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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666549/reinforced-cassava-starch-based-edible-film-incorporated-with-essential-oil-and-sodium-bentonite-nanoclay-as-food-packaging-material
#1
Butsadee Iamareerat, Manisha Singh, Muhammad Bilal Sadiq, Anil Kumar Anal
Biodegradable packaging in food materials is a green technology based novel approach to replace the synthetic and conventional packaging systems. This study is aimed to formulate the biodegradable cassava starch based films incorporated with cinnamon essential oil and sodium bentonite clay nanoparticles. The films were characterized for their application as a packaging material for meatballs. The cassava starch films incorporated with sodium bentonite and cinnamon oil showed significant antibacterial potential against all test bacteria; Escherichia coli , Salmonella typhimurium and Staphylococcus aureus...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665089/three-dimensional-endoanal-ultrasound-features-of-the-anal-sphincter-in-asian-primigravidae
#2
Dakshitha Praneeth Wickramasinghe, Supun Senaratne, Hemantha Senanayake, Dharmabandu Nandadeva Samarasekera
OBJECTIVES: The normal parameters of 3-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3DEAUS) of the anal sphincter have not been reported for primigravidae or pregnant women at present. 3DEAUS parameters in Asian primigravidae were assessed in this study. METHODS: We analyzed 3DEAUS data of 101 consecutives Asian primigravidae, assessed in the early third trimester. The assessment was performed with a rigid ultrasonic probe (Olympus® RU 12M-R1 probe and EU-ME1 ultrasound system (Olympus Corp...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660321/reliability-among-central-readers-in-the-evaluation-of-endoscopic-disease-activity-in-pouchitis
#3
Mark A Samaan, Bo Shen, Mahmoud H Mosli, Guangyong Zou, William J Sandborn, Lisa M Shackelton, Sigrid Nelson, Larry Stitt, Stuart Bloom, Darrell S Pardi, Paolo Gionchetti, James Lindsay, Simon Travis, Ailsa Hart, Mark S Silverberg, Brian G Feagan, Geert R D'Haens, Vipul Jairath
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Pouchitis is a common adverse event after proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Evaluation of pouchitis disease activity and response to treatment requires use of validated indices. We assessed the reliability of items evaluating endoscopic pouchitis disease activity. METHODS: Twelve panelists used a modified RAND appropriateness methodology to rate the appropriateness of items evaluating endoscopic pouchitis disease activity derived from a systematic review, and also identified additional potential endoscopic items based on expert opinion...
April 13, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660189/identification-and-characterization-of-doublesex-in-bemisia-tabaci
#4
Litao Guo, Wen Xie, Yating Liu, Zezhong Yang, Xin Yang, Jixing Xia, Shaoli Wang, Qingjun Wu, Youjun Zhang
Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) is an important agricultural pest with a worldwide distribution. Although B.tabaci is known to have a unique haplodiploid reproductive strategy, its sex determination mechanism is largely unknown. In this study, we cloned the full-length sequence of B. tabaci doublesex (Btdsx) and found that Btdsx has 28 splicing isoforms. We found two new splicing isoforms of transformer 2 (Bttra2) that encode two proteins. We also confirmed that both genes lack sex-specific splicing isoforms. RT-qPCR analysis showed that the expression of Btdsx and Bttra2 is higher in males than in females...
April 16, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660123/a-new-species-of-hemibrycon-characiformes-characidae-stevardiinae-from-the-upper-magdalena-river-basin-in-colombia
#5
J E García-Melo, J G Albornoz-Garzón, L J García-Melo, F A Villa-Navarro, J A Maldonado-Ocampo
Hemibrycon iqueima sp. nov., is described from small streams in the Magdalena drainage at the foothills of the western slope of the Eastern Cordillera of the Colombian Andes, Suarez municipality, Tolima Department, Colombia. The new species is distinguished from its congeners in the Magdalena-Cauca River basin by a combination of characters related to snout-anal-fin origin length, head length, dorsal-pectoral fin distance, dorsal-fin-hypural distance, postorbital distance, orbital diameter, snout length, number of total vertebrae, pre-dorsal scales, scale rows between anal-fin origin and lateral line, number of branched rays of the anal fin, maxillary teeth number and number and arrangement of hooks on the branched rays of the pectoral and dorsal fins...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659752/performance-of-anal-cytology-compared-with-high-resolution-anoscopy-and-histology-in-women-with-lower-anogenital-tract-neoplasia
#6
Andreia Albuquerque, Michael Sheaff, Oliver Stirrup, Carmelina Cappello, Julie Bowring, Tamzin Cuming, Anke de Masi, Adam N Rosenthal, Mayura Nathan
Background: Information on the performance of anal cytology in women who are high-risk for human papillomavirus-related lesions and the factors that might influence it are largely lacking. Aims: Evaluate the performance of anal cytology in women with lower anogenital tract neoplasia. Methods: retrospective study including all new referrals of women with a previous history of anogenital neoplasia, from January 2012 to July 2017, with concomitant anal cytology and high-resolution anoscopy with or without biopsies...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659751/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-the-quadrivalent-hpv-vaccine-in-hiv-infected-adults-age-27-years-or-older-aids-clinical-trials-group-protocol-a5298
#7
Timothy J Wilkin, Huichao Chen, Michelle S Cespedes, Jorge T Leon-Cruz, Catherine Godfrey, Elizabeth Y Chiao, Barbara Bastow, Jennifer Webster-Cyriaque, Qinghua Feng, Joan Dragavon, Robert W Coombs, Rachel M Presti, Alfred Saah, Ross D Cranston
Background: Adults living with HIV are at increased risk for anal and oropharyngeal cancer caused by human papillomavirus (HPV). The efficacy of HPV vaccines in this population is unknown. Methods: Phase 3, double-blind, randomized controlled trial. We assigned HIV-infected adults age 27 or older to the quadrivalent HPV (Types 6, 11, 16, 18) vaccine or placebo (1:1) stratified by sex and presence of anal high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions on biopsy (bHSIL)...
April 5, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656040/-child-sexual-abuse-description-of-a-french-population-having-consulted-in-a-forensic-medical-service-between-2011-and-2015
#8
M Hauet-Wiedemann, A Wiedemann, A Gatin, E Renaud, L Lapp, A Franchi, L Martrille, A Borsa-Dorion
BACKGROUND: When child sexual abuse (CSA) is suspected, the detection of anogenital anomalies is rare. In France, since 2011, most clinical examinations of children for whom CSA is suspected take place in the forensic medical service (FMS). OBJECTIVES: To describe a population of children examined for suspected CSA in the FMS of the Nancy Regional University Hospital Center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Children under the age of 18 who consulted for suspected CSA in the Nancy FMS between 2011 and 2015 were included...
April 11, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655906/substance-use-and-sex-index-susi-first-stage-development-of-an-assessment-tool-to-measure-behaviour-change-in-sexualised-drug-use-for-substance-use-treatment-studies
#9
Nadine Ezard, Beatrice Webb, Brendan Clifford, Michael E Cecilio, Amanda Jellie, Toby Lea, Craig Rodgers, Simon Ruth, Raimondo Bruno
BACKGROUND: Existing tools for measuring blood-borne virus (BBV) and sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission risk behaviours in substance use interventions have limited capacity to assess risk behaviours across varied social, cultural and epidemiological contexts; have not evolved alongside HIV treatment and prevention innovations; or accounted for sexual contexts of drug use including among a range of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ) sub-communities...
April 11, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655872/-contribution-of-the-scrotal-flap-for-the-coverage-of-ischial-and-perineal-pressure-ulcers
#10
M Vantomme, R Viard, R Aimard, P-L Vincent, J-P Comparin, D Voulliaume
INTRODUCTION: The ischiatric pressure sore is a common pathology in rehabilitated spinal cord injured people, despite careful prevention. Medical treatment by discharge and directed healing is not always sufficient and surgery using local musculocutaneous flaps is often essential. Unfortunately, recidivism is frequent and the availability of local flaps is limited. The scrotal flap is an excellent complement to classic flaps, gluteal flaps or hamstrings. It can be used alone or in addition to another musculocutaneous flap, in first or second intention...
April 11, 2018: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652650/the-alcohol-contexts-of-consent-wanted-sex-sexual-pleasure-and-sexual-assault-results-from-a-probability-survey-of-undergraduate-students
#11
Debby Herbenick, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, J Dennis Fortenberry
OBJECTIVE: To examine, in a probability sample of undergraduate students, characteristics of students' most recent sexual experiences (including alcohol use) as well as their experiences with non-consensual sex. PARTICIPANTS: In January and February 2015, 22,046 students were invited to participate in an anonymous, cross-sectional, Internet-based survey; 7,032 surveys were completed (31.9%). METHODS: Measures included background characteristics (age, gender, sexual orientation), most recent sexual event items (sexual pleasure, wantedness, alcohol use), and experiences with nonconsensual sex (since college and lifetime)...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652190/anal-cytology-institutional-statistics-correlation-with-histology-and-development-of-multidisciplinary-screening-program-with-review-of-the-current-literature
#12
Elizabeth G Morency, Tracey Harbert, Nazneen Fatima, Julia Samolcyzk, Kruti P Maniar, Ritu Nayar
CONTEXT: - The incidence of anal cancer in the United States is on the rise in high-risk populations. The anal Papanicolaou test (APT) is advocated as a screening tool, in addition to digital rectal examination and high-resolution anoscopy. OBJECTIVE: - To review our experience and the current literature to create, in cooperation with clinicians, a standardized screening and treatment algorithm given our large volume of APTs. DATA SOURCES: - All APTs collected between January 2013 and June 2015 were reviewed and correlated with follow-up/concurrent biopsy diagnoses, and clinical and social history...
April 13, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652112/mucopexy-recto-anal-lifting-mu-ral-a-standardized-minimally-invasive-method-of-managing-symptomatic-hemorrhoids-with-an-innovative-suturing-technique-and-the-hemorpex-system%C3%A2
#13
Claudio Pagano, Contardo Vergani, Carlo Invernizzi, Massimo Bussone, Guido Benegiamo, Marco Venturi
BACKGROUND: Conservative surgery of hemorrhoidal disease is less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy, and mucopexy has less risk of serious postoperative complications than stapled hemorrhoidopexy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a standardized, modified hemorrhoidopexy, named Mucopexy-Recto Anal Lifting (MuRAL),with the HemorPex System (HPS) in patients with symptomatic III and IV degree hemorrhoids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were enrolled from May 2013 to Dec 2015 and operated on with the MuRAL technique, based on arterial ligation and mucopexy at 6 locations, using a standardized clockwise/anti-clockwise rotation sequence of the HPS anoscope...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651553/fistulectomy-with-primary-sphincter-reconstruction
#14
Steffen Seyfried, Dieter Bussen, Andreas Joos, Christian Galata, Christel Weiss, Alexander Herold
AIM: Despite modern medical techniques, anatomically proximal (high) anal fistulas are still a challenge in colorectal surgery. In previous years, the standard of care was complete fistulectomy with a high rate of continence disorders. Over the past 20 to 30 years, sphincter-saving procedures have gained wide acceptance. They represent the technique used in these cases. Additionally, many patients received indefinite treatment, namely the placement of a seton to maintain surgical drainage...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650933/-a-case-of-laparoscopic-rectal-amputation-performed-for-anal-gland-mucinous-carcinoma-with-pagetoid-spread
#15
Yohei Nose, Kohei Murata, Yoshinori Kagawa, Takuya Sakamato, Atsushi Naito, Kohei Murakami, Yoshiteru Katsura, Yoshiaki Ohmura, Atsushi Takeno, Shinichi Nakatsuka, Yutaka Takeda, Takeshi Kato, Shigeyuki Tamura
A 69-year-old man was admitted for the growing anal tumor and referred to our hospital. The tumor was about 40mm in size, and by biopsy, he was diagnosed the adenocarcinoma. Based on this diagnosis, abdominoperinealresection and edge resection were performed. Histopathologicalfindings showed mucinous carcinoma originating from analgl and with pagetoid spread. Postoperative chemotherapy was not performed, but 1 year 6 months after the surgery, inguinall ymph node recurrence was found, and lymph node dissection was performed...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650925/-a-case-of-colon-cancer-with-brain-liver-and-lung-metastasis-successfully-treated-with-bevacizumab-plus-xelox-therapy
#16
Tomokazu Tokoro, Keishi Nakamura, Atsushi Hirose, Shinichi Nakanuma, Kohichi Okamoto, Jun Kinoshita, Isamu Makino, Hironori Hayashi, Katsunobu Oyama, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Hiroyuki Takamura, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
The patient was a 57-year-old woman. Preclinical examination of malignant lymphoma revealed 0-I sp type of early rectal cancer in the upper rectum, 20 cm from the anal margin. Endoscopic mucosal resection was performed and positive deep margins were pathologically diagnosed. Additional intestinal resection with lymph node dissection was deemed necessary, but ABVD therapy was initiated because the clinical stage of the malignant lymphoma was Stage III b or higher. Two months after detecting elevated CEA, S8 liver metastasis was pointed out, and examination of weakness of the right upper limb revealed nodular, multifocal brain metastasis...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650924/-endoscopy-assisted-partial-duodenal-resection-for-duodenal-adenoma-in-a-patient-with-familial-adenomatous-polyposis
#17
Tomoaki Hirashima, Shinobu Ohnuma, Hideaki Karasawa, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Hirofumi Imoto, Takeshi Aoki, Katsuyoshi Kudoh, Naoki Tanaka, Munenori Nagao, Hiroaki Musha, Fuyuhiko Motoi, Takashi Kamei, Takeshi Naitoh, Michiaki Unno
We here report a case of endoscopy-assisted partial duodenal resection for duodenal adenoma in a patient with familial adenomatous polyposis(FAP). A male underwent total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis in 1997. Since 2004, duodenal adenomas occurred and the atypical grade of adenoma was gradually aggravated. Therefore, he underwent endoscopy-assisted partial duodenal resection in 2013. The pathological finding of the specimen showed well-differentiated tubular adenocarcinoma(pM, ly0, v0). No recurrence has been observed at 4 years after the operation...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650913/-a-case-of-laparoscopic-hartmann-s-operation-for-perforation-of-rectal-cancer-in-superior-elderly-people
#18
Tomohito Sakai, Koji Soga, Toru Mizutani, Shunji Kato, Shouji Hirashima, Minoru Nishio, Toshimori Koh, Atsushi Oguro, Noboru Nakagawa
We report a case where home discharge was possible after laparoscopic Hartmann's operation for superior elderly perforation of rectal cancer. The patient was 91-year-old, a woman. She was delivered to the emergency room complaining of weakness. We diagnosed rectal perforation and started emergency laparoscopic surgery. Rectal cancer perforation was observed during surgery and laparoscopic Hartmann's operation plus D2 lymph node dissection was performed. The operation time was 3 hours 21 minutes, the blood loss was 10 g...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650894/-chemoradiotherapy-the-standard-treatment-at-present
#19
Sadamoto Zenda
Chemotherapy concurrent with radiotherapy has been widely used in clinical practice because the additional benefit on radiotherapy alone had shown. Head and neck cancer: CDDP concurrent with radiotherapy has been a standard treatment for 15years both in definitive setting and postoperative setting. Esophageal cancer: 5-FU/CDDP is the best partner for radiotherapy and appropriate radiation dose has been discussed. Anal cancer: Radical concurrent chemoradiotherapy with 5-FU and mitomycin C(MMC)remains the standard of care for squamous cell carcinoma of the anus...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650853/-a-case-of-combined-treatment-approach-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-and-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-radiation-induced-rectal-cancer
#20
Toru Miyake, Hiromichi Sonoda, Tomoharu Shimizu, Tomoyuki Ueki, Haruki Mori, Katsushi Takebayashi, Sachiko Kaida, Tsuyoshi Yamaguchi, Hiroya Iida, Hiromitsu Ban, Masaji Tani
It is hard to determine treatment strategy for radiation induced carcinoma, because radiation cause fibrosis to adjacent organ.The patient was in the 70's, who underwent 70 Gy radiation therapy for prostate cancer 5 years ago.He visited hospital because of fecal occult blood.Endoscopic examination revealed laterally spreading tumor(LST)in rectal front wall, and he referred to our hospital in purpose of endoscopic submucosal dissection(ESD).We performed ESD for LST, following transanal minimally invasive surgery to suture mucosal defect...
April 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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