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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640707/response-assessment-in-neuro-oncology-clinical-trials
#1
Patrick Y Wen, Susan M Chang, Martin J Van den Bent, Michael A Vogelbaum, David R Macdonald, Eudocia Q Lee
Development of novel therapies for CNS tumors requires reliable assessment of response and progression. This requirement has been particularly challenging in neuro-oncology for which contrast enhancement serves as an imperfect surrogate for tumor volume and is influenced by agents that affect vascular permeability, such as antiangiogenic therapies. In addition, most tumors have a nonenhancing component that can be difficult to accurately quantify. To improve the response assessment in neuro-oncology and to standardize the criteria that are used for different CNS tumors, the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group was established...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621573/update-on-the-diagnostic-value-and-safety-of-stereotactic-biopsy-for-pediatric-brainstem-tumors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-735-cases
#2
Christina Hamisch, Philipp Kickingereder, Matthias Fischer, Thorsten Simon, Maximilian I Ruge
OBJECTIVE Recent studies have shed light on the molecular makeup of diffuse intrinsic pontine gliomas and led to the identification of potential treatment targets for these lesions, which account for the majority of pediatric brainstem tumors (pedBSTs). Therefore, stereotactic biopsy-driven molecular characterization of pedBSTs may become an important prerequisite for the management of these fatal brain tumors. The authors conducted a systemic review and meta-analysis to precisely determine the safety and diagnostic success of stereotactic biopsy of pedBSTs...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619857/pediatric-ptsd-in-the-dsm-5-and-the-forensic-interview-of-traumatized-youth
#3
Frank K Tedeschi, Stephen B Billick
Since the Third Edition, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has increasingly incorporated developmentally informed criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) because of recognition that children and adolescents can manifest PTSD differently from adults. The most recent edition, DSM-5, among other changes, has introduced a developmental subtype for children six years of age or younger. As pediatric PTSD features very prominently in both civil and criminal proceedings, it is vital that the expert witness be familiar with the updated criteria and know how to interview traumatized youth appropriately in the forensic setting...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604548/pediatric-lower-extremity-lawn-mower-injuries-and-reconstruction-retrospective-10-year-review-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#4
Leslie G Branch, John C Crantford, James T Thompson, Shruti C Tannan
INTRODUCTION: From 2004 to 2013, there were 9341 lawn mower injuries in children under 20 years old. The incidence of lawn mower injuries in children has not decreased since 1990 despite implementation of various different prevention strategies. In this report, the authors review the results of pediatric lawn mower-related lower-extremity injuries treated at a tertiary care referral center as well as review the overall literature. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed at a level 1 trauma center over a 10-year period (2005-2015)...
June 9, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602009/update-on-intranasal-medications-in-rhinosinusitis
#5
REVIEW
Kornkiat Snidvongs, Sanguansak Thanaviratananich
This review describes beneficial effects and adverse events of various intranasal medications in treating rhinosinusitis. Application of intranasal steroids has been described in treating all subtypes of adult rhinosinusitis, but reports are limited in pediatrics and mostly in acute pediatric subgroups resulted in benefits While saline irrigation is effective for patients with chronic rhinosinusitis without polyps and in pediatric acute rhinosinusitis, there is no evidence yet for saline drips and sprays. Application of intranasal antifungals and nasal irrigation with surfactant brings more harm than benefits...
July 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601181/practical-indication-based-pediatric-nuclear-medicine-studies-update-and-review
#6
REVIEW
Neha S Kwatra, Asha Sarma, Edward Y Lee
Pediatric nuclear medicine imaging presents unique challenges and requires a thorough understanding of the patients' developmental stages and physiology to optimize study protocols. This article provides an overview of the current practice of diagnostic pediatric nuclear medicine, including the common clinical applications and imaging protocol considerations.
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601179/pediatric-urinary-system-neoplasms-an-overview-and-update
#7
REVIEW
Michael George, Jeannette M Perez-Rosello, Ali Yikilmaz, Edward Y Lee
Pediatric urinary system neoplasms are a diverse group of tumors that frequently overlap in their clinical and radiologic features. By contrast, the histopathologic classification and treatment of these entities have become increasingly refined, resulting in improved outcomes, with the overall survival of Wilms tumors now exceeding 90%. Significantly, many contemporary protocols rely on radiologic diagnosis in the absence of tissue confirmation. This review article provides up-to-date clinical, epidemiologic, and imaging findings of pediatric urinary system neoplasms and their mimics frequently encountered in daily clinical practice...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601178/pediatric-hepatobiliary-neoplasms-an-overview-and-update
#8
REVIEW
Ali Yikilmaz, Michael George, Edward Y Lee
Recent developments regarding the treatment of pediatric liver tumors have significantly improved patient care. Stimulated by collaboration between international pediatric groups, advances have been made in surgical techniques, transplantation options, and chemotherapy schemas. In light of this progress, clear understanding of the state-of-the-art imaging evaluation of hepatobiliary tumors has become even more integral to the effective management of children with hepatic neoplasms. The unique imaging features of hepatic neoplasms in the pediatric population, when coupled with supportive demographic data and laboratory findings, can lead to accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of hepatobiliary tumors...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601172/respiratory-distress-in-neonates-underlying-causes-and-current-imaging-assessment
#9
REVIEW
Mark C Liszewski, A Luana Stanescu, Grace S Phillips, Edward Y Lee
The imaging evaluation of the neonate in respiratory distress has been described since the most early days of pediatric radiology but advances in diagnosis and treatment have changed the patient population presenting with these conditions and altered the imaging findings. In this article, the range of conditions that cause neonatal respiratory distress is depicted, including congenital lung malformations and lung disease in both preterm and full-term infants. An updated approach to the imaging of these conditions is reviewed, with a focus on changes that have resulted from advances in treatment and diagnosis...
July 2017: Radiologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594525/update-in-pediatric-musculoskeletal-infections-when-it-is-when-it-isn-t-and-what-to-do
#10
Alexandre Arkader, Christopher M Brusalis, William C Warner, James H Conway, Kenneth Noonan
Musculoskeletal infections, including osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, and pyomyositis, are a substantial cause of morbidity in children and adolescents. The increased virulence of infectious agents and the increased prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, have resulted in a more complicated clinical course for diagnosis and management, which is evidenced by an increased length of hospital stays, incidence of complications, and number of surgical interventions...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592912/prospective-and-descriptive-study-on-serum-androstenedione-concentration-in-healthy-children-from-birth-until-18-years-of-age-and-its-associated-factors
#11
María Gabriela Ballerini, Virginia Gaido, María Eugenia Rodríguez, Ana Chiesa, María Gabriela Ropelato
INTRODUCTION: Androstenedione (A4) is an adrenal and gonadal steroid biomarker, useful in the assessment of children in whom steroidogenic disorders are suspected. The first key step in the evaluation of a diagnostic test resides on confident reference intervals (RI). The lack of updated A4-RI with current methods in pediatrics may mislead A4 results and limit its diagnosis accuracy. AIM: To provide A4 reference ranges in healthy children. METHODS: Prospective, descriptive study...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592480/implementing-family-centered-care-through-facilitated-sensemaking
#12
Judy E Davidson, Sidney Zisook
The Society of Critical Care Medicine has released updated recommendations for care of the family in neonatal, pediatric, and adult intensive care units. Translation of the recommendations into practice may benefit from a supporting theoretical framework. Facilitated sensemaking is a mid-range theory built from the same literature that formed the basis for recommendations within the guidelines. The process of facilitated sensemaking may be used to help nurses adopt the SCCM recommendations into practice through the development of caring relationships, promoting family presence, teaching family engagement strategies, and supporting families with communication, information gathering, and participation in decision-making...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591798/associations-among-body-size-across-the-life-course-adult-height-and-endometriosis
#13
L V Farland, S A Missmer, A Bijon, G Gusto, A Gelot, F Clavel-Chapelon, S Mesrine, M C Boutron-Ruault, M Kvaskoff
STUDY QUESTION: Are body size across the life course and adult height associated with endometriosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: Endometriosis is associated with lean body size during childhood, adolescence and adulthood; tall total adult height; and tall sitting height. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The literature suggests that both adult body size and height are associated with endometriosis risk, but few studies have investigated the role of body size across the life course...
June 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589766/an-update-on-genomic-guided-therapies-for-pediatric-solid-tumors
#14
Pui Chi Tsui, Yin-Fai Lee, Zoey Wing Yee Liu, Laura Ren Huey Ip, Wenying Piao, Alan Kwok Shing Chiang, Vivian Wai Yan Lui
Currently, out of the 82 US FDA-approved targeted therapies for adult cancer treatments, only three are approved for use in children irrespective of their genomic status. Apart from leukemia, only a handful of genomic-based trials involving children with solid tumors are ongoing. Emerging genomic data for pediatric solid tumors may facilitate the development of precision medicine in pediatric patients. Here, we provide an up-to-date review of all reported genomic aberrations in the eight most common pediatric solid tumors with whole-exome sequencing or whole-genome sequencing data (from cBioPortal database, Pediatric Cancer Genome Project, Therapeutically Applicable Research to Generate Effective Treatments) and additional non-whole-exome sequencing studies...
June 7, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582566/non-classic-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia-due-to-21-hydroxylase-deficiency-revisited-an-update-with-a-special-focus-on-adolescent-and-adult-women
#15
Enrico Carmina, Didier Dewailly, Héctor F Escobar-Morreale, Fahrettin Kelestimur, Carlos Moran, Sharon Oberfield, Selma F Witchel, Ricardo Azziz
BACKGROUND: Non-classic congenital hyperplasia (NCAH) due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency is a common autosomal recessive disorder characterized by androgen excess. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: We conducted a systematic review and critical assessment of the available evidence pertaining to the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of NCAH. A meta-analysis of epidemiological data was also performed. SEARCH METHODS: Peer-reviewed studies evaluating NCAH published up to October 2016 were reviewed...
June 5, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582329/update-in-the-management-of-pediatric-psoriasis
#16
Jennifer Aileen Ang Tangtatco, Irene Lara-Corrales
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Psoriasis is a multifactorial, chronic, inflammatory skin disease that may represent a therapeutic challenge in children. This review aims to provide a framework for the management of pediatric psoriasis, emphasizing in new insights and considerations for management. It will focus on new disease associations and innovative treatment modalities that challenge current approach of psoriasis in children. RECENT FINDINGS: There is an increasing body of literature both in adults and in children linking psoriasis with different comorbidities...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574541/forgotten-but-not-gone-update-on-measles-infection-for-hospitalists
#17
REVIEW
Ketino Kobaidze, Gregory Wallace
Measles (rubeola) continues to be endemic and epidemic in many regions of the world. Measles is primarily a disease of childhood, but it can also affect adult populations, and therefore it is important that both adult and pediatric hospitalist physicians be able to recognize it. Although the disease is rarely encountered in the United States, measles infection can spread rapidly across vulnerable populations. In addition, infected adults can develop complications that may require hospitalization for treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562106/enteral-nutrition-in-pediatric-intestinal-failure-does-initial-feeding-impact-on-intestinal-adaptation
#18
Teresa Capriati, Valerio Nobili, Laura Stronati, Salvatore Cucchiara, Francesca Laureti, Alessandra Liguori, Elaine Tyndall, Antonella Diamanti
Primary IF can be due to impaired gut length or impaired gut function; short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the leading cause of IF. In IF patients complete enteral starvation should be avoided whenever possible and enteral/oral nutrition (EN/ON) should be employed at the maximum tolerated amount in each phase of the clinical evolution of IF. Intraluminal nutrients have stimulatory effects on epithelial cells and on trophism that enhance intestinal adaptation. Areas covered: Evidence for nutritional interventions in pediatric IF is limited and of poor quality...
June 8, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561665/new-classification-for-central-nervous-system-tumors-implications-for-diagnosis-and-therapy
#19
Christine E Fuller, David T W Jones, Mark W Kieran
The 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Central Nervous System (WHO 2016) represents a noteworthy divergence from prior classification schemas. This new classification introduced the concept of "integrated diagnoses" based on a marriage of both phenotypic (microscopic) and genotypic parameters, with the intended goals of improving diagnostic accuracy and patient management. The result is a major restructuring in many of the brain tumor categories, with the codification of multiple new tumor entities and subgroups...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555665/international-spinal-cord-injury-core-data-set-version-2-0-including-standardization-of-reporting
#20
F Biering-Sørensen, M J DeVivo, S Charlifue, Y Chen, P W New, V Noonan, M W M Post, L Vogel
STUDY DESIGN: The study design includes expert opinion, feedback, revisions and final consensus. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to present the new knowledge obtained since the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Core Data Set (Version 1.0) published in 2006, and describe the adjustments made in Version 2.0, including standardization of data reporting. SETTING: International. METHODS: Comments received from the SCI community were discussed in a working group (WG); suggestions from the WG were reviewed and revisions were made...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
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