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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665113/awe-somes-all-water-emulsion-bodies-with-permeable-shells-and-selective-compartments
#1
Sarah D Hann, Kathleen J Stebe, Daeyeon Lee
Living cells exploit compartmentalization within organelles to spatially and temporally control reactions and pathways. Here, we use the all aqueous two phase system (ATPS) of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and dextran to develop all water emulsion bodies, AWE-somes, a new class of encapsulated double emulsions as potential cell mimics. AWE-somes feature rigid polyelectrolyte (PE)/nanoparticle (NP) shells and double emulsion interiors. The shells form via complexation of PE and NP at interfaces of ATPS. The NPs, excluded from the drop phase, create an osmotic stress imbalance that removes water from the encapsulated phase and draws droplets of external PEG phase into the shells to form the double emulsion interior...
July 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656180/tuning-interfacial-complexation-in-aqueous-two-phase-systems-with-polyelectrolytes-and-nanoparticles-for-compound-all-water-emulsion-bodies-awe-somes
#2
Sarah D Hann, Daeyeon Lee, Kathleen J Stebe
Interfacial complexation between two oppositely charged polymers in aqueous two phase systems (ATPSs) leads to the formation of mechanically robust microcapsules that can be stressed without losing their structural integrity. When a polyelectrolyte (PE) is replaced with a charged nanoparticle (NP), microcapsules with internal compartments can be generated within an encapsulated shell comprising NPs and PEs, named AWE-somes. These shells, made by interfacial complexation between PEs and NPs, are, however, very brittle and can lose their integrity under mechanical stress, potentially limiting their applications...
June 28, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653208/-employed-and-self-employed-specialists-in-outpatient-ophthalmological-care-comparison-with-other-specialist-fields
#3
U Hahn, F Kretz, B Awe, J Koch
AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the contribution to outpatient care and the perspectives of employed and self-employed ophthalmologists in isolation and in comparison to other professional groups. METHOD: Based on statistical data (source: statistical information provided by the National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians) from 31 December 2015, newly admitted physicians in 2015 and their contribution differentiated by employment relationships were evaluated according to head count and working time equivalents (using "planning of demand equivalents")...
June 26, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637058/evaluation-of-cases-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-at-universidade-estadual-de-campinas-in-a-period-of-10-years
#4
Daniela Angerame Yela, Lucas Trigo, Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto
Purpose To determine the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE), as well as the rate and recurrence factors for the disease. Methods A retrospective study of 52 women with AWE was performed at Universidade Estadual de Campinas from 2004 to 2014. Of the 231 surgeries performed for the diagnosis of endometriosis, 52 women were found to have abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE). The frequencies, means and standard deviations of the clinical characteristics of these women were calculated, as well as the recurrence rate of AWE...
June 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582467/measuring-aesthetic-emotions-a-review-of-the-literature-and-a-new-assessment-tool
#5
Ines Schindler, Georg Hosoya, Winfried Menninghaus, Ursula Beermann, Valentin Wagner, Michael Eid, Klaus R Scherer
Aesthetic perception and judgement are not merely cognitive processes, but also involve feelings. Therefore, the empirical study of these experiences requires conceptualization and measurement of aesthetic emotions. Despite the long-standing interest in such emotions, we still lack an assessment tool to capture the broad range of emotions that occur in response to the perceived aesthetic appeal of stimuli. Elicitors of aesthetic emotions are not limited to the arts in the strict sense, but extend to design, built environments, and nature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571116/plasma-microrna-signature-is-associated-with-risk-stratification-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#6
Abeer Al-Qatati, Christine Akrong, Ines Stevic, Klaus Pantel, Julius Awe, Jeff Saranchuk, Darrel Drachenberg, Sabine Mai, Heidi Schwarzenbach
The aim of the current study was to establish a unique expression profile of circulating cell-free microRNAs (miRNAs) capable of differentiating between prostate cancer (PCa) patients with high risk and intermediate risk Gleason scores. MiRNA expression profiles were determined in plasma samples from 79 treatment-naïve PCa patients, 1-2 follow-up samples after radical prostatectomy (RP) from 51 out of the 79 PCa patients, and 33 healthy men, using a quantitative real time PCR based array containing 48 selected miRNAs...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555952/students-opinions-on-welfare-and-ethics-issues-for-companion-animals-in-australian-and-new-zealand-veterinary-schools
#7
C Degeling, A Fawcett, T Collins, S Hazel, J Johnson, J Lloyd, Cjc Phillips, K Stafford, V Tzioumis, P McGreevy
OBJECTIVE: To determine what veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand consider important competences in companion animal welfare and ethics (AWE) required on their first day of practice, and to explore how their priorities relate to gender and stage of study. METHODS: Undergraduate students at all veterinary schools in Australia and New Zealand were sent an online survey. A subset of questions required participants to rank the importance of preselected AWE topics pertaining to companion animals...
June 2017: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522526/blocking-promiscuous-activation-at-cryptic-promoters-directs-cell-type-specific-gene-expression
#8
Jongmin Kim, Chenggang Lu, Shrividhya Srinivasan, Stephan Awe, Alexander Brehm, Margaret T Fuller
To selectively express cell type-specific transcripts during development, it is critical to maintain genes required for other lineages in a silent state. Here, we show in the Drosophila male germline stem cell lineage that a spermatocyte-specific zinc finger protein, Kumgang (Kmg), working with the chromatin remodeler dMi-2 prevents transcription of genes normally expressed only in somatic lineages. By blocking transcription from normally cryptic promoters, Kmg restricts activation by Aly, a component of the testis-meiotic arrest complex, to transcripts for male germ cell differentiation...
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481617/awe-the-diminished-self-and-collective-engagement-universals-and-cultural-variations-in-the-small-self
#9
Yang Bai, Laura A Maruskin, Serena Chen, Amie M Gordon, Jennifer E Stellar, Galen D McNeil, Kaiping Peng, Dacher Keltner
Awe has been theorized as a collective emotion, one that enables individuals to integrate into social collectives. In keeping with this theorizing, we propose that awe diminishes the sense of self and shifts attention away from individual interests and concerns. In testing this hypothesis across 6 studies (N = 2137), we first validate pictorial and verbal measures of the small self; we then document that daily, in vivo, and lab experiences of awe, but not other positive emotions, diminish the sense of the self...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450730/effectiveness-of-immersive-videos-in-inducing-awe-an-experimental-study
#10
Alice Chirico, Pietro Cipresso, David B Yaden, Federica Biassoni, Giuseppe Riva, Andrea Gaggioli
Awe, a complex emotion composed by the appraisal components of vastness and need for accommodation, is a profound and often meaningful experience. Despite its importance, psychologists have only recently begun empirical study of awe. At the experimental level, a main issue concerns how to elicit high intensity awe experiences in the lab. To address this issue, Virtual Reality (VR) has been proposed as a potential solution. Here, we considered the highest realistic form of VR: immersive videos. 42 participants watched at immersive and normal 2D videos displaying an awe or a neutral content...
April 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406382/reading-what-the-mind-thinks-from-how-the-eye-sees
#11
Daniel H Lee, Adam K Anderson
Human eyes convey a remarkable variety of complex social and emotional information. However, it is unknown which physical eye features convey mental states and how that came about. In the current experiments, we tested the hypothesis that the receiver's perception of mental states is grounded in expressive eye appearance that serves an optical function for the sender. Specifically, opposing features of eye widening versus eye narrowing that regulate sensitivity versus discrimination not only conveyed their associated basic emotions (e...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396995/mid-term-outcomes-after-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-symptomatic-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-comparison-with-surgery-alone-in-a-single-institution
#12
Julie Maillot, Jean Luc Brun, Vincent Dubuisson, Marc Bazot, Nicolas Grenier, François H Cornelis
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous image-guided cryoablation of symptomatic abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) versus surgery alone. METHODS: From 2004 to 2016, cryoablation or surgery alone was performed under local (n = 5) or general anaesthesia (n = 15) for AWE in a single institution in 7 (mean age, 36.1 years) and 13 (mean age, 31.9 years) patients, respectively. Fifteen lesions were treated by cryoablation (mean size, 2.3 cm; range, 0...
April 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392305/engineering-self-assembled-materials-to-study-and-direct-immune-function
#13
Lisa H Tostanoski, Christopher M Jewell
The immune system is an awe-inspiring control structure that maintains a delicate and constantly changing balance between pro-immune functions that fight infection and cancer, regulatory or suppressive functions involved in immune tolerance, and homeostatic resting states. These activities are determined by integrating signals in space and time; thus, improving control over the densities, combinations, and durations with which immune signals are delivered is a central goal to better combat infectious disease, cancer, and autoimmunity...
April 6, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391411/empathy-engagement-entrainment-the-interaction-dynamics-of-aesthetic-experience
#14
Ingar Brinck
A recent version of the view that aesthetic experience is based in empathy as inner imitation explains aesthetic experience as the automatic simulation of actions, emotions, and bodily sensations depicted in an artwork by motor neurons in the brain. Criticizing the simulation theory for committing to an erroneous concept of empathy and failing to distinguish regular from aesthetic experiences of art, I advance an alternative, dynamic approach and claim that aesthetic experience is enacted and skillful, based in the recognition of others' experiences as distinct from one's own...
April 8, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347673/move-me-astonish-me%C3%A2-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological-correlates
#15
REVIEW
Matthew Pelowski, Patrick S Markey, Michael Forster, Gernot Gerger, Helmut Leder
This paper has a rather audacious purpose: to present a comprehensive theory explaining, and further providing hypotheses for the empirical study of, the multiple ways by which people respond to art. Despite common agreement that interaction with art can be based on a compelling, and occasionally profound, psychological experience, the nature of these interactions is still under debate. We propose a model, The Vienna Integrated Model of Art Perception (VIMAP), with the goal of resolving the multifarious processes that can occur when we perceive and interact with visual art...
February 27, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252826/making-space-for-spirituality-in-childbirth
#16
EDITORIAL
Colm OBoyle, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins
In this editorial we consider the relationship between spirituality and childbirth and highlight potential gaps in both national and international understandings and research in the field of maternity care. We believe, as many do, that childbirth is a deeply spiritual experience (Bélanger-Lévesque et al. 2016). To desire to be pregnant, to give birth and to become a mother (or parent) reflects the very essence of what it is to be human and to want to derive meaning from the human experience through recreation...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244302/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-following-cesarean-section-a-study-of-the-growth-rate-of-parietal-endometriosis-implants
#17
Salma Touleimat, Basma Darwish, Maud Vassilieff, Emanuela Stochino Loi, Clotilde Hennetier, Horace Roman
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to estimate the growth rate of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) following Cesarean Section (CS), in order to potentially identify a growth model of endometriosis in vivo. METHODS: This monocentric, retrospective study included 23 patients presenting 26 nodules of post-CS AWE treated by surgical excision. Nodule surface and volume, time-lapse between surgery and AWE as well as the contraception used were noted. A comparison between nodules' features was performed depending on hormonal Vs...
February 27, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230393/going-off-script-effects-of-awe-on-memory-for-script-typical-and-irrelevant-narrative-detail
#18
Alexander F Danvers, Michelle N Shiota
People often filter their experience of new events through knowledge they already have; for example, encoding new events by relying on prototypical event "scripts" at the expense of actual details. Previous research suggests that positive affect often increases this tendency. Three studies assessed whether awe-an emotion elicited by perceived vastness, and thought to promote cognitive accommodation-has the opposite effect, reducing rather than increasing reliance on event scripts. True/false questions on details of a short story about a romantic dinner were used to determine whether awe (a) reduces the tendency to impute script-consistent but false details into memory, and/or (b) promotes memory of unexpected details...
February 23, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218772/diagnosis-and-management-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-clinical-recommendations
#19
REVIEW
Noah B Rindos, Suketu Mansuria
Importance: Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare but easily treated cause of pain in women, especially those who have undergone cesarean deliveries. Objective: This article reviews the diagnosis and management of AWE, a condition that generally develops after surgery but may arise spontaneously. We present a systematic review of the existing literature on AWE, as well as our clinical recommendations for medical and surgical management. Evidence Acquisition: We searched PubMed and other databases using the search criteria "abdominal wall endometriosis," "abdominal wall endometriomas," and "abdominal wall mass...
February 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202223/filtration-based-enrichment-of-circulating-tumor-cells-from-all-prostate-cancer-risk-groups
#20
Julius Adebayo Awe, Jeff Saranchuk, Darrel Drachenberg, Sabine Mai
OBJECTIVE: To combine circulating tumor cell (CTC) isolation by filtration and immunohistochemistry to investigate the presence of CTCs in low, intermediate, and high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). CTCs isolated from these risk groups stained positive for both cytokeratin and androgen receptors, but negative for CD45. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood samples from 41 biopsy confirmed patients with PCa at different clinical stages such as low, intermediate, and high risk were analyzed...
May 2017: Urologic Oncology
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