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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054840/contemporary-risk-stratification-after-myocardial-infarction-in-the-community-performance-of-scores-and-incremental-value-of-soluble-suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2
#1
Yariv Gerber, Susan A Weston, Maurice Enriquez-Sarano, Allan S Jaffe, Sheila M Manemann, Ruoxiang Jiang, Véronique L Roger
BACKGROUND: Current American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology guidelines recommend the GRACE (Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events) and TIMI (Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction) scores to assess myocardial infarction (MI) prognosis. Changes in the epidemiological characteristics of MI and the availability of new biomarkers warrant an assessment of the performance of these scores in contemporary practice. We assessed the following: (1) the performance of GRACE and TIMI to predict 1-year mortality in a cohort of patients stratified by ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) and non-STEMI (NSTEMI) and (2) the incremental discriminatory power of soluble suppression of tumorigenicity-2, a myocardial fibrosis biomarker...
October 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052106/effect-of-low-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-on-the-geometry-of-coronary-bifurcation-lesions-and-clinical-outcomes-of-coronary-interventions-in-the-j-reverse-registry
#2
Yoshinobu Murasato, Yoshihisa Kinoshita, Masahiro Yamawaki, Toshiro Shinke, Yoshihiro Takeda, Kenichi Fujii, Shin-Ichiro Yamada, Yoshihisa Shimada, Takehiro Yamashita, Kazuhiko Yumoto
We investigated the effect of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) on the geometry of coronary bifurcation lesions. A total of 300 non-left main bifurcation lesions in 298 patients from J-REVERSE registry were classified according to statin treatment status at admission (NT, non-treated; ST, statin-treated) and were further subdivided based on LDL-C levels with a cutoff of 100 mg/dL (NT-high, n = 76 lesions; NT-low, n = 46; ST-high, n = 99 and ST-low, n = 79). In addition, a group with strict control of LDL-C (< 70 mg/dL) was defined (ST-SC; n = 19)...
October 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051816/eptifibatide-is-associated-with-significant-cost-savings-and-similar-clinical-outcomes-to-abciximab-when-used-during-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-an-observational-cohort-study-of-3863-patients
#3
K S Rathod, S Antoniou, P Avari, N Ding, P Wright, C Knight, A K Jain, A Mathur, E J Smith, R Weerackody, A Wragg, D A Jones
INTRODUCTION: Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors are recommended by guidelines in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention. There are few studies directly comparing these agents. The aim of this study was to assess whether eptifibatide is a safe and cost-effective alternative to abciximab in the treatment of primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. METHODS: This was an observational cohort study of 3863 patients who received a GPIIb/IIIa inhibitor whilst undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention from 2007 to 2014...
January 2017: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043405/-focused-update-on-dual-antiplatelet-treatment-esc-guidelines-2017
#4
A Schäfer, J Bauersachs
Dual antiplatelet treatment (DAPT) is a cornerstone of maintenance medication of patients following elective percutaneous coronary interventions or an acute coronary syndrome (ACS), e. g. ST elevation myocardial infarction, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina. In recent years the inclusion of P2Y12 inhibition in addition to low-dose acetylsalicylic acid has been intensively debated. Following the introduction of the modern generation of drug-eluting stents for elective coronary interventions, the duration of the necessary DAPT has been clearly reduced...
October 17, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041896/-recommendations-of-the-society-of-specialists-in-urgent-cardiology-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-part-1
#5
S I YAvelov, Y M Ruda, V O Averkov, P E Panchenko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041889/-multifactorial-prognostication-of-remote-outcomes-in-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
V O Tsygankova, G N Lozhkina, H M Khasanova, D A Kuimov, I Y Ragino, N V Maksimov, I M Voevoda
AIM: Creation of a mathematical nonlinear regression model for prognostication of 1 year outcomes after non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE ACS) for optimization of rehabilitation, secondary prevention, and personalized approach to treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included in this study 135 patients with confirmed NSTE ACS (mean age 59.1±6.1 years, 94 men and 41 women) admitted to hospital No 1 in Novosibirsk during 2010. During hospitalization and 1 year after discharge these patients received standard medical therapy...
August 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041001/hmgb1-expression-level-in-circulating-platelets-is-not-significantly-associated-with-outcomes-in-symptomatic-coronary-artery-disease
#7
Dominik Rath, Tobias Geisler, Meinrad Gawaz, Sebastian Vogel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Platelets express high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1), a damage-associated molecular pattern molecule (DAMP) that triggers thrombosis and inflammation when present in extracellular space. The role of platelet-derived HMGB1 in coronary artery disease (CAD) remains unexplored. METHODS: In a cohort study, we measured the expression of HMGB1 on the surface of circulating platelets in 183 patients with symptomatic CAD (stable CAD: n=80, acute coronary syndrome, ACS: n=103) at the time of percutaneous coronary intervention...
October 17, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038197/obstructive-coronary-artery-disease-in-patient-with-acute-thrombotic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#8
Szymon L Wiernek, Xuming Dai
Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) affects essentially all organ systems. Myocardial injury in TTP is often attributed to microthrombi formation. We present the first case report in the literature of an acute TTP patient with concomitant obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and acute myocardial infarction who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A 70-year-old female patient who was diagnosed with acute TTP required plasma exchange. The patient also experienced episodes of angina pectoris, elevated cardiac enzymes and global ST segment depressions on ECG...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037939/relationship-of-hospital-teaching-status-with-in-hospital-outcomes-for-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#9
Tanush Gupta, Kavisha Patel, Dhaval Kolte, Sahil Khera, Pedro A Villablanca, Wilbert S Aronow, William H Frishman, Howard A Cooper, Anna E Bortnick, Gregg C Fonarow, Julio A Panza, Giora Weisz, Mark A Menegus, Mario J Garcia, Deepak L Bhatt
BACKGROUND: Prior analyses have largely shown a survival advantage with admission to a teaching hospital for acute myocardial infarction. However, most prior studies report data on patients hospitalized over a decade ago. It is important to re-examine the association of hospital teaching status with outcomes of acute myocardial infarction in the current era. METHODS: We queried the 2010 to 2014 National Inpatient Sample databases to identify all patients aged ≥18 years hospitalized with the principal diagnosis of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035427/differences-in-the-korea-acute-myocardial-infarction-registry-compared-with-western-registries
#10
REVIEW
Doo Sun Sim, Myung Ho Jeong
The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) is the first nationwide registry that reflects current therapeutic approaches and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) management in Korea. The results of the KAMIR demonstrated different risk factors and responses to medical and interventional treatments. The results indicated that the incidence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was relatively high, and that the prevalence of dyslipidemia was relatively low with higher triglyceride and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels...
September 18, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034751/less-than-two-versus-greater-than-two-hour-invasive-strategy-in-non-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#11
Poonam Velagapudi, Mohit Turagam, Dhaval Kholte, Sahil Khera, Parag Parikh, Omar Hyder, Herbert Aronow, Dawn Abbott
BACKGROUND: Optimal timing for an invasive strategy in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) is unclear. Whether clinical outcomes are improved with a less than two (LT2) compared with greater than two hour (GT2) invasive strategy remains to be determined. We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing LT2 vs GT2 for NSTEMI. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search for RCTs comparing LT2 vs. GT2 in NSTEMI patients was performed...
October 19, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033510/admission-value-of-serum-cathepsin-d-level-can-be-useful-for-predicting-in-hospital-mortality-in-patients-with-nstemi
#12
Harun Kundi, Ahmet Balun, Hulya Cicekcioglu, Mustafa Cetin, Emrullah Kiziltunc, Canan Topcuoglu, Muhammed Fevzi Kilinckaya, Ender Ornek
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the association of serum cathepsin D levels with in-hospital mortality and Syntax scores (SXscore) in non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. METHODS: A total of 88 patients were included in the study. The patients were divided into two groups: those with in-hospital mortality (-), and those with in-hospital mortality (+). The receiver operating characteristics curve was used to show the sensitivity and specificity of serum cathepsin D levels, and the optimal cut-off value for predicting in-hospital mortality and high SXscore...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033508/predictors-of-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-non-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-data-from-taiwan-acute-coronary-syndrome-full-spectrum-registry
#13
Cheng-Chun Wei, Shih-Huang Lee
BACKGROUND: Some difficulties and variations remain associated with the care of elderly patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS). METHODS: We included 1470 patients from a Taiwan nationwide registry who fulfilled the criteria of NSTE-ACS, and stratified these patients by age and evaluated the treatment, complications and outcomes in different age groups. Furthermore, we analyzed risk factors and standards of care to determine the predictors of mortality...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033503/the-management-and-prognostic-factors-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-evidence-from-the-taiwan-acute-coronary-syndrome-full-spectrum-registry
#14
REVIEW
Chun-Yuan Chu, Tsung-Hsien Lin, Wen-Ter Lai
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) accounts for approximately one-third of all global deaths, and acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is the most severe form of CVD. It is of notable importance to develop ACS strategies for reducing major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and preventing complications. In the Taiwan ACS Full Spectrum Registry, 1-year mortality among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, non ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and unstable angina was 6.1%, 10.1%, and 6.2%, respectively...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033367/stent-implantation-and-vascular-healing-of-a-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissection-assessed-by-optical-coherence-tomography-in-a-patient-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#15
Kirstine Nørregaard Hansen, Lisbeth Antonsen, Lisette Okkels Jensen
A 60-year old woman with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, underwent coronary angiogram combined with optical coherence tomography (OCT) revealing a long dissection in the right coronary artery. The patient experienced peri-procedural chest pain, the electrocardiogram showed ST-segment elevations, and compromised coronary blood flow, why mechanical revascularization with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) was indicated. At 1-month follow-up, OCT revealed early, competent vascular healing, and a distal stenosis was treated with PCI...
September 5, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033166/early-peripheral-endothelial-dysfunction-predicts-myocardial-infarct-extension-and-microvascular-obstruction-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#16
Sérgio Bravo Baptista, Mariana Faustino, Luís Brizida, José Loureiro, João Augusto, João Abecasis, Célia Monteiro, Paulo Leal, Maura Nédio, Pedro Farto E Abreu, Victor Gil, Carlos Morais
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The role of endothelial dysfunction (ED) in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is poorly understood. Peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) allows non-invasive evaluation of ED, but has never been used for this purpose early after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI). Our purpose was to analyze the relation between ED assessed by PAT and both the presence of microvascular obstruction (MVO) and infarct extension in STEMI patients...
October 12, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029775/-management-of-nstemi-in-a-hospital-without-interventional-cardiology-and-without-use-of-grace-score-does-the-clinician-appreciation-match-the-grace-score-calculated-retrospectively-for-the-coronarography-delay
#17
F Bouriche, S Yvorra, A Hassan, F Paganelli, L Bonello, S Luigi, F Attia
PURPOSE: The management of non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndromes (NSTEACS) remains an issue for mobidity, mortality, and an economic stake. The first aim of the study was to evaluate the additional value of the GRACE score for the compliance with the recommended times to coronary angiography in an hospital without interventional cardiology. We also analysed the in-hospital and 6-month mortality and the predictive factors of compliance for the coronarography delays. METHODS: Retrospective monocenter cross-sectional study including consecutive patients with chest pain suggestive of a NSTEACS during 1 year...
October 10, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029774/immediate-coronary-angiography-in-survivors-of-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-without-obvious-extracardiac-cause-who-benefits
#18
Z Moutacalli, J-L Georges, B Ajlani, G Cherif, E El Beainy, G Gibault-Genty, E Blicq, C Charbonnel, R Convers-Domart, F Boutot, J-M Caussanel, B Lemaire, S Legriel, B Livarek
BACKGROUND: Immediate coronary angiography (iCA) and primary percutaneous coronary angioplasty (pPCI) in patients successfully resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of suspected cardiac cause is controversial. Our aims were to assess the results of iCA, the prognostic impact of pPCI after OHCA, and to identify subgroups most likely to benefit from this strategy. METHODS: In this single-centre retrospective study, patients aged ≥18 years with sustained return of spontaneous circulation after OHCA and no evidence of a non-cardiac cause underwent routine iCA at admission, with pPCI if indicated...
October 10, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029035/long-term-survival-and-causes-of-death-in-patients-with-st-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-without-obstructive-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Hedvig Bille Andersson, Frants Pedersen, Thomas Engstrøm, Steffen Helqvist, Morten Kvistholm Jensen, Erik Jørgensen, Henning Kelbæk, Sune Bernd Emil Werner Räder, Kari Saunamäki, Eric Bates, Peer Grande, Lene Holmvang, Peter Clemmensen
Aims: We aimed to study survival and causes of death in patients with ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome (STE-ACS) with and without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods and results: We included 4793 consecutive patients with STE-ACS triaged for acute coronary angiography at a large cardiac invasive centre (2009-2014). Of these, 88% had obstructive CAD (stenosis ≥50%), 6% had non-obstructive CAD (stenosis 1-49%), and 5% had normal coronary arteries...
September 23, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025684/ninety-day-readmission-and-long-term-mortality-in-medicare-patients-%C3%A2-65-years-treated-with-ticagrelor-versus-prasugrel-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-from-the-blue-cross-blue-shield-of-michigan-cardiovascular-consortium
#20
Chris Song, Devraj Sukul, Milan Seth, James M Dupree, Akshay Khandelwal, Simon R Dixon, David Wohns, Thomas LaLonde, Hitinder S Gurm
Ticagrelor and prasugrel were found to be superior to clopidogrel for the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI); however, the comparative effectiveness of these 2 drugs remains unknown. We compared postdischarge outcomes among older patients treated with ticagrelor versus prasugrel after PCI for ACS. We linked clinical data from PCIs performed in older patients (age ≥65) for ACS at 47 Michigan hospitals to Medicare fee-for-service claims from January 1, 2013, to December 31, 2014, to ascertain rates of 90-day readmission and long-term mortality...
August 30, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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