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Celiac disease and igA

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916669/prevalence-and-morbidity-of-undiagnosed-celiac-disease-from-a-community-based-study
#1
Rok Seon Choung, Scott A Larson, Shahryar Khaleghi, Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Inna G Ovsyannikova, Katherine S King, Joseph J Larson, Brian D Lahr, Gregory A Poland, Michael J Camilleri, Joseph A Murray
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence and burden of undiagnosed celiac disease in individuals younger than 50 years old. We determined the prevalence and morbidity of undiagnosed celiac disease in individuals younger than 50 years in a community. METHODS: We tested sera from 31,255 residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota (younger than 50 years old) without a prior diagnosis of celiac disease assay using an assay for immunoglobulin A (IgA) against tissue transglutaminase (tTG); in subjects with positive test results, celiac disease was confirmed using an assay for endomysial IgA...
December 1, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908207/anti-sulfatide-reactivity-in-patients-with-celiac-disease
#2
Domenica Saccomanno, Carolina Tomba, Francesca Magri, Philippe Backelandt, Leda Roncoroni, Luisa Doneda, Maria Teresa Bardella, Giacomo Pietro Comi, Nereo Bresolin, Dario Conte, Luca Elli
OBJECTIVE: To explore a possible significance of the presence of anti-ganglioside and anti-sulfatide antibodies in sera of adult patients with celiac disease (CD) in different clinical scenario. METHODS: We selected 22 adult patients with newly diagnosed CD and 20 age-sex matched non-CD controls. Patients' serum was tested - before and after at least 6 months on a gluten-free diet (GFD) - for anti-GM1, GM2, GM3, GD1a, GD1b, GD3, GT1a, GT1b, GQ1b and sulfatide IgM, IgG and IgA auto-antibodies, by means of a dot blot technique and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852543/screening-of-patients-with-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-and-those-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-for-celiac-disease-in-southwestern-iran
#3
Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Shirin Farjadian, Elham Aflaki, Naser Honar, Soheila Alyasin, Maryam Babaei
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Celiac disease (CD) is a common enteropathy triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. It is frequently found in conjunction with other autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of CD in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in southwestern Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 53 children with JIA and 55 adults with RA were enrolled...
November 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847281/identification-of-pediatric-patients-with-celiac-disease-based-on-serology-and-a-classification-and-regression-tree-analysis
#4
Anna Ermarth, Matthew Bryce, Stephanie Woodward, Gregory Stoddard, Linda Book, M Kyle Jensen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Celiac disease is detected using serology and endoscopy analyses. We used multiple statistical analyses of a geographically isolated population in the United States to determine whether a single serum screening can identify individuals with celiac disease. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 3555 pediatric patients (18 years old or younger) in the intermountain West region of the United States from January 1, 2008 through September 30, 2013...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845544/clinical-spectrum-of-celiac-disease-in-children-in-sistan-and-baluchestan-province
#5
Touran Shahraki, Ivor D Hill
BACKGROUND: The clinical manifestations of celiac disease (CD) have changed in the past decades. There are currently little data describing the initial clinical manifestations of CD in children in Iran. This study describes the initial presentation of children with suspected CD from a geographically defined region in Iran. METHOD: Medical records of children seen in 2007 - 2015 from Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran, with suspected CD were reviewed. After obtaining TTG-IgA and IgA, subjects were divided into three groups according to presenting symptoms: GI, non-GI, and asymptomatic group...
November 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833723/the-frequency-distribution-of-celiac-autoantibodies-in-alopecia-areata
#6
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Tayebeh Panjehpour, Farahnaz Fatemi Naeini, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh, Marzieh Matin
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is a noncicatricial (nonscarring) alopecia. The association between AA and celiac disease (CD) is debatable. Several studies declare the relationship between AA and CD as measurement of celiac autoantibodies (anti-gliadin IgA and anti-gliadin IgG), but a few studies consider anti-tissue transglutaminase IgA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency distribution of celiac autoantibodies (all of them) in patients with AA compared with controls...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809801/increased-mortality-among-men-aged-50%C3%A2-years-old-or-above-with-elevated-iga-anti-transglutaminase-antibodies-nhanes-iii
#7
Alberto Rubio-Tapia, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Rok Seon Choung, Tricia L Brantner, S Vincent Rajkumar, Ola Landgren, Joseph A Murray
BACKGROUND: Immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies to tissue transglutaminase (tTG) are the serologic test of choice for diagnosing celiac disease (CD). Our aim was to determine if elevated IgA anti-tTG were associated with increased mortality risk. METHODS: Stored serum samples of National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III (1988-1992) were available for 6032 individuals aged 50 years old or above, which were screened for IgA anti-tTG, and if positive, for IgA endomysial antibodies...
November 3, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753658/immunohistochemical-expression-of-antitissue-transglutaminase-2-in-tissue-injuries-an-interpretation-beyond-celiac-disease
#8
Prasenjit Das, Ramakant Rawat, Anil K Verma, Geetika Singh, Archana G Vallonthaiel, Rajni Yadav, Gaurav P S Gahlot, Amit K Dinda, Vineet Ahuja, Siddhartha Datta Gupta, Sanjay K Agarwal, Govind K Makharia
Tissue transglutaminase 2 enzyme plays a diverse role in intracellular and extracellular functioning. Aberrant expression of anti-TG2 antibody has recently been proposed for extraintestinal identification of celiac disease (CeD), but its utility is questionable. To examine whether anti-TG2 immunohistochemical (IHC) staining can be of diagnostic value in identifying extraintestinal involvement in CeD, tissue blocks of patients with IgA nephropathies (IgAN), minimal change disease, membranous glomerulonephritis, membrano-proliferative glomerulonephritis, normal kidney, intestinal biopsies from CeD, tropical sprue, nonspecific duodenitis, and inflammatory bowel disease; liver biopsies from patients with chronic hepatitis B and C, acute liver failure (ALF), and CeD-associated liver diseases were retrieved and subjected to IHC staining for anti-tissue transglutaminase 2 enzyme...
October 7, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753436/screening-for-celiac-disease-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Andrew J Irvine, William D Chey, Alexander C Ford
OBJECTIVES: Celiac disease (CD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) share similar symptoms, leading to confusion between the two and diagnostic delay. International guidelines recommend screening individuals with IBS for CD, via serological testing. However, studies published recently have cast doubt on the utility of this. We updated a previous meta-analysis examining this issue. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and EMBASE Classic were searched through to May 2016. Eligible studies recruited adults with IBS according to symptom-based criteria, physician's opinion, or questionnaire data...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735799/celiac-disease-in-patients-with-williams-beuren-syndrome
#10
Ercan Mıhçı, Banu Güzel Nur, Sibel Berker-Karaüzüm, Aygen Yılmaz, Reha Artan
Celiac disease is an autoimmune, gastrointestinal disorder characterized by intolerance to the dietary grain protein gluten. An increased prevalence of celiac disease has been reported in Down syndrome and Turner syndrome, but there has been only few previous reports with respect to the association of celiac disease in Williams-Beuren syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of celiac disease in our 24 Williams-Beuren syndrome patients. Gastrointestinal problems and celiac disease symptoms of patients were noted...
November 2015: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714440/celiac-disease-is-associated-with-reduced-bone-mineral-density-and-increased-frax-scores-in-the-us-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#11
E Kamycheva, T Goto, C A Camargo
: We investigated the association between celiac disease (CD) and bone mass density (BMD) and risk of osteoporotic fractures in the general US population. In children and men ≥18 years, CD was associated with reduced BMD, and in men ≥40 years, CD was associated with increased risk of osteoporotic fractures. INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune condition, characterized by inflammation of the small intestine. CD has an increasing prevalence, and if unrecognized or untreated, CD can lead to complications from malabsorption and micronutrient deficiencies...
October 6, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706458/prevalence-of-genetic-susceptibility-for-celiac-disease-in-blood-donors-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#12
Janaína Guilhem Muniz, Vera Lucia Sdepanian, Ulysses Fagundes
Background: Celiac disease is a permanent intolerance induced by gluten, which is expressed by T-cell mediated enteropathy, and has a high prevalence in the general population. There is evidence of a strong genetic predisposition to celiac disease. Objective: To determine the prevalence of genetic markers HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 in blood donors from São Paulo and measure human recombinant tissue transglutaminase antibody IgA class in HLA-DQ2 and HLA-DQ8 positive donors...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663711/prevalence-of-celiac-disease-in-indian-children-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Anshu Srivastava, Saurabh Chaturvedi, Preeti Dabadghao, Amrita Mathias, Umesh Shukla, Uttam Singh, Surender Kumar Yachha
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients are at an increased risk of having celiac disease (CD). We evaluated the prevalence and clinical profile of CD in children and adolescents with T1D and reviewed the Indian literature to determine prevalence and reasons for variability. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, subjects with T1D were prospectively evaluated with a demographic and gastrointestinal (GI) questionnaire, human IgA-tissue transglutaminase (IgA-tTGA), and endoscopic duodenal biopsy in serology positive patients...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644734/fecal-gluten-peptides-reveal-limitations-of-serological-tests-and-food-questionnaires-for-monitoring-gluten-free-diet-in-celiac-disease-patients
#14
Isabel Comino, Fernando Fernández-Bañares, María Esteve, Luís Ortigosa, Gemma Castillejo, Blanca Fambuena, Carmen Ribes-Koninckx, Carlos Sierra, Alfonso Rodríguez-Herrera, José Carlos Salazar, Ángel Caunedo, J M Marugán-Miguelsanz, José Antonio Garrote, Santiago Vivas, Oreste Lo Iacono, Alejandro Nuñez, Luis Vaquero, Ana María Vegas, Laura Crespo, Luis Fernández-Salazar, Eduardo Arranz, Victoria Alejandra Jiménez-García, Marco Antonio Montes-Cano, Beatriz Espín, Ana Galera, Justo Valverde, Francisco José Girón, Miguel Bolonio, Antonio Millán, Francesc Martínez Cerezo, César Guajardo, José Ramón Alberto, Mercé Rosinach, Verónica Segura, Francisco León, Jorge Marinich, Alba Muñoz-Suano, Manuel Romero-Gómez, Ángel Cebolla, Carolina Sousa
OBJECTIVES: Treatment for celiac disease (CD) is a lifelong strict gluten-free diet (GFD). Patients should be followed-up with dietary interviews and serology as CD markers to ensure adherence to the diet. However, none of these methods offer an accurate measure of dietary compliance. Our aim was to evaluate the measurement of gluten immunogenic peptides (GIP) in stools as a marker of GFD adherence in CD patients and compare it with traditional methods of GFD monitoring. METHODS: We performed a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter study including 188 CD patients on GFD and 84 healthy controls...
October 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642442/-serological-tests-for-celiac-disease-in-moroccan-patients-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Asmaa Drissi Bourhanbour, Sanae Ouadghiri, Nadia Benseffaj, Malika Essakalli
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune disease frequently associated with type 1 diabetes (T1D). The prevalence of CD in patients with T1D varies from 3 to 6%. The clinical manifestation of CD in patients with T1D is classified as asymptomatic in about half of cases. Our study aims to determine the frequency of anti-tissue transglutaminase autoantibodies (IgA-tTG) and anti-gliadin antibodies (AGA) in patients with type 1 diabetes in order to early recommend jejunal biopsy and establish a gluten-free diet before the onset of clinical signs and complications of celiac disease...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27640315/the-industrial-food-additive-microbial-transglutaminase-mimics-tissue-transglutaminase-and-is-immunogenic-in-celiac-disease-patients
#16
T Matthias, P Jeremias, S Neidhöfer, A Lerner
Microbial transglutaminase (mTg) is capable of cross-linking numerous molecules. It is a family member of human tissue transglutaminase (tTg), and is involved in CD. Despite declarations of the safety of mTg for industrial use, direct evidence for immunogenicity of the enzyme is lacking. The serological activity of mTg, tTg, gliadin complexed mTg (mTg neo-epitope) and gliadin complexed tTg (tTg neo-epitope) were studied in 95 pediatric celiac patients (CD), 99 normal children (NC), 79 normal adults (NA) and 45 children with nonspecific abdominal pain (AP)...
September 15, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633269/celiac-disease-and-the-risk-of-kidney-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Karn Wijarnpreecha, Charat Thongprayoon, Panadeekarn Panjawatanan, Natanong Thamcharoen, Pavida Pachariyanon, Kiran Nakkala, Wisit Cheungpasitporn
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous epidemiologic studies attempting to demonstrate the risk of kidney diseases among patients with celiac disease (CD) have yielded inconsistent results. This meta-analysis was conducted with the aims to summarize all available evidence. METHODS: A literature search was performed using MEDLINE and EMBASE from inception to May 2016. Studies that provided relative risks, odd ratios, or hazard ratios examining the risk of kidney diseases among patients with CD versus individuals without CD were included...
August 24, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629850/celiac-disease-and-epilepsy-the-effect-of-gluten-free-diet-on-seizure-control
#18
Homayoon Bashiri, Darioush Afshari, Nosrat Babaei, Mohammad R Ghadami
BACKGROUND: Determining the true prevalence of celiac disease (CD) is difficult because of many atypical symptoms. Although CD primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract, patients may be asymptomatic or have extra intestinal symptoms. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the prevalence of CD in patients with epilepsy and the effect of a gluten-free diet on seizure control in these patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with epilepsy in Imam Reza and Farabi Hospitals, Kermanshah, Iran, were studied...
July 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561031/prevalence-of-celiac-disease-in-first-degree-relative-of-children-in-sistan-and-baluchestan-province-iran
#19
Touran Shahraki, Ivor D Hill
BACKGROUND: First-degree relatives of children with celiac are more at risk of acquiring the disease. AIMS: To determine the prevalence of elevated celiac antibodies and histological changes of celiac disease (CD) on intestinal biopsies, among first degree relatives (FDR) of Iranian children with known CD and to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of affected FDR. METHOD: FDR of 119 patients with CD at Iran were tested for TTG IgA and IgA level...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548641/lack-of-evidence-of-rotavirus-dependent-molecular-mimicry-as-a-trigger-of-coeliac-disease
#20
F Ziberna, G De Lorenzo, V Schiavon, F Arnoldi, S Quaglia, L De Leo, S Vatta, S Martelossi, O R Burrone, A Ventura, T Not
New data suggest the involvement of rotavirus (RV) in triggering autoimmunity in coeliac disease (CD) by molecular mimicry between the human-transglutaminase protein and the dodecapeptide (260-271 aa) of the RV protein VP7 (pVP7). To assess the role of RV in the onset of CD, we measured anti-pVP7 antibodies in the sera of children with CD and of control groups. We analysed serum samples of 118 biopsy-proven CD patients and 46 patients with potential CD; 32 children with other gastrointestinal diseases; 107 no-CD children and 107 blood donors...
December 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
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