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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221472/odontoblast-like-differentiation-and-mineral-formation-of-pulpsphere-derived-cells-on-human-root-canal-dentin-in-vitro
#1
Jörg Neunzehn, Sandra Pötschke, Christian Hannig, Hans-Peter Wiesmann, Marie-Theres Weber
BACKGROUND: The revitalization or regeneration of the dental pulp is a preferable goal in current endodontic research. In this study, human dental pulp cell (DPC) spheres were applied to human root canal samples to evaluate their potential adoption for physiological tissue-like regeneration of the dental root canal by odontoblastic differentiation as well as cell-induced mineral formation. METHODS: DPC were cultivated into three-dimensional cell spheres and seeded on human root canal specimens...
December 8, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211127/evaluation-of-stress-distribution-in-endodontically-weakened-teeth-restored-with-different-crown-materials-3d-fea-analysis
#2
Izabela C M Moris, Carolina Alves Moscardini, Luana Kelle Batista Moura, Yara Teresinha Corrêa Silva-Sousa, Erica Alves Gomes
This study evaluated the stress distribution in endodontically treated teeth, weakened (W) or not weakened (NW), restored with different materials of prosthetic crown using 3D-FEA. Models of a maxillary canine were constructed based on micro-CT images and divided into the groups: G1 (control) - sound tooth; G2 to G7 - endodontically treated teeth restored with glass fiber post (GFP); which G2 to G4 simulated NW root and G5 to G7 simulated W root. For crown material the teeth were restored with: G2 and G5: metallic coping and ceramic veneering, G3 and G6: zirconia coping and ceramic veneering, G4 and G7: alumina coping and ceramic veneering...
November 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161952/reduced-antibiotic-prescription-rates-following-physician-targeted-interventions-in-a-dental-practice
#3
Hyesung Kim, Jeong Kyu Oh, Myeng Ki Kim, Kwanghak Bae, Hyungkil Choi
BACKGROUND: The prescription rate for antibiotics in dental clinics is not declining despite the increase in the antibiotic resistance problem. In this study, we observed the change in antibiotic prescription rates by dentists in a Korean dental hospital for various treatments after conducting interventions targeting dentists. METHODS: The first intervention was to distribute guidelines. The second intervention was to remove the bundled prescription button containing antibiotics from the Electronic Medical Record system...
November 21, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155538/aetiological-histopathological-clinical-diagnostic-and-therapeutical-features-of-idiopathic-cervical-resorption
#4
Virginia Robles Gijón, Cristina Lucena Martín, Rosa Mª Pulgar Encinas, José Manuel Navajas
Root resorption is the loss of hard dental tissue as a result of odontoclastic action involving vital and pulpless teeth. Cervical root resorption (CRR) is a type of external resorption which usually occurs immediately below the epithelial attachment of the tooth in the cervical region. The idiopathic cervical resorption (ICR) refers to a clinical situation in which all other causes, whether local or systemic, have been ruled out as the origin of the disease. The early stage is asymptomatic and might be diagnosed by a routine radiograph or a clinical examination...
December 2016: Dental Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153985/diagnosis-of-mesiodistal-vertical-root-fractures-in-teeth-with-metal-posts-influence-of-applying-filters-in-cone-beam-computed-tomography-images-at-different-resolutions
#5
Débora De Martin E Silva, Celso Neiva Campos, Antônio Carlos Pires Carvalho, Karina Lopes Devito
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this article was to evaluate the influence of applying filters in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images at different resolutions. These CBCT images were obtained for diagnosing mesiodistal vertical root fractures (VRFs) in teeth with metal posts. METHODS: Forty teeth were treated endodontically, and 20 received metal posts. Ten teeth without posts and 10 teeth with posts were subjected to VRF in the mesiodistal direction. The sample was submitted to periapical radiographs and CBCT exams with a voxel of 0...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148912/influence-of-different-restoration-techniques-on-fracture-resistance-of-root-filled-teeth-in-vitro-investigation
#6
M E Hshad, E E Dalkılıç, G C Ozturk, I Dogruer, F Koray
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the fracture strength of endodontically treated mandibular premolar teeth restored with composites and different reinforcement techniques. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Forty-eight freshly extracted human mandibular premolar teeth were randomly divided into four groups: group IN, group CR, group FRC, and group PRF. Group IN consisted of teeth with intact crowns and served as the control group. In the other three groups, endodontic treatment was performed and standard mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities were prepared...
November 17, 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143136/investigation-of-arginine-a-specific-cysteine-proteinase-gene-expression-profiling-in-clinical-porphyromonas-gingivalis-isolates-against-photokilling-action-of-the-photo-activated-disinfection
#7
Maryam Pourhajibagher, Roghayeh Ghorbanzadeh, Abbas Bahador
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a significant root canal pathogen capable of causing endodontic infections, which during their treatment may receive sub-lethal doses of photo-activated disinfection (sPAD). As sPAD can influence microbial virulence, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of sPAD on gene expression level of arginine A-specific cysteine proteinase (rgpA), as one of the underlying virulence factors involved in the development of endodontic infection via P. gingivalis strains. To find out the sPAD against 16 clinical isolates of PAD-resistant P...
November 15, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142639/effect-of-ferrule-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-mandibular-premolars-with-prefabricated-posts-and-cores
#8
Ae-Ra Kim, Hyun-Pil Lim, Hong-So Yang, Sang-Won Park
PURPOSE: This study evaluated fracture resistance with regard to ferrule lengths and post reinforcement on endodontically treated mandibular premolars incorporating a prefabricated post and resin core. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred extracted mandibular premolars were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=20): intact teeth (NR); endodontically treated teeth (ETT) without post (NP); ETT restored with a prefabricated post with ferrule lengths of either 0 mm (F0), 1 mm (F1), or 2 mm (F2)...
October 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126633/mechanical-behavior-of-endodontically-restored-canine-teeth-effects-of-ferrule-post-material-and-shape
#9
Pietro Ausiello, Stefano Ciaramella, Massimo Martorelli, Antonio Lanzotti, Fernando Zarone, David C Watts, Antonio Gloria
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of a ferrule design with specific post material-shape combinations on the mechanical behavior of post-restored canine teeth. METHODS: Micro-CT scan images of an intact canine were used to create a 3-D tessellated CAD model, from which the shapes of dentin, pulp and enamel were obtained and geometric models of post-endodontically restored teeth were created. Two types of 15mm post were evaluated: a quartz fiber post with conical-tapered shape, and a carbon (C) fiber post with conical-cylindrical shape...
November 7, 2017: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119108/effect-of-endocrown-restorations-with-different-cad-cam-materials-3d-finite-element-and-weibull-analyses
#10
Laden Gulec, Nuran Ulusoy
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two endocrown designs and computer aided design/manufacturing (CAD/CAM) materials on stress distribution and failure probability of restorations applied to severely damaged endodontically treated maxillary first premolar tooth (MFP). Two types of designs without and with 3 mm intraradicular extensions, endocrown (E) and modified endocrown (ME), were modeled on a 3D Finite element (FE) model of the MFP. Vitablocks Mark II (VMII), Vita Enamic (VE), and Lava Ultimate (LU) CAD/CAM materials were used for each type of design...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102078/root-canal-filling-quality-of-a-premixed-calcium-silicate-endodontic-sealer-applied-using-gutta-percha-cone-mediated-ultrasonic-activation
#11
Jung-Ae Kim, Yun-Chan Hwang, Vinicius Rosa, Mi-Kyung Yu, Kwang-Won Lee, Kyung-San Min
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the filling quality of a recently developed premixed calcium silicate-based endodontic sealer (Endoseal MTA) with a single gutta-percha (GP) cone technique compared with a resin-based sealer (AH plus) with warm vertical compaction. We also explored the effect of GP cone-mediated ultrasonic activation on the filling quality of Endoseal MTA. METHODS: Thirty human single-rooted maxillary premolars with ribbon-shaped canals were prepared and assigned to 3 experimental groups according to filling method: EMS group was Endoseal MTA + single-cone; EMSU group was Endoseal MTA + single-cone with ultrasonic activation; and the APW group was AH plus + warm vertical compaction...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090391/prevention-of-coronal-discoloration-induced-by-regenerative-endodontic-treatment-in-an-ex-vivo-model
#12
Noushin Shokouhinejad, Mehrfam Khoshkhounejad, Marzieh Alikhasi, Parisa Bagheri, Josette Camilleri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of sealing the pulp chamber walls with a dentin-bonding agent (DBA) on prevention of discoloration induced by regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) in an ex vivo model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-six bovine incisors were prepared and randomly divided into two groups. In one group, the pulp chamber walls were sealed with DBA before placement of triple antibiotic paste (TAP) containing minocycline inside the root canals, but in the other group, DBA was not applied...
October 31, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076680/practice-of-endodontic-re-treatment-in-four-cities-of-pakistan
#13
Sana Ehsen Nagi, Farhan Raza Khan, Munawar Rahman
BACKGROUND: Root canal re-treatment is the procedure of choice when the primary root treatment fails but patient is inclined toward salvage of the tooth. The re-treatment is often a challenging procedure owing to lack to the predictability in the outcomes. Since, there is a no single way of planning and executing such procedure, a study was planned to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding endodontic re-treatment among Pakistani dentists. The effect of clinical experience on the re-treatment planning was also determined...
July 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049315/analysis-of-the-interests-of-google-users-on-toothache-information
#14
Matheus Lotto, Patricia Estefania Ayala Aguirre, Daniela Rios, Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado, Agnes Fátima Pereira Cruvinel, Thiago Cruvinel
BACKGROUND: The knowledge on health interests of a given population of Internet users might contribute to the increase of evidence on community's dental needs, and consequently, to the improvement of public health planning. The frequency of searches for specific issues on Google can be analyzed by the application of Google Trends. AIM: In this study, we aimed to characterize the interests on toothache information of Google users from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia and Brazil...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033091/influence-of-artifact-reduction-tools-in%C3%A2-micro-computed-tomography-images-for%C3%A2-endodontic-research
#15
Polyane Mazucatto Queiroz, Karla Rovaris, Hugo Gaêta-Araujo, Stefani Marzola de Souza Bueno, Deborah Queiroz Freitas, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Francisco Haiter-Neto
INTRODUCTION: Micro-computed tomography (μCT) is an imaging modality of growing application in endodontic research because of its nondestructive technology that enables visualization at the micrometer level. In the presence of high-density material, images acquired with μCT may present artifacts. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate subjectively and objectively the influence of artifact reduction tools available for μCT image reconstruction to determine whether their use can influence endodontic research outcomes...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026699/comparison-of-the-clinical-biological-width-with-the-published-standard-histologic-mean-values
#16
Fatme Mouchref Hamasni, Fady El Hajj
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Biologic width (BW) as defined by Cohen is the part of the supracrestal gingival tissues that occupy the space between the base of the gingival crevice and the alveolar crest; it includes the junctional epithelium and the connective tissue element. Interactions between dental crowns and the marginal periodontal tissues analyzed in many review papers concluded that the recognition of the BW, in terms of crown margin placement, is beneficial for periodontal health. Therefore, knowledge of the dimensions of the sum of the junctional epithelium and connective tissue attachment as well as the sulcus depth (SD) is of clinical relevance...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976849/adhesive-durability-inside-the-root-canal-using-self-adhesive-resin-cements-for-luting-fiber-posts
#17
K Bitter, A Maletic, K Neumann, L Breschi, G Sterzenbach, M Taschner
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of various self-adhesive resin cements on the push-out bond strengths and nanoleakage expression at the luting interfaces of fiber posts immediately and after one year of aging. METHODS AND MATERIALS: One hundred forty-four extracted human anterior teeth were endodontically treated. After post space preparation, fiber posts were luted using five commercially available self-adhesive resin (SAR) cements and a core build-up material applied with a self-etch adhesive (BF: Bifix SE/Rebilda Post, VOCO; CSA: Clearfil SA Cement/Rely X Fiber Post, 3M ESPE; RX: RelyX Unicem 2/Rely X Fiber Post, 3M ESPE; SPC: Speed Cem/FRC Postec, Ivoclar Vivadent; SMC: Smart Cem/X Post, Dentsply; RB: Rebilda DC-Futurabond/Rebilda Post; n=22)...
November 2017: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969296/all-about-dowels-a-review-part-i-considerations-before-cementation
#18
Zishan Dangra, Mahesh Gandhewar
The optimal way of restoring a non vital tooth with dowel-core technique has long been a controversial matter. The purpose of this review was to assess the factors that may influence the successful restoration of root filled teeth with root canal dowels. The first part of the review discusses indications and physical parameters of dowel. Searches were performed in PubMed/Medline database using single or combined key words to obtain the most relevant list of references. Articles selected in the search process were obtained from the journals and reviewed with every aspect of dowel system for reconstruction of endodontically treated teeth...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969282/influence-of-post-angulation-between-coronal-and-radicular-segment-on-the-fracture-resistance-of-endodontically-treated-teeth
#19
Satheesh B Haralur, Anas Abdullah Lahig, Yahya Ahmed Al Hudiry, Abdullah Hassan Al-Shehri, Ahmed Abdullah Al-Malwi
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of coronal restoration in the Endodontically Treated Teeth (ETT) include rehabilitation of aesthetics, function and prevention of coronal leakage. The long axis of root and the coronal segment in the maxillary anterior teeth varies according to the occlusal scheme. The restorative dentist is required to fabricate the post angulation in compatibility to contour of the adjacent teeth. AIM: To evaluate the influence of the angle between the long axes of core facial surface and the radicular segment of the post on fracture resistance of ETT...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940453/the-haemostatic-efficacy-and-foreign-body-reaction-of-epinephrine-impregnated-polyurethane-foam-in-osseous-defects
#20
Mahmoud Torabinejad, Hyun J S Kang, Richard Maskiewicz, Anupama Grandhi
The objective of this study was to compare the haemostatic efficacy and foreign body reaction of epinephrine-impregnated cotton pellets with those of epinephrine-impregnated polyurethane (PU) foam cubes in osseous defects created in guinea pigs. Initially, these substances were randomly applied to the osseous defects in guinea pigs for 2 min and blood loss was measured. The animals were then sacrificed 7 weeks later and the degree of foreign body reaction was scored. The data were analysed by the independent-samples Kruskal-Wallis test...
September 21, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
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