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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088845/-%C3%A2-it-shows-that-there-s-no-limits-the-psychological-impact-of-co-production-for-experts-by-experience-working-in-youth-mental-health
#1
Claire Mayer, Karen McKenzie
Co-production is commonly conceptualised as a more equal sharing of power and decision-making between a dichotomy of service user and service provider, each bringing valuable and different assets to the process. 'Experts by experience' lie in the overlap between this conceptually created duality, providing the services they now do by virtue of having once used services themselves. Previous related studies suggest that their involvement in co-production could impact positively on their social capital, self-esteem, self-efficacy and life skills...
January 15, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087811/twenty-years-of-social-capital-and-health-research-a-glossary
#2
S Moore, I Kawachi
Research on social capital in public health is approaching its 20th anniversary. Over this period, there have been rich and productive debates on the definition, measurement and importance of social capital for public health research and practice. As a result, the concepts and measures characterising social capital and health research have also evolved, often drawing from research in the social, political and behavioural sciences. The multidisciplinary adaptation of social capital-related concepts to study health has made it challenging for researchers to reach consensus on a common theoretical approach...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086921/a-randomized-controlled-trial-focusing-on-socio-economic-status-for-promoting-vegetable-intake-among-adults-using-a-web-based-nutrition-intervention-programme-study-protocol
#3
Saki Nakamura, Takayo Inayama, Takashi Arao
BACKGROUND: Web-based nutritional education programmes appear to be comparable to those delivered face-to-face. However, no existing web-based nutrition education or similar programme has yet been evaluated with consideration of socio-economic status. The objective of a nutritional education programme of promoting vegetable intake designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to evaluate the results of intervention and to determine how socio-economic status influences the programme effects...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077148/linking-communities-to-formal-health-care-providers-through-village-health-teams-in-rural-uganda-lessons-from-linking-social-capital
#4
Laban Kashaija Musinguzi, Emmanueil Benon Turinawe, Jude T Rwemisisi, Daniel H de Vries, David K Mafigiri, Denis Muhangi, Marije de Groot, Achilles Katamba, Robert Pool
BACKGROUND: Community-based programmes, particularly community health workers (CHWs), have been portrayed as a cost-effective alternative to the shortage of health workers in low-income countries. Usually, literature emphasises how easily CHWs link and connect communities to formal health care services. There is little evidence in Uganda to support or dispute such claims. Drawing from linking social capital framework, this paper examines the claim that village health teams (VHTs), as an example of CHWs, link and connect communities with formal health care services...
January 11, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076541/private-health-care-coverage-in-the-brazilian-population-according-to-the-2013-brazilian-national-health-survey
#5
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Sheila Rizzato Stopa, Cimar Azeredo Pereira, Célia Landmann Szwarcwald, Martha Oliveira, Arthur Chioro Dos Reis
This study aims to present the percentages of the Brazilian population holding health insurance plans, itemized by social-demographic characteristics, based on the data of the National Health Survey carried out in 2013, and to compare this information with the administrative data of the National Supplementary Health Agency for the same year. Data from the National Health Survey, and from the Beneficiaries Information System of the National Health Agency for the year 2013, were used. The percentage of people having a health plan was described according to stratification for: all of Brazil, urban/rural, Brazilian official Regions, Brazilian States and state capitals, gender, age group, level of schooling, position in the workforce, ethnic classification, and self-assessed state of health...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076533/similarities-and-differences-in-crack-cocaine-use-patterns-in-santa-catarina-brazil-capital-vs-midwest
#6
Maria Terezinha Zeferino, Vivian Costa Fermo, Marcelo Brandt Fialho, Francisco Inácio Bastos
Crack cocaine has been a major public health problem in Brazil due to the individual and social harms and risks deriving from its use. This article aims to assess the characteristics of drug scenes in the capital and Midwest of Santa Catarina state. The project used the Time-Location Sampling. Between January and June 2011, 41 crack cocaine scenes were mapped in capital of Santa Catarina, whereas 33 were mapped in the Midwest of that state. Such scenes were randomly selected to be observed, as well as their days and shifts (time periods/day) for in-depth observation...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069045/improving-nursing-home-care-through-feedback-on-performance-data-inform-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#7
Matthias Hoben, Peter G Norton, Liane R Ginsburg, Ruth A Anderson, Greta G Cummings, Holly J Lanham, Janet E Squires, Deanne Taylor, Adrian S Wagg, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Audit and feedback is effective in improving the quality of care. However, methods and results of international studies are heterogeneous, and studies have been criticized for a lack of systematic use of theory. In TREC (Translating Research in Elder Care), a longitudinal health services research program, we collect comprehensive data from care providers and residents in Canadian nursing homes to improve quality of care and life of residents, and quality of worklife of caregivers...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068525/differences-in-early-cognitive-and-receptive-expressive-neurodevelopment-by-ancestry-and-underlying-pathways-in-brazil-and-argentina
#8
George L Wehby, Antonio J Trujillo
We examine disparities in early child cognitive and receptive-expressive skills by ethnic ancestry among infants aged 3-24 months from Brazil and Argentina. We employ unique data on the neurodevelopment of children who were seeking routine well-child care at a set of pediatric clinics in these countries. The sample included children who had normal birth outcomes and no major health complications, allowing us to focus on variation in neurodevelopment among children without major physical health limitations. The physicians attending the pediatric clinics were trained in administering the Bayley Infant Neurodevelopmental Screener, a standardized instrument used to screen an infant's risk of neurodevelopmental problems on various domains of abilities...
January 6, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060447/association-of-loneliness-and-healthcare-utilization-among-older-adults-in-singapore
#9
Ka Keat Lim, Angelique Chan
AIM: To assess the association between loneliness and physician visits among community-dwelling older adults in Singapore. METHODS: We obtained data from two consecutive waves (2009 and 2011) of a nationally representative longitudinal survey of community-dwelling Singaporeans aged 60 years and older. Out of 3103 responses, we excluded proxy interviews (n = 365; 11.8 %), resulting in a final analysis cohort of 2738 respondents. Using the frequency of physician visits in the past 30 days as the dependent variable, we carried out negative binomial hurdle regression controlling for predisposing characteristics, enabling factors, needs, social capital and change in loneliness status between the two waves of the survey...
January 6, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059570/understanding-associations-between-information-seeking-and-scanning-and-health-risk-behaviors-an-early-test-of-the-structural-influence-model
#10
Elisabeth Bigsby, Shelly R Hovick
This study examined proposed direct and mediating relationships in the Structural Influence Model (SIM) of Communication within the chronic disease context. Using data from the Annenberg National Health Communication Survey (N = 14,472), we tested the potential mediating roles of information seeking, information scanning, and social capital between social determinants of health and four chronic disease risk behaviors: exercise level, fruit and vegetable intake, cigarette smoking, and excessive alcohol use...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059565/social-media-campaign-effects-moderating-role-of-social-capital-in-an-anti-smoking-campaign
#11
Kang Namkoong, Seungahn Nah, Stephanie K Van Stee, Rachael A Record
This study examined the effects of an anti-smoking campaign that employs a crowdsourcing method with a social networking service. Drawing upon social capital scholarship and the expression effect research paradigm in eHealth systems, the study also investigated the roles of social trust and community life satisfaction in the social media campaign that has a specific geographical boundary. To that end, we conducted an experiment using a two-group pretest-posttest design. We randomly assigned 201 participants to two conditions: "campaign message reception only" as a control group and "message reception and expression" as a treatment group in which participants fully engaged in the campaign process by sharing their own campaign ideas with other participants...
January 6, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056903/development-of-the-health-literacy-on-social-determinants-of-health-questionnaire-in-japanese-adults
#12
Masayoshi Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Health inequities are increasing worldwide, with mounting evidence showing that the greatest cause of which are social determinants of health. To reduce inequities, a lot of citizens need to be able to access, understand, appraise, and apply information on the social determinants; that is, they need to improve health literacy on social determinants of health. However, only a limited number of scales focus on these considerations; hence, we developed the Health Literacy on Social Determinants of Health Questionnaire (HL-SDHQ) and examined its psychometric properties...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054254/age-at-arrival-and-life-chances-among-childhood-immigrants
#13
Are Skeie Hermansen
This study examines the causal relationship between childhood immigrants' age at arrival and their life chances as adults. I analyze panel data on siblings from Norwegian administrative registries, which enables me to disentangle the effect of age at arrival on adult socioeconomic outcomes from all fixed family-level conditions and endowments shared by siblings. Results from sibling fixed-effects models reveal a progressively stronger adverse influence of immigration at later stages of childhood on completed education, employment, adult earnings, occupational attainment, and social welfare assistance...
January 4, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040734/social-inequality-in-adolescents-healthy-food-intake-the-interplay-between-economic-social-and-cultural-capital
#14
Bart De Clercq, Thomas Abel, Irene Moor, Frank J Elgar, John Lievens, Isabelle Sioen, Lutgart Braeckman, Benedicte Deforche
BACKGROUND: Current explanations of health inequalities in adolescents focus on behavourial and economic determinants and rarely include more meaningful forms of economic, cultural, and social capital. The aim of the study was to investigate how the interplay between capitals constitutes social inequalities in adolescent healthy food intake. METHODS: Data were collected in the 2013/14 Flemish Health Behavior among School-aged Children (HBSC) survey, which is part of the international WHO HBSC survey...
December 31, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032479/the-role-of-nutrition-in-integrated-early-child-development-in-the-21st-century-contribution-from-the-maternal-and-child-nutrition-journal
#15
EDITORIAL
Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Victoria Hall Moran
Even though it is widely recognized that early childhood development (ECD) is one of the most important predictors of future social capital and national productivity, the recently published ECD Lancet Series reports that about 250 million children under 5 years are at risk of not reaching their developmental potential, mainly as a result of poverty and social injustice. So why is this and what will it take to reverse this situation? The purpose of this special issue is to highlight important contributions from previously published articles in Maternal & Child Nutrition to the field of nutrition and ECD...
January 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029477/relating-farmer-s-perceptions-of-climate-change-risk-to-adaptation-behaviour-in-hungary
#16
Sen Li, Linda Juhász-Horváth, Paula A Harrison, László Pintér, Mark D A Rounsevell
Understanding how farmers perceive climate change risks and how this affects their willingness to adopt adaptation practices is critical for developing effective climate change response strategies for the agricultural sector. This study examines (i) the perceptual relationships between farmers' awareness of climate change phenomena, beliefs in climate change risks and actual adaptation behaviour, and (ii) how these relationships may be modified by farm-level antecedents related to human, social, financial capitals and farm characteristics...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029439/parental-separation-in-childhood-and-self-reported-psychological-health-a-population-based-study
#17
Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
The aim of the present study is to investigate associations between parental separation/divorce during childhood, and self-reported psychological health, adjusting for social capital, social support, civil status and economic stress in childhood. A cross-sectional public health survey was conducted in the autumn of 2012 in Scania, southern Sweden, with a postal questionnaire with 28,029 participants aged 18-80. Associations between parental separation/divorce during childhood and self-reported psychological health (GHQ12) were investigated using logistic regressions...
October 25, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027881/perceived-control-moderates-the-relationship-between-social-capital-and-binge-drinking-longitudinal-findings-from-the-montreal-neighborhood-networks-and-health-aging-monnet-ha-panel
#18
Stephanie Child, Steven Stewart, Spencer Moore
BACKGROUND: Cross-sectional research suggests social capital has negative consequences for problem drinking behaviors. Previous studies have suggested psychosocial resources, including perceived control, may buffer this association. Little research has examined whether such relationships persist longitudinally. METHODS: Random effects models examined between-person relationships among problem drinking, social capital, and perceived control, and whether perceived control moderated the relationship between social capital and drinking...
December 9, 2016: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027009/you-get-what-you-give-understanding-reply-reciprocity-and-social-capital-in-online-health-support-forums
#19
Wenjing Pan, Cuihua Shen, Bo Feng
Adopting a social network analysis approach, the present study examined social capital and network dynamics of online support seeking and support provision in a depression forum. We constructed a depression forum network by mapping out all of the users and the reply ties among them. The findings showed a consistently reciprocal pattern between users' replies sent to others and replies received from others. Forum users' bridging social capital was positively associated with the source diversity of their received replies and negatively associated with the average length of their received replies...
January 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018898/economic-costs-associated-with-motorbike-accidents-in-kathmandu-nepal
#20
Diksha Sapkota, Bihungum Bista, Shiva Raj Adhikari
BACKGROUND: Road traffic accidents, considered as global tragedies, are in increasing trend; however, the safety situation is very severe in developing countries incurring substantial amount of human, economic, and social costs. Motorcycle crashes, the commonest form, occur mostly in economically active population. However, there is limited number of studies on economic burden of motorcycle crashes. This study aims to estimate the total cost and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) lost due to motorbike accidents among victims of Kathmandu Valley...
2016: Frontiers in Public Health
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