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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547098/obstetrical-and-perinatal-morbidity-and-mortality-among-in-vitro-fertilization-pregnancies-a-population-based-study
#1
Hussein Sabban, Andrew Zakhari, Valerie Patenaude, Togas Tulandi, Haim A Abenhaim
PURPOSE: To compare patient characteristics and obstetrical/neonatal outcomes of in-vitro fertilization (IVF) and spontaneously conceived pregnancies. METHODS: Using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, we conducted a retrospective cohort study from 2008 to 2011 comparing IVF conceptions to spontaneous ones. Patient characteristics were descriptively compared, and after adjusting for baseline characteristics with logistic regression, obstetrical/neonatal outcomes were also compared...
May 25, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546543/metabolic-profiling-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-reveals-interactions-with-abdominal-obesity
#2
Alexessander Couto Alves, Beatriz Valcarcel, Ville-Petteri Mäkinen, Laure Morin-Papunen, Sylvain Sebert, Antti J Kangas, Pasi Soininen, Shikta Das, Maria De Iorio, Lachlan Coin, Mika Ala-Korpela, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Stephen Franks
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive disorder associated with metabolic disturbances including obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes mellitus. Here we investigate whether changes in the metabolic profile of PCOS women are driven by increased tendency to obesity or are specific features of PCOS related to increased testosterone levels. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an NMR metabolomics association study of PCOS cases (n=145) and controls (n=687) nested in a population-based birth cohort (n=3,127)...
May 26, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534840/birth-outcomes-after-the-fukushima-daiichi-nuclear-power-plant-disaster-a-long-term-retrospective-study
#3
Claire Leppold, Shuhei Nomura, Toyoaki Sawano, Akihiko Ozaki, Masaharu Tsubokura, Sarah Hill, Yukio Kanazawa, Hiroshi Anbe
Changes in population birth outcomes, including increases in low birthweight or preterm births, have been documented after natural and manmade disasters. However, information is limited following the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Disaster. In this study, we assessed whether there were long-term changes in birth outcomes post-disaster, compared to pre-disaster data, and whether residential area and food purchasing patterns, as proxy measurements of evacuation and radiation-related anxiety, were associated with post-disaster birth outcomes...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532720/the-dietary-composition-of-women-who-delivered-preterm-and-full-term-infants
#4
Wioletta Waksmańska, Rafał Bobiński, Izabela Ulman-Włodarz, Anna Pielesz, Monika Mikulska
OBJECTIVES: Literature data show that excess and primary deficiency in particular nutrients, vitamins and minerals may lead to pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, hypertension and neural tube defects in the foetus. The aim of the study was to determine differences in average daily consumption of selected nutrients during pregnancy in women who did not supplement their diet and to evaluate the influence of dietary habits on the occurrence of pre-term delivery and hypertension in pregnant women...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525824/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-of-pregnant-women-from-2005-to-2015
#5
REVIEW
M Morin, C Vayssiere, O Claris, F Irague, S Mallah, L Molinier, Y Matillon
Over the past two decades, quality of life has become an essential preoccupation in the care of patients. Many measuring instruments are available to assess physical, psychological and social quality of life. These tools allow healthcare professionals to determine the best quality of their patients. However, the quality of life for the pregnant woman seems to be little studied. This article presents the results of a bibliographic review of publications between 2005 and 2015 - referenced in PUBMED and COCHRANE - on the quality of life of pregnant women giving birth after the 22nd week of amenorrhea...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522319/association-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#6
Lynn M Yee, Aaron B Caughey, Yvonne W Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain above or below the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Although it has been well established that excess gestational weight gain is associated with the development of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, the relationship between gestational weight gain and adverse perinatal outcomes among women with pregestational (chronic) hypertension is less clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between gestational weight gain above and below IOM guidelines and perinatal outcomes in a large, population-based cohort of women with chronic hypertension...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514885/poorer-maternal-diet-quality-and-increased-birth-weight
#7
Madeline Grandy, Jonathan M Snowden, Janne Boone-Heinonen, Jonathan Q Purnell, Kent L Thornburg, Nicole E Marshall
OBJECTIVE: Maternal diet and gestational weight gain (GWG) influence birth weight and infant adiposity, which are important predictors of lifetime health. To better understand these relationships, we studied associations between maternal diet and GWG, adiposity, and birth weight in a well characterized cohort of pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained from 41 term (>37 weeks), uncomplicated, singleton pregnancies according to pre-pregnancy BMI categories of normal (n = 11), overweight (n = 15), or obese (n = 15)...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514830/association-of-maternal-serum-papp-a-levels-nuchal-translucency-and-crown-rump-length-in-first-trimester-with-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Ashwini Bilagi, Danielle L Burke, Richard D Riley, Ian Mills, Mark D Kilby, R Katie Morris
OBJECTIVE: Are first trimester serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), nuchal translucency (NT) and crown rump length (CRL) prognostic factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes? METHOD: Retrospective cohort women, singleton pregnancies (UK 2011-2015). Unadjusted and multivariable logistic regression, outcomes: small for gestational age (SGA), pre-eclampsia (PE), pre-term birth (PTB), miscarriage, stillbirth, perinatal mortality and neonatal death (NND)...
May 17, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483819/short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-preterm-neonates-with-acute-severe-pulmonary-hypertension-following-rescue-treatment-with-inhaled-nitric-oxide
#9
Michelle Baczynski, Shannon Ginty, Dany E Weisz, Patrick J McNamara, Edmond Kelly, Prakeshkumar Shah, Amish Jain
OBJECTIVE: To describe short-term and long-term outcomes of preterm neonates with severe acute pulmonary hypertension (aPHT) in relation to response to rescue inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort studyover a 6 year period. SETTING: Tertiary neonatal intensive care unit. PATIENTS: 89 neonates <35 weeks gestational age (GA) who received rescue iNO for aPHT, including 62 treated at ≤3 days of age (early aPHT)...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472859/lifestyle-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#10
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Nisreen A Alwan, Jane West, Stephen Brown, Christopher Jd McKinlay, Diane Farrar, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes (GDM) is glucose intolerance, first recognised in pregnancy and usually resolving after birth. GDM is associated with both short- and long-term adverse effects for the mother and her infant. Lifestyle interventions are the primary therapeutic strategy for many women with GDM. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of combined lifestyle interventions with or without pharmacotherapy in treating women with gestational diabetes. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (14 May 2016), ClinicalTrials...
May 4, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467232/influence-of-pre-pregnancy-leisure-time-physical-activity-on-gestational-and-postpartum-weight-gain-and-birth-weight-a-cohort-study
#11
Hanne Kristine Hegaard, Line Rode, Malene Kjær Katballe, Henning Langberg, Bent Ottesen, Peter Damm
In order to examine the association between pre-pregnancy leisure time physical activities and gestational weight gain, postpartum weight gain and birth weight, we analysed prospectively collected data from 1827 women with singleton term pregnancies. Women were categorised in groups of sedentary women, light exercisers, moderate exercisers and competitive athletes. The results showed that sedentary women on average gained 14.1 kg during pregnancy, whereas light exercisers gained 13.7 kg, moderate exercisers gained 14...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#12
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455751/national-trends-and-outcomes-of-autologous-in-vitro-fertilization-cycles-among-women-ages-40-years-and-older
#13
Heather Hipp, Sara Crawford, Jennifer F Kawwass, Sheree L Boulet, David A Grainger, Dmitry M Kissin, Denise Jamieson
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe trends in and investigate variables associated with clinical pregnancy and live birth in autologous in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles among women ≥40 years. METHODS: We used autologous IVF cycle data from the National ART Surveillance System (NASS) for women ≥40 years at cycle start. We assessed trends in fresh and frozen cycles (n = 371,536) from 1996 to 2013. We reported perinatal outcomes and determined variables associated with clinical pregnancy and live birth in fresh cycles between 2007 and 2013...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452133/blinded-ultrasonic-fetal-biometry-at-36-weeks-and-the-risk-of-emergency-caesarean-delivery-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-3-047-low-risk-nulliparous-women
#14
Ulla Sovio, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVES: We studied the risk of emergency caesarean delivery (CD) using blinded ultrasonographic estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 36 weeks of gestational age (wkGA): (1) to compare the association for customised and non-customised EFW, (2) to determine whether adding ultrasonic EFW improved prediction based on maternal characteristics alone, and (3) to determine whether women at high predicted risk of emergency CD had higher risks of maternal and perinatal morbidity than other women...
April 28, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434732/the-effect-of-a-furnished-individual-hutch-pre-weaning-on-calf-behavior-response-to-novelty-and-growth
#15
J A Pempek, M L Eastridge, K L Proudfoot
Housing preweaned dairy calves in individual outdoor hutches is common in North America. However, this type of housing lacks stimulation and minimizes calves' ability to express natural behavior. Providing a social companion has been shown to stimulate natural behavior and promote growth, but no research has assessed the effect of providing physical enrichment items to calves pre-weaning. The objective of this study was to determine calf use of physical items added to an individual hutch, and if providing these items affected growth, behavior (e...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434376/pre-clinical-and-clinical-development-of-the-first-placental-malaria-vaccine
#16
Caroline Pehrson, Ali Salanti, Thor G Theander, Morten A Nielsen
Malaria during pregnancy is a massive health problem in endemic areas. Placental malaria infections caused by Plasmodium falciparum are responsible for up to one million babies being born with a low birth weight every year. Significant efforts have been invested into preventing the condition. Areas covered: Pub Med was searched using the broad terms 'malaria parasite placenta' to identify studies of interactions between parasite and host, 'prevention of placental malaria' to identify current strategies to prevent placental malaria, and 'placental malaria vaccine' to identify pre-clinical vaccine development...
June 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429908/pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-as-a-predictor-of-low-birth-weight-infants-in-japan
#17
Utako Murai, Kyoko Nomura, Michiko Kido, Takeaki Takeuchi, Mitsuhiro Sugimoto, Mahbubur Rahman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of low birth weight (LBW) infants in Japan has doubled in the last several decades. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on LBW infants of Japanese women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted using data on 1,336 mothers (mean age, 34.0 years)whose pre-pregnancy BMI was less than 23 kg/m2 and their singleton infants were born at full term between January and December in 2011...
May 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429366/analysis-of-transcriptional-activities-of-angiogenic-biomarkers-during-intrauterine-complications-leading-to-preterm-birth
#18
M Rabajdová, R Dudič, P Urban, V Dudičová, P Urdzík, M Mareková
OBJECTIVE: Pre-eclampsia, growth retardation and preterm delivery are the most common reasons leading to increased maternal and perinatal mortality. The increased expression of hypoxia induced factors, such as HIF-1, triggers the overexpression of anti-angiogenic genes. The aim of this study was to determine the transcriptional activity of individual pro- and anti-angiogenic markers (VEGF, HIF-1, sEng, Flt-1, PlGF-1) in maternal blood samples from patients with spontaneous preterm labor, preterm labor in combination with pre-eclampsia and fetal growth restriction in comparison with physiologically terminated pregnancies...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427711/maternal-and-perinatal-characteristics-of-infants-who-later-in-life-developed-multiple-sclerosis-record-linkage-study
#19
Alexander Goldacre, Julia Pakpoor, Michael Goldacre
BACKGROUND: Pre-natal and early life factors may have a role in multiple sclerosis (MS) pathogenesis in some people. However, the reporting of any influence of maternal and perinatal factors on MS risk has been limited. We aimed to study maternal and perinatal characteristics of babies who went on to develop MS. METHODS: Data were analysed from the historical Oxford Record Linkage Study dataset 1970-1989, which incorporated a specialised maternity dataset with record linkage between mother and baby, covering a population of 850,000...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421136/time-from-pre-eclampsia-diagnosis-to-delivery-affects-future-health-prospects-of-children
#20
Birgitte Hollegaard, Jacob A Lykke, Jacobus J Boomsma
Background and objectives: Pre-eclampsia often has detrimental health effects for pregnant women and their fetuses, but whether exposure in the womb has long-term health-consequences for children as they grow up remains poorly understood. We assessed overall morbidity of children following exposure to either mild or severe pre-eclampsia up to 30 years after birth and related disease risks to duration of exposure, i.e. the time from diagnosis to delivery. Methodology: We did a registry-based retrospective cohort study in Denmark covering the years 1979-2009, using the separate diagnoses of mild and severe pre-eclampsia and the duration of exposure as predictor variables for specific and overall risks of later disease...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
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