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Tooth bleaching

Akiko Haruyama, Atsushi Kameyama, Junji Kato, Shinji Takemoto, Yutaka Oda, Eiji Kawada, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Masahiro Furusawa
This study evaluated the microtensile bond strength (μTBS) of 1-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) and 2-step self-etch adhesives (2-SEAs) to pulp chamber dentin immediately after bleaching with 2 types of common bleaching techniques. Pulp chamber dentin of bovine teeth was bleached using 30% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) solution with quartz-tungsten-halogen light-curing unit (Group 1) and 3.5% H2O2-containing titanium dioxide (TiO2) (Pyrenees®) activated with 405-nm violet diode laser for 15 min (Group 2). Unbleached specimens were placed in distilled water for 15 min and used as controls...
2016: BioMed Research International
Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Dimitrios Strakas, Eugenia Koliniotou-Koumpia, Effimia Koumpia
The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of using Er,Cr:YSGG laser during in-office tooth bleaching on bovine enamel surface to evaluate the safety of this therapy on tooth tissues. Thirty-six enamel specimens were prepared from bovine incisors and divided into three groups: Group 1 specimens (control) received no bleaching treatment; Group 2 received a conventional in-office bleaching treatment (40 % H2O2); Group 3 received laser-assisted bleaching procedure (40 % H2O2) utilizing an Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
October 14, 2016: Odontology
Augusto Ricardo Andrighetto, Eduardo Henrique de Leão Withers, Karlos Giovani Grando, Aldrieli Regina Ambrosio, Roberto Hideo Shimizu, Ana Cláudia Melo
BACKGROUND: Tooth bleaching is, today, one of the most widespread cosmetic treatments in dental practice,  so it is important to determine whether it can interfere with orthodontic bonding or not. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the in vitro effects of 35% hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five upper bicuspids were divided into three groups (n = 15)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
N R Carlos, E C Bridi, Flb Amaral, Fmg França, C P Turssi, R T Basting
The purpose of this study was to evaluate bleaching methods containing hydrogen peroxide (HP) or carbamide peroxide (CP), dispensed in customized or prefilled trays, in terms of color change, tooth sensitivity, gingival irritation, acceptance, and comfort. Seventy-five volunteers were randomly selected and distributed according to the whitening agent (n=25): 10% HP dispensed in prefilled trays (Opalescence Go 10%) and 9.5% HP (Pola Day) and 10% CP both delivered in customized trays (Opalescence PF 10%). HP was applied for 30 min/d for 14 days (d), and CP for 8 h/d for 14 days...
October 10, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Guacyra M Lisboa, Verónica L Guedes, Maria do R Ml Luna, Américo M Carneiro-Jr, Roberto C Stegun
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a monogenic disease that affects millions of people worldwide. This study analyzed the effectiveness of bleaching and tooth sensitivity after in-office bleaching in patients with SCD. Forty volunteers were randomly assigned to four groups of 10 patients each (five with the SCD and five healthy controls) and treated using in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide and different light activation protocols. No statistically significant difference was observed with relation to presence of tooth sensitivity, with or without use of a source of light for peroxide activation, and all bleaching therapies were effective, regardless of the technique employed and the presence/absence of sickle cell disease...
April 2016: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
Margarita Yoshpe, Arieh Kaufman, Shaul Lin, Eran Gabay, Shmuel Einy
: Invasive cervical resorption (ICR), a destructive form of external root resorption, is characterized by invasion of the fibrovascular tissue. This phenomenon is very rare and appears in 0.02% of the general population where the leading factors are orthodontics in addition to trauma, restorations, and bleaching. Heavy orthodontic force may increase the incidence to 1%. One of the main concerns regarding ICR is that it is often misdiagnosed with conventional diagnostic tools. In recent decades, a cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging technique has become more common and can lead to a more accurate diagnosis and treatment plan...
September 26, 2016: Quintessence International
A L Briso, T C Fagundes, M O Gallinari, J Moreira, Lcag de Almeida, V Rahal, R S Gonçalves, Ph Dos Santos
The aim of this study was to evaluate overall color change in bovine tooth fragments submitted to dental bleaching treatment performed simultaneously with the ingestion of beverages containing dyes. For this purpose, tooth fragments assembled into intraoral devices were submitted to at-home dental bleaching using 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) for 14 days and to immersion in staining beverages for 10 minutes daily. The specimens were divided into the following study groups according to bleaching treatment and staining substance (n=12): G I (negative control): no bleaching + distilled water; G II (positive control): bleaching + distilled water; G III: bleaching + coffee; and G IV: bleaching + grape juice...
September 20, 2016: Operative Dentistry
M Rezende, J L De Geus, A D Loguercio, A Reis, D Kossatz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotoxicity of in-office bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide in epithelial cells from the gingival and lip tissues. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty volunteers with central incisors shade A1 or darker were selected for this study. The gingival tissue of the teeth to be bleached was isolated with a light-polymerized resin dam, and the 35% hydrogen peroxide gel was administered during three 15-minute applications over the course of the 45-minute application period...
September 20, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Ana Bárbara Araújo Loiola, Aline Evangelista Souza-Gabriel, Renata Siqueira Scatolin, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
BACKGROUND: Hydrogen peroxide (HP) at lower concentration can provide less alteration on enamel surface and when combined with laser therapy, could decrease tooth sensitivity. This in situ study evaluated the influence of 15% and 35% HP gel activated by lighting-emitting diode (LED)/laser light for in-office tooth bleaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four bovine enamel slabs were polished and subjected to surface microhardness (load of 25 g for 5 s). The specimens were placed in intraoral palatal devices of 11 volunteers (n = 11)...
July 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
I-Hsuan Su, Chen-Fu Lee, Yu-Pin Su, Lai-Hao Wang
OBJECTIVES: To study using cobalt-tetraphenylporphyrin/reduced graphene oxide (CoTPP/RGO), a nanocomposite highly catalytic both for oxidizing and for reducing hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), to whiten teeth. METHODS: Dyes (D&C Red 34, Orange No. 4), tea, and betel nuts (Areca catechu) were used to stain the tooth specimens for three days and subsequently bleached using H2 O2 alone, H2 O2 plus CoTPP, or H2 O2 plus CoTPP/RGO for 0.5-70 hours. The process was photographed using an electronic chromometer and a camera...
September 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Angelo Calderini, Simona Sciara, Chiara Semeria, Giuseppe Pantaleo, Elisabetta Polizzi
Tooth bleaching is a widespread dental treatment with important psychosocial antecedents and outcomes involved. In the activation of in-office bleaching agents, a selective light radiation, that is, a diode laser seems to be a positive choice to decrease the time of bleaching without surface modification and with no residual tooth sensitivity for maximum effect and minimal clinical and psychological side effects.
August 2016: Clinical Case Reports
Yacoub Al-Tarakemah, Brian W Darvell
OBJECTIVE: Bleaching (alias whitening) is increasingly the chosen means of modifying the appearance of teeth for cosmetic reasons. Behbehani et al. (2012) acquired the largest known data set for the effects of bleaching over time (300 patients for ∼1year), but the analysis then was rather superficial and did not exploit the full depth of information available in it. METHODS: Data collected by Behbehani et al. (2012) were re-analysed to explore in detail the variation in outcome between patients and over time...
October 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Mahmoud K Al-Omiri, Ra'ed S Abul Hassan, Bader K AlZarea, Edward Lynch
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of bleaching after combining ozone and 38% H2O2 in comparison to the sole use of 38% H2O2. METHODS: Consecutive 26 participants (13 males and 13 females) were recruited into this study. They were randomly allocated into 2 groups (n=13 for each group). In group 1 (test group); the participants' upper anterior teeth were treated with 38% H2O2 for 20min then the teeth were exposed to ozone for 60s (healOzone(®) X4, KaVo Dental, Biberach, Germany)...
October 2016: Journal of Dentistry
Ayca Bacaksiz, Ozlem Tulunoglu, Ibrahim Tulunoglu
OBJECTIVE: Although there are several clinical studies on in office vital bleaching in adults, there are no Randomized Clinical Trials for the efficacy of this application in adolescents. The aim the study was to evaluate the efficiency of two bleaching systems on adolescents for twelve-months follow-up. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-eight volunteers, aged between 13-18, randomly divided into two groups. Two commercial in-office bleaching systems were used: G1 (n=14): Zoom2 25 % HP with UV light and G2 (n=14): Beaming White 36% HP with LED light in a single 3 x 15 minute procedure...
2016: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mahshid Mohammadi Basir, Mohammad Bagher Rezvani, Nasim Chiniforush, Zohreh Moradi
BACKGROUND: Tooth restoration immediately after bleaching is challenging due to the potential problems in achieving adequate bond strength. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surface treatment with ER:YAG, ND:YAG, CO2 lasers and 10% sodium ascorbate solution on immediate microtensile bond strength of composite resin to recently bleached enamel. MATERIALS & METHODS: Ninety sound molar teeth were randomly divided into three main groups (n:30) : NB (without bleaching), HB (bleached with 38% carbamide peroxide) and OB (bleached with Heydent bleaching gel assisted by diode laser)...
2016: Open Dentistry Journal
A P Mena-Serrano, E Garcia, I Luque-Martinez, Rhm Grande, A D Loguercio, A Reis
OBJECTIVE: To compare the bleaching efficacy and tooth sensitivity (TS) of two hydrogen peroxide (HP) concentrations (20% and 35%) used for in-office bleaching associated or not with a light-emitting diode (LED)/laser light activation. METHOD: Seventy-seven patients with a right maxillary canine darker than A3 were selected for this single-blind randomized trial. The participants were distributed in four groups: bleaching with 35% HP, 35% HP + LED/laser, 20% HP, and 20% HP + LED/laser...
June 28, 2016: Operative Dentistry
Ioana Baldea, Diana Elena Olteanu, Adriana Gabriela Filip, Mihai Cenariu, Diana Dudea, Alina Tofan, Camelia Alb, Marioara Moldovan
OBJECTIVES: Tooth bleaching is one of the most required dental esthetic treatments. However, it can generate side effects like oral irritation, enamel alteration, tooth sensitivity, especially caused by hydrogen peroxide, the main bleaching component of the commercial products. Therefore, development of new tooth bleaching agents, based on natural products, with comparable esthetic results and lower side effects is needed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biological effects and bleaching efficacy of four experimental bleaching agents, derived from fruit juices, against the commercially available Opalescence (Ultradent, USA)...
June 21, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maryam Khoroushi, Hamid Mazaheri, Tahere Saneie, Pouran Samimi
BACKGROUND: Despite the absence of dispute about the efficacy of bleaching agents, a prime concern is about their compromising effect on the enamel structure. This in vitro study investigated whether the addition of three different biomaterials, including nano-bioactive glass (n-BG)/nano-hydroxy apetite (n-HA)/nano-amorphous calcium phosphate (n-ACP), to bleaching agents can affect the fracture toughness (FT) and vickers hardness number (VHN) of bovine enamel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The crowns of the newly extracted permanent bovine incisors teeth were separated from the root and sectioned along their central line; one half serving as the control specimen and the other half as the test specimen...
April 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Issis Luque-Martinez, Alessandra Reis, Marcos Schroeder, Miguel Angel Muñoz, Alessandro D Loguercio, Danielle Masterson, Lucianne C Maia
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the color change produced by tray-delivered carbamide peroxide [CP] versus hydrogen peroxide products [HP] for at-home bleaching through a systematic review and meta-analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE via PubMeb, Scopus, Web of Science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature database (LILACS), Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), and Cochrane Library and Grey literature were searched without restrictions...
September 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Melody N Carney, William M Johnston
OBJECTIVES: Objectives of this study were to correlate RGB data from the VITA Linearguide 3D Master and VITA Bleached Guide 3D Master shade guides with their spectroradiometric correlates through a regression model while indicating a methodology for validation of accuracy of digital imaging systems. Additional objectives were to provide summary RGB data and to determine a relationship between lightness and RGB values for these shade guides. METHODS: Radiant energy measurements and images were taken with a Canon Rebel T3i and Macro Ring Lite MR-14EX for each shade tab...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry
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