Read by QxMD icon Read


Sian Genoud, Blaine R Roberts, Adam P Gunn, Glenda M Halliday, Simon J G Lewis, Helen J Ball, Dominic J Hare, Kay L Double
Elevated iron and decreased copper levels are cardinal features of the degenerating substantia nigra pars compacta in the Parkinson's disease brain. Both of these redox-active metals, and fellow transition metals manganese and zinc, are found at high concentrations within the midbrain and participate in a range of unique biological reactions. We examined the total metal content and cellular compartmentalisation of manganese, iron, copper and zinc in the degenerating substantia nigra, disease-affected but non-degenerating fusiform gyrus, and unaffected occipital cortex in the post mortem Parkinson's disease brain compared with age-matched controls...
September 25, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
Zeba Farooqui, Faaiza Shahid, Subuhi Abidi, Iqbal Parwez, Farah Khan
Therapeutic use of cisplatin (CP), an effective anticancer drug, is limited by dose dependent nephrotoxicity. Thymoquinone (TQ), the major Nigella sativa seed oil constituent has been shown to prevent progression of various renal disorders. The present study investigates the protective effect of TQ on CP-induced nephrotoxicity. Rats were divided into six groups viz. control, CP, CPTQ1, CPTQ2, CPTQ3, and TQ alone group. Animals in CP and TQ combination groups were administered TQ (0.5, 1.5, and 3 mg/kg bwt, orally) with single intraperitoneal dose of CP (6 mg/kg bwt)...
September 24, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Lars Kohler, Ryan G Hadt, Dugan Hayes, Lin X Chen, Karen L Mulfort
In this report we describe the synthesis of a new phenanthroline ligand, 2,9-di(2,4,6-tri-isopropyl-phenyl)-1,10-phenanthroline (bL2) and its use as the blocking ligand in the preparation of two new heteroleptic Cu(i)diimine complexes. Analysis of the CuHETPHEN single crystal structures shows a distinct distortion from an ideal tetrahedral geometry around the Cu(i) center, forced by the secondary phenanthroline ligand rotating to accommodate the isopropyl groups of bL2. The increased steric bulk of bL2 as compared to the more commonly used 2,9-dimesityl-1,10-phenanthroline blocking ligand prohibits intramolecular ligand-ligand interaction, which is unique among CuHETPHEN complexes...
September 25, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Caihong Zhang, Tyler D Biggs, Nelmi O Devarie-Baez, Shaomin Shuang, Chuan Dong, Ming Xian
The formation of S-nitrosothiols (SNO) in protein cysteine residues is an important post-translational modification elicited by nitric oxide (NO). This process is involved in virtually every class of cell signaling and has attracted considerable attention in redox biology. On the other hand, their unique structural characters make SNO potentially useful synthons. In this review, we summarized the fundamental chemical/physical properties of SNO. We also highlighted the reported chemical reactions of SNO, including the reactions with phosphine reagents, sulfinic acids, various nucleophiles, SNO-mediated radical additions, and the reactions of acyl SNO species...
September 25, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Allison Bailey, Pierre De Wit, Peter Thor, Howard I Browman, Reidun Bjelland, Steven Shema, David M Fields, Jeffrey A Runge, Cameron Thompson, Haakon Hop
Ocean acidification is the increase in seawater pCO 2 due to the uptake of atmospheric anthropogenic CO 2, with the largest changes predicted to occur in the Arctic seas. For some marine organisms, this change in pCO 2, and associated decrease in pH, represents a climate change-related stressor. In this study, we investigated the gene expression patterns of nauplii of the Arctic copepod Calanus glacialis cultured at low pH levels. We have previously shown that organismal-level performance (development, growth, respiration) of C...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
Eachan O Johnson, Luet-Lok Wong
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes catalyze the insertion of oxygen into carbon-hydrogen bonds and have great potential for enzymatic synthesis. Application development of class I CYPs is hampered by their dependence on two redox partners (a ferredoxin and ferredoxin reductase), slowing catalysis compared to self-sufficient CYPs such as CYP102A1 (P450BM3). Previous attempts to address this have fused all three components in several permutations and geometries, with much reduced activity compared to the native system...
October 21, 2016: Catalysis Science & Technology
Brady A Ziegler, Madeline E Schreiber, Isabelle M Cozzarelli, G-H Crystal Ng
Natural attenuation of organic contaminants in groundwater can give rise to a series of complex biogeochemical reactions that release secondary contaminants to groundwater. In a crude oil contaminated aquifer, biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons is coupled with the reduction of ferric iron (Fe(III)) hydroxides in aquifer sediments. As a result, naturally occurring arsenic (As) adsorbed to Fe(III) hydroxides in the aquifer sediment is mobilized from sediment into groundwater. However, Fe(III) in sediment of other zones of the aquifer has the capacity to attenuate dissolved As via resorption...
September 21, 2017: Environmental Pollution
Olga S Savinova, Konstantin V Moiseenko, Ekaterina A Vavilova, Tatiana V Tyazhelova, Daria V Vasina
Utilization of laccases in biotechnology and bioremediation has created a strong demand for the characterization of new enzymes and an increase in production of known laccases. Thus, additional research into these enzymes is critically needed. In this study, we report a comparative study of the biochemical and transcriptional properties of two different laccase isozymes from Trametes hirsuta 072 - the constitutive and inducible forms. A recombinant LacC enzyme was expressed in Penicillium canescens to characterize its properties...
September 21, 2017: Biochimie
Rong Fan, Tong Pan, An-Li Zhu, Mei-Hong Zhang
BACKGROUND: Naringenin, a bioflavonoid present in various species of citrus fruit, tomatoes and grapes, has been shown to have various pharmacological effects. We evaluated the anti-arthritic potential of naringenin in formaldehyde-induced inflammation and complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis. METHODS: For both evaluations, rats were divided into groups of six. Different doses of naringenin (5, 10 and 20mg/kg) were used in the models. Body weight and the arthritic index were assessed...
April 13, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
Joseph McGrath, Stéphane M Duval, Luis F M Tamassia, Maik Kindermann, René T Stemmler, Vinícius N de Gouvea, Tiago S Acedo, Irmgard Immig, Scot N Williams, Pietro Celi
This review examines the role of nutritional strategies to improve lifetime performance in ruminants. Strategies to increase ruminants' productive longevity by means of nutritional interventions provide the opportunity not only to increase their lifetime performances and their welfare, but also to decrease their environmental impact. This paper will also address how such nutritional interventions can increase herd efficiency and farm profitability. The key competencies reviewed in this article are redox balance, skeletal development and health, nutrient utilization and sustainability, which includes rearing ruminants without antibiotics and methane mitigation...
September 12, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
Deepika Kandoi, Sasmita Mohanty, Baishnab C Tripathy
The plastidic C4 Zea mays NADP-malate dehydrogenase (ZmNADP-MDH), responsible for catalysis of oxaloacetate to malate, was overexpressed in Arabidopsis thaliana to assess its impact on photosynthesis and tolerance to salinity stress. Different transgenic lines were produced having ~3-6-fold higher MDH protein abundance and NADP-MDH enzyme activity than vector control. The overexpressors had similar chlorophyll, carotenoid, and protein content as that of vector control. Their photosynthetic electron transport rates, carbon assimilation rate, and consequently fresh weight and dry weight were almost similar...
September 24, 2017: Protoplasma
Hui Wang, Xian Cao, Lei Li, Zhou Fang, Xianning Li
Soil microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a sustainable technology that degrades organic pollutants while generating electricity. However, there have been no detailed studies of the mechanisms of pollutant degradation in soil MFCs. In this study, the effects of external resistance and electrode effectiveness on atrazine and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) degradation were evaluated, the performance of soil MFCs in the degradation of these pollutants under different soil redox conditions was assessed, and the associated microorganisms in the anode were investigated...
September 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Amy R Cameron, Lisa Logie, Kashyap Patel, Stefan Erhardt, Sandra Bacon, Paul Middleton, Jean Harthill, Calum Forteath, Josh T Coats, Calum Kerr, Heather Curry, Derek Stewart, Kei Sakamoto, Peter Repiščák, Martin J Paterson, Ilmo Hassinen, Gordon McDougall, Graham Rena
Many guanide-containing drugs are antihyperglycaemic but most exhibit toxicity, to the extent that only the biguanide metformin has enjoyed sustained clinical use. Here, we have isolated unique mitochondrial redox control properties of metformin that are likely to account for this difference. In primary hepatocytes and H4IIE hepatoma cells we found that antihyperglycaemic diguanides DG5-DG10 and the biguanide phenformin were up to 1000-fold more potent than metformin on cell signalling responses, gluconeogenic promoter expression and hepatocyte glucose production...
August 26, 2017: Redox Biology
Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Marcela Konjevod, Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Dubravka Svob Strac, Lucija Tudor, Coral Barbas, Tilman Grune, Neven Zarkovic, Nela Pivac
Schizophrenia, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are severe mental disorders and complicated diagnostic entities, due to their phenotypic, biological and genetic heterogeneity, unknown etiology, and poorly understood alterations in biological pathways and biological mechanisms. Disturbed homeostasis between overproduction of oxidant species, overcoming redox regulation and a lack of cellular antioxidant defenses, resulting in free radical-mediated pathology and subsequent neurotoxicity contributes to development of depression, schizophrenia and PTSD, their heterogeneous clinical presentation and resistance to treatment...
September 6, 2017: Redox Biology
C Nagendranatha Reddy, A Naresh Kumar, S Venkata Mohan
The treatment of azo dye wastewater was studied in a periodic discontinuous batch reactor (PDBR) at high loading condition (1250mg/l) under anoxic microenvironments. PDBR performance was evaluated by varying the time period of aerobic microenvironment during the cycle operation [before multiphasing (BMP; Control), 0.014; after multiphasing (AMP): AMPI, 0.84; AMPII, 0.73; AMPIII, 0.65]. Induction of air in anoxic-PDBR facilitated the simultaneous oxidation and reduction conditions and thus resulted higher dye removal efficiency with AMPIII strategy (65%) followed by AMPII (59...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Michael W Handlogten, Allison Lee-O'Brien, Gargi Roy, Sophia V Levitskaya, Raghavan Venkat, Shailendra Singh, Sanjeev Ahuja
A key goal in process development for antibodies is to increase productivity while maintaining or improving product quality. During process development of an antibody, titers were increased from 4 to 10 g/L while simultaneously decreasing aggregates. Process development involved optimization of media and feed formulations, feed strategy, and process parameters including pH and temperature. To better understand how CHO cells respond to process changes, the changes were implemented in a stepwise manner. The first change was an optimization of the feed formulation, the second was an optimization of the medium, and the third was an optimization of process parameters...
September 23, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Damian Plażuk, Anna Wieczorek, Wojciech M Ciszewski, Karolina Kowalczyk, Andrzej Błauż, Sylwia Pawlędzio, Anna Makal, Chatchakorn Eurtivong, Homayon J Arabshahi, Jóhannes Reynisson, Christian G Hartinger, Błażej Rychlik
Taxanes, including paclitaxel, are widely used in cancer therapy. In an attempt to overcome some of the disadvantages entailed with taxane chemotherapy, we devised the synthesis of ferrocenyl-decorated paclitaxels and studied their biological properties. The cytotoxic activity was measured in a panel of human cancer cell lines of different tissue origin including also multidrug resistant ones. A structure-activity study of paclitaxel ferrocenylation revealed that the N-benzoyl ferrocenyl substituted derivative was the most cytotoxic...
September 21, 2017: ChemMedChem
Tingting Fan, Zhuona Rong, Jianyi Dong, Juan Li, Kangwei Wang, Xinxin Wang, Huiling Li, Jun Chen, Fujin Wang, Jingyu Wang, Aiguo Wang
Activation of the Ras/MAPK pathway is prevalently involved in the occurrence and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, its effects on the deregulated cellular metabolic processes involved in HCC in vivo remain unknown. In this study, a mouse model of HCC induced by hepatocyte-specific expression of the Hras12V oncogene was investigated using an integrative analysis of metabolomics and transcriptomics data. Consistent with the phenotype of abundant lipid droplets in HCC, the lipid biosynthesis in HCC was significantly enhanced by (1) a sufficient supply of acetyl-CoA from enhanced glycolysis and citrate shuttle activity; (2) a sufficient supply of NADPH from enhanced pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) activity; (3) upregulation of key enzymes associated with lipid biosynthesis; and (4) downregulation of key enzymes associated with bile acid biosynthesis...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Medicine
Yanqun Ning, Xiaobing Lou, Chao Li, Xiaoshi Hu, Bingwen Hu
The controllable synthesis and structural tailoring of nanostructured metal organic frameworks (MOFs) is of huge significance in boosting their potential for rechargeable batteries. We herein present the facile synthesis of cobalt-based ultrathin metal- organic framework nanosheets (referred as "u-CoTDA") by using 2, 5-thiophenedicarboxylic (H2TDA) as the organic building block through a one-pot ultrasonic method for the first time. The obtained u-CoTDA exhibits high reversible capacity (790 mAh g-1 after 400 cycles at 1 A g-1) and excellent rate capability (694 mAh g-1 at 2 A g-1), which outperforms its bulk counterpart...
September 21, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Armel N Femnou, Sarah Kuzmiak-Glancy, Raul Covian, Abigail V Giles, Matthew W Kay, Robert S Balaban
Absorbance spectroscopy of intrinsic cardiac chromophores provides non-destructive assessment of cytosolic oxygenation and mitochondria redox state. Isolated perfused heart spectroscopy is usually conducted by collecting reflected light from the heart surface, which represents a combination of surface scattering events and light that traversed portions of the myocardium. Reflectance spectroscopy with complex surface scattering effects in the beating heart leads to difficulty in quantitating chromophore absorbance...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"