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Congenital aortic stenosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711428/-congenital-heart-disease-mortality-in-spain-during-a-10-year-period-2003-2012
#1
Javier Pérez-Lescure Picarzo, Margarita Mosquera González, Pello Latasa Zamalloa, David Crespo Marcos
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart disease is a major cause of infant mortality in developed countries. In Spain, there are no publications at national level on mortality due to congenital heart disease. The aim of this study is to analyse mortality in infants with congenital heart disease, lethality of different types of congenital heart disease, and their variation over a ten-year period. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was performed to evaluate mortality rate of children under one year old with congenital heart disease, using the minimum basic data set, from 2003 to 2012...
July 12, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691460/the-%C3%A2-elfin-face%C3%A2-craniofacial-and-dental-aspects-of-the-williams-beuren-syndrome
#2
V Maurino, L Azzi, R Vinci, F Croveri, A Boggio, J Silvestre-Rangil, L Tettamanti, A Tagliabue
Williams Syndrome is a rare congenital disorder characterized by supravalvular aortic stenosis, peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis, mental retard and dysmorfic facial features. As regards the dental aspects of the syndrome, the deletion of the elastin gene induced clinicians to suspect periodontal alterations with a greater frequency of gingivo-periodontitis, but on the contrary no association between the syndrome and periodontal diseases have been found. Furthermore, patients show a higher frequency of teeth hypoplasia, an abnormal tooth morphology during primary dentition (12...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690293/tracheal-compression-caused-by-a-mediastinal-hematoma-after-interrupted-aortic-arch-surgery
#3
Qingwang Hua, Zhiyong Lin, Xingti Hu, Qifeng Zhao
Congenital abnormalities of the aortic arch include interrupted aortic arch (IAA), coarctation of the aorta (CoA), and double aortic arch (DAA). Aortic arch repair is difficult and postoperative complications are common. However, postoperative tracheobronchial stenosis with respiratory insufficiency is an uncommon complication and is usually caused by increased aortic anastomotic tension. We report here a case of tracheal compression by a mediastinal hematoma following IAA surgery. The patient underwent a repeat operation to remove the hematoma and was successfully weaned off the ventilator...
July 10, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686325/rnf213-variants-in-a-child-with-phace-syndrome-and-moyamoya-vasculopathy
#4
Kala F Schilter, Jack E Steiner, Wendy Demos, Mohit Maheshwari, Jeremy W Prokop, Elizabeth Worthey, Beth A Drolet, Dawn H Siegel
Segmental infantile hemangiomas (IH) can be associated with congenital anomalies in a regional distribution. PHACE refers to large cervicofacial segmental IH in association with congenital anomalies of the aortic arch and medium-sized arteries of the head and neck, as well as structural anomalies of the posterior fossa and eye. A subset of PHACE patients have arterial anomalies that progress to moyamoya vasculopathy (MMV). MMV is defined as stenosis of the supraclinoid segment of the internal carotid arteries and/or their major branches, with subsequent development of a compensatory collateral vessel network...
July 7, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681443/evaluation-of-the-congenital-supravalvular-aortic-stenosis-by-different-imaging-modalities
#5
Ahmet Guner, Nuri Havan, Sabahattin Gunduz, Taylan Akgun, Busra Guvendi, Gokhan Kahveci
A 36-year-old female was admitted to hospital exhibiting chest pain, dyspnea, and a heart murmur on the right upper sternal border, radiating to both carotid arteries. The blood pressure of the patient's right arm exceeded the pressure in the left by 25 mm Hg (Coanda effect). In spite of laboratory results that did not fall outside the expected range, the left ventricle was revealed to be hypertrophic following electrocardiography. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a severe supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) with a peak Doppler velocity of 6...
July 6, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671804/valvular-heart-disease-in-adults-etiologies-classification-and-diagnosis
#6
Steven M Hollenberg
The prevalence of valvular heart disease (VHD) in the United States was estimated to be approximately 2.5% in the 1990s. The prevalence currently is thought to be increasing because of more accurate diagnostic methods and aging of the population. Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the most common valve defect, followed by aortic stenosis (AS) and aortic regurgitation (AR). Degenerative disease is the most common etiology of MR, AS, and AR, though these forms of VHD also can be caused by congenital valve defects, systemic inflammatory diseases, endocarditis, and many other conditions...
June 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655532/surgical-relief-of-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-in-adults-with-congenital-aortic-stenosis-and-associated-aortic-annulus-hypoplasia-and-or-subaortic-obstruction
#7
Tanveer Ahmad, Amalan Thuraisingam, Marco Larobina, Peter Skillington
BACKGROUND: In children and adolescents, a Ross/Konno operation is commonly done to both enlarge the aortic root and provide a competent aortic valve with relief of left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO). Optimum management is not so straightforward in adults. METHODS: Between 1995 and 2014, 16 patients of mean age 39.4 years (18-57 years) with hypoplastic aortic annulus (AA) measuring 20mm and less, and mean aortic valve/LVOT gradient of 61mmHg (30-70mmHg) presented for surgery...
June 3, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629661/cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-congenital-heart-disease-in-149-patients
#8
Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Beatriz Puisac Uriol, María Esperanza Teresa Rodrigo, María Hernández Marcos, Feliciano J Ramos Fuentes, Juan Pie Juste
INTRODUCTION: Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is produced by mutations in genes that encode regulatory or structural proteins of the cohesin complex. Congenital heart disease (CHD) is not a major criterion of the disease, but it affects many individuals. The objective of this study was to study the incidence and type of CHD in patients with CdLS. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Cardiological findings were evaluated in 149 patients with CdLS and their possible relationship with clinical and genetic variables...
June 16, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626595/williams-beuren-syndrome-and-congenital-lobar-emphysema-uncommon-association-with-common-pathology
#9
Timothy Andrew Walsh, Krishna Revanna Gopagondanahalli, Atul Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) and Williams-Beuren Syndrome are two rare conditions that have only been reported together in a single case study. CASE PRESENTATION: We report another case of a male Caucasian newborn with nonspecific initial respiratory distress, with detection of CLE on repeat chest X-ray on Day 25 of life and concurrent ventricular septal defect, supravalvular aortic stenosis, and branch pulmonary stenosis, in whom a 7q11.23 deletion consistent with Williams-Beuren Syndrome was made...
2017: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621042/clinical-evaluation-of-anomalous-aortic-origin-of-a-coronary-artery-aaoca
#10
Silvana Molossi, Hitesh Agrawal
The clinical evaluation of patients with an anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA), a congenital abnormality of the origin or course of a coronary artery that arises from the aorta, is challenging given its first presentation being sudden cardiac arrest in about half of the patients. Symptoms of chest pain, shortness of breath and syncope during exertion should be of concern in evaluating young athletes and nonathletes. The lack of abnormal signs on the physical exam and electrocardiogram further adds to the difficulty in establishing the diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616342/bicuspid-aortic-valve-syndrome-a-multidisciplinary-approach-for-a-complex-entity
#11
REVIEW
María Martín, Rebeca Lorca, José Rozado, Rubén Alvarez-Cabo, Juan Calvo, Isaac Pascual, Helena Cigarrán, Isabel Rodríguez, César Morís
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or bicuspid aortopathy is the most common congenital heart disease. It can be clinically silent and it is often identified as an incidental finding in otherwise healthy, asymptomatic patients. However, it can be dysfunctioning at birth, even requiring neonatal intervention, or, in time, lead to aortic stenosis, aortic insufficiency, and endocarditis, and also be associated with aortic aneurysm and aortic dissection. Given its prevalence and significant complications, it is estimated that BAV is responsible for more deaths and morbidity than the combined effects of all the other congenital heart defects...
May 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598551/coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-infants-children-and-young-adults-for-acquired-and-congenital-lesions
#12
Constantine Mavroudis
Coronary artery disease ranges from congenital in origin such as anomalous aortic origin of a coronary artery (AAOCA) to acquired diseases such as Kawasaki disease, and previously repaired conditions such as transposition of the great arteries. It is not uncommon, in the long run, for proximal coronary stenosis to develop following arterial switch, AAOCA repair, Ross procedure and Kawasaki disease leading to coronary artery bypass grafing (CABG). The objective of this report is to discuss the indications, challenges, and outcomes of CABG in infants, children, and young adults with acquired and congenital lesions...
June 9, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560045/correlation-of-neuter-status-and-expression-of-heritable-disorders
#13
Janelle M Belanger, Thomas P Bellumori, Danika L Bannasch, Thomas R Famula, Anita M Oberbauer
BACKGROUND: Gonadectomy, or neutering, is a very common surgery for dogs having many positive effects on behavior, health, and longevity. There are also certain risks associated with neutering including the development of orthopedic conditions, cognitive decline, and a predisposition to some neoplasias. This study was designed specifically to identify if a correlation exists between neuter status and inherited conditions in a large aggregate cohort of dogs representing many different breeds...
2017: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557866/imaging-adult-patients-with-discrete-subvalvar-aortic-stenosis
#14
Alexander R Opotowsky, Sarah S Pickard, Tal Geva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Distinction between discrete subvalvar aortic stenosis and other causes of left ventricular outflow obstruction has important implications for predicting natural history and guiding the timing and type of intervention. Imaging, primarily transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), plays a pivotal role in the diagnosis and management of adults with subvalvar aortic stenosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Most systematic research on imaging of subvalvar aortic stenosis has focused on echocardiography...
May 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533581/bicuspid-aortic-valve-an-unusual-cause-of-aneurysm-of-left-coronary-sinus-of-valsalva
#15
Euden Bhutia, Dinesh Kumar, Binoy Shankar, Shakti Pad Das, Sunil Kishore
Bicuspid aortic valve is traditionally considered an innocuous congenital anomaly. Due to a better and widespread availability of non-invasive imaging techniques, it has come to the fore that 30% of these cases develop complications, viz., valve abnormality (aortic regurgitation and stenosis), and aneurysm of aortic root and ascending aorta. Sinus of Valsalva aneurysm is an uncommon complication of bicuspid aortic valve and more so those arising from the left coronary sinus are the rarest. These complications generally occur in the third or fourth decade of life...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462556/double-chambered-right-ventricle-a-rare-diagnosis
#16
Nitesh Pansari, H Raghavendra, Hemant Mahur, Mahesh Dave
A 27 years old female was admitted to our hospital with complaints of swelling of feet and abdomen, pain abdomen and exertional dyspnea from last 1 week. On examination she was found to have congestive heart failure. Chest x-ray revealed mild cardiomegaly with left pleural effusion and electrocardiography showed right axis deviation with right ventricular hypertrophy. By echocardiography she was diagnosed to have double chambered right ventricle without any other congenital heart anomaly. She was started on medical treatment following which she recovered well and she was advised for surgery...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460759/utility-of-physical-examination-and-comparison-to-echocardiography-for-cardiac-diagnosis
#17
Ashish Patel, Nitin Singh Tomar, Anil Bharani
OBJECTIVE: To find out the accuracy of cardiac auscultation using non-digital stethoscope in physical diagnosis of cardiac diseases. METHODS: We enrolled 104 consecutive patients with abnormal cardiac auscultatory findings attending cardiology clinic and not previously evaluated by echocardiography. One time detailed cardiac physical examination followed by echocardiography within 1 month was undertaken. Agreement between two methods was calculated using mean pair percentage agreement, kappa statistics (κ) and calculation of 95% confidence interval (CI) for kappa statistics...
March 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441821/-assessment-of-undiagnosed-critical-congenital-heart-disease-before-discharge-from-the-maternity-hospital
#18
Q M Zhao, F Liu, L Wu, M Ye, B Jia, X J Ma, G Y Huang
Objective: Undiagnosed critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) was assessed before discharge from maternity hospital.Basic information was provided for screening CCHD in the early neonatal stage.Chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical variables(detection rate of different types of CCHD). Method: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in neonates with CCHD who were admitted to Children's Hospital of Fudan University between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2015. For comparing with the previously reported undiagnosed rate of CCHD at discharge, CCHD was defined as all duct dependent congenital heart disease (DDCHD) and any cyanotic CHD that required early surgery...
April 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424443/case-report-of-a-rarely-seen-long-segment-middle-aortic-syndrome
#19
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan
Middle aortic syndrome (MAS) follows a course with distal thoracic and abdominal aorta stenosis. It is a rare disease that is usually diagnosed after the first decade of life. Clinical reflection of MAS is often in the form of hypertension and claudication in the lower extremities. Its etiology is unclear, but is known to be associated with congenital or acquired diseases. This pathology, which is accompanied by malignant hypertension, often does not respond to medical treatment. In patients with MAS, surgical treatment is first line recommendation to prevent complications such as hypertension, heart failure, intracranial bleeding, or aortic rupture...
March 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420337/right-aortic-arch-analysis-anatomical-variant-or-serious-vascular-defect
#20
Agata Arazińska, Michał Polguj, Konrad Szymczyk, Magdalena Kaczmarska, Łukasz Trębiński, Ludomir Stefańczyk
BACKGROUND: The right-sided aortic arch (RAA) is a rare congenital defect of the aorta. The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of RAA in diagnoses performed by the University Radiology Department and analyze the frequency of concomitant vascular abnormalities. METHODS: The database of the Radiology Department was retrospectively analyzed between January 2008 and May 2016 with the keyword "right aortic arch". Twenty patients with this diagnosis were identified from a total of 11,690 CT examinations of the chest area, 19,623 CT examinations of brain-supplying vessels, and 1863 MRI examinations of the heart and aortic arch or brain-supplying arteries...
April 19, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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