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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138541/the-effect-of-peer-support-in-adults-with-insulin-pump-treated-type-1-diabetes-a-pilot-study-of-a-flexible-and-participatory-intervention
#1
Lene Eide Joensen, Merete Meldgaard Andersen, Sabrina Jensen, Kirsten Nørgaard, Ingrid Willaing
Aim: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of a flexible and participatory peer support intervention in a clinical setting for adults with type 1 diabetes treated with an insulin pump, focusing on enhancing diabetes-specific social capital. The key questions were as follows: 1) what effects are appropriate to expect, according to participants? and 2) to what extent did these effects occur? Methods: Two peer support intervention programs were conducted in a diabetes specialist clinic (N=30)...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137693/another-chance-at-life-jordanian-patients-experience-of-going-through-a-myocardial-infarction
#2
Ali Ahmad Ammouri, Joy Kabasindi Kamanyire, Ahmad H Abu Raddaha, Susan Achora, Arwa Atef Obeidat
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a life-threatening health condition that has physical, spiritual, emotional, and social changes. Understanding feelings and thoughts of patients who suffered MI attacks is essential to recovery. Among Jordanian patients who suffered an acute attack of MI, the aim of the study was to describe the experiences and the varied meanings that they assign to their experiences. METHODS: A qualitative hermeneutic phenomenological research design was used...
November 1, 2017: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136740/-the-relationship-between-core-members-individual-social-capital-and-performance-among-hiv-aids-related-community-based-organization
#3
X R Xu, R Chen, D N Wang, H Liang, Z Hu, X Qin
Objective: To investigate the relationship between core members' social capital and performance among HIV/AIDS-related community-based organizations (CBO). Methods: From July to December in 2015, a total of 327 core members from 212 HIV/AIDS-related CBO in 8 provinces were recruited based on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS (e.g., Yunnan, Hunan, and Sichuan are in high epidemic level; Anhui, Hubei, Shandong, and Jilin are in middle epidemic level; and Gansu is in low epidemic level) by multistage stratified cluster sampling and convenient sampling method...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132081/the-relationship-between-physical-and-mental-health-a-mediation-analysis
#4
Julius Ohrnberger, Eleonora Fichera, Matt Sutton
There is a strong link between mental health and physical health, but little is known about the pathways from one to the other. We analyse the direct and indirect effects of past mental health on present physical health and past physical health on present mental health using lifestyle choices and social capital in a mediation framework. We use data on 10,693 individuals aged 50 years and over from six waves (2002-2012) of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Mental health is measured by the Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES) and physical health by the Activities of Daily Living (ADL)...
November 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131374/social-capital-s-role-in-recovery-evidence-from-communities-affected-by-the-2010-pakistan-floods
#5
Muhammad Siddique Akbar, Daniel P Aldrich
Pakistan suffered large-scale flooding in summer 2010 that caused damage amounting to approximately USD 43 billion, claimed the lives of at least 1,700 people, and negatively affected some 20 million others. Observers have debated the degree to which social capital plays a role in recovery after a catastrophe of this magnitude. Using new survey data on 450 residents impacted by the disaster, this study found that, controlling for various confounding factors, the social capital levels of victims serve as robust correlates of life recovery...
November 13, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130377/negotiating-horizontality-in-medical-south-south-cooperation-the-cuban-mission-in-rio-de-janeiro-s-urban-peripheries
#6
Maria Lidola, Fabiano Tonaco Borges
For more than 50 years, Cuba has been one of the most important players in the field of international medical cooperation in the Global South. Between 2013 and 2016, Cuba maintained one of its largest cooperations with Brazil: nearly 11,400 Cuban physicians were sent to work within the framework of the Brazilian health programme 'More-Doctors-for-Brazil', which was implemented to improve Brazil's precarious public health sector. This paper inquires into the manifold challenges of horizontal connectivity in this medical South-South cooperation...
November 13, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129963/-if-i-was-a-different-ethnicity-would-she-treat-me-the-same-latino-parents-experiences-obtaining-autism-services
#7
Amber M Angell, Olga Solomon
This article reports on an ethnographic study with 12 Latino families of children on the autism spectrum related to obtaining autism services in Los Angeles County. Using critical discourse analysis of interviews, observations, and records, we consider the experiences of the Latino families in relation to: 1) A discursively constructed 'autism parent' subject position that mandates 'fighting' service systems to 'win' autism services for children, originating from White middle-class parents' socio-economic resources and social capital; 2) A neoliberal social services climate that assumes scarcity of available resources and prioritizes austerity in their authorization; and 3) A media and institutional 'cultural deficit' discourse that attributes disparities in autism services for Latino children to their parents' presumed culturally-based 'passivity...
2017: Disability & Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125319/perceptions-of-neighborhood-safety-and-depressive-symptoms-among-older-minority-urban-subsidized-housing-residents-the-mediating-effect-of-sense-of-community-belonging
#8
Judith G Gonyea, Alexandra Curley, Kelly Melekis, Yeonjung Lee
OBJECTIVES: Older minority subsidized housing residents represent a population that is particularly vulnerable to depression. Although research suggests that neighborhood characteristics influence older adults' mental health, it has not been explored in this target population. Drawing on social disorganization and social capital theories, this study's aim was to explore if perceptions of neighborhood safety are associated with depressive symptoms; and, whether a sense of community belonging has a mediating effect on this potential relationship...
November 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121656/the-association-between-social-capital-and-hiv-treatment-outcomes-in-south-africa
#9
Grace Musanse Mukoswa, Salome Charalambous, Gill Nelson
BACKGROUND: HIV treatment has reduced morbidity and mortality. By 2012, it was estimated that 60.4% of eligible South Africans accessed antiretroviral treatment; however, treatment adherence and retention remain the greatest challenges. There is a growing belief that social capital, seen as "the features of social organization that facilitate cooperation for mutual benefit", is important in promoting HIV treatment retention. The aim of this study was to establish whether social capital is associated with HIV treatment outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119591/widening-participation-in-medicine-new-insights-from-school-students-aspirations
#10
Jennifer Gore, Sally Patfield, Kathryn Holmes, Maxwell Smith
OBJECTIVES: Students from lower socio-economic status backgrounds continue to be under-represented in medical education. Although various initiatives have been implemented by universities to widen participation, their effectiveness and their timing remain contentious. Prior studies have primarily focused on students already on a medical pathway, with little analytical attention given to the aspirations of primary and secondary school-aged students. The aim of this study was to identify the characteristics of students who express early interest in medicine and ascertain the degree to which diversification of the future medical student cohort is indicated...
November 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119547/interventions-to-improve-access-to-cataract-surgical-services-and-their-impact-on-equity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
REVIEW
Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Ilse Blignault, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Robin Christensen, Anthony B Zwi, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the prevalence is inequitably distributed between and within countries. Interventions have been undertaken to improve cataract surgical services, however, the effectiveness of these interventions on promoting equity is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on equity of interventions to improve access to cataract services for populations with cataract blindness (and visual impairment) in LMICs...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119453/neighborhood-structural-differences-and-women-s-mental-health-an-empirical-study-in-accra-ghana
#12
Elijah Bisung, Joseph Kangmennaang, Isaac Luginaah
PURPOSE: This study explores the relationships between neighborhood structural differences such as socioeconomic status (SES), income inequality, and ethnic diversity on women's mental health in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: The study used secondary data from the 2009 Women Health Survey Accra II, linked with the 2010 sub-metro level census figures on income inequality. The analytical sample consists of 2814 women nested within 195 enumeration areas (clusters) in the Accra Metropolitan Area (AMA)...
November 8, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119206/-indices-of-multiple-deprivation-for-the-analysis-of-regional-health-disparities-in-germany-experiences-from-epidemiology-and-healthcare-research
#13
REVIEW
Werner Maier
BACKGROUND: Deprivation indices allow material and social differences at the regional level to be described in a statistically efficient and concise manner and to use these in health analyses. Following the British example, Indices of Multiple Deprivation (IMDs) are now available for Germany, the German Index of Multiple Deprivation (GIMD) as well as its regional versions. In this study, empirical experiences based on the use of these indices in health studies will be presented. METHOD: The German IMDs consist of seven deprivation domains, which represent single aspects of deprivation (income, employment, and educational deprivation, municipal revenue deprivation, social capital deprivation, environment and security deprivation)...
November 8, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114865/the-politics-of-nationalism-and-white-racism-in-the-uk
#14
Magne Flemmen, Mike Savage
This paper considers the contemporary significance of white racism and its association with nationalist sentiment amongst a cohort late middle aged white Britons, using survey responses and qualitative interviews from the 1958 National Child Development Study. We have shown that although overt racism is very limited, a substantial minority of white Britons display ambivalent feelings which have the potential to be mobilised in racist directions. We argue against the view that disadvantaged white working class respondents are especially xenophobic, and show that racist views are not strongly associated with social position...
November 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110657/social-capital-and-health-in-china-exploring-the-mediating-role-of-lifestyle
#15
Xindong Xue, Mingmei Cheng
BACKGROUND: Although social capital as a key determinant of health has been well established in various studies, little is known about how lifestyle factors mediate this relationship. Understanding the cross-relationships between social capital, health, and lifestyle factors is important if health promotion policies are to be effective. The purpose of this study is to explore whether different dimensions of social capital and lifestyle factors are related, and whether lifestyle factors mediate the association between social capital and self-rated health (SRH) and psychological well-being (PWB) in China...
November 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108601/childhood-social-capital-and-postsecondary-educational-attainment
#16
Linda K Mayger, Craig D Hochbein, Bridget V Dever
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107508/waste-picker-livelihoods-and-inclusive-neoliberal-municipal-solid-waste-management-policies-the-case-of-the-la-chureca-garbage-dump-site-in-managua-nicaragua
#17
Chris Hartmann
The modernization (i.e. mechanization, formalization, and capital intensification) and enclosure of municipal solid waste management (MSWM) systems threaten waste picker livelihoods. From 2009 to 2013, a major development project, embodying traditional neoliberal policies with inclusive social policies, transformed the Managua, Nicaragua, municipal solid waste site from an open-air dump where as many as 2,000 informal waste pickers toiled to a sanitary landfill. To investigate waste pickers' social and economic condition, including labor characteristics, household income, and poverty incidence, after the project's completion, 146 semi-structured survey questionnaires were administered to four communities adjacent to the landfill and 45 semi-structured interviews were completed with key stakeholders...
October 26, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104024/abortion-in-two-francophone-african-countries-a-study-of-whether-women-have-begun-to-use-misoprostol-in-benin-and-burkina-faso
#18
Carine Baxerres, Ines Boko, Adjara Konkobo, Fatoumata Ouattara, Agnès Guillaume
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to document the means women use to obtain abortions in the capital cities of Benin and Burkina Faso, and to learn whether or not use of misoprostol has become an alternative to other methods of abortion, and the implications for future practice. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted in-depth, qualitative interviews between 2014 and 2015 with 34 women - 21 women in Cotonou (Benin) and 13 women in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) - about their pathways to abortion...
November 3, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103732/the-influence-of-context-on-utilizing-research-evidence-for-pain-management-in-jordanian-pediatric-intensive-care-units-picu
#19
Ahmad Ismail, Janet Squires, Paula Forgeron, Viola Polomeno, Huda Gharaibeh, Denise Harrison
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain a beginning understanding of the contextual factors that influence the use of research for pain management in Jordanian Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs). DESIGN AND METHODS: A paper or online questionnaire was used to collect data on instrumental research use (IRU) and conceptual research use (CRU) and ten contextual variables from 73 registered nurses working in four Jordanian PICUs. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient was used to test the relationship between continuous (demographic and contextual) factors and IRU and CRU...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100136/the-dark-side-of-social-capital-a-systematic-review-of-the-negative-health-effects-of-social-capital
#20
E Villalonga-Olives, I Kawachi
There is a growing literature demonstrating the health benefits of social capital (defined as the resources accessed through social connections). However, social capital is also acknowledged to be a "double-edged" phenomenon, whose effects on health are not always positive. We sought to systematically review studies that have found a negative (i.e. harmful) association between social capital and health outcomes. Our objective was to classify the different types of negative effects, following a framework originally proposed by Portes (1998)...
October 21, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
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