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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036858/musculoskeletal-signs-in-female-homecare-personnel-a-longitudinal-epidemiological-study
#1
Gunnar Lundberg, Björn Gerdle
BACKGROUND: In Sweden, homecare services take care of elderly and disabled people, work that often requires heavy lifting and forward bending, resulting in high prevalences of pain and work accidents. OBJECTIVE: Using an eight-year follow-up, this study determines the prognostic importance of certain musculoskeletal signs reported in earlier studies [1, 2] with respect to aspects of pain and perceived disability. METHODS: Baseline data has been reported in earlier studies of 607 women [1-3]...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035647/the-bigger-the-hand-the-bigger-the-difference-implications-for-testing-strength-with-two-popular-handgrip-dynamometers
#3
Takashi Abe, Jeremy P Loenneke, Robert S Thiebaud, Mark Loftin
CONTEXT: Studies developed the frail elderly handgrip strength (HGS) diagnostic criteria using multiple types of handgrip dynamometers. If different handgrip dynamometer report different values, then this would have the potential to misclassify people into the wrong diagnostic category. OBJECTIVE: To examine the characteristics of HGS measured by two standard handgrip dynamometers, and to investigate the influence of hand size on HGS. SETTING: University research laboratory...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034253/risk-factors-for-adverse-outcome-for-elderly-patients-undergoing-curative-oncological-resection-for-gastrointestinal-malignancies
#4
REVIEW
Yukai K Lim, Christopher Jackson, Emilia L Dauway, Konrad Klaus Richter
BACKGROUND: The incidence of gastrointestinal cancer increases with age, with approximately 20% of these cases in people over 80 years of age. Due to pre-existing comorbidities, this onco-geriatric population often presents diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. METHODS: A systematic review of articles on PubMed was performed to determine the predictive ability of screening tools and their components regarding the occurrence of adverse outcomes in elderly onco-surgical patients with gastrointestinal malignancies...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033554/validation-of-the-italian-version-of-the-patient-reported-experience-measures-for-intermediate-care-services
#5
Sergio Cinocca, Paola Rucci, Concetta Randazzo, Elizabeth Teale, Davide Pianori, Emanuele Ciotti, Maria Pia Fantini
BACKGROUND: Intermediate care (IC) services are a key component of integrated care for elderly people, providing a link between hospital and home through provision of rehabilitation and health and social care. The Patient Reported Experience Measures (PREMs) are designed to measure user experience of care in IC settings. OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and the scaling properties of the Italian version of PREMs questionnaires for use in IC services. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on consecutive users of 1 home-based and 4 bed-based IC services in Emilia-Romagna (Italy)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032807/a-comparison-of-the-severe-cognitive-impairment-rating-scale-with-the-mini-mental-state-examination-and-delirium-rating-scale-revised-98-for-delirium-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
So-Hyun Ahn, Jin-Hoon Choi, Chae-Sung Im, Tae-Sung Kim, Jeong Lan Kim
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment including attention deficits, disorientation, memory impairment, language disturbance, and impaired visuospatial ability are core symptoms of delirium. The Severe Cognitive Impairment Rating Scale (SCIRS) was developed to assess cognition in patients with severe dementia, but may also be useful in elderly people with delirium. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the use of the SCIRS to assess cognition in elderly patients with delirium. METHODS: We recruited 147 participants, aged ≥65 years, referred for psychiatric consultation at a tertiary-care university hospital...
August 5, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032489/away-from-the-islands-diaspora-s-effects-on-native-hawaiian-elders-and-families-in-california
#7
Colette V Browne, Kathryn L Braun
Native Hawaiians, the indigenous people of Hawai'i, were once a healthy and hardy people. But today they are affected by varying social and health disparities that have led to poor social and health outcomes. Most of the research on Hawaiians in general and Native Hawaiian elders in particular has been conducted in Hawai'i, even though the Hawaiian Diaspora has resulted in 45% of this population residing in North America and Alaska. This qualitative study used key informant interviews and focus group methods to examine reasons for migration and perspectives on aging and caregiving in a sample of Native Hawaiian elders and family caregivers residing in Southern California...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031340/clinical-pharmacology-and-the-risks-of-polypharmacy-in-the-geriatric-patient
#8
REVIEW
Jose Luis Pesante-Pinto
Elderly people have several characteristics that make them unique. They have several factors such as environmental factors and demographic factors such as age, sex, socioeconomic level, and schooling, which contribute to these differences being accentuated. As one ages, these various organic and systemic features are accentuated. The pace varies between people, and organs and systems suffer from several normal and adverse changes that make them more or less susceptible to diseases and injuries, and the medications are responsible for many of these threats...
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031338/normal-changes-in-gait-and-mobility-problems-in-the-elderly
#9
REVIEW
Maricarmen Cruz-Jimenez
There are normal physiologic changes that occur as people age. Gait and mobility are altered with aging, and these changes are a combination of alterations in the gait pattern and in the function of organs. Changes in gait are associated with functional decline, less independence, and impaired quality of life. Reduced walking speed is the most consistent age-related change, but there are other contributors to an altered gait: impaired balance and stability, lower extremity strength, and the fear of falling.
November 2017: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029009/the-effect-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-on-all-cause-mortality-in-hong-kong-chinese-older-people
#10
Zhihui Lu, Jean Woo, Timothy Kwok
Background: It is unclear whether physical activity (PA) could predict all-cause mortality independently of cardiorespiratory fitness, and there are relatively few studies evaluating the combined effect of PA and cardiorespiratory fitness on mortality. Methods: We invited 1,242 Chinese older adults aged 69 to 94 years from the MrOs and MsOs cohort (Hong Kong) study for a 7-year follow-up. PA was measured by the Physical Activity Scale of the Elderly (PASE). Cardiorespiratory fitness, expressed as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), was assessed by performing symptom-limited maximal exercise testing on an electrically braked bicycle ergometer and 6-meter walk test...
September 19, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028677/are-people-with-a-history-of-disease-more-susceptible-to-a-short-term-exposure-to-asian-dust-a-case-crossover-study-among-the-elderly-in-japan
#11
Saori Kashima, Takashi Yorifuji, Etsuji Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Factors influencing the susceptibility of the elderly to the adverse health effects of short-term exposure to desert dust have yet to be explored. We aimed to identify the disease histories that increase the susceptibility of the elderly to disease onset induced by dust events. METHODS: We used a time-stratified case-crossover design using data on 17,874 elderly residents (≥65 years) of Okayama, Japan, who were transported to hospital emergency rooms because of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases between 2006 and 2010...
October 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027086/the-association-between-somatic-and-psychological-discomfort-and-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-elderly-and-non-elderly
#12
Hyeon-Sook Lee, Siwoo Lee, Sohee Park, Younghwa Baek, Ji-Hye Youn, Dan Bee Cho, Jung-Hyun Jin, Aesun Shin, Sue K Park, Keon Wook Kang, Young-Khi Lim, Chul Hwan Kang, Keun-Young Yoo, Kwang-Pil Ko
PURPOSE: Symptoms and discomfort are common complaints in primary care settings. It has been postulated that the physical symptoms are informative index in estimating Health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Thus, we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between somatic and psychological discomfort and HRQOL in elderly and non-elderly people. METHODS: A total of 2467 participants were recruited in 2013 from a population of 17,066 rural residents aged 20 or older...
October 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026759/quality-of-life-among-elderly-population-residing-in-urban-field-practice-area-of-a-tertiary-care-institute-of-ahmedabad-city-gujarat
#13
Venu R Shah, Donald S Christian, Arpit C Prajapati, Mansi M Patel, K N Sonaliya
INTRODUCTION: Overall improvement in the living standards of country's population is leading to longer life expectancy. To emphasize the medical and psychological difficulties faced by geriatric people is essential to know status of their quality of life (QOL). METHODOLOGY: A community-based cross-sectional study was carried out at urban field practice area of one of the teaching institutes of Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Considering the prevalence of about 7.5% of 60 years and above people sample size of 250 was calculated...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026411/healthy-eating-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-iranian-elderly-individuals
#14
Nafiseh Rashidipour-Fard, Majid Karimi, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Mohammad Hassan Baghaei, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: Concurrent with increase in life expectancy, the prevalence of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has also increased. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between healthy eating index (HEI) score and CVD risk factors among Iranian elderly. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of elderly persons from Isfahan, Iran, in 2013. Totally, 107 retired subjects were entered in statistical analysis...
March 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025836/assessment-of-potential-predictors-of-calretinin-and-mesothelin-to-improve-the-diagnostic-performance-to-detect-malignant-mesothelioma-results-from-a-population-based-cohort-study
#15
Swaantje Casjens, Daniel G Weber, Georg Johnen, Irina Raiko, Dirk Taeger, Carmen Meinig, Susanne Moebus, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Thomas Brüning, Beate Pesch
OBJECTIVES: Mesothelin and calretinin are blood-based markers for malignant mesothelioma. The objective of this study was to analyse the markers in plasma samples from cancer-free men and to identify factors influencing their concentrations to minimise false-positive test results when using these markers for the early detection of malignant mesothelioma. SETTING: The present analyses used data and archived blood samples of the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study among elderly people collected from 2011 to 2014...
October 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025608/proximal-femoral-fractures-in-elderly-people-time-to-surgery-the-experience-of-milan-s-asst-pini-cto
#16
Paola Navone, Marta Nobile, Thea Scognamiglio Pasini, Antonio Piscitelli, Alessandra Colombo, Simone Mazzola, Emilio Luigi Mazza, Massimiliano Colombo, Giorgio Maria Calori
Proximal femoral fractures in elderly patients represent a rapidly increasing socio-economic problem. The functional recovery and the mortality rate are influenced by a substantial quantity of variables, including the waiting time for surgical treatment ("time to surgery"). This study aims at investigating the average waiting time, and ascertaining the causes and effects, together with other non-modifiable variables, on the outcome for patients admitted to Milan's Istituto Ortopedico Gaetano Pini (Gaetano Pini Orthopaedic Institute) with a proximal femoral fracture...
October 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025154/hematological-alterations-in-protein-malnutrition
#17
Ed W Santos, Dalila C Oliveira, Graziela B Silva, Maristela Tsujita, Jackeline O Beltran, Araceli Hastreiter, Ricardo A Fock, Primavera Borelli
Protein malnutrition is one of the most serious nutritional problems worldwide, affecting 794 million people and costing up to $3.5 trillion annually in the global economy. Protein malnutrition primarily affects children, the elderly, and hospitalized patients. Different degrees of protein deficiency lead to a broad spectrum of signs and symptoms of protein malnutrition, especially in organs in which the hematopoietic system is characterized by a high rate of protein turnover and, consequently, a high rate of protein renewal and cellular proliferation...
September 6, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024607/development-of-an-automatic-puncturing-and-sampling-system-for-a-self-monitoring-blood-glucose-device
#18
Mari Abe-Doi, Makoto Oe, Ryoko Murayama, Mami Takahashi, Yasunobu Zushi, Hidenori Tanabe, Iseki Takamoto, Ryo Suzuki, Toshimasa Yamauchi, Takashi Kadowaki, Chieko Komiyama, Hiromi Sanada
BACKGROUND: Performing self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is a clinical challenge for elderly people with low dexterity. An all-in-one-type SMBG device that can simply and easily puncture and monitor would be useful for them. We developed an automatic skin-puncturing and blood-sampling (APS) system for introducing of an all-in-one-type SMBG device. The aims of this study were to determine if the developed APS system, which has automatic puncturing, squeezing, and application functions, could provide sufficient blood sample volumes for SMBG and to determine the factors associated with failure in the use of the system by adult volunteers...
October 12, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023744/the-relationship-of-oral-health-with-general-health-and-ncds-a-brief-review
#19
Christof Dörfer, Christoph Benz, Jun Aida, Guillaume Campard
Oral health is closely related to systemic health. Periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease which is highly prevalent worldwide, interacts with a variety of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). It is a risk factor in the complex pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease and plays a role in the development of endocarditis and recurrent pneumonia in elderly people. However, the available data may be interpreted in different ways, and more and better-designed studies are still needed to answer relevant questions about the causal role of periodontitis in NCDs...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023740/surveillance-and-monitoring-of-oral-health-in-elderly-people
#20
Hideo Miyazaki, Judith A Jones, Eugenio D Beltrán-Aguilar
Continued ageing of the global population is expected to pose significant challenges to maintaining optimum lifelong health in individuals and populations. Oral health is an essential element of general health and quality of life throughout an individual's life course, yet it is often neglected in integrated approaches to general health promotion. Surveillance and monitoring systems are essential for developing oral health policy and strategy at both national and community levels. As major oral diseases, dental caries and periodontal diseases are core indicators for surveillance at every stage of life...
September 2017: International Dental Journal
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