keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Radius fracture

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931338/functional-outcomes-of-distal-radius-fractures-with-and-without-ulnar-styloid-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#1
Marjolein A M Mulders, Lili J Fuhri Snethlage, Robert-Jan O de Muinck Keizer, J Carel Goslings, Niels W L Schep
The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the functional outcomes of patients with a distal radius fracture with and without a concomitant fracture of the ulnar styloid process. A systematic literature search was performed to identify all studies comparing patients with a distal radius fracture with and without an ulnar styloid process fracture. The initial search revealed 511 articles, of which 12 articles with a total of 2243 patients were included; 1196 patients with and 1047 patients without an ulnar styloid process fracture...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929525/diabetes-and-deficits-in-cortical-bone-density-microarchitecture-and-bone-size-framingham-hr-pqct-study
#2
Elizabeth J Samelson, Serkalem Demissie, L Adrienne Cupples, Xiaochun Zhang, Hanfei Xu, Ching-Ti Liu, Steven K Boyd, Robert R McLean, Kerry E Broe, Douglas P Kiel, Mary L Bouxsein
Older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D) tend to have normal or greater areal bone mineral density (aBMD), as measured by DXA, than those who do not have diabetes (non-T2D). Yet risk of fracture is higher in T2D, including 40% to 50% increased hip fracture risk. We used HR-pQCT to investigate structural mechanisms underlying skeletal fragility in T2D. We compared cortical and trabecular bone microarchitecture, density, bone area, and strength in T2D and non-T2D. In secondary analyses we evaluated whether associations between T2D and bone measures differed according to prior fracture, sex, and obesity...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928049/role-for-cementoplasty-in-intra-articular-distal-radius-fractures-cadaver-study-and-application-to-arthroscopy
#3
V Fontaine, M Grunberg, J Soret, K El-Youssef, L E Gayet, R Taberne
BACKGROUND: Die-punch intra-articular fractures of the distal radius raise surgical challenges. The residual articular step-off must be less than 1mm to prevent the development of radio-carpal osteoarthritis. The objectives of this cadaver study were to evaluate whether cementoplasty was effective in reducing die-punch fractures and to determine whether this technique was feasible as an arthroscopic procedure. HYPOTHESIS: Cementoplasty performed as an arthroscopic procedure is effective in treating die-punch fractures...
September 16, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926125/the-prevalence-of-vertebral-fractures-is-associated-with-reduced-hip-bone-density-and-inferior-peripheral-appendicular-volumetric-bone-density-and-structure-in-older-women
#4
Lisa Johansson, Daniel Sundh, Michael Zoulakis, Robert Rudäng, Anna Darelid, Helena Brisby, Anna G Nilsson, Dan Mellström, Mattias Lorentzon
Vertebral fractures (VF) are among the most severe and prevalent osteoporotic fractures. Their association with bone microstructure have been investigated in several retrospective case-control studies with spine radiography for diagnosis of VF. The aim of this population-based cross-sectional study of 1027 women aged 75-80 years, was to investigate if prevalent VF, identified by vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), was associated with appendicular volumetric bone density, structure and bone material strength index (BMSi), independently of hip areal bone mineral density (aBMD)...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923035/comparison-of-volar-flexion-ulnar-deviation-and-functional-position-cast-immobilization-in-the-non-operative-treatment-of-distal-radius-fracture-in-elderly-patients-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial-study-protocol
#5
Lauri Raittio, Antti Launonen, Teemu Hevonkorpi, Toni Luokkala, Juha Kukkonen, Aleksi Reito, Bakir Sumrein, Minna Laitinen, Ville M Mattila
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures (DRFs) are the second most common fractures, after hip fractures, seen in clinical practice. The high incidence of low-energy trauma DRFs in elderly patients raises questions about the best treatment method in terms of function, pain, and quality of life. Although the majority of these fractures are treated non-operatively with cast immobilization, valid scientific evidence of the optimal cast immobilization is lacking. In addition, several publications, including Cochrane review have outlined the need for more evidence to determine the most appropriate method of cast immobilization...
September 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920036/hematoma-block-versus-general-anesthesia-in-distal-radius-fractures-in-patients-over-60-years-in-trauma-emergency
#6
Ali Tabrizi, Fardin Mirza Tolouei, Ebrahim Hassani, Hassan Taleb, Asghar Elmi
BACKGROUND: Distal radius fractures are among common fractures in the elderly. Regarding the age, background diseases, and possible risks, analgesia method is of great importance in this group. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare two analgesia methods including hematoma block and general anesthesia in people over 60 years in the orthopedic emergency department. METHODS: 68 elderly patients referring to the emergency department of a medical teaching center were selected based on the inclusion criteria for a non-randomized clinical trial...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917548/volar-capsular-release-after-distal-radius%C3%A2-fractures
#7
Robin N Kamal, David S Ruch
PURPOSE: Loss of full wrist range of motion is common after treatment of distal radius fractures. Loss of wrist extension limiting functional activities, although uncommon, can occur after volar plating of distal radius fractures. Unlike other joints in which capsular release is a common form of treatment for stiffness, this has been approached with caution in the wrist owing to concerns for carpal instability. We tested the null hypothesis that hardware removal and open volar capsular release would not lead to improved upper extremity-specific patient-reported outcome (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand [DASH] questionnaire)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913616/bone-phenotype-assessed-by-hrpqct-and-associations-with-fracture-risk-in-the-glow-study
#8
A E Litwic, L D Westbury, D E Robinson, K A Ward, C Cooper, E M Dennison
The epidemiology and pathogenesis of fractures in postmenopausal women has previously been investigated in the Global Longitudinal study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW). To date, however, relationships between bone imaging outcomes and fracture have not been studied in this cohort. We examined relationships between high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HRpQCT) parameters and fracture in the UK arm of GLOW, performing a cluster analysis to assess if our findings were similar to observations reported from older participants of the Hertfordshire Cohort Study (HCS), and extended the analysis to include tibial measurements...
September 14, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913382/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-patient-rated-wris-t-evaluation
#9
Golnaz Ghayyem Hassankhani, Ali Moradi, Ehsan Vahedi, Sayyed Hadi Sayyed Hoseinian, Zohreh Jahani, Maedeh Rahmani, Mohammad H Ebrahimzadeh
BACKGROUND: The patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE) score is one of the most common clinical instruments used as an outcome measurement tool for distal radius fractures and other upper extremity conditions. The purpose of this study was to translate the PRWE into its Persian version and to evaluate its validity and reliability in patients with upper extremity conditions. METHODS: One hundred and fourthly one adult patients with upper extremity conditions participated in this ethical board approved study from August 2015 to May 2016...
July 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912754/the-gambian-bone-and-muscle-ageing-study-baseline-data-from-a-prospective-observational-african-sub-saharan-study
#10
Ayse Zengin, Anthony J Fulford, Yankuba Sawo, Landing M Jarjou, Inez Schoenmakers, Gail Goldberg, Ann Prentice, Kate A Ward
The Gambian Bone and Muscle Ageing Study is a prospective observational study investigating bone and muscle ageing in men and women from a poor, subsistence farming community of The Gambia, West Africa. Musculoskeletal diseases, including osteoporosis and sarcopenia, form a major part of the current global non-communicable disease burden. By 2050, the vast majority of the world's ageing population will live in low- and middle-income countries with an estimated two-fold rise in osteoporotic fracture. The study design was to characterise change in bone and muscle outcomes and to identify possible preventative strategies for fracture and sarcopenia in the increasing ageing population...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906304/comparison-of-expert-opinion-majority-rule-and-a-clinical-prediction-rule-to-estimate-distal-radius-malalignment
#11
Toni Luokkala, Tapio Flinkkilä, Juha Paloneva, Teemu V Karjalaine
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ability of individual surgeons (expert opinion [EO]) to predict distal radius fracture healing above a threshold malalignment compared with the majority prediction of the group of surgeons ("majority rule," [MR]) and a statistically derived clinical prediction formula (Edinburgh wrist calculator [EWC]). DESIGN: Comparative diagnostic study from prospectively collected data of consecutive patients. SETTING: Two academic level 1 and one academic level 2 trauma centers...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902088/obesity-increases-risk-of-loss-of-reduction-after-casting-for-diaphyseal-fractures-of-the-radius-and-ulna-in-children-an-observational-cohort-study
#12
Christopher J DeFrancesco, Benjamin H Rogers, Apurva S Shah
OBJECTIVES: To determine if high body mass index (BMI) increases the risk of loss of reduction (LOR) following closed reduction and casting for displaced concomitant fractures of the radial and ulnar shafts in pediatric patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study SETTING:: A single tertiary care, urban children's hospital PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Pediatric patients aged 2-18 years with closed, displaced, concomitant diaphyseal fractures of the radius and ulna (AO/OTA 22-A3) who underwent closed reduction and casting at the study site...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900872/the-use-of-bone-mineral-density-measured-by-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-dxa-and-peripheral-quantitative-computed-microtomography-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
REVIEW
Martin Jannot, Fabrice Mac-Way, Vanessa Lapierre, Marie-Helene Lafage-Proust
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for fractures. The current evaluation of fracture risk is based upon the combination of various clinical factors and quantitative imaging of bone. X-ray-based tools were developed to evaluate bone status and predict fracture risk. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is available worldwide. Longitudinal studies showed that low areal Bone Mineral Density (BMD) measured by DXA predicts fractures in the CKD population as it does in non uremic populations, with good specificity and moderate sensitivity...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899588/costs-associated-with-single-use-and-conventional-sets-for-distal-radius-plating
#14
Bryce Fugarino, Mary Patricia Fox, Cristina Terhoeve, Nicholas Pappas
PURPOSE: Volar plating of distal radius fractures is an increasingly common procedure. Presterilized, single-use volar plate fixation sets have been purported to increase operating room efficiency and decrease cost. The purpose of this study was to compare the actual cost of using a conventional set compared with the projected cost of using its single-use counterpart. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 30 consecutive cases of volar plate fixation in which conventional instrument sets were used...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893496/the-short-term-effects-of-hot-packs-vs-therapeutic-whirlpool-on-active-wrist-range-of-motion-for-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Mike Szekeres, Joy C MacDermid, Ruby Grewal, Trevor Birmingham
STUDY DESIGN: Blinded randomized controlled trial. INTRODUCTION: It is generally accepted that heat is beneficial for improving range of motion (ROM). However, the mechanism of action is not clearly understood, and the optimal method of heat application has not been established. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To investigate the immediate effects of using a moist hot pack (MHP) vs therapeutic whirlpool bath (WB) for improving wrist ROM during a therapy session for patients with distal radius fracture...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891765/factors-determining-outcome-of-corrective-osteotomy-for-malunited-paediatric-forearm-fractures-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
K C Roth, M M J Walenkamp, R C I van Geenen, M Reijman, J A N Verhaar, J W Colaris
The aim of this study was to identify predictors of a superior functional outcome after corrective osteotomy for paediatric malunited radius and both-bone forearm fractures. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data, searching databases up to 1 October 2016. Our primary outcome was the gain in pronosupination seen after corrective osteotomy. Individual participant data of 11 cohort studies were included, concerning 71 participants with a median age of 11 years at trauma...
October 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888935/viscoplastic-crack-initiation-and-propagation-in-crosslinked-uhmwpe-from-clinically-relevant-notches-up-to-0-5mm-radius
#17
P Abhiram Sirimamilla, Clare M Rimnac, Jevan Furmanski
Highly crosslinked UHMWPE is now the material of choice for hard-on-soft bearing couples in total joint replacements. However, the fracture resistance of the polymer remains a design concern for increased longevity of the components in vivo. Fracture research utilizing the traditional linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM) or elastic plastic fracture mechanics (EPFM) approach has not yielded a definite failure criterion for UHMWPE. Therefore, an advanced viscous fracture model has been applied to various notched compact tension specimen geometries to estimate the fracture resistance of the polymer...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885132/no-long-term-risk-of-wrist-osteoarthritis-due-to-subchondral-haematomas-in-distal-radial-fractures
#18
Ante Mrkonjic, Mats Geijer, Tommy Lindau, Magnus Tägil
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study of distal radius fractures was to determine if a subchondral haematoma in an unfractured compartment predicts secondary osteoarthritis. METHODS: In 1995-1997, 41 patients, 22 women, a median age of 41 years (20-57 years) with a displaced distal radius fracture underwent diagnostic wrist arthroscopy in addition to the fracture treatment. In 12 patients (7/12 women), subchondral haematomas were identified in a joint compartment not involved in the fracture...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884881/effects-of-a-randomized-weight-loss-intervention-trial-in-obese-adolescents-on-tibia-and-radius-bone-geometry-and-volumetric-density
#19
Jennifer C Kelley, Nicolas Stettler-Davis, Mary B Leonard, Douglas Hill, Brian H Wrotniak, Justine Shults, Virginia A Stallings, Robert Berkowitz, Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Elizabeth Prout-Parks, Sarah B Klieger, Babette S Zemel
Obese adolescents have increased fracture risk, but effects of alterations in adiposity on bone accrual and strength in obese adolescents are not understood. We evaluated 12-month changes in trabecular and cortical volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) and cortical geometry in obese adolescents undergoing a randomized weight management program, and investigated the effect of body composition changes on bone outcomes. Peripheral quantitative CT of the radius and tibia, and whole body DXA scans were obtained at baseline, six and 12 months in 91 obese adolescents randomized to standard care versus behavioral intervention for weight loss...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882374/does-concomitant-ulnar-styloid-fracture-and-distal-radius-fracture-portend-poorer-outcomes-a-meta-analysis-of-comparative-studies
#20
Chaoqun Yuan, Hanyu Zhang, Hongjun Liu, Jiaxiang Gu
PURPOSE: An ulnar styloid fracture often occur in association with a distal radial fracture. Whether an ulnar styloid fracture interfere with the results of a distal radial fracture still remains controversial. The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of an accompanying ulnar styloid fracture on clinical outcomes in patients with distal radial fractures. METHODS: A meta-analysis of published studies comparing outcomes of distal radial fractures with an ulnar styloid fracture versus isolated distal radial fractures was performed...
August 31, 2017: Injury
keyword
keyword
22859
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"