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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231632/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-self-care-ability-scale-for-the-elderly
#1
Han Gao, Ulrika Söderhamn, Christina Cliffordson, Lina Guo, Qiyun Guo, Kun Liu
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To translate the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese, and to test the Chinese version of the scale regarding its reliability and validity among older people. BACKGROUND: Self-care is an important topic in nursing. When assessing older people's self-care ability, it is essential that a reliable and valid instrument is used. DESIGN: This study employed across-sectional design. METHODS: We translated the English version of the Self-care Ability Scale for the Elderly into Simplified Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and carried out a questionnaire survey among 610 older people, including both community-dwelling people and hospital patients, in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231631/commentary-response-frailty-not-just-about-old-people-reply-to-smith-gd-kydd-a-2017-getting-care-of-older-people-right-the-need-for-appropriate-frailty-assessment
#2
Sunita R Jha, Julee Mcdonagh, Caleb Ferguson, Peter S Macdonald, Phillip J Newton
As highlighted in a recent editorial, the ageing population and burden of frailty amongst those aged 60 years and older represents an impending challenge for individuals and health care systems globally (Smith & Kydd 2017). As frailty is largely considered a geriatric syndrome, research has primarily occurred within elderly community dwelling populations (Fried et al. 2001). However, it is important to highlight that not all older people are frail; and conversely not all younger people are non-frail. With frailty research expanding its scope beyond geriatrics over the last 2 decades, our understanding of this syndrome and its complexities has progressed...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231583/prevalence-of-impaired-kidney-function-in-the-german-elderly-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#3
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: In aging populations with an ever-growing burden of risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. However, little is known about its exact prevalence among elderly adults, and often albuminuria is not included in the definition of CKD. Moreover, novel equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have recently emerged, which have not been applied comprehensively to older adults. Data on CKD awareness among the elderly are sparse...
February 24, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230198/longitudinal-association-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-with-cognitive-functioning-in-a-general-70-year-old-population-the-sonic-study
#4
Hirochika Ryuno, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Mai Kabayama, Ryosuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Serina Yokoyama, Motonori Nagasawa, Satomi Maeda-Hirao, Yuki Imaizumi, Miyuki Takeya, Hiroko Yamamoto, Masao Takeda, Yoichi Takami, Norihisa Itoh, Yasushi Takeya, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Hiroki Inagaki, Yukie Masui, Michiyo Takayama, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi
Both hypertension and diabetes in middle-aged individuals have been suggested to be predictive indicators of cognitive decline. However, the association of hypertension, diabetes and their combination with cognitive functioning is still controversial in older people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between cognitive decline and hypertension, diabetes, and their combination in 70-year-old people based on a 3-year longitudinal analysis. Four hundred and fifty-four people aged 70 (±1) years who participated in the Japanese longitudinal cohort study of Septuagenarians, Octogenarians and Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC) were recruited randomly from a general population and were monitored for 3 years...
February 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230070/an-fmri-compatible-force-measurement-system-for-the-evaluation-of-the-neural-correlates-of-step-initiation
#5
Andrea Cristina de Lima-Pardini, Raymundo Machado de Azevedo Neto, Daniel Boari Coelho, Catarina Costa Boffino, Sukhwinder S Shergill, Carolina de Oliveira Souza, Rachael Brant, Egberto Reis Barbosa, Ellison Fernando Cardoso, Luis Augusto Teixeira, Rajal G Cohen, Fay Bahling Horak, Edson Amaro
Knowledge of brain correlates of postural control is limited by the technical difficulties in performing controlled experiments with currently available neuroimaging methods. Here we present a system that allows the measurement of anticipatory postural adjustment of human legs to be synchronized with the acquisition of functional magnetic resonance imaging data. The device is composed of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) compatible force sensors able to measure the level of force applied by both feet. We tested the device in a group of healthy young subjects and a group of elderly subjects with Parkinson's disease using an event-related functional MRI (fMRI) experiment design...
February 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229646/special-nutrition-intervention-is-required-for-muscle-protective-efficacy-of-physical-exercise-in-elderly-people-at-highest-risk-of-sarcopenia
#6
A Molnár, I Jónásné Sztruhár, Á A Csontos, Cs Ferencz, Sz Várbíró, B Székács
Progressive loss of muscle mass and strength is a physiological consequence of aging, and without interventions, it usually deteriorates into sarcopenia. In this study, the hypothesis that combined special nutritional-physiotherapeutical intervention to prevent or reverse this biological deterioration in elderly people was tested. The effects of the regular resistance muscle training (PT, n = 17) alone and the combined exercise + special nutrition therapy containing whey protein and vitamin D (PT + NT, n = 17) were monitored for 3 months in 34 elderly patients (12 men and 22 women; mean age: 66...
September 2016: Physiol Int
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229224/factors-affecting-survival-of-patients-in-the-acute-phase-of-upper-cervical-spine-injuries
#7
Tomonori Morita, Tsuneo Takebayashi, Hideto Irifune, Hirofumi Ohnishi, Suguru Hirayama, Toshihiko Yamashita
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, on the one hand, the mortality rates of upper cervical spine injuries, such as odontoid fractures, were suggested to be not so high, but on the other hand reported to be significantly high. Furthermore, it has not been well documented the relationship between survival rates and various clinical features in those patients during the acute phase of injury because of few reports. This study aimed to evaluate survival rates and acute-phase clinical features of upper cervical spine injuries...
February 22, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228630/social-activities-of-older-men-who-require-daily-support-and-the-purpose-of-such-activities
#8
Michiyo Hirano, Kazuko Saeki, Izumi Ueda, Hikaru Honda, Yoshiko Mizuno
Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the social activities of older men who require daily support, and to clarify the purpose of such activities, in order to develop effective living support and preventive long-term care service, suitable for this population.Methods Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 older men. Data were analyzed using inductive and qualitative methods.Results Four categories of social activities were identified, and four categories of purposes of these social activities were extracted...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227946/analysis-of-effective-sit-to-stand-therapy-using-kinematic-synergies
#9
Bryan Lao, Tomoya Tamei, Kazushi Ikeda, Bryan Lao, Tomoya Tamei, Kazushi Ikeda, Tomoya Tamei, Bryan Lao, Kazushi Ikeda
Understanding effective sit-to-stand (STS) movement is essential for improving rehabilitation strategies and developing services for the rapidly increasing number of elderly people. This study aims at identifying effective STS therapy by analyzing the kinematic synergies of movements induced by therapists of different skill-levels. Three synergies were found to share the same temporal pattern in both joint angles and center-of-mass spaces across all therapists. Effective strategy used by a skilled therapist and strategy flaws of less-experienced therapists were revealed through comparison of spatial patterns...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227925/principal-component-analysis-can-decrease-neural-networks-performance-for-incipient-falls-detection-a-preliminary-study-with-hands-and-feet-accelerations
#10
Fiorenzo Artoni, Dario Martelli, Vito Monaco, Silvestre Micera, Fiorenzo Artoni, Dario Martelli, Vito Monaco, Silvestre Micera
Fall-related accidents constitute a major problem for elderly people and a burden to the health-care national system. It is therefore important to design devices (e.g., accelerometers) and machine learning algorithms able to recognize incipient falls as quickly and reliably as possible. Blind source separation (BSS) methods are often used as a preprocessing step before classification, however the effects of BSS on classification performance are not well understood. The aim of this work is to preliminarily characterize the effect that two methods, namely Principal and Independent Component Analysis (PCA and ICA) and their combined use have on the performance of a neural network in detecting incipient falls...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227915/relationship-between-magnitude-of-applied-torque-in-pre-swing-phase-and-gait-change-for-prevention-of-trip-in-elderly-people
#11
Tamon Miyake, Mariko Tsukune, Yo Kobayashi, Shigeki Sugano, Masakatsu G Fujie, Tamon Miyake, Mariko Tsukune, Yo Kobayashi, Shigeki Sugano, Masakatsu G Fujie, Shigeki Sugano, Tamon Miyake, Masakatsu G Fujie, Yo Kobayashi, Mariko Tsukune
Elderly people are at risk of tripping because of their narrow range of articular motion. To avoid tripping, gait training that improves their range of articular motion would be beneficial. In this study we propose a gait-training robot that applies a torque during the pre-swing phase to achieve this goal. We investigated the relationship between magnitude of applied torque and change in the range of knee-articular motion while walking before and after the application of this torque. We developed a wearable robot and carried out an experiment on human participants in which a motor pulls a string embedded on the robotic frame, applying torque in the pre-swing phase for a period of 20 [s]...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227876/a-dynamic-data-source-selection-system-for-smartwatch-platform
#12
Ebrahim Nemati, Konstantinos Sideris, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Ebrahim Nemati, Konstantinos Sideris, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Haik Kalantarian, Majid Sarrafzadeh, Konstantinos Sideris, Ebrahim Nemati
A novel data source selection algorithm is proposed for ambulatory activity tracking of elderly people. The algorithm introduces the concept of dynamic switching between the data collection modules (a smartwatch and a smartphone) to improve accuracy and battery life using contextual information. We show that by making offloading decisions as a function of activity, the proposed algorithm improves power consumption and accuracy of the previous work by 7 hours and 5% respectively compared to the baseline.
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227489/technology-adoption-and-prediction-tools-for-everyday-technologies-aimed-at-people-with-dementia
#13
Priyanka Chaurasia, Sally I McClean, Chris D Nugent, Ian Cleland, Shuai Zhang, Mark P Donnelly, Bryan W Scotney, Chelsea Sanders, Ken Smith, Maria C Norton, JoAnn Tschanz, Priyanka Chaurasia, Sally I McClean, Chris D Nugent, Ian Cleland, Shuai Zhang, Mark P Donnelly, Bryan W Scotney, Chelsea Sanders, Ken Smith, Maria C Norton, JoAnn Tschanz, Shuai Zhang, Ian Cleland, Bryan W Scotney, Ken Smith, Maria C Norton, Chris D Nugent, Mark P Donnelly, JoAnn Tschanz, Priyanka Chaurasia, Sally I McClean, Chelsea Sanders
A wide range of assistive technologies have been developed to support the elderly population with the goal of promoting independent living. The adoption of these technology based solutions is, however, critical to their overarching success. In our previous research we addressed the significance of modelling user adoption to reminding technologies based on a range of physical, environmental and social factors. In our current work we build upon our initial modeling through considering a wider range of computational approaches and identify a reduced set of relevant features that can aid the medical professionals to make an informed choice of whether to recommend the technology or not...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227457/evaluation-of-periodic-breathing-in-respiratory-flow-signal-of-elderly-patients-using-svm-and-linear-discriminant-analysis
#14
Sara Argerich, Sergio Herrera, Salvador Benito, Beatriz F Giraldo, Sara Argerich, Sergio Herrera, Salvador Benito, Beatriz F Giraldo, Beatriz F Giraldo, Salvador Benito, Sara Argerich, Sergio Herrera
Aging population is a major concern that is reflected in the increase of chronic diseases. Heart Failure (HF) is one of the most common chronic diseases of elderly people that is punctuated with acute episodes, which result in hospitalization. The periodic modulation of the amplitude of the breathing pattern is proved to be one of the multiple symptoms of an acute episode, and thus, the features extracted from its characterization contribute in the improvement of the first diagnosis of the clinical practice...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227321/fall-detection-algorithms-for-real-world-falls-harvested-from-lumbar-sensors-in-the-elderly-population-a-machine-learning-approach
#15
Alan K Bourke, Jochen Klenk, Lars Schwickert, Kamiar Aminian, Espen A F Ihlen, Sabato Mellone, Jorunn L Helbostad, Lorenzo Chiari, Clemens Becker, Alan K Bourke, Jochen Klenk, Lars Schwickert, Kamiar Aminian, Espen A F Ihlen, Sabato Mellone, Jorunn L Helbostad, Lorenzo Chiari, Clemens Becker, Lorenzo Chiari, Lars Schwickert, Kamiar Aminian, Clemens Becker, Jorunn L Helbostad, Jochen Klenk, Alan K Bourke, Sabato Mellone, Espen A F Ihlen
Automatic fall detection will promote independent living and reduce the consequences of falls in the elderly by ensuring people can confidently live safely at home for linger. In laboratory studies inertial sensor technology has been shown capable of distinguishing falls from normal activities. However less than 7% of fall-detection algorithm studies have used fall data recorded from elderly people in real life. The FARSEEING project has compiled a database of real life falls from elderly people, to gain new knowledge about fall events and to develop fall detection algorithms to combat the problems associated with falls...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226635/relationship-between-dynamical-characteristics-of-sit-to-walk-motion-and-physical-functions-of-elderly-humans
#16
Shengyun Liang, Yunkun Ning, Gaosheng Xie, Lei Wang, Xing Gao, Yingnan Ma, Guoru Zhao, Shengyun Liang, Yunkun Ning, Gaosheng Xie, Lei Wang, Xing Gao, Yingnan Ma, Guoru Zhao, Yingnan Ma, Yunkun Ning, Shengyun Liang, Xing Gao, Gaosheng Xie, Guoru Zhao, Lei Wang
Sit-to-walk (STW) motion is essential for daily activities. Falls frequently occur, when there is impaired ability to perform STW movements. This study investigated the relationships between the dynamical characteristics of STW motion and physical functions of elderly people. 128 elderly (51 males and 77 females, above 65 years) participated in this study. Participants were instructed to perform STW motion at comfortable state and classified into four groups (normal, mild, moderate and severe group) based on physical function, which evaluated with functional reach test and dynamic gait test...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226227/protective-and-harmful-immunity-to-rsv-infection
#17
Peter J M Openshaw, Chris Chiu, Fiona J Culley, Cecilia Johansson
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an exceptional mucosal pathogen. It specializes in infection of the ciliated respiratory epithelium, causing disease of variable severity with little or no direct systemic effects. It infects virtually all children by the age of three years and then repeatedly infects throughout life; this it does despite relatively slight variations in antigenicity, apparently by inducing selective immunological amnesia. Inappropriate or dysregulated responses to RSV can be pathogenic, causing disease-enhancing inflammation that contributes to short- and long-term effects...
February 6, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226049/predictors-for-the-functional-incapacity-of-the-elderly-in-primary-health-care
#18
Lívia Carvalho Pereira, Maria do Livramento Fortes Figueiredo, Cinara Maria Feitosa Beleza, Elaine Maria Leite Rangel Andrade, Maria Josefina da Silva, Antonio Francisco Machado Pereira
Objectives: to assess the predictors for the functional incapacity of the elderly in primary health care. Method: cross-sectional study, of which 388 older people participated, conducted in three Primary health care Units, using the Katz index and Lawton's scale. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. Results: regarding the degree of dependency for Basic Activities, 90.2% were less independent for dressing themselves; and for Instrumental Activities, 77...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226038/filial-care-and-the-relationship-with-the-elderly-in-families-of-different-nationalities
#19
Jossiana Wilke Faller, Adriana Zilly, Angela Maria Alvarez, Sonia Silva Marcon
Objective: identify how filial care and the relationship with the elderly occur in families of different nationalities. Method: qualitative study carried out in a town on the triple frontier of Paraná, comprising 33 elderly people of five different nationalities, adopting the Symbolic Interactionism and the Grounded Theory as theoretical-methodological strategy. Results: among Lebanese people, the Muslim religion teaches children to obey and respect parents; among French, distant family relationships and institutions for the elderly stand out...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226007/hospitalization-and-hospital-mortality-of-elderly-people-with-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-in-brazil-2008-2014
#20
Vanessa Cruz Santos, Karla Ferraz Dos Anjos, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Ramon Missias Moreira, Diego Pires Cruz, Eduardo Nagib Boery
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the evolution of hospitalizations and hospital mortality of elderly people with mental and behavioral disorders in Brazil, from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: this is a time series ecological study, with data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Health System (SIH/SUS), and analyzed through Prais-Winsten regression. RESULTS: during the studied period, 139,941 hospitalizations and 2,962 deaths were recorded; the hospitalization coefficient for mental and behavioral disorders decreased in Brazil, from 122...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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