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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352539/income-inequality-and-depression-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-association-and-a-scoping-review-of-mechanisms
#1
Vikram Patel, Jonathan K Burns, Monisha Dhingra, Leslie Tarver, Brandon A Kohrt, Crick Lund
Most countries have witnessed a dramatic increase of income inequality in the past three decades. This paper addresses the question of whether income inequality is associated with the population prevalence of depression and, if so, the potential mechanisms and pathways which may explain this association. Our systematic review included 26 studies, mostly from high-income countries. Nearly two-thirds of all studies and five out of six longitudinal studies reported a statistically significant positive relationship between income inequality and risk of depression; only one study reported a statistically significant negative relationship...
February 2018: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351862/social-capital-socioeconomic-status-and-depression-in-community-living-elderly
#2
Kyu-Man Han, Changsu Han, Cheolmin Shin, Hee-Jung Jee, Hyonggin An, Ho-Kyoung Yoon, Young-Hoon Ko, Seung-Hyun Kim
A growing body of evidence has suggested that social capital is an upstream social determinant of mental health. We investigated the association of cognitive social capital, including interpersonal trust and reciprocity, with depressive symptoms in the elderly. We also explored the mediating role of cognitive social capital in the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms and the moderating effect of SES on the relationship between social capital and depressive symptoms. Data from the 2012 Korea Welfare Panel Study (KOWEPS) was analyzed for 5969 participants aged 60 years or older...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349275/living-with-parents-or-grandparents-increases-social-capital-and-survival-2014-general-social-survey-national-death-index
#3
Peter Muennig, Boshen Jiao, Elizabeth Singer
Introduction: After nearly a century-long trend toward single-family living arrangements, people in wealthy nations are increasingly living in multi-generational households. Multi-generational living arrangements can, in theory, increase psychological, social, and financial capital-factors associated with improvements in health and longevity. Methods: We conducted a survival analysis using the 2014 General Social Survey-National Death Index, a prospective multi-year survey...
April 2018: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349238/engagement-with-health-care-providers-as-a-mediator-between-social-capital-and-quality-of-life-among-a-sample-of-people-living-with-hiv-in-the-united-states-path-analysis
#4
SoSon Jong, Adam Carrico, Bruce Cooper, Lisa Thompson, Carmen Portillo
Background: Social capital is "features of social organizations-networks, norms, and as trust that facilitate coordination and cooperation for mutual benefit". People with high social capital have lower mortality and better health outcomes. Although utilization of social networks has grown, social capital continues to be a complex concept in relation to health promotion. This study examined 1) associations between social capital and quality of life (QoL), 2) factors of social capital leading to higher QoL among people living with HIV (PLWH), 3) role of health care providers (HCP) as a mediator between social capital and QoL...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349237/social-capital-and-pet-ownership-a-tale-of-four-cities
#5
Lisa Wood, Karen Martin, Hayley Christian, Steve Houghton, Ichiro Kawachi, Shannen Vallesi, Sandra McCune
•Pet ownership is significantly associated with higher levels of social capital.•Social capital was associated with pet ownership in the U.S. and Australia.•Results are not confined to dog owners nor dog walkers.•Pets are an under-recognized conduit for building social capital.
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349223/social-participation-and-self-rated-psychological-health-a-longitudinal-study-on-bhps
#6
Damiano Fiorillo, Giuseppe Lubrano Lavadera, Nunzia Nappo
Although social capital has been hypothesized to have positive influence on psychological health, a relationship between social capital dimensions and psychological wellbeing has rarely been found. This longitudinal study investigates the relationship between social participation in associations and self-rated psychological health. The paper uses five waves of the British Household Panel Survey (BHPS) from 1991 to 1995 (unbalanced panel N=45,761). Ordered logit fixed effect methods were used to study the longitudinal link between structural social capital (being a member, active, and both a member and active in associations) and self-rated psychological health assessed by single items of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) controlling for age, marital status, household size, number of children, education, income, economic status, number of visits to the GP and health problems...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346279/how-neighborhood-effects-vary-childbearing-and-fathering-among-latino-and-african-american-adolescents
#7
Jessica L Lucero, Anna Maria Santiago, George C Galster
This study examines what neighborhood conditions experienced at age 15 and after are associated with teen childbearing and fathering among Latino and African American youth and whether these neighborhood effects vary by gender and/or ethnicity. Administrative and survey data from a natural experiment are used for a sample of 517 Latino and African American youth whose families were quasi-randomly assigned to public housing operated by the Denver (CO) Housing Authority (DHA). Characteristics of the neighborhood initially assigned by DHA to wait list applicants are utilized as identifying instruments for the neighborhood contexts experienced during adolescence...
January 18, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342115/investigating-the-associations-between-ethnic-networks-community-social-capital-and-physical-health-among-marriage-migrants-in-korea
#8
Harris Hyun-Soo Kim
This study examines factors associated with the physical health of Korea's growing immigrant population. Specifically, it focuses on the associations between ethnic networks, community social capital, and self-rated health (SRH) among female marriage migrants. For empirical testing, secondary analysis of a large nationally representative sample (NSMF 2009) is conducted. Given the clustered data structure (individuals nested in communities), a series of two-level random intercepts and slopes models are fitted to probe the relationships between SRH and interpersonal (bonding and bridging) networks among foreign-born wives in Korea...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339291/social-capital-and-child-nutrition-in-india-the-moderating-role-of-development
#9
Kriti Vikram
Empirical studies of social capital rarely take into account the socioeconomic context of the region in which it operates, indeed as most of this research has been located in high income countries. It is imperative to investigate how development may influence the impact of social capital, especially in developing countries. This paper examines the relationship between social capital and child nutrition using the India Human Development Survey, 2005-2006. Using a multilevel framework and a sample of 6770 rural children under the age of five, it finds that household based bridging social capital, expressed as connections with development based organizations, is positively associated with child nutrition...
January 13, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334231/social-capital-and-ptsd-among-plwha-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-resilience-and-internalized-stigma
#10
Mengting Gao, Chenchang Xiao, Xuan Zhang, Shiyue Li, Hong Yan
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is frequent among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Few studies have investigated social-psychological predictors of PTSD in China. This study aimed to examine relationships between social capital, stigma, resilience and PTSD among PLWHA in China, and to provide effective suggestions for PTSD intervention. A cross-sectional study of 520 PLWHA was conducted from November 2015 to January 2016. Survey data were collected using anonymous self-reported questionnaire. Multivariable analyses were used to examine related factors of PTSD, and causal mediation analyses were conducted to assess whether stigma and resilience were mediators...
January 15, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333660/interventions-to-increase-attendance-for-diabetic-retinopathy-screening
#11
REVIEW
John G Lawrenson, Ella Graham-Rowe, Fabiana Lorencatto, Jennifer Burr, Catey Bunce, Jillian J Francis, Patricia Aluko, Stephen Rice, Luke Vale, Tunde Peto, Justin Presseau, Noah Ivers, Jeremy M Grimshaw
BACKGROUND: Despite evidence supporting the effectiveness of diabetic retinopathy screening (DRS) in reducing the risk of sight loss, attendance for screening is consistently below recommended levels. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the review was to assess the effectiveness of quality improvement (QI) interventions that seek to increase attendance for DRS in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes.Secondary objectives were:To use validated taxonomies of QI intervention strategies and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) to code the description of interventions in the included studies and determine whether interventions that include particular QI strategies or component BCTs are more effective in increasing screening attendance;To explore heterogeneity in effect size within and between studies to identify potential explanatory factors for variability in effect size;To explore differential effects in subgroups to provide information on how equity of screening attendance could be improved;To critically appraise and summarise current evidence on the resource use, costs and cost effectiveness...
January 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331251/bridging-clinical-researcher-perceptions-and-health-it-realities-a-case-study-of-stakeholder-creep
#12
Daniel J Panyard, Edmond Ramly, Shannon M Dean, Christie M Bartels
PURPOSE: We present a case report detailing a challenge in health information technology (HIT) project implementations we term "stakeholder creep": not thoroughly identifying which stakeholders need to be involved and why before starting a project, consequently not understanding the true effort, skill sets, social capital, and time required to complete the project. METHODS: A root cause analysis was performed post-implementation to understand what led to stakeholder creep...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328984/does-college-major-matter-for-women-s-and-men-s-health-in-midlife-examining-the-horizontal-dimensions-of-educational-attainment
#13
Jennifer Karas Montez, Wencheng Zhang, Anna Zajacova, Tod G Hamilton
Studies on how education shapes adult health have largely conceptualized education as the quantity of schooling attained, coined the "vertical dimension" of education. While this dimension is important, heterogeneity within levels of education (the "horizontal dimension") may also shape health. Using data from the 2010-2014 American Community Survey on adults aged 45-64 with a Bachelor's degree (N = 667,362), we investigate the association between a key indicator of adult health (physical functioning) and an understudied horizontal dimension of education (college major)...
January 6, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328864/building-evidence-for-health-green-buildings-current-science-and-future-challenges
#14
J G Cedeño-Laurent, A Williams, P MacNaughton, X Cao, E Eitland, J Spengler, J Allen
Civilizational challenges have questioned the status quo of energy and material consumption by humans. From the built environment perspective, a response to these challenges was the creation of green buildings. Although the revolutionary capacity of the green building movement has elevated the expectations of new commercial construction, its rate of implementation has secluded the majority of the population from its benefits. Beyond reductions in energy usage and increases in market value, the main strength of green buildings may be the procurement of healthier building environments...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322106/questioning-the-role-of-facebook-in-maintaining-syrian-social-capital-during-the-syrian-crisis
#15
Reem Ramadan
The Syrian crisis is considered the 'world's single largest crisis for almost a quarter of a century that has the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation' (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 2016). The rapid adoption of Facebook among Syrians questions whether it helps in maintaining the social capital of a war-torn nation and a dispersed Syrian population worldwide. Data was collected by means of a Facebook survey from 964 Syrian users. Results indicated that Facebook enhanced social identity and social capital through facilitating communication, collaboration and resource sharing among dispersed Syrians inside and outside the country...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317272/social-influences-on-adolescents-dietary-behavior-in-catalonia-spain-a-qualitative-multiple-cases-study-from-the-perspective-of-social-capital
#16
Elena Carrillo-Álvarez, Jordi Riera-Romaní, Olga Canet-Vélez
Adolescence has been referred to as the last best chance to prevent adult non-communicable diseases. Gaining further evidence on the psychosocial determinants of health behaviors, particularly the impact of peers, social networks and media on diet, is necessary to develop appropriate preventive strategies. Based on a multiple-cases study, our aim was to discuss the social influences on adolescents' dietary behavior from a social capital perspective. Participants were reached through four high-schools in different Catalan rural-urban and socioeconomic contexts...
January 6, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315720/oral-diseases-associated-with-condition-specific-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-and-school-performance-of-thai-primary-school-children-a-hierarchical-approach
#17
Issarapong Kaewkamnerdpong, Sudaduang Krisdapong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hierarchical associations between children's school performance and condition-specific (CS) oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL), school absence, oral status, sociodemographic and economic status (SDES) and social capital; and to investigate the associations between CS OHRQoL and related oral status, adjusting for SDES and social capital. METHODS: Data on 925 sixth grade children in Sakaeo province, Thailand, were collected through oral examinations for dental caries and oral hygiene, social capital questionnaires, OHRQoL interviews using the Child-Oral Impacts on Daily Performances index, parental self-administered questionnaires and school documents...
January 8, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307259/social-capital-and-burnout-among-mental-healthcare-providers
#18
Johanne Eliacin, Mindy Flanagan, Maria Monroe-DeVita, Sarah Wasmuth, Michelle P Salyers, Angela L Rollins
BACKGROUND: Provider burnout is a critical problem in mental health services. Contributing factors have been explicated across three domains: personal, job and organizational characteristics. Of these, organizational characteristics, including workplace environment, appear to be particularly important given that most interventions addressing burnout via the other domains (e.g. bolstering personal coping skills) have been modestly effective at best. AIMS: This study builds on previous research by using social capital as a framework for the experience of work social milieu, and aims to provide a richer understanding of how workplace social environment might impact burnout and help create more effective ways to reduce burnout...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306806/transfers-of-embodied-pm2-5-emissions-from-and-to-the-north-china-region-based-on-a-multiregional-input-output-model
#19
Xue Yang, Wenzhong Zhang, Jie Fan, Jianhui Yu, Hongyan Zhao
Atmospheric PM2.5 pollution has become a global issue, and is increasingly being associated with social unrest. As a resource reliant local economy and heavy industry cluster, the North China region has become China's greatest emitter, and the source of much pollution spillover to outside regions. To address this issue, the current study investigates the transfers of embodied PM2.5 emissions to and from the North China region (which is taken to include Hebei, Henan, Shandong, and Shanxi, and is referred to here as HHSS)...
January 4, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305824/social-capital-and-health-among-older-chinese-immigrants-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-a-sample-in-a-canadian-prairie-city
#20
Hai Luo, Verena Menec
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and health among Chinese immigrants. The sample included 101 older Chinese immigrants aged 60 to 96 who were recruited in 2013 in a city on the Canadian prairies. Participant completed a questionnaire assessing their structural and cognitive social capital (views on community, trust and reciprocity, civic participation, social networks and support, and social participation), physical and mental health status (SF-36), and sociodemographic characteristics...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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