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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628884/proteomics-profiling-reveals-inflammatory-biomarkers-of-antidepressant-treatment-response-findings-from-the-co-med-trial
#1
Bharathi S Gadad, Manish K Jha, Bruce D Grannemann, Taryn L Mayes, Madhukar H Trivedi
Animal and human studies suggest an association between depression and aberrant immune response. Further, common inflammatory markers may change during the course of antidepressant treatment in patients. The objective of this study was to evaluate changes in inflammatory markers and clinical outcomes from subjects enrolled in the Combining Medications to Enhance Depression Outcome (CO-MED) trial. At baseline and week 12 (treatment completion), plasma samples of 102 participants were analyzed via a multiplex assay comprised of inflammatory markers using a 27-plex standard assay panel plus a 4-plex human acute phase xMAP technology based platform...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623253/c-c-chemokine-ligand-5-is-critical-for-facilitating-macrophage-infiltration-in-the-early-phase-of-liver-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#2
Chiou-Mei Lee, Hsin-Hsin Peng, Polung Yang, Jiin-Tarng Liou, Chia-Chih Liao, Yuan-Ji Day
CCL5/RANTES, a chemoattractant for myeloid cells, is induced by hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). The roles of CCL5 in hepatic IRI were carried out by means of CCL5 immunodepletion, antagonistic competition by Met-CCL5, and treatment with recombinant murine CCL5 (rmCCL5). Depletion or inhibition of CCL5 reduced severity of hepatic IRI, whereas rmCCL5 treatment aggravated liver IRI as manifested in elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and tissue myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels. Moreover, IRI severity was reduced in CCL5-knockout (CCL5-KO) mice versus wildtype (WT) mice, with drops in serum ALT level, intrahepatic MPO activity, and histological pathology...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621671/association-study-of-inflammatory-cytokine-and-chemokine-expression-in-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#3
Wenzhong Shang, Suying Qian, Lijuan Fang, Yong Han, Cuiping Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of cytokine/chemokine expression with the clinical presentation of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). RESULTS: All cytokine/chemokine levels were higher in severe HFMD patients than in mild HFMD patients or controls (P < 0.01). RANTES, MCP-1, IL-4, IL-12 and IL-18 levels were higher in mild HFMD patients than in the controls (P < 0.05). In severe HFMD, all levels (except IL-8 and IL-4) were higher in patients with encephalitis plus pulmonary edema than in those with encephalitis alone (P < 0...
June 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617371/-cognitive-dysfunction-and-content-of-inflammatory-markers-in-patients-after-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#4
D A Ovchinnikov, D D Amosov, E A Vorobyov, V V Garnyuk, P P Beltiukov, V K Grebennik, M L Gordeev, E R Barantsevich
AIM: To study the relationship between the content of inflammatory biomarkers and cognitive function in patients after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) performed in condition of artificial blood circulation (ABC) or open-heart surgery (OHS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with ischemic heart disease who survived CABG, mean age 62.4±6.2 years, were studied. The ABC group (n=18) and OHS group (n=11) were matched for age and sex. Patients underwent standard clinical examination as well as neurological examination and neuropsychological testing...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617070/oral-subchronic-exposure-to-silver-nanoparticles-causes-renal-damage-through-apoptotic-impairment-and-necrotic-cell-death
#5
Ratnakar Tiwari, Radha Dutt Singh, Hafizurrahman Khan, Siddhartha Gangopadhyay, Sandeep Mittal, Vikas Singh, Nidhi Arjaria, Jai Shankar, Somendu Kumar Roy, Dhirendra Singh, Vikas Srivastava
Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are one of the most widely used nanomaterials. Following oral exposure, AgNPs can accumulate in various organs including kidneys where they show gender specific accumulation. There is limited information on their effect on renal system following long-term animal exposure especially at the ultramicroscopic and molecular level. In this study, we have assessed the effect of 60 days oral AgNPs treatment on kidneys of female Wistar rats at doses of 50 ppm and 200 ppm that are below previously reported lowest observed adverse effect level (LOAEL)...
June 15, 2017: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610607/resveratrol-distinctively-modulates-the-inflammatory-profiles-of-immune-and-endothelial-cells
#6
Joseph Schwager, Nathalie Richard, Franziska Widmer, Daniel Raederstorff
BACKGROUND: The phenolic substance resveratrol (RES) is a plant metabolite known to modulate numerous physiological functions and to exert beneficial effects as a cancer-chemopreventing agent and on neurological, hepatic, and cardiovascular systems. Since the compound affects the lifespan of yeast and flies it might be an anti-aging substance. Mechanistically, RES is involved in down regulating the inflammatory response. The pleiotropic effects of RES in cells of the immune and endothelial system were examined in this study...
June 13, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596293/the-uncoupling-of-autophagy-and-zinc-homeostasis-in-airway-epithelial-cells-as-a-fundamental-contributor-to-copd
#7
Eugene Roscioli, Hai Bac Tran, Hubertus Jersmann, Phan Tien Nguyen, Emily Hopkins, Susan Elizabeth Lester, Nigel Farrow, Peter D Zalewski, Paul N Reynolds, Sandra Hodge
The proper regulation of Zinc (Zn) trafficking proteins and the cellular distribution of Zn is critical for the maintenance of autophagic processes. However, there have been no studies which have examined Zn dyshomeostasis and the disease-related modulation of autophagy observed in the airways afflicted with COPD. We hypothesized that dysregulated autophagy in airway epithelial cells (AEC) is related to Zn dysregulation in cigarette smoke (CS)-induced COPD. We applied a human ex vivo air-liquid interface model, a murine model of smoke-exposure, and human lung tissues, and investigated Zn, ZIP1 and ZIP2 Zn-influx proteins, autophagy (Microtubule-associated 1A/1B-light chain-3 (LC3), Beclin-1), autophagic flux (Sequestosome), apoptosis (Bcl2; X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis (XIAP), Poly (ADP)-ribose Polymerase (PARP)), and inflammation (TSLP, RANTES, and IL-1β)...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592115/identification-of-chemokine-cxcl10-in-tumor-microenvironment-by-antibody-array-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#8
L Li, Y H Zhu, Y Li, X Y Guan
Immunological microenvironment is not only composed of multiple immune cells, but also deposited various inflammation factors that regulate immune response to tumor cells. To ascertain the crucial immune factors presented in hepatocellular carcinoma microenvironment (HCM), tumor tissue culture supernatant (TCS) and the corresponding non-tumor tissue culture supernatant (NCS) from patient with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were analyzed by antibody array technology. Among the inflammation-associated cytokines assayed, high level of chemokines CXCL8/IL-8 (6...
June 8, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587510/effects-of-fluticasone-furoate-nasal-spray-on-parameters-of-eosinophilic-inflammation-in-patients-with-nasal-polyposis-and-perennial-allergic-rhinitis
#9
Cveta Špadijer Mirković, Aleksandar Perić, Biserka Vukomanović Đurđević, Danilo Vojvodić
OBJECTIVES: Regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) and eotaxin-2 have been postulated to be responsible for eosinophilia in chronically inflamed nasal mucosa. This study evaluated mucosal production of RANTES and eotaxin-2 in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) and nonallergic and allergic form of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) before and after nasal corticosteroid treatment. METHODS: Twenty patients with PAR, 20 nonallergic and 20 allergic CRSwNP patients, and 20 healthy controls were included...
June 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569153/aberrant-monocyte-responses-predict-and-characterize-dengue-virus-infection-in-individuals-with-severe-disease
#10
Yean K Yong, Hong Y Tan, Soe Hui Jen, Esaki M Shankar, Santha K Natkunam, Jameela Sathar, Rishya Manikam, Shamala D Sekaran
BACKGROUND: Currently, several assays can diagnose acute dengue infection. However, none of these assays can predict the severity of the disease. Biomarkers that predicts the likelihood that a dengue patient will develop a severe form of the disease could permit more efficient patient triage and allows better supportive care for the individual in need, especially during dengue outbreaks. METHODS: We measured 20 plasma markers i.e. IFN-γ, IL-10, granzyme-B, CX3CL1, IP-10, RANTES, CXCL8, CXCL6, VCAM, ICAM, VEGF, HGF, sCD25, IL-18, LBP, sCD14, sCD163, MIF, MCP-1 and MIP-1β in 141 dengue patients in over 230 specimens and correlate the levels of these plasma markers with the development of dengue without warning signs (DWS-), dengue with warning signs (DWS+) and severe dengue (SD)...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557056/spinal-set7-9-may-contribute-to-the-maintenance-of-cancer-induced-bone-pain-in-mice
#11
Li-Hua Hang, Zhen-Kai Xu, Shi-You Wei, Wei-Wei Shu, Hong Luo, Jian Chen
Cancer-induced bone pain (CIBP) profoundly influences patients' quality of life. Exploring the mechanisms by which CIBP occurs is essential for developing efficacious therapies. Various studies have shown that proinflammatory factors were involved in CIBP. SET domain containing lysine methyltransferase 7/9 (SET7/9) may modulate the expression of NF-κB-dependent proinflammatory genes in vitro. However, whether SET7/9 may participate in the maintenance of CIBP remains unknown. In this study, NCTC 2472 cells were inoculated into the intramedullary space of the femur to establish a mouse model of CIBP...
May 29, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555541/avian-influenza-virus-a-h7n9-infects-multiple-mononuclear-cell-types-in-peripheral-blood-and-induces-dysregulated-cytokine-responses-and-apoptosis-in-infected-monocytes
#12
Andrew C Y Lee, Kelvin K W To, Houshun Zhu, Hin Chu, Can Li, Winger W N Mak, Anna J X Zhang, Kwok-Yung Yuen
Most patients with avian influenza A H7N9 virus (H7N9) infection suffer from severe illness, accompanied by dysregulated cytokine/chemokine response, delayed viral clearance and impaired neutralizing antibody response. Here, we evaluated the role of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in the pathogenesis of H7N9 infection using an ex vivo infection model. H7N9 infected a significantly higher percentage of PBMCs (23.9 %) than those of avian influenza A H5N1 virus (H5N1) (12.3 %) and pandemic H1N1 virus (pH1N1) (5...
May 30, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553016/urinary-levels-of-il-1%C3%AE-and-gdnf-in-preterm-neonates-as-potential-biomarkers-of-motor-development-a-prospective-study
#13
Rafael Coelho Magalhães, Janaina Matos Moreira, Érica Leandro Marciano Vieira, Natália Pessoa Rocha, Débora Marques Miranda, Ana Cristina Simões E Silva
Objectives. To evaluate the association between inflammatory biomarkers, neurotrophic factors, birth conditions, and the presence of motor development abnormalities in preterm neonates. Methods. Plasma and urinary levels of cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, TNF, and IL-12p70), chemokines (CXCL8/IL-8, CCL2/MCP-1, CCL5/RANTES, CXCL10/IP-10, and CXCL9/MIG), and neurotrophic factors (BDNF and GDNF) were evaluated in 40 preterm neonates born between 28 and 32 incomplete weeks of gestation, at four distinct time points: at birth (umbilical cord blood) (T0), at 48 (T1), at 72 hours (T2), and at 3 weeks after birth (T3)...
2017: Mediators of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529481/topical-ophthalmic-formulation-of-trichostatin-a-and-surr9-c84a-for-quick-recovery-post-alkali-burn-of-corneal-haze
#14
Kislay Roy, Chun Hei Antonio Cheung, Rupinder K Kanwar, Rajat Sandhir, Jagat R Kanwar
Alkali burn injury is a true ocular emergency of the conjunctiva and cornea that requires immediate precision. Lack of an immediate therapy can lead to a substantial damage in the ocular surface and anterior segment further causing visual impairment and disfigurement. We explored the regenerative capability of dominant negative survivin protein (SurR9-C84A) and histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin-A (TSA) in vivo, in a rat alkali burn model. A topical insult in rat eyes with NaOH led to degradation of the conjunctival and corneal epithelium...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521301/activation-of-signal-transducer-and-activator-of-transcription-3-stat3-signaling-in-egfr-mutant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc
#15
Carles Codony-Servat, Jordi Codony-Servat, Niki Karachaliou, Miguel Angel Molina, Imane Chaib, Jose Luis Ramirez, Maria de Los Llanos Gil, Flavio Solca, Trever G Bivona, Rafael Rosell
Gefitinib, erlotinib or afatinib are the current treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an activating mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), but less than 5% of patients achieve a complete response and the median progression-free survival is no longer than 12 months. Early adaptive resistance can occur as soon as two hours after starting treatment by activating signal transducer and activation of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling. We investigated the activation of STAT3 in a panel of gefitinib-sensitive EGFR mutant cell lines, and gefitinib-resistant PC9 cell lines developed in our laboratory...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515692/wu-tou-decoction-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-integrating-network-pharmacology-and-in-vivo-pharmacological-evaluation
#16
Qingqing Guo, Kang Zheng, Danping Fan, Yukun Zhao, Li Li, Yanqin Bian, Xuemei Qiu, Xue Liu, Ge Zhang, Chaoying Ma, Xiaojuan He, Aiping Lu
Purpose: This study aimed to explore underlying action mechanism of Wu-Tou decoction (WTD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through network pharmacology prediction and experimental verification. Methods: Chemical compounds and human target proteins of WTD as well as RA-related human genes were obtained from TCM Database @ Taiwan, PubChem and GenBank, respectively. Subsequently, molecular networks and canonical pathways presumably involved in the treatment of WTD on RA were generated by ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) software...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507952/comparison-of-growth-and-the-cytokines-induced-by-pathogenic-yersinia-enterocolitica-bio-serotypes-3-o-3-and-2-o-9
#17
Haoshu Yang, Wenpeng Gu, Haiyan Qiu, Guixiang Sun, Junrong Liang, Kewei Li, Yuchun Xiao, Ran Duan, Huaiqi Jing, Xin Wang
Pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica is widely distributed in China where the primary bio-serotypes are 3/O: 3 and 2/O: 9. Recently, the distribution of 2/O: 9 strains are being gradually replaced by 3/O: 3 strains where presently 3/O: 3 strains are the major pathogenic Y. enterocolitica in China. To identify the growth conditions and cytokines induced by Y. enterocolitica and providing some clues for this shift, we performed competitive growth in vitro and in vivo for these two bio-serotype strains; and we also compared the cytokines induced by them in infected BALB/C mice...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507805/generation-and-functional-characterization-of-mdsc-like-cells
#18
Annkristin Heine, Stefanie Andrea Erika Held, Jonas Schulte-Schrepping, Julia Friederike Andrea Wolff, Kathrin Klee, Thomas Ulas, Niklas Arndt Schmacke, Solveig Nora Daecke, Kati Riethausen, Joachim L Schultze, Peter Brossart
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are critical in regulating immune responses by suppressing antigen presenting cells (APC) and T cells. We previously observed that incubation of peripheral blood monocytes with interleukin (IL)-10 during their differentiation to monocyte-derived dendritic cells (moDCs) results in the generation of an APC population with a CD14(+)HLA-DR(low)phenotype (IL-10-APC) with reduced stimulatory capacity similar to human MDSC. Co-incubation experiments now revealed that the addition of IL-10-APC to moDC caused a reduction of DC-induced T-cell proliferation, of the expression of maturation markers, and of secreted cytokines and chemokines such as TNF-α, IL-6, MIP-1α and Rantes...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505356/distinct-th1-and-th2-cellular-responses-associated-with-malaria-protection-and-risk-in-rts-s-as01e-vaccinees
#19
Gemma Moncunill, Maxmillian Mpina, Augusto J Nhabomba, Ruth Aguilar, Aintzane Ayestaran, Héctor Sanz, Joseph J Campo, Chenjerai Jairoce, Diana Barrios, Yan Dong, Núria Díez-Padrisa, José F Fernandes, Salim Abdulla, Jahit Sacarlal, Nana A Williams, Jaroslaw Harezlak, Benjamin Mordmüller, Selidji T Agnandji, John J Aponte, Claudia Daubenberger, Clarissa Valim, Carlota Dobaño
Background.: The RTS,S/AS01E malaria vaccine has moderate efficacy, lower in infants than children. Current efforts to enhance RTS,S/AS01E efficacy would benefit from learning about the vaccine-induced immunity and identifying correlates of malaria protection, which could, for instance, inform the choice of adjuvants. Here, we sought cellular immunity-based correlates of malaria protection and risk associated with RTS,S/AS01E vaccination. Methods.: We performed a matched case-control study nested within the multicenter African RTS,S/AS01E Phase III trial...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489854/functional-and-phenotypic-evaluation-of-eosinophils-from-patients-with-the-acute-form-of-paracoccidioidomycosis
#20
Fernanda Gambogi Braga, Luciana Pereira Ruas, Ricardo Mendes Pereira, Xinaida Taligare Lima, Edson Antunes, Ronei Luciano Mamoni, Maria Heloisa Souza Lima Blotta
BACKGROUND: Eosinophilia is a typical finding of the acute/juvenile form of paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a systemic mycosis endemic in Latin America. This clinical form is characterized by depressed cellular immune response and production of Th2 cytokines. Moreover, it has been shown that the increased number of eosinophils in peripheral blood of patients returns to normal values after antifungal treatment. However, the role of eosinophils in PCM has never been evaluated. This study aimed to assess the phenotypic and functional characteristics of eosinophils in PCM...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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