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Elbow Fracture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909754/dual-plate-fixation-on-distal-third-diaphyseal-fracture-of-the-humerus
#1
Jun-Ku Lee, Yun-Sung Choi, Young-Suk Sim, Dae-Sung Choi, Soo-Hong Han
INTRODUCTION: Displaced unstable distal third fractures of the humeral diaphysis are treated surgically through open reduction and internal fixation. Conventionally, surgeons prefer using long plates for secure fixation; however, we performed short plate dual plating for robust fixation that required a smaller incision and less dissection through an anterior approach. In this study, we report the results of dual plating of fractures of the humeral shaft, with radiographic evidence and clinical analysis...
December 1, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904727/influence-of-early-bisphosphonate-administration-for-fracture-healing-in-patients-with-osteoporotic-proximal-humerus-fractures
#2
Joong-Bae Seo, Jae-Sung Yoo, Jee-Won Ryu, Kun-Woong Yu
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are generally known to adversely affect fracture healing because they inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption. However, some authors argue that bisphosphonates have no adverse effect on the restoration of the mechanical integrity of long bones after fractures. It is unclear whether bisphosphonates can be initiated safely in patients with acute proximal humerus fractures. The aim of this study was to determine whether the early use of a bisphosphonate affects healing and outcomes of osteoporotic proximal humerus fractures treated with a locking compression plate...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904716/is-anterior-bridge-plating-for-mid-shaft-humeral-fractures-a-suitable-option-for-patients-predominantly-involved-in-overhead-activities-a-functional-outcome-study-in-athletes-and-manual-laborers
#3
Abhishek S Mahajan, Young Gun Kim, Jae Hwa Kim, Prashanth D'sa, Azhar Lakhani, Hyun Soo Ok
BACKGROUND: To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of minimally invasive anterior bridge plating (ABP) for mid-shaft humerus fractures in patients predominantly involved in overhead activities (athletes and manual laborers). METHODS: Forty-eight patients fulfilling inclusion criteria were treated with ABP at a level-I trauma center using a 4.5-mm dynamic/locking compression plate and followed for a period of 1 year. Functional outcome was assessed using the Constant, Mayo elbow, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) scores...
December 2016: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904213/functional-outcome-of-intraarticular-distal-humerus-fracture-fixation-using-triceps-sparing-paratricipital-approach
#4
Vishal Yadav, Pulak Sharma, Ashish Gohiya
BACKGROUND: Displaced intraarticular distal humerus fracture has been conventionally treated operatively with various triceps disrupting approaches. These approaches are associated with several complications, such as triceps weakness, nonunion or delayed union of osteotomy, implant prominence, and delayed mobilization of the elbow. We present the functional outcome of intraarticular distal humerus fracture fixation using a triceps-sparing paratricipital approach which allows early elbow mobilization and preserving triceps strength...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900709/double-locking-precontoured-plating-system-for-malunited-fractures-of-the-distal-end-of-humerus
#5
L Tarallo, R Mugnai, M Rocchi, C Rovesta, F Catani
BACKGROUND: Distal humeral malunions are uncommon injuries, often associated with limited elbow motion, pain, instability, weakness, and sometimes ulnar neuritis. The complex anatomy of the elbow joint makes this condition one of the most complex elbow injuries to treat. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients were treated by the same surgeon between 2011 and 2013 using a double-locking precontoured plating system for malunited intra-articular or extra-articular fractures of the distal end of the humerus...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900703/the-treatment-of-distal-third-humeral-diaphyseal-fractures-is-there-still-a-place-for-the-external-fixation
#6
N Tartaglia, G Vicenti, M Carrozzo, A Abate, F Rifino, G Picca, G Solarino, B Moretti
INTRODUCTION: The treatment for humeral diaphyseal fractures is still controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of treating humeral distal third diaphyseal fractures by using external fixation technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively review 65 cases of diaphyseal humeral fractures (31 type A, 23 type B and 11 type C of the AO/OTA classification) treated with external fixation (Orthofix FAD small) between 2008 and 2013...
December 2016: Musculoskeletal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900307/arthroscopic-fixation-of-coronoid-process-fractures-through-coronoid-tunnelling-and-capsular-plication
#7
Paolo Arrigoni, Riccardo D'Ambrosi, Davide Cucchi, Simone Nicoletti, Enrico Guerra
PURPOSE: the purpose of this study is to describe a new arthroscopic technique for reduction and fixation of coronoid process fractures (CPFs) and report clinical and functional results in 4 patients after a 24-month follow-up. METHODS: four patients underwent arthroscopic reduction and fixation of isolated CPFs (acute or non-unions, type I or type II according to the Regan-Morrey classification) performed using a new technique based on coronoid tunnelling and capsular plication...
July 2016: Joints
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894858/elbow-dislocation-with-ipsilateral-fracture-of-the-distal-radius-associated-with-a-brachial-artery-injury-a-new-pathological-condition-of-traumatic-origin
#8
L Trigo Lahoz, C Lamas Gomez, J Sarasquete Reiriz, J de Caso Rodriguez, I Proubasta Renart
Elbow dislocation associated with ipsilateral fracture of the distal radius and a brachial artery injury is an uncommon traumatic entity. The two references of this injury combination appeared in 2015, although both authors did not realise that they were the first two cases published in the medical literature. Although mentioned in the text of the articles, no mention was made of the fracture of the distal radius in the titles. The purpose of this paper is to present three cases with this new traumatic pathological entity, explaining its pathogenetic mechanism, the treatment used, and the results obtained...
November 25, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891411/unusual-presentation-of-radial-nerve-entrapment-with-lateral-humeral-condyle-fracture-a-case-report
#9
Manoharan Muthulingam, Swagat Mahapatra
Lateral humeral condyle fracture is the second most common fracture around the elbow in pediatric age group. Acute neurological deficit as a consequence of nerve injury associated with lateral humeral condyle fractures is very uncommon. We report a rare presentation of a case of lateral humeral condyle fracture in a 13-year-old boy with acute radial nerve palsy. Patient was operated through a modified anterolateral approach to the elbow with, exploration of the radial nerve and internal fixation of the fracture...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886841/management-of-upper-extremity-injury-in-divers
#10
REVIEW
Steven C Haase
Modern competitive diving-especially platform diving-applies dramatic stress to the upper extremity. Some stress occurs during handstand-style takeoffs, but more force is delivered to the hand, wrist, elbow, and shoulder during hands-first entry. Hand positions that minimize the amount of splash result in forceful wrist extension. This repetitive impact can lead to chronic upper extremity pain and acute injuries that require operative intervention. Many divers use taping and bracing to prevent or treat this type of injury, but these are only modestly effective...
February 2017: Hand Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886684/controversies-in-fractures-of-the-proximal-ulna
#11
REVIEW
Christopher M Hopkins, James H Calandruccio, Benjamin M Mauck
The olecranon process, coronoid process, and greater sigmoid notch are important components of the complex proximal ulna. Along with providing bony stability to the ulnohumeral joint, the proximal ulna serves as the attachment site of many important muscles and ligaments that impart soft tissue stability to the elbow joint. Management of proximal ulnar fractures continues to evolve as advances in imaging and anatomic and biomechanical studies have led to improvements in available implants; however, controversies remain, as shown in the current relevant literature...
January 2017: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869630/a-prospective-evaluation-of-opioid-utilization-after-upper-extremity-surgical-procedures-identifying-consumption-patterns-and-determining-prescribing-guidelines
#12
REVIEW
Nayoung Kim, Jonas L Matzon, Jack Abboudi, Christopher Jones, William Kirkpatrick, Charles F Leinberry, Frederic E Liss, Kevin F Lutsky, Mark L Wang, Mitchell Maltenfort, Asif M Ilyas
BACKGROUND: Although adequate management of postoperative pain with oral analgesics is an important aspect of surgical procedures, inadvertent overprescribing can lead to excess availability of opioids in the community for potential diversion. The purpose of our study was to prospectively evaluate opioid consumption following outpatient upper-extremity surgical procedures to determine opioid utilization patterns and to develop prescribing guidelines. METHODS: All patients undergoing outpatient upper-extremity surgical procedures over a consecutive 6-month period had the following prospective data collected: patient demographic characteristics, surgical details, anesthesia type, and opioid prescription and consumption patterns...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863927/concomitant-injury-of-the-annular-ligament-in-fractures-of-the-coronoid-process-and-the-supinator-crest
#13
Tim Leschinger, Lars Peter Müller, Michael Hackl, Martin Scaal, Kay Schmidt-Horlohé, Kilian Wegmann
BACKGROUND: Fractures of the coronoid process or the supinator crest, as well as arthroscopic resection of osteophytes around the coronoid process, can endanger the attachment of the annular ligament (AL) to the proximal ulna. The purpose of this study was to investigate the corresponding insertional areas of the AL within this context. METHODS: In 30 embalmed human cadaveric elbow specimens, the insertional area of the AL at the anterior and posterior margin of the sigmoid notch was characterized...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858838/a-case-report-of-children-s-divergent-dislocation-of-the-elbow-and-review-of-literature
#14
Yongtao Wu, Hai Jiang, Wusheng Miao
BACKGROUND: The divergent dislocation of the elbow is not common in children, and the imaging is difficult and challenging. This often leads to misdiagnosis or inappropriate treatment. The literature has reported a total of 19 cases currently. METHODS: A 10-year-old girl with divergent dislocation of the elbow was admitted in our department in November 2013. When playing basketball, her right elbow was injured on the concrete floor. After injury, her right elbow joint became severely swollen, with obvious deformity...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849326/comparison-of-lateral-versus-triceps-splitting-posterior-approach-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-pediatric-supracondylar-humerus-fractures
#15
Faik Türkmen, Serdar Toker, Kayhan Kesik, İsmail Hakkı Korucu, Mehmet Ali Acar
BACKGROUND: Supracondylar humerus fracture is the most common fracture of the elbow in children. Closed reduction and percutaneous pinning is considered to be the optimal treatment strategy; however, in some instances, open reduction may be necessary. The aim of this retrospective study was to compare clinical and functional results of triceps-splitting posterior versus lateral approach in pediatric supracondylar humerus fracture surgery. METHODS: A total of 38 patients underwent surgery; Group 1 consisted of 30 patients on whom posterior approach was used, while lateral approach was used on the 8 patients in Group 2...
September 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849102/kirschner-wire-fixation-of-salter-harris-type-iv-fracture-of-the-lateral-aspect-of-the-humeral-condyle-in-growing-dogs-a-retrospective-study-of-35-fractures
#16
Filippo Cinti, Guido Pisani, Luca Vezzoni, Bruno Peirone, Aldo Vezzoni
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of Kirschner wires for treatment of fractures of the lateral aspect of the humeral condyle in growing dogs. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 35 elbow fractures (33 dogs) of the lateral aspect of the humeral condyle treated by insertion of multiple transcondylar and one anti-rotational Kirschner wires. Radiographic and clinical re-evaluations were carried out immediately after surgery, at four weeks and, when required, at eight weeks postoperatively...
November 16, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847845/long-term-results-functional-outcomes-and-complications-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-neglected-and-displaced-greater-tuberosity-of-humerus-fractures
#17
Morteza Nakhaei Amroodi, Vahid Behshad, Paniz Motaghi
BACKGROUND: Humerus fractures include 5% to 8% of total fractures. Non-union and delayed union of GT (GT) fractures is uncommon; however they present a challenge to the orthopedic surgeons. Significant controversy surrounds optimal treatment of neglected fractures. The purpose of this article was to perform a comparative study to evaluate the outcomes of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of neglected GT fractures. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the results of surgical intervention in 12 patients with displaced nonunion of GT fractures who were referred to our center...
October 2016: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844160/choice-of-surgical-approach-for-capitellar-fractures-based-on-pathoanatomy-of-fractures-outcomes-of-surgical-management
#18
M R Ravishankar, Malhar N Kumar, Rishikesh Raut
: The understanding of the anatomic configuration of the fractures of the capitellum has enhanced in the last few years, and the classification of these fractures continues to evolve. It is essential to tailor the surgical approaches to these fractures based on the state-of-the-art classifications. Thirty-three patients with fractures of the capitellum were included in this retrospective study. The mean age of the patients was 37.9 years, and the mean follow-up period was 24.6 months...
November 14, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826464/brachial-artery-reconstruction-in-trauma-using-reversed-arm-vein-from-the-injured-upper-limb
#19
Michael J Ramdass, Patrick Harnarayan
BACKGROUND: Brachial artery repair may be technically challenging with a paucity of guidelines. The use arm vein (AV) from the traumatized limb is herein described. METHODS: Data were prospectively collected from 2002 to 2016 on brachial artery injury including age, sex, mechanism/site of injury, and repair technique. Categories included AV and non-arm vein (NAV) groups. One-year outcomes were noted. RESULTS: All 31 cases studied were of men with an age range of 16 to 73 years (mean = 28)...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825706/avulsion-fracture-of-the-supinator-crest-as-an-indication-for-a-sustained-posterolateral-sub-luxation-of-the-elbow-a-case-report-anatomical-evaluation-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
D Broekhuis, J H J M Bessems, J W Colaris
The treatment of elbow injuries can be challenging because of the complexity of both anatomy and pathology. We present a rare traumatic avulsion fracture of the supinator crest of the ulna in a 37-year-old patient. Conservative treatment in a long arm cast for four weeks led to satisfactory results. Reproduction of the fracture on a cadaveric elbow clarified that the avulsed fragment holds the insertion of the lateral ulnar collateral ligament (LUCL). The mechanism of trauma that causes this fracture is a posterolateral (sub) luxation of the elbow, which usually causes the LUCL to rupture, but in rare cases the insertion of this ligament can be avulsed...
November 4, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
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