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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789482/the-social-basis-of-vaccine-questioning-and-refusal-a-qualitative-study-employing-bourdieu-s-concepts-of-capitals-and-habitus
#1
Katie Attwell, Samantha B Meyer, Paul R Ward
This article is an in-depth analysis of the social nature of vaccine decision-making. It employs the sociological theory of Bourdieu and Ingram to consider how parents experience non-vaccination as a valued form of capital in specific communities, and how this can affect their decision-making. Drawing on research conducted in two Australian cities, our qualitative analysis of new interview data shows that parents experience disjuncture and tugs towards 'appropriate' forms of vaccination behavior in their social networks, as these link to broader behaviors around food, school choices and birth practices...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776348/the-influence-of-cross-sectoral-treatment-models-on-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-germany-study-protocol-of-a-nationwide-long-term-evaluation-study-eva64
#2
Anne Neumann, Enno Swart, Dennis Häckl, Roman Kliemt, Stefanie March, Denise Küster, Katrin Arnold, Thomas Petzold, Fabian Baum, Martin Seifert, Jessika Weiß, Andrea Pfennig, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Close, continuous and efficient collaboration between different professions and sectors of care is necessary to provide patient-centered care for individuals with mental disorders. The lack of structured collaboration between in- and outpatient care constitutes a limitation of the German health care system. Since 2012, a new law in Germany (§64b Social code book (SGB) V) has enabled the establishment of cross-sectoral and patient-centered treatment models in psychiatry. Such model projects follow a capitation budget, i...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775833/community-social-capital-and-inequality-in-depressive-symptoms-among-older-japanese-adults-a-multilevel-study
#3
Maho Haseda, Naoki Kondo, Daisuke Takagi, Katsunori Kondo
Although studies have suggested that community social capital contributes to narrow income-based inequality in depression, the impacts may depend on its components. Our multilevel cross-sectional analysis of data from 42,208 men and 45,448 women aged 65 years or older living in 565 school districts in Japan found that higher community-level civic participation (i.e., average levels of group participation in the community) was positively associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms among the low-income groups, independent of individual levels of group participation...
May 15, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771206/universal-healthcare-and-universal-basic-income
#4
Nathan Gerard
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to draw parallels between universal basic income (UBI) and universal healthcare, highlighting their conceptual alignment and combined implications for health management and organization. Design/methodology/approach The idea that everyone should receive a set amount of money regardless of employment finds renewed momentum amid increasingly precarious work arrangements and an uncertain job market. Less explored, however, is the connection between this idea and the more established notion of universal healthcare...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770448/eating-practices-among-low-income-overweight-obese-brazilian-mothers-a-bourdieusian-approach
#5
Priscila de Morais Sato, Mariana Dimitrov Ulian, Ramiro Fernandez Unsain, Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
We investigated the eating practices of socially vulnerable overweight and obese Brazilian mothers, exploring the relationships between eating practices, capitals, fields and excess-weight. We conducted a qualitative study involving in-depth interviews of 21 women living in three vulnerable urban regions. Content analyses were performed and codes were used to locate actors in relation to each other in terms of 'capitals' and 'fields', forming a typology based on Bourdieu's theory with five groups. Socioeconomic conditions during childhood and liking to cook were the main characteristics related to each group's distinct eating practices...
May 16, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765662/new-guinea-bone-daggers-were-engineered-to-preserve-social-prestige
#6
Nathaniel J Dominy, Samuel T Mills, Christopher M Yakacki, Paul B Roscoe, R Dana Carpenter
Bone daggers were once widespread in New Guinea. Their purpose was both symbolic and utilitarian; they functioned as objects of artistic expression with the primary function of stabbing and killing people at close quarters. Most daggers were shaped from the tibiotarsus of cassowaries, but daggers shaped from the femora of respected men carried greater social prestige. The greater cross-sectional curvature of human bone daggers indicates superior strength, but the material properties of cassowary bone are unknown...
April 2018: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764300/integrating-implicit-leadership-theories-leader-member-exchange-self-efficacy-and-attachment-theory-to-predict-job-performance
#7
Alireza Khorakian, Mohammad Sadegh Sharifirad
The impact of implicit leadership theories on performance and the mechanism linking them have received insufficient theoretical and research attention. Drawing on Bandura's social cognitive theory, the present study contributes theory through examining the assertion that higher congruence between followers' implicit leadership theory and the characteristics of supervisors enhance job performance through higher quality of leader-member exchange and self-efficacy. Moreover, in the proposed model, attachment insecurity was considered as the antecedent of the congruence and leader-member exchange in addition to the moderator of the relationship between them...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762708/the-impact-of-cash-transfers-on-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-inequalities-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review
#8
Ebenezer Owusu-Addo, Andre M N Renzaho, Ben J Smith
Cash transfers (CTs) are now high on the agenda of most governments in low- and middle-income countries. Within the field of health promotion, CTs constitute a healthy public policy initiative as they have the potential to address the social determinants of health (SDoH) and health inequalities. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise the evidence on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health inequalities in sub-Saharan Africa, and to identify the barriers and facilitators of effective CTs. Twenty-one electronic databases and the websites of 14 key organizations were searched in addition to grey literature and hand searching of selected journals for quantitative and qualitative studies on CTs' impacts on SDoH and health outcomes...
June 1, 2018: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758431/a-framework-to-investigate-drivers-of-adaptation-decisions-in-marine-fishing-evidence-from-urban-semi-urban-and-rural-communities
#9
Krishna Malakar, Trupti Mishra, Anand Patwardhan
Traditional fishing livelihoods need to adapt to changing fish catch/populations, led by numerous anthropogenic, environmental and climatic stressors. The decision to adapt can be influenced by a variety of socio-economic and perceptual factors. However, adaptation decision-making in fishing communities has rarely been studied. Based on previous literature and focus group discussions with community, this study identifies few prominent adaptation responses in marine fishing and proposes credible factors driving decisions to adopt them...
May 11, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755933/increasing-overweight-and-obesity-erodes-engagement-in-one-s-neighborhood-by-women-but-not-men
#10
Roseanne C Schuster, Seung Yong Han, Alexandra A Brewis, Amber Wutich
Obesity is socially stigmatized in the U.S., especially for women. Significant research has focused on the role that the social and built environments of neighborhoods play in shaping obesity. However, the role of obesity in shaping neighborhood social structure has been largely overlooked. We test the hypothesis that large body size inhibits an individual's engagement in his or her neighborhood. Our study objectives are to assess if (1) body size (body mass index) interacts with gender to predict engagement in one's neighborhood (neighborhood engagement) and (2) if bonding social capital interacts with gender to predict neighborhood engagement independent of body size...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755250/guiding-young-children-s-digital-media-use-ses-differences-in-mediation-concerns-and-competence
#11
Peter Nikken, Suzanna J Opree
Previous research about parents' mediation of their young children's (digital) media use has predominantly focused on the different types, determinants, and effectiveness of parental mediation strategies. Although research on parents' perceived mediation concerns and competences is scarce, it is known that, compared to mothers and high-educated parents, fathers and low-educated parents experience greater insecurity (i.e., higher concern and lower competence) when applying media mediation. Based on Bourdieu's theory of social capital it may be expected that-in addition to educational level-marital status and family income predict parents' perceived mediation concerns and competences: Family demographics may predict parents' media proficiency and adoption of new media technologies and these media ecological factors may, in turn, affect perceived concerns and competences...
2018: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755134/social-relations-and-life-satisfaction-the-role-of-friends
#12
Viviana Amati, Silvia Meggiolaro, Giulia Rivellini, Susanna Zaccarin
Social capital is defined as the individual's pool of social resources found in his/her personal network. A recent study on Italians living as couples has shown that friendship relationships, beyond those within an individual's family, are an important source of support. Here, we used data from Aspects of Daily Life , the Italian National Statistical Institute's 2012 multipurpose survey, to analyze the relation between friendship ties and life satisfaction. Our results show that friendship, in terms of intensity (measured by the frequency with which individuals see their friends) and quality (measured by the satisfaction with friendship relationships), is positively associated to life satisfaction...
2018: Genus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754114/the-value-of-continuing-professional-development-a-realistic-evaluation-of-a-multi-disciplinary-workshop-for-health-visitors-dealing-with-children-with-complex-needs
#13
Alison Steven, Valerie Larkin, Jane Stewart, Belinda Bateman
BACKGROUND: Continuing Professional Development is important for maintaining and developing knowledge and skills. Evidence regarding direct impact on practice is limited. Existing literature often lacks sufficient detail regarding the initiative or its evaluation, making transferability problematic. OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact and perceived value of multi-disciplinary Continuing Professional Development workshops for Health Visitors who support families with children with complex health needs...
April 21, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752748/epstein-barr-virus-antibody-titer-as-a-stress-biomarker-and-its-association-with-social-capital-in-rural-fujian-communities-china
#14
Aki Yazawa, Yosuke Inoue, Guoxi Cai, Raoping Tu, Meng Huang, Fei He, Jie Chen, Taro Yamamoto, Chiho Watanabe
OBJECTIVES: There has been little research on the association between social capital and psychological stress measured by a biomarker, particularly in developing countries. Our objective was to investigate the association between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody titer, an indicator of cellular immune function previously shown to be associated with psychological stress, and social capital among rural community dwellers in Fujian Province, China. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in seven rural communities in Fujian in 2015...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750586/bonding-and-bridging-social-capital-in-the-recovery-of-severe-mental-illness-a-synthesis-of-qualitative-research
#15
Asiyeh Salehi, Carolyn Ehrlich, Elizabeth Kendall, Adem Sav
BACKGROUND: Social networks are known to have a major influence on the recovery journey of people with severe mental illness (SMI). AIMS: To understand the role of bonding and bridging social capital in the recovery process following SMI and to identify the barriers that prevent social networks from being mobilized. METHOD: A review of major electronic databases for qualitative studies from 2006 to 2015 (41 papers) was undertaken for thematic synthesis...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749280/beyond-china-s-drug-century-yunnan-s-first-therapeutic-community-and-narratives-of-drug-treatment-and-mental-health-care
#16
Sandra Teresa Hyde
China is experiencing rapid cultural change and new forms of sociability that are accompanied by social problems and novel humanitarian interventions that have been formulated to address those problems. The pressure related to the rapid transformation of the countryside into mid-level cities has led to recreational drug-use as a means of escape. These illegal drugs have greased the wheels of what I call an affective biopolitics that has influenced Chinese citizens. Carlos Rojas argues that development in China results from the effects of discrete protocols, or practices that stem from tensions between capital and labor, governmentality and biopolitics, and nationalism and globalization...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746642/training-of-mexican-elders-as-health-promoters-a-qualitative-study
#17
María de la Luz Martínez-Maldonado, Consuelo Chapela, Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
The purpose of the study was to analyze the repercussion of a training program in gerontological health promotion addressed to senior citizens in a rural area in Mexico. The impact of the program was examined at two levels: first, with regard to the development of specific practices relating to primary health care and to the actual implementation of community health programs and, second, through the interpretive analysis of bodily inscriptions in the participants. Results gave evidence of a gradual empowering process among the elderly health promoters who consistently developed a position of responsibility and autonomy regarding the control of their lives and, at the same time, an increasingly open critical attitude with regard to the social role ascribed to them by the community...
May 9, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744862/emotion-reflexivity-and-social-change-in-the-era-of-extreme-fossil-fuels
#18
Debra J Davidson
Reflexivity is an important sociological lens through which to examine the means by which people engage in actions that contribute to social reproduction or social elaboration. Reflexivity theorists have largely overlooked the central place of emotions in reflexive processing, however, thus missing opportunities to enhance our understanding of reflexivity by capitalizing on recent scholarship on emotions emanating from other fields of inquiry. This paper explores the role of emotion in reflexivity, with a qualitative analysis of social responses to hydraulic fracturing in Alberta, Canada, utilizing narrative analysis of long-form interviews with rural landowners who have experienced direct impacts from hydraulic fracturing, and have attempted to voice their concerns in the public sphere...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744237/a-case-study-of-the-use-of-a-special-interest-group-to-enhance-interest-in-public-health-among-undergraduate-health-science-students
#19
Arauna Louw, Astrid Turner, Liz Wolvaardt
Background: Education and training of undergraduate health science students in public health are insufficient in many parts of the world. This lack is a risk as early interest in specialist training options is a predictor of future training choices. A special interest group (SIG) is one mechanism to engage students, increase awareness and generate interest in public health. The purpose of this case study was to create and study such a group at an African university. Case presentation: An action research study design was used to create and study the SIG...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741416/does-the-functional-form-of-the-association-between-education-and-mortality-differ-by-u-s-region
#20
Connor Sheehan, Jennifer Karas Montez, Isaac Sasson
To understand the education-mortality association among U.S. adults, recent studies have documented its national functional form. However, the functional form of education-mortality relationship may vary across geographic contexts. The four U.S. Census regions differ considerably in their social and economic policies, employment opportunities, income levels, and other factors that may affect how education lowers the risk of mortality. Thus, we documented regional differences in the functional form of the education-mortality association and examined the role of employment and income in accounting for regional differences...
January 2018: Biodemography and Social Biology
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