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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537786/designing-a-community-based-population-health-model
#1
Christopher J Durovich, Peter W Roberts
The pace of change from volume-based to value-based payment in health care varies dramatically among markets. Regardless of the ultimate disposition of the Affordable Care Act, employers and public-private payers will continue to increase pressure on health care providers to assume financial risk for populations in the form of shared savings, bundled payments, downside risk, or even capitation. This article outlines a suggested road map and practical considerations for health systems that are building or planning to build population health capabilities to meet the needs of their local markets...
May 24, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535428/a-regional-market-oriented-governance-for-disaster-management-a-new-planning-approach
#2
Erwin A Blackstone, Simon Hakim, Brian Meehan
This paper proposes a regional competitive governance and management of response and recovery from disasters. It presents problems experienced in major disasters, analyzes the failures, and suggests how a competitive system that relies on private and volunteer regional leaders, personnel, and capital can improve preparation, response and recovery efforts over the existing government system. A Public Choice approach is adopted to explain why government often fails, and how regional governance may be socially more efficient than the existing federal- state-local funded and managed disaster system...
May 13, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533373/mental-models-accurately-predict-emotion-transitions
#3
Mark A Thornton, Diana I Tamir
Successful social interactions depend on people's ability to predict others' future actions and emotions. People possess many mechanisms for perceiving others' current emotional states, but how might they use this information to predict others' future states? We hypothesized that people might capitalize on an overlooked aspect of affective experience: current emotions predict future emotions. By attending to regularities in emotion transitions, perceivers might develop accurate mental models of others' emotional dynamics...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532994/johne-s-disease-in-the-eyes-of-irish-cattle-farmers-a-qualitative-narrative-research-approach-to-understanding-implications-for-disease-management
#4
Conor G McAloon, Áine Macken-Walsh, Lisa Moran, Paul Whyte, Simon J More, Luke O'Grady, Michael L Doherty
Bovine Johne's Disease (JD) is a disease characterised by chronic granulomatous enteritis which manifests clinically as a protein-losing enteropathy causing diarrhoea, hypoproteinaemia, emaciation and, eventually death. Some research exists to suggest that the aetiologic pathogen Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis may pose a zoonotic risk. Nationally coordinated control programmes have been introduced in many of the major milk producing countries across the world. However, JD is challenging to control in infected herds owing to limitations of diagnostic tests and the long incubation period of the disease...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#5
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525440/prevention-and-management-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-using-social-capital-and-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations
#6
Akiko Kamimura, Jennifer Tabler, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Lindsey Wright, Jeanie Ashby
The purpose of this study is to examine the association between physical activity adherence and social capital among uninsured primary care patients with or without hypertension and/or diabetes. Uninsured adults using a free clinic (N = 374) participated in a self-administered survey from January to April in 2016. The percentage of participants who were adherent to physical activity was low regardless of having hypertension and/or diabetes, or not. Individuals who reported a high sense of community were associated with a higher percentage of physical activity adherence...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516855/victim-impact-statements-how-victim-social-class-affects-juror-decision-making
#7
Kimberly Schweitzer, Narina Nuñez
Although the Supreme Court has ruled that victim impact statements (VIS) should be allowed at trial, the concern voicedin Payne v. Tennessee (1991) and Furman v. Georgia (1972) was that VIS might enable jurors to make comparative judgments about the worth of the victim. This study examined the effect VIS and low and middle socioeconomic status (SES) victims have on jurors' decisions. Mock jurors listened to 1 of 3 audio recordings of the sentencing phase of a capital murder trial (no VIS, low SES VIS, or middle SES VIS) and were asked to sentence the defendant to either life in prison without parole or death...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515195/cohort-profile-internal-migration-in-sub-saharan-africa-the-migration-and-health-in-malawi-mhm-study
#8
Philip Anglewicz, Mark VanLandingham, Lucinda Manda-Taylor, Hans-Peter Kohler
PURPOSE: The Migration and Health in Malawi (MHM) study focuses on a key challenge in migration research: although it has long been established that migration and health are closely linked, identifying the effect of migration on various health outcomes is complicated by methodological challenges. The MHM study uses a longitudinal panel premigration and postmigration study design (with a non-migrant comparison group) to measure and/or control for important characteristics that affect both migration and health outcomes...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513793/social-inequalities-in-the-prevalence-of-common-mental-disorders-in-adults-a-population-based-study-in-southern-brazil
#9
Ramona Sant'Ana Maggi de Moraes, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Walter Ferreira de Oliveira, Marco Aurélio Peres
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with Common Mental Disorders (CMD) in adults in a capital city in Southern Brazil. Methods: Population-based survey conducted on 1,720 adults aged 20 - 59 years from Florianópolis, Southern Brazil. The CMD were investigated through the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). The independent variables were demographic, socioeconomic, health-related behaviors, health conditions and use of health services...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510694/exploring-the-interrelationship-between-sport-health-and-social-outcomes-in-the-uk-implications-for-health-policy
#10
Paul Downward, Kirstin Hallmann, Simona Rasciute
Policy agencies are now re-visiting early aspirations that sport, as a form of physical activity, can be an instrument to foster general health and also subjective well-being (SWB). Both of these concepts capture physical and mental health states. SWB also encompasses broader psychological and life satisfaction as well as mood and affect. Past and current policies also identify a link between sport, social capital and SWB. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) is undertaken on data from the UK's Taking Part survey to investigate the interrelationships between sport, general health, social capital and SWB...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508452/mental-health-cost-of-terrorism-study-of-the-charlie-hebdo-attack-in-paris
#11
Dongyoung Kim, Young-I Albert Kim
This study examines whether a terrorist attack in a developed country, which does not cause major damage to its capital stocks, affects the mental health of its residents. By exploiting variations in survey dates of the European Social Survey, we use a difference-in-differences strategy to show that the attack adversely affects subjective well-being and mental health measures of French respondents. These negative effects are stronger for immigrants and low-income individuals. The impact is less dramatic for politically extreme right-wing supporters...
May 15, 2017: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508047/kin-based-cultural-transmission-of-tool-use-in-wild-chimpanzees
#12
Noemie Lamon, Christof Neumann, Thibaud Gruber, Klaus Zuberbühler
Current research on animal culture has focused strongly on cataloging the diversity of socially transmitted behaviors and on the social learning mechanisms that sustain their spread. Comparably less is known about the persistence of cultural behavior following innovation in groups of wild animals. We present observational data and a field experiment designed to address this question in a wild chimpanzee community, capitalizing on a novel tool behavior, moss-sponging, which appeared naturally in the community in 2011...
April 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503353/a-systematic-review-of-reproductive-coercion-in-international-settings
#13
Karen Trister Grace, Christina Fleming
Reproductive coercion is behavior that interferes with a woman's autonomous reproductive decision-making. It may take the form of birth control sabotage, pregnancy coercion, or controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. Perpetrators may be partners, a partner's family, or the woman's family. This article reviews the literature on reproductive coercion in international settings. In this review of 10 research studies, findings are presented on prevalence and type of reproductive coercion, associated factors, specific tactics, relationship with intimate partner violence and domestic violence (in-laws particularly), and implications for women's reproductive health...
December 2016: World Medical & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502999/legal-origin-and-social-solidarity-the-continued-relevance-of-durkheim-to-comparative-institutional-analysis
#14
Phil Johnson, Michael Brookes, Geoffrey Wood, Chris Brewster
By using the classic works of Durkheim as a theoretical platform, this research explores the relationship between legal systems and social solidarity. We found that certain types of civil law system, most notably those of Scandinavia, are associated with higher levels of social capital and better welfare state provision. However, we found the relationship between legal system and societal outcomes is considerably more complex than suggested by currently fashionable economistic legal origin approaches, and more in line with the later writings of Durkheim, and, indeed, the literature on comparative capitalisms...
June 2017: Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501992/personalized-medicine-ethical-aspects
#15
G Terry Sharrer
In our time of genome-based personalized medicine, clinical research and clinical medicine are accelerating at a quick pace. Faster and cheaper DNA sequencing and protein profiling, microfluidic devices for capturing blood biomarkers, nanoparticles for precise drug delivery and enhanced imaging, rapid computational analysis of massive data inputs, and other technological wonders coalesce to create a kind of Moore's Law for medicine. Needs are obvious, knowledge grows, capital becomes available, but these factors are not entirely sufficient to make health more achievable...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501757/subjective-social-status-and-premedical-students-attitudes-towards-medical-school
#16
Matthew K Grace
Although students from lower socioeconomic backgrounds are more likely to depart from the medical education pipeline, little is known about how premedical students' social origins influence the adversities they face, the resources they possess, or the internal struggles they confront in deciding whether or not to pursue a career in medicine. Using original data collected from premedical students at a flagship state university in the Midwest (N = 364), this study explores how subjective social status shapes students' reservations about medical school attendance and their perceptions of external pressure to pursue a career in medicine...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501417/prevalence-of-frailty-assessed-by-fried-and-kihon-checklist-indexes-in-a-prospective-cohort-study-design-and-demographics-of-the-kyoto-kameoka-longitudinal-study
#17
Yosuke Yamada, Hinako Nanri, Yuya Watanabe, Tsukasa Yoshida, Keiichi Yokoyama, Aya Itoi, Heiwa Date, Miwa Yamaguchi, Motoko Miyake, Emi Yamagata, Hajime Tamiya, Miho Nishimura, Mami Fujibayashi, Naoyuki Ebine, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Takeshi Kikutani, Eiichi Yoshimura, Kazuko Ishikawa-Takata, Minoru Yamada, Tomoki Nakaya, Yasuko Yoshinaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Hidenori Arai, Misaka Kimura
OBJECTIVE: The Kyoto-Kameoka Study was launched in 2011-2012 to identify the associations among food intake, nutritional status, physical activity, oral function, quality of life or social capital, the use of long-term care insurance (LTCI) system, and healthy lifespan in community-dwelling older people as a part of the World Health Organization Safe Community program. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study, reporting baseline demographics (cross-sectional data). SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted 2 mailed self-administered questionnaire surveys; one is a complete population survey with a comprehensive survey of needs in the sphere of daily life (NSDL) that included 2 different frailty indexes, the Kihon Checklist (KCL) and the Fried phenotype, socioeconomic status, general and psychological health, and social relationships; followed by the more detailed Health and Nutrition Survey...
May 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497581/what-could-cognitive-capital-mean-for-china-s-children
#18
Douglas J Noble, Kathryn Martin, Lisa Qin, Pia Britto, Margo O'sullivan, Jillian Popkins, Ron Pouwels, Robert W Scherpbier, Rana Flowers
Cognitive capital is an emerging paradigm that captures the criticality of investing in children whilst neural proliferation and development of brain architecture are at their peak. Distinct from financial capital, cognitive capital represents investment in future human potential from interventions in nutrition, health, education, child protection, and social welfare systems that optimize brain development. The return on investment is significant given the plasticity of the developing brain in response to positive stimuli...
May 12, 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496504/epidemiology-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-iranian-children-and-adolescents-ircap-and-its-relationship-with-social-capital-life-style-and-parents-personality-disorders-study-protocol
#19
Mohammad Reza Mohammadi, Nastaran Ahmadi, Koorosh Kamali, Ali Khaleghi, Ameneh Ahmadi
Objective: We aimed at designing a cross sectional study to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in Iranian children and adolescents (IRCAP) and to determine its relationship with social capital, life style, and parents' personality disorders. Method: This cross sectional study was a national project implemented in all provinces of Iran. In this community-based study, using ‎multistage cluster sampling method, we selected 1000 children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years in each province. The total sample size reached to 31 000...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493966/improving-drug-delivery-strategies-for-lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-in-urban-areas-in-ghana
#20
Nana-Kwadwo Biritwum, Bertha Garshong, Bright Alomatu, Dziedzom K de Souza, Margaret Gyapong, Dominique Kyelem
The Global Program to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) advocates for the treatment of entire endemic communities, in order to achieve its elimination targets. LF is predominantly a rural disease, and achieving the required treatment coverage in these areas is much easier compared to urban areas that are more complex. In Ghana, parts of the Greater Accra Region with Accra as the capital city are also endemic for LF. Mass Drug Administration (MDA) in Accra started in 2006. However, after four years of treatment, the coverage has always been far below the 65% epidemiologic coverage for interrupting transmission...
May 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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