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Interventional pain management

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451835/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-advanced-cancer-patients-who-received-palliative-care-at-a-public-hospital-compared-with-those-at-a-comprehensive-cancer-center
#1
Marvin Omar Delgado-Guay, Jeannette Ferrer, Jewel Ochoa, Hilda Cantu, Janet L Williams, Minjeong Park, Eduardo Bruera
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cancer experience severe physical, psychosocial, and spiritual distress requiring palliative care (PC). There are limited literature regarding characteristics and outcomes of patients evaluated by PC services at public hospitals (PHs). Objective, Design, Setting/Subjects, and Measurements: To compare the outcomes of advanced cancer patients undergoing PC at a PH and those at a comprehensive cancer center (CCC). We reviewed 359 consecutive advanced cancer patients (PH, 180; CCC, 179) undergoing PC...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451665/mirror-therapy-a-potential-intervention-for-pain-management
#2
Priscilla G Wittkopf, Mark I Johnson
The consequences of chronic pain and associated disabilities to the patient and to the health care system are well known. Medication is often the first treatment of choice for chronic pain, although side effects and high costs restrict long-term use. Inexpensive, safe and easy to self-administer non-pharmacological therapies, such as mirror therapy, are recommended as adjuncts to pain treatment. The purpose of this review is to describe the principles of use of mirror therapy so it can be incorporated into a health care delivery...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449442/design-and-rationale-of-the-ripcord-2-trial-does-routine-pressure-wire-assessment-influence-management-strategy-at-coronary-angiography-for-diagnosis-of-chest-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-compare-routine-pressure-wire-assessment-with-conventional-angiography
#3
REVIEW
Mostafa Elguindy, Rod Stables, Zoe Nicholas, Ian Kemp, Nick Curzen
BACKGROUND: Investigation of anginal chest pain has traditionally involved either assessment of the coronary anatomy by angiography or noninvasive testing for reversible ischemia. Invasive pressure wire assessment at the time of angiography offers information on both anatomy and physiology. Fractional flow reserve-guided percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with lower resource utilization and improved clinical outcome compared with angiographic guidance alone. However, the value of routine fractional flow reserve of all major coronary vessels at the time of diagnostic angiography has not been established in a randomized trial despite persuasive observational data...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449064/pain-related-psychological-issues-in-hand-therapy
#4
Tokiko Hamasaki, René Pelletier, Daniel Bourbonnais, Patrick Harris, Manon Choinière
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. INTRODUCTION: Pain is a subjective experience that results from the modulation of nociception conveyed to the brain via the nervous system. Perception of pain takes place when potential or actual noxious stimuli are appraised as threats of injury. This appraisal is influenced by one's cognitions and emotions based on her/his pain-related experiences, which are processed in the forebrain and limbic areas of the brain. Unarguably, patients' psychological factors such as cognitions (eg, pain catastrophizing), emotions (eg, depression), and pain-related behaviors (eg, avoidance) can influence perceived pain intensity, disability, and treatment outcomes...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#5
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447356/barriers-to-the-availability-and-accessibility-of-controlled-medicines-for-chronic-pain-in-africa
#6
Elmang Nchako, Scottie Bussell, Carlos Nesbeth, Chisom Odoh
Africans endure a high burden of pain and suffering from HIV/AIDS and cancer, yet receive a meager amount of the world's pain medication. This tragedy occurs needlessly, given that inexpensive, effective and easily administered interventions are available. WHO has a 'three-step analgesic ladder' framework for managing cancer pain. This widely adopted clinical practice guideline is an integral part of palliative care programs and has also been applied to non-cancer pain. However, untreated pain is a major public health problem due to the discordance between scientific evidence and public policy...
February 13, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446765/gut-microbiota-based-therapies-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#7
Emily K Stern, Darren M Brenner
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, heterogeneous disorder characterized by abdominal pain associated with changes in bowel habits. The pathogenesis of IBS is multifactorial and may relate to alterations in the gut microbiota, changes in visceral sensation and motility, and genetic and environmental factors. Administration of systemic antibiotics may increase the risk of IBS by altering gastrointestinal homeostasis. Therapeutic interventions for IBS with diarrhea that are thought to target alterations in the gut microbiota include the nonsystemic antibiotic rifaximin, the medical food serum-derived bovine immunoglobulin, prebiotics, probiotics, and dietary modification...
February 15, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444277/pathophysiology-and-management-of-abdominal-myofascial-pain-syndrome-amps-a-three-year-prospective-audit-of-a-management-pathway-in-120-patients
#8
Gopinath Niraj
Background: Chronic abdominal wall pain arising from the myofascial structures is termed abdominal myofascial pain syndrome and is an important cause of refractory abdominal pain that utilizes significant health care costs. The current literature is vague on its management. Design: The author presents a prospective audit of a structured management pathway and discusses the pathophysiology of abdominal myofascial pain syndrome. The objective was to identify an effective and durable treatment for the individual patient and evaluate patient satisfaction with the management pathway...
February 9, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440818/ultrasound-guided-real-time-pterygopalatine-block-for-analgesia-in-an-oral-cancer-patient
#9
Nishkarsh Gupta, Rohini Dattatri, Sachidanand Jee Bharati, Sushma Bhatnagar
Oral cancers are one of the most common cancers in India. These patients have pain during the course of the disease. Various drugs including opioid and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug have been used to manage pain. However, these are associated with side effects such as constipation and vomiting. An early interventional block may decrease the requirement for analgesics and improve the overall quality of life. We describe a case of oral carcinoma successfully managed with ultrasound-guided pterygopalatine block...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440814/effectiveness-of-the-certificate-course-in-essentials-of-palliative-care-program-on-the-knowledge-in-palliative-care-among-the-participants-a-cross-sectional-interventional-study
#10
Sushma Bhatnagar, Anuradha Patel
Background: Palliative medicine is an upcoming new specialty aimed at relieving suffering, improving quality of life and comfort care. There are many challenges and barriers in providing palliative care to our patients. The major challenge is lack of knowledge, attitude and skills among health-care providers. Objectives: Evaluate the effectiveness of the certificate course in essentials of palliative care (CCEPC) program on the knowledge in palliative care among the participants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440051/cold-forced-open-water-swimming-a-natural-intervention-to-improve-postoperative-pain-and-mobilisation-outcomes
#11
Tom B Mole, Pieter Mackeith
Postoperative neuropathic pain exacerbated by movement is poorly understood and difficult to treat but a relatively common complication of surgical procedures such as endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy. Here, we describe a case of unexpected, immediate, complete and sustained remission of postoperative intercostal neuralgia after the patient engaged in an open-water swim in markedly cold conditions. Though an incidental chance association is possible, the clear temporal proximity linking the swim with pain remission makes a causal relationship possible...
February 12, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440010/effect-and-safety-of-morphine-use-in-acute-anterior-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#12
Mickael Bonin, Nathan Mewton, Francois Roubille, Olivier Morel, Guillaume Cayla, Denis Angoulvant, Meyer Elbaz, Marc J Claeys, David Garcia-Dorado, Céline Giraud, Gilles Rioufol, Claire Jossan, Michel Ovize, Patrice Guerin
BACKGROUND: Morphine is commonly used to treat chest pain during myocardial infarction, but its effect on cardiovascular outcome has never been directly evaluated. The aim of this study was to examine the effect and safety of morphine in patients with acute anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction followed up for 1 year. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the database of the CIRCUS (Does Cyclosporine Improve Outcome in ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Patients) trial, which included 969 patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, admitted for primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437074/letting-the-patient-decide-a-case-report-of-self-administered-sedation-during-mechanical-ventilation
#13
Breanna Hetland, Sarah Maryon Hayes, Debra Skaar, Mary Fran Tracy, Craig R Weinert, Linda Chlan
It is common for critical care nurses to administer sedative medications to patients receiving mechanical ventilation. Although patient-controlled analgesia is frequently used in practice to promote effective self-management of pain by patients, it is not known if patient-controlled sedation can be used to promote effective self-management of distressing symptoms associated with mechanical ventilation. A randomized pilot trial was conducted to evaluate whether patient self-administered sedation with dexmedetomidine is safe and acceptable for self-management of anxiety during ventilator support...
February 2018: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436975/the-effect-of-listening-to-music-on-postoperative-pain-in-adult-orthopedic-patients
#14
Melissa A Schneider
PURPOSE: Pain is a common occurrence after orthopedic surgery. Patients need additional resources to manage their pain. The purpose of this study was to determine if listening to music has a positive effect on pain scores and satisfaction in the postoperative adult orthopedic patient. There are limited studies demonstrating statistically significant decreases in postoperative pain in this group. A secondary purpose was to expose nurses on a standard medical-surgical unit to an intervention, supported by the holistic nursing model that they could use in their care...
March 2018: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436071/the-impact-of-a-short-educational-movie-on-promoting-chronic-pain-health-literacy-in-school-a-feasibility-study
#15
J Wager, L Stahlschmidt, F Heuer, S Troche, B Zernikow
BACKGROUND: School-based health education programs on chronic pain providing information about the proper management of recurrent and chronic pain may increase health literacy in terms of pain knowledge and may thereby prevent dysfunctional coping and may decrease the risk of pain chronification. The aim of the present feasibility study was to evaluate the effectiveness of an educational movie on recurrent and chronic pain in increasing pain knowledge among students. METHODS: N=95 adolescent students provided demographic and pain-related information and completed a pain knowledge questionnaire before and after viewing an educational movie on recurrent and chronic pain...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435836/oral-and-dental-health-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#16
Joel B Epstein, Andrei Barasch
A diagnosis of head and neck cancer (HNC) is typically followed by therapy that is associated with immediate and long-lasting toxic consequences. HNC patients' oral health needs may be complex and are best addressed in multidisciplinary collaborative teams including surgical, medical, and radiation oncologists, dental providers, nutrition, speech/swallow specialists, and physical therapists. Oral health maintenance also requires patient compliance and caregiver support. The role of dental providers begins prior to cancer diagnosis and continues through survivorship...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435826/efficacy-of-bovine-lactoferrin-in-the-post-surgical-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaws-an-open-label-study
#17
Francesco Calvani, Antimo Cutone, Maria Stefania Lepanto, Luigi Rosa, Valentino Valentini, Piera Valenti
Osteonecrosis of the jaws is an emerging pathological condition characterized by un-exposure or exposure of the necrotic bone, independently from the etiology. This term is usually referred to medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws due to severe adverse reaction to certain medicines, as bisphosphonates, used for the treatment of cancer and osteoporosis. The management of patients with Bisphosphonate-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws (BRONJ) remains challenging because surgical and medical interventions may not eradicate this pathology...
February 12, 2018: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433866/management-of-nonparasitic-splenic-cysts-in-children
#18
Jenine Hassoun, Gezzer Ortega, Lorrie S Burkhalter, Shellie Josephs, Faisal G Qureshi
BACKGROUND: The management of nonparasitic splenic cysts in children is unclear. Options include observation, cystectomy, partial or total splenectomy and percutaneous aspiration with and without sclerotherapy. The aim of this study is to assess the outcomes of these interventions at a children's hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients aged <18 y with splenic cysts over 7 y was performed. Demographics, mode of intervention, and outcome data were collected...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433764/cold-intolerance-after-nerve-injury
#19
Christine B Novak
Cold intolerance after nerve injury can be severe and has been associated with high levels of pain and disability. This article provides an overview of the assessment and nonoperative management of cold-induced symptoms after peripheral nerve injury. A comprehensive evaluation should include both objective measures such as skin temperatures and subjective tools to assess the patient's perspective and impact of the symptoms. Management of the patient with cold intolerance remains challenging and should include adaptive strategies, warming interventions, and desensitization conditioning programs to minimize cold-induced pain and hyperresponses...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433500/effects-of-local-treatment-with-and-without-sensorimotor-and-balance-exercise-in-individuals-with-neck-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Munlika Sremakaew, Gwendolen Jull, Julia Treleaven, Marco Barbero, Deborah Falla, Sureeporn Uthaikhup
BACKGROUND: Impaired cervical joint position sense and balance are associated with neck pain. Specific therapeutic exercise and manual therapy are effective for improving neck pain and functional ability but their effects on joint position sense and balance impairments remain uncertain. Changes in the joint position sense and balance may need to be addressed specifically. The primary objective is to investigate the most effective interventions to improve impaired cervical joint position sense and balance in individuals with neck pain...
February 13, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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