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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643788/terahertz-saturable-absorbers-from-liquid-phase-exfoliation-of-graphite
#1
Vezio Bianchi, Tian Carey, Leonardo Viti, Lianhe Li, Edmund H Linfield, A Giles Davies, Alessandro Tredicucci, Duhee Yoon, Panagiotis G Karagiannidis, Lucia Lombardi, Flavia Tomarchio, Andrea C Ferrari, Felice Torrisi, Miriam S Vitiello
Saturable absorbers (SA) operating at terahertz (THz) frequencies can open new frontiers in the development of passively mode-locked THz micro-sources. Here we report the fabrication of THz SAs by transfer coating and inkjet printing single and few-layer graphene films prepared by liquid phase exfoliation of graphite. Open-aperture z-scan measurements with a 3.5 THz quantum cascade laser show a transparency modulation ∼80%, almost one order of magnitude larger than that reported to date at THz frequencies...
June 15, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642919/correlation-between-antioxidant-activity-and-bonding-strength-on-bleached-enamel
#2
Hellen Caroliny De Carvalho, Ricardo Danil Guiraldo, Regina Célia Poli-Frederico, Sandra Mara Maciel, Sandra Kiss Moura, Murilo Baena Lopes, Sandrine Bittencourt Berger
Objective: This study used the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) method to evaluate the percentage of antioxidant activity (%AA) of green tea (GT) and sodium ascorbate (SA) gel in three concentrations (10%, 20% and 30%), and the influence of these concentrations on the microshear bond strength (μ-SBT) values of bleached enamel, using 10% carbamide peroxide (CP). Materials and methods: Eighty intact third molars were selected to perform the μ-SBT test, and were randomly divided into eight experimental groups: G1: positive control - no treatment; G2: negative control - bleached with CP; G3: PC +10% GT; G4: PC +20% GT; G5: PC +30% GT; G6: PC +10% SA; G7: PC +20% SA and G8: PC +30% SA...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642912/influence-of-10-sodium-ascorbate-gel-application-time-on-composite-bond-strength-to-bleached-enamel
#3
Cintia Gaio Murad, Suellen Nunes de Andrade, Lucio Ramos Disconzi, Eliseu Aldrighi Munchow, Evandro Piva, Renata Correa Pascotto, Sandra Kiss Moura
Objective To analyze bond strength to bleached enamel following application of 10% sodium ascorbate gel. Material and methods Forty third molars were allocated into five groups (n = 8): GP - unbleached specimens restored with composite resin; GN - specimens restored immediately after bleaching; and G15; G30 and G60 (test groups) - bleached specimens treated with 10% sodium ascorbate gel for 15, 30 and 60 min before restoration. The teeth were sectioned and the buccal and lingual faces were restored. After storage in distilled water (37 °C/24 h), sticks of ±0...
December 2016: Acta Biomaterialia Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641813/sensors-and-bioassays-powered-by-upconverting-materials
#4
REVIEW
Diego Mendez-Gonzalez, Enrique Lopez-Cabarcos, Jorge Rubio-Retama, Marco Laurenti
In recent years, considerable efforts have been done to better understand the peculiar emission properties of upconverting materials due to their widespread applications in different and important technological fields such as upconversion-based photoactivated cancer therapies, photoactivated drug-delivery, magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents, bioimaging. However, one of the most promising applications of upconverting materials concerns the field of sensing, due to their unique emission properties. In fact, the minimal autofluorescence, blinking, photo-bleaching, and high photostability makes them an excellent alternative to organic dyes or quantum dots...
June 10, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640603/changes-in-light-absorptivity-of-molecular-weight-separated-brown-carbon-due-to-photolytic-aging
#5
Jenny Pui Shan Wong, Athanasios Nenes, Rodney J Weber
Brown carbon (BrC) are those organic compounds in atmospheric aerosols that absorb solar radiation and may play an important role on planetary radiative forcing and climate. However, little is known about the production and loss mechanisms of BrC in the atmosphere. Here, we study how the light absorptivity of BrC from wood smoke and secondary BrC generated from reaction of ammonium sulfate with methylglyoxal changes under photolytic aging by UVA radiation in the aqueous phase. Owing to its chemical complexity, BrC is separated by molecular weight using size exclusion chromatography and the response of each molecular weight fraction to aging is studied...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636437/tobacco-rattle-virus-trv-mediated-silencing-of-nicotiana-benthamiana-argonautes-nbagos-reveals-new-antiviral-candidates-and-dominant-effects-of-trv-nbago1
#6
Denis Odokonyero, Maria R Mendoza, Peter Moffett, Herman B Scholthof
The objective of this study was to determine the contribution of different ARGONAUTE proteins in Nicotiana benthamiana (NbAGOs) to the defense against silencing sensitive GFP-expressing viral constructs based on Tomato bushy stunt virus (TBSV) (Tombusvirus), Sunn-hemp mosaic virus (Tobamovirus), and Foxtail mosaic virus (Potexvirus). Upon Tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-mediated down-regulation of NbAGO1, 4, 5, or 6, no effects were noted on susceptibility to any virus construct, whereas knockdown of NbAGO2 specifically prevented silencing of P19-defective TBSV (TGdP19)...
June 21, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629072/photodynamic-effect-of-light-harvesting-long-lived-triplet-excited-state-ruthenium-ii-polyimine-coumarin-complexes-dna-binding-photocleavage-and-anticancer-studies
#7
Raju Nomula, Xueyan Wu, Jianzhang Zhao, Nagegownivari R Munirathnam
Two coumarin based Ru(II)-polyimine complexes (Ru-1 and Ru-2) showing intense absorption of visible light and long-lived triplet excited states (~12-15μs) were used for study of the interaction with DNA. The binding of the complexes with CT-DNA were studied by UV-vis, fluorescence and time-resolved nanosecond transient absorption (ns-TA) spectroscopy. The results suggesting that the complexes interact with CT-DNA by intercalation mode of binding, showing the binding constants (Kb) 6.47×10(4) for Ru-1 and 5...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629057/a-facile-strategy-for-fabrication-of-aggregation-induced-emission-aie-active-fluorescent-polymeric-nanoparticles-fpns-via-post-modification-of-synthetic-polymers-and-their-cell-imaging
#8
Yanzhu Liu, Liucheng Mao, Xinhua Liu, Meiying Liu, Dazhuang Xu, Ruming Jiang, Fengjie Deng, Yongxiu Li, Xiaoyong Zhang, Yen Wei
Aggregation-induced emission (AIE) active fluorescent polymeric nanoparticles (FPNs) have recently emerged as the promising nanoprobes for biological imaging for their intensive fluorescence, good photostability, desirable biocompatibility and well designability of structure and optical properties. Herein, we proposed a novel strategy for fabrication of AIE-active FPNs through the post modification of synthetic copolymers to form Schiff base. The size, morphology, optical properties and biocompatibility as well as cell uptake behavior were evaluated in detailed...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628840/nasal-epithelium-injury-by-chlorination-products-and-other-stressors-predicts-persistent-sensitization-to-aeroallergens-in-young-schoolchildren
#9
Alfred Bernard, Antonia Sardella, Catherine Voisin, Xavier Dumont
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitization during childhood is a dynamic process with a substantial rate of remission. Factors influencing this process are largely unknown. METHODS: We conducted a two-year prospective study among 121 schoolchildren (mean age, 5.8 years; 64 boys). We measured urea, club cell protein (CC16), β2-microglobulin and albumin in nasal lavage fluid (NALF) and IgE to cat, pollen or house dust mite (HDM) in nasal mucosa fluid. RESULTS: Odds of persistent sensitization to any aeroallergen increased across baseline ascending tertiles of urea-adjusted β2-microglobulin or albumin and descending tertiles of albumin- or β2-microglobulin-adjusted CC16 (P-trend = 0...
June 16, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627252/phytochemical-and-antioxidant-properties-of-some-cassia-species
#10
Firdose R Kolar, Chaya L Gogi, Mairunisabegum M Khudavand, Meera S Choudhari, Sindhu B Patil
In this study, the antioxidant activity of aqueous and ethanol extracts of four plants from the genus Cassia were evaluated by various antioxidant assays, including ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), DPPH free radical scavenging, metal chelating activity, phosphomolybdenum reducing power, hydrogen peroxide radical scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging, deoxyribose degradation and β-carotene bleaching assay. The various antioxidant activities were compared to standard antioxidant such as ascorbic acid...
June 18, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621833/multiple-external-cervical-root-resorptions-after-home-bleaching-treatment-with-22-carbamide-peroxide
#11
Glauco Rodrigues Velloso, Marcos Motta de Freitas, Adriana Terezinha Neves Novellino Alves, Alan Roger Santos Silva, Eliane Dos Santos Porto Barboza, Vittorio Moraschini
Invasive multiple cervical root resorptions after vital tooth bleaching is a rare condition. The aim of this article is to present a case of multiple external cervical root resorptions (ECRR) after a misguided home whitening treatment. A 34-year-old male patient presented with slight sensitivity and mobility in several teeth. Despite the manufacturer's recommendations, the patient used a 22% carbamide peroxide-based tooth bleaching gel at home for 4 consecutive days, at night, on the upper and lower arches...
June 16, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621306/targeted-two-photon-chemical-apoptotic-ablation-of-defined-cell-types-in-vivo
#12
Robert A Hill, Eyiyemisi C Damisah, Fuyi Chen, Alex C Kwan, Jaime Grutzendler
A major bottleneck limiting understanding of mechanisms and consequences of cell death in complex organisms is the inability to induce and visualize this process with spatial and temporal precision in living animals. Here we report a technique termed two-photon chemical apoptotic targeted ablation (2Phatal) that uses focal illumination with a femtosecond-pulsed laser to bleach a nucleic acid-binding dye causing dose-dependent apoptosis of individual cells without collateral damage. Using 2Phatal, we achieve precise ablation of distinct populations of neurons, glia and pericytes in the mouse brain and in zebrafish...
June 16, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618358/identifying-structural-characteristics-of-humic-acid-to-static-and-dynamic-fluorescence-quenching-of-phenanthrene-9-phenanthrol-and-naphthalene
#13
Lin Wang, Hao Li, Yu Yang, Di Zhang, Min Wu, Bo Pan, Baoshan Xing
Fluorescence quenching is a sensitive and fast method to quantify the interactions between a fluorescent organic contaminant and a quencher, such as dissolved organic matter (DOM). Dynamic fluorescence quenching is resulted from molecular collision, not the real binding, and thus it complicates the binding data interpretation. On the other hand, static fluorescence quenching occurs for fluorescent contaminants of ground states, which decreases the concentration of freely dissolved contaminants. However, how a particular structure in DOM contributes to the static and dynamic fluorescence quenching of a fluorescent contaminant is still unclear, which has greatly hindered the application of fluorescence quenching technique...
June 12, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613438/uhplc-esi-hr-ms-ms-profiling-of-phenolics-from-tunisian-lycium-arabicum-boiss-antioxidant-and-anti-lipase-activities-evaluation
#14
Marwa Affes, Jawhar Fakhfakh, Ines Douad, Vincent Brieudes, Maria Halabalaki, Abdelfattah El Feki, Noureddine Allouche
This study was performed in the aim to evaluate 9 different extracts from Tunisian L. arabicum for their total phenolic (TPC) and total flavonoid (TFC) contents, phytochemical analyses as well as their antioxidant and anti-lipase activities. The in vitro antioxidant property was investigated using three complementary methods (DPPH, Ferric reducing antioxidant capacity (FRAP) and β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching assays) while anti-lipase activity was evaluated using 4-methylumbelliferyl oleate method. From all of the tested extracts the most potent found to be the polar methanol extracts especially those of stems and leaves...
June 14, 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612024/the-potential-of-a-brown-microalga-cultivated-in-high-salt-medium-for-the-production-of-high-value-compounds
#15
Saoussan Boukhris, Khaled Athmouni, Ibtissem Hamza-Mnif, Rayda Siala-Elleuch, Habib Ayadi, Moncef Nasri, Alya Sellami-Kamoun
Amphora sp. was isolated from the Sfax Solar Saltern and cultivated under hypersaline conditions. It contains moderate rates of proteins, lipids, sugars, and minerals and a prominent content of bioactive compounds: polyphenols, chlorophyll a, carotenoids, and fatty acids. The analysis of fatty acids with GC/MS showed that the C16 series accounted for about 75% of Amphora sp. lipids. Saturated fatty acids whose palmitic acid was the most important (27.41%) represented 41.31%. Amphora sp. was found to be rich in monounsaturated fatty acids with dominance of palmitoleic acid...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610701/sensitivity-and-stability-of-optically-stimulated-luminescence-dosimeters-with-filled-deep-electron-hole-traps-under-pre-irradiation-and-bleaching-conditions
#16
So-Yeon Park, Chang Heon Choi, Jong Min Park, Minsoo Chun, Ji Hye Han, Jung-In Kim
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs) with fully filled deep electron/hole traps, and determine the optimal bleaching conditions for these OSLDs to minimize the changes in dose sensitivity or linearity according to the accumulated dose. METHODS: InLight nanoDots were used as OSLDs. The OSLDs were first pre-irradiated at a dose greater than 5kGy to fill the deep electron and hole traps, and then bleached (OSLDfull)...
June 2017: Physica Medica: PM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608553/optimization-of-bleaching-parameters-in-refining-process-of-kenaf-seed-oil-with-a-central-composite-design-model
#17
Sook Chin Chew, Chin Ping Tan, Kar Lin Nyam
Kenaf seed oil has been suggested to be used as nutritious edible oil due to its unique fatty acid composition and nutritional value. The objective of this study was to optimize the bleaching parameters of the chemical refining process for kenaf seed oil, namely concentration of bleaching earth (0.5 to 2.5% w/w), temperature (30 to 110 °C) and time (5 to 65 min) based on the responses of total oxidation value (TOTOX) and color reduction using response surface methodology. The results indicated that the corresponding response surface models were highly statistical significant (P < 0...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606864/suppression-of-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signal-pathway-by-nlrc3-like-protein-in-stony-coral-acropora-aculeus-under-heat-stress
#18
Zhi Zhou, Yibo Wu, Chengkai Zhang, Can Li, Guangmei Chen, Xiaopeng Yu, Xiaowei Shi, Yanlai Xu, Lingui Wang, Bo Huang
Heat stress is the most common factor for coral bleaching, which has increased both in frequency and severity due to global warming. In the present study, the stony coral Acropora aculeus was subjected to acute heat stress and entire transcriptomes were sequenced via the next generation sequencing platform. Four paired-end libraries were constructed and sequenced in two groups, including a control and a heat stress group. A total of 120,319,751 paired-end reads with lengths of 2 × 100 bp were assembled and 55,021 coral-derived genes were obtained...
June 9, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605193/visible-to-nir-electrochromic-device-prepared-from-a-thermally-polymerizable-electroactive-organic-monomer
#19
Monika Wałęsa-Chorab, W G Skene
A monomer (1) consisting of a benzothiadiazole core flanked by two triphenylamines and two styrene pendant moieties was prepared. The monomer was fluorescent with its emission spanning 145 nm in the visible, contingent on the organic solvent used for the measurement. In addition to its positive solvatochromism, the absolute fluorescence quantum yield (Φfl) was consistently >20% with values >80% being measured in hexane, toluene, diethyl ether, and toluene. 1 could be reversibly oxidized with an oxidation potential of 880 mV vs SCE...
June 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605169/stable-organic-radicals-in-lignin-a-review
#20
Dimitris Argyropoulos, Shradha S Patil
Lignin and the quest for the origin of stable organic radicals in it have seen numerous developments. Although there have been various speculations over the years on the formation of these stable radicals, researchers have not been to arrive at a solid, unequivocal hypothesis that applies to all treatments and types of lignin. The extreme complexity of lignin and its highly aromatic, crosslinked, branched and rigid structure has made such efforts rather cumbersome. Since the early fifties, researchers in this field have dedicated their efforts to establish methods for the detection and determination of spin content, theoretical simulations, and reactions on model compounds and spin trapping studies...
June 12, 2017: ChemSusChem
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