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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089501/effectiveness-of-conventional-disease-modifying-antirheumatic-drugs-in-psoriatic-arthritis-a-systematic-review
#1
Jesús Maese, Petra Díaz Del Campo, Daniel Seoane-Mato, Mercedes Guerra, Juan D Cañete
BACKGROUND: Due to the clinical heterogeneity of psoriatic arthritis (PsA), recommendations have been developed by international groups to guide therapeutic decisions of the rheumatologist. The objective of the current systematic review (RS) was to evaluate the evidence of efficacy of disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in PsA. METHODS: Literature search in Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, from 2008 to 2014. We included RS, randomized clinical trials and observational studies, in patients with PsA and an evaluation of efficiency of conventional DMARDs (methotrexate, sulfasalazine, leflunomide), according to the following outcomes: peripheral and axial symptoms; peripheral radiological damage; enthesitis according to power Doppler ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (enthesitis count before and after therapy); dactylitis; uveitis...
January 12, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089429/diagnosis-and-quantification-of-fibrosis-steatosis-and-hepatic-siderosis-through-multiparametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
M Stoopen-Rometti, E R Encinas-Escobar, C R Ramirez-Carmona, E Wolpert-Barraza, E Kimura-Hayama, L A Sosa-Lozano, R Favila, Y Kimura-Fujikami, J A Saavedra-Abril, A Loaeza-Del Castillo
BACKGROUND: The presence of liver fibrosis is the common denominator in numerous chronic liver diseases that can progress to fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Most important, with respect to frequency, are viral hepatitis and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, the prevalence of which is increasing in epidemic proportions. Liver biopsy, albeit imperfect, continues to be the criterion standard, but in many clinical situations tends to be replaced with noninvasive imaging methods. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present article was to describe our imaging department experience with magnetic resonance elastography and to analyze and discuss recently published results in gastroenterology, hepatology, and radiology from other authors in the literature, complemented with a PubMed search covering the last 10 years...
January 12, 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087956/intralesional-injection-of-ok-432-in-cystic-hygroma
#3
M Hazim, S S Moses, I P Tan
BACKGROUND: Lymphangiomas are congenital malformations of the lymphatic system with characteristic dilated endothelium-lined spaces. It is vulnerability to infection or chemical irritants cause spontaneous reduction in size and in some cases complete resolution. Intralesional injection of OK-432 or Picibanil (lyophilized incubation mixture of Group A Streptococcus pyogenes of human origin) is slowly gaining recognition as its safety and efficacy standards have shown to avoid complications resulting from surgical interventions...
December 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069193/safety-of-ultrasound-guided-high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-ablation-for-diffuse-adenomyosis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Yujie Feng, Liang Hu, Wenzhi Chen, Rong Zhang, Xi Wang, Jinyun Chen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the safety of ultrasound-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) ablation for patients with diffuse adenomyosis. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study. The data was collected from 417 symptomatic adenomyosis patients who underwent ultrasound-guided HIFU between January 2012 and December 2015 at 1st Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China. Among them were 260 patients with diffuse adenomyosis (Group D) and 157 patients with focal adenomyosis (Group F)...
May 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048364/we-fg-207a-01-introduction-to-dedicated-breast-ct-early-studies
#5
S Vedantham
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047717/we-fg-207a-02-why-we-need-breast-ct-clinical-perspective
#6
A O'Connell
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047520/we-fg-207a-05-dedicated-breast-ct-as-a-diagnostic-imaging-tool-physics-and-clinical-feasibility
#7
A Karellas
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047068/we-fg-207a-03-low-dose-cone-beam-breast-ct-physics-and-technology-development
#8
J Boone
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046408/we-fg-207a-04-performance-characteristics-of-photon-counting-breast-ct
#9
W Kalender
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046291/we-fg-207a-00-advances-in-dedicated-breast-ct
#10
Srinivasan Vedantham, Sabee Molloi
: Mammography-based screening has been a valuable imaging tool for the early detection of non-palpable lesions and has contributed to significant reduction in breast cancer associated mortality. However, the breast imaging community recognizes that mammography is not ideal, and in particular is inferior for women with dense breasts. Also, the 2-D projection of a 3-D organ results in tissue superposition contributing to false-positives. The sensitivity of mammography is breast-density dependent...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041657/navigational-guidance-and-ablation-planning-tools-for-interventional-radiology
#11
REVIEW
Yadiel Sánchez, Arash Anvari, Anthony E Samir, Ronald S Arellano, Anand M Prabhakar, Raul N Uppot
Image-guided biopsy and ablation relies on successful identification and targeting of lesions. Currently, image-guided procedures are routinely performed under ultrasound, fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, or computed tomography (CT) guidance. However, these modalities have their limitations including inadequate visibility of the lesion, lesion or organ or patient motion, compatibility of instruments in an magnetic resonance imaging field, and, for CT and fluoroscopy cases, radiation exposure. Recent advances in technology have resulted in the development of a new generation of navigational guidance tools that can aid in targeting lesions for biopsy or ablations...
November 10, 2016: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028577/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-carpal-tunnel-release-study-upon-clinical-efficacy-and-safety
#12
David Petrover, Jonathan Silvera, Thierry De Baere, Marie Vigan, Antoine Hakimé
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and 6 months clinical result of sectioning of the transverse carpal ligament (TCL) and median nerve decompression after ultra-minimally invasive, ultrasound-guided percutaneous carpal tunnel release (PCTR) surgery. METHODS: Consecutive patients with carpal tunnel syndrome were enrolled in this descriptive, open-label study. The procedure was performed in the interventional radiology room. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed at baseline and 1 month...
December 27, 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027766/radiological-assessment-of-the-breast-following-enhancement-with-macrolane-managing-the-challenges
#13
REVIEW
Gianfranco Scaperrotta, Keshtra Satchithananda, Magnus Tengvar, Karin Post, Adrian K Lim, Pietro Panizza, Ewa Wesolowska, Christopher J Inglefield
Macrolane VRF(®), a biodegradable, stabilized hyaluronic acid gel, was used for breast enhancement 2008-2012. Similar to permanent implants, the presence of Macrolane gel may interfere with interpretation of mammography. This short communication aims to provide a guide to the appearance of Macrolane on radiology examination (including mammography, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging) and aid selection of the most appropriate imaging modality to facilitate breast examination in women who have undergone Macrolane breast enhancement...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027013/overuse-of-diagnostic-imaging-for-work-related-injuries
#14
Brianna Rebecca Clendenin, Helen Acree Conlon, Candace Burns
Overuse of health care in the United States is a growing concern. This article addresses the use of diagnostic imaging for work-related injuries. Diagnostic imaging drives substantial cost for increases in workers' compensation. Despite guidelines published by the American College of Radiology and the American College of Occupational Medicine and the Official Disability Guidelines, practitioners are prematurely ordering imaging sooner than recommended. Workers are exposed to unnecessary radiation and are incurring increasing costs without evidence of better outcomes...
December 1, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001090/recent-technological-advances-in-pediatric-brain-tumor-surgery
#15
Bassel Zebian, Francesco Vergani, José Pedro Lavrador, Soumya Mukherjee, William John Kitchen, Vita Stagno, Christos Chamilos, Benedetta Pettorini, Conor Mallucci
X-rays and ventriculograms were the first imaging modalities used to localize intracranial lesions including brain tumors as far back as the 1880s. Subsequent advances in preoperative radiological localization included computed tomography (CT; 1971) and MRI (1977). Since then, other imaging modalities have been developed for clinical application although none as pivotal as CT and MRI. Intraoperative technological advances include the microscope, which has allowed precise surgery under magnification and improved lighting, and the endoscope, which has improved the treatment of hydrocephalus and allowed biopsy and complete resection of intraventricular, pituitary and pineal region tumors through a minimally invasive approach...
December 21, 2016: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994782/non-caseating-granulomatous-infective-spondylitis-melioidotic-spondylitis
#16
Justin Arockiaraj, Rajiv Karthik, Veena Jeyaraj, Rohit Amritanand, Venkatesh Krishnan, Kenny Samuel David, Gabriel David Sundararaj
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical analysis. PURPOSE: To delineate the clinical presentation of melioidosis in the spine and to create awareness among healthcare professionals, particularly spine surgeons, regarding the diagnosis and treatment of melioidotic spondylitis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Melioidosis is an emerging disease, particularly in developing countries, associated with a high mortality rate. Its causative pathogen, Burkholderia pseudomallei, has been labeled as a bio-terrorism agent...
December 2016: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988221/differential-diagnosis-of-breast-category-3-and-4-nodules-through-bi-rads-classification-in-conjunction-with-shear-wave-elastography
#17
Min Wang, Zhi Yang, Can Liu, Junhong Yan, Wenxiao Zhang, Jian Sun, Guanghe Cui
Ultrasound (US) has become one of the important imaging methods for differentiating benign from malignant breast lesions. In 2013, the American College of Radiology published the fifth edition of the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). BI-RADS is a guide with recommendations for the standardization of breast imaging (US, mammography and magnetic resonance imaging) reports and for the auditing of centers employing such methods. Its objective is to standardize the nomenclature used in the reports...
December 14, 2016: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986264/imaging-of-palatal-lumps
#18
REVIEW
C von Stempel, S Morley, T Beale, S Otero
Palatal tumours are relatively rare and of variable aetiology, rendering radiological evaluation a daunting process for many. A systematic approach to the imaging of a palatal lump is therefore essential. The hard and soft palates are oral cavity and oropharyngeal structures, respectively. They have different tissue compositions, and therefore, lesions occur with different frequencies at each site. The hard palate has the highest concentration of minor salivary glands in the upper aerodigestive tract and most tumours here are salivary in origin, whereas most tumours at the soft palate are epithelial in origin, i...
February 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986170/imaging-of-hepatic-focal-nodular-hyperplasia-pictorial-review-and-diagnostic-strategy
#19
Marco Dioguardi Burgio, Maxime Ronot, Giuseppe Salvaggio, Valérie Vilgrain, Giuseppe Brancatelli
Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is the second most common benign solid liver lesion after hemangioma, occurring more frequently in young women. The prime differential diagnoses include hepatocellular adenoma, hepatocellular carcinoma, and hypervascular metastasis. As the management of FNH is typically conservative, imaging plays a key role in diagnostic pathway, and misdiagnosis may have a major clinical effect. In this article, we describe the ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging features of FNH, underlining the importance of typical radiological features that allow a specific noninvasive diagnosis...
December 2016: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964905/acr-appropriateness-criteria-permanent-source-brachytherapy-for-prostate-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Brian J Davis, Al V Taira, Paul L Nguyen, Dean G Assimos, Anthony V D'Amico, Alexander R Gottschalk, Gary S Gustafson, Sameer R Keole, Stanley L Liauw, Shane Lloyd, Patrick W McLaughlin, Benjamin Movsas, Bradley R Prestidge, Timothy N Showalter, Neha Vapiwala
PURPOSE: To provide updated American College of Radiology (ACR) appropriateness criteria for transrectal ultrasound-guided transperineal interstitial permanent source brachytherapy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The ACR appropriateness criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel...
December 7, 2016: Brachytherapy
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