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Kate E R Hollinshead, Haydn Munford, Katherine L Eales, Chiara Bardella, Chunjie Li, Cristina Escribano-Gonzalez, Alpesh Thakker, Yannic Nonnenmacher, Katarina Kluckova, Mark Jeeves, Robert Murren, Federica Cuozzo, Dan Ye, Giulio Laurenti, Wei Zhu, Karsten Hiller, David J Hodson, Wei Hua, Ian P Tomlinson, Christian Ludwig, Ying Mao, Daniel A Tennant
Since the discovery of mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) in gliomas and other tumors, significant efforts have been made to gain a deeper understanding of the consequences of this oncogenic mutation. One aspect of the neomorphic function of the IDH1 R132H enzyme that has received less attention is the perturbation of cellular redox homeostasis. Here, we describe a biosynthetic pathway exhibited by cells expressing mutant IDH1. By virtue of a change in cellular redox homeostasis, IDH1-mutated cells synthesize excess glutamine-derived proline through enhanced activity of pyrroline 5-carboxylate reductase 1 (PYCR1), coupled to NADH oxidation...
March 20, 2018: Cell Reports
Michal Hricovíni, Milan Mazúr, Angela Sîrbu, Oleg Palamarciuc, Vladimir B Arion, Vlasta Brezová
X- and Q-band electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy was used to characterize polycrystalline Cu(II) complexes that contained sodium 5-sulfonate salicylaldehyde thiosemicarbazones possessing a hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, or phenyl substituent at the terminal nitrogen. The ability of thiosemicarbazone proligands to generate superoxide radical anions and hydroxyl radicals upon their exposure to UVA irradiation in aerated aqueous solutions was evidenced by the EPR spin trapping technique. The UVA irradiation of proligands in neutral or alkaline solutions and dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) caused a significant decrease in the absorption bands of aldimine and phenolic chromophores...
March 21, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hunter G Moss, Truman R Brown, Donald B Wiest, Dorothea D Jenkins
Persistent oxidative stress depletes reduced glutathione (GSH), an intracellular antioxidant and an important determinant of CNS injury after hypoxia ischemia. We used standard, short echo time Stimulated Echo Acquisition Mode (STEAM) to detect GSH by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in 24 term neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE), on day of life 5-6, after rewarming from therapeutic hypothermia. MRS demonstrated reliable, consistent GSH of 1·64 ± 0·20 mM in the basal ganglia immediately before intravenous infusion of N-acetylcysteine...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Igor L Fedushkin, Anton N Lukoyanov, Evgeny V Baranov
The reduction of 1,2-bis[(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imino]acenaphthene (dpp-Bian) with an excess of La metal in the presence of iodine (dpp-Bian/I2 = 2/1) in tetrahydrofuran (thf) or dimethoxyethane (dme) affords lanthanum(III) complexes of dpp-Bian dianion: deep blue [(dpp-Bian)2- LaI(thf)2 ]2 (1, 84%) was isolated by crystallization of the product from hexane, while deep green [(dpp-Bian)LaI(dme)2 ] (2, 93%) precipitated from the reaction mixture in the course of its synthesis. A treatment of complex 1 with 0...
March 21, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
HyeJin Lee, Suk Bum Lim, Jin Young Kim, Mihee Jeong, Yong Joon Park, Won-Sub Yoon
Li-rich layered oxide has been known to possess high specific capacity beyond the theoretical value from both charge compensation in transition metal and oxygen in the redox reaction. Although it could achieve higher reversible capacity due to the oxygen anion participating in electrochemical reaction, however, its use in energy storage systems has been limited. The reason is the irreversible oxygen reaction that occurs during the initial charge cycle, resulting in structural instability due to oxygen evolution and phase transition...
March 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Arnab Bhattacharyya, Aida Jameei, Aditya Garai, Rupak Saha, Anjali A Karande, Akhil R Chakravarty
Copper(ii) acetylacetonates of N,N,N-donor dipicolylamine (dpa) ligands, viz. [Cu(L1)(acac)]ClO4 (1), [Cu(L2)(acac)]ClO4 (2) and [Cu(L3)(acac)]ClO4 (3), where L1 is benzyldipicolylamine (bzdpa), L2 and L3 are non-iodinated and diiodinated BODIPY (borondipyrromethene) ligands and Hacac is acetylacetone, were synthesized and characterized and their photocytotoxicity was studied. The BODIPY complex 2, structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography, has copper(ii) in a distorted square-pyramidal geometry (degree of trigonality, τ5 = 0...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Mengmeng Li, Ying Dai, Wei Wei, Baibiao Huang
Developing two-dimensional (2D) photocatalysts based on traditional layered materials provides new opportunities for photocatalytic applications. However, unlike van der Waals layered structures, the recently synthesized Bi2WO6 monolayer with unsaturated atoms showed more diverse photocatalytic performances. Here, a systematic study about the electronic and photocatalytic properties of monolayer, double-layer and bulk phase (MP, DP and BP) Bi2WO6 was carried out with first-principles calculations to disclose the origin of the superior photocatalytic activities of 2D Bi2WO6...
March 21, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sarah Theiner, Márkó Grabarics, Luis Galvez, Hristo P Varbanov, Nadine S Sommerfeld, Markus Galanski, Bernhard K Keppler, Gunda Koellensperger
The potential advantage of platinum(iv) complexes as alternatives to classical platinum(ii)-based drugs relies on their kinetic stability in the body before reaching the tumor site and on their activation by reduction inside cancer cells. In this study, an analytical workflow has been developed to investigate the reductive biotransformation and kinetic inertness of platinum(iv) prodrugs comprising different ligand coordination spheres (respectively, lipophilicity and redox behavior) in whole human blood. The distribution of platinum(iv) complexes in blood pellets and plasma was determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) after microwave digestion...
March 21, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
A Muhammad, M A Ibrahim, H A Mohammed, O L Erukainure, I Malami, A Suleiman, A Mansir, A Godwin, H A Khalil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
K Szewczyk-Golec, R Wesołowski, I Hołyńska-Iwan
Malaria belongs to the most dangerous infectious diseases globally. Every effort to understand the mechanisms involved in Plasmodium spp. malaria infection and the antimalarial action cannot be overestimated. We have read with great interest the recently published article by Muhammad et al. entitled "Alteration of redox status by commonly used antimalarial drugs in the north-western region of Nigeria." Several questions have arisen about the conducted study that we would like to comment on.
January 1, 2018: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Peter R Tentscher, Marc Bourgin, Urs von Gunten
Phenolic moieties are common functional groups in organic micropollutants and in dissolved organic matter, and are exposed to ozone during drinking water and wastewater ozonation. Although unsubstituted phenol is known to yield potentially genotoxic p-benzoquinone during ozonation, little is known about the effects of substitution of the phenol ring on transformation product formation. With batch experiments employing differing ozone/target compound ratios, it is shown that para-substituted phenols ( p-alkyl, p-halo, p-cyano, p-methoxy, p-formyl, p-carboxy) yield p-benzoquinones, p-substituted catechols, and 4-hydroxy-4-alkyl-cyclohexadien-1-ones as common ozonation products...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
László Potor, Péter Nagy, Gábor Méhes, Zoltán Hendrik, Viktória Jeney, Dávid Pethő, Anita Vasas, Zoltán Pálinkás, Enikő Balogh, Ágnes Gyetvai, Matthew Whiteman, Roberta Torregrossa, Mark E Wood, Sándor Olvasztó, Péter Nagy, György Balla, József Balla
The infiltration of red blood cells into atheromatous plaques is implicated in atherogenesis. Inside the lesion, hemoglobin (Hb) is oxidized to ferri- and ferrylHb which exhibit prooxidant and proinflammatory activities. Cystathione gamma-lyase- (CSE-) derived H2 S has been suggested to possess various antiatherogenic actions. Expression of CSE was upregulated predominantly in macrophages, foam cells, and myofibroblasts of human atherosclerotic lesions derived from carotid artery specimens of patients. A similar pattern was observed in aortic lesions of apolipoprotein E-deficient mice on high-fat diet...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Cong Liu, Xiufen Liu, Jing Qi, Om Prakash Pant, Cheng-Wei Lu, Jilong Hao
Protein deglycase DJ-1 (Parkinson disease protein 7) is a 20 kDa protein encoded by PARK7 gene. It is also known as a redox-sensitive chaperone and sensor that protect cells against oxidative stress-induced cell death in many human diseases. Though increasing evidence implicates that DJ-1 may also participate in ocular diseases, the overview of DJ-1 in ocular diseases remains elusive. In this review, we discuss the role as well as the underlying molecular mechanisms of DJ-1 in ocular diseases, including Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD), age-related macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, and ocular neurodegenerative diseases, highlighting that DJ-1 may serve as a very striking therapeutic target for ocular diseases...
2018: International Journal of Medical Sciences
T H Wang, S Y Wang, X D Wang, H Q Jiang, Y Q Yang, Y Wang, J L Cheng, C T Zhang, W W Liang, H L Feng
Oxidative stress exhibits a central role in the course of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a progressive neurodegenerative disease commonly found to include a copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene mutation. Fisetin, a natural antioxidant, has shown benefits in varied neurodegenerative diseases. The possible effect of fisetin in ALS has not been clarified as of yet. We investigated whether fisetin affected mutant hSOD1 ALS models. Three different hSOD1-related mutant models were used: Drosophila expressing mutant hSOD1G85R , hSOD1G93A NSC34 cells, and transgenic mice...
March 17, 2018: Neuroscience
Gisela Weibel, Urs Eggenberger, Dmitrii A Kulik, Wolfgang Hummel, Stefan Schlumberger, Waldemar Klink, Martin Fisch, Urs K Mäder
Fly ash from municipal solid waste incineration contains a large potential for recyclable metals such as Zn, Pb, Cu and Cd. The Swiss Waste Ordinance prescribes the treatment of fly ash and recovery of metals to be implemented by 2021. More than 60% of the fly ash in Switzerland is acid leached according to the FLUWA process, which provides the basis for metal recovery. The investigation and optimization of the FLUWA process is of increasing interest and an industrial solution for direct metal recovery within Switzerland is in development...
March 17, 2018: Waste Management
Bhaskar Mitra, Rene Lametsch, Tolga Akcan, Jorge Ruiz-Carrascal
The impact of thermal processing on meat proteins oxidation was investigated. Cooking treatments included 58 °C for either 72 min or 17 h (mimicking low temperature-long time sous vide cooking), 80, 98 and 160 °C for 72 min (mimicking common cooked meat products, stewing and roasting, respectively) and 118 °C for 8 min (autoclaving). Tryptophan degradation, fluorescent oxidation products, free thiol content and α-aminoadipic and γ-glutamic semialdehydes were tracked. For all of them, there was a consistent trend to increased levels of oxidative damage with higher cooking temperatures and longer cooking times, although the extent varied from one indicator to another...
March 10, 2018: Meat Science
Subramanian Jambu, Masilamani Tamizmani, Masilamani Jeganmohan
A Ru(II)-catalyzed, redox-free, two-fold aromatic/allylic C-H bond activation of aromatic acids with allylic acetates to give ( Z)-3-ylidenephthalides is described. In the reaction, H2 was formed as a side product. The detailed mechanistic investigation and DFT studies including the transition-state analysis support the postulate that the C-H allylation takes place at the ortho position of aromatic acids with allylic acetates followed by intramolecular cyclization at the allylic C(sp3 )-H via a π-allylruthenium intermediate...
March 20, 2018: Organic Letters
Jia-Yu Zhang, Xin-Hua Duan, Jun-Cheng Yang, Li-Na Guo
Metal-catalyzed cyanoalkylation/cyclization of olefinic 1,3-dicarbonyls with cycloketone oxime esters has been developed under redox-neutral conditions. This protocol provided a straightforward approach to diverse cyanoalkylated 2,3-dihydrofurans via a tandem ring-opening/addition/cyclization process.
March 20, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Kolla Rajasekhar, Kapilkumar Mehta, Thimmaiah Govindaraju
Amyloid beta (Aβ) aggregation is the key trait responsible for the pathological devastation caused by Alzheimer's disease (AD). Among the various pathways of multifaceted toxicity exhibited by Aβ aggregates in neuronal cells, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Aβ-CuII complex and mitochondrial damage are prominent. Aβ interferes with mitochondrial transport channels, causing mitochondrial dysfunction. Herein, we present nontoxic hybrid multifunctional modulators (HMMs, TGR86-88) developed by integrating the structural and functional features of the metal chelating aggregation modulator, clioquinol (Clq) and the antioxidant epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)...
March 20, 2018: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Guozhu Chen, Yong Wang, Yunwei Wei, Wei Zhao, Daowei Gao, Hongxiao Yang, Cuncheng Li
Noble metal nanoparticle based catalysts are widely used for the removal of hazardous materials. During the catalytic reactions, it is of particular importance for developing novel strategies to avoid the leaching or sintering of noble metal nanoparticles. Here, the 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) and CO, typical hazardous chemicals in industrial water and exhaust gases from vehicles, are studied for their removal using CeO2@Au@CeO2-MnO2 catalyst. The sandwich hollow structure is achieved by means of successive interfacial redox reaction without any surfactants and involving any surface modifications...
March 20, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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