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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730271/intraventricular-extension-of-an-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-is-an-independent-predictor-of-a-worse-functional-outcome
#1
Mario Zanaty, Daichi Nakagawa, Robert M Starke, Enrique C Leira, Edgar A Samaniego, Waldo R Guerrero, James Torner, Yasunori Nagahama, Olatilewa Awe, Jeremy Greenlee, Joseph S Hudson, Lauren Allan, Reem Elwy, Nohra Chalouhi, Pascal Jabbour, Royce Woodroffe, Anthony Piscopo, David Hasan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the impact of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) on the cognitive prognosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to ruptured cerebral aneurysm, independent of the presence of intraparenchymal hemorrhage, hydrocephalus or vasospasm. PATIENT AND METHODS: A Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of patients with aneurysmal SAH from July 2009 to November 2016 was performed. Patients were included if they had a saccular aneurysm with a Hunt-Hess grade (HHG) 1-3...
April 30, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708042/the-epidemiology-of-5-methoxy-n-n-dimethyltryptamine-5-meo-dmt-use-benefits-consequences-patterns-of-use-subjective-effects-and-reasons-for-consumption
#2
Alan K Davis, Joseph P Barsuglia, Rafael Lancelotta, Robert M Grant, Elise Renn
BACKGROUND/AIM: 5-Methoxy- N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-MeO-DMT) is a psychoactive compound found in several plants and in high concentrations in Bufo alvarius toad venom. Synthetic, toad, and plant-sourced 5-MeO-DMT are used for spiritual and recreational purposes and may have psychotherapeutic effects. However, the use of 5-MeO-DMT is not well understood. Therefore, we examined patterns of use, motivations for consumption, subjective effects, and potential benefits and consequences associated with 5-MeO-DMT use...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706916/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-adaptive-functions-of-music-listening-scale
#3
Jenny M Groarke, Michael J Hogan
Music listening may serve many adaptive functions in everyday life. However, studies examining the relationship between the functions of music listening (FML) and wellbeing outcomes have produced mixed findings. The purpose of this study is to develop a new measure to assess music listening functions that is psychometrically robust, and suitable for outcomes-based research on music listening and wellbeing. Scale items were developed based on a literature review and a prior qualitative enquiry. The items were reviewed by four content experts in music psychology and scale development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684711/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-activity-in-the-comorbidity-between-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-major-depression
#4
Javier Labad, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Cinto Segalàs, Eva Real, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Alex Ferrer, José M Crespo, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Carles Soriano-Mas, Pino Alonso, José M Menchón
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is the most common psychiatric comorbidity in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis abnormalities have been described in both disorders and might play a role in the association between them. We aimed to study the role of HPA axis activity in the comorbidity between OCD and MDD, while controlling for psychopathological dimensions such as anxiety and depressive symptoms. We studied 324 participants belonging to four diagnostic groups: 1) MDD (n = 101), 2) OCD with comorbid MDD (n = 33), 3) OCD without MDD (n = 52), and 4) healthy subjects (n = 138)...
April 14, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672103/affective-and-cognitive-validation-of-thoughts-an-appraisal-perspective-on-anger-disgust-surprise-and-awe
#5
Pablo Briñol, Richard E Petty, Maria Stavraki, Grigorios Lamprinakos, Benjamin Wagner, Darío Díaz
Anger, disgust, surprise, and awe are multifaceted emotions. Both anger and disgust are associated with feeling unpleasant as well as experiencing a sense of confidence, whereas surprise and awe tend to be more pleasant emotions that are associated with doubt. Most prior work has examined how appraisals (confidence, pleasantness) lead people to experience different emotions or to experience different levels of intensity within the same emotion. Instead, the current research focused on the consequences (rather the antecedents) of appraisals of emotion, and it focuses specifically on the consequences for thought usage rather than the consequences for generating many or few thoughts...
May 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666829/allowing-awe-in-life
#6
EDITORIAL
Daniel E Epner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643736/desmoid-fibromatosis-of-the-lower-abdominal-wall-in-irrua-nigeria
#7
Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe, Sylvester Eluehike
Desmoid fibromatosis (desmoid tumors) is rare tumors. It can occur as intra-abdominal, extraabdominal, or abdominal wall tumor depending on the site. The abdominal wall type is usually sporadic, but few have been associated with familial adenomatous polyposis. They are commonly seen in young females who are pregnant with a history of the previous cesarean section scar or within the 1st year of the last childbirth. There is an association between this tumor, presence of estrogen receptors, and abdominal trauma...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643732/cutaneous-cancers-in-nigerian-albinos-a-review-of-22-cases
#8
Oluwafemi Olasupo Awe, Terence Akhator Azeke
Context: Albinism is an inherited disorder of hypopigmentation involving the skin, eyes, and hair. This disorder results in the absence or reduction in melanin production. There are two main types of albinism which are ocular albinism and oculocutaneous albinism. It could also be classified as syndromic or nonsyndromic the melanin, which protects from the harmful effect of ultraviolet radiation of the sun on the normal skin, is deficient in the albino, predisposing them more, to cutaneous malignancies...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595288/drawing-inferences-from-emotion-expressions-the-role-of-situative-informativeness-and-context
#9
Shlomo Hareli, Shimon Elkabetz, Ursula Hess
How people react emotionally to an event can tell us much about the event itself. However, emotions vary in their situative informativeness, that is, in how much information about the situation they provide. We predicted that when emotions are shown that are low in situative informativeness participants rely more on context information, then when the emotions shown are high in situative informativeness. This hypothesis was tested in 2 studies in which participants were asked to evaluate the quality of a player's performance based on the emotional reactions of spectators to an unknown ball game...
March 29, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580310/taking-spectacle-seriously-wildlife-film-and-the-legacy-of-natural-history-display
#10
Eleanor Louson
Argument I argue through an analysis of spectacle that the relationship between wildlife documentary films' entertainment and educational mandates is complex and co-constitutive. Accuracy-based criticism of wildlife films reveals assumptions of a deficit model of science communication and positions spectacle as an external commercial pressure influencing the genre. Using the Planet Earth (2006) series as a case study, I describe spectacle's prominence within the recent blue-chip renaissance in wildlife film, resulting from technological innovations and twenty-first-century consumer and broadcast market contexts...
March 2018: Science in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524719/morphological-parameters-related-to-aneurysm-wall-enhancement-in-patients-with-multiple-intracranial-aneurysms
#11
Nan Lv, Haishuang Tang, Shiyue Chen, Xinrui Wang, Yibin Fang, Christof Karmonik, Qinghai Huang, Jianmin Liu
BACKGROUND: Vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been suggested as a potential in vivo method to detect inflammation of aneurysm wall and identify unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) at high risk for rupture. This study aims to investigate the correlation between aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) on vessel wall MRI and rupture-related morphological parameters in patients with multiple UIAs. METHODS: Clinical data and vessel wall MRI images were reviewed in 14 patients with 30 multiple UIAs...
March 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506755/lasalle-d-leffall-jr-m-d-the-man-and-the-mission
#12
Edward E Cornwell
On March 19-20, 2017; Howard University hosted a Festschrift inspired by Dr. Leffall's writings (Fig. 1). The celebrants highlighted the broad spectrum of Dr. Leffall's contributions in mentorship, leadership in American Surgery, breast cancer, endocrine cancer, pancreatic cancer, and familial polyposis coli. Perhaps most inspirational was the awe inspiring consistency the presenters demonstrated in describing the personal characteristics Dr. Leffall brings to his academic discourse: his encyclopedic knowledge and recall, his charm, eloquence, humility, and his total dedication to the patient, his students, and trainees...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504449/psychometric-adaptation-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-as-a-self-rated-suicide-risk-screening-instrument-among-nigerian-university-students
#13
Olutayo Aloba, Oluwatosin Awe, Aderopo Adelola, Philemon Olatunji, Tolulope Aloba
BACKGROUND: Globally, suicide is the most important cause of mortality among adolescents and young adults. The factor that correlates most significantly with suicide is hopelessness. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to explore the psychometric adaptation of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) as a suicide risk evaluation tool among Nigerian university students. DESIGN: A total of 554 Nigerian students completed the BHS and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491497/assessing-students-impressions-of-the-cultural-awareness-of-pharmacy-faculty-and-students
#14
Nicholas G Popovich, Clara Okorie-Awé, Stephanie Y Crawford, Fabricio E Balcazar, Rosalyn P Vellurattil, Terry W Moore, Allison E Schriever
Objective. To determine pharmacy students' impressions of their faculty's interactions with diverse student and patient populations. Methods. Three student focus groups were convened. Eighty-four page transcripts were coded, and emergent themes were identified by qualitative analysis. Results. Students defined diversity as multidimensional beyond traditional categories. Emergent themes were faculty awareness or lack of awareness of cultural diversity, disparate cultural perspectives and preferences within student groups, teaching/learning approaches to prepare students to be more culturally competent, and student group dynamics...
February 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489968/stendhal-syndrome-a-clinical-and-historical-overview
#15
Leonardo Palacios-Sánchez, Juan Sebastián Botero-Meneses, Rocío Plazas Pachón, Laura Bibiana Pineros Hernández, Juanita Del Pilar Triana-Melo, Santiago Ramírez-Rodríguez
It could be argued that one of the few unifying qualities all human beings share is the ability to appreciate beauty. While the object of beauty may change from one person to another, the awe and the thrill experienced by an enthralled beholder remains the same. Sometimes, this experience can be so overwhelming it can bring someone to the edge of existence. A very rare condition, known as aesthetic syndrome and, more commonly, Stendhal syndrome, entails a clinical phenomenon in which the presence of a beautiful piece of work or architecture causes dysautonomic symptoms such as tachycardia, diaphoresis, chest pains and loss of consciousness...
February 2018: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427025/telemedicine-in-general-neurology-use-of-audiovisual-consultation-for-on-call-back-up-service-in-an-acute-care-hospital
#16
Frank Janssen, Mohammed Awadallah, Awed Alhalabi, Barbara Körber, Reinhard Lang, Mateusz Scibor, René Handschu
OBJECTIVE: While telemedicine is in expanding use in acute stroke care, little is known about its use in general neurology, especially in acute care. We sought to investigate the feasibility and possible effects of a telemedicine device within the neurological back-up service of an acute care hospital. METHODS: In a 450 bed academic teaching hospital an experienced neurologist (EN) is on call to support the junior doctor at the hospital. Support was possible whether by standard telephone advice (TA) or by audiovisual consultations (AVC)...
April 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285999/the-clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-approach-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-a-case-series-of-14-women
#17
Faik Tatli, Orhan Gozeneli, Hacer Uyanikoglu, Ali Uzunkoy, Huseyin Cahit Yalcın, Abdullah Ozgonul, Osman Bardakci, Adnan Incebiyik, Muhammet Emin Guldur
Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare form of endometriosis that usually develops in the scar after cesarean section (CS). Recently, the occurrence of AWE has been increasing together with the increase of CS incidence. AWE can be clinically misdiagnosed as hernia, lipoma, or hematoma. Here we retrospectively analyzed the clinical aspects of AWE and surgical approach in 14 patients from a tertiary hospital, who were treated by surgery, between 2012 and 2017. The mean age was 32.71 ± 8.61 years (range: 19-45)...
December 29, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283921/a-simulation-study-to-evaluate-improvements-in-anesthesia-work-environment-contamination-after-implementation-of-an-infection-prevention-bundle
#18
Grete H Porteous, Helen A Bean, Crystal M Woodward, Ryan P Beecher, Jennifer R Bernstein, Sarah Wilkerson, Ian Porteous, Robert L Hsiung
BACKGROUND: Microbiological contamination of the anesthesia work environment (AWE) is a potential source of health care-associated infections. Medication syringes, stopcocks, and many other areas are routinely contaminated during anesthetic care, and adherence to hand hygiene recommendations is poor. Using a simulation model, we investigated whether AWE contamination could be reduced by implementing an intervention bundle focused on infection prevention. METHODS: Twenty-five anesthesia providers were enrolled in this nonrandomized simulation scenario crossover design study...
December 26, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197920/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-an-update-in-clinical-imagistic-features-and-management-options
#19
REVIEW
Mihaela Grigore, Demetra Socolov, Ioana Pavaleanu, Ioana Scripcariu, Ana Maria Grigore, Romeo Micu
Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare condition defined by the presence of endometrial tissue in the subcutaneous fatty layer and the muscles of the abdominal wall. It is usually caused by the dissemination of endometrial tissue in the wound at the time of obstetrical and gynecological surgeries. AWE is rare and difficult to diagnose. The most frequent clinical presentation is that of a palpable subcutaneous mass near surgical scars associated with cyclic pain and swelling during menses. AWE may be an underreported pathology partly because it has scarcely received attention in the radiologic literature...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177702/-bruch-s-membrane-opening-minimum-rim-width-correlation-and-diagnostic-accuracy-in-comparison-to-peripapillary-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-thickness
#20
M Awe, S Khalili-Amiri, I R Volkmann, B Junker, C Framme, K Hufendiek
BACKGROUND: Glaucoma is one of the main causes of blindness in the Western hemisphere. Because the disease often painlessly progresses it remains unnoticed until major optic nerve head damage occurs in many cases. That is why new, more sensitive diagnostic methods are needed. Bruch's membrane opening minimum rim width (BMO-MRW), measured with the new glaucoma module premium edition (GMPE) was recently introduced as a more accurate tool to detect glaucomatous changes. The purpose of this study was to assess the correlation of SPECTRALIS® spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and the GMPE anatomic positioning module (APS module) for retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) measurements...
November 24, 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
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