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Michael Ita, Kevin Koh, Abeeda Butt, Shaheed KaimKhani, Louise Kelly, Martin J O'Sullivan, Henry Paul Redmond, Mark A Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Cosmetic outcomes and scar lengths remain important considerations in breast cancer surgery. Suturing techniques should decrease scar tissue formation and provide good cosmetic results. The use of an accordion suturing technique may result in decreased surgical wound lengths and better cosmetic outcomes. We compared the outcomes of the accordion suturing technique with the standard suturing technique in breast cancer surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Female patients undergoing wide local excision of breast cancers were randomised to undergo closure of their surgical wound by either the accordion or the non-accordion (standard) suturing techniques between the months of May and October 2015...
March 21, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Claudio Chillemi, Matteo Mantovani, Antonio Gigante
Superior capsular reconstruction (SCR) demonstrated its efficacy as a treatment option available in patients affected with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears without any signs of arthritis. Originally, the fascia lata autograft was fixed medially to the glenoid (with two or more anchors) and laterally to the greater tuberosity (with a compression double-row technique using four anchors or three transosseous tunnels). Additionally, side-to-side sutures were used to anteriorly and posteriorly connect the graft to the native residual rotator cuff tissue...
March 21, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jun-Ki Moon, Yeesuk Kim, Kyu-Tae Hwang, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Young-Ho Kim
PURPOSE: Although the posterolateral approach for hip arthroplasty is popular and has numerous advantages, it has been known to have a propensity for dislocation. The repair of short external rotator muscles with capsule is important for reducing dislocation. The purpose of this study is to investigate the incidence of suture failure, dislocation, and time to failure for two repair techniques for posterior soft tissue repair during total hip arthroplasty. METHODS: In this study of 167 total hip arthroplasties in 159 patients, we reattached the short external rotator tendon with posterior capsule to the greater trochanter transosseously (tendon-to-bone, 87 hips) or the gluteus medius tendon (tendon-to-tendon, 80 hips)...
March 21, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Evangelos P Misiakos, Anna Paspala, Anastasia Prodromidou, Nikolaos Machairas, Vasileia Domi, Nikolaos Koliakos, Theodore Karatzas, Nick Zavras, Anastasios Machairas
This is a report of a case who was admitted and operated on for a strangulated femoral hernia. The hernia sac contained a gangrenous appendix, which was excised and the hernia was repaired with sutures without complication. De Garengeot's hernia, although very rare, should be included in the differential diagnosis of cases with strangulated hernia and should receive the optimal treatment.
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
Eui-Hyang Seong, Sung-Hwan Choi, Hee-Jin Kim, Hyung-Seog Yu, Young-Chel Park, Kee-Joon Lee
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stress distribution and displacement of various craniofacial structures after nonsurgical rapid palatal expansion (RPE) with conventional (C-RPE), bone-borne (B-RPE), and miniscrew-assisted (MARPE) expanders for young adults using three-dimensional finite element analysis (3D FEA). Methods: Conventional, bone-borne, and miniscrew-assisted palatal expanders were designed to simulate expansion in a 3D FE model created from a 20-year-old human dry skull...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
Su-Keon Lee, Bong-Seok Yang, Byeong-Mun Park, Ji-Ung Yeom, Ji-Hyeon Kim, Jeong-Seok Yu
Medial meniscal root tears have been repaired using various methods. Arthroscopic all-inside repair using a suture anchor is one of the popular methods. However, insertion of the suture anchor into the proper position at the posterior root of the medial meniscus is technically difficult. Some methods have been reported to facilitate suture anchor insertion through a high posteromedial portal, a posterior trans-septal portal, or a medial quadriceptal portal. Nevertheless, many surgeons still have difficulty during anchor insertion...
March 2018: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
Gang Chen, Lingmin Wu, Lihui Zheng, Ligang Ding, Tom Wong, Shu Zhang, Yan Yao
This study aimed to prospectively evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new developed method that uses percutaneous ultrasound-guided hematoma aspiration followed by targeted localized manual compression for treatment of femoral artery pseudoaneurysm after cardiac catheterization, which obviates thrombin use, surgery, and long-time compression.From January 2007 to July 2014, 32 patients (17 women; mean age, 55.3 ± 11.5 years) out of 8,725 consecutive cases undergoing cardiac catheterization via femoral access developed one pseudoaneurysm each ranging in size from 21 × 11 mm to 72 × 39 mm...
March 20, 2018: International Heart Journal
Ji Won Seo, Sunah Kang, Chanjoo Ahn, Bita Esmaeli, Ho-Seok Sa
BACKGROUND: This study investigated surgical outcomes of full-thickness eyelid everting sutures for lower lid epiblepharon and influential factors leading to surgical failure. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of patients with lower lid epiblepharon who underwent surgical correction using the full-thickness eyelid everting suture technique. Lower lid epiblepharon was assessed preoperatively using a morphological classification (class I-IV) according to the horizontal skin fold height and a functional classification (grade 0-3) according to the severity of keratopathy...
March 21, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Peter Tang, Patrick J Schimoler, Hongkyun Kim, Brad M Gillman, Alexander Kharlamov, Mark Carl Miller
We evaluated the strength of conduit-assisted primary digital nerve repairs, with varying suture location and number, in 56 digital nerves from cadavers. Maximum load to failure was tested for the following seven repairs, designated by the number of epineurial sutures followed by the number of sutures at each end of the conduit: 4 (epineurial sutures)/0 (sutures at each end of conduit), 4/4, 4/2, 2/2, 0/4, 0/2, 0/1. The 4/4 repair (3.0 N) was significantly stronger than 4/0 (1.5 N), 2/2 (1.6 N), 0/4 (2...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Despina Apostolopoulou, Olga S Kaxira, Angeliki Hatzaki, Kanaris P Panagopoulos, Konstantinos Alexandrou, Alexander Stratoudakis, Panagoula Kollia, Vassiliki Aleporou
INTRODUCTION: Craniosynostosis, the premature fusion of cranial sutures, is usually divided into 2 major categories: syndromic and nonsyndromic. Mutations in the FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3, TWIST1, and EFNB1 genes cause the common craniosynostosis syndromes Muenke, Crouzon and Crouzon with acanthosis nigricans, Apert, Pfeiffer, Saethre-Chotzen, and Craniofrontonasal. Overlapping features among craniosynostosis syndromes, phenotypic heterogeneity even within the same syndrome, especially in the case of Muenke syndrome, and inadequate clinical evaluation can lead to misdiagnosis, which molecular testing can help clarify...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
William Abouhassan, John Kuang Chao, Ananth S Murthy
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis is an uncommon complication after shunting procedures for congenital hydrocephalus. We report a case of a child with myelomeningocele and normocephaly at the time of birth. She underwent ventricular shunting for Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus at 3 days of age. An immediate postoperative CT scan confirmed all sutures were open. Serial CT scans document an open metopic suture at 2 months, closed metopic suture at 5 months, and trigonocephaly at 11 months with concomitant slit ventricle syndrome, and collapsed lateral and third ventricles...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Amir Wolff, Gabriel F Santiago, Micah Belzberg, Omri Emodi, Chad R Gordon
INTRODUCTION: Combined mid-face and nasal apparatus trauma injuries pose a significant challenge to airway patency (AW), in the immediate postoperative setting following fracture reduction. As such, the authors describe a modified technique with the goal of maintaining a patent nasal AW, while at the same time, minimizing nasopharyngeal bleeding and nasal AW edema-which can complicate patients requiring intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the setting of pan-facial trauma. METHODS: A modified technique was devised to assist the reconstruction surgeon in avoiding the risks associated with tracheostomy placement...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kritsada Moonpa, Kannipa Motanated
The Nam Pat Group of the Nam Pat Basin, Uttaradit Province, Thailand is situated in the Nan Suture Zone. Two contrasting tectonic framework models of the Nan Suture have previously been proposed: as a main Paleo-Tethyan suture and as a remnant of a closed back-arc basin. The goal of this study is to analyze the tectonic framework of the Nan Suture and reevaluate the existing tectonic models. This research infers the tectonic setting of the basin based on basin-filled lithofacies distributions, provenance, and paleocurrents...
January 2018: Heliyon
Femke F Schröder, Rianne Huis In't Veld, Lydia A den Otter, Sjoerd M van Raak, Bennie Ten Haken, Anne J H Vochteloo
Background: The rate of retear after rotator cuff surgery is 17%. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans are used for confirmative diagnosis of retear. However, because of the presence of titanium suture anchors, metal artefacts on the MRI are common. The present study evaluated the diagnostic value of MRI after rotator cuff tendon surgery with respect to assessing the integrity as well as the degeneration and atrophy of the rotator cuff tendons when titanium anchors are in place. Methods: Twenty patients who underwent revision surgery of the rotator cuff as a result of a clinically suspected retear between 2013 and 2015 were included...
April 2018: Shoulder & Elbow
Graeme C Hintz, Abdullah Alshehri, Carolyn M Bell, Sonia A Butterworth
BACKGROUND: Whereas the adult literature has demonstrated the acceptable safety profile of stapled anastomoses when compared to the hand-sewn alternative, the choice of intestinal anastomosis using sutures or staples remains inadequately investigated in children. The purpose of this study is to compare the anastomotic outcomes of both techniques in children under 5years of age. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients undergoing intestinal anastomosis at a single tertiary centre (2012-2016) was undertaken...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Jing Sun, Wenrui Wang, Jianwen Li, Fei Yue, Bo Feng, Ji Wang, Minggang Wang
Laparoscopic techniques are now well pervading in the treatment of inguinal hernia. This study aims to investigate the laparoscopic strategy for recurrent inguinal hernia repair. Laparoscopic technique was retrospectively applied to 330 patients with 352 recurrent inguinal hernias in the past 14 years. The surgical strategies were further evaluated. There were 22 cases with bilateral recurrent hernias, whereas the rest 308 cases with unilateral disorders. Patients were further categorized by previous repair approaches as high ligation, sclerotherapy, conventional suture repair, Lichtenstein repair, plug and patch repair, and preperitoneal repair...
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
Sean Baran, Jeffrey G Belisle, Erin K Granger, Robert Z Tashjian
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the functional and radiographic outcomes of anatomic coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction (ACCR) using allograft tendon without interference screw fixation. DESIGN: Retrospective nonrandomized study. SETTING: Level I trauma center (University Hospital). PATIENTS: Seventeen patients (mean age of 44 years) with Rockwood III through V acromioclavicular joint disruptions. Twelve of 17 patients had a primary reconstruction, including 4 patients sustaining their injuries as part of a polytrauma incident...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Berna Aslan Cetin, Begum Aydogan Mathyk, Alev Atis Aydin, Nadiye Koroglu, Pinar Yalcin Bahat, Ilkbal Temel Yuksel, Elif Goknur Topcu, Ismail Ozdemir
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is one of the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality around the world. Medical treatments and uterus-sparing interventions including balloon tamponades and compression sutures are the first line options before the decision is made to perform a hysterectomy. Our aim is to compare the success rates of the Hayman compression suture and the Bakri balloon tamponade in patients with PPH. METHODS: We enrolled 82 patients who were diagnosed with uterine atony during their cesarean sections and failed to respond to uterotonic agents...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Adi Einan-Lifshitz, Avner Belkin, David Mathew, Nir Sorkin, Clara C Chan, Yvonne M Buys, Graham E Trope, David S Rootman
PURPOSE: To assess the long-term outcomes of GDD exposure repair with corneal lamellar patch graft covered by a buccal mucous membrane graft sutured to surrounding conjunctiva. METHODS: In this retrospective longitudinal study, the charts of all patients who underwent buccal mucous membrane grafts combined with corneal lamellar patch grafts for exposed GDD tubes between the years 2006 to 2013 were reviewed. A minimum follow-up of 3 years was required for inclusion...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
David Pitskhelauri, Elina Kudieva, Dmitrii Moshchev, Evgeny Ananev, Michail Shifrin, Gleb Danilov, Tatiana Melnikova-Pitskhelauri, Igor Kachkov, Andrey Bykanov, Alexander Sanikidze
OBJECTIVE: A pseudomeningocele and an incisional cerebrospinal fluid leak are considered frequent complications following neurosurgical operations. The rate of these complications especially increases following neurosurgical procedures on the posterior cranial fossae. According to some publications, the rate of pseudomeningoceles has been reported as high as 40%, whereas that of incisional cerebrospinal fluid leaks is up to 17%. For the purposes of reducing the risk of these complications after a midline suboccipital craniotomy, we propose suturing the arachnoid membrane of the cisterna magna...
March 20, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
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