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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141640/discordance-in-self-report-and-observation-data-on-mistreatment-of-women-by-providers-during-childbirth-in-uttar-pradesh-india
#1
Arnab Dey, Holly Baker Shakya, Dharmendra Chandurkar, Sanjiv Kumar, Arup Kumar Das, John Anthony, Mrunal Shetye, Suneeta Krishnan, Jay G Silverman, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: The study aims to assess the discordance between self-reported and observed measures of mistreatment of women during childbirth in public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh, India, as well as correlates of these measures and their discordance. METHODS: Cross sectional data were collected through direct observation of deliveries and follow-up interviews with women (n = 875) delivering in 81 public health facilities in Uttar Pradesh. Participants were surveyed on demographics, mistreatment during childbirth, and maternal and newborn complications...
November 15, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141032/a-qualitative-exploration-of-malaria-operational-research-situation-in-nigeria
#2
IkeOluwapo O Ajayi, Maduka D Ughasoro, Akintayo Ogunwale, Oluwaseun Odeyinka, Obafemi Babalola, Salami Sharafadeen, Al-Mukhtar Y Adamu, Olufemi Ajumobi, Taiwo Orimogunje, Patrick Nguku
BACKGROUND: Malaria, remains one of the leading causes of high morbidity and mortality in Nigeria despite implementation of several public health interventions for its control. Operational limitations and methodological gaps have been associated with malaria control interventions and research, and these have necessitated the need for a well-tailored Malaria Operational Research (MOR) agenda. However, there is paucity of evidence-based information on relevant stakeholders' experience, awareness, perceptions and use of MOR and suggestions on setting MOR agenda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138735/social-determinants-of-maternal-health-in-afghanistan-a-review
#3
Said Ahmad Maisam Najafizada, Ivy Lynn Bourgeault, Ronald Labonté
Introduction: Afghanistan has a high maternal mortality rate of 400 per 100,000 live births. Although direct causes of maternal morbidity and mortality in Afghanistan include hemorrhage, obstructed labor, infection, high blood pressure, and unsafe abortion, the high burden of diseases responsible for maternal mortality arises in large part due to social determinants of health. The focus of this literature review is to examine the impact of various social determinants of health on maternal health in Afghanistan, filling an important gap in the existing literature...
2017: Central Asian Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135578/when-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-fails-preventing-pretreatment-drug-resistance-in-african-children
#4
Seth C Inzaule, Raph L Hamers, Job Calis, Ragna Boerma, Kim Sigaloff, Clement Zeh, Peter Mugyenyi, Sulaimon Akanmu, Tobias F Rinke de Wit
: The scale-up of antiretroviral prophylaxis to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV has significantly reduced new pediatric infections in sub-Saharan Africa. However, among infants who become HIV-infected despite prevent mother-to-child transmission, more than 50% have drug-resistant HIV. Given high levels of resistance, WHO recommends the use of protease inhibitors as part of first-line pediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART) to optimize treatment response, but costs and logistic challenges restrict access...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133138/contextual-factors-and-motivations-affecting-rural-community-sanitation-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Josef Novotný, Jiří Hasman, Martin Lepič
BACKGROUND: Unsafe management of human faecal waste represents a major risk for public health, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Efforts to improve sanitation conditions are considerably sensitive to contextual specifics of natural and social environments. This review operationalises, analyses, and synthesises evidence of how contextual factors and motivations affect different sanitation outcomes with a specific focus on community approaches to rural sanitation. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We operationalised contextual factors and motivations as determinants that influence sanitation conditions independently of the examined intervention...
November 6, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132421/durability-monitoring-of-long-lasting-insecticidal-mosquito-nets-llins-in-madagascar-physical-integrity-and-insecticidal-activity
#6
Sanjiarizaha Randriamaherijaona, Jacky Raharinjatovo, Sébastien Boyer
BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets (LLINs) are highly effective for malaria prevention. However, it is also clear that durability monitoring is essential to predict when, post-distribution, a net population, no longer meets minimum WHO standards and needs to be replaced. Following a national distribution campaign in 2013, we tracked two durability indicators, physical integrity and bio-efficacy at six and 12 months post-distribution. While the loss of net integrity during this period was in line with expectations for a one-year net life, bio-efficacy results suggested that nets were losing insecticidal effect faster than expected...
November 13, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132373/understanding-malaria-treatment-seeking-preferences-within-the-public-sector-amongst-mobile-migrant-workers-in-a-malaria-elimination-scenario-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Migration flows and the emerging resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) create programmatic challenges to meeting the AD 2030 malaria elimination target in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) targeted migrant workers based mainly on the stability of their worksites (categories 1: permanent work-setting; categories 2 and 3: less stable work-settings). This study aims to assess the migration patterns, malaria treatment-seeking preferences, and challenges encountered by mobile/migrant workers at remote sites in a malaria-elimination setting...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126456/virological-response-hiv-1-drug-resistance-mutations-and-genetic-diversity-among-patients-on-first-line-antiretroviral-therapy-in-n-djamena-chad-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Chatté Adawaye, Joseph Fokam, Erick Kamangu, Hamit Mahamat Alio, Aoudalkarim Moussa Chahad, Fabrice Susin, Ali Mahamat Moussa, Tchombou Hig-Zounet Bertin, Abdelsalam Tidjani, Dolores Vaira, Michel Moutschen
BACKGROUND: The national antiretroviral therapy in the Republic of Chad provides free of charge antiretroviral regimens and therapeutic monitoring for patients receiving antiretroviral therapy nationwide. For a successful programmatic uptake, these efforts merit to be supported by thorough assessments of antiretroviral therapy response and HIV-1 drug resistance surveillance, especially with risks of cross-resistance due to the gradual stavudine phasing out in such national settings. We therefore evaluated the virological response to antiretroviral therapy, HIV-1 drug resistance emergence and circulating HIV-1 clades in a Chad context...
November 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099913/trends-in-the-san-francisco-hiv-epidemic-in-the-getting-to-zero-era
#9
Susan Scheer, Ling Hsu, Sandra Schwarcz, Sharon Pipkin, Diane Havlir, Susan Buchbinder, Nancy A Hessol
Background: San Francisco (SF) has launched interventions to reduce new HIV infections and HIV-associated morbidity and mortality during the SF "Getting to Zero (GTZ)" era. We measured recent changes in HIV care indicators to assess the success of these interventions. Methods: SF residents newly HIV-diagnosed from 2009-2014 were included. We measured temporal changes from HIV diagnosis to a) linkage to care ≤ 3 months, b) initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) ≤12 months, c) viral suppression (VS) ≤12 months, d) development of AIDS ≤3 months, e) death ≤12 months and f) retention in care 6-12 months after linkage...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091786/using-the-transformative-paradigm-to-conduct-a-mixed-methods-needs-assessment-of-a-marginalized-community-methodological-lessons-and-implications
#10
Karen Moran Jackson, Suzy Pukys, Andrene Castro, Lorna Hermosura, Joanna Mendez, Shetal Vohra-Gupta, Yolanda Padilla, Gabriela Morales
We explore opportunities as well as challenges associated with conducting a mixed methods needs assessment using a transformative paradigm. The transformative paradigm is a research framework that centers the experiences of marginalized communities, includes analysis of power differentials that have led to marginalization, and links research findings to actions intended to mitigate disparities. We argue that a community needs assessment is a natural fit for the use of a transformative framework, serving as an entry-point for the development of responsive programmatic and funding decisions...
October 3, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084036/patients-perspectives-on-transplantation-while-undergoing-left-ventricular-assist-device-support
#11
Lidija A Wilhelms, Jennifer S Blumenthal-Barby, Kristin M Kostick, Jerry D Estep, Courtenay R Bruce
Left-ventricular assist device (LVAD) therapy is a growing mechanical circulatory support therapy used to treat patients with advanced heart failure. There is a general assumption among clinicians that patients would prefer to accept a heart to any other treatment were they eligible. However, little research has been done to clarify the nuances of patient treatment preferences for LVAD therapy versus transplantation. The objective of this study was to investigate this treatment preference assumption from patients' perspectives...
November 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077672/setting-targets-for-hiv-an-evaluation-of-indicator-quality-and-target-achievement-in-national-strategic-plans
#12
Alana Sharp, Richael OʼHagan, Brian Honermann, Gregorio Millett
BACKGROUND: National Strategic Plans (NSPs) for HIV have become foundational documents that frame responses to HIV. Both Global Fund and PEPFAR require coordination with NSPs as a component of their operations. Despite the role of NSPs in country planning, no rigorous assessment of NSP targets and performance outcomes exists. We performed a quantitative analysis of the quality of NSP indicators and targets and assessed whether historical NSP targets had been achieved. METHODS: All targets and indicators from publicly available NSPs from 35 countries are coded as structural, input, output, or impact indicators...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076244/intersecting-disadvantage-unpacking-poor-outcomes-within-early-intervention-in-psychosis-services
#13
Nev Jones, Julia Godzikovskaya, Zhen Zhao, Anthony Vasquez, Al Gilbert, Larry Davidson
AIM: In order to strengthen specialized early intervention in psychosis (EIP) services, a contextually nuanced understanding of psychosocial forces driving suboptimal treatment response is critical. This study sought to examine factors driving poor outcomes through a systematic emic coding of psychosocial assessments for discharged EIP clients categorized as leaving with all treatment goals met (AG) or no treatment goals met (NG). METHODS: Psychosocial assessments at baseline, 1 year, 2 years and discharge were extracted from an EIP research registry and systematically coded...
October 27, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061141/a-multi-stakeholder-evaluation-of-the-baltimore-city-virtual-supermarket-program
#14
Pooja Lagisetty, Laura Flamm, Summer Rak, Jessica Landgraf, Michele Heisler, Jane Forman
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to healthy foods and beverages in disadvantaged communities is a public health priority due to alarmingly high rates of obesity. The Virtual Supermarket Program (VSP) is a Baltimore City Health Department program that uses online grocery ordering to deliver food to low-income neighborhoods. This study evaluates stakeholder preferences and barriers of program implementation. METHODS: This study assessed the feasibility, sustainability and efficacy of the VSP by surveying 93 customers and interviewing 14 programmatic stakeholders who had recently used the VSP or been involved with program design and implementation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051840/syrian-refugee-women-s-health-in-lebanon-turkey-and-jordan-and-recommendations-for-improved-practice
#15
Goleen Samari
Since 2011, an estimated nine million Syrian refugees have fled to neighboring countries, and over four million have fled to neighboring countries of Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan. Seventy five percent of Syrian refugees are women and children. In times of conflict, women's health disproportionately suffers. Based on an assessment of academic literature and international policy and development reports, this study explores the vulnerabilities of Syrian women and girls in Lebanon, Turkey, and Jordan, and how these countries approach Syrian refugee women's health care...
June 2017: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029614/field-assessment-of-a-novel-spatial-repellent-for-malaria-control-a-feasibility-and-acceptability-study-in-mondulkiri-cambodia
#16
Marco Liverani, Jacques Derek Charlwood, Harriet Lawford, Shunmay Yeung
BACKGROUND: Large-scale use of insecticide-treated nets and indoor residual spraying have contributed to a significant decrease in malaria transmission worldwide. Further reduction and progress towards elimination, however, require complementary control measures which can address the remaining gaps in protection from mosquito bites. Following the development of novel pyrethroids with high knockdown effects on malaria vectors, programmatic use of spatial repellents has been suggested as one potential strategy to fill the gaps...
October 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025403/tuberculosis-among-older-adults-in-zambia-burden-and-characteristics-among-a-neglected-group
#17
Jenna Coffman, Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Ben J Marais, Nathan Kapata, Alimuddin Zumla, Joel Negin
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Global Burden of Disease estimates show that 57% of all TB deaths globally occurred among adults older than 50 years of age. Few studies document the TB burden among older adults in Southern Africa. We focused on adults older than 55 years to assess the relative TB burden and associated demographic factors. METHODS: A cross sectional nationally representative TB prevalence survey conducted of Zambian residents aged 15 years and above from 66 clusters across all the 10 provinces of Zambia...
October 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023251/programmatic-evaluation-of-an-algorithm-for-intensified-tuberculosis-case-finding-and-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-for-people-living-with-hiv-in-thailand-and-vietnam
#18
Tori L Cowger, Le Hung Thai, Bui Duc Duong, Junya Danyuttapolchai, Somyot Kittimunkong, Nguyen Viet Nhung, Do Thi Nhan, Patama Monkongdee, Cao Kim Thoa, Vu Thi Khanh, Sriprapa Nateniyom, Nguyen Thi Bich Yen, Dong Van Ngoc, Tran Thinh, Sara Whitehead, Eric S Pevzner
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) screening affords clinicians the opportunity to diagnose or exclude TB disease and initiate isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for people living with HIV (PLHIV). METHODS: We implemented an algorithm to diagnose or rule out TB among PLHIV in 11 HIV clinics in Thailand and Vietnam. We assessed algorithm yield and uptake of IPT and factors associated with TB disease among PLHIV. RESULTS: A total of 1448 PLHIV not yet on antiretroviral therapy (ART) were enrolled and screened for TB...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990922/impact-of-insecticide-treated-net-ownership-on-all-cause-child-mortality-in-malawi-2006-2010
#19
Lia S Florey, Adam Bennett, Christine L Hershey, Achuyt Bhattarai, Carrie F Nielsen, Doreen Ali, Misheck Luhanga, Cameron Taylor, Thomas P Eisele, Yazoume Yé
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) have been shown to be highly effective at reducing malaria morbidity and mortality in children. However, there are limited studies that assess the association between increasing ITN coverage and child mortality over time, at the national level, and under programmatic conditions. Two analytic approaches were used to examine this association: a retrospective cohort analysis of individual children and a district-level ecologic analysis. To evaluate the association between household ITN ownership and all-cause child mortality (ACCM) at the individual level, data from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) were modeled in a Cox proportional hazards framework while controlling for numerous environmental, household, and individual confounders through the use of exact matching...
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981766/overview-methods-and-results-of-multi-country-community-based-maternal-and-newborn-care-economic-analysis
#20
Emmanuelle Daviaud, Helen Owen, Catherine Pitt, Kate Kerber, Fiorella Bianchi Jassir, Diana Barger, Fatuma Manzi, Elizabeth Ekipara-Kiracho, Giulia Greco, Peter Waiswa, Joy E Lawn
Home visits for pregnancy and postnatal care were endorsed by the WHO and partners as a complementary strategy to facility-based care to reduce newborn and maternal mortality. This article aims to synthesise findings and implications from the economic analyses of community-based maternal and newborn care (CBMNC) evaluations in seven countries. The evaluations included five cluster randomized trials (Ethiopia, Ghana, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda) and programmatic before/after assessments (Bolivia, Malawi)...
October 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
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