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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965944/predictors-of-outcome-after-primary-total-joint-replacement
#1
Markus Weber, Benjamin Craiovan, Michael L Woerner, Timo Schwarz, Joachim Grifka, Tobias F Renkawitz
BACKGROUND: Total hip and knee replacements are frequently performed curative treatment options in end-stage arthritis. In this study, we analyzed clinical outcome, complications, and predictors of outcome in modern joint replacement. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis of over 2000 primary total hip and knee replacements from our institutional joint registry, responder rates for positive outcome as defined by the OMERACT-OARSI criteria, postoperative complication rates, and patient-reported outcome measures (EQ-5D, WOMAC) within the first year were compared between hip and knee replacements...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965348/adulteration-of-proprietary-chinese-medicines-and-health-products-with-undeclared-drugs-experience-of-a-tertiary-toxicology-laboratory-in-hong-kong
#2
Chor Kwan Ching, Sammy Pak Lam Chen, Hencher Han Chih Lee, Ying Hoo Lam, Sau Wah Ng, Mo Lung Chen, Magdalene Huen Yin Tang, Suzanne Suk San Chan, Candy Wai Yan Ng, Jana Wing Lan Cheung, Tina Yee Ching Chan, Nike Kwai Cheung Lau, Yeow Kuan Chong, Tony Wing Lai Mak
AIMS: Proprietary Chinese medicines (pCMs) and health products, generally believed to be natural and safe, are gaining popularity worldwide. However, the safety of pCMs and health products has been severely compromised by the practice of adulteration. The current study aimed to examine the problem of adulteration of pCMs and health products in Hong Kong. METHODS: The present study was conducted in a tertiary referral clinical toxicology laboratory in Hong Kong. All cases involving the use of pCMs or health products, which were subsequently confirmed to contain undeclared adulterants, from 2005 to 2015 were reviewed retrospectively...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959440/prevalence-and-phenotype-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-using-fasting-glucose-vs-hba1c-in-a-caribbean-population
#3
Nigel Unwin, Christina Howitt, Angela Mc Rose, T Alafia Samuels, Anselm Jm Hennis, Ian R Hambleton
BACKGROUND: Both fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c are recommended for the diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes by the American Diabetes Association (ADA), and for diabetes by the World Health Organization. The ADA guidance is influential on clinical practice in many developing countries, including in the Caribbean and Latin America. We aimed to compare the prevalence and characteristics of individuals identified as having diabetes and prediabetes by FPG and HbA1c in a predominantly African ancestry Caribbean population...
December 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912560/the-srgap2-snps-their-haplotypes-and-g%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-e-interactions-on-serum-lipid-traits
#4
Liu Miao, Rui-Xing Yin, Jin-Zhen Wu, Shuo Yang, Wei-Xiong Lin, Shang-Ling Pan
Maonan nationality is a relatively conservative and isolated minority in China. Little is known about the association of the Slit-Robo Rho GTPase activating protein 2 gene (SRGAP2) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and serum lipid levels in the Chinese populations. This study was performed to clarify the association of the SRGAP2 rs2483058 and rs2580520 SNPs and their haplotypes with serum lipid traits in the Maonan and Han populations. Genotyping of the 2 SNPs was performed in 2444 unrelated subjects (Han, 1210 and Maonan, 1234) by polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism combined with gel electrophoresis, and then confirmed by direct sequencing...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903801/s-aureus-infections-in-chicago-2006-2014-increase-in-ca-mssa-and-decrease-in-mrsa-incidence
#5
M Ellen Acree, Ethan Morgan, Michael Z David
OBJECTIVE To examine trends in Staphylococcus aureus infections in adults and children at a single academic center in 2006-2014. DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING Inpatient, outpatient, and emergency department settings in a private, tertiary referral center. PATIENTS Patients with an infection culture that grew S. aureus in January 1, 2006, through March 31, 2014. METHODS The first isolate per year for each patient was classified as community-associated (CA-), healthcare-associated (HA-), or HA-community-onset S...
October 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895733/evidence-for-a-double-well-in-the-first-triplet-excited-state-of-2-thiouracil
#6
Daisuke Koyama, Matthew J Milner, Andrew J Orr-Ewing
The computationally predicted presence of two structurally distinct minima in the first triplet excited (T1) state of 2-thiouracil (2TU) is substantiated by sub-picosecond transient vibrational absorption spectroscopy (TVAS) in deuterated acetonitrile solution. Following 300 nm ultraviolet excitation to the second singlet excited state of 2TU, a transient infrared absorption band centered at 1643 cm(-1) is observed within our minimum time resolution of 0.3 ps. It is assigned either to 2TU molecules in the S1 state or to vibrationally hot T1-state molecules, with the latter assignment more consistent with recent computational and experimental studies...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890321/general-hospital-costs-in-england-of-medical-and-psychiatric-care-for-patients-who-self-harm-a-retrospective-analysis
#7
Apostolos Tsiachristas, David McDaid, Deborah Casey, Fiona Brand, Jose Leal, A-La Park, Galit Geulayov, Keith Hawton
BACKGROUND: Self-harm is an extremely common reason for hospital presentation. However, few estimates have been made of the hospital costs of assessing and treating self-harm. Such information is essential for planning services and to help strengthen the case for investment in actions to reduce the frequency and effects of self-harm. In this study, we aimed to calculate the costs of hospital medical care associated with a self-harm episode and the costs of psychosocial assessment, together with identification of the key drivers of these costs...
October 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864973/the-role-of-oxytocin-in-social-buffering-what-do-primate-studies-add
#8
Catherine Crockford, Tobias Deschner, Roman M Wittig
The ability to maintain close social bonds impacts on reproductive success, longevity, stress and health in social mammals, including humans (Silk et al., Curr Biol 20(15):1359-1361, 2010; Crockford et al., Horm Behav 53(1):254-265, 2008; Wittig et al., Horm Behav 54(1):170-177, 2008; Archie et al., Proc R Soc B 281(1793):20141261, 2014; Cameron et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 106:13850-13853, 2009; Schülke et al., Curr Biol 20:2207-2210, 2010; Silk et al., Science 302:1231-1234, 2003; Holt-Lunstad et al...
September 2, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833329/population-pharmacokinetics-and-bayesian-estimation-of-tacrolimus-exposure-in-chinese-liver-transplant-patients
#9
B Chen, H-Q Shi, X-X Liu, W-X Zhang, J-Q Lu, B-M Xu, H Chen
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Tacrolimus (TAC) is widely used as part of immunosuppressive regimens. There is great interindividual variation on the disposition of TAC. The aim of this study was to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model for Chinese liver transplant patients and evaluate genetic polymorphism and other possible factors on the PK parameters. The exposure of TAC is to be estimated through Bayesian modelling. METHODS: A total of 47 sets of rich-time PK and 1234 conventional therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) data were collected from 125 Chinese liver transplant patients...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797998/the-effect-of-dose-volume-parameters-on-central-nervous-system-relapse-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-leukemia-receiving-prophylactic-cranial-irradiation
#10
Zeliha Guzeloz, Ayse Nur Demiral, Fatma Eren, Mehmet Adigul, Ahmet Ergin Capar, Handan Cakmakci, Sebnem Yilmaz, Ozlem Tufekci, Hale Oren, Riza Çetingoz
AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the effects of dosevolume parameters of brain parenchyma, optic nerves (ONs) and cribriform plate (CP), which were determined on central nervous system (CNS) control in pediatric leukemia patients who have undergone prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) at our department. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In the current study, the records of 14 patients were examined retrospectively. Along with the minimum and maximum doses for brain and CP, D95% (minimal dose received by the 95% volume of a structure) and V95% (percent volume of target receiving 95% of prescribed dose) could be obtained from the dose-volume histogram...
May 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791914/retention-in-care-services-reported-by-hiv-care-providers-in-the-united-states-2013-to-2014
#11
Jason A Craw, Heather Bradley, Garrett Gremel, Brady T West, Christopher C Duke, Linda Beer, John Weiser
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based guidelines recommend that HIV care providers offer retention-in-care services, but data are needed to assess service provision. METHODS: We surveyed a probability sample of 1234 HIV care providers to estimate the percentage of providers whose practices offered 5 recommended retention services and describe providers' perceptions of barriers to care among patients. RESULTS: An estimated 21% of providers' practices offered all 5 retention services...
September 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774519/undetected-angle-closure-in-patients-with-a-diagnosis-of-open-angle-glaucoma
#12
Devesh K Varma, Sarah M Simpson, Amandeep S Rai, Iqbal Ike K Ahmed
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the proportion of patients referred to a tertiary glaucoma centre with a diagnosis of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) who were found to have angle closure glaucoma. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Consecutive new patients referred for glaucoma management to a tertiary centre between July 2010 and December 2011 were reviewed. Patients whose referrals for glaucoma assessment specified angle status as "open" were included...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758435/-treating-tissue-defects-following-tooth-removal-three-case-reports
#13
Rita Marton, Anna Martin, Szandra Lemperger, Péter Windisch
Following tooth removal, three dimensional hard- and soft-tissue loss take place. Spontaneous healing makes the defect more severe and results in collapsing tissues. Implant placement is not feasible. In the aestethic zone even fixed partial dentures will not deliver the expected result. Our aim was to demonstrate that only ridge preservation enables implant placement and also provides excellent aestetic result even at frontal areas. CBCT was made before and 6-8 months after ridge preservation. Vertical and socket area measurements were carried out and compared in pre-, and postoperative images...
August 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723980/preliminary-results-of-topical-hepatic-hypothermia-in-a-model-of-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-rats
#14
Emilio Elias Abdo, Estela Regina Ramos Figueira, Joel Avancini Rocha-Filho, Eleazar Chaib, Luiz Augusto Carneiro D'Albuquerque, Telesforo Bacchella
BACKGROUND: Ischemia/reperfusion causes organ damage but it is mandatory in hepatic transplantation, trauma and other complex liver surgeries, when Pringle maneuver is applied to minimize bleeding during these procedures. It is well known that liver ischemia/reperfusion leads to microcirculatory disturbance and cellular injury. In this setting hypothermia is known to reduce oxygen demand, lowering intracellular metabolism. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of hypothermia in liver ischemia/reperfusion injury, using a new model of topic isolated liver hypothermia...
July 6, 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692984/a-study-of-cell-free-dna-fragmentation-pattern-and-its-application-in-dna-sample-type-classification
#15
Shifu Chen, Ming Liu, Xiaoni Zhang, Renwen Long, Yixing Wang, Yue Han, Shiwei Zhang, Mingyan Xu, Jia Gu
Plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has certain fragmentation patterns, which can bring non-random base content curves of the sequencing data's beginning cycles. We studied the patterns and found that we could determine whether a sample is cfDNA or not by just looking into the first 10 cycles of its base content curves. We analysed 3189 FastQ files, including 1442 cfDNA, 1234 genomic DNA, 507 FFPE tumour DNA and 6 urinary cfDNA. By deep analysing these data, we find the patterns are stable enough to distinguish cfDNA from other kinds of DNA samples...
July 4, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682937/effects-of-blood-flow-restriction-combined-with-post-activation-potentiation-stimuli-on-jump-performance-in-recreationally-active-males
#16
Ryan M Miller, Victoria M Keeter, Eduardo D S Freitas, Aaron D Heishman, Allen W Knehans, Debra A Bemben, Michael G Bemben
Whole-body vibration and maximum voluntary contractions combined with blood flow restriction to augment post-activation potentiation have yet to be examined. Therefore, the purpose of this investigation was to examine the augmented effects of post-activation potentiation when whole-body vibration and maximum voluntary contraction are combined with blood-flow restriction. Twenty men (21.8 ± 2.6 years, 180.5 ± 6.2 cm and 84.5 ± 12.1 kg) completed the study. Participants completed three testing sessions in a randomized design that included one of the following: 1) control (CON), 2) whole-body vibration (WBV) and whole-body vibration combined with blood flow restriction (WBV+BFR), or 3) maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) and maximum voluntary contraction combined with blood-flow restriction (MVC+BFR)...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678324/screening-and-identification-of-a-tumor-specific-methylation-phenotype-in-the-colorectal-laterally-spreading-tumor
#17
H-B Ni, F-Y Wang, J Xu, X-J He, J Chen, Q Wu, J-F Wu, Y-S Sun
OBJECTIVE: We screened and identified the differential expression of the methylation phenotype in the whole genome of colorectal laterally spreading tumor (LSTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 3 tissue samples of colorectal polypoid adenomas (PAs), 3 tissue samples of LSTs and 3 tissue samples of colon cancer were analyzed with a high-density gene chip, and about 450,000 methylation sites were detected covering approximately 95% of the CpG islands. The Delta Data screening was taken through a cluster analysis of methylation phenotype differential expression...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673522/very-early-disengagement-and-subsequent-re-engagement-in-primary-care-office-based-opioid-treatment-obot-with-buprenorphine
#18
David Hui, Zoe M Weinstein, Debbie M Cheng, Emily Quinn, Hyunjoong Kim, Colleen Labelle, Jeffrey H Samet
INTRODUCTION: Patients with opioid use disorder often require multiple treatment attempts before achieving stable recovery. Rates of disengagement from buprenorphine are highest in the first month of treatment and termination of buprenorphine therapy results in return to use rates as high as 90%. To better characterize these at-risk patients, this study aims to describe: 1) the frequency and characteristics of patients with very early disengagement (≤1month) from Office Based Opioid Treatment (OBOT) with buprenorphine and 2) the frequency and characteristics of patients who re-engage in care at this same OBOT clinic within 2years, among the subset of very early disengagers...
August 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615067/correspondence-on-lovell-et-al-identification-of-chicken-genes-previously-assumed-to-be-evolutionarily-lost
#19
Susanne Bornelöv, Eyal Seroussi, Sara Yosefi, Ken Pendavis, Shane C Burgess, Manfred Grabherr, Miriam Friedman-Einat, Leif Andersson
Through RNA-Seq analyses, we identified 137 genes that are missing in chicken, including the long-sought-after nephrin and tumor necrosis factor genes. These genes tended to cluster in GC-rich regions that have poor coverage in genome sequence databases. Hence, the occurrence of syntenic groups of vertebrate genes that have not been observed in Aves does not prove the evolutionary loss of such genes.Please see related Research article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13059-014-0565-1 and Please see response from Lovell et al: https://www...
June 14, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587145/influence-of-cooking-microwaving-and-broiling-on-cylindrospermopsin-concentration-in-muscle-of-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-and-characterization-of-decomposition-products
#20
Ana I Prieto, Remedios Guzmán-Guillén, Rocío Valderrama-Fernández, Ángeles Jos, Ana M Cameán
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) has become increasingly important as a freshwater algal toxin, showing cytotoxic effects. This toxin is able to bioaccumulate in freshwater food webs, representing a serious human health problem. Normally, fish is cooked before consumption, and CYN concentration can be altered. For the first time, the effects of microwaving and broiling for 1 and 2 min on CYN concentration and its decomposition products in fish muscle (Oreochromis niloticus) contaminated in the laboratory were investigated, using UPLC-MS/MS and Orbitrap...
May 26, 2017: Toxins
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