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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027222/alarmins-and-immunity
#1
REVIEW
De Yang, Zhen Han, Joost J Oppenheim
More than a decade has passed since the conceptualization of the "alarmin" hypothesis. The alarmin family has been expanding in terms of both number and the concept. It has recently become clear that alarmins play important roles as initiators and participants in a diverse range of physiological and pathophysiological processes such as host defense, regulation of gene expression, cellular homeostasis, wound healing, inflammation, allergy, autoimmunity, and oncogenesis. Here, we provide a general view on the participation of alarmins in the induction of innate and adaptive immune responses, as well as their contribution to tumor immunity...
November 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027218/cell-death-and-immunity-in-cancer-from-danger-signals-to-mimicry-of-pathogen-defense-responses
#2
REVIEW
Abhishek D Garg, Patrizia Agostinis
The immunogenicity of cancer cells is an emerging determinant of anti-cancer immunotherapy. Beyond developing immunostimulatory regimens like dendritic cell-based vaccines, immune-checkpoint blockers, and adoptive T-cell transfer, investigators are beginning to focus on the immunobiology of dying cancer cells and its relevance for the success of anticancer immunotherapies. It is currently accepted that cancer cells may die in response to anti-cancer therapies through regulated cell death programs, which may either repress or increase their immunogenic potential...
November 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986057/myeloid-related-protein-8-14-in-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
Masashi Sakuma, Atsushi Tanaka, Norihiko Kotooka, Yutaka Hikichi, Shigeru Toyoda, Shichiro Abe, Isao Taguchi, Koichi Node, Daniel I Simon, Teruo Inoue
BACKGROUND: The alarmin family member myeloid-related protein (MRP)-14 (S100A9), which has been identified by platelet transcriptional profiling as an acute myocardial infarction gene, regulates vascular inflammation and thrombosis. Elevated plasma levels of MRP-8/14 (S100A8/A9) heterodimer predict first and recurrent cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to elucidate pathophysiological roles of MRP-8/14 in acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS AND RESULTS: In 38 consecutive ACS patients, the MRP-8/14 level in coronary artery blood obtained at thrombus aspiration was higher in 23 patients, in whom aspirated thrombus was confirmed, compared to the 15 patients, in whom it was absent [4...
September 20, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969686/s100a8-a9-increases-the-mobilization-of-pro-inflammatory-ly6c-high-monocytes-to-the-synovium-during-experimental-osteoarthritis
#4
Niels A J Cremers, Martijn H J van den Bosch, Stephanie van Dalen, Irene Di Ceglie, Giuliana Ascone, Fons van de Loo, Marije Koenders, Peter van der Kraan, Annet Sloetjes, Thomas Vogl, Johannes Roth, Edwin J W Geven, Arjen B Blom, Peter L E M van Lent
BACKGROUND: Monocytes are dominant cells present within the inflamed synovium during osteoarthritis (OA). In mice, two functionally distinct monocyte subsets are described: pro-inflammatory Ly6C(high) and patrolling Ly6C(low) monocytes. Alarmins S100A8/A9 locally released by the synovium during inflammatory OA for prolonged periods may be dominant proteins involved in stimulating recruitment of Ly6C(high) monocytes from the circulation to the joint. Our objective was to investigate the role of S100A8/A9 in the mobilization of Ly6C(high) and Ly6C(low) monocytic populations to the inflamed joint in collagenase-induced OA (CiOA)...
September 29, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929026/curcumin-longa-extract-loaded-nanoemulsion-improves-the-survival-of-endotoxemic-mice-by-inhibiting-nitric-oxide-dependent-hmgb1-release
#5
Min Young Ahn, Jung Seok Hwang, Su Bi Lee, Sun Ah Ham, Jinwoo Hur, Jun Tae Kim, Han Geuk Seo
BACKGROUND: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a well-known damage-related alarmin that participates in cellular inflammatory responses. However, the mechanisms leading to HMGB1 release in inflammatory conditions and the therapeutic agents that could prevent it remain poorly understood. This study attempted to examine whether the Curcumin longa herb, which is known to have anti-inflammatory property, can modulate cellular inflammatory responses by regulating HMGB1 release. METHODS: The murine macrophage RAW264...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926540/corrigendum-s100-alarmin-induced-innate-immune-programming-protects-newborn-infants-from-sepsis
#6
Thomas Ulas, Sabine Pirr, Beate Fehlhaber, Marie S Bickes, Torsten G Loof, Thomas Vogl, Lara Mellinger, Anna S Heinemann, Johanna Burgmann, Jennifer Schöning, Sabine Schreek, Sandra Pfeifer, Friederike Reuner, Lena Völlger, Martin Stanulla, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Shirin Glander, Katarzyna Barczyk-Kahlert, Constantin S von Kaisenberg, Judith Friesenhagen, Lena Fischer-Riepe, Stefanie Zenker, Joachim L Schultze, Johannes Roth, Dorothee Viemann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923762/vitamin-d-in-asthma-mechanisms-of-action-and-considerations-for-clinical-trials
#7
REVIEW
Paul E Pfeffer, Catherine M Hawrylowicz
There is increasing interest in the therapeutic utility of vitamin D in asthma, which is supported by a significant body of evidence on epidemiologic associations between vitamin D insufficiency and worse asthma control. In support of a causal relationship, vitamin D beneficially modulates diverse immunologic pathways in heterogeneous asthma endotypes, regulating the actions of lymphocytes, mast cells, antigen-presenting cells, and structural cells to dampen excessive inflammatory responses. Allergic asthma is characterized by a failure of immune tolerance and the development of pathologic responses to inhaled aeroallergens, and vitamin D has been extensively shown to support immune regulation...
September 18, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916968/hmgb-proteins-and-arthritis
#8
REVIEW
Noboru Taniguchi, Yasuhiko Kawakami, Ikuro Maruyama, Martin Lotz
The high-mobility group box (HMGB) family includes four members: HMGB1, 2, 3 and 4. HMGB proteins have two functions. In the nucleus, HMGB proteins bind to DNA in a DNA structure-dependent but nucleotide sequence-independent manner to function in chromatin remodeling. Extracellularly, HMGB proteins function as alarmins, which are endogenous molecules released upon tissue damage to activate the immune system. HMGB1 acts as a late mediator of inflammation and contributes to prolonged and sustained systemic inflammation in subjects with rheumatoid arthritis...
September 15, 2017: Human Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916390/il-33-receptor-st2-deficiency-attenuates-renal-ischaemia-reperfusion-injury-in-euglycaemic-but-not-streptozotocin-induced-hyperglycaemic-mice
#9
M Sehnine, M Ferhat, S Sena, J M Gombert, J M Goujon, A Thierry, G Touchard, T Hauet, A Herbelin, S Hadjadj
AIM: Kidney hypoxia can predispose to the development of acute and chronic renal failure in diabetes. Ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) causes inflammation, and diabetes is known to exacerbate this inflammatory response in the kidney, whereas alarmin IL-33 could act as an innate immune mediator during kidney IRI. Thus, the present study examined the impact of genetic IL-33 receptor ST2 deficiency (ST2-/-) on renal IRI in euglycaemic and hyperglycaemic mice. METHODS: Hyperglycaemia was induced with streptozotocin (STZ) in adult male C57BL/6JRj wild-type (WT) mice and ST2-/- mice...
September 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902842/the-neuropeptide-nmu-amplifies-ilc2-driven-allergic-lung-inflammation
#10
Antonia Wallrapp, Samantha J Riesenfeld, Patrick R Burkett, Raja-Elie E Abdulnour, Jackson Nyman, Danielle Dionne, Matan Hofree, Michael S Cuoco, Christopher Rodman, Daneyal Farouq, Brian J Haas, Timothy L Tickle, John J Trombetta, Pankaj Baral, Christoph S N Klose, Tanel Mahlakõiv, David Artis, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Isaac M Chiu, Bruce D Levy, Monika S Kowalczyk, Aviv Regev, Vijay K Kuchroo
Type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) both contribute to mucosal homeostasis and initiate pathologic inflammation in allergic asthma. However, the signals that direct ILC2s to promote homeostasis versus inflammation are unclear. To identify such molecular cues, we profiled mouse lung-resident ILCs using single-cell RNA sequencing at steady state and after in vivo stimulation with the alarmin cytokines IL-25 and IL-33. ILC2s were transcriptionally heterogeneous after activation, with subpopulations distinguished by expression of proliferative, homeostatic and effector genes...
September 21, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898270/cyclic-stretch-induced-il-33-production-through-hmgb1-tlr-4-signaling-pathway-in-murine-respiratory-epithelial-cells
#11
Jing Chang, Yuefeng Xia, Karla Wasserloos, Meihong Deng, Kory J Blose, David A Vorp, Heth R Turnquist, Timothy R Billiar, Bruce A Pitt, Ma-Zhong Zhang, Li-Ming Zhang
Interleukin 33 (IL-33), an inflammatory and mechanically responsive cytokine, is an important component of a TLR4-dependent innate immune process in mucosal epithelium. Although TLR4 also plays a role in sensing biomechanical stretch, a pathway of stretch-induced TLR4-dependent IL-33 biosynthesis has not been revealed. In the current study, we show that short term (6 h) cyclic stretch (CS) of cultured murine respiratory epithelial cells (MLE-12) increased intracellular IL-33 expression in a TLR4 dependent fashion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885322/is-serum-high-mobility-group-box-1-hmgb-1-level-correlated-with-liver-fibrosis-in-chronic-hepatitis-b
#12
Ahmet Cagkan Inkaya, Nazlim Aktug Demir, Servet Kolgelier, Sua Sumer, Lutfi Saltuk Demir, Onur Ural, Fatma Seher Pehlivan, Mahmure Aslan, Abdullah Arpaci
BACKGROUND: High-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), identified as an alarmin molecule, was shown to have a role in virus-triggered liver injury. We aimed to evaluate the association between serum levels of HMGB1 and liver fibrosis. METHOD: This cross-sectional case-control study included 189 chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients and 51 healthy controls. All patients underwent liver biopsy and modified Knodell scoring system used to determine the fibrosis level in CHB patients...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870670/il-1-receptor-like-1-protects-against-alcoholic-liver-injury-by-limiting-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation-in-hepatic-macrophages
#13
Meng Wang, Guannan Shen, Liangguo Xu, Xiaodong Liu, Jared M Brown, Dechun Feng, Ruth Ann Ross, Bin Gao, Suthat Liangpunsakul, Cynthia Ju
BACKGROUND & AIM: Alcohol consumption, through increasing intestinal permeability and causing hepatocytes damage, leads to the release of pathogen- and damage-associated molecular pattern molecules (PAMPs and DAMPs). These molecules stimulate hepatic macrophages (MΦs) and activate NF-κB, resulting in inflammation and exacerbating alcoholic liver disease (ALD). However, much less is known about the mechanisms attenuating inflammation and preventing disease progression in the majority of the heavy drinkers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869974/neuronal-regulation-of-type-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-via-neuromedin-u
#14
Vânia Cardoso, Julie Chesné, Hélder Ribeiro, Bethania García-Cassani, Tânia Carvalho, Tiffany Bouchery, Kathleen Shah, Nuno L Barbosa-Morais, Nicola Harris, Henrique Veiga-Fernandes
Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) regulate inflammation, tissue repair and metabolic homeostasis, and are activated by host-derived cytokines and alarmins. Discrete subsets of immune cells integrate nervous system cues, but it remains unclear whether neuron-derived signals control ILC2s. Here we show that neuromedin U (NMU) in mice is a fast and potent regulator of type 2 innate immunity in the context of a functional neuron-ILC2 unit. We found that ILC2s selectively express neuromedin U receptor 1 (Nmur1), and mucosal neurons express NMU...
September 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858636/damage-associated-molecular-pattern-markers-hmgb1-and-cell-free-fetal-telomere-fragments-in-oxidative-stressed-amnion-epithelial-cell-derived-exosomes
#15
Samantha Sheller-Miller, Rheanna Urrabaz-Garza, George Saade, Ramkumar Menon
Term labor in humans is associated with increased oxidative stress (OS) -induced senescence and damages to amnion epithelial cells (AECs). Senescent fetal cells release alarmin high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) and cell-free fetal telomere fragments (cffTF) which can be carried by exosomes to other uterine tissues to produce parturition-associated inflammatory changes. This study characterized AEC-derived exosomes under normal and OS conditions and their packaging of HMGB1 and cffTF. Primary AECs were treated with either standard media or oxidative stress-induced media (exposure to cigarette smoke extract for 48h)...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853918/human-bronchial-epithelial-cell-derived-factors-from-severe-asthmatic-subjects-stimulate-eosinophil-differentiation
#16
Brittany M A Salter, Steven G Smith, Manali Mukherjee, Sophie Plante, Sakktee Krisna, Graeme Nusca, John Paul Oliveria, Anam Irshad, Gail M Gauvreau, Jamila Chakir, Parameswaran Nair, Roma Sehmi
RATIONALE: Activated bronchial epithelial cells release alarmins, including thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) that drive type 2 inflammatory responses. We hypothesize that bronchial epithelial-derived factors enhance in situ eosinophil differentiation and maturation from myeloid precursors, a process that is driven by an IL-5 rich micro-environment within asthma airways. METHODS: To assess the eosinophilopoietic potential of epithelial-derived factors, eosinophil/basophil colony forming units (Eo/B-CFU) were enumerated in 14-day methylcellulose cultures of blood-derived mononuclear cells (NAMNCs) incubated with bronchial epithelial cell supernatants (BECSN) from healthy non-atopic controls (NC; n = 8), mild atopic asthmatics (MA; n = 9) and severe asthmatics (SA; n = 5)...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844856/rip3-and-pmlkl-promote-necroptosis-induced-inflammation-and-alter-membrane-permeability-in-intestinal-epithelial-cells
#17
Anna Negroni, Eleonora Colantoni, Maria Pierdomenico, Francesca Palone, Manuela Costanzo, Salvatore Oliva, Antonio Tiberti, Salvatore Cucchiara, Laura Stronati
BACKGROUND: Necroptosis is an inflammatory form of programmed cell death requiring receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL). AIMS: The aim of this study is to examine in depth in vitro and ex vivo the contribution of necroptosis to intestinal inflammation. METHODS: In vitro: we used an intestinal cell line, HCT116RIP3, produced in our laboratory and overexpressing RIP3. Ex vivo: intestinal mucosal biopsies were taken from patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (20 with Crohn's disease; 20 with ulcerative colitis) and from 20 controls...
August 10, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806702/hmgb1-redox-during-sepsis
#18
Wasan Abdulmahdi, Devika Patel, May M Rabadi, Tala Azar, Edson Jules, Mark Lipphardt, Rameen Hashemiyoon, Brian B Ratliff
During sepsis, the alarmin HMGB1 is released from tissues and promotes systemic inflammation that results in multi-organ damage, with the kidney particularly susceptible to injury. The severity of inflammation and pro-damage signaling mediated by HMGB1 appears to be dependent on the alarmin's redox state. Therefore, we examined HMGB1 redox in kidney cells during sepsis. Using intravital microscopy, CellROX labeling of kidneys in live mice indicated increased ROS generation in the kidney perivascular endothelium and tubules during lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis...
August 4, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804219/damps-synergize-with-cytokines-or-fibronectin-fragment-on-inducing-chondrolysis-but-lose-effect-when-acting-alone
#19
Lei Ding, Joseph A Buckwalter, James A Martin
OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: To investigate whether endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) or alarmins originated from mitochondria or nucleus stimulates inflammatory response in articular chondrocytes to cause chondrolysis which leads to cartilage degradation featured in posttraumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). MATERIALS: Primary cultures of bovine or human chondrocytes isolated from cartilage of weight-bearing joints. TREATMENT: Chondrocytes were subjected to mitochondrial DAMPs (MTDs) or HMGB1, a nuclear DAMP (NuD), with or without the presence of an N-terminal 29 kDa fibronectin fragment (Fn-f) or proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and TNF-α)...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791019/macrophage-inducible-c-type-lectin-as-a-multifunctional-player-in-immunity
#20
REVIEW
Emmanuel C Patin, Selinda Jane Orr, Ulrich E Schaible
The macrophage-inducible C-type lectin (Mincle) is an innate immune receptor on myeloid cells sensing diverse entities including pathogens and damaged cells. Mincle was first described as a receptor for the mycobacterial cell wall glycolipid, trehalose-6,6'-dimycolate, or cord factor, and the mammalian necrotic cell-derived alarmin histone deacetylase complex unit Sin3-associated protein 130. Upon engagement by its ligands, Mincle induces secretion of innate cytokines and other immune mediators modulating inflammation and immunity...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
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