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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905642/-application-of-a-social-capital-scale-in-older-women-attending-public-primary-care-clinics
#1
Estela Arcos, Ximena Sánchez, Christine Bailey, Luis González, Antonia Vollrath, Luz Angélica Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Social capital is an economical idea that refers to connections between individuals and entities that can be economically valuable. AIM: To establish the relationship of social capital as a health care asset, with sociodemographic variables of older women attending public health care services. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Chen’s Personal Social Capital scale was applied to 113 women aged between 64 and 80 years during 2014. Cronbach’s alpha of the instrument was calculated...
August 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905103/subjective-well-being-in-the-new-china-religion-social-capital-and-social-status
#2
Yunsong Chen, Mark Williams
We present the first nationally representative evidence on the relationship between religion and subjective well-being for the case of China. Research on Western societies tends to find a positive association between being religious and level of well-being. China provides an interesting critical case as the religious population is growing rapidly and the religious and socioeconomic environments are profoundly different from Western societies, implying different mechanisms might be at work. We hypothesize to find a positive association between religion and well-being in China too, but argue social capital, for which strong evidence is often found in Western societies, is unlikely to be an important mechanism because religion in China is generally non-congregational...
December 2016: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895268/credit-with-health-education-in-benin-a-cluster-randomized-trial-examining-impacts-on-knowledge-and-behavior
#3
Dean Karlan, Bram Thuysbaert, Bobbi Gray
We evaluate whether health education integrated into microcredit lending groups reduces health risks by improving health knowledge and self-reported behaviors among urban and rural borrowers in eastern Benin. In 2007, we randomly assigned 138 villages in the Plateau region of Benin to one of four variations of a group liability credit product, varying lending groups' gender composition and/or inclusion of health education using a 2 × 2 design. Women in villages receiving health education, regardless of gender composition of the groups, showed improved knowledge of malaria and of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS), but not of childhood illness danger signs...
November 28, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893204/estimating-the-economic-burden-of-lung-cancer-in-iran
#4
Satar Rezaei, Ali Akbari Sari, Abraha Woldemichael, Moslem Soofi, Ali Kazemi, Behzad Karami Matin
Objectives: Lung cancer is a major public health problem and one of the most costly illnesses. The study aimed to estimate the economic burden of lung cancer in Iran in 2014. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the direct and indirect costs for patients with lung cancer using a prevalence-based approach. A human capital approach was employed to estimate the indirect costs. Data were obtained from several sources such as through patient interview using structured questionnaire, medical records, the GLOBOCAN databases, the Iranian Statistical Center, the Iranian Ministry of Cooperation, Labor and Social Welfare, and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME)...
January 10, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892914/the-effects-of-transformational-leadership-and-mediating-factors-on-the-organizational-success-using-structural-equation-modeling-a-case-study
#5
Ramin Ravangard, Sakine Karimi, Payam Farhadi, Zahra Sajjadnia, Nasrin Shokrpour
This study was undertaken to determine the effects of transformational leadership (TL) and mediating factors on organizational success (OS) from the administrative, financial, and support employees' perspective in teaching hospitals affiliated with Shiraz University of Medical Sciences using structural equation modeling. Three hundred administrative and financial employees were selected, using stratified sampling proportional to size and simple random sampling. Data were collected using 5 questionnaires and analyzed using SPSS 21...
January 2016: Health Care Manager
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890542/social-capital-and-suicidal-ideation-in-community-dwelling-older-residents-a-multilevel-analysis-of-10-094-subjects-in-japan
#6
Masayuki Noguchi, Tomoko Kobayashi, Toshihide Iwase, Etsuji Suzuki, Ichiro Kawachi, Soshi Takao
OBJECTIVE: Social capital, the collective resources of groups including perceptions of trust and reciprocity, is recognized as an important contributor to suicide. We examined the association of individual- and community-level social capital with suicidal ideation after adjusting for social support among older adults living in the community. METHODS: In August 2010 we sent questionnaires to all residents aged 65 years and older living in 3 rural municipalities (N = 21,232) in Okayama Prefecture, Japan; 13,919 questionnaires were returned (response rate: 65...
November 4, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889283/suicidal-ideation-and-social-capital-community-matters
#7
EDITORIAL
Adam Simning, Yeates Conwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886737/social-context-of-first-birth-timing-in-a-rapidly-changing-rural-setting
#8
Dirgha J Ghimire
This article examines the influence of social context on the rate of first birth. Drawing on socialization models, I develop a theoretical framework to explain how different aspects of social context (i.e., neighbors), may affect the rate of first birth. Neighbors, who in the study setting comprise individuals' immediate social context, have an important influence on the rate of first birth. To test my hypotheses, I leverage a setting, measures and analytical techniques designed to study the impact of macro-level social contexts on micro-level individual behavior...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886733/maternal-social-status-early-health-capital-and-young-adults-economic-attainment-early-life-course-investigation
#9
Jihyoung Kim, K A S Wickrama
Using survey data collected from 12,278 adolescents and their mothers over 13 years in a nationally representative National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examined how maternal social status influenced young adults' economic attainment over the early life course. We found that weight at birth and height at adolescence as early health capital mediated the influence of maternal social status on young adults' economic attainment. Also, adolescents' educational attainment and psychological vulnerabilities mediated the relation between early health capital and young adults' economic attainment...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886731/social-capital-friendship-networks-and-youth-unemployment
#10
Martin Hällsten, Christofer Edling, Jens Rydgren
Youth unemployment is a contemporary social problem in many societies. Youths often have limited access to information about jobs and limited social influence, yet little is known about the relationship between social capital and unemployment risk among youth. We study the effect of social capital on unemployment risk in a sample of 19 year olds of Swedish, Iranian, and Yugoslavian origin living in Sweden (N = 1590). We distinguish between two dimensions of social capital: occupational contact networks and friendship networks...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886729/reducing-children-s-behavior-problems-through-social-capital-a-causal-assessment
#11
Ruth N López Turley, Adam Gamoran, Alyn Turner McCarty, Rachel Fish
Behavior problems among young children have serious detrimental effects on short and long-term educational outcomes. An especially promising prevention strategy may be one that focuses on strengthening the relationships among families in schools, or social capital. However, empirical research on social capital has been constrained by conceptual and causal ambiguity. This study attempts to construct a more focused conceptualization of social capital and aims to determine the causal effects of social capital on children's behavior...
January 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885770/the-power-of-symbolic-capital-in-patient-and-public-involvement-in-health-research
#12
Louise Locock, Anne-Marie Boylan, Rosamund Snow, Sophie Staniszewska
BACKGROUND: Policy-makers and health research funders increasingly require researchers to demonstrate that they have involved patients in the design and conduct of research. However, the extent to which patients and public have the power to get involved on an equal footing is dependent on their economic, cultural, social and symbolic capital. OBJECTIVE: To explore power relations in patient and public involvement (PPI) in research, particularly how patients may wield symbolic capital to develop a more equal relationship...
November 24, 2016: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884133/recovering-disrupted-social-capital-insights-from-lao-dpr-rural-villagers-perceptions-of-local-leadership
#13
Jinho Kim, Ji-Hye Kim, Vanphanom Sychareun, Minah Kang
BACKGROUND: Social capital is often believed to be one of the key prerequisites for successful implementation of community-based health programs. In less-developed countries, local leaders are positioned as major players in broad community health strategies and interventions, and their capacities and roles are expected to increase in prominence in future community-health-care promotions. In this study, we examined how local leaders' capacities could be related to social capital in rural villages in Lao PDR, and thus to villagers' willingness to participate in community-based health efforts...
November 25, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883941/smallholder-farmers-behavioural-intentions-towards-sustainable-agricultural-practices
#14
Woldegebrial Zeweld, Guido Van Huylenbroeck, Girmay Tesfay, Stijn Speelman
The introduction of sustainable practices is considered a win-win strategy for low-income countries because of its potential to simultaneously improve food security and address environmental issues. Despite the numerous studies that focus on the adoption of technological innovations, little work has been done on the socio-psychological behaviour of farmers with regard to sustainable practices. This study investigates smallholder farmers' intentions towards two practices: minimum tillage and row planting. The decomposed theory of planned behaviour is used as a theoretical framework to analyse the intentions...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878539/what-s-counted-as-a-reindeer-herder-gender-and-the-adaptive-capacity-of-sami-reindeer-herding-communities-in-sweden
#15
Astri Buchanan, Maureen G Reed, Gun Lidestav
Researchers of adaptive capacity and sustainable livelihoods have frequently used social, cultural, human, economic and institutional capitals to better understand how rural and resource-dependent communities address environmental, social and economic stresses. Yet few studies have considered how men and women contribute differently to these capitals to support community resilience overall. Our research sought to understand the differential contributions of Sami men and women to the adaptive capacity of reindeer husbandry and reindeer herding communities in northern Sweden...
December 2016: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872398/five-year-study-of-unidentified-unclaimed-and-unknown-deaths-brought-for-medicolegal-autopsy-at-premier-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#16
Abhishek Yadav, Adarsh Kumar, Rajanikanta Swain, Sudhir Kumar Gupta
Delhi is the second largest city of the world both in terms of population and area, as well as being the capital of India. Every year, thousands of people from different states throng to the capital in search of a job in order to earn a living. When these people die and their bodies are found without any identifying documentation, it is very difficult for the police to establish their identities. These bodies are labelled as unidentified/unclaimed or unknown, and are sent for usually sent for medicolegal autopsy...
November 21, 2016: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870750/mapping-coaches-views-of-participation-in-crossfit-to-the-integrated-theory-of-health-behavior-change-and-sense-of-community
#17
Katie M Heinrich, Taran Carlisle, Ainslie Kehler, Sarah J Cosgrove
Group-based training through CrossFit has recently exploded in popularity. Anecdotally, participants often make lifestyle changes and experience improved fitness. Participation factors were mapped to the Integrated Theory of Health Behavior Change and "sense of community" constructs. Key informant interviews were conducted with 6 CrossFit gym owners/coaches. Data were thematically coded with NVivo 10. Results revealed key factors that both facilitated and restricted participation in CrossFit. Findings provide implications for future theory application and highlight how to improve initiation and adherence by capitalizing on community building and taking steps to reduce intimidation and cost, facilitate realistic goals, and ensure social support...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858469/network-environments-and-well-being-an-examination-of-personal-network-structure-social-capital-and-perceived-social-support
#18
Seungyoon Lee, Jae Eun Chung, Namkee Park
Previous studies have demonstrated the role of social networks, social capital, and social support in individuals' well-being. However, the ways in which these related constructs simultaneously influence one's well-being outcomes and relate to one another have not been closely examined. This study pays particular attention to the structural characteristics of personal networks, distinction between offline and online social capital, and different indicators of well-being outcomes. Based on survey data collected from 574 college students, the study found that two dimensions of personal networks-density and gender homophily-and social capital in the form of offline bonding capital explained perceived social support...
November 18, 2016: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854470/effect-of-medical-student-preference-on-rural-clinical-school-experience-and-rural-career-intentions
#19
Lucie Walters, Alexa Seal, Joe McGirr, Ruth Stewart, Dawn DeWitt, Denese Playford
INTRODUCTON: The key parameter for rural clinical schools (RCSs) is to provide at least 1 year of clinical training in rural areas for 25% of Australian Commonwealth supported medical students with the intent to influence future rural medical workforce outcomes. The objective of this study was to describe the association between a medical student's selection preference and their RCS experience and rural career intent. METHODS: Medical students completing an RCS placement in 2012 and 2013 were encouraged to complete a survey regarding their experience and future career intent...
October 2016: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852107/a-multi-group-path-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-perceived-racial-discrimination-and-self-rated-stress-how-does-it-vary-across-racial-ethnic-groups
#20
Tse-Chuan Yang, Danhong Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to answer three questions: (1) Is perceived discrimination adversely related to self-rated stress via the social capital and health care system distrust pathways? (2) Does the relationship between perceived discrimination and self-rated stress vary across race/ethnicity groups? and (3) Do the two pathways differ by one's race/ethnicity background? DESIGN: Using the Philadelphia Health Management Corporation's Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Survey, we classified 9831 respondents into 4 race/ethnicity groups: non-Hispanic White (n = 6621), non-Hispanic Black (n = 2359), Hispanic (n = 505), and non-Hispanic other races (n = 346)...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
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