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Intestinal failure in adult

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888039/total-midgut-volvulus-in-adults-with-intestinal-malrotation-report-of-eleven-patients
#1
H Kotobi, V Tan, J Lefèvre, F Duramé, G Audry, Y Parc
OBJECTIVE: Total small-intestinal volvulus with malrotation (TSIVM) classically presents in the neonatal period; it occurs much less frequently in the adult and is often misdiagnosed. Prognosis is directly related to the degree and duration of intestinal ischemia. Our goal is to describe our experience with TSIVM in the adult, to identify any specific findings and to discuss its management. METHOD: Eleven patients who had undergone surgery for TSIVM at three centers between 1992 and 2012 were included...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875291/independence-from-parenteral-nutrition-and-intravenous-fluid-support-during-treatment-with-teduglutide-among-patients-with-intestinal-failure-associated-with-short-bowel-syndrome
#2
Kishore R Iyer, Marek Kunecki, Joseph I Boullata, Ken Fujioka, Francisca Joly, Simon Gabe, Ulrich-Frank Pape, Stéphane M Schneider, María Nuria Virgili Casas, Thomas R Ziegler, Benjamin Li, Nader N Youssef, Palle B Jeppesen
BACKGROUND: In phase III clinical studies, treatment with teduglutide was associated with clinically meaningful reductions (≥20% from baseline) in parenteral support (PS; parenteral nutrition and/or intravenous fluids) requirements in adult patients with intestinal failure associated with short bowel syndrome (SBS-IF). This analysis reports clinical characteristics of patients who achieved complete independence from PS during teduglutide treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Post hoc analysis of adult patients who achieved complete PS independence during treatment with teduglutide 0...
November 22, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875289/home-parenteral-nutrition-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-failure-catheter-related-complications-over-4-decades-at-the-main-danish-tertiary-referral-center
#3
Christopher Filtenborg Brandt, Siri Tribler, Mark Hvistendahl, Rahim M Naimi, Per Brøbech, Michael Staun, Palle Bekker Jeppesen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Catheter-related complications (CRCs) cause mortality and morbidity in patients dependent on parenteral support at home (HPN) due to intestinal failure (IF). This study describes the incidences of CRCs in an adult IF cohort over 40 years. It illustrates the evolution and consequences of CRCs, their association to demographic characteristics, and potential risk factors in an effort to provide the rationale for preventive precautions to the relevant patients with IF at risk...
November 15, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829181/effect-of-thoracic-epidural-block-on-infection-induced-inflammatory-response-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Asha Tyagi, Anuradha Bansal, Shukla Das, Ashok Kumar Sethi, Aanchal Kakkar
PURPOSE: Epidural block decreases inflammation and oxidative stress in experimental models of sepsis as well as after surgery. There is, however, no clinical evidence evaluating its effect on infection-induced inflammatory process. The present trial evaluated the effect of thoracic epidural block (TEB) on systemic inflammatory response in patients with small intestinal perforation peritonitis. Outcome measures included systemic levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, procalcitonin, and C-reactive protein and postoperative Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment scores...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805515/posttransplant-lymphoproliferative-disorder-manifesting-as-intestinal-epstein-barr-virus-positive-anaplastic-large-cell-lymphoma-in-an-adult-renal-transplant-recipient
#5
Pelin Börcek, B Handan Özdemir, Gonca Özgün, Mehmet Haberal
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a relatively common posttransplant malignancy affecting as many as 10% of all solid-organ recipients. Most cases of posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder are of B-cell origin, with common Epstein-Barr virus association. Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders of T-cell origin are much rarer and less frequently associated with Epstein-Barr virus. Here, we report an unusual case of Epstein-Barr virus-positive anaplastic large-cell lymphoma causing an intestinal perforation in an adult renal transplant recipient...
November 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784959/endocrine-manifestations-in-celiac-disease
#6
REVIEW
Hugh James Freeman
Celiac disease (CD) is an autoimmune small intestinal mucosal disorder that often presents with diarrhea, malabsorption and weight loss. Often, one or more associated endocrine disorders may be associated with CD. For this review, methods involved an extensive review of published English-language materials. In children and adolescents, prospective studies have demonstrated a significant relationship to insulin-dependent or type 1 diabetes, whereas in adults, autoimmune forms of thyroid disease, particularly hypothyroidism, may commonly co-exist...
October 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782890/pediatric-small-bowel-transplantation-a-single-center-experience-from-turkey
#7
Cem Tuğmen, Maşallah Baran, İsmail Sert, Ayşe Berna Anıl, Eyüp Kebapçı, Sait Murat Doğan, Selçuk Kılınç, Gaye Aydın, Ayşe Gülden Diniz, Mustafa Ölmez, İbrahim Pirim, Cezmi Karaca
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Small bowel transplantation (SBTx) is a treatment option for patients with serious parenteral nutrition-related problems in intestinal failure. İzmir Tepecik Training Research Hospital Organ Transplantation Center is still the only pediatric intestinal transplant center in Turkey. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was approved by the local ethics committee. Patients' data were analyzed from the medical charts and the hospital digital database. Seven isolated SBTxs were performed in six children between 2010 and 2016...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781020/stem-cells-in-functional-bladder-engineering
#8
REVIEW
Jakub Smolar, Souzan Salemi, Maya Horst, Tullio Sulser, Daniel Eberli
Conditions impairing bladder function in children and adults, such as myelomeningocele, posterior urethral valves, bladder exstrophy or spinal cord injury, often need urinary diversion or augmentation cystoplasty as when untreated they may cause severe bladder dysfunction and kidney failure. Currently, the gold standard therapy of end-stage bladder disease refractory to conservative management is enterocystoplasty, a surgical enlargement of the bladder with intestinal tissue. Despite providing functional improvement, enterocystoplasty is associated with significant long-term complications, such as recurrent urinary tract infections, metabolic abnormalities, stone formation, and malignancies...
September 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689355/apo-aiv-and-citrulline-plasma-concentrations-in-short-bowel-syndrome-patients-the-influence-of-short-bowel-anatomy
#9
M Dolores López-Tejero, Núria Virgili, Jordi Targarona, Jorge Ruiz, Natalia García, Denise Oró, Judit García-Villoria, Gloria Creus, Ana M Pita
INTRODUCTION: Parenteral nutrition (PN) dependence in short bowel syndrome (SBS) patients is linked to the functionality of the remnant small bowel (RSB). Patients may wean off PN following a period of intestinal adaptation that restores this functionality. Currently, plasma citrulline is the standard biomarker for monitoring intestinal functionality and adaptation. However, available studies reveal that the relationship the biomarker with the length and function of the RSB is arguable...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683392/pediatric-intestinal-failure-associated-liver-disease-challenges-in-identifying-clinically-relevant-biomarkers
#10
Kathleen M Gura, Andrew E Mulberg, Paul D Mitchell, John Yap, Clara Y Kim, Minjun Chen, Alexis Potemkin, Mark Puder
BACKGROUND: Intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD) is complex and diagnosed by concurrent use of parenteral nutrition, clinical presentation, and alterations in hepatic biomarkers exclusive of other causes of liver disease. In comparison with individual measures, composite biomarkers may provide a more effective means for assessing disease progression and response to treatment than single parameters. Since IFALD is considered by some to be a type of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), those diagnostic criteria could potentially be used in this population...
September 28, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638919/concise-review-the-potential-use-of-intestinal-stem-cells-to-treat-patients-with-intestinal-failure
#11
Sung Noh Hong, James C Y Dunn, Matthias Stelzner, Martín G Martín
: : Intestinal failure is a rare life-threatening condition that results in the inability to maintain normal growth and hydration status by enteral nutrition alone. Although parenteral nutrition and whole organ allogeneic transplantation have improved the survival of these patients, current therapies are associated with a high risk for morbidity and mortality. Development of methods to propagate adult human intestinal stem cells (ISCs) and pluripotent stem cells raises the possibility of using stem cell-based therapy for patients with monogenic and polygenic forms of intestinal failure...
September 16, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637870/-quetiapine-and-anticholinergic-drugs-induced-ischaemic-colitis-a-case-study
#12
P Cuny, M Houot, S Ginisty, S Horowicz, F Plassart, H Mentec, P Eftekhari
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to underline the need for systematic monitoring of patients treated with anticholinergic antipsychotic drugs. We present the clinical history of a 34-year-old adult, treated with quetiapine in combination with other drugs with anticholinergic effects. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old male adult had been suffering from bipolar disorder since 2001. He was treated with risperidone, but he was not compliant due to adverse effects, including decreased libido and erectile dysfunction...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574550/apoptotic-pathways-as-a-therapeutic-target-for-colorectal-cancer-treatment
#13
REVIEW
Aman M Abraha, Ezra B Ketema
Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer among adults. The disease begins as a benign adenomatous polyp, which develops into an advanced adenoma with high-grade dysplasia and then progresses to an invasive cancer. Appropriate apoptotic signaling is fundamentally important to preserve a healthy balance between cell death and cell survival and in maintaining genome integrity. Evasion of apoptotic pathway has been established as a prominent hallmark of several cancers. During colorectal cancer development, the balance between the rates of cell growth and apoptosis that maintains intestinal epithelial cell homeostasis gets progressively disturbed...
August 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27433811/safety-and-efficacy-of-teduglutide-gattex-in-patients-with-crohn-s-disease-and-need-for-parenteral-support-due-to-short-bowel-syndrome-associated-intestinal-failure
#14
Bharati Kochar, Millie D Long, Edward Shelton, Lorraine Young, Francis A Farraye, Vijay Yajnik, Hans Herfarth
BACKGROUND: Teduglutide is a GLP-2 analogue indicated for treatment of adults with short bowel syndrome (SBS). Because of the rarity of SBS, real-world safety or efficacy data are not available in patients with Crohn's disease (CD) and SBS treated with teduglutide. AIM: To evaluate teduglutide's safety and efficacy in CD patients with SBS. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at 3 tertiary centers in the United States between 2012 and 2014...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374004/mortality-and-rates-of-graft-rejection-or-failure-following-intestinal-transplantation-in-patients-with-vs-without-crohn-s-disease
#15
Berkeley N Limketkai, Babak J Orandi, Xun Luo, Dorry L Segev, Jean-Frédéric Colombel
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Treatment of Crohn's disease (CD) may require multiple bowel resections that lead to short bowel syndrome. Intestinal transplantation is an effective treatment for short bowel syndrome, but limited data are available on long-term outcomes in CD. We aimed to characterize the long-term risk of rejection, graft failure, and death among CD patients after intestinal transplantation, and compare their outcomes with those of patients without CD. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of adults in the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients who received intestinal transplants in the United States from May 1990 through June 2014...
June 29, 2016: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329694/forensic-features-of-lethal-late-presenting-diaphragmatic-hernias
#16
Melissa Thompson, Stephen Wills, Roger W Byard
Diaphragmatic defects are a relatively common and benign finding in adults which may be congenital or secondarily acquired. The case files at Forensic Sciences South Australia were reviewed over a 10-year period from July 2005 to June 2015 for all adult (>17 years) cases in which diaphragmatic hernias were identified at postmortem examination that had either caused or contributed to death. Five cases were found: age range 49-90 years (average 67.2 years); male:female ratio 2:3. Herniated organs included the stomach (N = 3), small (N = 3) and large intestines (N = 2)...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27323776/home-parenteral-nutrition-in-adult-patients-with-chronic-intestinal-failure-the-evolution-over-4-decades-in-a-tertiary-referral-center
#17
Christopher Filtenborg Brandt, Mark Hvistendahl, Rahim M Naimi, Siri Tribler, Michael Staun, Per Brøbech, Palle Bekker Jeppesen
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Denmark, the public healthcare system ensures patients with intestinal failure (IF) the same rights for a life-saving treatment as patients with other organ failures. This study reports the epidemiological data from the largest Danish IF center. As one of the pioneering centers in treating IF with home parenteral nutrition (HPN), this study documents the HPN evolution and describes the demographics and outcome in one of the world's largest single-center cohorts. METHODS: We included patients with IF discharged with HPN from 1970-2010...
June 20, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234270/eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-an-underdiagnosed-condition
#18
Tarik Alhmoud, Joshua Anspach Hanson, Gulshan Parasher
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EOGE) is a rare idiopathic disease characterized by eosinophil-predominant inflammation of the stomach and/or intestines. Our aims are to determine the epidemiology, clinical features and outcomes of EOGE cases in a tertiary-care hospital. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients with gastrointestinal eosinophilic infiltration from 2004 through 2014. All relevant specimens were reviewed by an expert pathologist. Significant eosinophilic infiltrate was defined as >25 eosinophils/HPF in the stomach or small intestine and >50 eosinophils/HPF in the colon...
September 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122107/home-parenteral-nutrition-associated-thromboembolic-and-bleeding-events-results-of-a-cohort-study-of-236-individuals
#19
S Barco, C B B C M Heuschen, B Salman, M P A Brekelmans, M J Serlie, S Middeldorp, M Coppens
UNLABELLED: Essentials Sparse or outdated studies focus on thrombotic and bleeding risk in home parenteral nutrition (HPN). 236 HPN patients followed at a single center for a total of 684 patient-years were evaluated. Rates of venous thrombosis and major bleeding, and prevalence of vena cava syndrome are provided. Anticoagulants might reduce thrombosis risk, but population-specific safety concerns remain. SUMMARY: Background Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) is necessary for patients with intestinal failure...
July 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109987/after-intestinal-transplantation-kidney-function-is-impaired-by-downregulation-of-epithelial-ion-transporters-in-the-ileum
#20
J Reiner, C-J Hsieh, C Straarup, P Bodammer, H Schäffler, F Graepler, D Stüker, T Kratt, M Linnebacher, S Nadalin, M Witte, A Königsrainer, G Lamprecht
BACKGROUND: Intestinal transplantation is a treatment option for intestinal failure. Although nephrotoxic medication after transplantation is a major cause for posttransplant renal insufficiency, it remains unclear why kidney dysfunction is particularly frequent after intestinal transplantation. METHODS: This study analyzed messenger RNA expression of NHE3, DRA, and CFTR in 404 biopsies obtained between day 2 and 1508 from the terminal ileum of 10 adult intestinal transplant recipients...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
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