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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923339/-tobacco-use-in-brazilian-school-adolescents-association-with-mental-health-and-family-context
#1
Camila Zander Neves, Claudine Devicari Bueno, Giovana Pires Felden, Mariane Costa Irigaray, María Fernanda Rivadeneira, Nágila Oenning, Bárbara Niegia Garcia de Goulart
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between aspects of mental health and the family context with tobacco experimentation and consumption among Brazilian schoolchildren. METHOD: A cross-sectional study using data from the National Survey of Schoolchildren's Health in Brazil conducted on 109,104 schoolchildren from the ninth year of elementary school, day scholars in public and private schools in all Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District. Descriptive analysis of variables, bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed with logistic regression estimates, adjusted for socioeconomic variables, obtaining the odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI)...
September 15, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922820/justifying-british-advertising-in-war-and-austerity-1939-51
#2
Philippa Haughton
Drawing together institutional papers, the trade- and national-press, and Mass-Observation documents, this article examines the changing ways that the Advertising Association justified commercial advertising from 1939 to 1951. It argues that the ability to repeatedly re-conceptualize the social and economic purposes of advertising was central to the industry's survival and revival during the years of war and austerity. This matters because the survival and revival of commercial advertising helps to explain the composition of the post-war mixed economy and the emergence of a consumer culture that became the 'golden age' of capitalism...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919641/in-house-or-outsourced-public-services-a-social-and-economic-analysis-of-the-impact-of-spending-policy-on-the-private-wage-share-in-oecd-countries
#3
Nicola Pensiero
This article analyses the relationship between government spending and the distribution of private income between capital and labour. While most previous research assumes that government spending redistributes in favour of the less wealthy, I distinguish between types of expenditures that enhance the bargaining position of labour - that is, unemployment benefits, public sector employment and investment in new capital - and labour-saving and pro-business types of expenditures - that is, outsourcing to private firms...
August 2017: International Journal of Comparative Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#4
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916507/cardiac-patients-experiences-and-perceptions-of-social-media-mixed-methods-study
#5
Stephanie R Partridge, Anne C Grunseit, Patrick Gallagher, Becky Freeman, Blythe J O'Hara, Lis Neubeck, Sarah Due, Glenn Paull, Ding Ding, Adrian Bauman, Philayrath Phongsavan, Kellie Roach, Leonie Sadler, Helen Glinatsis, Robyn Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Traditional in-person cardiac rehabilitation has substantial benefits for cardiac patients, which are offset by poor attendance. The rapid increase in social media use in older adults provides an opportunity to reach patients who are eligible for cardiac rehabilitation but unable to attend traditional face-to-face groups. However, there is a paucity of research on cardiac patients' experiences and perspectives on using social media to support their health. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe cardiac rehabilitation patients' experiences in using social media in general and their perspective on using social media, particularly Facebook, to support their cardiac health and secondary prevention efforts...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915494/social-class-shapes-the-form-and-function-of-relationships-and-selves
#6
REVIEW
Rebecca M Carey, Hazel Rose Markus
Social class shapes relational realities, which in turn situate and structure different selves and their associated psychological tendencies. We first briefly review how higher class contexts tend to foster independent models of self and lower class contexts tend to foster interdependent models of self. We then consider how these independent and interdependent models of self are situated in and adapted to different social class-driven relational realities. We review research demonstrating that in lower social class contexts, social networks tend to be small, dense, homogenous and strongly connected...
September 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914587/self-rated-health-and-social-capital-in-iraqi-immigrants-to-sweden-the-medim-population-based-study
#7
Louise Bennet, Martin Lindström
OBJECTIVES: Poor self-rated health is an estimator of quality of life and a predictor of mortality seldom studied in immigrant populations. This work aimed to study self-rated health in relation to social capital, socioeconomic status, lifestyle and comorbidity in immigrants from Iraq - one of the largest non-European immigrant group in Sweden today - and to compare it with the self-rated health of native Swedes. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional population-based study conducted from 2010 to 2012 among citizens of Malmö, Sweden, aged 30-65 years and born in Iraq or Sweden...
September 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914223/educator-readiness-to-improve-gerontological-curricula-in-health-and-social-service-education
#8
Lynn McCleary, Veronique Boscart, Peter Donahue, Kelsey Harvey
This study investigated the state of gerontology content in health and social service education programs in Ontario, and readiness indicators for change among administrators and faculty. We conducted a survey of teaching faculty (n = 100) and deans or directors (n = 56) of 89 education programs, which revealed mixed evidence on readiness for change. Most respondents thought their programs were adequate but needed enhancement. However, they were unaware of published gerontological competencies with which to evaluate their curricula...
September 15, 2017: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914141/higher-usa-state-resident-neuroticism-is-associated-with-lower-state-volunteering-rates
#9
Stewart J H McCann
Highly neurotic persons have dispositional characteristics that tend to precipitate social anxiety that discourages formal volunteering. With the 50 American states as analytical units, Study 1 found that state resident neuroticism correlated highly ( r = -.55) with state volunteering rates and accounted for another 26.8% of the volunteering rate variance with selected state demographics controlled. Study 2 replicated Study 1 during another period and extended the association to college student, senior, secular, and religious volunteering rates...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910502/using-narrative-inquiry-to-listen-to-the-voices-of-adolescent-mothers-in-relation-to-their-use-of-social-networking-sites-sns
#10
Samantha Nolan, Joyce Hendricks, Moira Williamson, Sally Ferguson
AIM: This article presents a discussion highlighting the relevance and strengths of using narrative inquiry to explore experiences of social networking site (SNS) use by adolescent mothers. BACKGROUND: Narrative inquiry as a method reveals truths about holistic human experience. Knowledge gleaned from personal narratives informs nursing knowledge and clinical practice. This approach gives voice to adolescent mothers in relation to their experiences with SNS as a means of providing social support...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899376/perceptions-about-iranian-kurds-ethnic-inequality-in-health
#11
Arezoo Yari, Saharnaz Nedjat, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Reza Majdzadeh
BACKGROUND: Evidence shows ethnic-inequality is a very effective variable in the Community and individual health associated outcomes. This study focused on gaining a deeper understanding of people's perception on inequality of health in Iranian-Kurds and its determinants. METHODS: The study was conducted in the three cities of Marivan, Sanandaj (capital of Kurdistan province in Iran) and Tehran (capital of the country). The study was conducted through 34 in-depth interviews and ten focus group discussions with health services users, academic graduates and health delivery service personnel...
September 12, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#12
REVIEW
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890585/ageing-and-elderly-care-in-the-arab-region-policy-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
Shereen Hussein, Mohamed Ismail
Populations are expected to age rapidly in the Arab countries during the coming few decades. However, the current evidence base indicates that many countries in the region are not paying attention to this demographic phenomenon. This is a particular concern as longevity is often accompanied by many years of ill health and disability and most of the countries in the region continue to rely on the family as the primary source of elder care. While the family, and particularly women, are expected to provide increasing support for longer, they are faced by a set of socio-demographic changes that may hinder their ability to provide such care...
2017: Ageing International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886502/nature-based-solutions-in-the-eu-innovating-with-nature-to-address-social-economic-and-environmental-challenges
#14
Nicolas Faivre, Marco Fritz, Tiago Freitas, Birgit de Boissezon, Sofie Vandewoestijne
Contemporary societies are facing a broad range of challenges, from pressures on human health and well-being to natural capital depletion, and the security of food, water and energy. These challenges are deeply intertwined with global processes, such as climate change and with local events such as natural disasters. The EU's research & innovation (R&I) policy is now seeking to address these challenges from a new perspective, with Nature-Based Solutions, and turn them into innovation opportunities that optimise the synergies between nature, society and the economy...
September 5, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884650/communities-ready-for-takeoffintegrating-social-assets-for-biofuel-site-selection-modeling
#15
Sanne A M Rijkhoff, Season A Hoard, Michael J Gaffney, Paul M Smith
Although much of the social science literature supports the importance of community assets for success in many policy areas, these assets are often overlooked when selecting communities for new infrastructure facilities. Extensive collaboration is crucial for the success of environmental and economic projects, yet it often is not adequately addressed when making siting decisions for new projects. This article develops a social asset framework that includes social, creative, and human capital to inform site-selection decisions...
2017: Politics and the Life Sciences: the Journal of the Association for Politics and the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876530/social-capital-and-adolescent-substance-use-the-role-of-family-school-and-neighborhood-contexts
#16
Ming Wen
This study assesses the link between social capital factors of norm-setting social arenas including family, school, and neighborhood and adolescent substance use measured by cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and illicit drug use among a sample of adolescents in California. The key messages of this study are that socialization processes at different life domains, in varying degrees, are associated with adolescent substance use behavior. Compared with school and neighborhood contexts, family is the most influential setting that should be primarily targeted for youth substance use prevention...
June 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875409/disorganization-theory-neighborhood-social-capital-and-ethnic-inequalities-in-intimate-partner-violence-between-arab-and-jewish-women-citizens-of-israel
#17
Nihaya Daoud, Ruslan Sergienko, Patricia O'Campo, Ilana Shoham-Vardi
We draw on social disorganization (SD) theory and social capital to examine the impact of neighborhood environment on the ethnic gap in intimate partner violence (IPV) between Arab and Jewish women in Israel. We linked census data on neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) to national data we gathered in 2014-2015 on 1401 women (436 Arab, 965 Jewish) age 16-48. Women were interviewed while visiting 65 maternal and child health clinics throughout Israel. We used General Estimated Equation (GEE) multivariate logistic regression models to adjust for clinic cluster effects and estimated the contribution of neighborhood collective efficacy, problems, relative socioeconomic status (SES), bridging and linking social capital, and social support to explaining ethnic inequalities in IPV, while adjusting for women's socioeconomic and socio-demographic characteristics...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872391/health-for-older-adults-the-role-of-social-capital-and-leisure-time-physical-activity-by-living-arrangements
#18
Chia-Yuan Yu, Su-I Hou, Jonathan Miller
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to: (1) explore the influence of social capital and leisure-time physical activity on older adults' physical and mental health, and (2) test whether these relationships varied by living arrangement. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used national data from the 2013 National Health Interview Study. The subjects included 7,714 adults aged 65 years or older. Logistic regressions were to predict the probability of subjects being overweight or obese...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867770/peri-urbanism-in-globalizing-india-a-study-of-pollution-health-and-community-awareness
#19
Linda Waldman, Ramila Bisht, Rajashree Saharia, Abhinav Kapoor, Bushra Rizvi, Yasir Hamid, Meghana Arora, Ima Chopra, Kumud T Sawansi, Ritu Priya, Fiona Marshall
This paper examines the intersection between environmental pollution and people's acknowledgements of, and responses to, health issues in Karhera, a former agricultural village situated between the rapidly expanding cities of New Delhi (India's capital) and Ghaziabad (an industrial district in Uttar Pradesh). A relational place-based view is integrated with an interpretive approach, highlighting the significance of place, people's emic experiences, and the creation of meaning through social interactions. Research included surveying 1788 households, in-depth interviews, participatory mapping exercises, and a review of media articles on environment, pollution, and health...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866474/access-to-occupational-networks-and-ethnic-variation-of-depressive-symptoms-in-young-adults-in-sweden
#20
Alexander Miething, Mikael Rostila, Jens Rydgren
Social capital research has recognized the relevance of occupational network contacts for individuals' life chances and status attainment, and found distinct associations dependent on ethnic background. A still fairly unexplored area is the health implications of occupational networks. The current approach thus seeks to study the relationship between access to occupational social capital and depressive symptoms in early adulthood, and to examine whether the associations differ between persons with native Swedish parents and those with parents born in Iran and the former Yugoslavia...
August 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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