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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548585/dietary-assesment-of-free-living-elderly-spanish-people-with-disabilities
#1
M Lozano, J M Ramada, J Peiró, A Frígola, M J Esteve
Nutritional research in elderly disabled is difficult in noninstitutionalized people. The dietary intake of a noninstitutionalized disabled population of the eastern region of Spain was evaluated to detect possible nutritional deviations. A total of 329 participants aged 65 and over were recruited. Most participants were overweight. Carbohydrates did not reach 50% of total Kcal/day. Insufficient micronutrient intakes and high consumption of simple carbohydrates and saturated fats (SFA) were found. A decreasing trend of water intake (p < ...
May 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546977/how-much-elderly-people-of-isfahan-are-adherent-to-their-drug-therapy-regimens
#2
Parvaneh Abazari, Tayebe Arab Jafari, Ali Mohammad Sabzghabaee
BACKGROUND: The need for a correct follow-up for medical advices of health givers is the cornerstone for avoiding drug-related complications in especial period of elderly people life. There isn't any data about drug therapy regimens adherence of elderly people of Isfahan. In this study, we aimed to cover this deficit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study which was carried out in Isfahan (Iran) in 2013 senior citizens (aged 65 or more) who were taking at least one medication and had no record of residency in nursing homes were included...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545991/altered-stiffness-of-microchamber-and-macrochamber-layers-in-the-aged-heel-pad-shear-wave-ultrasound-elastography-evaluation
#3
Chueh-Hung Wu, Che-Yu Lin, Ming-Yen Hsiao, Yu-Hsuan Cheng, Wen-Shiang Chen, Tyng-Guey Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To compare shear modulus of heel pad microchamber and macrochamber layers between young and elderly people using shear wave ultrasound elastography (SWUE), with the intent to clarify age-related changes. METHODS: This single-center prospective cross-sectional study was conducted between March, 2014 and March, 2016. Shear modulus of entire heel pad (Gentire), macrochamber layer (Gmac), and microchamber layer (Gmic) were measured with SWUE. RESULTS: Elderly participants (15 men, 15 women; age = 66...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542707/-urinary-tract-infection-requiem-for-a-heavyweight
#4
Thomas E Finucane
"Urinary tract infection" ("UTI") is an ambiguous, expansive, overused diagnosis that can lead to marked, harmful antibiotic overtreatment. "Significant bacteriuria," central to most definitions of "UTI," has little significance in identifying individuals who will benefit from treatment. "Urinary symptoms" are similarly uninformative. Neither criterion is well defined. Bacteriuria and symptoms remit and recur spontaneously. Treatment is standard for acute uncomplicated cystitis and common for asymptomatic bacteriuria, but definite benefits are few...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541397/prevalence-and-co-occurrence-of-geriatric-syndromes-in-people-aged-75-years-and-older-in-france-results-from-the-bordeaux-three-city-study
#5
Maturin Tabue-Teguo, Leslie Grasset, José Alberto Avila-Funes, Robin Genuer, Cecile Proust-Lima, Karine Péres, Catherine Féart, Hélène Amieva, Magali González-Colaço Harmand, Catherine Helmer, Nathalie Salles, Muriel Rainfray, Jean François Dartigues
Background: Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are often the result of cumulative insults to multiple organ systems and are considered common in older adults. However, their frequency and co-occurrence are not well known in the elderly population. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of several GSs and to analyze the co-occurrence of these syndromes in a general population of elderly individuals. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis of 630 adults aged 75 years or older participating in the 10-year follow-up of the Bordeaux sample of the French Three-City Study was conducted...
May 24, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540415/incidence-of-osteosynthesis-of-members-in-france
#6
Patrice Papin, Eric Berthonnaud
PURPOSE: Little data is available on the number of osteosynthesis of limbs in a country. Incidence of osteosynthesis is an essential element for the formation and organization of care. Based on the data from the work of the Hospital Information Technology Agency ( http://www.atih.sante.fr/ ) and available in open access, we wanted to know the incidence of the number of osteosynthesis performed in France and their evolution over ten years between 2006 and 2015. METHODS: The data analyzed are derived from the website of the technical agency of information on the hospitalization (ATIH)...
May 24, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539686/lifecourse-transitions-gender-and-drinking-in-later-life
#7
Clare Holdsworth, Martin Frisher, Marina Mendonça, Cesar DE Oliveiria, Hynek Pikhart, Nicola Shelton
Older people consume less alcohol than any other adult age group. However, in recent years survey data on alcohol consumption in the United Kingdom have shown that while younger age groups have experienced a decline in alcohol consumption, drinking behaviours among the elderly have not reduced in the same way. This paper uses data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing to analyse both the frequency and quantity of older adult's alcohol consumption using a lifecourse approach over a ten-year period. Overall drinking declined over time and the analysis examined how socio-economic characteristics, partnership, employment and health statuses were associated with differences in drinking behaviours and how these changed over time...
March 2017: Ageing and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537337/relationship-between-sensory-perception-and-frailty-in-a-community-dwelling-elderly-population
#8
S Somekawa, T Mine, K Ono, N Hayashi, S Obuchi, H Yoshida, H Kawai, Y Fujiwara, H Hirano, M Kojima, K Ihara, H Kim
BACKGROUND: Aging anorexia, defined as loss of appetite and/or reduced food intake, has been postulated as a risk factor for frailty. Impairments of taste and smell perception in elderly people can lead to reduced enjoyment of food and contribute to the anorexia of aging. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between frailty and taste and smell perception in elderly people living in urban areas. DESIGN: Data from the baseline evaluation of 768 residents aged ≥ 65 years who enrolled in a comprehensive geriatric health examination survey was analyzed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537335/are-albumin-levels-a-good-predictor-of-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-neck-of-femur-fractures
#9
S J Harrison, J Messner, D J Leeder, J Stephenson, S A Sidhom
BACKGROUND: Neck of femur (NOF) fractures are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in elderly people with multiple co-morbidities; making management of this patient subgroup challenging. Predictors of an increase in morbidity and mortality would therefore provide a useful framework for the assessment and management of this demographic. Within the current literature, hypoalbuminaemia (<35g/dl) has been highlighted as being a good biochemical predictor of short-term mortality (<12 months)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536811/listeriosis-during-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Mitko Madjunkov, Shahnaz Chaudhry, Shinya Ito
PURPOSE: Listeriosis is a rare foodborne illness caused by Listeria monocytogenes. It can be transmitted by consuming contaminated ready-to-eat food, long shelf-life products, deli meats, and soft cheeses. Listeria has a predilection to affect immunocompromised patients, elderly people, pregnant women and neonates. In particular, pregnant women are at ~18 times greater risk of infection than general population due to specific pregnancy-related suppressed cell-mediated immunity and placental tropism of L...
May 23, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533611/the-effect-of-horse-riding-simulator-exercise-on-the-gait-muscle-strength-and-muscle-activation-in-elderly-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#11
Seung-Kyu Kim, Seong-Gil Kim, Gak HwangBo
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to examine the effects of horse-riding simulator exercise on gait ability and muscle strength, muscle activation in elderly with knee osteoarthritis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis were recruited, a horse-riding simulator group consisted of fifteen subjects and they performed exercise three times a week for eight weeks. And each exercise was performed, horse riding simulator exercise for 15 minutes and knee strengthening exercise for 15 minutes...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533098/the-current-epidemiology-of-injecting-drug-use-associated-infective-endocarditis-in-victoria-australia-in-the-midst-of-increasing-crystal-methamphetamine-use
#12
Alexandra Wright, Ohide Otome, Craig Harvey, Steve Bowe, Eugene Athan
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is associated with significant mortality and morbidity despite recent advances in management. Injecting drug use (IDU) remains an important risk factor. Our aim was to evaluate the rates and patient demographics of IE and injecting drug use-associated infective endocarditis (IDU-IE) in Victoria from 2009 to 2014. METHODS: The Victorian Admitted Episode Dataset (VAED) was used to identify a population-based cohort with a diagnosis of IE and IDU-IE between 2009 and 2014 in Victoria...
May 9, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#13
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#14
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530315/-syndrome-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-the-elderly-population-prevalence-clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-strategy
#15
REVIEW
Boris Punchik, Yan Press, Aviv Goldbart
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome - a common problem among old people, reduces the quality of life and is accompanied by increased morbidity and mortality. There are tests that enable early detection and diagnosis of this condition and there are effective treatments. This review will focus on the following topics: • The importance of the problem • Review of diagnostic tools • Treatment guidelines • How to improve adherence of patients to treatment.
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529701/recent-advances-in-the-management-of-dry-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Francesco Bandello, Riccardo Sacconi, Lea Querques, Eleonora Corbelli, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Giuseppe Querques
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the most important cause of vision loss in elderly people, is a degenerative disorder of the central retina with a multifactorial etiopathology. AMD is classified in dry AMD (d-AMD) or neovascular AMD depending on the presence of choroidal neovascularization. Currently, no therapy is approved for geographic atrophy, the late form of d-AMD, because no treatment can restore the damage of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) or photoreceptors. For this reason, all treatment approaches in d-AMD are only likely to prevent and slow down the progression of existing atrophy...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528894/the-social-facilitation-of-eating-without-the-presence-of-others-self-reflection-on-eating-makes-food-taste-better-and-people-eat-more
#17
Ryuzaburo Nakata, Nobuyuki Kawai
Food tastes better and people eat more of it when eaten with company than alone. Although several explanations have been proposed for this social facilitation of eating, they share the basic assumption that this phenomenon is achieved by the existence of co-eating others. Here, we demonstrate a similar "social" facilitation of eating in the absence of other individuals. Elderly participants tasted a piece of popcorn alone while in front of a mirror (which reflects the participant themselves eating popcorn) or in front of a wall-reflecting monitor, and were found to eat more popcorn and rate it better tasting in the self-reflecting condition than in the monitor condition...
May 18, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528238/effects-of-grab-bar-on-utilized-friction-and-dynamic-stability-when-elderly-people-enter-the-bathtub
#18
Yusuke Sekiguchi, Tomohisa Kato, Keita Honda, Hiroyasu Kanetaka, Shin-Ichi Izumi
BACKGROUND: The effect of the grab bar on dynamic stability when elderly people enter the bathtub remains unclear. The purpose of the present study is to examine the age-related effect of the grab bar on dynamic stability during lateral stepping over an obstacle when entering bathtub. METHODS: Sixteen young, healthy adults and sixteen elderly adults participated. The subjects performed lateral stepping over an obstacle with and without vertical and horizontal bars...
May 10, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527424/influence-of-chronic-stretching-on-muscle-performance-systematic-review
#19
D M Medeiros, C S Lima
The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of chronic stretching on muscle performance (MP) by a systematic review. The search strategy included MEDLINE, PEDro, Cochrane CENTRAL, LILACS, and manual search from inception to June 2016. Randomized and controlled clinical trials, non-randomized, and single group studies that have analyzed the influence of flexibility training (FT) (using any stretching technique) on MP were included. Differently, studies with special populations (children, elderly, and people with any dysfunction/disease), and articles that have used FT protocols shorter than three weeks or 12 sessions were excluded...
May 17, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527083/shared-mechanisms-of-epilepsy-migraine-and-affective-disorders
#20
Davide Zarcone, Simona Corbetta
Since the nineteenth century several clinical features have been observed in common between migraine and epilepsy (such as episodic attacks, triggering factors, presence of aura, frequent familiarity), but only in recent years researchers have really engaged in finding a common pathogenic mechanism. From studies of disease incidence, we understand how either migraine among patients with epilepsy or epilepsy among migraine patients are more frequent than in the general population. This association may result from a direct causality, by the same environmental risk factors and/or by a common genetic susceptibility...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
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