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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227491/enhancing-improved-heuristic-drift-elimination-for-step-and-heading-based-pedestrian-dead-reckoning-systems
#1
Luis E Diez, Alfonso Bahillo, Safaa Bataineh, Antonio D Masegosa, Asier Perallos, Luis E Diez, Alfonso Bahillo, Safaa Bataineh, Antonio D Masegosa, Asier Perallos, Luis E Diez, Safaa Bataineh, Asier Perallos, Antonio D Masegosa, Alfonso Bahillo
Location based services can improve the quality of patient care and increase the efficiency of the healthcare systems. Among the different technologies that provide indoor positioning, inertial sensors based pedestrian dead-reckoning (PDR) is one of the more cost-effective solutions, but its performance is limited by drift problems. Regarding the heading drift, some heuristics make use of the building's dominant directions in order to reduce this problem. In this paper, we enhance the method known as improved heuristic drift elimination (iHDE) to be implemented in a Step-and-Heading (SHS) based PDR system, that allows to place the inertial sensors in almost any location of the user's body...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225053/genetically-predicted-milk-consumption-and-bone-health-ischemic-heart-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-a-mendelian-randomization-study
#2
Q Yang, S L Lin, S L Au Yeung, M K Kwok, L Xu, G M Leung, C M Schooling
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Milk provides protein and micronutrients, and is recommended by some dietary guidelines, particularly for bone health. Meta-analysis of small randomized controlled trials suggests that milk may increase bone mineral density, but they are very heterogeneous. No randomized controlled trial has assessed the effects of milk on major chronic diseases. Previous Mendelian randomization studies of milk did not consider bone health, found no effects on ischemic heart disease (IHD) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) but higher body mass index...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222730/trends-of-relative-and-absolute-socioeconomic-equity-in-access-to-coronary-revascularisations-in-1995-2010-in-finland-a-register-study
#3
Sonja Lumme, Kristiina Manderbacka, Ilmo Keskimäki
BACKGROUND: Resources for coronary revascularisations have increased substantially since the early 1990s in Finland. At the same time, ischaemic heart disease (IHD) mortality has decreased markedly. This study aims to examine how these changes have influenced trends in absolute and relative differences between socioeconomic groups in revascularisations and age group differences in them using IHD mortality as a proxy for need. METHODS: Hospital Discharge Register data on revascularisations among Finns aged 45-84 in 1995-2010 were individually linked to population registers to obtain socio-demographic data...
February 20, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213739/does-influence-at-work-modify-the-relation-between-high-occupational-physical-activity-and-risk-of-heart-disease-in-women
#4
Karen Allesøe, Andreas Holtermann, Reiner Rugulies, Mette Aadahl, Eleanor Boyle, Karen Søgaard
PURPOSE: To investigate whether influence at work modifies the association between demanding and strenuous occupational physical activity (OPA) and risk of ischaemic heart disease (IHD). METHODS: A sample of 12,093 nurses aged 45-64 years from the Danish Nurse Cohort Study was followed for 20.6 years by individual linkage to incident IHD in the Danish National Patient Registry. Information on OPA, influence at work, other occupational factors and known risk factors for IHD was collected by self-report in 1993...
February 17, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208878/a-study-of-medication-compliance-in-geriatric-patients-with-chronic-illnesses-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#5
R Shruthi, R Jyothi, H P Pundarikaksha, G N Nagesh, T J Tushar
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric population is more prone for various chronic and recurrent illnesses like diabetes mellitus, hypertension, IHD, arthritic, neurodegenerative, gastrointestinal, ocular, genitourinary, respiratory disorders etc., which may require chronic medication with multiple drugs. Poor compliance in this age group accounts for medication wastage with increased cost of healthcare and substantial worsening of the disease with disability or death. Most of the human and economic costs associated with non adherence can be avoided by improving medication adherence...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208759/acute-effects-of-particulate-air-pollution-on-ischemic-heart-disease-hospitalizations-in-shanghai-china
#6
Anyang Xu, Zhe Mu, Bo Jiang, Wei Wang, Han Yu, Lijuan Zhang, Jue Li
Background: Air pollution has been demonstrated to be a major risk factor for the development of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases worldwide. This study examines the relationship between the exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) and patient hospitalizations as a result of ischemic heart disease (IHD) during 2013-2014 in Shanghai, China. Methods: Daily IHD hospitalization data were acquired from the Shanghai Health Insurance Bureau (SHIB) from 1 January 2013 to 21 December 2014. Daily average concentrations of air pollution as well as meteorological data were obtained from the database of Shanghai Environmental Monitoring Center (SEMC) during the same time period, and all data were analyzed using standard epidemiological methodology...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207868/acetylcholine-versus-cold-pressor-testing-for-evaluation-of-coronary-endothelial-function
#7
Ahmed AlBadri, Janet Wei, Puja K Mehta, Sofy Landes, John W Petersen, R David Anderson, Bruce Samuels, Babak Azarbal, Eileen M Handberg, Quanlin Li, Margo Minissian, Chrisandra Shufelt, Carl J Pepine, C Noel Bairey Merz
BACKGROUND: Assessment of coronary endothelial function with intracoronary acetylcholine (IC-Ach) provides diagnostic and prognostic data in patients with suspected coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD), but is often not feasible due in part to the time and expertise needed for pharmacologic mixing. Cold pressor testing (CPT) is a simple and safe stimulus useful for either invasive or non-invasive endothelial function testing and myocardial perfusion imaging but has not been specifically evaluated among symptomatic women with signs of ischemic heart disease (IHD) who have no obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197270/interesting-correlation-between-the-circulating-pentraxin-3-and-cardiac-rehabilitation-program-outcomes-in-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-patients
#8
Habib Haybar, Babak Payami, Isa Khaheshi, Yasaman Ghotbi, Seyed Mahmoud Latifi, Ahmadreza Assareh
BACKGROUND: Pentraxin 3 (PTX3) is an inflammatory mediator, reaches to the high levels after ischemic heart diseases (IHD) and could be a helpful tool to predict cardiac rehabilitation (CR) outcomes. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of the circulating levels of PTX3 in prediction of CR outcomes in patients with IHD who had undergone coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: One hundred patients who had undergone CABG were included in this study...
April 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191635/the-role-of-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-cardiac-biology-classic-concepts-and-emerging-roles
#9
Alexios S Antonopoulos, Charalambos Antoniades
Classic concepts about the role of epicardial adipose tissue (EpAT) in heart physiology include its role in cardiac metabolism, the mechanical protection of coronaries, the innervation and possibly cryoprotection of the heart too. Nevertheless, recent evidence has revealed that epicardial adipose tissue regulates multiple aspects of cardiac biology including myocardial redox state, intracellular Ca(2+) cycling, the electrophysiological (EP) and contractile properties of cardiomyocytes, cardiac fibrosis as well as coronary atherosclerosis progression...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189024/intersectionality-and-risk-for-ischemic-heart-disease-in-sweden-categorical-and-anti-categorical-approaches
#10
Maria Wemrell, Shai Mulinari, Juan Merlo
Intersectionality theory can contribute to epidemiology and public health by furthering understanding of power dynamics driving production of health disparities, and increasing knowledge about heterogeneities within, and overlap between, social categories. Drawing on McCall, we relate the first of these potential contributions to categorical intersectionality and the second to anti-categorical intersectionality. Both approaches are used in study of risk of ischemic heart disease (IHD), based on register data on 3...
January 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187122/overt-and-covert-anxiety-as-a-toxic-factor-in-ischemic-heart-disease-in-women-the-link-between-psychological-factors-and-heart-disease
#11
Alicja Nasiłowska-Barud, Tomasz Zapolski, Małgorzata Barud, Andrzej Wysokiński
BACKGROUND Long-term clinical observations have shown that anxiety disorders influence the etiopathogenesis of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in women. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of the structure of overt and covert anxiety, and to examine the impact of the severity of anxiety on five personality traits as described Costa and McCrae. MATERIAL AND METHODS The study involved 50 women aged 37 to 74 years, who were treated because of IHD that was confirmed by angiographic examination of the coronary vessels...
February 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181211/post-infarct-treatment-with-pyr1-apelin-13-exerts-anti-remodeling-and-anti-apoptotic-effects-in-rats-heart
#12
Yaser Azizi, Alireza Imani, Hamed Fanaei, Safoura Khamse, Mohammad Reza Parvizi, Mahdieh Faghihi
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease (IHD) is the main cause of mortality in the world. After myocardial infarction (MI) cardiomyocytes apoptosis and ventricular remodeling have been occurred. Apelin is a peptide that has been shown to exert cardioprotective effects. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate anti-apoptotic and anti-remodeling effects of [Pyr¹]apelin-13 in the rat model of post-MI. METHODS: 36 Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups: (1) sham (2) MI and (3) MI treated with [Pyr¹]apelin-13 (MI+Apel)...
February 9, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170314/heart-disease-mortality-in-the-life-span-study-1950-2008
#13
Ikuno Takahashi, Yukiko Shimizu, Eric J Grant, John Cologne, Kotaro Ozasa, Kazunori Kodama
Based on the findings from the Radiation Effects Research Foundation's studies of the cohort of Japanese atomic bomb survivors, it has been reported that total-body irradiation at 0.5-1.0 Gy could be responsible for increased rates of mortality from broad-based categories of cardiovascular disease (CVD), i.e., stroke and heart disease. However, CVD consists of various subtypes that have potentially different radiation dose responses, as well as subtype-specific risks that have not been fully evaluated. Potential problems with changes in the coding rules for the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the underlying causes and trends in CVD mortality in Japan also need to be considered...
February 7, 2017: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169071/health-burden-attributable-to-ambient-pm2-5-in-china
#14
Congbo Song, Jianjun He, Lin Wu, Taosheng Jin, Xi Chen, Ruipeng Li, Peipei Ren, Li Zhang, Hongjun Mao
In China, over 1.3 billion people have high health risks associated with exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) that exceeds the World Health Organization (WHO) Air Quality Guidelines (AQG). The PM2.5 mass concentrations from 1382 national air quality monitoring stations in 367 cities, between January 2014 and December 2016, were analyzed to estimate the health burden attributable to ambient PM2.5 across China. The integrated exposure-response model was applied to estimate the relative risks of disease-specific mortality...
February 3, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169059/the-diagnostic-sensitivity-of-circulating-cardio-enriched-micrornas-is-increased-after-normalization-of-high-density-lipoprotein-levels
#15
Thrishila Parshu Ram, Ingrid Fomison-Nurse, Sophie Gandhi, Sean Coffey, Pankaj Saxena, Ivor Galvin, Richard Bunton, Michael J A Williams, Regis R Lamberts, Rajesh Katare
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that microRNAs (miRs) could be a potential biomarker to identify early molecular alterations in the heart. HDL are the major carriers for miRs into the circulation. This study tested whether changes in the level of HDL could affect the diagnostic sensitivity of miRs. METHODS AND RESULTS: Peripheral blood samples were collected from 20 diabetic and 22 age and gender matched non-diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery for ischemic heart disease (IHD)...
January 26, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165383/a-comparison-of-spatio-temporal-disease-mapping-approaches-including-an-application-to-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-new-south-wales-australia
#16
Craig Anderson, Louise M Ryan
The field of spatio-temporal modelling has witnessed a recent surge as a result of developments in computational power and increased data collection. These developments allow analysts to model the evolution of health outcomes in both space and time simultaneously. This paper models the trends in ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in New South Wales, Australia over an eight-year period between 2006 and 2013. A number of spatio-temporal models are considered, and we propose a novel method for determining the goodness-of-fit for these models by outlining a spatio-temporal extension of the Moran's I statistic...
February 3, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148249/what-is-the-association-of-hypothyroidism-with-risks-of-cardiovascular-events-and-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-55-cohort-studies-involving-1-898-314-participants
#17
Yu Ning, Yun J Cheng, Li J Liu, Jaskanwal D S Sara, Zhi Y Cao, Wei P Zheng, Tian S Zhang, Hui J Han, Zhen Y Yang, Yi Zhang, Fei L Wang, Rui Y Pan, Jie L Huang, Ling L Wu, Ming Zhang, Yong X Wei
BACKGROUND: Whether hypothyroidism is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events is still disputed. We aimed to assess the association between hypothyroidism and risks of cardiovascular events and mortality. METHODS: We searched PubMed and Embase from inception to 29 February 2016. Cohort studies were included with no restriction of hypothyroid states. Priori main outcomes were ischemic heart disease (IHD), cardiac mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause mortality...
February 2, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107887/associations-between-positive-emotional-well-being-and-stress-induced-myocardial-ischemia-well-being-scores-predict-exercise-induced-ischemia
#18
Jacob P Feigal, Stephen H Boyle, Zainab Samad, Eric J Velazquez, Jennifer L Wilson, Richard C Becker, Redford B Williams, Cynthia M Kuhn, Thomas L Ortel, Joseph G Rogers, Christopher M O'Connor, Wei Jiang
OBJECTIVE: Depressive symptoms have been associated with myocardial ischemia induced by mental (MSIMI) and exercise (ESIMI) stress in clinically stable ischemic heart disease (IHD) patients, but the association between positive emotions and inducible ischemia is less well characterized. The objective of this study was to examine the associations between ratings of well-being and stress-induced ischemia. METHODS: Subjects were adult patients with documented IHD underwent mental and exercise stress testing for the Responses of Myocardial Ischemia to Escitalopram Treatment (REMIT) trial...
February 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105639/persistent-variation-in-medicare-payment-authorization-for-home-hemodialysis-treatments
#19
Adam S Wilk, Richard A Hirth, Wei Zhang, John R C Wheeler, Marc N Turenne, Tammie A Nahra, Kathryn K Sleeman, Joseph M Messana
OBJECTIVE: To analyze variation in medical care use attributable to Medicare's decentralized claims adjudication process as exemplified in home hemodialysis (HHD) therapy. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data analysis using 2009-2012 paid Medicare claims for HHD and in-center hemodialysis (IHD). STUDY DESIGN: We compared variation across Medicare administrative contractors (MACs) in predicted paid treatments per standardized patient-month for HHD and IHD patients...
January 19, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099940/characteristics-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-usage-in-ischemic-heart-disease-patients-among-type-2-diabetes-and-their-protection-against-hydrogen-peroxide-mediated-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#20
Fuu-Jen Tsai, Tsung-Jung Ho, Chi-Fung Cheng, Yi-Tzone Shiao, Wen-Kuei Chien, Jin-Hua Chen, Xiang Liu, Hsinyi Tsang, Ting-Hsu Lin, Chiu-Chu Liao, Shao-Mei Huang, Ju-Pi Li, Cheng-Wen Lin, Jaung-Geng Lin, Yu-Ching Lan, Yu-Huei Liu, Chien-Hui Hung, Jung-Chun Lin, Chih-Chien Lin, Chih-Ho Lai, Wen-Miin Liang, Ying-Ju Lin
Evidence for long-term use of Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) as an adjuvant treatment in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) remains limited. This study aimed to assess the frequency of use, utilization patterns, and therapeutic effects of adjuvant CHM for ischemic heart disease (IHD) in patients with T2D in Taiwan. We identified 4620 IHD patients with T2D. After matching for age, gender, and insulin use, 988 subjects each were allocated to a CHM group and a non-CHM group. There were no differences in baseline characteristics except for comorbidities...
January 14, 2017: Oncotarget
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