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Scapular dyskinesis

Luis Gerardo Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical indication for acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) injuries still represents a reason for shoulder and trauma debate. In high-grade injuries, surgery is advocated because some of the non-operatively managed patients may have persistent shoulder pain that could make them unable to return to their previous activity. It has been shown that many of the patients with high-grade ACJ injuries that are managed non-operatively involve the development of scapular dyskinesis, situation that may result in loss of strength and weakness...
October 12, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Tsun-Shun Huang, Chien-Ying Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Patterns of scapular dyskinesis have unique scapular kinematics and associated muscular activation. The characteristics of unique dyskinesis patterns may be associated with functional disability. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the shoulder function level and primary dysfunction items were different in unique dyskinesis pattern. The factors associated with shoulder dysfunction in different dyskinesis patterns were identified. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
September 13, 2016: Manual Therapy
Leonardo Intelangelo, Diego Bordachar, Alexandre Wesley Carvalho Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To assess the immediate effects of scapular taping on pain, isometric force, and the level of activation of several scapular girdle muscles in individuals with shoulder pain and scapular dyskinesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten individuals with shoulder pain during arm elevation and scapular dyskinesis were included and evaluated by using a visual analogue scale (VAS), pressure algometry, dynamometry, and surface electromyography. All assessments were performed before and immediately after the application of scapular taping...
July 2016: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Simon J Roche, Lennard Funk, Aaron Sciascia, W Ben Kibler
The scapula fulfils many roles to facilitate optimal function of the shoulder. Normal function of the shoulder joint requires a scapula that can be properly aligned in multiple planes of motion of the upper extremity. Scapular dyskinesis, meaning abnormal motion of the scapula during shoulder movement, is a clinical finding commonly encountered by shoulder surgeons. It is best considered an impairment of optimal shoulder function. As such, it may be the underlying cause or the accompanying result of many forms of shoulder pain and dysfunction...
October 2015: Shoulder & Elbow
Yusuke Kawano, Noriaki Nakamichi, Noboru Matsumura
A 70-year-old woman had pain and fatigability of her left shoulder with asymmetric scapular position. The medial border of the scapula was more prominent in the left side compared to the right scapula, and scapular motion was different between sides. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a mass on the ventral surface of the scapula. Tumour resection was performed through the medial approach, and the tissue samples were found to be a lipoma with a pathological examination. Post-operatively, her pain immediately disappeared...
October 2015: Shoulder & Elbow
Hsiang-Ling Ou, Tsun-Shun Huang, Yu-Ting Chen, Wen-Yin Chen, Yu-Li Chang, Tung-Wu Lu, Ting-Han Chen, Jiu-Jenq Lin
BACKGROUND: Scapular orientation and movements can affect the function of the shoulder. However, evidence is limited on whether symptomatic subjects can actively maintain the scapula in a neutral position through conscious control. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether symptomatic subjects with scapular dyskinesis can achieve optimal scapular movements and associated muscle activities through conscious control. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study...
August 4, 2016: Manual Therapy
Katherinne F Moura, Renan L Monteiro, Paulo R G Lucareli, Thiago Y Fukuda
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Scapular dyskinesis has been associated with several shoulder injuries. Recent literature has suggested that a greater activation of the scapular muscles can play an important role in reducing subacromial impingement in patients with shoulder pain. Thus, the purpose of this case series was to describe a rehabilitation program that emphasizes scapular dyskinesis correction for those with clinical evidence of subacromial pain syndrome...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Arjen Kolk, Jan Ferdinand Henseler, Pieter Bas de Witte, Ewoud R A van Arkel, Cornelis P J Visser, Jochem Nagels, Rob G H H Nelissen, Jurriaan H de Groot
BACKGROUND: Subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) and scapular dyskinesis are closely associated, but the role of pain is unknown. We hypothesized that pain results in asymmetrical scapular kinematics, and we expected more symmetrical kinematics after infiltration of subacromial anaesthetics. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of subacromial anaesthetics on scapular kinematics in patients with SAPS. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. METHODS: We evaluated shoulder kinematics in 34 patients clinically and radiologically (magnetic resonance arthrography) identified with unilateral SAPS using three-dimensional electromagnetic motion analysis (Flock of Birds)...
July 17, 2016: Manual Therapy
Elizabeth Matzkin, Kaytelin Suslavich, David Wes
Swimmer's shoulder is a broad term often used to diagnose shoulder injury in swimmers. However, research has elucidated several specific shoulder injuries that often are incurred by the competitive swimmer. Hyperlaxity, scapular dyskinesis, subacromial impingement, labral damage, os acromiale, suprascapular nerve entrapment, and glenohumeral rotational imbalances all may be included within a differential diagnosis for shoulder pain in the competitive swimmer. An understanding of the mechanics of the swim stroke, in combination with the complex static and dynamic properties of the shoulder, is essential to the comprehension and identification of the painful swimmer's shoulder...
August 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Stig Haugsboe Andersson, Roald Bahr, Benjamin Clarsen, Grethe Myklebust
BACKGROUND: Shoulder problems are highly prevalent among elite handball players. Reduced glenohumeral rotation, external rotation weakness and scapula dyskinesis have been identified as risk factors. AIM: Evaluate the effect of an exercise programme designed to reduce the prevalence of shoulder problems in elite handball. METHODS: 45 elite handball teams (22 female teams, 23 male teams, 660 players) were cluster randomised (22 teams, 331 players in the intervention group, 23 teams, 329 players in the control group) and followed for 1 competitive season (7 months)...
June 16, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Mark L Wang, Andrew J Miller, Brooke L Ballard, Michael J Botte
Snapping scapula syndrome is a rare condition caused by the disruption of the gliding articulation between the anterior scapula and the posterior chest wall. The etiology of snapping scapula syndrome is multifactorial, and contributing factors include scapular dyskinesis, bursitis from repetitive use or trauma, and periscapular lesions. Although the majority of cases are initially treated with nonoperative modalities, recalcitrant snapping scapula syndrome can warrant surgical management. This report describes a 34-year-old amateur weight lifter with a 1-year history of increasing pain and fullness over his posterior shoulder region...
July 1, 2016: Orthopedics
Masaaki Tsuruike, Todd S Ellenbecker
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of scapular muscle activities in elevation and descent exercises have yet to be elucidated to assess scapular dyskinesis. The purpose of this study was to identify the adaptation of electromyograph (EMG) activities of the upper trapezius (UT), lower trapezius (LT), serratus anterior (SA), and anterior deltoid (AD) muscles with different weight loads in flexion (FLX) and abduction (ABD) in collegiate baseball players. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty eight individuals, including 13 pitchers, were tested...
October 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Nilay Comuk Balcı, Zeliha Ozlem Yuruk, Aslican Zeybek, Mustafa Gulsen, Mustafa Agah Tekindal
[Purpose] The aim of our study was to compare the initial effects of scapular proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation techniques and classic exercise interventions with physiotherapy modalities on pain, scapular dyskinesis, range of motion, and function in adhesive capsulitis. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-three subjects were allocated to 3 groups: scapular proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation exercies and physiotherapy modalities, classic exercise and physiotherapy modalities, and only physiotherapy modalities...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Daisuke Uga, Rie Nakazawa, Masaaki Sakamoto
[Purpose] This study aimed to clarify the relationship between scapular dyskinesis and shoulder external rotation strength and muscle activity. [Subjects and Methods] Both shoulders of 20 healthy males were evaluated. They were classified into 19 normal, 8 subtly abnormal, and 13 obviously abnormal shoulders using the scapular dyskinesis test. Subtly abnormal shoulders were subsequently excluded from the analysis. Shoulder external rotation strength and muscle activity (infraspinatus, serratus anterior, upper, middle, and lower trapezius) were measured in 2 positions using a handheld dynamometer and surface electromyography while sitting in a chair with shoulder 0° abduction and flexion (1st position), and while lying prone on the elbows with the shoulders elevated in the zero position (zero position)...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Seok Tae Lee, Jinkyoo Moon, Seung Hoon Lee, Kye Hee Cho, Sang Hee Im, MinYoung Kim, Kyunghoon Min
OBJECTIVE: To compare quantitative muscle activation between erect and slouched sitting postures in the muscles around the scapula, and to investigate the correlation between the angle of thoracic kyphosis and the alteration of muscle activity depending on two different sitting postures. METHODS: Ten healthy males participated in the study. Unilateral surface electromyography (SEMG) was performed for serratus anterior, middle trapezius (MT), and lower trapezius (LT), which are scapular stabilizer muscles, as well as latissimus dorsi...
April 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Sevgi Sevi Yeşilyaprak, Ertuğrul Yüksel, Serpil Kalkan
OBJECTIVES: Although a relationship between short pectoralis minor and upper trapezius and scapular dyskinesis has been postulated, no studies have investigated this theory. Understanding the effect of these muscle lengths on observable scapular dyskinesis may aid in determining risks and therefore making treatment decisions. Being aware of the magnitude of this effect would help gauge the significance of risks involved. Our aim was to evaluate the influence of pectoralis minor and upper trapezius lengths on scapular dyskinesis...
May 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Andrea Pellegrini, Francesco Pogliacomi, Cosimo Costantino, Stefano Desimoni, Margherita Giovanelli, Andrew Golz, Pietro Tonino, Francesco Ceccarelli
Scapular dyskinesis in pitchers can potentially lead to impairments in the optimal performance of muscles of the shoulder complex. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate whether the use of a scapula stabilizing t-shirt can decrease stress and discomfort in over-head baseball pitchers. Thirty-two semi-professional baseball pitchers were divided into 2 groups. Group A dressed the scapula stabilizing t-shirt during the weekly practice while group B (control group) continued to follow their training program without the t-shirt...
2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of dual chest banding using elastic bands on the shoulder pain of a scapular dyskinesis patient with winging and an elevated scapula. [Subject] The subject was a 40-year-old male scapular dyskinesis patient with winging, an elevated scapula, and shoulder pain. [Methods] This study developed a method of dual chest banding using elastic bands, and the subject applied this method for 1 month [Results] After applying dual chest banding for one month, the scapular position and scapular winging were improved when compared to the initial conditions...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Won-Gyu Yoo
[Purpose] This study developed methods of shoulder supporting banding and shoulder pulling banding using elastic bands for scapular dyskinesis patients with shoulder depression and scapular downward rotation and investigated the effect on shoulder pain and scapular position. [Subject] The subject was a scapular dyskinesis patient with shoulder depression and scapular downward rotation and shoulder pain. [Methods] This study compared the scapular position and upper trapezius pressure pain between before and after applying the shoulder supporting banding and shoulder pulling banding for one month...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Gordon I Groh, Mark A Mighell, Carl J Basamania, W Ben Kibler
The clavicle is the most frequently injured bone in the human body. In most cases, fractures that occur in the midshaft of the clavicle can be managed nonsurgically. An increasing number of studies suggest that displaced midshaft clavicle fractures have improved outcomes after surgical management, and equivalent outcomes can be achieved with both plating and intramedullary techniques. Distal clavicle fractures are managed according to the disruption of the coracoclavicular ligaments. Fractures with disruption of the ligaments usually will require fixation, whereas fractures with intact ligaments may be treated with closed management...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
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