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Scapular dyskinesis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537843/activity-of-periscapular-muscles-and-its-correlation-with-external-oblique-during-push-up-does-scapular-dyskinesis-change-the-electromyographic-response
#1
Rodrigo Cappatode de Araújo, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Natália Barros Beltrão, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui
Scapular dyskinesis is the term used to describe changes in the positioning or movement of the scapula. Such dysfunction is associated with changes in the activation of the scapular muscles. However, the influence of the axial muscles on the scapular muscles activity of subjects with scapular dyskinesis is unknown. This study aimed to compare the electromyography (EMG) activity of periscapular muscles and its correlation with the external oblique muscle during the execution of push-up performed in different surfaces, in volunteers with and without scapular dyskinesis...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446376/comparison-of-virtual-reality-exergaming-and-home-exercise-programs-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-and-scapular-dyskinesis-short-term-effect
#2
Nihan Ozunlu Pekyavas, Nevin Ergun
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the short term effects of home exercise program and virtual reality exergaming in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). METHODS: A total of 30 patients with SAIS were randomized into two groups which are Home Exercise Program (EX Group) (mean age: 40.6 ± 11.7 years) and Virtual Reality Exergaming Program (WII Group) (mean age: 40.33 ± 13.2 years). Subjects were assessed at the first session, at the end of the treatment (6 weeks) and at 1 month follow-up...
April 24, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420897/in-vivo-analysis-of-three-dimensional-dynamic-scapular-dyskinesis-in-scapular-or-clavicular-fractures
#3
Eugene Kim, Jai Hyung Park, Byeong-Ryong Han, Hee Jin Park, So Yeon Lee, Tsuyoshi Murase, Kazumi Sugamoto, Sumika Ikemoto, Se-Jin Park
The three-dimensional (3D) kinematics of the scapula were analyzed in vivo in 10 patients with scapular and 10 patients with clavicular fracture. Both the injured shoulder and normal contralateral shoulder were evaluated by computed tomography in the neutral and fully elevated positions. 3D rotational and translational movements of the scapula relative to the thorax during arm elevation were analyzed. A computer simulation program was used to compare rotational elevation/depression in the coronal plane, anterior/posterior tilting in the sagittal plane and protraction/retraction in the axial plane between the normal and affected sides...
April 2017: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287685/care-of-shoulder-pain-in-the-overhead-athlete
#4
Joseph Chorley, Richard E Eccles, Armand Scurfield
Shoulder complaints are common in the overhead athlete. Understanding the biomechanics of throwing and swimming requires understanding the importance of maintaining the glenohumeral relationship of the shoulder. Capsular laxity, humeral retrotorsion, glenoid retroversion, glenohumeral internal rotation deficit, and scapular dyskinesis can all contribute to shoulder dysfunction and pain. Injuries are more likely during peak height velocity, especially when coupled with overuse, previous injuries not adequately treated, or change in the demands on the shoulder such as a new technique, bigger field, or longer race...
March 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237770/the-reliability-of-physical-examination-tests-for-the-clinical-assessment-of-scapular-dyskinesis-in-subjects-with-shoulder-complaints-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Toni Lange, Filip Struyf, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Lützner, Christian Kopkow
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate intra- and interrater reliability research of physical examination tests used for the assessment of scapular dyskinesis. BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis, defined as alteration of normal scapular kinematics, is described as a non-specific response to different shoulder pathologies. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED and PEDro until March 20th, 2015...
November 3, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169137/shoulder-horizontal-abduction-stretching-effectively-increases-shear-elastic-modulus-of-pectoralis-minor-muscle
#6
Jun Umehara, Masatoshi Nakamura, Kosuke Fujita, Ken Kusano, Satoru Nishishita, Kojiro Araki, Hiroki Tanaka, Ko Yanase, Noriaki Ichihashi
BACKGROUND: Stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle, which involve shoulder horizontal abduction or scapular retraction, are performed in clinical and sports settings because the tightness of this muscle may contribute to scapular dyskinesis. The effectiveness of stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle is unclear in vivo. The purpose of this study was to verify the effectiveness of stretching maneuvers for the pectoralis minor muscle in vivo using ultrasonic shear wave elastography...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134956/long-thoracic-nerve-injury-caused-by-overhead-weight-lifting-leading-to-scapular-dyskinesis-and-medial-scapular-winging
#7
Justin B Berthold, Timothy M Burg, Ryan Paul Nussbaum
Scapular winging represents a rare phenomenon that most commonly results from nerve damage to either the long thoracic nerve, spinal accessory nerve, or, less commonly, the dorsal scapular nerve. This injury results in an abnormal scapulohumeral interaction during kinetic motion known as scapular dyskinesis. In this case report, the patient presented with scapular dyskinesis and medial scapular winging caused by overhead weight-lifting exercises, and a long thoracic nerve injury was diagnosed. Physicians are encouraged to consider long thoracic nerve damage in a patient with a history of repetitive overhead movements who presents with scapular dyskinesis and the corresponding restriction of overhead arm motions...
February 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104592/handball-load-and-shoulder-injury-rate-a-31-week-cohort-study-of-679-elite-youth-handball-players
#8
M Møller, R O Nielsen, J Attermann, N Wedderkopp, M Lind, H Sørensen, G Myklebust
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of injury patterns, an essential step towards injury prevention, is lacking in youth handball. AIM: To investigate if an increase in handball load is associated with increased shoulder injury rates compared with a minor increase or decrease, and if an association is influenced by scapular control, isometric shoulder strength or glenohumeral range of motion (ROM). METHODS: 679 players (14-18 years) provided weekly reports on shoulder injury and handball load (training and competition hours) over 31 weeks using the SMS, phone and medical examination system...
February 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032029/evaluation-and-treatment-of-internal-impingement-of-the-shoulder-in-overhead-athletes
#9
REVIEW
Keith T Corpus, Christopher L Camp, David M Dines, David W Altchek, Joshua S Dines
One of the most common pathologic processes seen in overhead throwing athletes is posterior shoulder pain resulting from internal impingement. "Internal impingement" is a term used to describe a constellation of symptoms which result from the greater tuberosity of the humerus and the articular surface of the rotator cuff abutting the posterosuperior glenoid when the shoulder is in an abducted and externally rotated position. The pathophysiology in symptomatic internal impingement is multifactorial, involving physiologic shoulder remodeling, posterior capsular contracture, and scapular dyskinesis...
December 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942157/effect-of-the-push-up-plus-guide-and-resistance-device-ppgrd-on-the-serratus-anterior-during-push-up-plus
#10
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study developed a push-up plus guide and resistance device and investigated the effectiveness of the device. [Subject and Methods] A 39-year-old man presented with moderate pain with left scapular dyskinesis. A newly designed assistance device was used as a push-up plus guide and resistance device (PPGRD). The subject performed the push-up plus exercise without and then with the PPGRD for 2 weeks each. [Results] After performing the push-up plus exercise with the PPGRD for 2 weeks, the serratus anterior muscle power was increased, the pain score was decreased, and the absence of scapular dyskinesis was confirmed...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916706/the-influence-of-test-positions-on-clinical-assessment-for-scapular-dyskinesis
#11
Simin Deng, Kang Chen, Yanhong Ma, Juan Chen, Mi Huang
BACKGROUND: Appropriate evaluation of scapular dyskinesis is essential for therapeutic strategies. Although the current visual-based assessment is rapid and practical, the reliability of this method is unsatisfactory. It is necessary to adequately understand the conditions of assessment to maximize the benefit of therapeutic interventions. OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of different test positions on clinical assessment for scapular dyskinesis. DESIGN: Observational study...
December 1, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900708/can-posterior-capsular-stretching-rehabilitation-protocol-change-scapula-kinematics-in-asymptomatic-baseball-pitchers
#12
A Pellegrini, P Tonino, D Salazar, K Hendrix, I Parel, A Cutti, P Paladini, F Ceccarelli, G Porcellini
PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis is a recognized cause of shoulder pain in the throwing shoulder of baseball pitchers and athletes who participate in overhead sports. Past studies have assessed scapular kinematics using electromagnetic tracking devices and have shown a correlation between posterior shoulder tightness and forward scapular posture. The purpose of our study is to evaluate the scapular kinematics, before and after a 4-week posterior stretching protocol in asymptomatic pitchers...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856264/glenohumeral-arthrodesis-for-recurrent-types-ii-and-iii-shoulder-instability
#13
Tanujan Thangarajah, Deborah Higgs, J Ian L Bayley, Simon M Lambert
BACKGROUND: This study reports the clinical outcome after glenohumeral arthrodesis for recurrent type II (atraumatic structural) and type III (muscle patterning nonstructural disorder) shoulder instability. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted at a single facility. Eight consecutive patients (7 women and 1 man) with recurrent shoulder instability underwent arthrodesis and were monitored for a mean of 57 months (range, 24-123 months). Mean age at the time of surgery was 47 years (range, 21-73 years)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832291/mri-for-the-diagnosis-of-scapular-dyskinesis-a-report-of-two-cases
#14
Wataru Morita, Taiki Nozaki, Atsushi Tasaki
Scapular dyskinesis describes the altered position of the scapula and/or abnormal movements of the scapulothoracic joint. It is caused by bony anatomical variations, bursitis, tumors, and muscular pathological conditions including loss of innervation and fibrosis. Scapular dyskinesis is just as often subclinical as it is symptomatic, and as the periscapular anatomical changes may not result in patient symptoms, a precise diagnosis of the etiology and pathophysiology has been a challenge. Scapular bony prominence is a common etiology of scapular dyskinesis, but does not always result in morbidity...
February 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816845/are-chronic-neck-pain-scapular-dyskinesis-and-altered-scapulothoracic-muscle-activity-interrelated-a-case-control-study-with-surface-and-fine-wire-emg
#15
Birgit Castelein, Ann Cools, Thierry Parlevliet, Barbara Cagnie
OBJECTIVES: The function of the scapula is important in normal neck function and might be disturbed in patients with neck pain. The surrounding muscular system is important for the function of the scapula. To date, it is not clear if patients with idiopathic neck pain show altered activity of these scapulothoracic muscles. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate differences in deeper and superficial lying scapulothoracic muscle activity between patients with idiopathic neck pain and healthy controls during arm elevation, and to identify the influence of scapular dyskinesis on muscle activity...
December 2016: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776006/arthroscopic-assisted-acromioclavicular-and-coracoclavicular-ligaments-reconstruction-for-chronic-acromioclavicular-dislocations-surgical-technique
#16
Achilleas Boutsiadis, Laurent Baverel, Hubert Lenoir, Philippe Delsol, Johannes Barth
Chronic acromioclavicular (AC) instability is a rare posttraumatic shoulder condition that can lead to undesirable symptoms like persistent pain, muscle fatigue, loss of strength, or even scapular dyskinesis. It is well known that in these cases the superior functional results depend on the restoration of the anatomy and stability of the AC joint in both vertical and horizontal planes. Considering the ligaments degeneration and atrophy in chronic AC joint dislocations, we present an arthroscopic-assisted reconstruction of both the coracoclavicular and AC ligaments using autograft augmentation...
December 2016: Techniques in Hand & Upper Extremity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734220/acute-high-grade-acromioclavicular-joint-injuries-quality-of-life-comparison-between-patients-managed-operatively-with-a-hook-plate-versus-patients-managed-non-operatively
#17
Luis Gerardo Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical indication for acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries still represents a reason for shoulder and trauma debate. In high-grade injuries, surgery is advocated because some of the non-operatively managed patients may have persistent shoulder pain that could make them unable to return to their previous activity. It has been shown that many of the patients with high-grade ACJ injuries that are managed non-operatively involve the development of scapular dyskinesis, situation that may result in loss of strength and weakness...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693966/scapular-dyskinesis-patterns-functional-disability-and-associated-factors-in-people-with-shoulder-disorders
#18
Tsun-Shun Huang, Chien-Ying Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Patterns of scapular dyskinesis have unique scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation. The characteristics of unique dyskinesis patterns may be associated with functional disability. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the shoulder function level and primary dysfunction items were different in unique dyskinesis pattern. The factors associated with shoulder dysfunction in different dyskinesis patterns were identified. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
December 2016: Manual Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634074/effects-of-scapular-taping-in-young-adults-with-shoulder-pain-and-scapular-dyskinesis
#19
Leonardo Intelangelo, Diego Bordachar, Alexandre Wesley Carvalho Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate effects of scapular taping on pain, isometric force, and the level of activation of several scapular girdle muscles in individuals with shoulder pain and scapular dyskinesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten individuals with shoulder pain during arm elevation and scapular dyskinesis were included and evaluated by using a visual analogue scale (VAS), pressure algometry, dynamometry, and surface electromyography. All assessments were performed before and immediately after the application of scapular taping...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582990/scapular-dyskinesis-the-surgeon-s-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Simon J Roche, Lennard Funk, Aaron Sciascia, W Ben Kibler
The scapula fulfils many roles to facilitate optimal function of the shoulder. Normal function of the shoulder joint requires a scapula that can be properly aligned in multiple planes of motion of the upper extremity. Scapular dyskinesis, meaning abnormal motion of the scapula during shoulder movement, is a clinical finding commonly encountered by shoulder surgeons. It is best considered an impairment of optimal shoulder function. As such, it may be the underlying cause or the accompanying result of many forms of shoulder pain and dysfunction...
October 2015: Shoulder & Elbow
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