossbach, E B Iverson, L J Kaufman, S Ki, S R Klein, A Khromov, A Konovalov, M Kremer, A Kumpan, C Leadbetter, L Li, W Lu, K Mann, D M Markoff, K Miller, H Moreno, P E Mueller, J Newby, J L Orrell, C T Overman, D S Parno, S Penttila, G Perumpilly, H Ray, J Raybern, D Reyna, G C Rich, D Rimal, D Rudik, K Scholberg, B J Scholz, G Sinev, W M Snow, V Sosnovtsev, A Shakirov, S Suchyta, B Suh, R Tayloe, R T Thornton, I Tolstukhin, J Vanderwerp, R L Varner, C J Virtue, Z Wan, J Yoo, C-H Yu, A Zawada, J Zettlemoyer, A M Zderic
The coherent elastic scattering of neutrinos off nuclei has eluded detection for four decades, even though its predicted cross-section is the largest by far of all low-energy neutrino couplings. This mode of interaction provides new opportunities to study neutrino properties, and leads to a miniaturization of detector size, with potential technological applications. We observe this process at a 6.7-sigma confidence level, using a low-background, 14.6-kg CsI[Na] scintillator exposed to the neutrino emissions from the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory...
August 3, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732072/placental-peptides-metabolism-and-maternal-factors-as-predictors-of-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-in-pregnant-women-a-case-control-study
#5
Robert Amadu Ngala, Linda Ahenkorah Fondjo, Peter Gmagna, Frank Naku Ghartey, Martin Akilla Awe
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes is a risk factor for perinatal complications; include shoulder dystocia, birth injuries such as bone fractures and nerve palsies. It is associated with later development of type 2 diabetes, the risk of macrosomia and other long-term health effects of infants born to diabetic mothers. The study assesses placental peptides and maternal factors as potential predictors of gestational diabetes among pregnant women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 200 pregnant women were recruited for the study, 150 pregnant women without pre gestational diabetes including 50 women with low risk factors of diabetes as controls and 50 other pregnant women with pregestational diabetes as control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665113/awe-somes-all-water-emulsion-bodies-with-permeable-shells-and-selective-compartments
#6
Sarah D Hann, Kathleen J Stebe, Daeyeon Lee
Living cells exploit compartmentalization within organelles to spatially and temporally control reactions and pathways. Here, we use the all aqueous two phase system (ATPS) of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and dextran to develop all water emulsion bodies, AWE-somes, a new class of encapsulated double emulsions as potential cell mimics. AWE-somes feature rigid polyelectrolyte (PE)/nanoparticle (NP) shells and double emulsion interiors. The shells form via complexation of PE and NP at interfaces of ATPS. The NPs, excluded from the drop phase, create an osmotic stress imbalance that removes water from the encapsulated phase and draws droplets of external PEG phase into the shells to form the double emulsion interior...
July 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656180/tuning-interfacial-complexation-in-aqueous-two-phase-systems-with-polyelectrolytes-and-nanoparticles-for-compound-all-water-emulsion-bodies-awe-somes
#7
Sarah D Hann, Daeyeon Lee, Kathleen J Stebe
Interfacial complexation between two oppositely charged polymers in aqueous two phase systems (ATPSs) leads to the formation of mechanically robust microcapsules that can be stressed without losing their structural integrity. When a polyelectrolyte (PE) is replaced with a charged nanoparticle (NP), microcapsules with internal compartments can be generated within an encapsulated shell comprising NPs and PEs, named AWE-somes. These shells, made by interfacial complexation between PEs and NPs, are, however, very brittle and can lose their integrity under mechanical stress, potentially limiting their applications...
June 28, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653208/-employed-and-self-employed-specialists-in-outpatient-ophthalmological-care-comparison-with-other-specialist-fields
#8
U Hahn, F Kretz, B Awe, J Koch
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the contribution to outpatient care and the perspectives of employed and self-employed ophthalmologists in isolation and in comparison to other professional groups. METHOD: Based on statistical data (source: statistical information provided by the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians) from 31 December 2015, newly admitted physicians in 2015 and their contribution differentiated by employment relationships were evaluated according to head count and working time equivalents (using "planning of demand equivalents")...
June 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637058/evaluation-of-cases-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-at-universidade-estadual-de-campinas-in-a-period-of-10-years
#9
Daniela Angerame Yela, Lucas Trigo, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto
Purpose To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE), as well as the rate and recurrence factors for the disease. Methods A retrospective study of 52 women with AWE was performed at Universidade Estadual de Campinas from 2004 to 2014. Of the 231 surgeries performed for the diagnosis of endometriosis, 52 women were found to have abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE). The frequencies, means and standard deviations of the clinical characteristics of these women were calculated, as well as the recurrence rate of AWE...
August 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582467/measuring-aesthetic-emotions-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-new-assessment-tool
#10
Ines Schindler, Georg Hosoya, Winfried Menninghaus, Ursula Beermann, Valentin Wagner, Michael Eid, Klaus R Scherer
Aesthetic perception and judgement are not merely cognitive processes, but also involve feelings. Therefore, the empirical study of these experiences requires conceptualization and measurement of aesthetic emotions. Despite the long-standing interest in such emotions, we still lack an assessment tool to capture the broad range of emotions that occur in response to the perceived aesthetic appeal of stimuli. Elicitors of aesthetic emotions are not limited to the arts in the strict sense, but extend to design, built environments, and nature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571116/plasma-microrna-signature-is-associated-with-risk-stratification-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#11
Abeer Al-Qatati, Christine Akrong, Ines Stevic, Klaus Pantel, Julius Awe, Jeff Saranchuk, Darrel Drachenberg, Sabine Mai, Heidi Schwarzenbach
The aim of this study was to establish a unique expression profile of circulating cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) capable of differentiating between prostate cancer (PCa) patients with high-risk and intermediate-risk Gleason scores. MiRNA expression profiles were determined in plasma samples from 79 treatment-naïve PCa patients, 1-2 follow-up samples after radical prostatectomy (RP) from 51 out of the 79 PCa patients, and 33 healthy men, using a quantitative real-time PCR-based array containing 48 selected miRNAs...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#12
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522526/blocking-promiscuous-activation-at-cryptic-promoters-directs-cell-type-specific-gene-expression
#13
Jongmin Kim, Chenggang Lu, Shrividhya Srinivasan, Stephan Awe, Alexander Brehm, Margaret T Fuller
To selectively express cell type-specific transcripts during development, it is critical to maintain genes required for other lineages in a silent state. Here, we show in the Drosophila male germline stem cell lineage that a spermatocyte-specific zinc finger protein, Kumgang (Kmg), working with the chromatin remodeler dMi-2 prevents transcription of genes normally expressed only in somatic lineages. By blocking transcription from normally cryptic promoters, Kmg restricts activation by Aly, a component of the testis-meiotic arrest complex, to transcripts for male germ cell differentiation...
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481617/awe-the-diminished-self-and-collective-engagement-universals-and-cultural-variations-in-the-small-self
#14
Yang Bai, Laura A Maruskin, Serena Chen, Amie M Gordon, Jennifer E Stellar, Galen D McNeil, Kaiping Peng, Dacher Keltner
Awe has been theorized as a collective emotion, one that enables individuals to integrate into social collectives. In keeping with this theorizing, we propose that awe diminishes the sense of self and shifts attention away from individual interests and concerns. In testing this hypothesis across 6 studies (N = 2137), we first validate pictorial and verbal measures of the small self; we then document that daily, in vivo, and lab experiences of awe, but not other positive emotions, diminish the sense of the self...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450730/effectiveness-of-immersive-videos-in-inducing-awe-an-experimental-study
#15
Alice Chirico, Pietro Cipresso, David B Yaden, Federica Biassoni, Giuseppe Riva, Andrea Gaggioli
Awe, a complex emotion composed by the appraisal components of vastness and need for accommodation, is a profound and often meaningful experience. Despite its importance, psychologists have only recently begun empirical study of awe. At the experimental level, a main issue concerns how to elicit high intensity awe experiences in the lab. To address this issue, Virtual Reality (VR) has been proposed as a potential solution. Here, we considered the highest realistic form of VR: immersive videos. 42 participants watched at immersive and normal 2D videos displaying an awe or a neutral content...
April 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406382/reading-what-the-mind-thinks-from-how-the-eye-sees
#16
Daniel H Lee, Adam K Anderson
Human eyes convey a remarkable variety of complex social and emotional information. However, it is unknown which physical eye features convey mental states and how that came about. In the current experiments, we tested the hypothesis that the receiver's perception of mental states is grounded in expressive eye appearance that serves an optical function for the sender. Specifically, opposing features of eye widening versus eye narrowing that regulate sensitivity versus discrimination not only conveyed their associated basic emotions (e...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396995/mid-term-outcomes-after-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-symptomatic-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-comparison-with-surgery-alone-in-a-single-institution
#17
Julie Maillot, Jean Luc Brun, Vincent Dubuisson, Marc Bazot, Nicolas Grenier, François H Cornelis
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous image-guided cryoablation of symptomatic abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) versus surgery alone. METHODS: From 2004 to 2016, cryoablation or surgery alone was performed under local (n = 5) or general anaesthesia (n = 15) for AWE in a single institution in 7 (mean age, 36.1 years) and 13 (mean age, 31.9 years) patients, respectively. Fifteen lesions were treated by cryoablation (mean size, 2.3 cm; range, 0...
April 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392305/engineering-self-assembled-materials-to-study-and-direct-immune-function
#18
Lisa H Tostanoski, Christopher M Jewell
The immune system is an awe-inspiring control structure that maintains a delicate and constantly changing balance between pro-immune functions that fight infection and cancer, regulatory or suppressive functions involved in immune tolerance, and homeostatic resting states. These activities are determined by integrating signals in space and time; thus, improving control over the densities, combinations, and durations with which immune signals are delivered is a central goal to better combat infectious disease, cancer, and autoimmunity...
April 6, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391411/empathy-engagement-entrainment-the-interaction-dynamics-of-aesthetic-experience
#19
Ingar Brinck
A recent version of the view that aesthetic experience is based in empathy as inner imitation explains aesthetic experience as the automatic simulation of actions, emotions, and bodily sensations depicted in an artwork by motor neurons in the brain. Criticizing the simulation theory for committing to an erroneous concept of empathy and failing to distinguish regular from aesthetic experiences of art, I advance an alternative, dynamic approach and claim that aesthetic experience is enacted and skillful, based in the recognition of others' experiences as distinct from one's own...
April 8, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347673/move-me-astonish-me%C3%A2-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological-correlates
#20
REVIEW
Matthew Pelowski, Patrick S Markey, Michael Forster, Gernot Gerger, Helmut Leder
This paper has a rather audacious purpose: to present a comprehensive theory explaining, and further providing hypotheses for the empirical study of, the multiple ways by which people respond to art. Despite common agreement that interaction with art can be based on a compelling, and occasionally profound, psychological experience, the nature of these interactions is still under debate. We propose a model, The Vienna Integrated Model of Art Perception (VIMAP), with the goal of resolving the multifarious processes that can occur when we perceive and interact with visual art...
February 27, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
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