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Programmatic assessment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779161/empowering-lay-counsellors-with-technology-masivukeni-a-standardized-multimedia-counselling-support-tool-to-deliver-art-counselling
#1
H Gouse, R N Robbins, C A Mellins, A Kingon, J Rowe, M Henry, R H Remien, A Pearson, F Victor, J A Joska
Lay-counsellors in resource-limited settings convey critical HIV- and ART-information, and face challenges including limited training and variable application of counselling. This study explored lay-counsellors and Department of Health (DoH) perspectives on the utility of a multimedia adherence counselling program. Masivukeni, an mHealth application that provides scaffolding for delivering standardized ART counselling was used in a 3-year randomized control trail at two primary health care clinics in Cape Town, South Africa...
May 19, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769072/provider-and-patient-perceptions-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-use-in-nigeria-a-cross-sectional-evaluation
#2
Olugbenga A Mokuolu, Olufemi O Ajumobi, Godwin N Ntadom, Olanrewaju T Adedoyin, Alero A Roberts, Chimere O Agomo, Kate U Edozieh, Henrietta U Okafor, Robinson D Wammanda, Friday A Odey, Ibrahim K Maikore, Olatayo O Abikoye, Adekunle D Alabi, Chiomah Amajoh, Bala M Audu
BACKGROUND: Nigeria commenced a phased programmatic deployment of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) at the primary health care (PHC) facility levels since 2011. Despite various efforts, the national testing rate for malaria is still very low. The uptake of RDT has been variable. This study was undertaken to determine the provider and patient perceptions to RDT use at the PHC level in Nigeria with their implications for improving uptake and compliance. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 120 randomly selected PHCs across six states, across the six-geopolitical zones of Nigeria in January 2013...
May 16, 2018: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768503/high-uptake-of-antiretroviral-therapy-among-hiv-positive-tb-patients-receiving-co-located-services-in-swaziland
#3
Ishani Pathmanathan, Munyaradzi Pasipamire, Sherri Pals, E Kainne Dokubo, Peter Preko, Trong Ao, Sikhathele Mazibuko, Janet Ongole, Themba Dhlamini, Samson Haumba
BACKGROUND: Swaziland has the highest adult HIV prevalence and second highest rate of TB/HIV coinfection globally. Recently, the Ministry of Health and partners have increased integration and co-location of TB/HIV services, but the timing of antiretroviral therapy (ART) relative to TB treatment-a marker of program quality and predictor of outcomes-is unknown. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of programmatic data from 11 purposefully-sampled facilities to evaluate timely ART provision for HIV-positive TB patients enrolled on TB treatment between July-November 2014...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758064/risk-perception-and-sex-behaviour-in-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding-in-high-hiv-prevalence-settings-programmatic-implications-for-prep-delivery
#4
Dvora Joseph Davey, Elise Farley, Catriona Towriss, Yolanda Gomba, Linda-Gail Bekker, Pamina Gorbach, Steven Shoptaw, Thomas Coates, Landon Myer
HIV acquisition during pregnancy and breastfeeding significantly contributes toward paediatric HIV infection; however, little is known about risk behaviours in HIV-uninfected pregnant and postpartum women. We conducted twenty-six in-depth-interviews between July and December 2016 using a semi-structured interview guide among HIV-uninfected pregnant and recently postpartum women at-risk of HIV acquisition (defined as reporting ≥1 of the following: partner's serostatus unknown or HIV-infected, recent condomless sex in pregnancy, and/or alcohol use during pregnancy) who attended primary healthcare services...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756635/trends-in-the-use-of-mammography-for-early-breast-cancer-detection-in-switzerland-swiss-health-surveys-2007-and-2012
#5
Lukas Fenner, Anja Kässner, Claudia Berlin, Matthias Egger, Marcel Zwahlen
AIMS: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. We assessed changes in the use of breast cancer screening 2007-2012 in Switzerland, and associations with socioeconomic and health-related determinants. METHODS: We used the nationwide and representative data from the Swiss Health Surveys 2007 and 2012. We analysed the self-reported use of mammography in the last 12 months (proportion of population) among women aged 40-79 years, and opportunistic (without clinical symptoms, initiated by the woman or a physician) and programmatic screening mammography (as part of a systematic screening programme)...
May 14, 2018: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709733/a-prospective-study-of-newly-incident-cannabis-use-and-cannabis-risk-perceptions-results-from-the-united-states-monitoring-the-future-study-1976-2013
#6
Maria A Parker, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: A prevailing epidemiological theory about drug use occurrence among secondary school students is that trends in perceived risk of drug-related harms can drive use. If so, cannabis risk perceptions during one school year should predict newly incident cannabis use in the same school the following year. We aimed to study trends in incidence and epidemiological clustering of cannabis use among United States (US) 12th-graders, and a novel prediction that incidence in school-year 't' is influenced by school-specific cannabis risk perceptions (CRP) of 12th-graders a year prior at 't-1'...
April 15, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708081/predictors-of-antimicrobial-stewardship-program-recommendation-disagreement
#7
Laura L Bio, Jenna F Kruger, Betty P Lee, Matthew S Wood, Hayden T Schwenk
OBJECTIVETo identify predictors of disagreement with antimicrobial stewardship prospective audit and feedback recommendations (PAFR) at a free-standing children's hospital.DESIGNRetrospective cohort study of audits performed during the antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) from March 30, 2015, to April 17, 2017.METHODSThe ASP included audits of antimicrobial use and communicated PAFR to the care team, with follow-up on adherence to recommendations. The primary outcome was disagreement with PAFR. Potential predictors for disagreement, including patient-level, antimicrobial, programmatic, and provider-level factors, were assessed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models...
April 30, 2018: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696034/review-of-iodine-nutrition-in-iranian-population-in-the-past-quarter-of-century
#8
REVIEW
Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Iodine deficiency is one of the most important health problems worldwide. The overall aim of this study was a narrative review of the past and present status of iodine nutrition in the Iranian population to gather and provide valuable background data in this field for future studies. Evidence Acquisition: For this narrative literature review study, published internal (SID, Iran doc, Iran medex) and international (Web of knowledge, Pubmed, SCOPUS) source studies were searched using the following medical subject heading terms: Iodine, IDD (iodine deficiency disorders), UIC (urinary iodine concentration), Goiter, IQ (intelligence quotient), thyroid hormone, Iodine and pregnancy, Iodine and breast feeding, as well as Iodized salt, reporting the prevalence of iodine deficiency and iodine nutrition status of different target populations in Iran over 25 years, between 1988 - 2014, were assessed...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692980/leveraging-national-cancer-institute-programmatic-collaboration-for-uterine-cervix-cancer-patient-accrual-in-puerto-rico
#9
Charles A Kunos, Holly A Massett, Annette Galassi, Joan L Walker, Marge J Good, Luis Báez Díaz, Worta McCaskill-Stevens
Women in the U.S. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (PR) have a higher age-adjusted incidence rate for uterine cervix cancer than the U.S. mainland as well as substantial access and economic barriers to cancer care. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) funds a Minority/Underserved NCI Community Oncology Research Program in PR (PRNCORP) as part of a national network of community-based health-care systems to conduct multisite cancer clinical trials in diverse populations. Participation by the PRNCORP in NCI's uterine cervix cancer clinical trials, however, has remained limited...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692438/the-use-of-portfolios-in-us-pharmacy-schools
#10
REVIEW
Kimberly K Daugherty, Denise M Cumberland
Objective. To conduct a review of the pharmacy literature on the use of portfolios in US pharmacy schools. Findings. This study provides examples of how pharmacy schools are using portfolios in various parts and across their curricula, however, assessment/outcome data is lacking. These examples can be used as a starting point for schools as they begin to design their own use of portfolios. Overall, students indicated that the use of portfolios is important in their professional development, but significant time is needed to complete...
April 2018: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688176/impact-of-bleeding-assessment-and-adjudication-methodology-on-event-rates-and-clinical-trial-outcomes-insights-from-the-horizons-ami-trial
#11
Ioanna Kosmidou, Gary S Mintz, Tannas Jatene, Monica Embacher, Björn Redfors, S Chiu Wong, Ovidiu Dressler, Roxana Mehran, Ori Ben-Yehuda, Paul L Jenkins, Gregg W Stone
AIMS: Bleeding is a major safety outcome in cardiovascular trials. The present study assessed the impact of the adjudication process of bleeding events on 3-year outcomes in the Harmonizing Outcomes with Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction (HORIZONS-AMI) trial. METHODS AND RESULTS: HORIZONS-AMI enrolled 3,602 patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention. An independent CEC reviewed 445 potential bleeding events identified from 3 sources: 339 site-reported (SR), 35 CEC-identified, and 71 database (DB)-triggered events based on programmatic identification of a decline in hemoglobin of ≥3 g/dL or in hematocrit by ≥9%; of those, 383/445 (86...
April 24, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684122/technical-quality-of-delivery-care-in-private-and-public-sector-health-facilities-in-enugu-and-lagos-states-nigeria
#12
Atsumi Hirose, Ibrahim O Yisa, Amina Aminu, Nathanael Afolabi, Makinde Olasunmbo, George Oluka, Khalilu Muhammad, Julia Hussein
Private-sector providers are increasingly being recognized as important contributors to the delivery of healthcare. Countries with high disease burdens and limited public-sector resources are considering using the private sector to achieve universal health coverage. However, evidence for the technical quality of private-sector care is lacking. This study assesses the technical quality of maternal healthcare during delivery in public- and private-sector facilities in resource-limited settings, from a systems and programmatic perspective...
April 18, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683794/the-mount-sinai-international-enhancement-of-social-work-leadership-program-the-past-and-the-future
#13
Elisa Gordon, Karen Green, Louisa Whitwam, Irwin Epstein, Susan Bernstein
Developed in 1988, the Mount Sinai International Enhancement of Social Work Leadership Program brings 4-6 social workers from several countries each year to the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City, where they meet with leaders from the hospital, community based organizations and graduate schools of social work, to enhance their leadership ability, strengthen management and research skills, and build upon global social work relationships. This article reviews the results of a survey conducted in 2016 to assess whether the visiting scholars met established learning objectives of the Program...
July 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680115/a-community-level-initiative-to-prevent-obesity-results-from-kaiser-permanente-s-healthy-eating-active-living-zones-initiative-in-california
#14
Allen Cheadle, Akpene Atiedu, Suzanne Rauzon, Pamela M Schwartz, Laura Keene, Mehrnaz Davoudi, Rebecca Spring, Michelle Molina, Lynda Lee, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Clara Steimberg, Roberta Tinajero, Jodi Ravel, Jean Nudelman, Andrea Misako Azuma, Elena S Kuo, Loel Solomon
INTRODUCTION: A growing number of health systems are leading health promotion efforts in their wider communities. What impact are these efforts having on health behaviors and ultimately health status? This paper presents evaluation results from the place-based Kaiser Permanente Healthy Eating Active Living Zones obesity prevention initiative, implemented in 2011-2015 in 12 low-income communities in Kaiser Permanente's Northern and Southern California Regions. METHODS: The Healthy Eating Active Living Zones design targeted places and people through policy, environmental, and programmatic strategies...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673302/disjunctures-in-experiences-of-support-during-the-transition-to-fatherhood-of-men-who-have-used-intimate-partner-violence
#15
Juliana Carlson, Erin Casey
The transition to fatherhood has been shown to be a stressful time for men, and their experiences of identifying and accessing formal and informal support are mixed. However, research on the experience of men who use intimate partner violence (IPV) during the transition to fatherhood is limited. The evidence documenting the prevalence and short- and long-term impact of violence perpetrated by men against women during pregnancy and postpartum demonstrates the seriousness of this public health issue. To understand the mechanisms of interrupting IPV by engaging men, the gap between what is known about experiences of identifying the need for and access to support during the transition to fatherhood of men with past and current histories of using IPV must be bridged...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643868/measuring-learning-of-medical-students-through-programmatic-assessment
#16
EDITORIAL
Rehan Ahmed Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615443/postpartum-family-planning-integration-with-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-services-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-client-flow-patterns-in-india-and-kenya
#17
Devon Mackenzie, Anne Pfitzer, Christina Maly, Charles Waka, Gajendra Singh, Abanti Sanyal
OBJECTIVES: Maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) services represent opportunities to integrate postpartum family planning (PPFP). Objectives were to determine levels of MNCH-family planning (FP) integration and associations between integration, client characteristics and service delivery factors in facilities that received programmatic PPFP support. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional client flow assessment conducted during May-July 2014, over 5 days at 10 purposively selected public sector facilities in India (4 hospitals) and Kenya (2 hospitals and 4 health centres)...
April 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609893/evaluation-of-the-characteristics-of-a-workplace-assessment-form-to-assess-entrustable-professional-activities-epas-in-an-undergraduate-surgery-core-clerkship
#18
Vernon R Curran, Diana Deacon, Henry Schulz, Katherine Stringer, Craig N Stone, Norah Duggan, Heidi Coombs-Thorne
OBJECTIVE: Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs) are explicit, directly observable tasks requiring the demonstration of specific knowledge, skills, and behaviors that learners are expected to perform without direct supervision once they have gained sufficient competence. Undergraduate level implementation of EPAs is relatively new. We examined the characteristics of a workplace assessment form (clinic card) as part of a formative programmatic assessment process of EPAs for a core undergraduate surgery rotation...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608617/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-french-service-members
#19
Sandrine Duron, Henri Panjo, Aline Bohet, Christine Bigaillon, Sébastien Sicard, Nathalie Bajos, Jean-Baptiste Meynard, Audrey Mérens, Caroline Moreau
INTRODUCTION: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) have always represented a public health concern in the military, yet most studies rely on self-reports among non-random samples of military populations. In addition, most of the studies exploring STI rates among the military focus on US service members. This paper assesses the prevalence and correlates of STIs in the French military using biomarkers and compares self-reported versus diagnosed STIs. METHODS: Data are drawn from the COSEMIL study, a national sexual health survey conducted in the French military in 2014 and 2015...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606896/deconstructing-programmatic-assessment
#20
Tim J Wilkinson, Michael J Tweed
We describe programmatic assessment and the problems it might solve in relation to assessment and learning, identify some models implemented internationally, and then outline what we believe are programmatic assessment's key components and what these components might achieve. We then outline some issues around implementation, which include blueprinting, data collection, decision making, staff support, and evaluation. Rather than adopting an all-or-nothing approach, we suggest that elements of programmatic assessment can be gradually introduced into traditional assessment systems...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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