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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214962/apple-core-sign-in-colorectal-cancer
#1
REVIEW
Eduardo Kaiser Ururahy Nunes Fonseca, Cassia Franco Tridente, Renata Emy Ogawa, Fernando Ide Yamauchi, Ronaldo Hueb Baroni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213890/heterogeneity-in-meta-analyses-comparing-apples-and-oranges
#2
S W Choi, D M H Lam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 18, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213319/continuous-ohmic-heating-of-commercially-processed-apple-juice-using-five-sequential-electric-fields-results-in-rapid-inactivation-of-alicyclobacillus-acidoterrestris-spores
#3
N H Kim, J H Ryang, B S Lee, C T Kim, M S Rhee
Spores of Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris, a spoilage bacterium, cause problems for the apple juice industry because they are resistant to thermal treatment. Here, we examined the sporicidal effect of an ohmic heating (OH) system with five sequential electric fields and compared it with that of conventional heating. Apple juice product (50kg) inoculated with A. acidoterrestris spores were subjected to OH (electric field strength=26.7V/cm; frequency=25kHz) at 85-100°C for 30-90s. The effect of conventional heating was also examined under these conditions...
January 27, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209811/genome-sequencing-and-analysis-of-the-postharvest-fungus-penicillium-expansum-r21
#4
Guohua Yin, Yuliang Zhang, Sui Sheng T Hua, Jiujiang Yu, Lijing Bu, Kayla K Pennerman, Qixing Huang, Anping Guo, Joan W Bennett
Blue mold is the vernacular name of a common postharvest disease of stored apples, pears, and quince that is caused by several common species of Penicillium This study reports the draft genome sequence of Penicillium expansum strain R21, which was isolated from a red delicious apple in 2011 in Pennsylvania.
February 16, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208316/bistable-director-alignments-of-nematic-liquid-crystals-confined-in-frustrated-substrates
#5
Takeaki Araki, Jumpei Nagura
We studied in-plane bistable alignments of nematic liquid crystals confined by two frustrated surfaces by means of Monte Carlo simulations of the Lebwohl-Lasher spin model. The surfaces are prepared with orientational checkerboard patterns, on which the director field is locally anchored to be planar yet orthogonal between the neighboring blocks. We found the director field in the bulk tends to be aligned along the diagonal axes of the checkerboard pattern, as reported experimentally [J.-H. Kim et al., Appl...
January 2017: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208254/electrochemical-detection-of-escherichia-coli-from-aqueous-samples-using-engineered-phages
#6
Danhui Wang, Juhong Chen, Sam R Nugen
In this study, an enzyme-based electrochemical method was developed for the detection of Escherichia coli (E. coli) using the T7 bacteriophages engineered with lacZ operon encoding for beta-galactosidase (β-gal). The T7lacZ phages can infect E. coli, and have the ability to trigger the overexpression of β-gal during the infection of E. coli. The use of the engineered phages resulted in a more sensitive detection of E. coli by (1) overexpression of β-gal in E. coli during the specific infection and (2) release of the endogenous intracellular β-gal from E...
February 7, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207444/acute-normovolemic-hemodilution-picking-more-apples-and-oranges
#7
Roman M Sniecinski, Edward J Mascha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205206/apples-and-oranges-four-definitions-of-multiple-chronic-conditions-and-their-relationship-to-30-day-hospital-readmission
#8
Melissa Dattalo, Eva DuGoff, Katie Ronk, Korey Kennelty, Andrea Gilmore-Bykovskyi, Amy J Kind
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent of agreement between four commonly used definitions of multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) and compare each definition's ability to predict 30-day hospital readmissions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Medicare claims data. PARTICIPANTS: Random sample of Medicare beneficiaries discharged from the hospital from 2005 to 2009 (n = 710,609). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline chronic conditions were determined for each participant using four definitions of MCC...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203241/models-for-predicting-the-architecture-of-different-shoot-types-in-apple
#9
Emna Baïram, Mickaël Delaire, Christian Le Morvan, Gerhard Buck-Sorlin
In apple, the first-order branch of a tree has a characteristic architecture constituting three shoot types: bourses (rosettes), bourse shoots, and vegetative shoots. Its overall architecture as well as that of each shoot thus determines the distribution of sources (leaves) and sinks (fruits) and could have an influence on the amount of sugar allocated to fruits. Knowledge of architecture, in particular the position and area of leaves helps to quantify source strength. In order to reconstruct this initial architecture, rules equipped with allometric relations could be used: these allow predicting model parameters that are difficult to measure from simple traits that can be determined easily, non-destructively and directly in the orchard...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199444/new-biotechnological-tools-to-accelerate-scab-resistance-trait-transfer-to-apple
#10
Roberta Cusin, Luís Fernando Revers, Felipe Dos Santos Maraschin
Apple is a fruit crop cultivated worldwide. Apple orchards are exposed to a diverse set of environmental and biological factors that affect the productivity and sustainability of the culture. Many of the efforts and costs for apple production rely on reducing the incidence of fungal diseases, and one of the main diseases is apple scab caused by the fungus Venturia inaequalis. The economic impact of scab on apple productivity has guided many breeding programs to search for cultivars resistant to apple scab. Introgression from wild relatives has been successful to some extent, and genetic engineering for resistant cultivars has even been employed...
February 13, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199046/bone-regeneration-in-a-rabbit-critical-femoral-defect-by-means-of-magnetic-hydroxyapatite-macroporous-scaffolds
#11
A Russo, M Bianchi, M Sartori, M Boi, G Giavaresi, D M Salter, M Jelic, M C Maltarello, A Ortolani, S Sprio, M Fini, A Tampieri, M Marcacci
Magnetic scaffolds have recently attracted significant attention in tissue engineering due to the prospect of improving bone tissue formation by conveying soluble factors such as growth factors, hormones, and polypeptides directly to the site of implantation, as well as to the possibility of improving implant fixation and stability. The objective of this study was to compare bone tissue formation in a preclinical rabbit model of critical femoral defect treated either with a hydroxyapatite (HA)/magnetite (90/10 wt %) or pure HA porous scaffolds at 4 and 12 weeks after implantation...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198417/chilling-affects-phytohormone-and-post-embryonic-development-pathways-during-bud-break-and-fruit-set-in-apple-malus-domestica-borkh
#12
Gulshan Kumar, Khushboo Gupta, Shivalika Pathania, Mohit Kumar Swarnkar, Usha Kumari Rattan, Gagandeep Singh, Ram Kumar Sharma, Anil Kumar Singh
The availability of sufficient chilling during bud dormancy plays an important role in the subsequent yield and quality of apple fruit, whereas, insufficient chilling availability negatively impacts the apple production. The transcriptome profiling during bud dormancy release and initial fruit set under low and high chill conditions was performed using RNA-seq. The comparative high number of differentially expressed genes during bud break and fruit set under high chill condition indicates that chilling availability was associated with transcriptional reorganization...
February 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197827/phloretin-prevents-high-fat-diet-induced-obesity-and-improves-metabolic-homeostasis
#13
Sary Alsanea, Mingming Gao, Dexi Liu
Reactive oxygen species generated as a by-product in metabolism play a central role in the development of obesity and obesity-related metabolic complications. The objective of the current study is to explore the possibility to block obesity and improve metabolic homeostasis via phloretin, a natural antioxidant product from apple tree leaves and Manchurian apricot. Both preventive and therapeutic activities of phloretin were assessed using a high-fat diet-induced obesity mouse model. Phloretin was injected intraperitoneally twice weekly into regular and obese mice fed a high-fat diet...
February 14, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197070/role-of-app-interactions-with-heterotrimeric-g-proteins-physiological-functions-and-pathological-consequences
#14
REVIEW
Philip F Copenhaver, Donat Kögel
Following the discovery that the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is the source of β-amyloid peptides (Aβ) that accumulate in Alzheimer's disease (AD), structural analyses suggested that the holoprotein resembles a transmembrane receptor. Initial studies using reconstituted membranes demonstrated that APP can directly interact with the heterotrimeric G protein Gαo (but not other G proteins) via an evolutionarily G protein-binding motif in its cytoplasmic domain. Subsequent investigations in cell culture showed that antibodies against the extracellular domain of APP could stimulate Gαo activity, presumably mimicking endogenous APP ligands...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196336/regression-of-atherosclerosis-with-apple-procyanidins-by-activating-the-atp-binding-cassette-subfamily-a-member-1-in-a-rabbit-model
#15
Liang Wang, Toshio Fumoto, Saeko Masumoto, Toshihiko Shoji, Tomisato Miura, Masato Naraoka, Naoya Matsuda, Tadaatsu Imaizumi, Hiroki Ohkuma
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Apple polyphenol contains abundant procyanidins, which have been associated with an anti-atherosclerosis and cholesterol-lowering effect. The aim of this study was to investigate whether apple procyanidins (APCs) feature therapeutic efficacy in terms of regressing atherosclerosis and whether this efficacy is due to mechanisms other than a cholesterol-lowering effect. METHODS: After eight weeks on an atherogenic diet, rabbits were given a normal diet for another eight weeks to normalize the increased serum lipids level...
January 27, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195576/the-mole-mapper-study-mobile-phone-skin-imaging-and-melanoma-risk-data-collected-using-researchkit
#16
Dan E Webster, Christine Suver, Megan Doerr, Erin Mounts, Lisa Domenico, Tracy Petrie, Sancy A Leachman, Andrew D Trister, Brian M Bot
Sensor-embedded phones are an emerging facilitator for participant-driven research studies. Skin cancer research is particularly amenable to this approach, as phone cameras enable self-examination and documentation of mole abnormalities that may signal a progression towards melanoma. Aggregation and open sharing of this participant-collected data can be foundational for research and the development of early cancer detection tools. Here we describe data from Mole Mapper, an iPhone-based observational study built using the Apple ResearchKit framework...
February 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195398/preparation-of-magnetic-mesoporous-silica-composite-for-the-solid-phase-microextraction-of-diazinon-and-malathion-before-their-determination-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#17
Alireza Bazmandegan-Shamili, Ali Mohammad Haji Shabani, Shayessteh Dadfarnia, Masoud Rohani Moghadam, Mahboubeh Saeidi
A novel magnetic mesoporous silica material was synthesized and used as the sorbent for the magnetic solid-phase microextraction of diazinon and malathion before their quantification by high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. The sorbent was synthesized by a surfactant-templated one-pot sol-gel procedure using SiO2 -coated Fe3 O4 as the magnetic support, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide as the template and tetraethyl orthosilicate as the silicon source. The characteristics of the prepared sorbent were investigated using FTIR spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195388/survey-of-conspecific-herbivore-induced-volatiles-from-apple-as-possible-attractants-for-pandemis-pyrusana-lepidoptera-tortricidae
#18
V Giacomuzzi, J Mattheis, E Basoalto, S Angeli, A L Knight
BACKGROUND: Studies were conducted to identify volatiles released by apple foliage untreated or sprayed with a yeast and from untreated and sprayed foliage with actively-feeding larvae of Pandemis pyrusana Kearfott. Field studies then evaluated various combinations of these volatiles when paired with acetic acid as possible adult attractants. RESULTS: The most abundant volatiles released following herbivore-feeding were four green leaf volatiles (GLVs) and acetic acid...
February 13, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195008/packaging-waste-prevention-in-the-distribution-of-fruit-and-vegetables-an-assessment-based-on-the-life-cycle-perspective
#19
Camilla Tua, Simone Nessi, Lucia Rigamonti, Giovanni Dolci, Mario Grosso
In recent years, alternative food supply chains based on short distance production and delivery have been promoted as being more environmentally friendly than those applied by the traditional retailing system. An example is the supply of seasonal and possibly locally grown fruit and vegetables directly to customers inside a returnable crate (the so-called 'box scheme'). In addition to other claimed environmental and economic advantages, the box scheme is often listed among the packaging waste prevention measures...
February 1, 2017: Waste Management & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194954/gecko-inspired-nanotentacle-surface-enhanced-raman-spectroscopy-substrate-for-sampling-and-reliable-detection-of-pesticide-residues-in-fruits-and-vegetables
#20
Pan Wang, Long Wu, Zhicheng Lu, Qin Li, Wenmin Yin, Fan Ding, Heyou Han
Rapid sampling and multicomponent detection are crucial for monitoring of pesticide residues analysis. Here, a gecko-inspired nanotentacle surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (G-SERS) platform is proposed for the first time for the simultaneous detection of three kinds of pesticides via a simple and intuitive "press and peeled-off" approach. The G-SERS platform obtained from seeding deposition of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) on 3D PDMS nanotentacle array is flexible and free-standing. Compared with other substrates, this G-SERS substrate can simultaneously provide outstanding SERS activity (enhancement factor = 1...
February 6, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
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