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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647184/identification-of-novel-biomarkers-for-adult-onset-immunodeficiency-aoid-syndrome-using-serum-proteomics
#1
Jeerang Wongtrakul, Thananya Thongtan, Sittiruk Roytrakul, Jutarat Praparattanapan, Jiraprapa Wipasa, Benjawan Kumrapich, Khuanchai Supparatpinyo
OBJECTIVE: To identify the candidate protein biomarkers of adult-onset-immunodeficiency (AOID) syndrome using serum proteomics. METHODS: Screening and verification phases were performed in the study. A total of 97 serum samples were classified into three groups: AOID patients with opportunistic infections (active AOID), AOID patients without opportunistic infections (inactive AOID), and healthy control. In the screening phase, pooled sera collected from patients and healthy control in each group were separated by 2D-gel electrophoresis, analyzed for differentially expressed proteins and identified for biomarkers using LC/MS...
May 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640320/molecular-signature-of-coronary-stent-thrombosis-oxidative-stress-and-innate-immunity-cells
#2
Judit Cubedo, Ana Blasco, Teresa Padro, Ilaria Ramaiola, Oriol Juan-Babot, Javier Goicolea, José Antonio Fernández-Díaz, Juan Francisco Oteo, Lina Badimon
The clinical impact of in-stent thrombosis is high because it is associated with high mortality and 20 % of the patients suffer a recurrent event within the two following years. The aim of this study was to characterise the morphologic and proteomic profile of in-stent thrombi (IST) in comparison to thrombi developed on native coronary arteries (CT) to identify a differential molecular signature. The study included 45 patients with ST-elevation-myocardial-infarction (STEMI) treated by primary-percutaneous-intervention and thrombus aspiration: 21 had IST and 24 had CT...
June 22, 2017: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622474/larch-arabinogalactan-attenuates-myocardial-injury-by-inhibiting-apoptotic-cascades-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemia-reperfusion
#3
Sun-Ha Lim
We reported previously that supplementation with apple pectin, a dietary fiber, reduced myocardial injury in a rat model of ischemia-reperfusion. In this study, we further investigated an arabinogalactan, one of the constituent polysaccharides of pectin, to determine which domains comprising pectin were responsible for the protection. In a rat model of 30-min ischemia followed by 3-h reperfusion, supplementation with larch arabinogalactan (LAG) over 50 mg/kg/day significantly reduced infarct size. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, and immunoblot analyses showed that intake of LAG blocked the steps involved in apoptotic cascades through downregulation of gelsolin gene expression at the protein (Gelsolin) level, inhibition of p38 phosphorylation in mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways, decreased bax/bcl-2 ratio at the protein (Bax/Bcl-2) level, which was correlated with the ratio at the mRNA level, inhibition of the conversion of Procaspase protein to Caspase-3 protein, and consequently a decrease in apoptotic cells...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605435/aav9-delivered-bispecific-nanobody-attenuates-amyloid-burden-in-the-gelsolin-amyloidosis-mouse-model
#4
Adriaan Verhelle, Nisha Nair, Inge Everaert, Wouter Van Overbeke, Lynn Supply, Olivier Zwaenepoel, Cindy Peleman, Jo Van Dorpe, Tony Lahoutte, Nick Devoogdt, Wim Derave, Marinee K Chuah, Thierry VandenDriessche, Jan Gettemans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599499/comparative-secretome-of-ovarian-serous-carcinoma-gelsolin-in-the-spotlight
#5
Sandra Pierredon, Pascale Ribaux, Jean-Christophe Tille, Patrick Petignat, Marie Cohen
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common types of reproductive cancer, and has the highest mortality rate amongst gynecological cancer subtypes. The majority of ovarian cancers are diagnosed at an advanced stage, resulting in a five-year survival rate of ~30%. Early diagnosis of ovarian cancer has improved the five-year survival rate to ≥90%, thus the current imperative requirement is to identify biomarkers that would allow the early detection, diagnosis and monitoring of the progression of the disease, or of novel targets for therapy...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582578/proteomics-of-the-epicardial-fat-secretome-and-its-role-in-post-operative-atrial-fibrillation
#6
Alessandro Viviano, Xiaoke Yin, Anna Zampetaki, Marika Fava, Mark Gallagher, Manuel Mayr, Marjan Jahangiri
Aims: Post-operative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a predictor of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. Latent predisposing factors may reside in the epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) due to its anatomical position and high protein production rate. In order to explore a possible mechanistic link, we characterized proteins secreted by the EAT preceding the onset of POAF. Methods and results: Epicardial adipose tissue samples were collected from 76 consecutive patients with no history of AF undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery, 50 samples for proteomic analysis and 26 for gene expression studies, further divided according to development of POAF...
June 5, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574190/flow-aligned-single-shot-fiber-diffraction-using-a-femtosecond-x-ray-free-electron-laser
#7
David Popp, N Duane Loh, Habiba Zorgati, Umesh Ghoshdastider, Lu Ting Liow, Magdalena I Ivanova, Mårten Larsson, Daniel P DePonte, Richard Bean, Kenneth R Beyerlein, Cornelius Gati, Dominik Oberthuer, David Arnlund, Gisela Brändén, Peter Berntsen, Duilio Cascio, Leonard M G Chavas, Joe P J Chen, Ke Ding, Holger Fleckenstein, Lars Gumprecht, Rajiv Harimoorthy, Estelle Mossou, Michael R Sawaya, Aaron S Brewster, Johan Hattne, Nicholas K Sauter, Marvin Seibert, Carolin Seuring, Francesco Stellato, Thomas Tilp, David S Eisenberg, Marc Messerschmidt, Garth J Williams, Jason E Koglin, Lee Makowski, Rick P Millane, Trevor Forsyth, Sébastien Boutet, Thomas A White, Anton Barty, Henry Chapman, Swaine L Chen, Mengning Liang, Richard Neutze, Robert C Robinson
A major goal for X-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) based science is to elucidate structures of biological molecules without the need for crystals. Filament systems may provide some of the first single macromolecular structures elucidated by XFEL radiation, since they contain one-dimensional translational symmetry and thereby occupy the diffraction intensity region between the extremes of crystals and single molecules. Here, we demonstrate flow alignment of as few as 100 filaments (Escherichia coli pili, F-actin, and amyloid fibrils), which when intersected by femtosecond X-ray pulses result in diffraction patterns similar to those obtained from classical fiber diffraction studies...
June 2, 2017: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573081/comparative-proteomic-analysis-of-rat-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-after-exposure-to-zinc-oxide-nanoparticles
#8
Yu-Min Juang, Han-Ju Chien, Cheng-Yu Yang, Hsiao-Chien Yeh, Tsun-Jen Cheng, Chien-Chen Lai
Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are one of the most widely used nanomaterials in consumer products and industrial applications. As a result of all these uses, this has raised concerns regarding their potential toxicity. We previously found that candidate markers of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and lung cancer were significantly up-regulated in rat bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) following exposure to ZnO NPs by using a liquid chromatography (LC)-based proteomic approach. To achieve comprehensive protein identification analysis, we conducted the two-dimensional gel electrophosis (2-DE)-based proteomic workflow to analyze the differences in BALF proteins from rats that had been exposed to a high dose of 35 nm ZnO NPs...
2017: Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500241/a-plague-of-actin-disassembly
#9
Shoichiro Ono
Pathogenic Yersinia species employ several strategies to evade the host immune system, including interfering with cytoskeletal remodeling as a way to block macrophage phagocytosis. The kinase YopO binds directly to monomeric actin and phosphorylates the actin-remodeling protein gelsolin, but the functional importance of this gelsolin modification has not been clear. A combined biochemical, computational, and biophysical study now reveals that YopO-mediated phosphorylation activates host gelsolin, leading to severed actin filaments and disturbed actin dynamics...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498470/novel-role-of-semaphorin%C3%A2-3a-in-the-growth-and-progression-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Xuedong Li, Qing Chen, Dan Yin, Shiming Shi, Lei Yu, Shaolai Zhou, Erbao Chen, Zhengjun Zhou, Yinghong Shi, Jia Fan, Jian Zhou, Zhi Dai
Semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A), a secretory protein, is a founding member of the semaphorin family and functions in both the biological behavior of tumor cells and the modulation of tumor-associated macrophages. However, the role of SEMA3A in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is still not well established. In the present study, we investigated the expression levels of SEMA3A in 80 HCC tissues and cell lines, using RT-qPCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Expression profile analysis revealed that SEMA3A was significantly overexpressed in human HCC patients and positively correlated with the metastatic potential of HCC cells...
May 2, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498392/the-flightless-i-protein-interacts-with-rna-binding-proteins-and-is-involved-in-the-genome-wide-mrna-post-transcriptional-regulation-in-lung-carcinoma-cells
#11
Cuihua Wang, Kezhi Chen, Shengyou Liao, Wei Gu, Xinlei Lian, Jing Zhang, Xuejuan Gao, Xiaohui Liu, Tong Wang, Qing-Yu He, Gong Zhang, Langxia Liu
The flightless I protein (FLII) belongs to the gelsolin family. Its function has been associated with actin remodeling, embryonic development, wound repair, and more recently with cancer. The structure of FLII is characterized by the N-terminal leucine-rich repeats (LRR) and C-terminal gesolin related repeated units that are both protein-protein inter-action domains, suggesting that FLII may exert its function by interaction with other proteins. Therefore, systematic study of protein interactions of FLII in cells is important for the understanding of FLII functions...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469748/plasma-actin-gelsolin-and-orosomucoid-levels-after-eccentric-exercise
#12
Éva Tékus, Márk Váczi, Zoltán Horváth-Szalai, Andrea Ludány, Tamás Kőszegi, Márta Wilhelm
The present study investigated the acute effect of eccentric exercise on blood plasma actin, gelsolin (GSN) and orosomucoid (AGP) levels in untrained and moderately trained individuals, and their correlation with exercise induced muscle damage (EIMD) markers (CK, intensity of muscle soreness and maximal voluntary contraction torque deficit). Healthy physical education students (6 untrained, 12 moderately trained) participated in this research. Actin, GSN, AGP and CK levels were measured in blood plasma at baseline, immediately, 1 h, 6 h and 24 h post-exercise comprising 90 eccentric quadriceps contractions performed on a dynamometer...
February 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465181/expression-purification-and-characterization-of-recombinant-8%C3%A2-kda-gelsolin-fragment
#13
Qing Zhang, Weijie Lu, Lina Ji, Zi-Chun Hua
A mutation (D187N/Y) in human plasma gelsolin (GSN) leads to the generation of an 8 kDa GSN fragment (8 kDa-GSN), and consequently causes the familial amyloidosis of Finnish type. Because of its faster kinetics of amyloid formation under physiologically relevant conditions, 8 kDa-GSN is used to explore gelsolin amyloidosis and screen small molecules that can disaggregate amyloids. However, the synthetic 8 kDa-GSN is expensive, and substantial quantities of 8 kDa-GSN are needed for the screen. Here we report a study to obtain recombinant 8 kDa-GSN with high yield from Escherichia coli...
April 29, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455686/flightless-i-homolog-regulates-glucocorticoid-receptor-mediated-transcription-via-direct-interaction-of-the-leucine-rich-repeat-domain
#14
Hong Lan Jin, Liu Yang, Kwang Won Jeong
Flightless-I homolog (FLII) is a member of the gelsolin family of proteins, and has been identified as a coactivator of estrogen receptor-mediated transcription. Here, we investigate the role of FLII in the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling pathway. Reporter gene assay and real-time quantitative PCR in A549 were performed to investigate the function of FLII in the expression of GR target genes. Co-immunoprecipitation assay and in vitro binding assay were used to identify binding domain of FLII. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay were carried out with FLII-depleted A549 cells to determine the role of FLII at GR binding sites...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440466/mir-200a-targets-gelsolin-a-novel-mechanism-regulating-secretion-of-microvesicles-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#15
Ya Xu, Yanfen Zhang, Lujing Wang, Ruiqi Zhao, Yu Qiao, Dong Han, Qian Sun, Nazhen Dong, Yicong Liu, Dantong Wu, Xuemei Zhang, Ning Huang, Ning Ma, Weiming Zhao, Yanhong Liu, Xu Gao
Microvesicle biogenesis is a highly regulated process. Aberrant release of microvesicles from cancer cells have been associated with their invasiveness and prognosis. However, the mechanism of aberrant release remains poorly understood. Herein, we found that hepatocellular carcinoma cells shed more microvesicles than normal hepatocytes and miR-200a were shown to inhibit the release of microvesicles in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Then, we confirmed that miR-200a might target Gelsolin and change cytoskeleton to regulate microvesicles secretion...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431142/respiratory-chain-enzyme-deficiency-induces-mitochondrial-location-of-actin-binding-gelsolin-to-modulate-the-oligomerization-of-vdac-complexes-and-cell-survival
#16
Alberto García-Bartolomé, Ana Peñas, Lorena Marín-Buera, Teresa Lobo-Jarne, Rafael Pérez-Pérez, María Morán, Joaquín Arenas, Miguel A Martín, Cristina Ugalde
Despite considerable knowledge on the genetic basis of mitochondrial disorders, their pathophysiological consequences remain poorly understood. We previously used 2D-DIGE analyses to define a protein profile characteristic for respiratory chain complex III-deficiency that included a significant overexpression of cytosolic Gelsolin (GSN), a cytoskeletal protein that regulates the severing and capping of the actin filaments. Biochemical and immunofluorescence assays confirmed a specific increase of GSN levels in the mitochondria from patientś fibroblasts and from transmitochondrial cybrids with complex III assembly defects...
April 18, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404947/identification-of-urine-biomarkers-associated-with-lung-adenocarcinoma
#17
Weiwei Wang, Shanshan Wang, Man Zhang
Lung adenocarcinoma (LAC) progression is accompanied by changes in protein levels that may be reflected in body fluids, such as urine. Urine collected from LAC patients (n=34) and healthy controls (n=36) was analyzed via matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) combined with weak cationic exchange magnetic beads. The results revealed 76 urinary polypeptides significantly different between LAC patients and normal controls (P<0.05). Twenty-two of these peptides were up-regulated and 54 were down-regulated...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400331/four-paralog-gelsolin-genes-are-differentially-expressed-in-the-earthworm-lumbricus-terrestris
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Prasath Thiruketheeswaran, Paul Thomalla, Evelyn Krüger, Horst Hinssen, Jochen D'Haese
We have identified and characterized four distinct variants of the gelsolin-related protein (EWAM P1-P4) in the earthworm L. terrestris. All of these proteins biochemically qualify as gelsolins since they sever actin filaments in a calcium dependent manner. P1, P2 and P3 are present in the Lumbricus body wall muscle whereas in the gizzard muscle P3 and P4 were found. P1-P4 are encoded by four paralog genes and are differentially expressed in various muscle cell tissues. While the genes for P1 and P2 contain one intron, there was no intron in both P3 and P4 genes...
June 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385809/free-actin-impairs-macrophage-bacterial-defenses-via-scavenger-receptor-marco-interaction-with-reversal-by-plasma-gelsolin
#19
Christine M Ordija, Terry Ting-Yu Chiou, Zhiping Yang, Glen M Deloid, Melina de Oliveira Valdo, Zhi Wang, Alice Bedugnis, Terry L Noah, Samuel Jones, Henry Koziel, Lester Kobzik
Lung injury can release intracellular actin into the alveolar milieu and is also associated with increased susceptibility to secondary infections. We investigated the effect of free (extracellular) actin on lung macrophage host defense functions. Western blot analysis demonstrated free actin release into the lung lavage fluids of mouse models of ozone injury, influenza infection, and secondary pneumococcal pneumonia and in samples from patients following burn and inhalation injury. Using levels comparable with those observed in lung injury, we found that free actin markedly inhibited murine lung macrophage binding and uptake in vitro of S...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377587/overexpression-of-gsn-could-decrease-inflammation-and-apoptosis-in-eae-and-may-enhance-vitamin-d-therapy-on-eae-ms
#20
Jifang Gao, Zhaoyu Qin, Xinyuan Guan, Juanjuan Guo, Huaqing Wang, Shilian Liu
The decrease of gelsolin (GSN) in the blood has been reported in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) animals, but the protective effect of GSN on EAE/MS lacks of evidence. In our study, we increased the GSN level in EAE by injecting GSN-overexpress lentivirus (LV-GSN) into the lateral ventricle and caudal vein and found that GSN administration can delay the onset and decrease the severity of EAE. Vitamin D is proven to have a therapeutic effect on MS/EAE; however, we previously found that vitamin D caused a downregulation of GSN, which might limit vitamin D efficacy...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
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