keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pamps

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782215/detection-of-a-vita-pamp-stings-cells-into-reticulophagy
#1
Julien Moretti, J Magarian Blander
Phagocytes cope with the threat of living bacteria via detection of vita-PAMPs, a specific class of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that denotes microbial viability and trigger a commensurate innate response. Prokaryotic mRNA and cyclic-di-adenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) serve as vita-PAMPs for Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively, and elicit heightened proinflammatory responses not warranted for dead bacteria. The innate sensor TMEM173/STING detects c-di-AMP produced by internalized live Gram-positive bacteria, and quickly mobilizes interdependent pre-formed cell-autonomous responses including endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, MTOR inactivation, and reticulophagy...
May 21, 2018: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777805/design-of-carboxymethyl-chitosan-based-heparin-mimicking-cross-linked-beads-for-safe-and-efficient-blood-purification
#2
Yilin Wang, Xuelian Huang, Chao He, YuPei Li, Weifeng Zhao, Changsheng Zhao
Safe and efficient carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC)-based heparin-mimicking cross-linked beads (CMC/PAMPS) as adsorbents for the clearance of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) in blood purification were prepared through hydrogen bonding interactions followed with in situ cross-linking with 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-1-propanesulfonicacid (AMPS). Fourier transform infrared spectra (FTIR), two-dimensional correlation FTIR spectroscopy (2D IR), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDS) demonstrated the successful synthesis of CMC/PAMPS beads...
May 16, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775739/effects-of-environmental-factors-on-c-type-lectin-recognition-to-zooxanthellae-in-the-stony-coral-pocillopora-damicornis
#3
Zhi Zhou, Shuimiao Zhao, Junyi Ni, Yilu Su, Lingui Wang, Yanlai Xu
C-type lectin is a superfamily of Ca2+ -dependent carbohydrate-recognition proteins that play significant roles in nonself-recognition and pathogen clearance. In the present study, a C-type lectin (PdC-Lectin) was chosen from stony coral Pocillopora damicornis to understand its recognition characteristics to zooxanthellae. PdC-Lectin protein contained a signal peptide and a carbohydrate-recognition domain with EPN motif in Ca2+ -binding site 2. The PdC-Lectin recombinant protein was expressed and purified in vitro...
May 15, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772494/effects-of-ceftriaxone-induced-intestinal-dysbacteriosis-on-regulatory-t-cells-validated-by-anaphylactic-mice
#4
Xia Luo, Zengfeng Pan, Shuang Luo, Qi Liu, Shaowei Huang, Guanghua Yang, Feifei Nong, Yajun Fu, Xiangliang Deng, Lian Zhou
Both probiotics and pathogens in the human gut express pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and die with the release of endotoxin and bacterial DNA, which can stimulate our immune system and cause immune reaction. However, it's interesting and fascinating to address why the normal intestinal flora will not generate immunological rejection like the pathogen does. By investigating the changes in cells and molecules relevant to immune tolerance in mice with ceftriaxone-induced dysbacteriosis, our study discovered that both the Evenness indexes and Shannon Wiener index of intestinal flora showed a decrease in dysbacteriosis mice...
May 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772373/a-novel-c-type-lectin-from-the-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-ajctl-2-with-preferential-binding-of-d-galactose
#5
Hui Wang, Zhuang Xue, Zhaoqun Liu, Weilin Wang, Feifei Wang, Ying Wang, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
C-type lectins (CTLs) are Ca2+ dependent carbohydrate-binding proteins that share structural homology in their carbohydrate-recognition domains (CRDs). In the present study, a novel CTL was identified from sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus (named as AjCTL-2). The deduced amino acid sequence of AjCTL-2 was homologous to CTLs from other animals with the identities ranging from 33% to 40%. It contained a canonical signal peptide at the N-terminus, a low density lipoprotein receptor class A (LDLa), a C1r/C1s/Uegf/bone morphogenetic protein 1 (CUB), and a CRD with two motif Glu-Pro-Asn (EPN) and Trp-Asn-Asp (WND) in Ca2+ binding site 2...
May 14, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769346/porcine-deltacoronavirus-accessory-protein-ns6-antagonizes-ifn-%C3%AE-production-by-interfering-with-the-binding-of-rig-i-mda5-to-double-stranded-rna
#6
Puxian Fang, Liurong Fang, Jie Ren, Yingying Hong, Xiaorong Liu, Yunyang Zhao, Dang Wang, Guiqing Peng, Shaobo Xiao
Porcine deltacoronavirus (PDCoV) has recently emerged as an enteric pathogen that can cause serious vomiting and diarrhea in suckling piglets. The first outbreak of PDCoV occurred in the United States in 2014 and was followed by reports of PDCoV in South Korea, China, Thailand, Lao people's Democratic Republic, and Vietnam, leading to economic losses for pig farms and posing considerable threat to the swine industry worldwide. Our previous studies have shown that PDCoV encodes three accessory proteins, NS6, NS7, and NS7a, but the functions of these proteins in viral replication, pathogenesis, and immune regulation remain unclear...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768171/getting-damp-s-wets-the-whistle-for-neutrophil-recruitment
#7
Emily R Watts, Sarah R Walmsley
Neutrophil recruitment in response to pathogen invasion is mediated through "self" tissue damage signals (DAMPs) and pathogen associated signals (PAMPs). In this issue of Immunity, Huang and Niethammer, (2018) demonstrate that DAMP signaling is a prerequisite for neutrophil recruitment.
May 15, 2018: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766569/differential-roles-of-melatonin-in-plant-host-resistance-and-pathogen-suppression-in-cucurbits
#8
Mihir Kumar Mandal, Haktan Suren, Brian Ward, Arezue Boroujerdi, Chandrasekar Kousik
Since the 1950s, research on the animal neurohormone melatonin, has focused on its multi-regulatory effect on patients suffering from insomnia, cancer, and Alzheimer's. In plants, melatonin plays major role in plant growth and development, and is inducible in response to diverse biotic and abiotic stresses. However, studies on the direct role of melatonin in disease suppression and as a signaling molecule in host-pathogen defense mechanism are lacking. This study provides insight on the predicted biosynthetic pathway of melatonin in watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) and how application of melatonin, an environmental-friendly immune inducer, can boost plant immunity and suppress pathogen growth where fungicide resistance and lack of genetic resistance are major problems...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Pineal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760696/podosomes-but-not-the-maturation-status-determine-the-protease-dependent-3d-migration-in-human-dendritic-cells
#9
Céline Cougoule, Claire Lastrucci, Romain Guiet, Rémi Mascarau, Etienne Meunier, Geanncarlo Lugo-Villarino, Olivier Neyrolles, Renaud Poincloux, Isabelle Maridonneau-Parini
Dendritic cells (DC) are professional Antigen-Presenting Cells scattered throughout antigen-exposed tissues and draining lymph nodes, and survey the body for pathogens. Their ability to migrate through tissues, a 3D environment, is essential for an effective immune response. Upon infection, recognition of Pathogen-Associated Molecular Patterns (PAMP) by Toll-like receptors (TLR) triggers DC maturation. Mature DC (mDC) essentially use the protease-independent, ROCK-dependent amoeboid mode in vivo , or in collagen matrices in vitro ...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760330/variations-in-volatile-oil-yield-and-composition-of-xin-yi-magnolia-biondii-pamp-flower-buds-at-different-growth-stages
#10
Mingli Hu, Mei Bai, Wei Ye, Yaling Wang, Hong Wu
Dried flower buds of Magnolia biondii Pamp. are the main ingredient in "Xin-yi" in China, and the volatile oils of M. biondii flower buds are the principal medicinal component. Gas chromatographymass spectrometry (GC-MS) and microscopic techniques were employed to detect the volatile yields of M. biondii flowers at various growth stages. The volatile oil yields of M. biondii flowers differed significantly at different growth stages and were closely related to flower dry weight, oil cell density and degree of oil accumulation...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747051/immune-modulation-of-two-batf3-paralogues-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#11
Jun Wang, Min Liu, Yang Wu, Sohye Yoon, Abdo Alnabulsi, Fuguo Liu, Clara Fernández-Álvarez, Tiehui Wang, Jason W Holland, Chris J Secombes, Jun Zou
Basic leucine zipper transcription factor ATF-like (BATF) -3 is a member of the activator protein 1 (AP‑1) family of transcription factors and is known to play a vital role in regulating differentiation of antigen-presenting cells in mammals. In this study, two BATF3 homologues (termed BATF3a and BATF3b) have been identified in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Both genes were constitutively expressed in tissues, with particularly high levels of BATF3a in spleen, liver, pyloric caecae and head kidney. BATF3a was also more highly induced by PAMPs and cytokines in cultured cells, with type II IFN a particularly potent inducer...
May 7, 2018: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739610/zipper-like-magnetic-molecularly-imprinted-microspheres-for-on-off-switchable-recognition-and-extraction-of-17%C3%AE-estradiol-from-food-samples
#12
Wenting Zhu, Hailong Peng, Mei Luo, Ningxiang Yu, Hua Xiong, Ronghui Wang, Yanbin Li
Zipper-like on/off-switchable and magnetic molecularly imprinted microspheres (SM-MIMs) were constructed using acrylamide (AAm) and 2-acrylamide-2-methyl propanesulfonic acid (AMPS) as functional monomers for 17β-estradiol (17β-E2 ) recognition and extraction. The imprinted polymer interactions between poly(AAm) (PAAm) and poly(AMPS) (PAMPS) with on/off-switchable property to temperature, exhibited dissociation at relatively higher temperatures (such as 30 °C) and helped 17β-E2 enter into imprinted sites, leading to higher binding capability...
September 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738808/a-hypervariable-immunoglobulin-superfamily-member-from-crassostrea-gigas-functions-as-pattern-recognition-receptor-with-opsonic-activity
#13
Dongyang Liu, Qilin Yi, Yichen Wu, Guangxia Lu, Changhao Gong, Xiaorui Song, Jiejie Sun, Chen Qu, Conghui Liu, Lingling Wang, Linsheng Song
Immunoglobulin superfamily (IgSF), an extensive collection of proteins possessing at least one immunoglobulin-like (Ig-like) domain, performs a wide range of functions in recognition, binding or adhesion process of cells. In the present study, a cysteine-rich motif associated immunoglobulin domain containing protein (designated CgCAICP-1) was identified in Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas. The deduced protein sequence of CgCAICP-1 contained 534 amino acid residues, with three Ig domains which were designated as IG1, IG2 and IG3, and a cysteine-rich motif between the first and second Ig domain...
May 5, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736304/the-contrasting-roles-of-inflammasomes-in-cancer
#14
REVIEW
Qin He, Yu Fu, Dean Tian, Wei Yan
Chronic inflammation plays a decisive role at different stages of cancer development. Inflammasomes are oligomeric protein complexes activated in response to pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). PAMPs and DAMPs are released from infected cells, tumors and damaged tissues. Inflammasomes activate and release inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1β and IL-18. The various inflammasomes and inflammatory cytokines and chemokines play contrasting roles in cancer development and progression...
2018: American Journal of Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734021/a-novel-peptidoglycan-recognition-protein-involved-in-the-prophenoloxidase-activation-system-and-antimicrobial-peptide-production-in-antheraea-pernyi
#15
Siqi Zhao, Xialu Wang, Siyu Cai, Siqiang Zhang, Hao Luo, Chunfu Wu, Rong Zhang, Jinghai Zhang
Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) are employed in insects to defend against infectious pathogens by triggering various immune responses. Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs), a vital family of PRRs, are widely distributed and highly conserved from vertebrates to invertebrates. To date, five PGRP genes have been identified in Antheraea pernyi, but their biochemical roles still remain unknown. In this study, we focused on the immune functions of PGRP-SA in A. pernyi (ApPGRP-SA), which was confirmed to be immune-related according to its significantly up-regulated expression level post microbial injection...
April 11, 2018: Developmental and Comparative Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733958/protein-a-from-orange-spotted-nervous-necrosis-virus-triggers-type-i-interferon-production-in-fish-cell
#16
Runqing Huang, Qiong Zhou, Yan Shi, Jing Zhang, Jianguo He, Junfeng Xie
Family Nodaviridae consists of two genera: Alphanodavirus and Betanodavirus, and the latter is classified into four genotypes, including red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus, tiger puffer nervous necrosis virus, striped jack nervous necrosis virus, and barfin flounder nervous necrosis virus. Type I interferons (IFNs) play a central role in the innate immune system and antiviral responses, and the interactions between IFN and NNV have been investigated in this study. We have found that the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) from orange-spotted nervous necrosis virus (OGNNV), named protein A, was capable of activating IFN promoter in fathead minnow (FHM) cells...
May 4, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733637/anticoagulant-properties-of-poly-sodium-2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonate-based-di-and-triblock-polymers
#17
Bartlomiej Kalaska, Kamil Kamiński, Joanna Miklosz, Keita Nakai, Shin-Ichi Yusa, Dariusz Pawlak, Maria Nowakowska, Andrzej Mogielnicki, Krzysztof Szczubiałka
Di- and triblock copolymers with low dispersity of molecular weight were synthesized using radical addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. The copolymers contained anionic poly(sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonate) (PAMPS) block as an anticoagulant component. The block added to lower the toxicity was either poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) or poly(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl phosphorylcholine) (PMPC). The polymers prolonged clotting times both in vitro and in vivo. The influence of the polymer architecture and composition on the efficacy of anticoagulation and safety parameters was evaluated...
May 7, 2018: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730580/toll-like-receptors-in-immunity-and-inflammatory-diseases-past-present-and-future
#18
REVIEW
Kumar Vijay
The immune system is a very diverse system of the host that evolved during evolution to cope with various pathogens present in the vicinity of environmental surroundings inhabited by multicellular organisms ranging from achordates to chordates (including humans). For example, cells of immune system express various pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that detect danger via recognizing specific pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and mount a specific immune response. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are one of these PRRs expressed by various immune cells...
May 3, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728859/up-regulation-of-hmgb1-and-tlr4-in-skin-lesions-of-lichen-planus
#19
Gabriel Costa de Carvalho, Fabiana Yasumoto Araujo Hirata, Rosana Domingues, Cristina Adelaide Figueiredo, Mariana Colombini Zaniboni, Naiura Vieira Pereira, Mirian Nacagami Sotto, Valéria Aoki, Alberto José da Silva Duarte, Maria Notomi Sato
Lichen planus (LP) is a chronic, mucocutaneous inflammatory disease of an unknown aetiology. The disease has been associated with certain viruses, and the factors such as DAMPs (damage-associated molecular patterns) and PAMPs (pathogen-associated molecular patterns) may also contribute to the inflammatory response in LP. HMGB1 (high mobility group box 1 protein) is one of the major DAMPs that induces inflammation and could trigger LP disease. The present study was aimed to examine TLR4, RAGE and HMGB1 production in epidermis or dermis by immunohistochemistry and the respective expression of these targets in the skin lesions of patients with LP...
May 4, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724212/molecular-characterization-and-expression-patterns-of-a-non-mammalian-toll-like-receptor-gene-tlr21-in-larvae-ontogeny-of-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-l-and-upon-immune-stimulation
#20
Hua Li, Ting Li, Yujie Guo, Yujun Li, Yan Zhang, Na Teng, Fumiao Zhang, Guiwen Yang
BACKGROUND: In the host innate immune system, various pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) recognize conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and represent an efficient first line of defense against invading pathogens. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are a major class of PRRs, which are able to recognize a wide range of PAMPs and play a central role in initiating innate immune responses. TLR21 is one of the non-mammalian TLRs identified in some bird and fish species. RESULTS: In the present study, we reported the cloning and identification of a TLR21 cDNA from the head kidney of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L...
May 3, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
keyword
keyword
22897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"