keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Angiotensin inhibitor

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738355/impact-of-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-inhibition-on-serum-potassium-levels-among-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#1
Silvia Carreira Ribeiro, Ana Elizabeth Figueiredo, Pasqual Barretti, Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Thyago Proença de Moraes
BACKGROUND: The chronic use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blocker has been associated with hyperkalemia in patients with reduced renal function even after the initiation of hemodialysis. Whether such medications may cause a similar effect in peritoneal dialysis patients is not well established. So, the aim of our study was to analyze the impact of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone inhibitors on the serum levels of potassium in a national cohort of peritoneal dialysis patients...
July 22, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736557/the-effect-of-admission-renal-function-on-the-treatment-and-outcome-of-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#2
Zach Rozenbaum, Sydney Benchetrit, Saar Minha, Yoram Neuman, Meital Shlezinger, Ilan Goldenberg, Morris Mosseri, David Pereg
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease is a frequent comorbidity among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We aimed to evaluate treatment characteristics in ACS patients according to their renal function and to assess the effect of differences in therapy on clinical outcomes. METHODS: Included were patients with ACS enrolled in the biennial Acute Coronary Syndrome Israeli Surveys (ACSIS) during 2000-2013. Excluded were patients with cardiogenic shock at presentation...
June 2017: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736364/-angiotensin-1-7-protects-cardiac-myocytes-against-high-glucose-induced-injury-by-inhibiting-clc-3-chloride-channels
#3
Shao-Ai Ccai, Jing-Fu Chen, Mei-Ji Chen, Jian-Cong Lin, Jian-Qiang Feng, Kai Lin, Xi-Mei Zhi, Wei-Jie Zhang, Wen Wu
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] protects cardiac myocytes against high glucose (HG)-induced injury by inhibiting ClC-3 chloride channels. METHOD: H9c2 cardiac cells were exposed to 35 mmol/L glucose for 24 h to establish a cell injury model. The cells were treated with Ang-(1-7) or the inhibitor of chloride channel (NPPB) in the presence of HG for 24 h to observe the changes in HG-induced cell injury. Cell counter kit 8 (CCK-8) assay was used to test the cell viability, and the morphological changes of the apoptotic cells were detected using Hoechst 33258 staining and fluorescent microscopy...
July 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735756/incidence-and-determinants-of-hyperkalemia-and-hypokalemia-in-a-large-healthcare-system
#4
Erik Nilsson, Alessandro Gasparini, Johan Ärnlöv, Hairong Xu, Karin M Henriksson, Josef Coresh, Morgan E Grams, Juan Jesus Carrero
BACKGROUND: Hypo- and hyperkalemia in clinical settings are insufficiently characterized and large-scale data from Europe lacking. We studied incidence and determinants of these abnormalities in a large Swedish healthcare system. METHODS: Observational study from the Stockholm CREAtinine Measurements project, including adult individuals from Stockholm accessing healthcare in 2009 (n=364,955). Over 3-years, we estimated the incidence of hypokalemia, defined as potassium<3...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734982/isolation-and-characterization-of-renin-like-aspartic-proteases-from-echis-ocellatus-venom
#5
M C Wilkinson, D J H Nightingale, R A Harrison, S C Wagstaff
Three aspartic proteases (SVAPs) have been isolated from venom of the saw-scaled viper, Echis ocellatus. In confirmation of prior transcriptomic predictions, all three forms match to sequences of either of the two SVAP transcripts (EOC00051 and EOC00123), have a molecular weight of 42 kDa and possess a single N-glycan. The SVAPs act in a renin-like manner, specifically cleaving human and porcine angiotensinogen into angiotensin-1 and possess no general protease activity. Their activity is completely inhibited by the aspartyl protease inhibitor Pepstatin A...
July 19, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733880/effect-of-asiatic-acid-on-the-ang-ii-at1r-nadph-oxidase-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-renovascular-hypertensive-rats
#6
Putcharawipa Maneesai, Sarawoot Bunbupha, Upa Kukongviriyapan, Laddawan Senggunprai, Veerapol Kukongviriyapan, Parichat Prachaney, Poungrat Pakdeechote
Asiatic acid, a triterpenoid compound derived from Centella asiatica, has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The present study evaluated the effects of asiatic acid on hemodynamic alterations, renin-angiotensin system (RAS), oxidative stress, and inflammation in 2K-1C hypertensive rats. Renovascular hypertension was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats and treated with vehicle, asiatic acid (30 mg/kg/day), or captopril (5 mg/kg/day) for 4 weeks. We observed that 2K-1C hypertensive rats exhibited hemodynamic alterations such as high blood pressure, heart rate, hindlimb vascular resistance, and low hindlimb blood flow...
July 21, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733551/antihypertensive-drug-use-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#7
Haibo Ni, Qin Rui, Xiaojue Zhu, Zhenquan Yu, Rong Gao, Huixiang Liu
We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies to examine the hypothesized association between breast cancer and antihypertensive drug (AHT) use. Fixed- or random- effect models were used to calculate pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all AHTs and individual classes (i.e., angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, [ACEi]; angiotensin-receptor blockers, [ARBs]; calcium channel blockers, [CCBs]; beta-blockers, [BBs], and diuretics). Twenty-one studies with 3,116,266 participants were included...
July 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731439/antihypertensive-treatment-is-associated-with-mri-derived-markers-of-neurodegeneration-and-impaired-cognition-a-propensity-weighted-cohort-study
#8
Jodi D Edwards, Joel Ramirez, Brandy L Callahan, Sheldon W Tobe, Paul Oh, Courtney Berezuk, Krista Lanctôt, Walter Swardfager, Sean Nestor, Alexander Kiss, Stephen Strother, Sandra E Black
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is an important risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cerebral small vessel disease. Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are common anti-hypertensive treatments, but have differential effects on cortical amyloid. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate associations between anti-hypertensive treatment, brain volume, and cognition, using a propensity-weighted analysis to account for confounding by indication...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731289/current-status-of-achieving-blood-pressure-target-and-its-clinical-correlates-in-japanese-type-2-diabetes
#9
Hiroki Yokoyama, Shin-Ichi Araki, Koichi Kawai, Koichi Hirao, Yoshio Kurihara, Hiroaki Seino, Hiroshi Takamura, Hidekatsu Sugimoto, Akira Okada, Hiroshi Maegawa
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: To investigate the current status of achieved blood pressure levels in association with the number of antihypertensive drug classes as of 2013, and to explore the clinical correlates with achievement of target blood pressure in a large-scale cohort of Japanese subjects with type 2 diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nationwide survey was conducted including 12,811 subjects with type 2 diabetes. Subjects were divided by achieved blood pressure, <130/80 or 140/90 mmHg, and the number of drug classes taken...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731126/mir%C3%A2-132-in-atrial-fibrillation-directly-targets-connective-tissue-growth-factor
#10
Gang Qiao, Dongsheng Xia, Zhaoyun Cheng, Guobao Zhang
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most frequently occurring, persistent cardiac arrhythmia, and the hallmark of AF‑dependent structural remodeling is atrial fibrosis. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is important in the process of fibrosis. The association between miRNA and CTGF in AF‑dependent fibrosis remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to determine if microRNA (miR)‑132 was able to regulate CTGF with an anti‑fibrotic effect in AF. A total of ten dogs or patients were assigned to control (n=4) and AF groups (n=6)...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730079/effect-of-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-blocker-and-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor-on-the-intraocular-growth-factors-and-their-receptors-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#11
Ik Soo Byon, Dong Hyun Lee, Eun Sook Jun, Min Kyu Shin, Sung Who Park, Ji Eun Lee
AIM: To investigate the effect of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker (ARB) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) on intraocular growth factors and their receptors in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups: control, diabetes mellitus (DM), candesartan-treated DM, and enalapril-treated DM (each group, n=10). After the induction of DM by streptozotocin, candesartan [ARB, 5 mg/(kg·d)] and enalapril [ACEI, 10 mg/(kg·d)] were administered to rats orally for 4wk...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724651/hyperkalemia-after-initiating-renin-angiotensin-system-blockade-the-stockholm-creatinine-measurements-scream-project
#12
Ghassan Bandak, Yingying Sang, Alessandro Gasparini, Alex R Chang, Shoshana H Ballew, Marie Evans, Johan Arnlov, Lars H Lund, Lesley A Inker, Josef Coresh, Juan-Jesus Carrero, Morgan E Grams
BACKGROUND: Concerns about hyperkalemia limit the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) and angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), but guidelines conflict regarding potassium-monitoring protocols. We quantified hyperkalemia monitoring and risks after ACE-I/ARB initiation and developed and validated a hyperkalemia susceptibility score. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 69 426 new users of ACE-I/ARB therapy in the Stockholm Creatinine Measurements (SCREAM) project with medication initiation from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2010, and follow-up for 1 year thereafter...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722342/green-micellar-hplc-analysis-of-three-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-in-their-mixtures-with-hydrochlorothiazide-and-modeling-of-their-retention-behavior-by-fitting-to-foley-s-model
#13
Manal Eid, Yasser El-Shabrawy, Rania El-Shaheny
We present an environmentally friendly method for the analysis of three angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and hydrochlorothiazide simultaneously using a green micellar eluent for the first time. The chromatographic separation of enalapril maleate, lisinopril dihydrate, benazepril hydrochloride, and hydrochlorothiazide was implemented on an octadecyl silica column with a solution containing sodium dodecyl sulfate (0.12 M), 1-propyl alcohol (10% v/v), triethylamine (0.3% v/v) and H3 PO4 (0.02 M) at pH 3...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722207/antihypertensive-drug-associated-angioedema-effect-modification-by-race-ethnicity
#14
Marsha E Reichman, Michael Wernecke, David J Graham, Jiemin Liao, John Yap, Yoganand Chillarige, Mary Ross Southworth, Stephine Keeton, Margie R Goulding, Katrina Mott, Jeffrey A Kelman
PURPOSE: Assess angioedema risk with exposure to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) compared with beta-blockers, by race/ethnicity. METHODS: New-user cohorts of Medicare beneficiaries 65 years or older initiating ACEI, ARB, or beta-blocker treatment from March 2007 to March 2014 were constructed. Angioedema incidence rates by drug and race/ethnicity were computed for 1-30 and 31-365 days of treatment. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to examine angioedema risk between cohorts...
July 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720877/role-of-the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-valproic-acid-in-high-fat-diet-induced-hypertension-via-inhibition-of-hdac1-angiotensin-ii-axis
#15
J Choi, S Y Park, T K Kwon, S-I Sohn, K M Park, J I Kim
BACKGROUND: Obesity is known as an epidemic worldwide because of consumption of westernized high-fat diets and one of the major risk factors of hypertension. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) control gene expression by regulating histone/non-histone protein deacetylation. HDAC inhibitors exert anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory effects and play a protective role in cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we tested the effect of an FDA-approved pan-HDAC inhibitor valproic acid (VPA) on high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hypertension in mice...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720639/angioedema-spotlight-a-closer-examination-of-sacubitril-valsartan-safety-results
#16
Ryan E Owens, Carrie S Oliphant
Incorporation of neprilysin inhibition into heart failure pharmacotherapy regimens has recently been recommended by U.S. guidelines, based on results from the PARADIGM-HF trial comparing sacubitril/valsartan to enalapril. While most of the discussion has focused on efficacy, a closer examination of the safety results, particularly the incidence of angioedema during the run-in and double-blind periods, is also warranted. Although no major safety concerns were identified, an angioedema risk comparable to enalapril was found, primarily in the black population...
July 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720491/the-immunomodulatory-effects-of-the-enalapril-in-combination-with-benznidazole-during-acute-and-chronic-phases-of-the-experimental-infection-with-trypanosoma-cruzi
#17
Ana Luisa Junqueira Leite, Guilherme de Paula Costa, Laís Roquete Lopes, Ludmilla Walter Dos Reis Mota, Paula Melo de Abreu Vieira, André Talvani
Trypanosoma cruzi infection triggers a chronic inflammatory process responsible for the alterations in the extracellular matrix and functionality of the heart. The angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors affects T. cruzi in vitro surveillance and modulates in vivo some inflammatory mediators. In this study, we investigated the treatment with an ACE inhibitor (Enalapril) and the Benznidazole (Bz) in a single and combination therapies (CT) in C57BL/6 mice infected with VL-10 strain of the T. cruzi. Animals were treated during 20days with different doses of Bz (100, 80, 60mg/kg), Enalapril (25, 20, 15mg/kg) and their CT (100+25; 80+20; 60+15mg/kg) and euthanized at 30° (acute) and at 120° (chronic) days post infection...
July 15, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717364/serum-free-thyroxine-levels-were-associated-with-pulmonary-hypertension-and-pulmonary-artery-systolic-pressure-in-euthyroid-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#18
Bingjie Wu, Jingjing Jiang, Minghui Gui, Lin Liu, Qiqige Aleteng, Shanshan Wang, Xiaojing Liu, Yan Ling, Xin Gao
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between thyroid hormone levels, pulmonary hypertension (PH), and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) in euthyroid patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). A cross-sectional study was conducted in individuals who underwent coronary angiography and were diagnosed as CAD from March 2013 to November 2013. 811 subjects (185 women and 626 men) were included in this study. PASP was measured by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. 86 patients were diagnosed as PH and had significantly higher free thyroxine (FT4) levels than those without PH...
2017: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716988/blood-pressure-lowering-and-safety-improvements-with-liver-angiotensinogen-inhibition-in-models-of-hypertension-and-kidney-injury
#19
Adam E Mullick, Steve T Yeh, Mark J Graham, Jeffery A Engelhardt, Thazha P Prakash, Rosanne M Crooke
Uncontrolled hypertension is an important contributor to cardiovascular disease. Despite the armamentarium of antihypertensive treatments, there remains a need for novel agents effective in individuals who cannot reach acceptable blood pressure levels. Inhibitors targeting the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) are widely used but may not optimally inhibit RAAS and demonstrate an acceptable safety profile. Experiments were conducted to characterize a series of AGT (angiotensinogen) antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) and compare their efficacy and tolerability to traditional RAAS blockade...
July 17, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714615/-arni-new-abbreviation-for-a-new-class-of-treatment-of-heart-failure
#20
Soran Karimzadeh, Hazrije Mustafić, Tomoe Stampfli Andres
ARNI (Angiontensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitor) are a new class of drug : the angiotensin and neprilysin inhibitors. This combined effect allows an optimisation of the heart failure treatment by acting on both pathways of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and of the natriuretic peptides. LCZ696 is a combined molecule of valsartan and sacubitril and is currently the only one on the market. Its efficacy has been shown in a large randomised trial in 2014, and LCZ696 is now part of the last 2016 European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of heart failure...
March 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
keyword
keyword
22787
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"