keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Social capital

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448881/social-capital-and-cigarette-smoking-new-empirics-featuring-the-norwegian-hunt-data
#1
M Kamrul Islam, Sherman Folland, Oddvar M Kaarbøe
Using a rich Norwegian longitudinal data set, this study explores the effects of different social capital variables on the probability of cigarette smoking. There are four social capital variables available in two waves of our data set. Our results based on probit (and OLS) analyses (with municipality fixed-effects) show that the likelihood of smoking participation is negatively and significantly associated with social capital attributes, namely, community trust (-0.017), participation in organizational activities (-0...
April 14, 2017: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445835/economic-consequences-of-legal-and-illegal-drugs-the-case-of-social-costs-in-belgium
#2
Delfine Lievens, Freya Vander Laenen, Nick Verhaeghe, Koen Putman, Lieven Pauwels, Wim Hardyns, Lieven Annemans
BACKGROUND: Legal and illegal drugs impose a considerable burden to the individual and to society. The misuse of addictive substances results in healthcare and law enforcement costs, loss of productivity and reduced quality of life. METHODS: A social cost study was conducted to estimate the substance-attributable costs of alcohol, tobacco, illegal drugs and psychoactive medication to Belgian society in 2012. The cost-of-illness framework with prevalence-based and human capital approach was applied...
April 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444197/understanding-the-linkages-between-social-safety-nets-and-childhood-violence-a-review-of-the-evidence-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#3
Amber Peterman, Anastasia Naomi Neijhoft, Sarah Cook, Tia M Palermo
As many as one billion children experience violence every year, and household- and community-level poverty are among the risk factors for child protection violations. Social safety nets (SSNs) are a main policy tool to address poverty and vulnerability, and there is substantial evidence demonstrating positive effects on children's health and human capital. This paper reviews evidence and develops a framework to understand linkages between non-contributory SSNs and the experience of childhood emotional, physical and sexual violence in low- and middle-income countries...
April 22, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443488/socioeconomic-status-social-capital-and-self-reported-unmet-health-care-needs-a-population-based-study
#4
Christine Lindstrӧm, Maria Rosvall, Martin Lindstrӧm
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and self-reported unmet health care needs, taking economic stress, generalized trust in other people and trust in the health care system into account. METHODS: The 2012 public health survey in Scania was conducted using a postal questionnaire and included 28,029 participants aged 18-80 years. The study was cross-sectional. Associations between SES and unmet health care needs were investigated, adjusting for economic stress and trust in logistic regressions...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439410/the-mental-health-of-unemployed-brussels-youth-the-role-of-social-and-material-resources
#5
Kelly Huegaerts, Vanessa Puig-Barrachina, Christophe Vanroelen
BACKGROUND: In the aftermath of the 2008 Great Recession, youth unemployment rates in the Brussels Capital Region (BCR) increased. The aim of this study is firstly to investigate the evolution of the mental health gap between employed and unemployed youth and secondly to examine the association of material and social resources with mental health of youth entering the labour market in the BCR. METHODS: Two data sources are used to answer the research questions: the Belgian Health Interview Survey (HIS) data (1997 to 2013; 18- to 29-year-olds; N = 5,562), and the authors' own primary data collection among Brussels youth in the transition from education to employment (2015; 18- to 29-year-olds; N = 1,151; BCR-sample)...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431505/using-evaluability-assessment-to-assess-local-community-development-health-programmes-a-scottish-case-study
#6
Melissa Belford, Tony Robertson, Ruth Jepson
BACKGROUND: Evaluation of the potential effectiveness of a programme's objectives (health or otherwise) is important in demonstrating how programmes work. However, evaluations are expensive and can focus on unrealistic outcomes not grounded in strong theory, especially where there is pressure to show effectiveness. The aim of this research was to demonstrate that the evaluability assessment (a cost-effective pre-evaluation tool that primarily gives quick, constructive feedback) can be used to help develop programme and outcome objectives to improve programmes while they run and to assist in producing more effective evaluations...
April 21, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425319/abandoned-luncheonettes-can-health-promotion-stem-the-loss-of-social-capital
#7
Paul E Terry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418173/rebutting-the-inclined-analyses-on-the-cost-effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-coral-reef-restoration
#8
Baruch Rinkevich
Active reef restoration is a fast developing scientific discipline, since under the current forecasts of global climate change and the ever-continuing anthropogenic impacts, further degradation in the functions, ecology and structures of coral reefs worldwide is anticipated. This scientific field, though still in its infancy and facing a variety of challenges, has emerged as a discipline capable of successfully restoring ravaged reefs when correctly and efficiently executed. In concert with a wide range of biological and ecological applications, reef restoration today encompasses a variety of societal equity capitals and other social commodification, all intermingled within a single unabridged socio-economic perspective (Rinkevich 2014, 2015b)...
April 18, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413810/a-subtle-economy-of-time-social-media-and-the-transformation-of-indonesia-s-islamic-preacher-economy
#9
Martin Slama
The article is concerned with the latest developments in Indonesia's Islamic field. Its focus is on the role of social media in exchange relationships between Islamic preachers and their constituency. The article first discusses economic exchanges between preachers and their followers, and then it concentrates on social exchanges and how they are mediated today. Empirically, the article delivers insight into the concerns of mostly female Indonesian middle-class Muslims and shows how preachers have to adjust to the needs of their followers who are regularly online...
January 2017: Econ Anthropol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412765/advanced-value-chain-collaboration-in-ghana-s-cocoa-sector-an-entry-point-for-integrated-landscape-approaches
#10
Howard Deans, Mirjam A F Ros-Tonen, Mercy Derkyi
Value chain analyses have focused mainly on collaboration between chain actors, often neglecting collaboration "beyond the chain" with non-chain actors to tackle food security, poverty and sustainability issues in the landscapes in which these value chains are embedded. Comparing conventional and advanced value chain collaborations involving small-scale cocoa farmers in Ghana, this paper analyzes the merits of a more integrated approach toward value chain collaboration. It particularly asks whether advanced value chain collaboration targeting cocoa-producing areas potentially offers an entry point for implementing a landscape approach...
April 15, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409169/the-effectiveness-of-a-peer-coaching-education-on-control-and-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-women-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Maryam Aalaa, Mahnaz Sanjari, Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi, Mohammad Reza Amini, Mostafa Qorbani, Hossien Adibi, Neda Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: Diabetes Education by Peer Coaching is a strategy which helps the patients with diabetes in the field of behavioral and emotional problems. However, the results of studies in this field in other countries could not be generalized in our context. So, the current study aimed to examine the effectiveness of Diabetes Education by Peer Coaching on Diabetes Management. METHODS: Outcome variables for patients and peer coaches are measured at baseline and in3,6 and 12 months...
April 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406036/participatory-assessment-of-factors-influencing-nutrition-and-livelihoods-in-rural-ethiopia-implications-for-measuring-impacts-of-multisector-nutrition-programs
#12
H A Busse, W Jogo, M Fofanah, H Tesfay, M Hadush, E Kiflom, S Schulz
Agricultural interventions more effectively improve nutrition when they are adapted to local contexts and engage multiple sectors. However, evidence is limited for how to design and measure the impacts of such interventions. We piloted a participatory methodology to collect community feedback to inform the design and selection of measures for a multisector nutrition intervention in Ethiopia. Study participants were purposively recruited from 6 rural districts in Tigray and the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' regions...
January 1, 2017: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405754/local-government-capacity-to-respond-to-environmental-change-insights-from-towns-in-new-york-state
#13
Lincoln R Larson, T Bruce Lauber, David L Kay, Bethany B Cutts
Local governments attempting to respond to environmental change face an array of challenges. To better understand policy responses and factors influencing local government capacity to respond to environmental change, we studied three environmental issues affecting rural or peri-urban towns in different regions of New York State: climate change in the Adirondacks (n = 63 towns), loss of open space due to residential/commercial development in the Hudson Valley (n = 50), and natural gas development in the Southern Tier (n = 62)...
April 12, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398649/depressive-symptoms-during-adverse-economic-and-political-circumstances-a-comparative-study-on-greek-female-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy-treatment
#14
P Pelekasis, K Kampoli, A Ntavatzikos, A Charoni, C Tsionou, A Koumarianou
The aim of this study was to search for an effect of the adverse economic and political events that took place in 2015 in Greece (threat of bankruptcy, referendum, capital controls) on depressive symptoms of breast cancer patients on chemotherapy. The clinician-rated version of the Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology (IDS-C30) and a form documenting sociodemographic, medical and social network characteristics were administrated in two groups of patients: one in 2010 and one in the aftermath of the July 2015 events...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397177/bankruptcy-prevention-new-effort-to-reflect-on-legal-and-social-changes
#15
Tomas Kliestik, Maria Misankova, Katarina Valaskova, Lucia Svabova
Every corporation has an economic and moral responsibility to its stockholders to perform well financially. However, the number of bankruptcies in Slovakia has been growing for several years without an apparent macroeconomic cause. To prevent a rapid denigration and to prevent the outflow of foreign capital, various efforts are being zealously implemented. Robust analysis using conventional bankruptcy prediction tools revealed that the existing models are adaptable to local conditions, particularly local legislation...
April 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396611/familial-transmission-of-educational-plans-and-the-academic-self-concept-a-three-generation-longitudinal-study
#16
Jeylan T Mortimer, Lei Zhang, Chen-Yu Wu, Jeanette Hussemann, Monica Kirkpatrick Johnson
This research investigates the social reproduction of inequality by drawing on prospective longitudinal data from three generations of Youth Development Study respondents. It examines intergenerational influence on the relatively unexplored academic self-concept as well as educational plans, a critical component of the status attainment model. A structural equation model, based on 422 3-generation triads, finds evidence that the sources giving rise to the development of children's (Generation 3) achievement orientations do not only result from parental (G2) contemporaneous influence...
March 2017: Social Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395464/-development-and-evaluation-on-the-primipara-social-capital-scale
#17
C Zhou, R N Lai, X N Zhang, H Chen, W J Wang, B D Zhang
Objective: To develop the Chinese primipara social capital scale (C-PSCS), and to evaluate its validity and reliability. Methods: The items of C-PSCS were developed based on Social Capital Scale by the World Bank and Social Network Scale. This scale was modified according to the characteristics of primiparas. We selected 10 experts who specialized in related field, and two rounds of seminars about content, cultural compatibility, primiparas' characteristics, and practicability. The finally C-PSCS included four dimensions: social trust, social reciprocity, social network, and social participation...
April 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393109/getting-a-child-through-secondary-school-and-to-college-in-india-the-role-of-household-social-capital
#18
Tyler W Myroniuk, Reeve Vanneman, Sonalde Desai
In the classic formulations of social capital theory, families employ their social capital resources to enhance other capitals, in particular their human capital investments. Social capital would seem to be especially important in the case of India where, in recent years, higher education has been under considerable stress with rising educational demand, inadequate supply, and little parental experience to guide their children's transition through the education system. We use the 2005 and 2012 waves of the nationally representative India Human Development Survey (IHDS) to show how relatively high status connections advantage some families' chances of their children reaching educational milestones such as secondary school completion and college entry...
2017: Sociology of Development (Oakland, Calif.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390226/household-social-capital-and-socioeconomic-inequalities-in-child-undernutrition-in-rural-india
#19
William T Story, Richard M Carpiano
Social capital has gained attention for poverty reduction efforts in low- and middle-income countries, but questions remain about people's unequal access to and benefits from social capital-especially for addressing child health inequalities. Analyzing 2005 India Human Development Survey data on 9008 rural-dwelling children and their families, we test hypotheses regarding how SES shapes household access to and child health benefits from three different forms of social capital located inside and outside the community...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383943/human-resource-management-and-unit-performance-in-knowledge-intensive-work
#20
Rebecca R Kehoe, Christopher J Collins
To clarify the potential value of a targeted system of human resource (HR) practices, we explore the unique effects of a relationship-oriented HR system and the more commonly studied high commitment HR system on unit performance in the context of knowledge-intensive work. We develop theoretical arguments suggesting that the high commitment HR system contributes to unit performance through its positive effects on employees' collective organizational commitment, general and firm-specific human capital, and access to knowledge...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
keyword
keyword
22762
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"