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Programmatic assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293978/piloting-an-email-based-resource-package-for-job-seekers-with-multiple-sclerosis
#1
Diana Dorstyn, Rachel Roberts, Gregory Murphy, Ian Kneebone, Christine Migliorini, Ashley Craig, Claire Hutchinson, Deborah Field
PURPOSE: Media-based rehabilitation provides a powerful opportunity to examine vocational behaviors in the disability sector. However, this research is preliminary at best. This paper reports pilot data. METHOD: Eighteen adults with multiple sclerosis (MS) accessed an email-delivered, resource-based package, Work and MS. Pre- and post-access vocational self-efficacy and identity (Job-Procurement Self Efficacy Scale, My Vocational Situation Scale- primary outcomes), life orientation and depressed mood (Life Orientation Test - revised and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 - secondary outcomes) were assessed...
May 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290092/evaluation-of-mammogram-parties-as-an-effective-community-navigation-method
#2
Kristi L Allgood, Bijou Hunt, Jacqueline M Kanoon, Melissa A Simon
Women of color do not have the same level of access to mammography services as their White counterparts, and this inequity may be one of the contributing factors to the documented racial disparity in breast cancer mortality in the US. The present study sought to assess the effectiveness of the mammogram party, a promising, but under-studied approach to increasing mammography uptake, particularly among under-served populations. The program targeted mammogram-eligible women in community settings on the west and southwest sides of Chicago, gathering basic demographic information, mammography history, and interest in assistance obtaining a mammogram...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275444/the-impact-of-thailand-s-public-health-response-to-the-hiv-epidemic-1984-2015-understanding-the-ingredients-of-success
#3
EDITORIAL
Taweesap Siraprapasiri, Sumet Ongwangdee, Patchara Benjarattanaporn, Wiwat Peerapatanapokin, Mukta Sharma
INTRODUCTION: Thailand has been heralded as a global leader in HIV prevention and treatment, and its experience with the HIV/AIDS epidemic holds valuable lessons for public health. This paper documents Thailand's response to its HIV epidemic from the late 1980s until today, and analyses its epidemiological impact (incidence and mortality). We discuss the association between the trajectory of HIV incidence and mortality rates over time, and the programmatic investments, policies and interventions that were implemented in the last three decades...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274214/the-impact-of-integrated-prevention-and-treatment-on-child-malnutrition-and-health-the-promis-project-a-randomized-control-trial-in-burkina-faso-and-mali
#4
Lieven Huybregts, Elodie Becquey, Amanda Zongrone, Agnes Le Port, Regina Khassanova, Lazare Coulibaly, Jef L Leroy, Rahul Rawat, Marie T Ruel
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that both preventive and curative nutrition interventions are needed to tackle child acute malnutrition (AM) in developing countries. In addition to reducing the incidence of AM, providing preventive interventions may also help increase attendance (and coverage) of AM screening, a major constraint in the community-based management of child acute malnutrition (CMAM) model. There is a paucity of evidence-based strategies to deliver integrated preventive and curative interventions effectively and affordably at scale...
March 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245571/vitamin-a-supplementation-programs-and-country-level-evidence-of-vitamin-a-deficiency
#5
REVIEW
James P Wirth, Nicolai Petry, Sherry A Tanumihardjo, Lisa M Rogers, Erin McLean, Alison Greig, Greg S Garrett, Rolf D W Klemm, Fabian Rohner
Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) programs targeted at children aged 6-59 months are implemented in many countries. By improving immune function, vitamin A (VA) reduces mortality associated with measles, diarrhea, and other illnesses. There is currently a debate regarding the relevance of VAS, but amidst the debate, researchers acknowledge that the majority of nationally-representative data on VA status is outdated. To address this data gap and contribute to the debate, we examined data from 82 countries implementing VAS programs, identified other VA programs, and assessed the recentness of national VA deficiency (VAD) data...
February 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241762/building-capacity-in-clinical-epidemiology-in-africa-experiences-from-masters-programmes
#6
Taryn Young, Celeste Naude, Tania Brodovcky, Tonya Esterhuizen
BACKGROUND: To describe and contrast programmatic offering of Clinical Epidemiology Masters programmes in Africa, to evaluate experiences of graduates and faculty, and assess if graduates are playing roles in research, practice and teaching of Clinical Epidemiology. METHODS: We searched and identified relevant programmes, reviewed programmatic documentation, interviewed convenors and surveyed graduates. Participants provided informed consent, interviews with faculty were recorded and transcribed for analysis purposes, and graduates participated in an online survey...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209120/factors-influencing-utilisation-of-maternal-health-services-by-adolescent-mothers-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#7
Oluwasola Eniola Banke-Thomas, Aduragbemi Oluwabusayo Banke-Thomas, Charles Anawo Ameh
BACKGROUND: Adolescent mothers aged 15-19 years are known to have greater risks of maternal morbidity and mortality compared with women aged 20-24 years, mostly due to their unique biological, sociological and economic status. Nowhere Is the burden of disease greater than in low-and middle-income countries (LMICs). Understanding factors that influence adolescent utilisation of essential maternal health services (MHS) would be critical in improving their outcomes. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature for articles published until December 2015 to understand how adolescent MHS utilisation has been assessed in LMICs and factors affecting service utilisation by adolescent mothers...
February 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166728/why-being-an-expert-despite-xpert-remains-crucial-for-children-in-high-tb-burden-settings
#8
Jason M Bacha, Katherine Ngo, Petra Clowes, Heather R Draper, Elias N Ntinginya, Andrew DiNardo, Chacha Mangu, Issa Sabi, Bariki Mtafya, Anna M Mandalakas
BACKGROUND: As access to Xpert expands in high TB-burden settings, its performance against clinically diagnosed TB as a reference standard provides important insight as the majority of childhood TB is bacteriologically unconfirmed. We aim to describe the characteristics and outcomes of children with presumptive TB and TB disease, and assess performance of Xpert under programmatic conditions against a clinical diagnosis of TB as a reference standard. METHODS: Retrospective review of children evaluated for presumptive TB in Mbeya, Tanzania...
February 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166701/aligning-yoga-with-its-evolving-role-in-health-care
#9
Avinash R Patwardhan
Evidence is accumulating that suggests that yoga has beneficial effects in mitigating the impact of certain diseases. As a result, efforts are being made to medicalize yoga and use it within integrative medicine as a therapy. However, there are substantial shortcomings in the practice, policy, and research of yoga that undermine its optimal use. Yoga as a modality functions within a context. Therefore, it is important to occasionally step back and examine the entirety of the context from a high vantage to assess whether the tactical and programmatic endeavors are aligned with the strategic intended purpose...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166254/establishing-a-cost-per-result-of-laboratory-based-reflex-cryptococcal-antigenaemia-screening-crag-in-hiv-patients-with-cd4-counts-less-than-100-cells-%C3%AE-l-using-a-lateral-flow-assay-lfa-at-a-typical-busy-cd4-laboratory-in-south-africa
#10
Naseem Cassim, Kathryn Schnippel, Lindi Marie Coetzee, Deborah Kim Glencross
INTRODUCTION: Cryptococcal meningitis is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in countries with high HIV prevalence, primarily affecting patients whose CD4 are < = 100 cells/μl. Routine Cryptococcal Antigen (CrAg) screening is thus recommended in the South African HIV treatment guidelines for all patients with CD4 counts < = 100 cells/μl, followed by pre-emptive anti-fungal therapy where CrAg results are positive. A laboratory-based reflexed CrAg screening approach, using a Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) on remnant EDTA CD4 blood samples, was piloted at three CD4 laboratories...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166065/estimation-of-causes-of-death-in-suburban-nepal-using-verbal-autopsy
#11
N Ide, A L Fitzpatrick, A D Flaxman, R Koju, D Tamrakar, B Hernandez
Background Nepal is in the midst of a disease transition, including a rapid increase of noncommunicable diseases. In order for health policy makers and planners to make informed programmatic and funding decisions, they need up to date and accurate data regarding cause of death throughout the country. Methods of improving cause of death reporting in Nepal are urgently required. Objective We sought to validate SmartVA-Analyze, an application which computer certifies verbal autopsies, to evaluate it as a method for collecting mortality data in Nepal...
April 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154759/diarrhea-no-more-does-zinc-help-the-poor-evidence-on-the-effectiveness-of-programmatic-efforts-to-reach-poorest-in-delivering-zinc-and-ors-at-scale-in-up-and-gujarat-india
#12
Amnesty E LeFevre, Diwakar Mohan, Sarmila Mazumder, Laura L Lamberti, Sunita Taneja, Robert E Black, Christa L Fischer-Walker
BACKGROUND: India has the greatest burden of diarrhea in children under 5 years globally. The Diarrhea Alleviation through zinc and oral rehydration salts (ORS) Therapy program (2010-2014) sought to improve access to and utilization of zinc and ORS among children 2-59 months in Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh (UP), India, through public and private sector delivery channels. In this analysis, we present findings on program's effect in reducing child-health inequities. METHODS: Data from cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys were used to assess disparities in key outcomes across six dimensions: socioeconomic strata, gender, caregiver education, ethnicity and geography...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152730/addressing-patient-needs-through-compilation-of-self-reported-verbatim-comments
#13
Diane Denny, Sarah Hizon, Danielle Kendrick, Maurie Markman
111 Background: Cancer Treatment Centers of America, Inc. (CTCA) is a national network of five hospitals that specialize in the treatment of patients fighting complex or advanced-stage cancer. The Symptom Inventory Tool (SIT) is an assessment that captures the patients' perceived symptom burden, from baseline and every 21 days thereafter. The SIT is comprised of questions utilizing the M.D. Anderson Symptom Inventory tool, with eight questions and a free text box added by CTCA. Patient comments are provided in approximately 5% of all assessments (representing 3,700 comments) since initiation of the SIT...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148332/what-s-new-in-graduate-medical-education
#14
Raquel G Hernandez
The development of new graduate medical education programmes provides both opportunities and challenges. Efforts to address physician workforce shortages as well as a realisation that curricula need to be updated to adjust to our rapidly changing healthcare environment have resulted in more educators considering the "how to" and "what's new" of programme development. Understanding the Next Accreditation System, an accreditation system introduced by the Accreditation Council of Graduate Medical Education in 2012, is critical to the success of new as well as existing residency and fellowship programmes...
December 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141812/the-significant-scale-up-and-success-of-transmission-assessment-surveys-tas-for-endgame-surveillance-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-bangladesh-one-step-closer-to-the-elimination-goal-of-2020
#15
A K M Shamsuzzaman, Rouseli Haq, Mohammad J Karim, Motasim B Azad, A S M Sultan Mahmood, Abul Khair, Muhammad Mujibur Rahman, Israt Hafiz, K D Ramaiah, Charles D Mackenzie, Hayley E Mableson, Louise A Kelly-Hope
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh had one of the highest burdens of lymphatic filariasis (LF) at the start of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) with an estimated 70 million people at risk of infection across 34 districts. In total 19 districts required mass drug administration (MDA) to interrupt transmission, and 15 districts were considered low endemic. Since 2001, the National LF Programme has implemented MDA, reduced prevalence, and been able to scale up the WHO standard Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS) across all endemic districts as part of its endgame surveillance strategy...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137261/delaying-first-birth-an-analysis-of-household-survey-data-from-rural-southern-tanzania
#16
Yovitha Sedekia, Rose Nathan, Kathryn Church, Silas Temu, Claudia Hanson, Joanna Schellenberg, Tanya Marchant
BACKGROUND: Currently, family planning metrics derived from nationally-representative household surveys such as the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) categorise women into those desiring to space or limit (permanently stop) births, or according to their age in the case of young women. This conceptualisation potentially ignores a large and growing group of young women who desire to delay a first birth. This study uses household survey data to investigate the characteristics and needs for family planning of women who want to delay their first birth...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120259/a-practical-approach-to-programmatic-assessment-design
#17
A A Timmerman, J Dijkstra
Assessment of complex tasks integrating several competencies calls for a programmatic design approach. As single instruments do not provide the information required to reach a robust judgment of integral performance, 73 guidelines for programmatic assessment design were developed. When simultaneously applying these interrelated guidelines, it is challenging to keep a clear overview of all assessment activities. The goal of this study was to provide practical support for applying a programmatic approach to assessment design, not bound to any specific educational paradigm...
January 24, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119389/citizenship-status-and-engagement-in-hiv-care-an-observational-cohort-study-to-assess-the-association-between-reporting-a-national-id-number-and-retention-in-public-sector-hiv-care-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#18
Kate Shearer, Kate Clouse, Gesine Meyer-Rath, William MacLeod, Mhairi Maskew, Ian Sanne, Lawrence Long, Matthew P Fox
OBJECTIVE: In many resource-limited settings, people from rural areas migrate to urban hubs in search of work. Thus, urban public-sector HIV clinics in South Africa (SA) often cater to both local residents and patients from other provinces and/or countries. The objective of this analysis was to compare programmatic treatment outcomes by citizenship status in an urban clinic in SA. SETTING: An urban public-sector HIV treatment facility in Johannesburg, SA. PARTICIPANTS: We included all antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naïve, non-pregnant patients who initiated standard first-line treatment from January 2008 to December 2013...
January 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103891/a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-barriers-to-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-gogrial-west-south-sudan
#19
Lynn Lawry, Covadonga Canteli, Tahina Rabenzanahary, Wartini Pramana
BACKGROUND: Health conditions for mothers, newborns, and children in South Sudan are among the worst worldwide. South Sudan has the highest rate of maternal mortality in the world and despite alarming statistics, few women and children in South Sudan have access to needed healthcare, especially in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers to maternal, newborn and child health in Gogrial West, Warrap State, South Sudan, one of the most underdeveloped states...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103066/practice-based-evidence-in-community-guide-systematic-reviews
#20
Namita Vaidya, Anilkrishna B Thota, Krista K Proia, Sara Jamieson, Shawna L Mercer, Randy W Elder, Paula Yoon, Rachel Kaufmann, Stephanie Zaza
OBJECTIVES: To assess the relative contributions and quality of practice-based evidence (PBE) and research-based evidence (RBE) in The Guide to Community Preventive Services (The Community Guide). METHODS: We developed operational definitions for PBE and RBE in which the main distinguishing feature was whether allocation of participants to intervention and comparison conditions was under the control of researchers (RBE) or not (PBE). We conceptualized a continuum between RBE and PBE...
March 2017: American Journal of Public Health
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