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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822822/preventable-diagnostic-errors-in-fatal-cervical-spine-injuries-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-1987-to-2010
#1
Tuomo Thesleff, Tero Niskakangas, Teemu Luoto, Grant L Iverson, Juha Öhman, Antti Ronkainen
BACKGROUND: Fall-induced injuries in patients are increasing in number and they often lead to serious consequences, such as cervical spine injuries (CSI). CSI diagnostics remain a challenge despite improved radiological services. PURPOSE: Our aim is to define the incidence and risk factors for diagnostic errors among patients who died following a CSI. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective death certificate-based study of the whole population of XXX...
August 16, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818761/the-effect-of-disability-and-depression-on-cognitive-function-and-screening-factors
#2
Chun-Min Chen, Li-Fan Liu
INTRODUCTION: There is increasing evidence that subtle losses in cognitive function may be symptomatic of a transition to early dementia. The objectives of this study were to: 1) test the effect of depressive symptoms and/or disability on cognitive impairment, 2) explore the interaction between depression and disability and the association with cognitive impairment, and 3) evaluate risk factors of health assessment to discriminate between elderly people with or without cognitive impairment...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818470/basic-principle-of-population-based-cohort-study-to-evaluate-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-among-elderly-japanese
#3
Megumi Hara, Yoshio Hirota
Influenza vaccines minimize the risk of influenza-related morbidity, complication, and death in elderly people. Although evaluating vaccine effectiveness (VE) is important for promoting immunization programs and coping with influenza epidemics, it is difficult to evaluate its effectiveness in Japan, where no frameworks to use large databases, such as a vaccination registry and health maintenance organization datasets, are available. Therefore, another analytic epidemiological investigations to evaluate VE in Japan are required...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814844/comparison-between-parameters-of-muscle-performance-and-inflammatory-biomarkers-of-non-sarcopenic-and-sarcopenic-elderly-women
#4
Lygia Paccini Lustosa, Patrícia Parreira Batista, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira, Aline Scianni, Giane Amorim Ribeiro-Samora
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a multifactorial geriatric syndrome with complex interrelationships. Increased plasma levels of inflammatory mediators increase the catabolic stimuli of the musculature, thereby causing a decrease in mass and muscular function. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the performance of the knee extensors test (by isokinetic dynamometer) and plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and soluble receptors of tumor necrosis factor alpha (sTNFR1) between sarcopenics and non-sarcopenics community-dwelling elderly women residents of Brazil...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814841/use-of-care-and-the-oral-health-status-of-people-aged-60-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-national-health-and-disability-survey
#5
Gérald Maille, Bérengère Saliba-Serre, Anne-Marie Ferrandez, Michel Ruquet
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to analyze, from the data in a national survey, the use of oral care and the oral health status of patients living at home or in an institution. BACKGROUND: Patients aged 60 years and older have important oral health needs, but their oral management may differ according to their immediate environment. The fact of living at home or in an institution can influence the use of care and alter the patients' perception of their oral health status. METHODS: The data analyzed were taken from a survey on disability and health carried out in 2008-2009, which is representative of the population living in France...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814824/cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-pseudoex-foliation-syndrome-current-updates
#6
REVIEW
Luigi Fontana, Marco Coassin, Alfonso Iovieno, Antonio Moramarco, Luca Cimino
Pseudoexfoliation is a ubiquitous syndrome of multifactorial origin affecting elderly people by increasing the risk of cataract and secondary glaucoma development. Despite modern techniques and technologies for cataract surgery, pseudoexfoliation syndrome represents a challenge for surgeons because of the increased weakness of the zonular apparatus and limited pupil dilation. Due to the inherent difficulties during surgery, the risk of vitreous loss in these patients is several times higher than in cataract patients without pseudoexfoliation...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814321/relatives-perceived-quality-of-palliative-care-comparisons-between-care-settings-in-which-patients-die
#7
Dolf de Boer, Jolien M Hofstede, Anke J E de Veer, Natasja J H Raijmakers, Anneke L Francke
BACKGROUND: Dying in the preferred setting is an indicator of good palliative care quality. Most people prefer to die at home. But does the quality of care as perceived by their relatives vary depending on the care setting that is the place of death? The aim is to compare (from the relatives perspective) whether there are perceived differences in the quality of palliative care between the settings in which people die. METHODS: Multivariate linear regression analyses have been carried out using an existing dataset containing information collected using the relatives' version of the Consumer Quality Index (CQ-index) Palliative Care...
August 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814028/quantitative-assessment-of-swallowing-activity-by-mmg-measurement-with-pvdf-film
#8
Hashimoto Takuya, Tsukagoshi Keita, Koike Takuji
Difficulty of swallowing, called dysphagia, leads to aspiration pneumonia which is particularly a big health concern in aging societies. Therefore, prevention and treatment of dysphagia would contribute to extending healthy-life and QOL of elderly people and decreasing healthcare cost. Robotics technologies are expected as one of the effective methods to solve the problem in terms of detecting malfunction in swallowing and recovering swallowing function. The aim of this study is to investigate muscle activity during normal swallowing using mechanomyography (MMG) with PolyVinylidene DiFluoride (PVDF) film which is a ferroelectrics polymer...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813859/an-assistive-lower-limb-exoskeleton-for-people-with-neurological-gait-disorders
#9
A Ortlieb, M Bouri, R Baud, H Bleuler
Lower limb exoskeletons have already proven the capability to give back mobility to people suffering from spinal cord injury (SCI). Other important populations such as people with multiple sclerosis or muscular dystrophy, frail elderly and stroke victims, suffer from severe gait impairments and could benefit from similar technology. The work presented in the current paper describes a novel design of a 6-actuated degrees of freedom (DOFs) assistive lower limb exoskeleton for people with moderate mobility impairments...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813787/clarification-of-muscle-synergy-structure-during-standing-up-motion-of-healthy-young-elderly-and-post-stroke-patients
#10
N Yang, Q An, H Yamakawa, Y Tamura, A Yamashita, K Takahashi, M Kinomoto, H Yamasaki, M Itkonen, F S Alnajjar, S Shimoda, H Asama, N Hattori, I Miyai
Standing-up motion is an important daily activity. It has been known that elderly and post-stroke patients have difficulty in performing standing-up motion. The standing-up motion is retrained by therapists to maximize independence of the elderly and post-stroke patients, but it is not clear how the elderly and post-stroke patients control their redundant muscles to achieve standing-up motion. This study employed the concept of muscle synergy to analyze how healthy young adults, healthy elderly people and post-stroke patients control their muscles...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809199/the-role-of-ict-in-home-care
#11
Sofie Wass, Vivian Vimarlund
With an ageing population and limited resources, ICT is often mentioned as a solution to support elderly people in maintaining an independent and healthy lifestyle. In this paper, we describe how ICT can support access to information and rationalization of work processes in a home care context. We do this by modelling the workflow and identifying the possible impact of ICT. The results show a complex process and indicate that the available resources are not used in the best possible way. The introduction of ICT could increase patient safety by reducing the risk of misplacing information about the care recipients and at the same time provide real time information about the care recipients' needs and health at the point of care...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807851/toxic-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-provide-a-warning-sign-to-overuse-of-the-ethnomedicine-arnebia-benthamii
#12
Latif Ahmad, He Yi, Jia-Chen Hao, Andrew Semotiuk, Quan-Ru Liu, Paras Mazari
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From early times man has used medicinal plants for the treatment of various ailments and basic health care needs. The use of herbal medicines has increased day by day and with this, so do reports of adverse events, poisoning, and suspected toxicity. Similarly, the indigenous communities of Neelum Valley in Azad Kashmir commonly use Arnebia benthamii (Wall. ex G.Don) I.M.Johnst. for medicinal purposes to treat various human aliments. Besides their medicinal uses, it also contains hepatotoxic pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs)...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806342/cognitive-abilities-and-quality-of-life-after-cochlear-implantation-in-the-elderly
#13
Marie-Hortense Sonnet, Bettina Montaut-Verient, Jean-Yves Niemier, Michel Hoen, Laurence Ribeyre, Cécile Parietti-Winkler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life (QoL) and cognitive function in elderly patients with cochlear implants relative to auditory improvement, using geriatric validated scales. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: A tertiary referral center for cochlear implantation (CI) and a geriatric center in Nancy, France. PATIENTS: Sixteen consecutive patients were included, from 65 to 80 years old, with postlingual severe-to-profound deafness...
September 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806324/comparison-of-the-quality-of-informal-care-of-community-dwelling-taiwanese-older-people
#14
Chia-Yi Chiao, Yen-Ju Lin, Chiu-Yueh Hsiao
BACKGROUND: With social structures changing and the average life-span of individuals increasing, Taiwan is experiencing a steady rise in its elderly population. Thus, caring for older parentsis an urgent problem. Many foreign caregivers have been hired tocare for older parents.However, measuring the quality ofinformal care has not yet been fully explored in Taiwan, particularly among older people who are cared for by foreign caregivers in home settings. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to understand the differences in quality of care for older Taiwanese and to explore the predictors of quality of care in two types of caregiving...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802465/integrative-medicine-for-geriatric-and-palliative-care
#15
REVIEW
Mikhail Kogan, Stephanie Cheng, Seema Rao, Sharon DeMocker, Mariatu Koroma Nelson
More than 80% of people in the United States who are older than 65 years have 1 or more chronic medical problems, and 50% have 2 or more. The cost of care for the elderly is at least 3 to 4 times that of younger populations and is rapidly growing, mostly because of a lack of preventive approaches and overly medicalized and fragmented care. This article summarizes the most up-to-date evidence for specific integrative modalities for common geriatric conditions, including falls, frailty, osteoporosis, and end-of-life palliative care...
September 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800481/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-postural-control-in-elderly-an-update-of-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Slavko Rogan, Jan Taeymans, Lorenz Radlinger, Sandro Naepflin, Stefan Ruppen, Yvonne Bruelhart, Roger Hilfiker
The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to offer an updated overview of the current studies on all types of whole-body vibration (WBV), to determine the effects of WBV on balance in Go-Go (active, independent), Slow-Go (some physical activity limitations) and No-Go (in need of care) elderly and to provide recommendations on available evidence on WBV for clinicians and researchers. An electronic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and CINAHL (Ebsco Host) to identify studies on WBV therapy in Go-Goes, Slow-Goes and No-Goes...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799837/effectiveness-of-deformity-correction-surgery-for-primary-degenerative-sagittal-imbalance-a-meta-analysis
#18
Chang-Hyun Lee, Chun Kee Chung, Jee-Soo Jang, Sung-Min Kim, Dong-Kyu Chin, Jung-Kil Lee, Seung Hwan Yoon, Jae Taek Hong, Yoon Ha, Chi Heon Kim, Seung-Jae Hyun
OBJECTIVE As life expectancy continues to increase, primary degenerative sagittal imbalance (PDSI) is diagnosed in an increasing number of elderly people. Although corrective surgery for this sagittal deformity is becoming more popular, the effectiveness of the procedure remains unclear. The authors aimed to collate the available evidence on the effectiveness and complications of deformity-correction surgery in patients with PDSI. METHODS The authors carried out a meta-analysis of clinical studies regarding deformity correction in patients with PDSI...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799226/educational-intervention-on-medication-reviews-aiming-to-reduce-acute-healthcare-consumption-in-elderly-patients-with-potentially-inappropriate-medicines-a-pragmatic-open-label-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-primary-care
#19
K Schmidt-Mende, M Andersen, B Wettermark, J Hasselström
PURPOSE: Potentially inappropriate medicines (PIMs) may cause 10% of unplanned admissions in elderly people. We performed an educational intervention in primary care to reduce acute health care consumption and PIMs through the promotion of medication reviews (MRs) in elderly patients. METHODS: This cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted in the context of an official campaign promoting rational drug use in elderly people. Sixty-nine primary health care practices with 119,910 patients aged older than or equal to 65 were randomized, with 1 dropout in the intervention group...
August 11, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798761/harnessing-finger-millet-to-combat-calcium-deficiency-in-humans-challenges-and-prospects
#20
REVIEW
Swati Puranik, Jason Kam, Pranav P Sahu, Rama Yadav, Rakesh K Srivastava, Henry Ojulong, Rattan Yadav
Humans require more than 20 mineral elements for healthy body function. Calcium (Ca), one of the essential macromineral, is required in relatively large quantities in the diet for maintaining a sound overall health. Young children, pregnant and nursing women in marginalized and poorest regions of the world, are at highest risk of Ca malnutrition. Elderly population is another group of people most commonly affected by Ca deficiency mainly in the form of osteoporosis and osteopenia. Improved dietary intake of Ca may be the most cost-effective way to meet such deficiencies...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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