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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445425/association-of-long-term-near-highway-exposure-to-ultrafine-particles-with-cardiovascular-diseases-diabetes-and-hypertension
#1
Yu Li, Kevin J Lane, Laura Corlin, Allison P Patton, John L Durant, Mohan Thanikachalam, Mark Woodin, Molin Wang, Doug Brugge
Ultrafine particle (UFP) concentrations are elevated near busy roadways, however, their effects on prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and hypertension are not well understood. To investigate these associations, data on demographics, diseases, medication use, and time of activities were collected by in-home surveys for 704 participants in three pairs of near-highway and urban background neighborhoods in and near Boston (MA, USA). Body mass index (BMI) was measured for a subset of 435 participants...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442715/work-disability-before-and-after-a-major-cardiovascular-event-a-ten-year-study-using-nationwide-medical-and-insurance-registers
#2
Marianna Virtanen, Jenni Ervasti, Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Tea Lallukka, Linnea Kjeldgård, Emilie Friberg, Mika Kivimäki, Erik Lundström, Kristina Alexanderson
We examined the trajectories of work disability before and after IHD and stroke events. New IHD (n = 13521) and stroke (n = 7162) cases in 2006-2008 were retrieved from nationwide Swedish hospital records and their annual work disability days five years before and after the date of diagnosis were retrieved from a nationwide disability register. There was no pre-event differences in disability days between the IHD and stroke cases and five years prior to the event, they were close to those observed in the general population...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434530/accelerated-cellular-senescence-as-underlying-mechanism-for-functionally-impaired-bone-marrow-derived-progenitor-cells-in-ischemic-heart-disease
#3
Evelien Nollet, Vicky Y Hoymans, Inez R Rodrigus, Dina De Bock, Marc Dom, Viviane O M Van Hoof, Christiaan J Vrints, Emeline M Van Craenenbroeck
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitor cells are functionally impaired in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD), thereby hampering the outcome of autologous stem cell therapy. In search for underlying mechanisms for this BM dysfunction, accelerated cellular senescence was explored. METHODS: We analysed telomere length of BM-derived mononuclear cells (MNC) by MMqPCR in patients with coronary artery disease (n = 12), ischemic heart failure (HF; n = 9), non-ischemic HF (n = 7) and controls (n = 10), and related it to their myeloid differentiation capacity...
May 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430901/synergistic-effect-between-ischaemic-heart-disease-and-common-mental-disorders-and-the-risk-of-premature-exit-from-the-labour-market-a-nationwide-register-based-study-from-sweden
#4
Ellenor Mittendorfer-Rutz, Torbjörn Ivert, Marjan Vaez, Thomas Ernst Dorner
Aims: Common mental disorders i.e. depressive and anxiety disorders (CMD) are frequent comorbid conditions in individuals with ischaemic heart disease (IHD). Still, their effect on preterm exit from the labour market [i.e. disability pension (DP)] in individuals with IHD has to date not been scrutinized. The aim of this study was to investigate the separate and joint effect of IHD and CMD on the risk of DP for women and men of working age. Material and methods: This population-based cohort study included all non-pensioned 4 823 069 individuals, registered as living in Sweden 31 December 2004 and then 16-64 years of age...
April 18, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427490/is-the-mortality-trend-of-ischemic-heart-disease-by-the-gbd2013-study-in-china-real
#5
Xia Wan, Gong Huan Yang
To determine the reason for the different mortality trends of ischemic heart disease (IHD) for China between Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2010 and GBD2013, and to improve garbage code (GC) redistribution. All data were obtained from the disease surveillance points system, and two proportions for assigning chronic pulmonary heart disease (PHD) as GC to IHD were from GBD2010 and GBD2013, which were different for years before 2004. By using the GBD2013 approach, the age-standard mortality rate (ASMR) increased by 100...
March 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424967/disparities-of-selected-metal-levels-in-the-blood-and-scalp-hair-of-ischemia-heart-disease-patients-and-healthy-subjects
#6
Asim Ilyas, Munir H Shah
Imbalances in the concentrations of trace metals have become an increasingly recognized source of infirmity worldwide particularly in the development of ischemia heart disease (IHD). Present study is intended to analyze the concentrations of Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Na, Pb, Sr, and Zn in the blood and scalp hair of the patients and counterpart controls by flame atomic absorption spectrometry after wet-acid digestion. On the average, Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, K, Li, Mn, Na, and Pb revealed significantly elevated concentrations in the blood of the patients compared with the controls (p < 0...
April 20, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417620/effects-of-submaximal-aerobic-exercise-on-regulatory-t-cell-markers-of-male-patients-suffering-from-ischemic-heart-disease
#7
Fariba Raygan, Mansour Sayyah, Seyed Mohammad Reza Janesar Qamsari, Hassan Nikoueinejad, Mojtaba Sehat
There are confirmed beneficiary effects of exercise on atherosclerotic inflammation of ischemia-associated heart diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic exercise on T-regulatory cell markers of IL-35 as well as FoxP3 and T-helper2 marker of IL-33 in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD). This research was performed on 44 asymptomatic male patients with ischemic heart disease. The participants were randomly assigned into two groups of submaximal aerobic exercise and control group...
February 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417034/knowledge-regarding-secondary-prevention-lifestyle-practices-among-patients-with-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-oman-pilot-study
#8
Tamim R Al-Tamimi, Hafidh A Ba-Omar, Sunil Nadar
OBJECTIVES: Secondary prevention of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is very important. This study aimed to assess knowledge of necessary lifestyle changes among Omani patients diagnosed with IHD. METHODS: This cross-sectional pilot study took place between October 2015 and February 2016 at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman. A total of 30 random patients with IHD from the Cardiology Outpatient Clinic of SQUH were included. A 30-item survey was used to determine patients' knowledge of necessary lifestyle practices following their IHD diagnosis, with scores of <70% indicating poor knowledge...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409655/9-1-1-triage-of-non-traumatic-chest-pain-association-with-hospital-diagnosis
#9
Greg Scott, Jeff J Clawson, Isabel Gardett, Meghan Broadbent, Nathan Williams, Conrad Fivaz, Gigi Marshall, Tracey Barron, Christopher Olola
OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is one of the most common reasons people seek emergency care-and one of the most critical. In the United States, chest pain is the second most common reason for emergency department (ED) visits. A patient's primary complaint of "chest pain" may reflect a broad range of underlying causes; therefore, it is important that emergency medical service (EMS) agencies gain a thorough understanding of these cases, beginning with the initial management of chest pain in the 9-1-1 center...
April 14, 2017: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402484/location-of-disease-on-imaging-may-predict-radiation-exposure-during-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#10
Moon Hyung Choi, Seung Eun Jung, Seung Bae Yoon, In Seok Lee, Jae Young Byun
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is performed for various diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the difference of dose-area product (DAP) during the ERCP procedures according to location of the lesion. We performed a retrospective study of consecutive 217 therapeutic ERCP examinations performed between November 2014 and April 2015 at a tertiary care center. ERCP procedures divided into two groups according to location of the lesion identified on imaging: lesions in the common hepatic duct (CHD) or the common bile duct (CBD) and lesions in the hepatic hilum or the intrahepatic duct (IHD)...
April 11, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393109/getting-a-child-through-secondary-school-and-to-college-in-india-the-role-of-household-social-capital
#11
Tyler W Myroniuk, Reeve Vanneman, Sonalde Desai
In the classic formulations of social capital theory, families employ their social capital resources to enhance other capitals, in particular their human capital investments. Social capital would seem to be especially important in the case of India where, in recent years, higher education has been under considerable stress with rising educational demand, inadequate supply, and little parental experience to guide their children's transition through the education system. We use the 2005 and 2012 waves of the nationally representative India Human Development Survey (IHDS) to show how relatively high status connections advantage some families' chances of their children reaching educational milestones such as secondary school completion and college entry...
2017: Sociology of Development (Oakland, Calif.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392865/cardio-ankle-vascular-index-and-c-reactive-protein-are-useful-parameters-for-identification-of-ischemic-heart-disease-in-acute-heart-failure-patients
#12
Shunsuke Kiuchi, Shinji Hisatake, Takayuki Kabuki, Takashi Oka, Shintaro Dobashi, Takahiro Fujii, Takanori Ikeda
BACKGROUND: The most common cause of heart failure (HF) is ischemic heart disease (IHD). Evaluation of IHD with non-invasive examinations is useful for the treatment of HF, and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a good parameter for detecting systemic arteriosclerosis. However, the relationship between IHD and CAVI in acute HF (AHF) patients is still unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effect of non-invasive examinations, including CAVI to detect IHD. METHODS: We studied 53 consecutive patients (average age of 66...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388752/-acute-kidney-injury-potentials-to%C3%A2-improve-aki-related-health-care-structure
#13
REVIEW
Christian Nusshag, Konrad Obermann, Markus Weigand, Vedat Schwenger
Since 2005 the AKI numbers nearly increased threefold. The prevailing health care structure for AKI-management in Germany possesses major potential for improvement. Despite a clear advantage regarding mortality and renal recovery, the cost-intensive CRRT is the predominant procedure in AKI-therapy. Conversion of 85 % of the CRRT-procedures to a dialysis procedure (IHD/SLED) enables annual savings in AKI-therapy by 7.3 million Euros. A reinvestment can finance a strengthened collaboration with licensed nephrologists to improve therapy quality and availability of RRT-units in local hospitals...
April 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383437/tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-polymorphisms-and-susceptibility-to-ischemic-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Peng Zhang, Xiaomei Wu, Guangxiao Li, Qiao He, Huixu Dai, Cong Ai, Jingpu Shi
BACKGROUND: A number of studies had reported the association between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) gene polymorphisms and ischemic heart disease (IHD) risk. However, the results remained controversial. Therefore, we performed a systematic review with multiple meta-analyses to provide the more precise estimations of the relationship. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases (PubMed, the Web of Science, EMBASE, Medline, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang and ChongQing VIP Database) for relevant studies published up to February 2017...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367733/prevalence-and-correlates-of-probable-hiv-associated-dementia-in-hiv-outpatients-in-ho-chi-minh-city-vietnam
#15
Thanh Truc Thai, Mairwen K Jones, Lynne M Harris, Robert C Heard
This study identified prevalence and correlates of HIV-associated dementia (HAD) among people living with HIV (PLWHA) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Four hundred PLWHA completed a self-report questionnaire and were interviewed by a trained researcher to assess HAD using the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS). Clinical information concerning HIV treatment was also extracted from medical records. The results indicate the prevalence of probable HAD based on IHDS score <10.5 was 39.8% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 35...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361378/evaluation-of-corneal-topographic-changes-and-surgically-induced-astigmatism-after-transconjunctival-27-gauge-microincision-vitrectomy-surgery
#16
Kemal Tekin, Kenan Sonmez, Merve Inanc, Kubra Ozdemir, Yasin Sakir Goker, Pelin Yilmazbas
PURPOSE: To evaluate the corneal topographic changes and postvitrectomy astigmatism after 27-gauge (g) microincision vitrectomy surgery (MIVS) by using Pentacam HR-Scheimpflug imaging system. METHODS: This prospective descriptive study included 30 eyes of 30 patients who underwent 27-g MIVS. All eyes underwent a Pentacam HR examination preoperatively and on the first week, first month and third month postoperatively. The power of the corneal astigmatism, mean keratometry (K m), K 1 and K 2 values and corneal asphericity (Q value) values for the both front and back surfaces of the cornea, index of surface variance (ISV), index of vertical asymmetry (IVA), index of height asymmetry (IHA), index of height decentration (IHD) and higher-order aberrations including coma, trefoil, spherical aberration, higher-order root-mean-square and total RMS were recorded...
March 30, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345679/impact-of-climate-conditions-on-hospital-admissions-for-subcategories-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#17
Sanja Bijelović, Nataša Dragić, Milorad Bijelović, Mila Kovačević, Marija Jevtić, Olivera Ninkovic Mrđenovački
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study has been to examine the association between climate conditions (CC) and hospital admissions for the subcategories of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), according to patients' age. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From January 2010 through December 2011, the daily number of hospital admissions for angina pectoris (AP), essential hypertension (EH), acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ischemic heart diseases (IHD) for adults (19-64 years old) and the elderly (≥ 65 years old), as well as for the CC (N = 728 days) was collected for multivariate Poisson regression analysis, confounding with season and weekends...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340014/association-between-right-ventricular-lead-position-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#18
Mads Brix Kronborg, Jens Brock Johansen, Sam Riahi, Helen Hoegh Petersen, Jens Haarbo, Ole Dan Jørgensen, Jens Cosedis Nielsen
Aims: To evaluate the association between an apical vs. non-apical right ventricular lead position (RV-LP) and clinical outcome in a large nationwide cohort of patients treated with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Methods and results: We included consecutive Danish patients receiving a CRT device from 2008 to 2012, identified from the Danish Pacemaker and ICD Register. Endpoints were mortality, mortality or hospitalization for heart failure (HF), and clinical response (improvement ≥1 New York Heart Association class at follow-up)...
March 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339843/availability-and-cost-of-extracorporeal-treatments-for-poisonings-and-other-emergency-indications-a-worldwide-survey
#19
Josée Bouchard, Valery Lavergne, Darren M Roberts, Monique Cormier, Genevieve Morissette, Marc Ghannoum
Background: Extracorporeal treatments (ECTRs) are used for different conditions, including replacement of organ function and poisoning. Current recommendations for ECTRs in various poisonings suggest that intermittent haemodialysis (IHD) is the most efficient technique. However, the practicality of these recommendations is poorly defined in view of limited information on availability and cost worldwide. Methods: A survey invitation to an Internet-based questionnaire was emailed between January 2014 and March 2015 to members of international societies to determine the availability, time to initiation and cost of ECTRs (including filters, dialysate, catheter, anticoagulant and nursing/physician salary)...
April 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338806/influenza-associated-hospitalizations-for-cardiovascular-diseases-in-the-tropics
#20
Li Wei Ang, Jonathan Yap, Vernon Lee, Wei Qiang Chng, Fazlur Rehman Jaufeerally, Carolyn Su Ping Lam, Jeffery Cutter, Khung Keong Yeo, Stefan Ma
Influenza is a major cause of mortality and morbidity. We aimed to examine the influenza-associated hospitalization rates and proportions for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in tropical Singapore. Hospital admissions for ischemic heart disease (IHD), congestive heart failure (CHF), and overall CVD were obtained from the national inpatient database for the period of 2010-2014. We used, as the key indicator of influenza virus activity, the overall proportion of specimens from outpatients with influenza-like illness in the community that tested positive for influenza as part of the national influenza surveillance program...
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
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