keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Medical law

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668144/-majority-in-asylum-seekers-and-unaccompanied-minors-practical-aspects-for-an-effective-inter-professional-approach
#1
Thomas Pernin, Dagmar M Haller, Anne Meynard, Françoise Narring
An unaccompanied minor is a young person under 18 years of age separated from both parents and who is not cared for by an adult invested of this responsability by law or the custom. Their number has increased in Switzerland in 2015, prompting medical and social professionals to adapt their care to respond more appropriately to their needs. Specific elements of an initial health check for these young people, transcultural skills and a good knowledge of the network are necessary to provide optimal management...
April 18, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662832/hong-kong-consensus-statements-for-the-management-of-unresectable-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#2
Tom Tan-To Cheung, Philip Chong-Hei Kwok, Stephen Chan, Chin-Cheung Cheung, Ann-Shing Lee, Victor Lee, Hoi-Ching Cheng, Nam-Hung Chia, Charing C N Chong, Tak-Wing Lai, Ada L Y Law, Mai-Yee Luk, Chi Chung Tong, Thomas C C Yau
Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is highly prevalent in Hong Kong due to the high prevalence of chronic hepatitis B infection. Liver cancer is the fourth most common cancer and the third most common cause of cancer death. Due to the high case load, there is a high level of local expertise in treating HCC, and the full spectrum of treatment modalities is available. This document summarizes how these modalities should be used based on the latest evidence. Summary: In 2 meetings held in early 2017, a multidisciplinary group of Hong Kong clinicians, including liver surgeons, interventional radiologists, clinical oncologists, and medical oncologists, met to update local consensus statements for management of HCC...
March 2018: Liver Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658506/-the-relationship-between-indicators-of-drug-users-detection-and-the-population-referral-to-drug-treatment-services
#3
E N Bobkov, L A Mugantseva, V V Kirzhanova
AIM: To examine the relationship between the results of drug users' identification through medical examination for drug intoxication and the rates of primary population' referral for drug treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of the state federal statistical observation for period of 2009-2013 were used. Methods of descriptive statistics and regression analysis were applied. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: It has been established that the identification of drug users during medical examination of citizens for the state of drug intoxication has a statistically significant effect on the population' drug treatment referral rates...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657699/review-on-the-implementation-of-the-islamic-republic-of-iran-about-tobacco-control-based-on-mpower-in-the-framework-convention-on-tobacco-control-by-the-world-health-organization
#4
REVIEW
Mahmood Alimohammadi, Hossein Jafari-Mansoorian, Seyed Yaser Hashemi, Victoria Momenabadi, Seyed Mehdi Ghasemi, Kamaladdin Karimyan
Background: Smoking is the largest preventable cause of death in the world, killing nearly 6 million people annually. This article is an investigation of measures implemented laws in the Iran to study the proposed strategy of control and reduce tobacco use based on the monitor, protect, offer, warn, enforce and raise (MPOWER) policy. Methods: All laws approved by the Parliament along with the instructions on tobacco control prepared by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Ministry of Industry, Mine and Trade were collected and studied...
July 2017: Addiction & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657164/doctor-in-the-family-stories-and-dilemmas-surrounding-illness-in-relatives
#5
Lauren B Smith
This symposium includes twelve personal narratives from physicians with family members or close personal friends with medical illnesses. This issue also includes three commentaries on these narratives by scholars in the fields of bioethics, sociology, and law. The aim of this issue is to explore the benefits and potential harms that may arise when physicians are involved in the care of relatives, a role often fraught with conflicting moral obligations.
2018: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656801/-the-law-of-march-5-2007-and-the-care-of-persons-placed-under-guardianship
#6
Matthieu Modot, Clotilde Rougé-Maillart
The care of persons placed under guardianship has changed considerably since the law of March 5, 2007, as greater autonomy is granted to them. By advocating greater autonomy of protected adults, the French Civil Code is in opposition with the French Public Health Code since the latter states that the systematic consent of the guardian is required in addition to that of the protected adult for so-called general care. In cases of serious injury to bodily integrity, the guardianship judge's opinion must be sought by the guardian...
April 12, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651301/caregiver-experiences-of-public-services-following-child-trauma-exposure-a-qualitative-study
#7
Victoria Williamson, Sarah L Halligan, Bronwyne Coetzee, Ian Butler, Mark Tomlinson, Sarah Skeen, Jackie Stewart
Background: Many children in low and middle income countries (LMIC) are exposed to trauma. Contact with public services are a potential influence on parent-child reactions and coping post-trauma. Little is known about how caregivers perceive these interactions. Methods: The aim of this study was to explore caregivers' experiences of accessing and interacting with public services post-trauma and perceptions of needed improvements to public services in a LMIC context...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649186/current-marijuana-use-by-industry-and-occupation-colorado-2014-2015
#8
Roberta Smith, Katelyn E Hall, Paul Etkind, Mike Van Dyke
The effects of marijuana use on workplace safety are of concern for public health and workplace safety professionals. Twenty-nine states and the District of Columbia have enacted laws legalizing marijuana at the state level for recreational and/or medical purposes. Employers and safety professionals in states where marijuana use is legal have expressed concerns about potential increases in occupational injuries, such as on-the-job motor vehicle crashes, related to employee impairment. Data published in 2017 by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment (CDPHE) showed that more than one in eight adult state residents aged ≥18 years currently used marijuana in 2014 (13...
April 13, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644879/the-executioner-s-shadow-coerced-sterilization-and-the-creation-of-latin-eugenics-in-chile
#9
Sarah Walsh
Scholars such as Nancy Leys Stepan, Alexandra Minna Stern, Marius Turda and Aaron Gillette have all argued that the rejection of coerced sterilization was a defining feature of "Latin" eugenic theory and practice. These studies highlight the influence of neo-Lamarckism in this development not only in Latin America but also in parts of Europe in the first half of the twentieth century. This article builds upon this historiographical framework to examine an often-neglected site of Latin American eugenic knowledge production: Chile...
April 1, 2018: History of Science; An Annual Review of Literature, Research and Teaching
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630024/an-evaluation-of-the-implementation-of-pharmacist-prescribed-hormonal-contraceptives-in-california
#10
Priya Batra, Sally Rafie, Zhiwei Zhang, Amay V Singh, Chloe E Bird, Aparna Sridhar, J Greer Sullivan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives in California after a recent expansion of pharmacists' scope of practice. METHODS: A probability sample of 480 licensed California retail pharmacies (stratified by nonrural or rural location and independent or chain status) was included in a cross-sectional "secret shopper" telephone survey assessing the availability of pharmacist-prescribed hormonal contraceptives and service details...
April 6, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629350/is-the-ghost-surgery-the-subject-of-legal-punishment-in-korea
#11
Seung Eun Hong, Min Ki Hong, Bo Young Park, Kyong Jae Woo, So Ra Kang
Purpose: Recently a controversy has arisen about so-called "ghost surgery" practices, and people have voiced their opinions for legal sanction against such practices, which clearly undermine the foundation of medical ethics. However, there has been a lack of legal basis for punishing those actions. The present study aims to examine which pre-existing legal provisions could be applied to regulate ghost surgery. Methods: The Korean Medical Service Act has a provision relating to informed consent to inhibit ghost surgery but does not include penalty provisions prohibiting ghost surgery itself...
April 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628450/support-for-voluntary-euthanasia-with-no-logical-slippery-slope-to-non-voluntary-euthanasia
#12
Steven Daskal
This paper demonstrates that acceptance of voluntary euthanasia does not generate commitment to either non-voluntary euthanasia or euthanasia on request. This is accomplished through analysis of John Keown's and David Jones's slippery slope arguments, and rejection of their view that voluntary euthanasia requires physicians to judge patients as better off dead. Instead, voluntary euthanasia merely requires physicians to judge patients as within boundaries of appropriate deference. This paper develops two ways of understanding and defending voluntary euthanasia on this model, one focused on the independent value of patients' autonomy and the other on the evidence of well-being provided by patients' requests...
2018: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626630/reefer-madness-or-much-ado-about-nothing-cannabis-legalization-outcomes-among-young-adults-in-the-united-states
#13
Jamie E Parnes, Joey K Smith, Bradley T Conner
In 2012, Colorado became one of the first two U.S. States to legalize cannabis for recreational use for adults 21 and older. Given that cannabis use holds potential physical and mental health risks, particularly among adolescent users, concerns have grown regarding changes in use following this change in policy. Studies examining medical cannabis legalization have found inconsistent changes in cannabis use and prevalence of dependence following medical implementation. However, recreational legalization holds potential unique changes, such as increased availability and social acceptance, as well as decreased price and perceived harm of use...
April 4, 2018: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624792/circumstances-of-suicide-among-individuals-with-a-history-of-cancer
#14
Greta M Massetti, Kristin Holland, Shane P D Jack, Kathleen R Ragan, Natasha Buchanan Lunsford
OBJECTIVE: Cancer can trigger psychological distress, which may be associated with risk of suicide. We explored precipitating circumstances of suicides among decedents with and without a history of cancer. METHODS: Coroner or medical examiner and law enforcement narratives of adult suicides were coded from 17 participating states in CDC's National Violent Death Reporting System during 2004-2013. Bivariate and multivariate analyses examined associations between cancer history and factors that precipitated suicide...
April 6, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623667/a-review-of-the-opioid-epidemic-what-do-we-do-about-it
#15
REVIEW
Edward A Shipton, Elspeth E Shipton, Ashleigh J Shipton
The opioid epidemic, with its noticeable increase in opioid prescriptions and related misuse, abuse and resultant deaths in the previous 12 years, is a particularly North American phenomenon. Europe, and particularly low- and middle-income countries, appear to be less influenced by this problem. There is undisputable value in using opioids not only in the treatment of acute pain, but in cancer pain as well. However, opioids are progressively being prescribed more and more for chronic non-cancer pain, despite inadequate data on their efficacy...
April 6, 2018: Pain and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622286/the-german-emergency-and-disaster-medicine-and-management-system-history-and-present
#16
REVIEW
Norman Hecker, Bernd Dieter Domres
As well for optimized emergency management in individual cases as for optimized mass medicine in disaster management, the principle of the medical doctors approaching the patient directly and timely, even close to the site of the incident, is a long-standing marker for quality of care and patient survival in Germany. Professional rescue and emergency forces, including medical services, are the "Golden Standard" of emergency management systems. Regulative laws, proper organization of resources, equipment, training and adequate delivery of medical measures are key factors in systematic approaches to manage emergencies and disasters alike and thus save lives...
January 31, 2018: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615354/improved-access-to-health-care-in-massachusetts-after-2006-massachusetts-healthcare-reform-law-is-associated-with-a-significant-decrease-in-mortality-among-vascular-surgery-patients
#17
Mohammad H Eslami, Katherine Moll Reitz, Denis V Rybin, Gheorghe Doros, Alik Farber
BACKGROUND: Access to medical care, by adequate insurance coverage, has a direct impact on outcomes for patients undergoing vascular procedures. We evaluated in-hospital mortality for patients undergoing index vascular procedures before and after the Massachusetts Healthcare Reform Law (MHRL) in 2006, which mandated insurance for all Massachusetts residents, both in Massachusetts and throughout the United States. METHODS: The National Inpatient Sample was queried to identify patients undergoing interventions for peripheral arterial disease, carotid artery stenosis, and abdominal aortic aneurysms based on International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification procedural and diagnostic codes...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615052/the-trend-and-features-of-physician-workforce-supply-in-china-after-national-medical-licensing-system-reform
#18
Chengxiang Tang, Daisheng Tang
BACKGROUND: The annual number of newly licensed physicians is an important indicator of medical workforce supply, which can accurately reflect an inflow into the health care market over a period. In order to both regulate medical professions and improve the quality of health care services, China established its medical licensing system from the point of the implementation of 'Law on Practising Doctors' in 1999. The objective of this study is to depict the trend and structure of newly licensed physicians thereafter...
April 3, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614924/parental-consent-and-access-to-oral-health-care-for-adolescents
#19
Susana J Calderon, Caroline Mallory, Michelle Malin
While most states allow minors 12 years and older to consent to services for contraception, prenatal care, or sexually transmitted infections, the same adolescents are required to have parental consent for even preventive oral health care. Many adolescents are denied access to preventive oral health care because of the challenge of securing parental consent for care when parents are unwilling, unable, or unavailable to consent. Our purpose is to examine the barriers to preventive oral health care for U.S. adolescents related to parental consent laws, explore the issues surrounding these laws, and recommend policy changes...
January 1, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610897/association-between-us-state-medical-cannabis-laws-and-opioid-prescribing-in-the-medicare-part-d-population
#20
Ashley C Bradford, W David Bradford, Amanda Abraham, Grace Bagwell Adams
Importance: Opioid-related mortality increased by 15.6% from 2014 to 2015 and increased almost 320% between 2000 and 2015. Recent research finds that the use of all pain medications (opioid and nonopioid collectively) decreases in Medicare Part D and Medicaid populations when states approve medical cannabis laws (MCLs). The association between MCLs and opioid prescriptions is not well understood. Objective: To examine the association between prescribing patterns for opioids in Medicare Part D and the implementation of state MCLs...
April 2, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
keyword
keyword
22840
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"