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Functional Hops

Paul Sanmartin, Aldo Rojas, Luis Fernandez, Karen Avila, Daladier Jabba, Sebastian Valle
This paper presents the adaptation of a specific metric for the RPL protocol in the objective function MRHOF. Among the functions standardized by IETF, we find OF0, which is based on the minimum hop count, as well as MRHOF, which is based on the Expected Transmission Count (ETX). However, when the network becomes denser or the number of nodes increases, both OF0 and MRHOF introduce long hops, which can generate a bottleneck that restricts the network. The adaptation is proposed to optimize both OFs through a new routing metric...
April 21, 2018: Sensors
David J Wales
Recent advances in the potential energy landscapes approach are highlighted, including both theoretical and computational contributions. Treating the high dimensionality of molecular and condensed matter systems of contemporary interest is important for understanding how emergent properties are encoded in the landscape and for calculating these properties while faithfully representing barriers between different morphologies. The pathways characterized in full dimensionality, which are used to construct kinetic transition networks, may prove useful in guiding such calculations...
April 20, 2018: Annual Review of Physical Chemistry
Daniel Holub, Hongju Ma, Norbert Krauß, Tilman Lamparter, Marcus Elstner, Natacha Gillet
Cryptochromes and photolyases form a flavoprotein family in which the FAD chromophore undergoes light induced changes of its redox state. During this process, termed photoreduction, electrons flow from the surface via conserved amino acid residues to FAD. The bacterial (6-4) photolyase PhrB belongs to a phylogenetically ancient group. Photoreduction of PhrB differs from the typical pattern because the amino acid of the electron cascade next to FAD is a tyrosine (Tyr391), whereas photolyases and cryptochromes of other groups have a tryptophan as direct electron donor of FAD...
February 7, 2018: Chemical Science
Xianfeng Huang, Jing Wang, Xiao Chen, Pan Liu, Shujin Wang, Fangchen Song, Zaijun Zhang, Feiqi Zhu, Xinfeng Huang, Jianjun Liu, Guoqiang Song, Peter S Spencer, Xifei Yang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that has proved refractory to drug treatment. Given evidence of neuroprotection in animal models of ischemic stroke, we assessed the prenylflavonoid xanthohumol from the Common Hop ( Humulus lupulus L.) for therapeutic potential in murine neuroblastoma N2a cells stably expressing human Swedish mutant amyloid precursor protein (N2a/APP), a well-characterized cellular model of AD. The ELISA and Western-blot analysis revealed that xanthohumol (Xn) inhibited Aβ accumulation and APP processing, and that Xn ameliorated tau hyperphosphorylation via PP2A, GSK3β pathways in N2a/APP cells...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Heather E Miller, Charles L Larson, Robert A Heinzen
Coxiella burnetii is an intracellular bacterium that replicates within an expansive phagolysosome-like vacuole. Fusion between the Coxiella-containing vacuole (CCV) and late endosomes/multivesicular bodies requires Rab7, the HOPS tethering complex, and SNARE proteins, with actin also speculated to play a role. Here, we investigated the importance of actin in CCV fusion. Filamentous actin patches formed around the CCV membrane that were preferred sites of vesicular fusion. Accordingly, the mediators of endolysosomal fusion Rab7, VAMP7, and syntaxin 8 were concentrated in CCV actin patches...
April 18, 2018: PLoS Pathogens
Bernard X W Liew, Christopher C Drovandi, Samuel Clifford, Justin W L Keogh, Susan Morris, Kevin Netto
Background: There is convincing evidence for the benefits of resistance training on vertical jump improvements, but little evidence to guide optimal training prescription. The inability to detect small between modality effects may partially reflect the use of ANOVA statistics. This study represents the results of a sub-study from a larger project investigating the effects of two resistance training methods on load carriage running energetics. Bayesian statistics were used to compare the effectiveness of isoinertial resistance against speed-power training to change countermovement jump (CMJ) and squat jump (SJ) height, and joint energetics...
2018: PeerJ
Elham Nourani, Kamran Safi, Noriyuki M Yamaguchi, Hiroyoshi Higuchi
Flapping flight is relatively costly for soaring birds such as raptors. To avoid costly flight, migrating raptors generally avoid flying over water. As a result, all but one of the global raptor migration flyways are largely over land. The East Asian oceanic flyway for raptors is the exception. Raptor species using this flyway migrate by island-hopping, flying over open ocean for distances of up to 300 km between islands. We used satellite telemetry data for grey-faced buzzards Butastur indicus , a species that dominates the southern part of the flyway, to investigate the geographical and atmospheric factors responsible for the suitability of this flyway for raptor migration...
March 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Claudia Ferreira Gomes da Silva, Felipe Xavier de Lima E Silva, Karoline Baptista Vianna, Gabriel Dos Santos Oliveira, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
BACKGROUND: Both eccentric training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are used for quadriceps strengthening. However, the effects of these interventions combined are unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of eccentric training combined to NMES and eccentric training alone on structure, strength, and functional performance of knee extensor muscles of healthy subjects. METHODS: This is a three-arm, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
March 28, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Zhi-Hui Zhao, Hong-da Bao, Chang-Chun Tseng, Ze-Zhang Zhu, Yong Qiu, Zhen Liu
OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to evaluate the pulmonary function of patients with severe scoliosis after correcting standing height with spino-pelvic index (SPI). METHODS: Inclusion criteria: (1) with a coronal Cobb angle of more than 90°; (2) diagnosed as congenital (CS) or idiopathic scoliosis (IS); (3) aged between ten and 20 years; (4) with pulmonary function test (PFT) at the primary consultation. Patients with previous surgical intervention, with angular kyphosis, and with neuromuscular disease were excluded...
April 5, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Mathias S Scheurer, Shubhayu Chatterjee, Wei Wu, Michel Ferrero, Antoine Georges, Subir Sachdev
We compute the electronic Green's function of the topologically ordered Higgs phase of a SU(2) gauge theory of fluctuating antiferromagnetism on the square lattice. The results are compared with cluster extensions of dynamical mean field theory, and quantum Monte Carlo calculations, on the pseudogap phase of the strongly interacting hole-doped Hubbard model. Good agreement is found in the momentum, frequency, hopping, and doping dependencies of the spectral function and electronic self-energy. We show that lines of (approximate) zeros of the zero-frequency electronic Green's function are signs of the underlying topological order of the gauge theory and describe how these lines of zeros appear in our theory of the Hubbard model...
April 2, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Adithya Vijaykumar, Pieter Rein Ten Wolde, Peter G Bolhuis
To predict the response of a biochemical system, knowledge of the intrinsic and effective rate constants of proteins is crucial. The experimentally accessible effective rate constant for association can be decomposed in a diffusion-limited rate at which proteins come into contact and an intrinsic association rate at which the proteins in contact truly bind. Reversely, when dissociating, bound proteins first separate into a contact pair with an intrinsic dissociation rate, before moving away by diffusion. While microscopic expressions exist that enable the calculation of the intrinsic and effective rate constants by conducting a single rare event simulation of the protein dissociation reaction, these expressions are only valid when the substrate has just one binding site...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Tishya A L Wren, Nicole M Mueske, Christopher H Brophy, J Lee Pace, Mia J Katzel, Bianca R Edison, Curtis D VandenBerg, Tracy L Zaslow
Study Design Retrospective cohort. Background Return to sport (RTS) protocols after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) often include assessment of hop distance symmetry. However, it is unclear if movement deficits are present regardless of hop symmetry. Objectives To assess biomechanics and symmetry of adolescent athletes following ACLR during a single leg hop for distance. Methods Forty-six patients with ACLR (5-12 months post-surgery; 27 female; age 15.6, SD 1.7 years) were classified as asymmetric (operative limb hop distance <90% of non-operative limb; n=17) or symmetric (n=29)...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Leif P Madsen, Emily A Hall, Carrie L Docherty
Study Design Laboratory base, cross-sectional study. Background Functional performance tests (FPTs) assess short bouts of unilateral hops for either distance or speed. More research is needed to identify specific FPTs that are useful for measuring asymmetry outcomes related to functional performance and perceived instability deficits in subjects with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Objectives To identify FPTs that are sensitive to subjective and objective deficits associated with CAI. Methods Twenty-four subjects with unilateral CAI (10 males, 14 females; 20...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
X Deng, V E Kravtsov, G V Shlyapnikov, L Santos
The transport of excitations between pinned particles in many physical systems may be mapped to single-particle models with power-law hopping, 1/r^{a}. For randomly spaced particles, these models present an effective peculiar disorder that leads to surprising localization properties. We show that in one-dimensional systems almost all eigenstates (except for a few states close to the ground state) are power-law localized for any value of a>0. Moreover, we show that our model is an example of a new universality class of models with power-law hopping, characterized by a duality between systems with long-range hops (a<1) and short-range hops (a>1), in which the wave function amplitude falls off algebraically with the same power γ from the localization center...
March 16, 2018: Physical Review Letters
Iris Leister, Georg Mattiassich, Harald Kindermann, Reinhold Ortmaier, Jürgen Barthofer, Imre Vasvary, Klaus Katzensteiner, Christine Stelzhammer, Stefan Tino Kulnik
Purpose: There is sparse evidence for return to sport criteria after knee injury. Functional performance deficits, particularly in fatigued muscular condition, should be verified prior to the attempt to return to high-risk pivoting sports. The purpose of this study was to generate reference values for the limb symmetry index (LSI) of healthy subjects in fatigued and non-fatigued muscular condition in a newly designed test battery. Methods: Forty-two healthy subjects [22 females, 20 males; mean (SD) age 30...
2018: Sport Sciences for Health
F Bianchini, H Fjellvåg, P Vajeeston
Lithium aluminates are attracting increasing attention as battery materials. They are typically used for the coating of electrodes. The diffusive properties of the equilibrium tetragonal phase (γ) are well understood from both an experimental and a theoretical perspective, and the major diffusive mechanism is recognised to be vacancy hopping between neighbouring sites. Investigations of this type are however not reported for other, high-pressure LiAlO2 phases. Moreover, the ionic diffusivity of the Na-based aluminates, manifesting a similar polymorphism to LiAlO2, has never been studied using atomistic techniques...
March 29, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Louise Sladen, Rommel Matheson, Kevin Norton, Aileen Milne
INTRODUCTION: Assessment of effects of potential drug candidates on the respiratory system is part of the regulatory preclinical safety assessment conducted prior to first in human trials (FTIH). Commonly, this is carried out utilizing head out plethysmography (HOP) or whole body plethysmography (WBP) which record only ventilatory parameters. When dosing via the inhaled route a more thorough respiratory assessment, including a direct measure of airway mechanics, is desirable. The aim of the present work was to improve the strategy for respiratory safety testing by a) evaluating a telemetered pleural pressure - HOP (PP-HOP) model and b) evaluating a crossover study design protocol in the WBP model to reduce variability and animal usage...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
David N Deaton, Curt D Haffner, Brad R Henke, Michael R Jeune, Barry G Shearer, Eugene L Stewart, J Darren Stuart, John C Ulrich
Starting from 4-amino-8-quinoline carboxamide lead 1a and scaffold hopping to the chemically more tractable quinazoline, a systematic exploration of the 2-substituents of the quinazoline ring, utilizing structure activity relationships and conformational constraint, resulted in the identification of 39 novel CD38 inhibitors. Eight of these analogs were 10-100-fold more potent human CD38 inhibitors, including the single digit nanomolar inhibitor 1am. Several of these molecules also exhibited improved therapeutic indices relative to hERG activity...
March 15, 2018: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Wouter Welling, Anne Benjaminse, Romain Seil, Koen Lemmink, Stefano Zaffagnini, Alli Gokeler
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current prospective study was to assess the changes over time in patients tested at 6 months and 9 months after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) with a return to sport (RTS) test battery. It was hypothesized that more patients passed RTS criteria at 9 months compared to 6 months. METHODS: Sixty-two ACLR patients performed a test battery at an average of 6.5 ± 0.7 and 9.5 ± 0.9 months after ACLR. All patients underwent a standardized rehabilitation protocol...
March 24, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Yang He, Jingshan Shen
alpha 7 subtype nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7 nAChR) ligands, that is, ligands that interact with the orthosteric or allosteric binding sites of α7 nAChR, hold great potential for several therapeutic applications. Numerous compounds have been designed targeting α7 nAChR but most of them cannot be used therapeutically for various reasons. Areas covered: The patent application describes a series of germinal substituted aminobenzisoxazole compounds as α7 nAChR ligands. These compounds were claimed as potential therapeutics for treating and/or improving cognitive function...
March 23, 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
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