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Fasted resistance training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142744/-who-has-to-do-it-at-the-end-of-the-day-programme-officials-or-hospital-authorities-airborne-infection-control-at-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-dr-tb-centres-of-karnataka-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Kibballi Madhukeshwar Akshaya, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Abhay Subashrao Nirgude, Anil Singarajipura, Anil G Jacob
Background: Drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) centers admit patients with DR-TB for initiation of treatment and thereby concentrate the patients under one setting. It becomes imperative to assess the compliance of DR-TB centres to national airborne infection control (AIC) guidelines and explore the provider perspectives into reasons for unsatisfactory compliance. Methods: This mixed methods study (triangulation design) was carried out across all the six DR-TB centers of Karnataka state, India, between November 2016 and April 2017...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114534/immediate-effect-of-passive-static-stretching-versus-resistance-exercises-on-postprandial-blood-sugar-levels-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Peeyoosha Gurudut, Abey P Rajan
The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the globe at an alarming rate. In India, more than 61.3 million people have been presently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is possible to control the circulating blood glucose levels by reducing life style risk factors through physical activities comprising of muscle stretches, aerobic training, resistance exercises (REs), yoga, etc. The aim of this study is to identify and compare the immediate effect of passive static stretching (PSS) versus RE on blood glucose level in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084322/inappropriate-use-of-homeostasis-model-assessment-cutoff-values-for-diagnosing-insulin-resistance-in-pediatric-studies
#3
Carrie Fox, Lourdes Bernardino, Jill Cochran, Mary Essig, Kristie Grove Bridges
Background: Assessing pediatric patients for insulin resistance is one way to identify those who are at a high risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus. The homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA) is a measure of insulin resistance based on fasting blood glucose and insulin levels. Although this measure is widely used in research, cutoff values for pediatric populations have not been established. Objective: To assess the validity of HOMA cutoff values used in pediatric studies published in peer-reviewed journals...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065076/effects-of-two-training-modalities-on-body-fat-and-insulin-resistance-in-postmenopausal-women
#4
Sandra Henríquez, Matías Monsalves-Alvarez, Teresa Jimenez, Gladys Barrera, Sandra Hirsch, María Pia de la Maza, Laura Leiva, Juan Manuel Rodriguez, Claudio Silva, Daniel Bunout
Henríquez, S, Monsalves-Alvarez, M, Jimenez, T, Barrera, G, Hirsch, S, de la Maza, MP, Leiva, L, Rodriguez, JM, Silva, C, and Bunout, D. Effects of two training modalities on body fat and insulin resistance in postmenopausal women. J Strength Cond Res 31(11): 2955-2964, 2017-Our objective was to compare the effects of a low-load circuit resistance training protocol and usual aerobic training in postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women with at least 1 feature of the metabolic syndrome were randomly allocated to a low-load circuit resistance training protocol or traditional aerobic training in a braked cycle ergometer...
November 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062575/novel-combined-training-approach-improves-sleep-quality-but-does-not-change-body-composition-in-healthy-elderly-women-a-preliminary-study
#5
Thiago Matheus da Silva Sousa, Bruno Rodrigues, Marco Carlos Uchida, Olivia de Moraes Ruberti, Paulo Adriano Schwingel, Tânia Maria Gaspar Novais, Paula de Lourdes Lauande Oliveira, Fabiano de Jesus Furtado Almeida, Janaína Oliveira Bentivi Pulcherio, Bruno Bavaresco Gambassi
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a novel combined training protocol on sleep quality and body composition of healthy elderly women. The study sample consisted of 8 sedentary elderly individuals with mean (±SD) of 67 (±8) years of age, 96.0 (±7.8) mg/dL fasting blood glucose, 94.4 (±36.1) mg/dL triglycerides, 179.1 (±22.4) mg/dL total cholesterol, 57.2 (±15.7) mg/dL high-density lipoprotein (HDL), 103.1 (±25.2) mg/dL low-density lipoprotein (LDL), 125.3 (±8.4) mmHg systolic blood pressure, and 72...
2017: Journal of Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058241/the-factors-affecting-lower-urinary-tract-functions-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy
#6
Haci Murat Cayci, Sedat Oner, Umut Eren Erdogdu, İdris Nas, Evren Dilektasli, Murat Demirbas
BACKGROUND: We prospectively assessed changes in the lower urinary system functions of women with morbid obesity following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy and the factors affecting these changes. METHODS: Data from 40 females who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy due to morbid obesity (body mass index, BMI ≥ 40 kg/m(2)) between January 2014-2016 at S.B.U. Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital were prospectively evaluated. The presence of comorbidities, onset of obesity, smoking, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, pre and 12-month postoperative weights and BMIs, fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, insulin, homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) test results, overactive bladder survey (OAB-Q) scores, volume of urination, and Qmax values obtained from uroflowmetry studies were recorded and assessed...
October 23, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021828/endurance-exercise-training-decreased-serum-levels-of-surfactant-protein-d-and-improved-aerobic-fitness-of-obese-women-with-type-2-diabetes
#7
Sajjad Rezaei, Mahdieh Molanouri Shamsi, Mehdi Mahdavi, Azadeh Jamali, Jonato Prestes, Ramires Alsamir Tibana, James Wilfred Navalta, Fabrício Azevedo Voltarelli
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a member of the collectin family and is an important component of the pulmonary innate host defense. To find the relationship between exercise training and SP-D in diabetes, we examined the possible effects of a 10-week endurance exercise-training program on serum levels of SP-D, leptin, lipid profile and insulin resistance in obese women with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Twenty-two obese women with T2DM were randomly assigned to either exercise training (ET) or control (C) group...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987237/effect-of-home-based-exercise-intervention-on-fasting-insulin-and-adipocytokines-in-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mi Kyung Lee, Ji-Young Kim, Dong-Il Kim, Dong-Woo Kang, Ji-Hye Park, Ki-Yong Ahn, Hyuk In Yang, Dong Hoon Lee, Yun Ho Roh, Ji-Won Lee, Sang-Hui Chu, Jeffrey A Meyerhardt, Lee W Jones, Nam-Kyu Kim, Justin Y Jeon
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Elevated circulating insulin is associated with increased risk of recurrence and cancer mortality in early-stage colorectal cancer (CRC). We conducted a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of a 12-week home-based exercise program on fasting insulin, adipocytokines, and physical function in CRC survivors. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-three stage II-III CRC patients were randomly assigned to either a home-based exercise (n=62) or standard care control group (n=61) for 12weeks...
November 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964827/movement-velocity-during-high-and-low-velocity-resistance-exercise-protocols-in-older-adults
#9
Darren L Richardson, Michael J Duncan, Alfonso Jimenez, Victoria M Jones, Paul M Juris, Neil D Clarke
The primary aim of the present study was to determine the actual movement velocity of high-velocity, low-load (HVLL) and low-velocity, high-load (LVHL) resistance exercise in a group of older adults. The secondary aim was to examine the differences in velocities produced between male and females. In a crossover study design, four males (age: 67±3years) and five females (age: 68±2years) completed three sets of leg press, calf raise, leg curl, leg extension, chest press, seated row, bicep curl and tricep extension on six separate occasions (three HVLL and three LVHL sessions)...
September 28, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963127/molecular-neuromuscular-and-recovery-responses-to-light-versus-heavy-resistance-exercise-in-young-men
#10
Cody T Haun, Petey W Mumford, Paul A Roberson, Matthew A Romero, Christopher B Mobley, Wesley C Kephart, Richard G Anderson, Ryan J Colquhoun, Tyler W D Muddle, Michael J Luera, Cameron S Mackey, David D Pascoe, Kaelin C Young, Jeffrey S Martin, Jason M DeFreitas, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Michael D Roberts
Recent evidence suggests that resistance training with light or heavy loads to failure results in similar adaptations. Herein, we compared how both training modalities affect the molecular, neuromuscular, and recovery responses following exercise. Resistance-trained males (mean ± SE: 22 ± 2 years, 84.8 ± 9.0 kg, 1.79 ± 0.06 m; n = 15) performed a crossover design of four sets of leg extensor exercise at 30% (light RE) or 80% (heavy RE) one repetition maximum (1RM) to repetition failure, and heavy RE or light RE 1 week later...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959911/short-term-interval-training-alters-brain-glucose-metabolism-in-subjects-with-insulin-resistance
#11
Sanna M Honkala, Jarkko Johansson, Kumail K Motiani, Jari-Joonas Eskelinen, Kirsi A Virtanen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Juhani Knuuti, Pirjo Nuutila, Kari K Kalliokoski, Jarna C Hannukainen
Brain insulin-stimulated glucose uptake (GU) is increased in obese and insulin resistant subjects but normalizes after weight loss along with improved whole-body insulin sensitivity. Our aim was to study whether short-term exercise training (moderate intensity continuous training (MICT) or sprint interval training (SIT)) alters substrates for brain energy metabolism in insulin resistance. Sedentary subjects ( n = 21, BMI 23.7-34.3 kg/m(2), age 43-55 y) with insulin resistance were randomized into MICT ( n = 11, intensity≥60% of VO2peak) or SIT ( n = 10, all-out) groups for a two-week training intervention...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943861/a-practical-and-time-efficient-high-intensity-interval-training-program-modifies-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-adults-with-risk-factors-for-type-ii-diabetes
#12
Bethan E Phillips, Benjamin M Kelly, Mats Lilja, Jesús Gustavo Ponce-González, Robert J Brogan, David L Morris, Thomas Gustafsson, William E Kraus, Philip J Atherton, Niels B J Vollaard, Olav Rooyackers, James A Timmons
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity (PA) can reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, but adherence to time-orientated (150 min week(-1) or more) PA guidelines is very poor. A practical and time-efficient PA regime that was equally efficacious at controlling risk factors for cardio-metabolic disease is one solution to this problem. Herein, we evaluate a new time-efficient and genuinely practical high-intensity interval training (HIT) protocol in men and women with pre-existing risk factors for type 2 diabetes...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879161/implementation-of-quality-management-systems-and-progress-towards-accreditation-of-national-tuberculosis-reference-laboratories-in-africa
#13
Heidi Albert, Jean de Dieu Iragena, Kekeletso Kao, Donatelle Erni, Teferi Mekonen, Philip C Onyebujoh
BACKGROUND: Laboratory services are essential at all stages of the tuberculosis care cascade, from diagnosis and drug resistance testing to monitoring response to treatment. Enabling access to quality services is a challenge in low-resource settings. Implementation of a strong quality management system (QMS) and laboratory accreditation are key to improving patient care. OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the status of QMS implementation and progress towards accreditation of National Tuberculosis Reference Laboratories (NTRLs) in the African Region...
2017: African Journal of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846611/high-intensity-exercise-can-it-protect-you-from-a-fast-food-diet
#14
Christian Duval, Marc-Antoine Rouillier, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Antony D Karelis
The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of high intensity exercise to counteract the deleterious effects of a fast food diet on the cardiometabolic profile of young healthy men. Fifteen men were subjected to an exclusive fast food diet from a popular fast food restaurant chain (three extra value meals/day + optional snack) for 14 consecutive days. Simultaneously, participants were asked to perform each day high intensity interval training (HIIT) (15 × 60 sec sprint intervals (~90% of maximal heart rate)) on a treadmill...
August 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832427/resistance-training-reduces-inflammation-and-fatigue-and-improves-physical-function-in-older-breast-cancer-survivors
#15
Monica C Serra, Alice S Ryan, Heidi K Ortmeyer, Odessa Addison, Andrew P Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: Resistance training (RT) reduces fatigue and improves physical function and quality of life (QOL) in breast cancer survivors (BCS). This may be related to reductions in systemic and tissue-specific inflammation. This pilot study examines the hypothesis that RT induces changes in systemic and tissue-specific inflammation that contribute to improvements in physical and behavioral function in postmenopausal BCS. METHODS: Eleven BCS (60 ± 2 years old, body mass index 30 ± 1 kg/m, mean ± SEM) underwent assessments of fatigue (Piper Fatigue Scale), physical function, QOL (SF-36), glucose and lipid metabolism, and systemic, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue inflammation (n = 9) before and after 16 weeks of moderate-intensity whole-body RT...
August 21, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816922/nil-whey-protein-effect-on-glycaemic-control-after-intense-mixed-mode-training-in-t2d
#16
Kim A Gaffney, Adam Lucero, Lee Stoner, James Faulkner, Patricia Whitfield, Jeremy Krebs, David S Rowlands
While intense endurance and resistance exercise training and whey protein supplementation have both been shown to independently improve glycaemic control, no known studies have examined the effect of high-intensity mixed-mode interval training (MMIT) and whey supplementation in adults with Type-2 diabetes (T2D). PURPOSE: To determine if peri-training whey protein supplementation combined with MMIT can improve glycaemic control. METHODS: In a double-blind randomised controlled trial, 24 men (55...
August 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811774/effects-of-supervised-structured-aerobic-exercise-training-program-on-fasting-blood-glucose-level-plasma-insulin-level-glycemic-control-and-insulin-resistance-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Syed Shakil-Ur-Rehman, Hossein Karimi, Syed Amir Gillani
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of supervised structured aerobic exercise training (SSAET) program on fasting blood glucose level (FBGL), plasma insulin level (PIL), glycemic control (GC), and insulin resistance (IR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Riphah Rehabilitation and Research Centre (RRRC) was the clinical setting for this randomized controlled trial, located at Pakistan Railways General Hospital (PRGH), Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Study duration was 18 months from January 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804047/effect-of-resistance-training-volume-on-walking-speed-performance-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Paulo R P Nunes, Anselmo A Oliveira, Fernanda M Martins, Aletéia P Souza, Fábio L Orsatti
Low muscle strength and high abdominal fatness play an important role in fast and usual walking speeds decrement in postmenopausal women (PW). Low-volume resistance training (RT) improves muscle strength. However, high-volume RT has shown to improve muscle strength and abdominal fatness in PW. Thus, high-volume RT would elicit greater improvement in fast and usual walking speeds than low-volume RT. OBJECTIVE: To confirm whether the high-volume RT is better than the low-volume RT, we performed a randomized controlled trial (clinical trial registration: RBR-8SBBVP) study to investigated the effects of two different RT volumes (three sets vs...
August 10, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803675/the-yale-fitness-intervention-trial-in-female-cancer-survivors-cardiovascular-and-physiological-outcomes
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
M Tish Knobf, Sangchoon Jeon, Barbara Smith, Lyndsay Harris, Siobhan Thompson, Mitchel R Stacy, Karl Insogna, Albert J Sinusas
BACKGROUND: Induced premature menopause and cardio-toxic therapy increase cardiovascular disease risk in female cancer survivors. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 12 month aerobic-resistance fitness center intervention to home based physical activity on cardiovascular function and metabolic risk factors. METHODS: Subjects (N = 154) who had completed primary and/or adjuvant chemotherapy (past 3 years) were randomized to a fitness center intervention or a home based group...
September 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793243/few-shot-learning-in-deep-networks-through-global-prototyping
#20
Sebastian Blaes, Thomas Burwick
Training a deep convolution neural network (CNN) to succeed in visual object classification usually requires a great number of examples. Here, starting from such a pre-learned CNN, we study the task of extending the network to classify additional categories on the basis of only few examples ("few-shot learning"). We find that a simple and fast prototype-based learning procedure in the global feature layers ("Global Prototype Learning", GPL) leads to some remarkably good classification results for a large portion of the new classes...
July 24, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
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