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Guang-Tong Chen, Min Yang, Bing-Bing Chen, Yan Song, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhang
2,3,5,4'-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-d-glucoside (TSG), an active component from the functional and medicinal herb Polygonum multiflorum Thunb, has the capacity of blocking angiotensin II (ANG II) signaling, a pathway within the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) which plays a critical role in the development of diabetic nephropathy (DN), and blockade of the RAS is currently used for the treatment of DN. Here we investigated the beneficial effect of TSG therapy on renal damage in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes model...
October 17, 2016: Food & Function
Naveen Surendran, Ted Nicolosi, Michael Pichichero
We recently identified a population of 10% of infants who respond with sub-protective antibody levels to most routine primary pediatric vaccinations due to altered innate and adaptive immune responses. We term these infants as low vaccine responders (LVRs). Here we report new data showing that TLR7/8 agonist - R848 stimulation of PBMCs of LVR infants elicit significantly lower IFN-α, IL-12p70 and IL-1β, while inducing higher levels of CCL5 (RANTES) compared to normal vaccine responder (NVR) infants.
October 13, 2016: Vaccine
Yushan Chen, Shanshan Zhou, Kexin Hua, Hongde Xiao, Zili Li, Mei Liu, Rui Luo, Dingren Bi, Rui Zhou, Hui Jin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Molecular Immunology
Yanlong Qu, Li Zhou, Chunlei Wang
Platycodin D (PYD), a major saponin derived and isolated from the roots of Platycodon grandiflorum, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of PYD on IL-1β-stimulated human osteoarthritis chondrocytes. Chondrocytes were treated with PYD 1h before IL-1β treatment. The levels of MMP1, MMP13, IL-8, RANTES, PGE2, and NO were measured in this study. The expression of LXRα, NF-κB, and IκBα were detected by western blot analysis. The results showed that PYD significantly inhibited IL-1β-induced MMP1, MMP13, IL-8, RANTES, PGE2, and NO production...
October 12, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Ho Il Yoon, Oh-Ran Kwon, Kyung Nam Kang, Yong Sung Shin, Ho Sang Shin, Eun Hee Yeon, Keon Young Kwon, Ilseon Hwang, Yoon Kyung Jeon, Yongdai Kim, Chul Woo Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite major advances in lung cancer treatment, early detection remains the most promising way of improving outcomes. To detect lung cancer in earlier stages, many serum biomarkers have been tested. Unfortunately, no single biomarker can reliably detect lung cancer. We combined a set of 2 tumor markers and 4 inflammatory or metabolic markers and tried to validate the diagnostic performance in lung cancer. METHODS: We collected serum samples from 355 lung cancer patients and 590 control subjects and divided them into training and validation datasets...
September 2016: Journal of Cancer Prevention
Shuo Huang, Liangliang Xu, Yuxin Sun, Sien Lin, Weidong Gu, Yamei Liu, Jinfang Zhang, Lin Chen, Gang Li
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have innate ability to self-renew and immunosuppressive functions, and differentiate into various cell types. They have become a promising cell source for treating many diseases, particular for bone regeneration. Osteoporosis is a common metabolic bone disorder with elevated systemic inflammation which in turn triggers enhanced bone loss. We hypothesize that systemic infusion of MSCs may suppress the elevated inflammation in the osteoporotic subjects and slow down bone loss. The current project was to address the following two questions: (1) Will a single dose systemic administration of allogenic MSCs have any effect on osteoporotic bone loss? (2) Will multiple administration of allogenic MSCs from single or multiple donors have similar effect on osteoporotic bone loss? 18 ovariectomized (OVX) rats were assigned into 3 groups: the PBS control group, MSCs group 1 (receiving 2x106 GFP-MSCs at Day 10, 46, 91 from the same donor following OVX) and MSCs group 2 (receiving 2x106 GFP-MSCs from three different donors at Day 10, 46, 91)...
2016: PloS One
Mareen Matz, Christine Lorkowski, Katharina Fabritius, Kaiyin Wu, Birgit Rudolph, Stefan Frischbutter, Susanne Brakemeier, Jens Gaedeke, Hans-H Neumayer, Mir-Farzin Mashreghi, Klemens Budde
Cellular and antibody-mediated rejection processes and also interstitial fibrosis/tubular atrophy (IFTA) lead to allograft dysfunction and loss. The search for accurate, specific and non-invasive diagnostic tools is still ongoing and essential for successful treatment of renal transplanted patients. Molecular markers in blood cells and serum may serve as diagnostic tools but studies with high patient numbers and differential groups are rare. We validated the potential value of several markers on mRNA level in blood cells and serum protein level in 166 samples from kidney transplanted patients under standard immunosuppressive therapy (steroids±mycophenolic acid±calcineurin inhibitor) with stable graft function, urinary tract infection (UTI), IFTA, antibody-mediated rejection (ABMR), and T-cell-mediated rejection (TCMR) applying RT-PCR and ELISA...
September 29, 2016: Transplant Immunology
Zhen-Zhen Guo, Qun-An Cao, Zong-Zhuang Li, Li-Ping Liu, Zhi Zhang, Ya-Juan Zhu, Guang Chu, Qiu-Yan Dai
Nicotine, a major chemical component of cigarettes, plays a pivotal role in the development of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) has been demonstrated to participate in elastase-induced AAA. This study aimed to elucidate whether the JNK inhibitor SP600125 can attenuate nicotine plus angiotensin II- (AngII-) induced AAA formation and to assess the underlying molecular mechanisms. SP600125 significantly attenuated nicotine plus AngII-induced AAA formation. The expression of matrix metalloproteinase- (MMP-) 2, MMP-9, monocyte chemoattractant protein- (MCP-) 1, and regulated-on-activation, normal T-cells expressed and secreted (RANTES) was significantly upregulated in aortic aneurysm lesions but inhibited by SP600125...
2016: Mediators of Inflammation
Xiao-Yan Qin, Shu-Ping Zhang, Chang Cao, Y Peng Loh, Yong Cheng
Importance: The association of nonmotor features and Parkinson disease (PD) is increasingly recognized. Evidence suggests that inflammation may play a role in PD pathologic features and symptoms. Objective: To quantitatively summarize the peripheral inflammatory cytokine data available for patients with PD. Data Source: A systematic search of peer-reviewed English-language articles from PubMed, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library without year limitation was performed from December 7, 2015, to March 23, 2016...
September 26, 2016: JAMA Neurology
A Głobińska, M Pawełczyk, A Piechota-Polańczyk, A Olszewska-Ziąber, S Moskwa, A Mikołajczyk, A Jabłońska, P Zakrzewski, M Brauncajs, M Jarzębska, S Taka, N G Papadopoulos, M L Kowalski
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the immune response to parainfluenza virus type 3 (PIV3), rhinovirus 1B (RV1B) and intracellular Toll-like receptors (TLR) agonists in nasal epithelial cells (NECs) from patients with allergic rhinitis and healthy controls. METHODS: NECs were obtained from 8 patients with allergic rhinitis (AR) and 11 non-atopic healthy controls (HC) by nasal scraping, grown to confluence and exposed to PIV3, RV1B infection or TLR3 and TLR7/8 agonists...
September 26, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Jorge Luis Costa Carvalho, Auriléia Aparecida de Brito, Ana Paula Ligeiro de Oliveira, Hugo Caire de Castro Faria Neto, Thiago Martini Pereira, Regiane Albertini de Carvalho, Elen Anatriello, Flávio Aimbire
Recent studies show that low-level laser therapy (LLLT) has an important anti-inflammatory action in acute lung inflammation. The present work explored if laser therapy is able to antagonize eosinophils and allergic inflammation induced by oxidative stress in Balb/c mice. Forty-eight hours after challenge, the leukocyte counting, ROS and nitrite/nitrate level, RANTES, CCL3, CCL8 as well as eotaxins were measured in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of laser-treated mice or not. Into the lung, some chemokines receptors, the iNOS activity and mRNA expression, and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, gluthatione, NADPH oxidase activities and thiobarbituric acid reactive species (T-Bars) were measured...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Biophotonics
Chaker Aloui, Tahar Chakroun, Antoine Prigent, Saloua Jemni-Yacoub, Fabrice Cognasse, Sandrine Laradi, Olivier Garraud
BACKGROUND: Leucoreduction of blood components, including platelet components, is strongly encouraged but not yet universal, especially outside high income countries. As both leucocytes and platelets secrete copious amounts of pro-inflammatory cytokines/chemokines under various conditions and during storage, we investigated the potential of the respective secretory programmes of these cells in order to evaluate their subsequent pathophysiological effects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 158 individual non-leucoreduced platelet components were obtained from Tunisian donors and tested for characteristic biological response modifiers (BRM) of leukocytes (IL-1β, IL-8), platelets (sCD62P, sCD40L) and both cell types (TNF-α, RANTES) in the presence or absence of thrombin stimulation and after different periods of storage (up to 5 days)...
September 8, 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
S McNicholas, A Fe Talento, J O'Gorman, M M Hannan, M Lynch, C M Greene, P J Conlon, A C Shore, D C Coleman, H Humphreys, D Fitzgerald-Hughes
Patients with end-stage renal failure undergo regular haemodialysis (HD) and often develop episodes of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection (BSI), which can re-occur. However, clinically, patients on HD, with S. aureus BSI, respond well to treatment, rarely developing overt signs of sepsis. We investigated the contributions of bacterial virulence and cytokine responses to the clinical course of S. aureus BSI in HD and non-HD patients. Seventy patients were recruited, including 27 (38.6 %) patients on HD...
September 9, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Nara Vasconcelos Cavalcanti, Leuridan Cavalcante Torres, Marina Cadena da Matta, Carolina Duarte Lindoso, Luana Nobre de Abreu Carvalho, Maria do Carmo Menezes Bezerra Duarte, Jailson Barros Correia
Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that are mainly involved in the migratory patterns of immune cells. Few studies have evaluated levels of chemokines in children with acute bacterial infections. The aim of the present study was to evaluate serum levels of chemokines MCP-1, RANTES, MIG and IP-10 in children with sepsis, community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and skin abscess. Serum levels of MCP-1, RANTES, MIG and IP-10 were measured in 37 children with sepsis, 27 children with CAP, 25 children with skin abscess and 20 controls with no signs of infection...
September 16, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
Hugo R Caires, Tiago Esteves, Pedro Quelhas, Mário A Barbosa, Melba Navarro, Catarina R Almeida
Despite the importance of immune cell-biomaterial interactions for the regenerative outcome, few studies have investigated how distinct three-dimensional biomaterials modulate the immune cell-mediated mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSC) recruitment and function. Thus, this work compares the response of varied primary human immune cell populations triggered by different model scaffolds and describes its functional consequence on recruitment and motility of bone marrow MSC. It was found that polylactic acid (PLA) and chitosan scaffolds lead to an increase in the metabolic activity of macrophages but not of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), natural killer (NK) cells or monocytes...
September 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Vivek Anand Manivel, Azita Sohrabian, Johan Rönnelid
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with early elevations of antibodies against collagen type II (CII) have a distinct acute onset phenotype, associated with cytokine induction by surface-bound anti-CII-containing immune complexes (ICs) and high C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs) and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are abundant in the vicinity of CII in RA joints, and both PMN and PBMC reactivity against anti-CII IC individually relate to early joint destruction and early elevation of CRP and ESR in RA...
September 13, 2016: European Journal of Immunology
Alberto Ortiz, Holger Husi, Laura Gonzalez-Lafuente, Lara Valiño-Rivas, Manuel Fresno, Ana Belen Sanz, William Mullen, Amaya Albalat, Sergio Mezzano, Tonia Vlahou, Harald Mischak, Maria Dolores Sanchez-Niño
An improved understanding of pathogenic pathways in AKI may identify novel therapeutic approaches. Previously, we conducted unbiased liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry-based protein expression profiling of the renal proteome in mice with acute folate nephropathy. Here, analysis of the dataset identified enrichment of pathways involving NFκB in the kidney cortex, and a targeted data mining approach identified components of the noncanonical NFκB pathway, including the upstream kinase mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 14 (MAP3K14), the NFκB DNA binding heterodimer RelB/NFκB2, and proteins involved in NFκB2 p100 ubiquitination and proteasomal processing to p52, as upregulated...
September 12, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
Katerina Tsergouli, Anna Papa
Dobrava-Belgrade virus (DOBV) is a hantavirus that causes a disease in humans known as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome. Hallmarks of hantaviral infections are increased vascular permeability due to dysregulation of the endothelial cell barrier and acute thrombocytopenia. In order to gain insight into the immune response in DOBV infections, the serum levels of 27 cytokines in 24 hospitalized Greek HFRS patients were evaluated. Compared to the control group, significantly higher IL-1ra, IL-6, IL-8, IL-9, IL-10, GM-CSF, IP-10, MIP-1b, TNF-α and VEGF levels were found in severe cases, while in non-severe cases, IL-13 and TNF-α levels were significantly higher (p < 0...
December 2016: Archives of Virology
Ramon de Almeida Kruschewsky, Luciana Santos Cardoso, Jamille Souza Fernandes, Robson da Paixão de Souza, Diego Mota Lopes, Otavio Augusto Moreno de Carvalho, Maria Ilma Araujo
BACKGROUND: Schistosomal myeloradiculopathy (SMR) is the most serious ectopic presentation of Schistosoma mansoni infection. The pathogenesis occurs mainly via the host inflammatory response to the eggs of the parasite that are stuck in the central nervous system, and the diagnosis is generally made by the exclusion of other neurological diseases. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the immune status of SMR patients and to identify a marker for SMR diagnosis. METHODS: We enrolled 15 patients with a presumptive diagnosis of SMR, and the control groups included 17 patients with myelopathy associated with human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) and 11 with other neurological disorders...
September 9, 2016: Neuroimmunomodulation
Carin Wallquist, Ladan Mansouri, Mattias Norrbäck, Britta Hylander, Stefan H Jacobson, Joachim Lundahl
BACKGROUND: Despite the absence of clinical symptoms, patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) exhibit elevated levels of pro-inflammatory markers. To investigate whether it is possible to detect inflammatory activity and altered monocyte function at an early stage of renal disease, we studied patients with CKD stages 2-3 over 5 years. METHODS: The expression of adhesion molecules on monocytes at resting state and after stimulation with formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP), as well as oxidative metabolism capacity was measured with flow cytometry in 108 CKD patients and healthy controls...
September 8, 2016: American Journal of Nephrology
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