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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406382/reading-what-the-mind-thinks-from-how-the-eye-sees
#1
Daniel H Lee, Adam K Anderson
Human eyes convey a remarkable variety of complex social and emotional information. However, it is unknown which physical eye features convey mental states and how that came about. In the current experiments, we tested the hypothesis that the receiver's perception of mental states is grounded in expressive eye appearance that serves an optical function for the sender. Specifically, opposing features of eye widening versus eye narrowing that regulate sensitivity versus discrimination not only conveyed their associated basic emotions (e...
April 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396995/mid-term-outcomes-after-percutaneous-cryoablation-of-symptomatic-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-comparison-with-surgery-alone-in-a-single-institution
#2
Julie Maillot, Jean Luc Brun, Vincent Dubuisson, Marc Bazot, Nicolas Grenier, François H Cornelis
OBJECTIVES: To compare the outcomes of percutaneous image-guided cryoablation of symptomatic abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) versus surgery alone. METHODS: From 2004 to 2016, cryoablation or surgery alone was performed under local (n = 5) or general anaesthesia (n = 15) for AWE in a single institution in 7 (mean age, 36.1 years) and 13 (mean age, 31.9 years) patients, respectively. Fifteen lesions were treated by cryoablation (mean size, 2.3 cm; range, 0...
April 10, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392305/engineering-self-assembled-materials-to-study-and-direct-immune-function
#3
Lisa H Tostanoski, Christopher M Jewell
The immune system is an awe-inspiring control structure that maintains a delicate and constantly changing balance between pro-immune functions that fight infection and cancer, regulatory or suppressive functions involved in immune tolerance, and homeostatic resting states. These activities are determined by integrating signals in space and time; thus, improving control over the densities, combinations, and durations with which immune signals are delivered is a central goal to better combat infectious disease, cancer, and autoimmunity...
April 6, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391411/empathy-engagement-entrainment-the-interaction-dynamics-of-aesthetic-experience
#4
Ingar Brinck
A recent version of the view that aesthetic experience is based in empathy as inner imitation explains aesthetic experience as the automatic simulation of actions, emotions, and bodily sensations depicted in an artwork by motor neurons in the brain. Criticizing the simulation theory for committing to an erroneous concept of empathy and failing to distinguish regular from aesthetic experiences of art, I advance an alternative, dynamic approach and claim that aesthetic experience is enacted and skillful, based in the recognition of others' experiences as distinct from one's own...
April 8, 2017: Cognitive Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347673/move-me-astonish-me%C3%A2-delight-my-eyes-and-brain-the-vienna-integrated-model-of-top-down-and-bottom-up-processes-in-art-perception-vimap-and-corresponding-affective-evaluative-and-neurophysiological-correlates
#5
REVIEW
Matthew Pelowski, Patrick S Markey, Michael Forster, Gernot Gerger, Helmut Leder
This paper has a rather audacious purpose: to present a comprehensive theory explaining, and further providing hypotheses for the empirical study of, the multiple ways by which people respond to art. Despite common agreement that interaction with art can be based on a compelling, and occasionally profound, psychological experience, the nature of these interactions is still under debate. We propose a model, The Vienna Integrated Model of Art Perception (VIMAP), with the goal of resolving the multifarious processes that can occur when we perceive and interact with visual art...
February 27, 2017: Physics of Life Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252826/making-space-for-spirituality-in-childbirth
#6
EDITORIAL
Colm OBoyle, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins
In this editorial we consider the relationship between spirituality and childbirth and highlight potential gaps in both national and international understandings and research in the field of maternity care. We believe, as many do, that childbirth is a deeply spiritual experience (Bélanger-Lévesque et al. 2016). To desire to be pregnant, to give birth and to become a mother (or parent) reflects the very essence of what it is to be human and to want to derive meaning from the human experience through recreation...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244302/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-following-cesarean-section-a-study-of-the-growth-rate-of-parietal-endometriosis-implants
#7
Salma Touleimat, Basma Darwish, Maud Vassilieff, Emanuela Stochino Loi, Clotilde Hennetier, Horace Roman
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to estimate the growth rate of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) following Cesarean Section (CS), in order to potentially identify a growth model of endometriosis in vivo. METHODS: This monocentric, retrospective study included 23 patients presenting 26 nodules of post-CS AWE treated by surgical excision. Nodule surface and volume, time-lapse between surgery and AWE as well as the contraception used were noted. A comparison between nodules' features was performed depending on hormonal Vs...
February 27, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230393/going-off-script-effects-of-awe-on-memory-for-script-typical-and-irrelevant-narrative-detail
#8
Alexander F Danvers, Michelle N Shiota
People often filter their experience of new events through knowledge they already have; for example, encoding new events by relying on prototypical event "scripts" at the expense of actual details. Previous research suggests that positive affect often increases this tendency. Three studies assessed whether awe-an emotion elicited by perceived vastness, and thought to promote cognitive accommodation-has the opposite effect, reducing rather than increasing reliance on event scripts. True/false questions on details of a short story about a romantic dinner were used to determine whether awe (a) reduces the tendency to impute script-consistent but false details into memory, and/or (b) promotes memory of unexpected details...
February 23, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218772/diagnosis-and-management-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-a-systematic-review-and-clinical-recommendations
#9
REVIEW
Noah B Rindos, Suketu Mansuria
Importance: Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare but easily treated cause of pain in women, especially those who have undergone cesarean deliveries. Objective: This article reviews the diagnosis and management of AWE, a condition that generally develops after surgery but may arise spontaneously. We present a systematic review of the existing literature on AWE, as well as our clinical recommendations for medical and surgical management. Evidence Acquisition: We searched PubMed and other databases using the search criteria "abdominal wall endometriosis," "abdominal wall endometriomas," and "abdominal wall mass...
February 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202223/filtration-based-enrichment-of-circulating-tumor-cells-from-all-prostate-cancer-risk-groups
#10
Julius Adebayo Awe, Jeff Saranchuk, Darrel Drachenberg, Sabine Mai
OBJECTIVE: To combine circulating tumor cell (CTC) isolation by filtration and immunohistochemistry to investigate the presence of CTCs in low, intermediate, and high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). CTCs isolated from these risk groups stained positive for both cytokeratin and androgen receptors, but negative for CD45. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Blood samples from 41 biopsy confirmed patients with PCa at different clinical stages such as low, intermediate, and high risk were analyzed...
February 12, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184194/eeg-correlates-of-ten-positive-emotions
#11
Xin Hu, Jianwen Yu, Mengdi Song, Chun Yu, Fei Wang, Pei Sun, Daifa Wang, Dan Zhang
Compared with the well documented neurophysiological findings on negative emotions, much less is known about positive emotions. In the present study, we explored the EEG correlates of ten different positive emotions (joy, gratitude, serenity, interest, hope, pride, amusement, inspiration, awe, and love). A group of 20 participants were invited to watch 30 short film clips with their EEGs simultaneously recorded. Distinct topographical patterns for different positive emotions were found for the correlation coefficients between the subjective ratings on the ten positive emotions per film clip and the corresponding EEG spectral powers in different frequency bands...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152891/with-quality-and-safety-for-all-risking-optimal-care-with-vip-patients
#12
(no author information available yet)
142 Background: The person deemed a VIP is generally considered differentiated from the average person by virtue of fame, notoriety (positive or negative), or success through talent, tenacity or simple luck. Because society often views VIPs as special, this can generate strong feelings ranging from excitement and awe to resentment in those who encounter a VIP. VIPs and/or their entourage may request or demand special attention. The unique factors associated with caring for a VIP can jeopardize patient safety and optimal care of the VIP patient...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120664/how-to-set-clear-goals-and-achieve-them
#13
Mandy Day-Calder
Do you sometimes look at your colleagues and think everyone else is achieving more? Are you in awe of some nurses' ability to stick to plans and remain unfazed? Well, rest assured, you are not alone.
January 25, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107483/genetic-divergence-in-domestic-japanese-quail-inferred-from-mitochondrial-dna-d-loop-and-microsatellite-markers
#14
Mitsuo Nunome, Mikiharu Nakano, Ryo Tadano, Ryoka Kawahara-Miki, Tomohiro Kono, Shinji Takahashi, Takaharu Kawashima, Akira Fujiwara, Keijiro Nirasawa, Makoto Mizutani, Yoichi Matsuda
To assess the genetic diversity of domestic Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica) populations, and their genetic relationships, we examined mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop sequences and microsatellite markers for 19 Japanese quail populations. The populations included nine laboratory lines established in Japan (LWC, Quv, RWN, WE, AWE, AMRP, rb-TKP, NIES-L, and W), six meat-type quail lines reimported from Western countries (JD, JW, Estonia, NIES-Br, NIES-Fr, and NIES-Hn), one commercial population in Japan, and three wild quail populations collected from three Asian areas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063375/identifying-the-barriers-to-antiepileptic-drug-adherence-among-adults-with-epilepsy
#15
REVIEW
Geraldine O' Rourke, Julie Jordan O' Brien
PURPOSE: To identify the barriers to antiepileptic drug (AED) adherence among adults with epilepsy (AWE). The impact of AED non-adherence on quality of life (QoL) was also examined. METHOD: Systematic design (SR) study. A search strategy was undertaken with no time limits, for articles published in English, in MEDLINE, CINANL, PsycINFO, EMBASE, Cochrane databases and grey literature sources. Eligibility criteria included participants with epilepsy over 18 years, who were prescribed AEDs...
February 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041712/broken-heart-tako-tsubo-or-stress-cardiomyopathy-metaphors-meanings-and-their-medical-impact
#16
REVIEW
Thomas Efferth, Mita Banerjee, Norbert W Paul
The cardiac impact of psychological stress historically and socially understood as boundary experiences of human life has long since become an icon. From the aching heart to the sudden death provoked by awe, horror, grief, anger, and humiliation on one side and extreme enchantment, enthusiasm, and excitement on the other, the broken heart has become a globally recognized and powerful metaphor present from folklore to popular culture to high literature and back to everyday communication. In medicine, the "broken heart syndrome" is described as a relatively new nosological entity that has been used synonymously with the term tako-tsubo or stress cardiomyopathy...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028381/intraocular-pressure-changes-with-positioning-during-laparoscopy
#17
Adewale O Adisa, Oluwatoyin H Onakpoya, Anthony T Adenekan, Oluwaseun O Awe
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pneumoperitoneum during laparoscopy can produce changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) that may be influenced by several factors. In this study, we investigated changes in IOP during laparoscopy with different positioning. METHODS: We recruited adult patients without eye disease scheduled to undergo laparoscopic operation requiring a reverse Trendelenburg tilt (rTr; group A; n = 20) or Trendelenburg tilt (Tr; Group B; n = 20). IOP was measured at 7 time points (T1-T7)...
October 2016: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004137/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-differentiation-from-other-masses-using-ct-features
#18
Gail Yarmish, Evis Sala, Debra A Goldman, Yulia Lakhman, Robert A Soslow, Hedvig Hricak, Ginger J Gardner, H Alberto Vargas
PURPOSE: To assess the utility of morphologic and quantitative CT features in differentiating abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) from other masses of the abdominal wall. METHODS: Retrospective IRB-approved study of 105 consecutive women from two institutions who underwent CT and biopsy/resection of abdominal wall masses. CTs were independently reviewed by two radiologists blinded to final histopathologic diagnoses. Associations between CT features and pathology were tested using Fisher's Exact Test...
December 21, 2016: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956006/dynamics-of-three-dimensional-telomere-profiles-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-patients-with-high-risk-prostate-cancer-who-are-undergoing-androgen-deprivation-and-radiation-therapies
#19
Landon Wark, Thomas Klonisch, Julius Awe, Cecile LeClerc, Brandon Dyck, Harvey Quon, Sabine Mai
INTRODUCTION: Accurate assessment and monitoring of the therapeutic efficacy of locally advanced prostate cancer remains a major clinical challenge. Contrary to prostate biopsies, circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are a cellular source repeatedly obtainable by blood sampling and could serve as a surrogate marker for treatment efficacy. In this study, we used size-based filtration to isolate and enumerate CTCs from the blood of 20 patients with high-risk (any one of cT3, Gleason 8-10, or prostate-specific antigen>20ng/ml), nonmetastatic, and treatment-naive prostate cancer before and after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) and radiation therapy (RT)...
March 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942100/abdominal-wall-endometrioma-our-experience-in-vladimir-russia
#20
Mahir Gachabayov, Roman Horta, Dmitriy Afanasyev, Timur Gilyazov
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is defined as an estrogen-dependent, benign inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of ectopic endometrial implants. Abdominal wall endometrioma (AWE) being a rare entity is a benign tumor defined as ectopic functional, endometrial tissue located in the abdominal wall. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 23 female patients treated with AWE in four departments of three centers in Vladimir city, Russia, from January 2010 to December 2014 was performed...
November 2016: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
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