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Foreign body ingestion in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601182/practical-imaging-evaluation-of-foreign-bodies-in-children-an-update
#1
REVIEW
Bernard F Laya, Ricardo Restrepo, Edward Y Lee
Foreign bodies (FBs) may be unintentionally ingested, inhaled, or inserted into a body cavity or tissue, or may be due to traumatic or iatrogenic injury. They are frequently detected in clinical practice and emergency rooms. Early detection and prompt management are mandatory to avoid severe and life-threatening complications. Imaging plays an important role in confirming the presence and characterization of the FB, and its relationship with any affected organs. This article reviews commonly encountered FBs with regard to incidence, risk factors, mechanisms of entry, clinical presentation, associated complications, and typical imaging appearance in children...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601031/delayed-diagnosis-of-esophageal-foreign-body-a-case-report
#2
Salem Yahyaoui, Imen Jahaouat, Ines Brini, Azza Sammoud
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body (FB) ingestion, a common and serious problem in children, can present with a wide variety of symptoms. This paper describes and discusses the case of an esophageal foreign body (EFB), in which the patient presented with primarily respiratory clinical signs causing delayed diagnosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A six month old boy presented with three months history of harsh cough, stridor and pulmonary congestion. He was repeatedly treated with steroids and antibiotics...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596925/foreign-body-moves-retrograde-through-ileocecal-valve-during-colonoscopy
#3
Maria Paparoupa, Markus Bruns-Toepler
Ingestion of foreign bodies and particularly of button or/and cylindrical batteries is frequent in children and adults with underlying psychiatric diseases. We present a case of a 30-year-old woman with unstable borderline disorder, where overall 4 button and 2 cylindrical batteries were endoscopically removed from her digestive system. During the last session of colonoscopy a peculiar incident was observed, as a cylindrical battery of 15 mm diameter and 43 mm length moved retrograde through ileocecal valve into the small bowel...
2017: Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516221/small-bowel-obstruction-due-to-ingestion-of-rubber-balls
#4
Alaa N Alsharief, Christopher Blackmore, Pierre Schmit
We report a case of a 10-month-old girl who presented with a 10-day history of emesis that became bilious on the last day. The initial evaluation suggested small bowel obstruction. An upper gastrointestinal study confirmed the normal location of the duodenojejunal junction with normal rotation and no evidence of midgut volvulus. Ultrasound (US) evaluation demonstrated two intraluminal lesions that do not follow the typical features of solid or cystic lesions. Two rubber balls were found at surgery to be responsible for the small bowel obstruction...
May 17, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513521/otorhinolaryngological-emergencies-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-port-harcourt
#5
U M Ibekwe
BACKGROUND: Emergencies are not uncommon in a typical otorhinolaryngological (ORL) clinic. The knowledge of the profile and prevalence of these emergencies will go a long way in helping to equip as well as aid proper and prompt management of these conditions so as to reduce their morbidity and mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A descriptive retrospective 8 years review of all patients that presented to the ENT Surgery Department from January 2004 to December 2012...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502435/caustic-ingestions-and-foreign-bodies-ingestions-in-pediatric-patients
#6
REVIEW
Jacob A Kurowski, Marsha Kay
Children inevitably swallow foreign material accidentally or intentionally. Each type of ingestion carries their own set of risks and complications, short and long term, some requiring immediate attention while others close monitoring. Alkalotic household cleaning products and lithium button batteries are increasingly common and damage the esophagus quickly. While many toys with rare-earth metals are banned, they are already present in many households and can cause necrosis of bowel that is between the magnets...
June 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469122/pediatric-otorhinolaryngology-emergencies-at-the-jos-university-teaching-hospital-study-of-frequency-management-and-outcomes
#7
Adeyi A Adoga, Emoche T Okwori, John P Yaro, Andrew A Iduh
BACKGROUND: Studies from Nigeria on pediatric otorhinolaryngology (ORL) emergencies are rare in literature with most focusing on emergencies involving individual systems. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of all ORL emergencies among children in our region to provide a baseline data for future health planning. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a 1-year retrospective cross-sectional study of patients aged 16 years and below presenting to the Accident and Emergency Department of the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2017: Annals of African Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453326/management-of-foreign-body-ingestions-in-children-button-batteries-and-magnets
#8
Ronan Kodituwakku, Sarah Palmer, Siba Prosad Paul
Foreign body ingestion and foreign body aspiration commonly affect young children between 6 months and 6 years. A large number of these events remain unwitnessed and asymptomatic while the swallowed foreign body traverses the gastrointestinal tract and is passed in the stool. Recent literature has shown an increase in morbidity associated with button battery and (neomydium) magnet ingestions in children, particularly over the last decade. Early identification and management in a time critical manner is required in cases where button batteries get lodged in the oesophagus or multiple magnets are swallowed...
April 27, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445284/appendiceal-foreign-body-in-an-infant
#9
Min Lee, Soon Chul Kim
RATIONALE FOR THIS CASE REPORT: Many children are hospitalized because of foreign body ingestion. In such circumstances, the gastroenterologist must consider the timing of ingestion; the size, type, and location of the object ingested; and the patient's symptoms. But appendiceal foreign body in infant is very rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 12-month-old boy visited because of swallowing small objects 2 weeks ago. Three small beads were found in the right lower quadrant on abdominal radiography...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365107/recurrent-and-acquired-tracheoesophageal-fistulae-tef-minimally-invasive-management
#10
Zafar Nazir, Muhammad Arif Mateen Khan, Javaria Qamar
OBJECTIVE: Recurrent and acquired fistulae are a serious complication of congenital esophageal atresia and tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF) repair and foreign body ingestion (FBI) (e.g., button battery). We report our experience with a minimally invasive approach to recurrent and acquired TEF. METHODS: Medical records of patients referred for management of recurrent and acquired TEF between 2003 and 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients underwent endoscopic procedures (de-epithelization of fistulous tract and fibrin tissue adhesive-Tisseel(R)) under general anesthesia...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318199/-foreign-body-in-the-esophagus-as-a-cause-of-respiratory-symptoms-in-children-clinical-cases
#11
Giselle Cuestas, Verónica Rodríguez, Flavia Doormann, Patricio Bellia Munzón, Gastón Bellia Munzón
Foreign bodies in esophagus are avoidable accidents that occur most often in children younger than 3 years. The most common presenting symptoms are dysphagia, drooling and vomiting. Occasionally a foreign body in the esophagus may present with respiratory symptoms such as cough, stridor and respiratory distress. This is more common in young children and when the object remains lodged in the esophagus for a prolonged period. Clinical suspicion is essential for early diagnosis, which allows to avoid potential complications...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251367/intestinal-perforation-secondary-to-ingested-foreign-bodies-a-single-center-experience-with-38-cases
#12
Xiao-Kun Lin, Da-Zhou Wu, Xiao-Fang Lin, Na Zheng
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to report our experience with patients with intestinal perforation secondary to ingested foreign bodies (FBs) who were treated surgically at our institution. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2015, a total of 38 pediatric patients with the diagnosis of intestinal perforation secondary to FBs were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The series comprised 22 males and 16 females. The average age of the patients was 1...
May 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164003/ingested-metallic-spool-a-rare-cause-of-acquired-tracheoesophageal-fistula
#13
Imran Hashim, Nabila Talat
Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common problem in children. Prolonged impaction of FB in esophagus may result in tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). A 6-year-old girl presented with progressive dysphagia and recurrent chest infections. No history of FB ingestion was given by parents. Further investigations revealed FB (spool) in cervical esophagus. Patient was successfully managed by surgery through trans-cervical approach.
January 2017: APSP Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149578/review-of-tracheobronchial-foreign-body-aspiration-in-the-south-african-paediatric-age-group
#14
REVIEW
Tamer Ali Sultan, Arjan Bastiaan van As
Children, and in particular young children under the age of three, are the most vulnerable for aspiration and ingestion of foreign bodies (FBs). The Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital in Cape Town is the only children's hospital in South Africa and is unique in having a dedicated trauma unit for children under the age of 13 as part of its institution. Core activities of Childsafe South Africa (CSA), located at the hospital, are data accumulation and interpretation, development of educational programmes, health inculcation and advising in legislation involving child health...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145196/recognition-and-management-of-foreign-body-ingestion-and-aspiration
#15
Oliver William McKinney, Paul Anthony Heaton, Jane Gamble, Siba Prosad Paul
Foreign body ingestion and foreign body aspiration commonly affect children. The most vulnerable age is between six months and four years, when children tend to explore new objects with their mouths. Many of these events remain asymptomatic, with the swallowed object passing through the gastrointestinal tract without causing harm. However, the frequency of serious complications as a result of the ingestion of hazardous objects has increased in recent years, in particular button batteries and magnets. To increase the likelihood of identifying foreign body ingestion and aspiration, healthcare professionals should maintain a high index of suspicion, be aware of the variation in presentations and include it as a differential diagnosis in children presenting with non-specific symptoms, such as fever, cough, drooling, dysphagia and abdominal pain...
February 1, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100992/multiple-magnetic-foreign-bodies-causing-severe-digestive-tract-injuries-in-a-child
#16
Xinmin Si, Baofeng Du, Lei Huang
Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common emergency as well as a major cause of accidental injury and represents a severe public health problem in childhood, especially in infants. Most cases of FB ingestion reported in children aged between 6 months and 3 years depend primarily on the fact that young children are more likely to explore objects using their mouth and are not able to distinguish edible objects from nonedible ones, their teeth are physiologically lacking, and they have poor swallowing coordination...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076010/foreign-bodies-on-lateral-neck-radiographs-in-adults-imaging-findings-and-common-pitfalls
#17
Alba Castán Senar, Laura E Dinu, José M Artigas, Raquel Larrosa, Ylenia Navarro, Elena Angulo
Foreign-body (FB) ingestion is less common in adults than in children, but still occurs. Diagnostic management of patients with suspected FB ingestion in emergency departments depends on FB type and location, both of which are related to the patient profile. In adults, fish and chicken bones are the most common FB types, and the oropharynx and cricopharyngeal muscle are the most common locations. Once accidentally swallowed, an FB may become lodged in the oropharynx, and in such cases indirect or fiberoptic laryngoscopy is the first clinical management option...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062878/-an-unusual-finding-of-two-coins-together-in-the-esophagus-of-pediatric-patients-report-of-two-cases
#18
Alexis Ormeño Julca
The ingestion of foreign bodies (EB) is a frequent complaint in the Pediatric Emergency Services. Studies report that in children occurs 80% of the EC, most frequently between 6 months and 3 years old and the second held because of urgent endoscopy in pediatrics. In 80-90% of cases the CE spontaneously passes through the upper gastrointestinal tract, however occasionally staying in the esophagus and should be removed to avoid dangerous complications such as obstruction or perforation of the upper digestive tract bleeding, ulcers, or fistulas...
October 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012507/the-utility-of-a-handheld-metal-detector-in-detection-and-localization-of-pediatric-metallic-foreign-body-ingestion
#19
Javan Nation, Wen Jiang
OBJECTIVE: To test the ability of a handheld metal detector (HHMD) to identify the presence and location of ingested metallic foreign bodies (MFBs) in children. METHODS: Prospective case series enrolling children suspected of metallic foreign body ingestion presenting to the Emergency Department. Thirty-eight children were enrolled and the HHMD was used to detect the presence and location of a MFB. Results were compared to standard radiographic studies. RESULTS: Thirty-seven of the 38 ingested foreign bodies were MFBs...
January 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008396/esophageal-foreign-body-a-case-report-of-a-refractory-croup-in-a-20-month-old-boy
#20
Sevil Nasirmohtaram, Nooshin Shabani
INTRODUCTION: Foreign body ingestion is common among children and more common in boys and in children under the age of 3. It can present with a wide variety of symptoms like dysphagia and drooling or symptoms related to the upper aerodigestive tract. CASE REPORT: A 20-month-old male presented with refractory croup and poor feeding since 2 weeks. Bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy was performed due to suspicious history of eating loquat. The core of the fruit was found in the esophagus...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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