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Elbow Fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209448/management-of-post-traumatic-elbow-instability-after-failed-radial-head-excision-a-case-report
#1
Georgios Touloupakis, Emmanouil Theodorakis, Fabio Favetti, Massimiliano Nannerini
Radial head excision has always been a safe commonly used surgical procedure with a satisfactory clinical outcome for isolated comminuted radial head fractures. However, diagnosis of elbow instability is still very challenging and often underestimated in routine orthopaedic evaluation. We present the case of a 21-years old female treated with excision after radial head fracture, resulting in elbow instability. The patient underwent revision surgery after four weeks. We believe that ligament reconstruction without radial head substitution is a safe alternative choice for Mason III radial head fractures accompanied by complex ligament lesions...
January 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205477/radiocapitellar-impingement-after-a-pediatric-type-ii-capitellar-fracture
#2
Chul-Hyun Cho, Beom-Soo Kim, Kwang-Soon Song
We present a case of radiocapitellar impingement caused by osteochondral fragment after type II capitellar fracture. Painful extension limitation of the elbow was treated successfully by diagnostic arthroscopy and mini-open removal of loose body. A displaced type II capitellar fracture in children is extremely rare, but must be carefully diagnosed and treated.
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198550/birth-injuries-to-growth-plates-a-sheep-in-wolves-clothing
#3
Jerrin Varghese, Matthew Teng, Mingqian Huang, Dvorah Balsam
Growth plate injuries (Salter-Harris type 1 or physeal fractures) of the long bones in the newborn are easily misdiagnosed as joint fractures with dislocations due to their nonossified epiphyses on plain radiographs. Diagnosis with musculoskeletal ultrasound (US) is advantageous due to its ability to visualize the nonossified epiphysis. We present two cases of humeral growth plate fractures in newborns, one at the shoulder (proximal humerus) and the other at the elbow (distal humerus). These cases emphasize the importance of quick and noninvasive diagnosis with US to avoid unnecessary intervention...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191366/radiological-and-functional-outcome-of-displaced-colles-fracture-managed-with-closed-reduction-and-percutaneous-pinning-a-prospective-study
#4
Sagar Panthi, Kishor Khatri, Krishna Kharel, Subin Byanjankar, Jay R Sharma, Rahul Shrestha, Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Vipul Vijay
BACKGROUND: Displaced Colles' fractures are treated by manipulation and below elbow cast application. Malunion is a common complication, resulting in pain, mid-carpal instability, and post-traumatic arthritis. Fracture stabilization by percutaneous pinning is a simple, minimally invasive technique that helps prevent displacement of the fracture, thereby minimizing complications. This study aims to assess the amount of collapse after closed manipulation and percutaneous pinning with Kirschner wires (K-wires) and its correlation with the functional outcome of the wrist after union...
January 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185992/lasso-plate-an-original-implant-for-fixation-of-type-i-and-ii-regan-morrey-coronoid-fractures
#5
Pengfei Wang, Yan Zhuang, Zhong Li, Wei Wei, Yahui Fu, Xing Wei, Kun Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Coronoid fractures are notoriously difficult to manage particularly when there is a small fragment. We report a retrospective analysis of our experience with consecutive type I and II Regan-Morrey coronoid fractures using a lasso plate. HYPOTHESIS: Type I and II Regan-Morrey coronoid fractures can be effectively managed using a lasso plate. METHODS: From October, 2011 and December, 2013, 25 patients(21 males and 4 females, mean age 40...
February 6, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180920/injury-mechanism-of-midfacial-fractures-in-football-causes-in-over-40-typical-neurological-symptoms-of-minor-brain-injuries
#6
Volker Krutsch, Markus Gesslein, Oliver Loose, Johannes Weber, Michael Nerlich, Axel Gaensslen, Viktor Bonkowsky, Werner Krutsch
PURPOSE: The injury mechanisms of midfacial fractures may be typical causes of concussion, but hardly any scientific data on midfacial injuries sustained in football are available. Head and brain trauma represent frequent injuries in athletes of different sports that require appropriate treatment by sports and trauma physicians. This study investigated the management of midfacial fractures in football and the association of such fractures with concomitant brain injury. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study lasting 24 months (2012 to 2013), midfacial injuries of football players were analysed with regard to the injury mechanisms, first aid procedures on the field, treatment and return-to-play...
February 8, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178167/intercondylar-fracture-of-the-distal-humerus-in-a-7-year-old-child-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Yuji Tomori, Yoshihiro Sudo, Norishige Iizawa, Mitsuhiko Nanno, Shinro Takai
RATIONALE: Intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus is an extremely rare injury in children, especially in those under 8 years of age. To our best knowledge, there have been 55 reported cases of this fracture type in children in the English literature, 12 of which involved children under 8 years of age. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of intercondylar fracture of the distal humerus in a7-year-old boy fell in a gymnasium, injuring his left elbow. INTERVENTIONS: Closed reduction was initially attempted under fluoroscopic guidance, but anatomic reduction could not be achieved because the fragments were extremely unstable and irreducible...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174223/fall-related-attendance-and-associated-hospitalisation-of-children-and-adolescents-in-hong-kong-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#8
James Chun-Yin Lee, Keith Tsz-Suen Tung, Tim M H Li, Frederick Ka-Wing Ho, Patrick Ip, Wilfred Hing-Sang Wong, Chun-Bong Chow
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to examine the trends and characteristics of fall-related attendance in accident and emergency department (AED) by injury type and the trend in associated average length of stay (LOS) among children and adolescents in Hong Kong. DESIGN: A retrospective approach was adopted. SETTING: AED, involving all local public emergency departments from 2001 to 2012. PARTICIPANTS: 63 557 subjects aged 0-19 years with fall injury record were included in the analysis...
February 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168131/radiological-and-functional-outcome-of-medial-epicondyle-fracture-treated-surgically-in-children-and-adolescents-a-retrospective-study
#9
Sagar Panthi, Kishor Khatri, Krishna Kharel, Raju Vaishya, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Vipul Vijay
PURPOSE: Fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle represent approximately 10% of all pediatric elbow fractures. Surgically treated pediatric fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle were analyzed retrospectively for their epidemiological, clinical, radiological and surgical parameters. The evaluation includes the Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS). METHODS: Twenty-five surgically treated fractures of the medial humeral epicondyle were analyzed...
January 4, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166703/a-muscle-sparing-posterior-approach-to-the-elbow-joint-for-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#10
Ravi Sreenivasan, Pritish Singh, Simon Thomas, Anuj Jain, Harjoban Singh, Shekhar Agarwal
We describe a muscle sparing approach in which the triceps is elevated without injuring the muscle or disturbing its insertion. The entire extensor mechanism is preserved in continuity, thus preventing any extensor weakness. This can be used preferentially in cases of non-union intraarticular distal humerus fractures planned for Total Elbow Arthroplasty.
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166167/stepwise-percutaneous-leverage-technique-to-avoid-posterior-interosseous-nerve-injury-in-pediatric-radial-neck-fracture
#11
Wan-Sun Choi, Kyeong-Jin Han, Doo-Hyung Lee, Ga-Eun Lee, Heon-Ju Kweon, Jae-Ho Cho
OBJECTIVES: To introduce a stepwise percutaneous leverage technique to avoid posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) injury in pediatric patients with radial neck fractures and to evaluate the clinical outcome and the predisposing factors affecting the outcome. DESIGN: Retrospective case series study. SETTING: University level 1 trauma center. PATIENTS: Thirty-four children with a radial neck fracture, who were treated using a stepwise percutaneous leverage technique, were included in the study...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164067/an-uncommon-combination-of-fractures-around-the-elbow-capitellum-fracture-associated-with-radial-head-fracture
#12
Osman Walid, Braiki Meriem, Alaya Zeineb, Naouar Nader, Ben Ayeche Mohamed
INTRODUCTION: The coexistence of fractures of capitulum humeri and radial head in the elbow joint is a rare entity. CASE REPORT: A 30-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital after having sustained a fall on her outstretched right arm. She complained of pain, swelling, and restriction of motion of the right elbow joint. Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs revealed displaced fractures in the capitellum and the radial head. The patient was operated. Fractures were exposed through a lateral (Kocher) incision...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164054/a-very-rare-presentation-of-type-1-monteggia-equivalent-fracture-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-distal-forearm-approach-with-outcome-case-report
#13
Dhananjay Singh, Bhanu Awasthi, Vikas Padha, Sanjay Thakur
INTRODUCTION: We report a case of Type 1 Monteggia equivalent injury with intact radio-capitellar congruity, associated with epiphyseal fracture of distal radius and distal ulna shaft in an 11-year-old boy. There are only a few cases of Monteggia or Monteggia equivalent injury with ipsilateral forearm fractures in children, and injury pattern being reported by us is not only rare but also the only case reported thus far to the best of our knowledge, Sood et al. described Type 1 equivalent with epiphyseal injuries of both radius and ulna Osada et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162882/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-four-part-proximal-humerus-fracture-in-elderly-patients-can-a-healed-tuberosity-improve-the-functional-outcomes
#14
Yong-Min Chun, Doo-Sup Kim, Doo-Hyung Lee, Sang-Jin Shin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether healed tuberosities yield better rotational range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes compared with unhealed tuberosities after reverse shoulder arthroplasty in elderly patients with comminuted proximal humerus fractures. METHODS: This study included 38 patients who underwent reverse arthroplasty because of 4-part proximal humerus fractures; 14 patients had healed tuberosities (group A) and 24 patients had unhealed tuberosities (group B)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162856/lateral-dislocation-of-the-elbow-with-concomitant-lateral-epicondyle-fracture-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Akira Ando, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Masashi Koide, Masahiro Yamashiro, Michimasa Matsuda, Eiji Itoi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162172/-radiographic-and-clinical-assessment-of-supracondylar-humeral-fractures-resulted-from-sports-in-children
#16
Z J Liu, S N Pan, L J Zhang
Objective: To investigate the radiographic and clinical assessment for supracondylar humeral fractures resulted from sports in children. Methods: The medical records of 166 patients with displaced supracondylar humerus fractures treated in Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University from January 2015 to December 2015 were reviewed.The etiology of 56 of 166 cases was relevant to the sports.Medical records of 56 of 166 patients were reviewed, incluidng gender, the mean age of patient at the time of surgery, the mean duration of injury, radiographic assessment based on the anteroposterior (AP) and lateral radiographs of the elbow, neurologic injury, the Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) and the criteria of Flynn...
January 17, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159475/risk-factors-for-reoperation-after-total-elbow-arthroplasty
#17
Donato Perretta, Wouter F van Leeuwen, George Dyer, David Ring, Neal Chen
BACKGROUND: Total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) is a treatment option for arthritic conditions of the elbow and for complex distal humerus fractures in the elderly. Complications are common, however, and rates of survivorship vary. The goal of this study was to describe the factors associated with reoperation and revision after TEA. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed primary TEAs performed at 2 tertiary academic medical centers. We identified 102 primary TEAs in 82 patients by 9 surgeons...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155837/aseptic-destruction-of-the-elbow-joint-after-radial-head-replacement-case-study
#18
Marcin Błoński, Andrzej Boszczyk, Stanisław Pomianowski, Mariusz Urban
Radial head replacement should be a routine treatment in cases of non-reconstructable radial head fractures. With the growing number of radial head arthroplasties, we are going to see more complications related to this procedure. We describe a case of aseptic destruction of the elbow joint, probably related to the release of polyethylene particles from the prosthetic head. Removal of the implant and extensive synovectomy was performed, leading to an excellent clinical outcome with reduction of pain and increase in the range of motion...
November 30, 2016: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153481/percutaneous-reduction-of-proximal-radius-fracture-in-adults-a-12-case-series
#19
Antoine Peyronnet, Clément Marc, Romain Lancigu, Louis Rony, Patrick Cronier, Laurent Hubert
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the head or neck of the radius account for 5% of elbow fractures in adults. Treatment varies between authors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We report a retrospective series of 12 cases of percutaneous reduction of Mason II radial head fracture, without internal fixation. RESULTS: All fractures consolidated, without secondary displacement. There were no postoperative complications. Mean ranges of motion were 136° flexion-extension and 175° pronation-supination...
January 30, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139385/nonoperative-management-versus-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-treatment-of-3-and-4-part-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-older-adults
#20
Troy A Roberson, Charles M Granade, Quinn Hunt, James T Griscom, Kyle J Adams, Amit M Momaya, Adam Kwapisz, Michael J Kissenberth, Stefan J Tolan, Richard J Hawkins, John M Tokish
BACKGROUND: The treatment of 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures in the older adult is controversial. No study has directly compared reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) with nonoperative treatment for these fractures. The purpose of this study was to compare clinical and patient-reported outcomes between RSA and nonoperative treatment groups. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on all 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures treated with either RSA or nonoperative treatment with minimum 1-year follow-up...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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