keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical law

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109011/individual-physician-penalties-resulting-from-violation-of-emtala-a-review-of-office-of-the-inspector-general-patient-dumping-settlements-2002-2015
#1
Sophie Terp, Brandon Wang, Brian Raffetto, Seth A Seabury, Michael Menchine
OBJECTIVE: To describe characteristics of civil monetary penalty settlements levied by the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) against individual physicians related to violation of the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act (EMTALA). METHODS: Descriptions of all civil monetary penalty settlements between 2002 and 2015 were obtained from the OIG. Characteristics of settlements against individual physicians related to EMTALA violations were described including settlement date, location, amount, whether there was an associated hospital settlement, the medical specialty of the physician involved, and the nature of the allegation...
January 20, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100143/end-of-life-in-high-security-prisons-in-switzerland
#2
Irene Marti, Ueli Hostettler, Marina Richter
Similar to other institutions, the Swiss prison system faces a growing number of elderly prisoners, trends toward securitization, and, in consequence, more prisoners who will spend the end-of-life (EOL) period of time in prison. By law, prisoners should have the same access to care as the rest of the population. However, custody makes meeting the demands of medical and palliative care difficult. This article focuses on the organizational challenges related to EOL care. Based on ethnographic and documentary research, it examines the institutional logic of the prison and the competing "new" logic emerging with EOL care...
January 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100116/physician-opinions-concerning-legal-abortion-in-bogot%C3%A3-colombia
#3
Kaitlyn Stanhope, Roger Rochat, Lauren Fink, Kalie Richardson, Chelsey Brack, Dawn Comeau
Since the decriminalisation of abortion in 2006, women in Colombia have continued to seek clandestine abortions, endangering their health and contributing to maternal mortality and morbidity. The goal of this study was to explore physicians' opinions towards and knowledge about legal abortion in Bogotá, Colombia, and key barriers to the legal abortion access. We conducted 13 key informant interviews followed by a survey with a probability sample of 49 doctors working in public hospitals in Bogotá. Interview and survey data showed lack of technical experience in the provision of abortion and nuanced opinions towards its practice...
January 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099705/prevalence-of-induced-abortions-and-contraceptive-use-among-married-women-in-an-urban-slum-of-delhi-india
#4
Meenakshi Bhilwar, Panna Lal, Nandini Sharma, Preena Bhalla, Ashok Kumar
OBJECTIVE: To document abortion practices and contraceptive use among women of reproductive age in an urban slum of Delhi. METHODS: Data were collected as part of a cross-sectional study conducted in an urban resettlement colony in the North East District of Delhi between November 2010 and December 2011. Systematic random sampling was used to enroll 200 married women aged 15-49 years from each of the four blocks of the colony. Participants were interviewed and data were entered into a pretested semi-structured questionnaire...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099690/intimate-partner-violence-and-constraints-to-reproductive-autonomy-and-reproductive-health-among-women-seeking-abortion-services-in-bangladesh
#5
Erin Pearson, Kathryn L Andersen, Kamal Biswas, Rezwana Chowdhury, Susan G Sherman, Michele R Decker
OBJECTIVE: To understand intersections between intimate partner violence (IPV) and other constraints to women's reproductive autonomy, and the influence of IPV on reproductive health. METHODS: A secondary analysis examined cross-sectional data from a facility-based sample of women seeking abortion care (for spontaneous or induced abortion) between March 1 and October 31, 2013. Women aged 18-49 years, who received abortion services and selected a short-acting contraceptive method or no contraception completed an interviewer-administered survey after treatment...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097671/junctional-ectopic-tachycardia-localization-and-procedural-approach-using-cryoablation
#6
Alyson R Pierick, Ian H Law, Jennifer R Muldonado, Nicholas H VON Bergen
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) may still be difficult to control with antiarrhythmic therapy. Transcatheter ablation can be challenging and may be associated with a high risk of unintended AV block. The objective of this manuscript is to report the procedural technique, the location of the successful ablation and the procedural characteristics while utilizing 3D mapping for cryoablation of JET. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on all patients who had undergone cryothermal ablation for the treatment of JET at a single center...
January 18, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097606/colorado-medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-marijuana
#7
Michael H Chan, Christopher E Knoepke, Madeline L Cole, James McKinnon, Daniel D Matlock
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, state and local governments across the U.S. have been increasingly reforming marijuana laws. Despite growing support for marijuana as a medical treatment, little is known about medical students' perceptions of marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: To assess Colorado medical students' personal and professional opinions on current and future marijuana use in a healthcare setting. DESIGN: A voluntary, anonymous, online cross-sectional survey...
January 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092219/the-21st-century-cures-act-pharmacoeconomic-boon-or-bane
#8
Roger Lee Mendoza
Barriers to entry in healthcare markets constitute one of the overriding concerns of health economists. The recent enactment of the 21st Century Cures Act in the United States is one landmark legislation that reduces statutory entry barriers to the discovery, development, testing and licensing of drugs and medical devices. However, it brings with it many critical challenges concerning the safety, efficacy and value of drugs and devices, along with novel opportunities for medical innovation and faster treatment of diseases...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090065/assessment-of-workplace-air-concentrations-of-formaldehyde-during-and-before-working-hours-in-medical-facilities
#9
Ichiro Higashikubo, Hiroyuki Miyauchi, Satoru Yoshida, Shinsuke Tanaka, Mitsunori Matsuoka, Heihachiro Arito, Akihiro Araki, Hidesuke Shimizu, Haruhiko Sakurai
Workplace air concentrations of formaldehyde (FA) in medical facilities where FA and FA-treated organs were stored and handled were measured before and during working hours and assessed by the official method specified by Work Environment Measurement Law. Sixty-percent of the total facilities examined were judged as inappropriately controlled work environment. The concentrations of FA before working hours by spot sampling were found to exceed 0.1 ppm in some facilities, and tended to increase with increasing volume of containers storing FA and FA-treated materials...
January 13, 2017: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087169/antibiotic-knowledge-and-self-medication-practices-in-a-developing-country-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Antoun Jamhour, Ammar El-Kheir, Pascale Salameh, Pierre Abi Hanna, Hanine Mansour
BACKGROUND: Self-medication is identified by the World Health Organization as a major factor leading to antibiotics overuse, misuse and resistance. This study's objectives were to evaluate the knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics in a sample of the population of Lebanon. METHODS: This study surveyed a sample of adults (over 18 years of age) residing in 2 major cities in Lebanon about their knowledge and self-medication with antibiotics. Health care professionals were excluded from the study...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078404/-caution-in-the-face-of-medical-invoice-recommendations-violation-of-competition-law-by-specialist-medical-professional-organizations-and-societies
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076978/abortion-services-at-hospitals-in-istanbul
#12
Mary Lou O'Neil
OBJECTIVE: Despite the existence of a liberal law on abortion in Turkey, there is growing evidence that actually securing an abortion in Istanbul may prove difficult. This study aimed to determine whether or not state hospitals and private hospitals that accept state health insurance in Istanbul are providing abortion services and for what indications. METHOD: Between October and December 2015, a mystery patient telephone survey of 154 hospitals, 43 public and 111 private, in Istanbul was conducted...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074980/-implications-of-chilean-legal-framework-in-teen-pregnancy-prevention-conflict-and-insecurity-in-health-professionals
#13
Carolina Luttges D, Carolina Leyton M, Ingrid Leal F, Paulina Troncoso E, Temístocles Molina G
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a psychosocial and multifactorial problem described as a lack of exercise of rights in sexual and reproductive health. There are important aspects in the doctor-patient relationship and confidentiality that directly affect the continuity and quality of care. There are controversies in the laws relating to the provision of contraception and confidentiality, and those that protect the sexual indemnity, especially in adolescents under 14 years. AIM: To describe the implications of the legal framework for professional midwives in the care of adolescents younger than 14 years in sexual and reproductive health...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074579/bioethics-in-the-law
#14
Zachary E Shapiro
The role of law in bioethics is clear. Laws are enforcement tools: they govern which conditions qualify an individual for disability benefits, or what oversight is necessary for clinical trial protocols, or how patent applications for medical devices should be regulated. I initially studied the law in order to enhance my work in bioethics, but in examining how the law works, I have become convinced that the converse opportunity also exists: there are many areas of law that would benefit from greater input from those in the bioethics community...
January 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073688/state-legal-innovations-to-encourage-naloxone-dispensing
#15
Corey Davis, Derek Carr
OBJECTIVES: The opioid overdose epidemic continues to claim the lives of tens of thousands of Americans every year. Increased access to the opioid antagonist naloxone can reduce opioid-related morbidity and mortality. In this commentary, we describe several recent legal innovations designed to encourage pharmacists to ensure that naloxone is available when and where it is needed, and dispel some common misconceptions regarding potential legal risks associated with pharmacy naloxone dispensing...
January 7, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071867/identifying-effective-nurse-led-care-transition-interventions-for-older-adults-with-complex-needs-using-a-structured-expert-panel
#16
Lianne Jeffs, Kerry Kuluski, Madelyn Law, Marianne Saragosa, Sherry Espin, Ella Ferris, Jane Merkley, Brenda Dusek, Monika Kastner, Chaim M Bell
BACKGROUND: Nursing plays a central role in facilitating care transitions for complex older adults, yet there is no consensus of the components of nurse-led care transitions interventions to facilitate high quality care transitions among complex older adults. A structured expert panel was established with the purpose of identifying effective nurse-led care transition interventions. METHODS: A modified Delphi consensus technique based on the RAND method was employed...
January 10, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069002/unpacking-early-infant-male-circumcision-decision-making-using-qualitative-findings-from-zimbabwe
#17
Webster Mavhu, Karin Hatzold, Getrude Ncube, Shamiso Fernando, Collin Mangenah, Kumbirai Chatora, Roy Dhlamini, Owen Mugurungi, Ismail Ticklay, Frances M Cowan
BACKGROUND: Early infant male circumcision (EIMC) has been identified as a key HIV prevention intervention. Exploring the decision-making process for adoption of EIMC for HIV prevention among parents and other key stakeholders is critical for designing effective demand creation interventions to maximize uptake, roll out and impact in preventing HIV. This paper describes key players, decisions and actions involved in the EIMC decision-making process. METHODS: Two complementary qualitative studies explored hypothetical and actual acceptability of EIMC in Zimbabwe...
January 9, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068838/traditional-chinese-medicine-and-constitutional-medicine-in-china-japan-and-korea-a-comparative-study
#18
Wenjun Yu, Mingyue Ma, Xuemei Chen, Jiayu Min, Lingru Li, Yanfei Zheng, Yingshuai Li, Ji Wang, Qi Wang
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Japanese-Chinese medicine, and Korean Sasang constitutional medicine have common origins. However, the constitutional medicines of China, Japan, and Korea differ because of the influence of geographical culture, social environment, national practices, and other factors. This paper aimed to compare the constitutional medicines of China, Japan, and Korea in terms of theoretical origin, constitutional classification, constitution and pathogenesis, clinical applications and basic studies that were conducted...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067939/care-strategies-and-therapeutic-pathways-for-chronic-pain-patients-in-abruzzo-region-italy
#19
C Leuter, A Piroli, A Paladini, M Tudini, G Varrassi
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is considered to be among the most disabling and costly diseases in North America, Europe and Australia. A large survey was conducted on chronic pain in Europe, called Pain in Europe. Italy ranks third in Europe in terms of prevalence, with 26% of the population suffering from chronic pain at some point. In 2010 Italy passed Law 38/2010, to ensure treatment for pain control in patients with oncological diseases as well as in patients with chronic non-cancer pain through a network of care services...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060966/health-needs-assessment-for-west-african-immigrants-in-greater-providence-ri
#20
Akosua Boadiwaa Adu-Boahene, Michael Barton Laws, Kwame Dapaah-Afriyie
: African immigrants in the United States may experience barriers to health-care access and effectiveness. This mixed-methods study used paper-based surveys of people (N=101) in the target population from Nigeria, Ghana, and Liberia, recruited through convenience and snowball sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 3 clergy members who pastor churches with large Nigerian, Ghanaian, and Liberian populations, respectively; and five physicians and a clinical pharmacist who serve African immigrants...
January 6, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
keyword
keyword
22840
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"