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histone H3.2

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904046/cocl2-decreases-ec-sod-expression-through-histone-deacetylation-in-cos7-cells
#1
Shuhei Hattori, Tetsuro Kamiya, Hirokazu Hara, Masayuki Ninomiya, Mamoru Koketsu, Tetsuo Adachi
Extracellular-superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD), one of the SOD isozymes, is negatively regulated under hypoxic conditions, and decreases in its expression may exacerbate vascular diseases. Moreover, epigenetics, such as DNA methylation and histone modifications, are known to play a critical role in the progression of cancer, type 2 diabetes, and atherosclerosis. We previously investigated the involvement of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in decreases in EC-SOD expression in hypoxic COS7 cells; however, the role of epigenetics in this process currently remains unknown...
2016: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895384/exendin-4-induces-extracellular-superoxide-dismutase-through-histone-h3-acetylation-in-human-retinal-endothelial-cells
#2
Hiroyuki Yasuda, Atsuko Ohashi, Shohei Nishida, Tetsuro Kamiya, Tetsuya Suwa, Hirokazu Hara, Jun Takeda, Yoshinori Itoh, Tetsuo Adachi
Extracellular-superoxide dismutase (genetic name SOD3) is a secreted anti-oxidative enzyme, and its presence in vascular walls may play an important role in protecting the vascular system against oxidative stress. Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy; therefore, increases in extracellular-superoxide dismutase have been suggested to inhibit the progression of diabetic retinopathy. Incretin-based drugs such as glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists are used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889645/suppression-of-tumor-growth-and-muscle-wasting-in-a-transgenic-mouse-model-of-pancreatic-cancer-by-the-novel-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-ar-42
#3
Sally E Henderson, Li-Yun Ding, Xiaokui Mo, Tanios Bekaii-Saab, Samuel K Kulp, Ching-Shih Chen, Po-Hsien Huang
PURPOSE: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the third leading cause of cancer death in the United States. This study was aimed at evaluating the efficacy of AR-42 (formerly OSU-HDAC42), a novel histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor currently in clinical trials, in suppressing tumor growth and/or cancer-induced muscle wasting in murine models of PDAC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The in vitro antiproliferative activity of AR-42 was evaluated in six human pancreatic cancer cell lines (AsPC-1, COLO-357, PANC-1, MiaPaCa-2, BxPC-3, SW1990)...
November 24, 2016: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886392/deregulated-expression-of-ezh2-in-congenital-brainstem-disconnection
#4
P G Barth, E Aronica, S Fox, K Fluiter, M A J Weterman, A Poretti, D C Miller, E Boltshauser, B Harding, M Santi, F Baas
Congenital brainstem disconnection (CBSD) is an enigmatic embryo-fetal defect presenting as (sub)total absence of a segment between mesencephalon and lower brainstem. Rostro-caudal limits of the defect vary while the basal pons is always involved and the cerebellum is globally hypoplastic. A recent update and review[1] lists 14 cases, including 3 brain autopsy studies[1-3]. Necrosis and glial- or inflammatory reactions were absent. Inferior olivary nuclei were small or absent, pontine nuclei depleted, and the cerebellar dentate nuclei dysplastic...
November 25, 2016: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884950/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-in-the-amniotic-cavity-of-women-with-intra-amniotic-infection-a-new-mechanism-of-host-defense
#5
Nardhy Gomez-Lopez, Roberto Romero, Yi Xu, Derek Miller, Ronald Unkel, Majid Shaman, Suzanne M Jacques, Bogdan Panaitescu, Valeria Garcia-Flores, Sonia S Hassan
OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) control microbial infections through their antimicrobial activities attributed to DNA, histones, granules, and cytoplasmic proteins (eg, elastase). Intra-amniotic infection is characterized by the influx of neutrophils into the amniotic cavity; therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether amniotic fluid neutrophils form NETs in this inflammatory process. METHODS: Amniotic fluid samples from women with intra-amniotic infection (n = 15) were stained for bacteria detection using fluorescent dyes...
November 23, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884697/3-cyano-6-5-methyl-3-pyrazoloamino-pyridines-part-2-a-dual-inhibitor-of-aurora-kinase-and-tubulin-polymerization
#6
Masahiko Morioka
A new class of a dual inhibitor of Aurora kinase and tubulin polymerization was created by introducing various substituted phenoxyethylamino or pyridyloxyethylamino groups to the 2-position of 3-cyano-4-methyl-6-(5-methyl-3-pyrazoloamino)-pyridine. Compound 3g exhibited Aurora kinase inhibition, excellent protein kinase selectivity to Aurora kinase in comparison with 66 other kinases, inhibition of phosphorylation of Ser10 of histone H3 as an Aurora kinase inhibitor, inhibition of tubulin polymerization in vitro, good cell membrane permeability, and a good PK profile...
December 15, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884646/microrna-92a-3p-regulates-the-expression-of-cartilage-specific-genes-by-directly-targeting-histone-deacetylase-2-in-chondrogenesis-and-degradation
#7
Guping Mao, Ziji Zhang, Zhiyu Huang, Weishen Chen, Guangxin Huang, Fangang Meng, Zhiqi Zhang, Yan Kang
OBJECTIVE: Increased activity of histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) has been found in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and cartilage matrix degradation and has been shown to mediate the repression of cartilage-specific gene expression in human chondrocytes. We aimed to determine whether microRNA-92a-3p (miR-92a-3p) regulates cartilage-specific gene expression via targeted HDAC2 in chondrogenesis and degradation. METHODS: miR-92a-3p expression was assessed in vitro in a human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) model of chondrogenesis and in normal and OA primary human chondrocytes (PHCs), and in normal and OA human cartilage by in situ hybridization...
November 21, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874088/g9a-participates-in-nerve-injury-induced-kcna2-downregulation-in-primary-sensory-neurons
#8
Lingli Liang, Xiyao Gu, Jian-Yuan Zhao, Shaogen Wu, Xuerong Miao, Jifang Xiao, Kai Mo, Jun Zhang, Brianna Marie Lutz, Alex Bekker, Yuan-Xiang Tao
Nerve injury-induced downregulation of voltage-gated potassium channel subunit Kcna2 in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) is critical for DRG neuronal excitability and neuropathic pain genesis. However, how nerve injury causes this downregulation is still elusive. Euchromatic histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2, also known as G9a, methylates histone H3 on lysine residue 9 to predominantly produce a dynamic histone dimethylation, resulting in condensed chromatin and gene transcriptional repression. We showed here that blocking nerve injury-induced increase in G9a rescued Kcna2 mRNA and protein expression in the axotomized DRG and attenuated the development of nerve injury-induced pain hypersensitivity...
November 22, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864177/the-histone-deacetylase-hda-2-regulates-growth-conidiation-blue-light-perception-and-oxidative-stress-responses-in-trichoderma-atroviride
#9
Macario Osorio-Concepción, Gema Rosa Cristóbal Mondragón, Braulio Gutiérrez-Medina, Sergio Casas-Flores
: Fungal blue-light photoreceptors have been proposed as integrators of light and oxidative stress. However, additional elements participating in the integrative pathway remain to be identified. In Trichoderma atroviride, the blue-light receptor proteins BLR-1 and -2 are known to regulate gene transcription, mycelial growth and asexual development upon illumination, and recent global transcriptional analysis revealed that the histone deacetylase encoding gene hda-2 is induced by light...
November 18, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856763/normal-chromosome-conformation-depends-on-subtelomeric-facultative-heterochromatin-in-neurospora-crassa
#10
Andrew D Klocko, Tereza Ormsby, Jonathan M Galazka, Neena A Leggett, Miki Uesaka, Shinji Honda, Michael Freitag, Eric U Selker
High-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) analyses revealed that the 3D structure of the Neurospora crassa genome is dominated by intra- and interchromosomal links between regions of heterochromatin, especially constitutive heterochromatin. Elimination of trimethylation of lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9me3) or its binding partner Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1)-both prominent features of constitutive heterochromatin-have little effect on the Hi-C pattern. It remained possible that di- or trimethylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 (H3K27me2/3), which becomes localized in regions of constitutive heterochromatin when H3K9me3 or HP1 are lost, plays a critical role in the 3D structure of the genome...
November 16, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855185/aberrant-expression-of-timp-2-and-pbef-genes-in-the-placentae-of-cloned-mice-due-to-epigenetic-reprogramming-error
#11
Hong Rye Kim, Jae Eun Lee, Reza Kheirkhahi Oqani, So Yeon Kim, Teruhiko Wakayama, Chong Li, Su Jin Sa, Je Seok Woo, Dong Il Jin
Cloned mice derived from somatic or ES cells show placental overgrowth (placentomegaly) at term. We had previously analyzed cloned and normal mouse placentae by using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to identify differential protein expression patterns. Cloned placentae showed upregulation of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2), which is involved in extracellular matrix degradation and tissue remodeling, and downregulation of pre-B cell colony enhancing factor 1 (PBEF), which inhibits apoptosis and induces spontaneous labor...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853364/curcumin-modulates-the-effect-of-histone-modification-on-the-expression-of-chemokines-by-type-ii-alveolar-epithelial-cells-in-a-rat-copd-model
#12
Lixing Gan, Chengye Li, Jian Wang, Xuejun Guo
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested that histone modification has a positive impact on various aspects associated with the progression of COPD. Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) suppresses proinflammatory gene expression through deacetylation of core histones. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of histone modification on the expression of chemokines in type II alveolar epithelial cells (AEC II) in a rat COPD model and regulation of HDAC2 expression by curcumin in comparison with corticosteroid...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852821/meg3-long-noncoding-rna-contributes-to-the-epigenetic-regulation-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-lung-cancer-cell-lines
#13
Minoru Terashima, Shoichiro Tange, Akihiko Ishimura, Takeshi Suzuki
Histone methylation is implicated in a number of biological and pathological processes including cancer development. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism for the recruitment of Polycomb repressive complex-2 (PRC2) and its accessory component, JARID2, to chromatin, which regulates methylation of lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27), during epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cancer cells. The expression of MEG3 long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), which could interact with JARID2, was clearly increased during Transforming Growth Factor-beta (TGF-β)-induced EMT of human lung cancer cell lines...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845772/long-intergenic-noncoding-rna-00511-acts-as-an-oncogene-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-by-binding-to-ezh2-and-suppressing-p57
#14
Cheng-Cao Sun, Shu-Jun Li, Guang Li, Rui-Xi Hua, Xu-Hong Zhou, De-Jia Li
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in carcinogenesis. However, the function and mechanism of lncRNAs in human non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are still remaining largely unknown. Long intergenic noncoding RNA 00511 (LINC00511) has been found to be upregulated and acts as an oncogene in breast cancer, but little is known about its expression pattern, biological function and underlying mechanism in NSCLC. Herein, we identified LINC00511 as an oncogenic lncRNA by driving tumorigenesis in NSCLC...
November 15, 2016: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830268/butyrate-alters-expression-of-cytochrome-p450-1a1-and-metabolism-of-benzo-a-pyrene-via-its-histone-deacetylase-activity-in-colon-epithelial-cell-models
#15
Ondřej Zapletal, Zuzana Tylichová, Jiří Neča, Jiří Kohoutek, Miroslav Machala, Alena Milcová, Michaela Pokorná, Jan Topinka, Mary Pat Moyer, Jiřina Hofmanová, Alois Kozubík, Jan Vondráček
Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid produced by fermentation of dietary fiber, is an important regulator of colonic epithelium homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the impact of this histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor on expression/activity of cytochrome P450 family 1 (CYP1) and on metabolism of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), in colon epithelial cells. Sodium butyrate (NaBt) strongly potentiated the BaP-induced expression of CYP1A1 in human colon carcinoma HCT116 cells...
November 9, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824159/oncometabolite-d-2-hydroxyglurate-directly-induces-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-is-associated-with-distant-metastasis-in-colorectal-cancer
#16
Hugh Colvin, Naohiro Nishida, Masamitsu Konno, Naotsugu Haraguchi, Hidekazu Takahashi, Junichi Nishimura, Taishi Hata, Koichi Kawamoto, Ayumu Asai, Kenta Tsunekuni, Jun Koseki, Tsunekazu Mizushima, Taroh Satoh, Yuichiro Doki, Masaki Mori, Hideshi Ishii
Deranged metabolism is a hallmark of cancer, playing a significant role in driving the disease process. One such example is the induction of carcinogenesis by the oncometabolite D-2 hydroxyglutarate (D-2HG), which is produced by the mutated enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) occurring in subsets of leukaemias and brain tumours. The oncogenic property of D-2HG appears to stem from its ability to interfere with the activities of α-ketoglutarate-dependent dioxygenases, including the Jumonji family histone demethylases...
November 8, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821753/selective-nucleolus-organizer-inactivation-in-arabidopsis-is-a-chromosome-position-effect-phenomenon
#17
Gireesha Mohannath, Frederic Pontvianne, Craig S Pikaard
Nucleolus organizer regions (NORs) are chromosomal loci where hundreds of rRNA genes are clustered. Despite being nearly identical in sequence, specific rRNA genes are selected for silencing during development via choice mechanism(s) that remain unclear. In Arabidopsis thaliana, rRNA gene subtypes that are silenced during development were recently mapped to the NOR on chromosome 2, NOR2, whereas active rRNA genes map to NOR4, on chromosome 4. In a mutant line deficient for ATXR5 or ATXR6-dependent histone H3 lysine 27 (H3K27) monomethylation, we show that millions of base pairs of chromosome 4, including the telomere, TEL4N, and much of NOR4, have been converted to the corresponding sequences of chromosome 2...
November 7, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821436/histone-h3-lysine-4-trimethylation-h3k4me3-lysine-27-trimethylation-h3k27me3-and-lysine-27-acetylation-h3k27ac-contribute-to-the-transcriptional-repression-of-solute-carrier-family-47-member-2-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#18
Qinqin Yu, Yanqing Liu, Xiaoli Zheng, Qianying Zhu, Zhuowei Shen, Hua Wang, Huadong He, Nengming Lin, Huidi Jiang, Lushan Yu, Su Zeng
In recent years, finding effective biomarkers for identifying early stage cancer and predicating prognosis is crucial for renal cell carcinoma (RCC) diagnosis and treatment. In this study, a dramatic decrease of the solute carrier family 47 member 2 (SLC47A2) mRNA in RCC comparing with the paired adjacent non-tumor tissues from patients at low TNM stage was observed. Thus, patients with SLC47A2 transcriptional repression are susceptible to RCC. Little is known about the regulation mechanism of SLC47A2. We found that it was a bivalent gene which was enriched with both histone H3 lysine 4 trimethylation (H3K4me3) and lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3)...
November 7, 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815838/decreased-methylation-level-of-h3k27me3-increases-seizure-susceptibility
#19
Zhongcheng Wang, Yusong Zhang, Jian Fang, Fang Yu, Duanhe Heng, Yuanteng Fan, Jian Xu, Biwen Peng, Wanhong Liu, Song Han, Xiaohua He
Epigenetic modifications including histone modifications are associated with seizure development and epileptogenesis; however, its underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) and IL6 are identified as febrile seizure (FS)-related genes using gene microarray analysis in hyperthermia prone (HP) rats. This purpose of the study focused on exploring whether epigenetic modifications marker histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3)-regulated DPP4 and IL6 expression further affected seizures development...
November 5, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812132/the-human-mixed-lineage-leukemia-5-mll5-a-sequentially-and-structurally-divergent-set-domain-containing-protein-with-no-intrinsic-catalytic-activity
#20
Sarah Mas-Y-Mas, Marta Barbon, Catherine Teyssier, Hélène Déméné, João E Carvalho, Louise E Bird, Andrey Lebedev, Juliana Fattori, Michael Schubert, Christian Dumas, William Bourguet, Albane le Maire
Mixed Lineage Leukemia 5 (MLL5) plays a key role in hematopoiesis, spermatogenesis and cell cycle progression. Chromatin binding is ensured by its plant homeodomain (PHD) through a direct interaction with the N-terminus of histone H3 (H3). In addition, MLL5 contains a Su(var)3-9, Enhancer of zeste, Trithorax (SET) domain, a protein module that usually displays histone lysine methyltransferase activity. We report here the crystal structure of the unliganded SET domain of human MLL5 at 2.1 Å resolution. Although it shows most of the canonical features of other SET domains, both the lack of key residues and the presence in the SET-I subdomain of an unusually large loop preclude the interaction of MLL5 SET with its cofactor and substrate...
2016: PloS One
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