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Dental injurents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#1
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284983/biological-rehabilitation-of-complex-oblique-crown-root-fracture-segment-reattachment
#2
Iswarya R Raju, C P Sreedev, Sebeena Mathew, N T Deepa, K Karthick, T Boopathi
Dental trauma can predominantly affect the maxillary anteriors. Trauma can occur to any age group due to accidents, assaults, or leisure activities. The goal of the treatment for traumatically injured teeth is to return the teeth to acceptable function and form. In this case presentation, the endodontic and esthetic treatment approach of crown fracture is presented.
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275849/management-of-intruded-immature-maxillary-central-incisor-with-pulp-necrosis-and-severe-external-resorption-by-regenerative-approach
#3
Giorgos N Tzanetakis
INTRODUCTION: Intrusive luxation is one of the most severe traumatic injuries of permanent teeth that may adversely affect the pulp and the periodontium. Pulp necrosis and root resorption are the main pathologic entities associated with this injury. The present report describes the endodontic management of an intruded immature maxillary central incisor presented with pulp necrosis and severe inflammatory root resorption by using the regenerative approach. METHODS: A 7-year-old boy with dental trauma to the anterior maxillary region was referred for the management of a traumatized maxillary central incisor...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275805/from-dental-to-mental-institutions-did-hypoxic-anesthetics-by-dental-associations-add-more-brain-injured-patients-to-america-s-insane-asylums
#4
Matthew L Edwards, George S Bause
Though most patients survived the hypoxic challenge, some patients likely suffered asphyxial brain damage from GQ Colton's nitrous-oxide techniques and were admitted to insane or lunatic asylums.
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274049/correction-to-expression-of-optineurin-isolated-from-rat-injured-dental-pulp-and-the-effects-on-inflammatory-signals-in-normal-rat-kidney-cells
#5
Kyoko Senoo, Keisuke Yamashiro, Tadashi Yamamoto, Fumio Myokai, Mari Kawamura, Shogo Takashiba
In the original publication of the article, one of the author name was published incorrectly as "Keisuke Yamashairo" and correct name should be "Keisuke Yamashiro".
December 22, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227296/lesch-nyhan-syndrome-and-its-variants-examining-the-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-phenotype
#6
James C Harris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome (LNS) is a metabolic disorder involving mutations in the HGPRT1 gene that result in hyperuricemia, intellectual disability, a dystonic movement disorder, and compulsive self-injury with self-mutilation. The aim of this review is to summarize recent research that documents the extended behavioral, neurologic, and neurocognitive phenotype in classic LNS, to describe milder variants of HGprt deficiency that do not self-injure and have less severe neurological and cognitive deficits, and to provide an update on treatment for associated psychiatric and behavioral disorders...
December 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215170/synthetic-light-curable-polymeric-materials-provide-a-supportive-niche-for-dental-pulp-stem-cells
#7
Kyle H Vining, Jacob C Scherba, Alaina M Bever, Morgan R Alexander, Adam D Celiz, David J Mooney
Dental disease annually affects billions of patients, and while regenerative dentistry aims to heal dental tissue after injury, existing polymeric restorative materials, or fillings, do not directly participate in the healing process in a bioinstructive manner. There is a need for restorative materials that can support native functions of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), which are capable of regenerating dentin. A polymer microarray formed from commercially available monomers to rapidly identify materials that support DPSC adhesion is used...
December 7, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190193/characterization-and-comparison-of-injuries-caused-by-spontaneous-versus-organized-dogfighting
#8
Nida P Intarapanich, Rachel M Touroo, Elizabeth A Rozanski, Robert W Reisman, Pichai P Intarapanich, Emily C McCobb
OBJECTIVE To characterize and compare injuries found in dogs involved in spontaneously occurring dogfights with those of dogs used in illegal organized dogfighting. DESIGN Retrospective case-control study. ANIMALS 36 medium-sized dogs evaluated following spontaneous fights with a dog of the same sex and similar weight (medium dog-medium dog [MDMD] fights), 160 small dogs examined following spontaneous fights with a larger dog (big dog-little dog [BDLD] fights), and 62 dogs evaluated after being seized in connection with dogfighting law enforcement raids...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969286/traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-and-their-impact-on-self-esteem-among-adolescents-in-india-a-comparative-study
#9
Nikita Goyal, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Diljot Kaur Makkar, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anshika Sharma, Puneet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents are mostly injured during sport activities, traffic accidents and some forms of violence which may lead to traumatic injuries. Traumatic injuries not only pose a health risk worldwide but are also regarded among serious social problems. Poor oral health has been related to poor social relationships that affect the ability to learn and grow which may lead to reduced self-esteem. AIM: This study was conducted to compare self-esteem of adolescents with and without anterior Traumatic Dental Injury (TDI)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965363/work-related-traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-characteristics-and-risk-factors
#10
Alessandro Ugolini, Giovanni Battista Parodi, Claudia Casali, Armando Silvestrini-Biavati, Flavio Giacinti
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prevalence of work-related oral trauma is underestimated because minor dental injuries are often not reported in patients with several injuries in different parts of the body. In addition, little data are available regarding their characteristics. The aim of this epidemiological study was to determine the prevalence, types, and characteristics of occupational traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in a large working community. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Work-related TDIs that occurred during the period between 2011 and 2013 in the District of Genoa (Northwest of Italy, 0...
October 1, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857447/perception-of-parents-and-self-reports-of-children-regarding-the-impact-of-traumatic-dental-injury-on-quality-of-life
#11
Érick Tássio Barbosa Neves, Matheus França Perazzo, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
BACKGROUND/AIM: Traumatic dental injuries occur frequently among young children. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of traumatic dental injuries on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in preschool children using the Scale of Oral Health Outcomes for 5-year-old children (SOHO-5). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved 769 five-year-old children enrolled at public and private preschools. Two examiners underwent a training process which involved the determination of interexaminer and intra-examiner agreement (Kappa statistic) for all clinical conditions (K > 0...
August 31, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838826/dental-injury-associated-with-anaesthesia-an-8-year-database-analysis-of-592-claims-from-a-major-french-insurance-company
#12
Antoine Giraudon, Guillaume de Saint Maurice, Matthieu Biais, Dan Benhamou, Karine Nouette-Gaulain
INTRODUCTION: Dental injury is the most common incident associated with anaesthesia. Regarding recent recommendations on informed consent and changes in airway management practices, a large series of claims related to dental injury has not been recently described. The aim of this study was to analyse a recent database in order to describe the characteristics of dental injury in France. METHODS: A database that prospectively collected claims reported to Le Sou Médical-MACSF between January 2003 and December 2010, was analysed...
August 22, 2017: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838774/the-role-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-the-prevention-and-management-of-radiation-induced-complications-of-the-head-and-neck-%C3%A2-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#13
P Ravi, D Vaishnavi, A Gnanam, V B Krishnakumar Raja
Radiation therapy for the treatment of head and neck cancer can injure normal tissues and have devastating side effects. Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) is known to reduce the severity of radiation-induced injury by promoting wound healing. While most of the research in literature has focused on its efficacy in osteonecrosis, HBO has other proven benefits as well. The aim of this review was to identify the various benefits of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in patients who have undergone radiation for head and neck cancer...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823073/effect-of-low-level-laser-therapy-%C3%AE-780%C3%A2-nm-on-the-mechanically-damaged-dentin-pulp-complex-in-a-model-of-extrusive-luxation-in-rat-incisors
#14
Dandara Andrade de Santana, Gabriela Ferraz Fonseca, Luciana Maria Pedreira Ramalho, Tânia Tavares Rodriguez, Marcio Cajazeira Aguiar
In order to regenerate the dental pulp, many strategies have been developed as phototherapy. In the pulp repair, we do not know if gallium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) laser preserves the primary odontoblasts or stimulates the formation of more dentin matrix when dental pulp is damaged. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of laser phototherapy (λ780 nm) on vascularization, inflammation, density of the primary odontoblast layer, and formation of reactionary and reparative dentin in the dental pulp by provoking extrusion of the rat incisor...
December 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806496/anterior-superior-alveolar-nerve-injury-after-extended-endoscopic-medial-maxillectomy-a-preclinical-study-to-predict-neurological-morbidity
#15
Alberto Schreiber, Davide Mattavelli, Marco Ferrari, Vittorio Rampinelli, Davide Lancini, Marco Ravanelli, Giacomo Bertazzoni, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Barbara Buffoli, Francesco Doglietto, Piero Nicolai
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic medial maxillectomies (EMMs) are used to optimize exposure of the maxillary sinus and retromaxillary areas. Although in type D EMM (Sturmann-Canfield procedure) the anterior superior alveolar nerve (ASAN) is always at risk of injury, only 29% of patients complained of alveolar process and dental anesthesia. The purpose of this anatomical study is to assess the neural anastomotic network of the ASAN (ASAN-NAN) and describe different extensions of type D EMMs in a preclinical setting...
October 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776281/expression-of-optineurin-isolated-from-rat-injured-dental-pulp-and-the-effects-on-inflammatory-signals-in-normal-rat-kidney-cells
#16
Kyoko Senoo, Keisuke Yamashairo, Tadashi Yamamoto, Fumio Myokai, Mari Kawamura, Shogo Takashiba
We previously isolated rat 14.7K-interacting protein-2 (rFIP-2) from the rat-wounded pulp. The protein, homologous to human FIP-2, is known as optineurin and was initially identified as a novel tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-inducible protein, and more recently, as an autophagy receptor. However, the biological role of optineurin in dental pulp remains elusive. We hypothesized that optineurin has a crucial role in regulating molecular processes during pulp inflammatory responses induced by TNF-α. We examined the kinetics of optineurin expression in pulp inflammation...
August 3, 2017: Odontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762346/prevalence-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-visually-impaired-children-attending-special-schools-of-chhattisgarh
#17
Harsha Munot, Alok Avinash, Nilotpol Kashyap, Rashmi Baranwal, Brij Kumar, Maylavarapu Krishna Sagar
BACKGROUND: Studies on dental trauma of the normal population have been carried out in the past; however, limited data are available on dental trauma of the handicapped population, especially visually impaired children in Chhattisgarh, India. AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in visually impaired children in relation to age, cause, and place of injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Epidemiological study was carried out among 400 children from various special schools of visually impaired children of Chhattisgarh followed by school dental checkup camps...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751918/cellular-responses-in-human-dental-pulp-stem-cells-treated-with-three-endodontic-materials
#18
Alejandro Victoria-Escandell, José Santiago Ibañez-Cabellos, Sergio Bañuls-Sánchez de Cutanda, Ester Berenguer-Pascual, Jesús Beltrán-García, Eva García-López, Federico V Pallardó, José Luis García-Giménez, Antonio Pallarés-Sabater, Ignacio Zarzosa-López, Manuel Monterde
Human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs) are of special relevance in future regenerative dental therapies. Characterizing cytotoxicity and genotoxicity produced by endodontic materials is required to evaluate the potential for regeneration of injured tissues in future strategies combining regenerative and root canal therapies. This study explores the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity mediated by oxidative stress of three endodontic materials that are widely used on HDPSCs: a mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA-Angelus white), an epoxy resin sealant (AH-Plus cement), and an MTA-based cement sealer (MTA-Fillapex)...
2017: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724864/anatomic-and-histological-study-of-lingual-nerve-and-its-clinical-implications
#19
Yoshiaki Shimoo, Masahito Yamamoto, Masashi Suzuki, Masato Yamauchi, Akihiro Kaketa, Masaaki Kasahara, Masamitsu Serikawa, Kei Kitamura, Satoru Matsunaga, Shinichi Abe
Although the risk of injuring the lingual nerve in the mandibular molar area during dental treatment is high, it can be repaired by nerve grafting. However, from the perspective of clinical dentistry, the pathway and histomorphometric characteristics of this nerve remain to be documented in detail. The purpose of the present study was to morphologically elucidate the pathway of the lingual nerve to clarify its significance in a clinical setting. A histomorphometric analysis was also performed in consideration of nerve grafting...
2017: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667754/mta-induced-notch-activation-enhances-the-proliferation-of-human-dental-pulp-cells-by-inhibiting-autophagic-flux
#20
W Qiu, B Sun, F He, Y Zhang
AIM: To determine the roles of autophagy and Notch signalling in mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA)-mediated proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs). METHODOLOGY: hDPCs were separated from human healthy molar teeth using collagenase I/dispase II digestion and then cultured in α-MEM medium with 15% foetal bovine serum. hDPCs were seeded in 96-well plates, and cell counting kit assays were carried out to test their viability. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to evaluate ALP, Runx2, Notch1, Hes1 and Hey1 mRNA levels...
July 1, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
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