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Smile design

Alessandro Soranzo, Michelle Newberry
This paper discusses how the 'Uncatchable Smile' illusion in Leonardo da Vinci's La Bella Principessa portrait was discovered. Kemp and Cotte(1) described the expression of the Princess as ambiguous and "subtle to an inexpressible degree". A combination of three methods was used (inter-observation, structured interviews, and psychophysical experiments) to identify what may underlie this 'ambiguity'. The inter-observation and the structured interview methods were firstly applied to generate experimental hypotheses that were successively tested by a series of psychophysical experiments...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Soraya C Leal, Tereza Raquel Mourão Oliveira, Ana Paula Dias Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Very little is known about how patients perceive molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH). AIM: The aim of this study was to identify whether parents and children perceive opacities associated with MIH as an oral health problem. DESIGN: A case-control study was designed in which 131 children diagnosed with MIH were matched by age, sex, and school to 131 children without MIH. The Child and Parent Questionnaire about Tooth Appearance was used to assess reports from parents, who were interviewed by telephone, and children, who were interviewed on school premises...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
William J Smiles, Evelyn B Parr, Vernon G Coffey, Orly Lacham-Kaplan, John A Hawley, Donny M Camera
Alcohol ingestion decreases post-exercise rates of muscle protein synthesis, but the mechanism(s) (e.g., increased protein breakdown) underlying this observation are unknown. Autophagy is an intracellular "recycling" system required for homeostatic substrate and organelle turnover; its dysregulation may provoke apoptosis and lead to muscle atrophy. We investigated the acute effects of alcohol ingestion on autophagic cell signaling responses to a bout of concurrent (combined resistance- and endurance-based) exercise...
September 27, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Bryan T Harris, Daniel Montero, Gerald T Grant, Dean Morton, Daniel R Llop, Wei-Shao Lin
This clinical report proposes a digital workflow using 2-dimensional (2D) digital photographs, a 3D extraoral facial scan, and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) volumetric data to create a 3D virtual patient with craniofacial hard tissue, remaining dentition (including surrounding intraoral soft tissue), and the realistic appearance of facial soft tissue at an exaggerated smile under static conditions. The 3D virtual patient was used to assist the virtual diagnostic tooth arrangement process, providing patient with a pleasing preoperative virtual smile design that harmonized with facial features...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Zoe Diana Draelos, Tatiana Kononov, Theresa Fox
A 14-week single-center clinical usage study was conducted to test the efficacy of a peptide treatment serum and supporting skincare regimen in 29 women with mild to moderately photodamaged facial skin. The peptide treatment serum contained gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and various peptides with neurotransmitter inhibiting and cell signaling properties. It was hypothesized that the peptide treatment serum would ameliorate eye and facial expression lines including crow's feet and forehead lines. The efficacy of the supporting skincare regimen was also evaluated...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Isabell M Meier, Peter A Bos, Katie Hamilton, Dan J Stein, Jack van Honk, Susan Malcolm-Smith
Positive social cues, like happy facial expressions, activate the brain's reward system and indicate interest in social affiliation. Facial mimicry of emotions, which is the predominantly automatic and unconscious imitation of another person's facial expression, has been shown to promote social affiliation. It has been demonstrated repeatedly that the opioid system is vital to social affiliation in rodents, but there is less evidence in humans. We investigated whether a 50mg administration of naltrexone, an opioid antagonist with highest affinity for the mu-opioid system, modulates emotional mimicry...
August 23, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
Jesús Montero-Marín, Ricardo Araya, María C Pérez-Yus, Fermín Mayoral, Margalida Gili, Cristina Botella, Rosa Baños, Adoración Castro, Pablo Romero-Sanchiz, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Raquel Nogueira-Arjona, Margarita Vives, Antoni Riera, Javier García-Campayo
BACKGROUND: Depression is the most prevalent cause of illness-induced disability worldwide. Face-to-face psychotherapeutic interventions for depression can be challenging, so there is a need for other alternatives that allow these interventions to be offered. One feasible alternative is Internet-based psychological interventions. This is the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effectiveness of an Internet-based intervention on depression in primary health care in Spain. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to compare the effectiveness of a low-intensity therapist-guided (LITG) Internet-based program and a completely self-guided (CSG) Internet-based program with improved treatment as usual (iTAU) care for depression...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sadiya Iram, Winston D Prakash, Mohammad Javed Ali, Tarjani Vivek Dave, Milind N Naik
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to determine the acceptability levels of different styles of the doctors' dress and the expectations from the initial phases of physician-patient encounter. METHODS: The study design was a cross-sectional descriptive type using the survey methodology. A survey based on a five-point questionnaire was performed on all consecutive patients or their caregivers, aged ≥15, visiting the ophthalmic plastics outpatient clinics at a tertiary eye care institute...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
F Cattoni, F Mastrangelo, E F Gherlone, G Gastaldi
Purpose. Recently, the request of patients is changed in terms of not only esthetic but also previsualization therapy planning. The aim of this study is to evaluate a new 3D-CAD-CAM digital planning technique that uses a total digital smile process. Materials and Methods. Study participants included 28 adult dental patients, aged 19 to 53 years, with no oral, periodontal, or systemic diseases. For each patient, 3 intra- and extraoral pictures and intraoral digital impressions were taken. The digital images improved from the 2D Digital Smile System software and the scanner stereolithographic (STL) file was matched into the 3D-Digital Smile System to obtain a virtual previsualization of teeth and smile design...
2016: International Journal of Dentistry
Tamer H Massoud, Osama Ibrahim, Kitty Shehata, Moones F Abdalla
Purpose. To evaluate the visual and refractive outcomes after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for treating myopia and myopic astigmatism after penetrating keratoplasty (PKP). Design. Case-series. Methods. Ten eyes of 10 patients with previous PKP and residual myopic astigmatism for whom pentacam imaging and thickness measurements were acceptable for laser vision correction. Manifest refraction (MR), uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), and corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) were obtained preoperatively and one day, one week, and one, 3, and 6 months postoperatively...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Yu Chen, Gloria Mark, Sanna Ali
BACKGROUND: With the increasing quality of smartphone cameras, taking photos has become ubiquitous. This paper investigates how smartphone photography can be leveraged to help individuals increase their positive affect. METHODS: Applying findings from positive psychology, we designed and conducted a 4-week study with 41 participants. Participants were instructed to take one photo every day in one of the following three conditions: a selfie photo with a smiling expression, a photo of something that would make oneself happy and a photo of something that would make another person happy...
2016: Psychology of Well-being
Richard Trushkowsky, David Montalvo Arias, Steven David
Prior to initiating any treatment, it is necessary to visualize the desired outcomes. It then becomes possible to formulate the steps required to achieve this result. Digital Smile Design (DSD) utilizes patient input and information gathered through diagnostic procedures to create an esthetic treatment scheme. In the case presented here, the NYUCD Esthetic Evaluation Form, intraoral and extraoral photographs, mounted diagnostic casts, physical examination, and radiographs were the diagnostic modalities. The gathered information served as a starting point for a wax-up and intraoral mock-up...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Jason Olitsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Dentistry Today
Giulio E Lancioni, Nirbhay N Singh, Mark F O'Reilly, Jeff Sigafoos, Fiora D'Amico, Luigi M Addante, Katia Pinto
This study assessed whether nine persons with advanced Alzheimer's disease would learn to engage in leg responses (exercise) with the support of a technology-aided program, which provided (a) preferred stimulation contingent on the leg responses and (b) verbal reminders/prompts in case of no responding. The study was conducted according to a non-concurrent multiple baseline design across participants and involved sessions of 5 min. During the baseline, the participants' mean frequencies of leg responses ranged from zero to slightly above two per session...
May 10, 2016: Behavior Modification
Lyndon F Cooper, Lee Culp, Nicole Luedin
OBJECTIVE: The use of overdentures for treatment of oligodontia in adolescent patients using conventional techniques has described limitations. The aim of the case report is to demonstrate the use of CAD (Computer Aided Design) CAM (Computer Aided Manufacture) technology to produce an esthetic monolithic polymethylmethacrylate prosthesis that is retentive and stable on insertion. CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS: Adolescent oligodontia patients are typically not suitable candidates for dental implant therapy...
May 2016: Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry
Mark S Wolff, Rachel Hill, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Stuart Hirsch, Ananda P Dasanayake
UNLABELLED: This paper describes an innovative public health intervention, called 'Smile Grenada', targeting the oral health of children in Grenada utilizing the resources of a US dental school, several oral health care companies, local governmental and public health authorities, and Grenadian school personnel. METHODS: Preintervention visual/tactile caries examinations were collected from 1,092 schoolchildren (mean age 9.9 years, standard deviation, SD = 3.7) in 2010...
2016: Caries Research
Carlos Crivelli, Sergio Jarillo, James A Russell, José-Miguel Fernández-Dols
That all humans recognize certain specific emotions from their facial expression-the Universality Thesis-is a pillar of research, theory, and application in the psychology of emotion. Its most rigorous test occurs in indigenous societies with limited contact with external cultural influences, but such tests are scarce. Here we report 2 such tests. Study 1 was of children and adolescents (N = 68; aged 6-16 years) of the Trobriand Islands (Papua New Guinea, South Pacific) with a Western control group from Spain (N = 113, of similar ages)...
July 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
A A Toropov, A P Toropova, S Begum, P G R Achary
The solubility of gases in various polymers plays an important role for the design of new polymeric materials. Quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) models were designed to predict the solubility of gases such as CO2 and N2 in polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl acetate (PVA) and poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) at different temperatures and pressures by using quasi-SMILES codes. The dataset of 315 systems was split randomly into training, calibration and validation sets; random split 1 led to 214 training (r(2) = 0...
April 2016: SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research
Lalitha Simon, Abdelli Imane, K K Srinivasan, Lokesh Pathak, I Daoud
In silico molecular modeling studies were carried out on some newly synthesized flavanoid analogues. Search for potential targets for these compounds was performed using pharmacophore-mapping algorithm employing inverse screening of some representative compounds to a large set of pharmacophore models constructed from human target proteins. Further, molecular docking studies were carried out to assess binding affinity of these compounds to proteins mediating tumor growth. In vitro anticancer studies were carried out on colon cancer cell lines (HCT116) to assess validity of this approach for target identification of the new compounds...
April 8, 2016: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
Meik Kunz, Chunguang Liang, Santosh Nilla, Alexander Cecil, Thomas Dandekar
The drug-minded protein interaction database (DrumPID) has been designed to provide fast, tailored information on drugs and their protein networks including indications, protein targets and side-targets. Starting queries include compound, target and protein interactions and organism-specific protein families. Furthermore, drug name, chemical structures and their SMILES notation, affected proteins (potential drug targets), organisms as well as diseases can be queried including various combinations and refinement of searches...
2016: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
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