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Critical care guidelines

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455711/evaluation-of-the-benefits-of-de-escalation-for-patients-with-sepsis-in-the-emergency-intensive-care-unit
#1
Takahiro Niimura, Yoshito Zamami, Toru Imai, Kanako Nagao, Masafumi Kayano, Hidenori Sagara, Mitsuhiro Goda, Naoto Okada, Masayuki Chuma, Kenshi Takechi, Masaki Imanishi, Toshihiro Koyama, Tadashi Koga, Hironori Nakura, Toshiaki Sendo, Keisuke Ishizawa
PURPOSE: Although the 2016 Japanese guidelines for the management of sepsis recommend de-escalation of treatment after identification of the causative pathogen, adherence to this practice remain unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate the benefits of de-escalating treatment for sepsis patients at an advanced critical care and emergency medical centre. METHODS: Based on electronic patient information, 85 patients who were transported to the centre by ambulance, and diagnosed with sepsis between January 2008 and September 2013 were enrolled and evaluated...
2018: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455226/respiratory-support-attitudes-among-pediatric-intensive-care-staff-for-spinal-muscular-atrophy-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Mohamad-Hani A Temsah, Fahad M Al-Sohime, Fahad A Bashiri, Ayman A Al-Eyadhy, Gamal M Hasan, Ali A Alhaboob
OBJECTIVE: To explore therapeutic attitude of healthcare providers practicing in pediatric critical care in Saudi Arabia toward patients with Spinal Muscular Atroph (SMA) Type I, and to explore their awareness about the International Consensus statement for SMA care. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in April 2015 during 6th Saudi Critical Care Conference, targeting physicians and respiratory therapists practicing in Pediatric Critical Care. RESULTS: Sixty participants accepted to participate in this survey...
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452805/perioperative-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-cpet-consensus-clinical-guidelines-on-indications-organization-conduct-and-physiological-interpretation
#3
D Z H Levett, S Jack, M Swart, J Carlisle, J Wilson, C Snowden, M Riley, G Danjoux, S A Ward, P Older, M P W Grocott
The use of perioperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate the risk of adverse perioperative events and inform the perioperative management of patients undergoing surgery has increased over the last decade. CPET provides an objective assessment of exercise capacity preoperatively and identifies the causes of exercise limitation. This information may be used to assist clinicians and patients in decisions about the most appropriate surgical and non-surgical management during the perioperative period...
March 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452361/iui-review-and-systematic-assessment-of-the-evidence-that-supports-global-recommendations
#4
Ben Cohlen, Aartjan Bijkerk, Sheryl Van der Poel, Willem Ombelet
BACKGROUND: IUI with or without ovarian stimulation (OS) has become a first-line treatment option for many infertile couples, worldwide. The appropriate treatment modality for couples and their clinical management through IUI or IUI/OS cycles must consider maternal and perinatal outcomes, most notably the clinical complication of higher-order multiple pregnancies associated with IUI-OS. With a current global emphasis to continue to decrease maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity, the World Health Organization (WHO) had established a multi-year project to review the evidence for the establishment of normative guidance for the implementation of IUI as a treatment to address fertility problems, and to consider its cost-effectiveness for lower resource settings...
February 14, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449443/sex-differences-in-ischemic-heart-disease-advances-obstacles-and-next-steps
#5
Niti R Aggarwal, Hena N Patel, Laxmi S Mehta, Rupa M Sanghani, Gina P Lundberg, Sandra J Lewis, Marla A Mendelson, Malissa J Wood, Annabelle S Volgman, Jennifer H Mieres
Evolving knowledge of sex-specific presentations, improved recognition of conventional and novel risk factors, and expanded understanding of the sex-specific pathophysiology of ischemic heart disease have resulted in improved clinical outcomes in women. Yet, ischemic heart disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in women in the United States. The important publication by the Institute of Medicine titled "Women's Health Research-Progress, Pitfalls, and Promise," highlights the persistent disparities in cardiovascular disease burden among subgroups of women, particularly women who are socially disadvantaged because of race, ethnicity, income level, and educational attainment...
February 2018: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443725/pediatric-anesthesia-after-the-anaesthesia-practice-in-children-observational-trial-study-who-should-do-it
#6
Walid Habre
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review highlights the requirements for harmonization of training, certification and continuous professional development and discusses the implications for anesthesia management of children in Europe. RECENT FINDINGS: A large prospective cohort study, Anaesthesia PRactice In Children Observational Trial (APRICOT), revealed a high incidence of perioperative severe critical events and a large variability of anesthesia practice across 33 European countries...
February 12, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442175/common-models-used-for-inpatient-diabetes-management
#7
REVIEW
Andjela T Drincic, Padmaja Akkireddy, Jon T Knezevich
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes affects about a third of all hospitalized patients and up to 50% of inpatients go on to experience hyperglycemia. Despite strong evidence supporting the importance of adequate glycemic control, as well detailed guidelines from major national organizations, many patients continue to have hypo- and hyperglycemia during their hospital stay. While this may be partially related to provider and patient-specific factors, system-based barriers continue to pose a major obstacle...
February 14, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431364/chronic-kidney-disease-detection-and-evaluation
#8
David Y Gaitonde, David L Cook, Ian M Rivera
Chronic kidney disease affects 47 million people in the United States and is associated with significant health care costs, morbidity, and mortality. Because this disease can silently progress to advanced stages, early detection is critical for initiating timely interventions. Multiple guidelines recommend at least annual screening with serum creatinine, urine albumin/creatinine ratio, and urinalysis for patients with risk factors, particularly diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and a history of cardiovascular disease...
December 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428283/hereditary-cancers-in-gynecology-what-physicians-should-know-about-genetic-testing-screening-and-risk-reduction
#9
REVIEW
Kari L Ring, Susan C Modesitt
Obstetrician gynecologists play a critical role in the identification of women who may carry a germline mutation placing them at an increased lifetime risk of gynecologic and nongynecologic cancers. Given this, all gynecologists must have a basic understanding of the most common hereditary cancer syndromes, the associated cancer risks, and possible risk-reducing interventions to play a proactive role in the care of these women. This article presents general guidelines and potential tools for identification of high-risk patients, reviews the current literature regarding genetic mutations associated with gynecologic malignancies, and proposes screening and risk-reduction options for high-risk patients...
March 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427831/australian-nursing-students-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-pressure-injury-prevention-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Janie Brown, Tamara Power, Jackie Lea, Marie Hutchinson, Carey Mather, Andrea Miller, Annette Saunders, Jane Mills, Lin Zhao, Karen Yates, Marie Bodak, Joanne Southern, Debra Jackson
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess student nurses' knowledge of and attitudes towards pressure injury prevention evidence-based guidelines. BACKGROUND: Pressure injuries are a substantial problem in many healthcare settings causing major harm to patients, and generating major economic costs for health service providers. Nurses have a crucial role in the prevention of pressure injuries across all health care settings. DESIGN: A multi-centered, cross-sectional study was conducted using a paper-based questionnaire with undergraduate nursing students enrolled in seven universities with campuses across five Australian states (Queensland, New South Wales, Western Australia, Victoria and Tasmania)...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422712/performance-feedback-to-increase-use-of-counseling-skills
#11
REVIEW
Jalin K Finai, Karen Muñoz, Clarissa W Ong, Grayson M Butcher, Lauri Nelson, Michael P Twohig
Counseling is a critical component of audiological care and when implemented purposefully can yield multiple benefits for patients. Professional guidelines indicate that counseling is within the scope of practice for audiologists, yet research has shown that audiologists feel unprepared and are not comfortable providing adjustment counseling. This may be due to inadequate counseling training in audiology graduate programs. To identify ways to address this counseling training gap, this study examined the use of performance feedback to increase counseling skills among audiology graduate students...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422154/audit-for-quality-of-care-and-fate-of-maternal-critical-cases-at-women-s-health-hospital
#12
Howieda Fouly, Fayza Ahmed Abdou, Ahmed M Abbas, Ayat Masoud Omar
Maternal deaths remain high, numbers at the facility level are relatively low. AIM: To evaluate effect of management guidelines on occurrence of maternal near miss in Women's Health Hospital. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: ICU of Women's Health Hospital's at Assiut Main University Hospital and Al-fayoum University Hospital. SUBJECTS: Convenient sample of 93 maternal near-miss cases including (Pregnancy or postpartum complications)...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419556/determining-the-upper-and-lower-limits-of-cerebral-autoregulation-with-cerebral-oximetry-autoregulation-curves-a-case-series
#13
Lucia Rivera-Lara, Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Ryan J Healy, Wendy Ziai, Charles Hogue, Romergryko Geocadin, Batya Radzik, Caitlin Palmisano, Marek A Mirski
OBJECTIVE: Critical care guidelines recommend a single target value for mean arterial blood pressure in critically ill patients. However, growing evidence regarding cerebral autoregulation challenges this concept and supports individualizing mean arterial blood pressure targets to prevent brain and kidney hypo- or hyperperfusion. Regional cerebral oxygen saturation derived from near-infrared spectroscopy is an acceptable surrogate for cerebral blood flow and has been validated to measure cerebral autoregulation...
February 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416366/linking-care-of-patients-with-obesity-to-outpatient-weight-control-clinics-following-acute-hospitalizations
#14
Ché M Harris, Lawrence J Cheskin, Trina L Gipson-Jones, Jennifer A Hartfield, Flora Kisuule
Despite obesity impacting over one-third of US adults, guideline recommendations have not been effectively utilized by health care providers in hospital settings. Initiation of weight loss plans for obese patients during hospitalizations followed by linkage of care to weight control centers may improve compliance with the guidelines. Provider recognition and awareness that obesity is a chronic condition that warrants inpatient counsel and management with appropriate arrangement of postdischarge follow-up care will be critical to guideline implementation...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416241/evidence-based-medicine-a-survey-among-perioperative-health-care-professionals-in-india
#15
Reshma Ambulkar, Priya Ranganathan, Vasanth Karthik, Jigeeshu Divatia
Background and Aims: Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is defined as the use of scientifically proven evidence for delivering best possible health care to patients. Despite growing emphasis on the need for EBM-based practice, acceptability, and perceptions toward EBM might differ among health professionals. The objective of this study was to assess the attitude, knowledge, and current practices of EBM among perioperative care health professionals in India. Material and Methods: This was a single point paper-based questionnaire survey carried out in February 2014 among delegates registered for an EBM conference on "perioperative care" held at a Tertiary referral Cancer Centre in India...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415784/peer-reviewed-journal-editors-views-on-real-world-evidence
#16
Elisabeth M Oehrlein, Jennifer S Graff, Eleanor M Perfetto, C Daniel Mullins, Robert W Dubois, Chinenye Anyanwu, Eberechukwu Onukwugha
OBJECTIVES: Peer-review publication is a critical step to the translation and dissemination of research results into clinical practice guidelines, health technology assessment (HTA) and payment policies, and clinical care. The objective of this study was to examine current views of journal editors regarding: (i) The value of real-world evidence (RWE) and how it compares with other types of studies; (ii) Education and/or resources journal editors provide to their peer reviewers or perceive as needed for authors, reviewers, and editors related to RWE...
February 8, 2018: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415550/management-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-under-5-years-through-the-lens-of-health-care-workers-in-two-rural-south-african-hospitals
#17
Moise Muzigaba, Brian Van Wyk, Thandi Puoane
BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread implementation of the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for the management of severe malnutrition in South Africa, poor treatment outcomes for children under 5 years are still observed in some hospitals, particularly in rural areas. OBJECTIVE: To explore health care workers' perceptions about upstream and proximal factors contributing to poor treatment outcomes for severe acute malnutrition in two district hospitals in South Africa...
January 30, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413727/addressing-spirituality-during-critical-illness-a-review-of-current-literature
#18
REVIEW
Barbara S Gordon, Maggie Keogh, Zachary Davidson, Stephen Griffiths, Vanshdeep Sharma, Deborah Marin, Stephan A Mayer, Neha S Dangayach
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of research on spirituality and religiosity in the intensive care setting that has been published since the 2004-2005 American College of Critical Care Medicine (ACCM) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Support of Family in the Patient-Centered Intensive Care Unit with an emphasis on its application beyond palliative and end-of-life care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ACCM 2004-2005 guidelines emphasized the importance of spiritual and religious support in the form of four specific recommendations: [1] assessment and incorporation of spiritual needs in ICU care plan; [2] spiritual care training for doctors and nurses; [3] physician review of interdisciplinary spiritual need assessments; and [4] honoring the requests of patients to pray with them...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412302/integrative-literature-review-sleep-patterns-in-infants-attending-nurseries
#19
Ana Carolina Dantas Rocha Cerqueira, Maria Vera Lúcia Moreira Leitão Cardoso, Tamires Rebeca Forte Viana, Márcia Maria Coelho Oliveira Lopes
OBJECTIVE: To identify evidence available in the literature about sleep patterns of infants attending nurseries. METHOD: An integrative review of studies published in Portuguese, English or Spanish available in full text on LILACS, CINAHL, and PubMed databases. The following descriptors sono, lactente and creches or berçários (in Portuguese) and sleep, infant and childcare or nurseries were used for LILACS, CINAHL and Pubmed, respectively. Nine studies were selected and analyzed...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411044/second-consensus-on-the-assessment-of-sublingual-microcirculation-in-critically-ill-patients-results-from-a-task-force-of-the-european-society-of-intensive-care-medicine
#20
Can Ince, E Christiaan Boerma, Maurizio Cecconi, Daniel De Backer, Nathan I Shapiro, Jacques Duranteau, Michael R Pinsky, Antonio Artigas, Jean-Louis Teboul, Irwin K M Reiss, Cesar Aldecoa, Sam D Hutchings, Abele Donati, Marco Maggiorini, Fabio S Taccone, Glenn Hernandez, Didier Payen, Dick Tibboel, Daniel S Martin, Alexander Zarbock, Xavier Monnet, Arnaldo Dubin, Jan Bakker, Jean-Louis Vincent, Thomas W L Scheeren
PURPOSE: Hand-held vital microscopes (HVMs) were introduced to observe sublingual microcirculatory alterations at the bedside in different shock states in critically ill patients. This consensus aims to provide clinicians with guidelines for practical use and interpretation of the sublingual microcirculation. Furthermore, it aims to promote the integration of routine application of HVM microcirculatory monitoring in conventional hemodynamic monitoring of systemic hemodynamic variables...
February 6, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
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