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M A Adejumobi, G O Awe, T P Abegunrin, O M Oyetunji, T S Kareem
Irrigated agriculture is one of the significant contributors to the food security of the millennium development goals (MDGs); however, the modification of soil matrix by irrigation could alter the overall soil health due to changes in soil properties and processes. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of irrigation on soil quality status of the Ikere center pivot irrigation project site in Oyo State, southwest Nigeria. Disturbed soil samples were collected from 0 to 30, 30 to 60, and 60 to 90-cm layers from four different sites in three replicates, within the project location for the determination of soil bio-chemical properties...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Alice Chirico, David B Yaden, Giuseppe Riva, Andrea Gaggioli
The emotion of awe is characterized by the perception of vastness and a need for accommodation, which can include a positive and/or negative valence. While a number of studies have successfully manipulated this emotion, the issue of how to elicit particularly intense awe experiences in laboratory settings remains. We suggest that virtual reality (VR) is a particularly effective mood induction tool for eliciting awe. VR provides three key assets for improving awe. First, VR provides users with immersive and ecological yet controlled environments that can elicit a sense of "presence," the subjective experience of "being there" in a simulated reality...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Lisa M Baldini, James U L Baldini, Jim N McElwaine, Amy Benoit Frappier, Yemane Asmerom, Kam-Biu Liu, Keith M Prufer, Harriet E Ridley, Victor Polyak, Douglas J Kennett, Colin G Macpherson, Valorie V Aquino, Jaime Awe, Sebastian F M Breitenbach
Accurately predicting future tropical cyclone risk requires understanding the fundamental controls on tropical cyclone dynamics. Here we present an annually-resolved 450-year reconstruction of western Caribbean tropical cyclone activity developed using a new coupled carbon and oxygen isotope ratio technique in an exceptionally well-dated stalagmite from Belize. Western Caribbean tropical cyclone activity peaked at 1650 A.D., coincident with maximum Little Ice Age cooling, and decreased gradually until the end of the record in 1983...
November 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
Chiara Concetta Incerti, Ornella Argento, Giuseppe Magistrale, Elisabetta Ferraro, Carlo Caltagirone, Valerio Pisani, Ugo Nocentini
Multiple sclerosis (MS) and working status have recently arisen great interest. Fatigue, physical disability, cognition, and psychological disturbances have been linked to unemployment, as well to accidents during daily activities. The aim of our study was to determine frequency of different types of accidents at workplace (AWE) and possible clinical differences among employed (MSe) and unemployed (MSu) MS patients. Sixty MS patients (31 employed, 29 unemployed) and twenty healthy control subjects were recruited...
October 19, 2016: Neurological Sciences
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Advances in Physiology Education
Piercarlo Valdesolo, Jun Park, Sara Gottlieb
Past research has established a relationship between awe and explanatory frameworks, such as religion. We extend this work, showing (a) the effects of awe on a separate source of explanation: attitudes toward science, and (b) how the effects of awe on attitudes toward scientific explanations depend on individual differences in theism. Across 3 studies, we find consistent support that awe decreases the perceived explanatory power of science for the theistic (Study 1 and 2) and mixed support that awe affects attitudes toward scientific explanations for the nontheistic (Study 3)...
October 2016: Emotion
Derrick P McVicker, Adam M Awe, Karl E Richters, Rebecca L Wilson, Diana A Cowdrey, Xindao Hu, Edwin R Chapman, Erik W Dent
Synaptic plasticity often involves changes in the structure and composition of dendritic spines. Vesicular cargos and organelles enter spines either by exocytosing in the dendrite shaft and diffusing into spines or through a kinesin to myosin hand-off at the base of spines. Here we present evidence for microtubule (MT)-based targeting of a specific motor/cargo pair directly into hippocampal dendritic spines. During transient MT polymerization into spines, the kinesin KIF1A and an associated cargo, synaptotagmin-IV (syt-IV), are trafficked in unison along MTs into spines...
2016: Nature Communications
Pooya Razavi, Jia Wei Zhang, Daniela Hekiert, Seung Hee Yoo, Ryan T Howell
Current research on awe is limited to Western cultures. Thus, whether the measurement, frequency, and consequences of awe will replicate across non-Western cultures remains unanswered. To address this gap, we validated the dispositional awe scale (Shiota, Keltner, & John, 2006) in 4 countries (United States, Iran, Malaysia, and Poland; N = 1,173) with extensive variations in cultural values (i.e., power distance) and personality profiles (i.e., extraversion and openness). Multigroup factor analyses demonstrated that, across all cultures, a 3-factor model that treats awe, amusement, and pride as 3 unique emotions is superior to a single-factor model that clusters all 3 emotions together...
December 2016: Emotion
N Z Shaban, W A Hegazy, S M Abdel-Rahman, O M Awed, S A Khalil
Aromatase inhibitors (AIs) provide novel approaches to the adjuvant therapy for postmenopausal women with estrogen-receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancers. In this study, different plant extracts from Olea europaea leaves (OLE), Sonchus oleraceus L. (SOE) and Mangifera indica peels (MPE) were prepared to identify phytoconstituents and measure antioxidant capacities. The effects of these three extracts on aromatase activity in human placental microsomes were evaluated. Additionally, the effects of these extracts on tissue-specific promoter expression of CYP19A1 gene in cell culture model (MCF-7) were assessed using qRT-PCR...
2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Agustin Vega-Crespo, Brian Truong, Kip J Hermann, Jason P Awe, Katherine M Chang, Patrick C Lee, Benjamen E Schoenberg, Lily Wu, James A Byrne, Gerald S Lipshutz
Pluripotent stem cells offer great therapeutic promise for personalized treatment platforms for numerous injuries, disorders, and diseases. Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) is a key regulatory gene maintaining pluripotency and self-renewal of mammalian cells. With site-specific integration for gene correction in cellular therapeutics, use of the OCT4 promoter may have advantages when expressing a suicide gene if pluripotency remains. However, the human OCT4 promoter region is 4 kb in size, limiting the capacity of therapeutic genes and other regulatory components for viral vectors, and decreasing the efficiency of homologous recombination...
2016: Molecular Therapy. Methods & Clinical Development
Sera Muto
This study examined the action tendencies of respect-related emotions in Japanese university students. Participants (n = 405) randomly received a questionnaire about one of six respect-related emotions: (a) keiai (respect mingled with mild love); (b) shinsui (idolatry worship, and adoration); (c) ifu (awe mingled with fear); (d) kanshin (admiration); (e) kyotan (wonder); and (f) sonkei (respect proper) and were asked to recall a situation they felt the emotion. Next, they rated how much they felt like doing the respect-related (intrapersonal or interpersonal) actions in the situation...
June 2016: Shinrigaku Kenkyu: the Japanese Journal of Psychology
Rafael Freire, Clive J C Phillips, Joy M Verrinder, Teresa Collins, Chris Degeling, Anne Fawcett, Andrew D Fisher, Susan Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Jane Johnson, Janice K F Lloyd, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul D McGreevy
The study of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) as part of veterinary education is important due to increasing community concerns and expectations about this topic, global pressures regarding food security, and the requirements of veterinary accreditation, especially with respect to Day One Competences. To address several key questions regarding the attitudes to AWE of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand (NZ), the authors surveyed the 2014 cohort of these students. The survey aimed (1) to reveal what AWE topics veterinary students in Australia and NZ consider important as Day One Competences, and (2) to ascertain how these priorities align with existing research on how concern for AWE relates to gender and stage of study...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
Clara Awé, Caroline A Gaither, Stephanie Y Crawford, Jami Tieman
Objective. To compare perceived levels of stress, stressors, and academic self-efficacy among students at two multicampus colleges of pharmacy. Methods. A survey instrument using previously validated items was developed and administered to first-year, second-year, and third-year pharmacy students at two universities with multiple campuses in spring 2013. Results. Eight hundred twenty students out of 1115 responded (73.5% response rate). Institutional differences were found in perceived student stress levels, self-efficacy, and stress-related causes...
June 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Mara Simopoulou, Polina Giannelou, Panagiotis Bakas, Laertis Gkoles, Theodoros Kalampokas, Konstantinos Pantos, Michael Koutsilieris
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has become an indispensable procedure of every assisted reproduction unit. This has created as much controversy as it has awe. As this is a multistep invasive technique, every part of the procedure has become subject to investigation. We contribute this review aspiring to offer the embryologist insight into all available approaches of securing an effective ICSI practice. Herein we present all the different approaches with respect to handling of the human oocyte, taking into consideration the important steps of the technique such as the oocyte positioning, timing of performing ICSI, the option of viewing the meiotic spindle and further individual action such as artificial oocyte activation, rescue ICSI and in vitro maturation...
July 2016: In Vivo
Peng Liu, Haikun Qi, Aihua Liu, Xianli Lv, Yuhua Jiang, Xihai Zhao, Rui Li, Bing Lu, Ming Lv, Huijun Chen, Youxiang Li
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Aneurysmal wall enhancement (AWE) has emerged as a new possible biomarker for depicting inflammation of the intracranial aneurysm (IA). However, the relationships of AWE with other risk factors are still unclear for unruptured IA. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between AWE and other risk metrics. METHODS: Forty-eight patients with unruptured saccular IAs diagnosed by digital subtraction angiography were recruited to undergo magnetic resonance (MR) black-blood imaging...
October 2016: Interventional Neuroradiology
Sang-Ahm Lee, Eun-Ju Choi, Soonhak Kwon, Soyong Eom
PURPOSE: We aimed to determine whether adolescents with epilepsy (AWE) have a compromised self-concept, whether a lower self-concept is related to mental health, and whether there are sex differences in self-concept in AWE. METHODS: A total of 179 AWE and 259 control adolescents without epilepsy participated in this cross-sectional, multicenter study. Self-concept was measured using the Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Children. Depressive symptoms and anxiety were assessed by the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS)...
August 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
J Zhang, X Liu
UNLABELLED: Summary OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinicopathological features of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was made of 151 AWE patients, who were treated at Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Fudan University from 2003 to 2010. RESULTS: Most patients (80.1%) presented with cyclic pain and/or cyclic abdominal masses. The latent period of AWE patients was 31.48 ± 28...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
G Poismans, N Tolbize, F Gielen, D Lipombi
Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare type of endometriosis. Its pathophysiological pathways are still unknown. It generally occurs after surgical, mainly gynecological or obstetrical, interventions. The incidence of AWE after a caesarean section is around 0.03 to 0.04%. The symptoms are various, but the classical triad includes the presence of a mass, generally painful, associated with a cyclic variation of the symptomatology. The recommended treatment currently remains complete surgical resection of the mass...
April 2016: Revue Médicale de Liège
Stephanie Y Crawford, Clara Awé, Rima H Tawk, A Simon Pickard
Objective. To examine students' self-perceptions at different stages in a pharmacy curriculum of competence related to serving culturally diverse patients and to compare self-reported competence of a student cohort near the beginning and end of the degree program. Methods. Student perceptions across four pharmacy class years were measured in a cross-sectional survey, with a follow-up longitudinal survey of one cohort three years later. Results. Based on an 81.9% response rate (537/656), scores showed no attitude changes...
May 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Atsushi Murai, Misako Kakiuchi, Takahito Hamano, Misato Kobayashi, Masaoki Tsudzuki, Mikiharu Nakano, Yoichi Matsuda, Fumihiko Horio
In avian species, maternal blood immunoglobulin Y (IgY) is transferred to the egg yolks of maturing oocytes, but the mechanism underlying this transfer is unknown. To gain insight into the mechanism of maternal IgY transfer in quail, we established an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the quantitation of quail IgY. We characterized strain differences in blood and egg yolk IgY concentrations and exogenously injected IgY-Fc uptakes into egg yolks. A specific rabbit polyclonal antibody to quail IgY was raised for the ELISA...
July 2016: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
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