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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896881/nympho-hymenal-tear-a-distinctive-entity
#1
Giang Huong Nguyen, Nicklaus Lang, Stephan Lautenschlager
Vulvar fissures are linear tears extending into the dermis. When in the posterior fourchette, it is known as granuloma fissuratum plicae labioalveolaris, or vulvar granuloma fissuratum, a term first described by Sutton et al. in 1932. (1) The other pattern are small fissures occurring at other vulvar locations, and sexually active patients report entry dyspareunia. (2-8) In majority of cases, vulvar fissures are secondary findings in a plethora of inflammatory dermatoses or infections, rarely, can occur as primary findings without any apparent causes...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857876/the-anterolateral-limit-of-the-occipital-lobe-an-anatomical-and-imaging-study
#2
Cassius Vinicius C Reis, Kaan Yagmurlu, Ali M Elhadi, Alexander Dru, Ting Lei, Sebastião N S Gusmão, Uédson Tazinaffo, Joseph M Zabramski, Robert F Spetzler, Mark C Preul
Objectives The boundaries of the temporal lobe, the parietal lobe, and the anterior portion of the occipital lobe (OL) are poorly defined. Lesions in these areas can be difficult to localize. Therefore, we studied the anterolateral limit of the OL to identify reliable anatomical landmarks. Design In 10 formalin-fixed cadaveric heads, the boundaries of the OL and relative anatomical landmarks were studied. Main Outcome Measures Distances between the following structures were measured: (1) preoccipital tentorial plica (POTP) to the junction between lambdoid suture and superior border of the transverse sinus (POTP-SL), (2) POTP to the sinodural angle of Citelli (POTP-PP), (3) lambda to parietooccipital sulcus (L-POS), and (4) preoccipital notch to termination of the vein of Labbé (PON-VL)...
December 2016: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761630/long-term-results-after-arthroscopic-resection-of-medial-plicae-of-the-knee-a-prospective-study
#3
Radu Prejbeanu, Dan V Poenaru, Andrei Dan Balanescu, Mihail-Lazar Mioc
PURPOSE: The medial plica (MP) is a normal anatomic structure consisting of a fold in the synovial layer of the joint. Arthroscopic resection is currently used as a gold standard procedure in patients with medial plica syndrome (MPS), but there are few prospective studies that analyze the long-term functional outcomes of plica resection. METHODS: The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the long-term results of arthroscopic resection of the medial plicae of the knee...
October 20, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736701/mri-findings-of-isolated-tubal-torsions-case-series-of-12-patients-mri-findings-suggesting-isolated-tubal-torsions-correlating-with-surgical-findings
#4
Mari Sakuragi, Aki Kido, Yuki Himoto, Yusuke Onishi, Kaori Togashi
PURPOSE: To investigate specific MRI findings for the prompt diagnosis of tubal torsion by reviewing 12 cases. METHODS: The MRI findings presenting surgically and pathologically proven isolated tubal torsion were evaluated. RESULTS: Key specific findings, including whirlpool sign and plicae tubaliae, were frequently associated with the diseases and were grouped for three types. CONCLUSION: Knowledge of specific MRI findings and the types of tubal torsion may lead to a correct and prompt diagnosis, resulting in preservation of fertility...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708504/carboniferous-onychophora-from-montceau-les-mines-france-and-onychophoran-terrestrialization
#5
Russell J Garwood, Gregory D Edgecombe, Sylvain Charbonnier, Dominique Chabard, Daniel Sotty, Gonzalo Giribet
The geological age of the onychophoran crown-group, and when the group came onto land, have been sources of debate. Although stem-group Onychophora have been identified from as early as the Cambrian, the sparse record of terrestrial taxa from before the Cretaceous is subject to contradictory interpretations. A Late Carboniferous species from the Mazon Creek biota of the USA, Helenodora inopinata, originally interpreted as a crown-group onychophoran, has recently been allied to early Cambrian stem-group taxa...
September 2016: Invertebrate Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667958/how-reliably-can-northeast-atlantic-sand-lances-of-the-genera-ammodytes-and-hyperoplus-be-distinguished-a-comparative-application-of-morphological-and-molecular-methods
#6
Ralf Thiel, Thomas Knebelsberger
Accurate stock assessments for each of the dominant species of sand lances in the northeast Atlantic Ocean and adjacent areas are not available due to the lack of a reliable identification procedure; therefore, appropriate measures of fisheries management or conservation of sand lances cannot be implemented. In this study, detailed morphological and molecular features are assessed to discriminate between four species of sand lances belonging to the genera Ammodytes and Hyperoplus. Morphological characters described by earlier authors as useful for identification of the genera are confirmed, and two additional distinguishing characters are added...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666183/assessment-of-anterior-subcutaneous-hypersignal-on-proton-density-weighted-mr-imaging-of-the-knee-and-relationship-with-anterior-knee-pain
#7
E N Unlu, Y Turhan, D M Kos, A A Safak
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of anterior subcutaneous hypersignal indicating edema on proton-density (PD)-weighted MRI of the knee and to determine whether reporting anterior edema is clinically relevant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and ninety-one knee MRIs from 162 patients were reviewed for anterior subcutaneous edema. There were 92 men and 70 women with a mean age of 41.72years±13.92 (SD) (range, 15-80years) years and a mean body weight of 75...
September 22, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601869/dermatosis-neglecta-and-plica-polonica-in-schizophrenia-rarely-encountered-or-rarely-discussed
#8
Sujita Kumar Kar, Jyoti Singh, Pooja Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580311/acute-hair-matting-case-report-and-trichoscopy-findings
#9
S S Martins, L S Abraham, I Doche, B M Piraccini, C Vincenzi, A Tosti
Acute hair matting (AHM) is a rare condition presenting as a compact mass with irregular twists and severely entangled hairs abruptly formed in the scalp. First reported as "plica neuropathica" by Le Page in 1884, the condition was thought to be due to hysteria(1) . However, the term "plica polonica" was also very prevalent in Poland in the 19(th) century, when the polish custom of wearing tight fur caps and not washing the hair contributed to a filthy and malodorous compact mass, usually associated with lice infection and inflammation in the scalp (2) ...
August 31, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578592/-long-term-outcomes-of-arthroscopy-and-non-surgical-therapy-in-patients-with-knee-synovial-plica-syndrome
#10
Hong-Bin Luo, Xing-Lun Feng, Chang-Nan Wei, Jian-Qiang Wen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the long-term outcomes of arthroscopy and non-surgical therapy in patients with knee synovial plica syndrome (SPS). METHODS: Thirty-one patients with knee SPS undergoing arthroscopic surgery and 27 SPS patients undergoing conservative treatment with articular cavity injection of sodium hyaluronate (control group) were compared for visual pain score (VAS) and the Lysholm score before and after the operation. The patients were followed-up for more than 5 years, and the long-term outcomes were compared using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27538047/mri-of-lower-extremity-impingement-and-friction-syndromes-in-children
#11
Üstün Aydıngöz, Zeynep Maraş Özdemir, Altan Güneş, Fatma Bilge Ergen
Although generally more common in adults, lower extremity impingement and friction syndromes are also observed in the pediatric age group. Encompassing femoroacetabular impingement, iliopsoas impingement, subspine impingement, and ischiofemoral impingement around the hip; patellar tendon-lateral femoral condyle friction syndrome; iliotibial band friction syndrome; and medial synovial plica syndrome in the knee as well as talocalcaneal impingement on the hindfoot, these syndromes frequently cause pain and may mimic other, and occasionally more ominous, conditions in children...
November 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27508338/use-of-ct-to-evaluate-and-compare-intranasal-features-in-brachycephalic-and-normocephalic-dogs
#12
M Auger, K Alexander, G Beauchamp, M Dunn
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare nasal mucosal contact, septal deviation and caudal aberrant nasal turbinates in brachycephalic and normocephalic dogs using computed tomography. METHODS: Dogs without nasal disease and having undergone computed tomography scan of the head (plica alaris to the cribiform plate) were retrospectively selected and divided into brachycephalic and normocephalic groups. Eighteen brachycephalic and 32 normocephalic dogs were included. Anatomic criteria were used to locate predetermined pairs of intranasal structures and nasal mucosal contact was described as present or absent for each site...
October 2016: Journal of Small Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465873/-effects-of-antimicrobial-peptide-ll-37-expressed-and-purified-from-prokaryotes-in-the-murine-model-of-vaginal-candidiasis
#13
F Wang, Y Huo, L R Yin, B Sun, P P Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of antimicrobial peptide LL-37 expressed and purified from prokaryotes on candida albicans growth. METHODS: (1)Thirty female Kunming mice were treated with estrogen and white candida yeast suspension were poured into vagina to establish a vulvovaginal candidiasis(VVC)murine model. After successful establishing the VVC mouse model, mice were randomly sorted into test group(n=15)and control group(n=15). Suspension(30 μl, 100 μg/ml)of recombinant peptide LL-37 expressed and purified in Prokaryotes was given by intravaginal administration to the test group for 5 days, while the same amount of phosphate buffered saline(PBS)was given to the control group...
July 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27413494/correlations-between-histopathologic-changes-and-clinical-features-in-pterygia
#14
Hamid Safi, Ahmad Kheirkhah, Mirgholamreza Mahbod, Saber Molaei, Hassan Hashemi, Mahmoud Jabbarvand
PURPOSE: To investigate the correlations between clinical findings and histopathologic changes in eyes with pterygium. METHODS: This prospective study included 70 eyes with primary pterygia undergoing surgical excision. Prior to surgery, clinical features of the pterygia including extension over the cornea, redness, fleshiness (based on obscuration of the underlying episcleral vessels), and obliteration of the plica semilunaris were determined. Postoperatively, pterygium specimens were examined by hematoxylin-eosin and trichrome staining to evaluate histopathologic characteristics including vascular density, leukocytic infiltration, stromal elastosis, stromal fibrosis and subepithelial fibrosis...
April 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354971/urinary-capillariosis-in-six-dogs-from-italy
#15
A Mariacher, F Millanta, G Guidi, S Perrucci
Canine urinary capillariosis is caused by the nematode Pearsonema plica. P. plica infection is seldomly detected in clinical practice mainly due to diagnostic limitations. This report describes six cases of urinary capillariosis in dogs from Italy. Recurrent cystitis was observed in one dog, whereas another patient was affected by glomerular amyloidosis. In the remaining animals, the infection was considered an incidental finding. Immature eggs of the parasite were observed with urine sediment examination in 3/6 patients...
2016: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27276845/functional-results-in-arthroscopic-treatment-in-patients-with-chronic-lateral-elbow-pain
#16
Termphong Phorkhar, Cholawish Chanlalit
BACKGROUND: Modern surgery as elbow arthroscopic surgery is an accepted operation due to benefit in precise intra-articular lesion detection and minimally invasive surgery. OBJECTIVE: To report the functional results when using arthroscopic surgery to treat chronic lateral elbow pain. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The data was collected from 25 patients with chronic lateral elbow pain that failed in non-operative treatment and treated with elbow arthroscopic surgery...
November 2015: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274453/the-role-of-complete-suprapatellar-plicae
#17
Takatomo Mine, Kazuki Chagawa, Koichiro Ihara, Hiroyuki Kawamura, Ryutaro Kuriyama, Ryo Date
Shelf syndrome mainly affects younger people, often athletes. Cases of complete suprapatellar plica syndrome are rare. Arthroscopic inspection is necessary to diagnose complete suprapatellar plicae. The patients' symptoms improve after removal of the plicae. Our technique is an easy, completely arthroscopic procedure that has yielded good clinical outcomes in patients who have complete suprapatellar plicae. Although cases of complete suprapatellar plica syndrome are rare, it should be considered in patients with moderate knee pain...
February 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127381/plica-polonica-after-use-of-shampoo
#18
Tejinder Kaur, Daljit Singh, Suresh Kumar Malhotra, Jaswant Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127367/bird-s-nest-view-from-a-dermatologist-s-eye
#19
REVIEW
Sethi Anisha, Kaur Sukhjot, Gupta Kumar Sunil, Puri Sandeep
Plica neuropathica also known as "birds nest" is irreversible matting of hair seen in otherwise healthy individuals and is usually associated with use of ionic/herbal soaps, shampoos, parasitic infestations, psychiatric alterations, or neglect. Anagen effluvium is a known side effect of many immunosuppressive drugs. Rarely matting of hair has been reported following azathioprine. We report plica neuropathica in two chronically ill patients on immunosuppressive drugs, that is, azathioprine and methotrexate along with a review of literature of its etiological factors and pathogenesis...
January 2016: International Journal of Trichology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27081330/a-new-species-of-gudeodiscus-p%C3%A3-ll-gergely-2013-from-china-with-extraordinary-conchological-and-anatomical-features-gastropoda-pulmonata-plectopylidae
#20
Barna Páll-Gergely, Takahiro Asami
A new species of the Plectopylidae, Gudeodiscus longiplica is described from northern Guangxi Province, southern China. The shell, anatomical and radular characters are figured and described. This new species is characterized by long plicae on its parietal shell wall, which have not been observed in any other Gudeodiscus species. In contrast, the long parietal plicae are characteristic for the genera Plectopylis and Chersaecia, which mainly inhabit Thailand and Myanmar. These two genera are, however, only distantly related to the new species, as other characters (anatomy, protoconch sculpture, parietal plicae) suggest...
2016: ZooKeys
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