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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917208/prenatal-exposure-to-perfluoroalkyl-substances-and-birth-outcomes-in-a-spanish-birth-cohort
#1
Cyntia B Manzano-Salgado, Maribel Casas, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa, Ferran Ballester, Carmen Iñiguez, David Martinez, Olga Costa, Loreto Santa-Marina, Eva Pereda-Pereda, Thomas Schettgen, Jordi Sunyer, Martine Vrijheid
BACKGROUND: Prenatal perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) exposure has been associated with reduced birth weight but maternal glomerular filtration rate (GFR) may attenuate this association. Further, this association remains unclear for other perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorononanoate (PFNA). We estimated associations between prenatal PFAS exposure and birth outcomes, and the influence of GFR, in a Spanish birth cohort...
September 13, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913132/the-incidence-risk-factors-and-mortality-of-preterm-neonates-a-prospective-study-from-jordan-2012-2013
#2
Nadin M Abdel Razeq, Yousef S Khader, Anwar M Batieha
OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence of preterm delivery, maternal risk factors for having a preterm neonate, and preterm neonates' mortality in Jordan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based design was applied. Socio-demographic, perinatal, delivery risk factors, and survival information were gathered in pre- and post-hospital discharge interviews with 21075 women who gave birth to live neonates at ≥20 weeks of gestation in 18 hospitals in Jordan...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893263/evaluation-of-a-continuous-community-based-itn-distribution-pilot-in-lainya-county-south-sudan-2012-2013
#3
Albert Kilian, Lisa Woods Schnurr, Tafadzwa Matova, Richmond Ato Selby, Kojo Lokko, Sean Blaufuss, Miatta Zenabu Gbanya, Ruth Allan, Hannah Koenker, Martin Swaka, George Greer, Megan Fotheringham, Lilia Gerberg, Matthew Lynch
BACKGROUND: Continuous distribution of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) has now been accepted as one way of sustaining ITN universal coverage. Community-based channels offer an interesting means of delivering ITNs to households to sustain universal ITN coverage. The objective of this study was to provide proof of concept for this channel. METHODS: A 9-month, community-based, distribution pilot was implemented beginning 1 year after a mass campaign in Lainya County, South Sudan from 2012 to 2013...
September 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882581/premature-ovarian-senescence-and-high-miscarriage-rate-impair-fertility-in-women-with-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#4
Aimilia Karampatou, Xue Han, Loreta A Kondili, Gloria Taliani, Alessia Ciancio, Filomena Morisco, Rosina Maria Critelli, Enrica Baraldi, Veronica Bernabucci, Giulia Troshina, Maria Guarino, Simonetta Tagliavini, Federica D'Ambrosio, Laura Bristot, Laura Turco, Stefano Rosato, Stefano Vella, Tommaso Trenti, Isabella Neri, Antonio La Marca, Shivaji Manthena, Andrea S Goldstein, Savino Bruno, Yanjun Bao, Yuri Sanchez Gonzalez, Erica Villa
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Premenopausal Hepatitis C Virus positive (HCV+) women have failing ovarian function.We thus investigated reproductive history,risk of infertility and pregnancy outcomes in HCV+ women of childbearing age. METHODS: Three different groups were studied:1) Clinical cohort:100 HCV+ women with chronic liver disease (CLD), age matched with 50 HBV+ women with CLD and with 100 healthy women consecutively observed in 3 Italian Gastroenterology Units;2) 1998 HCV+ women enrolled in the Italian Platform for the Study of Viral Hepatitis Therapies (PITER);3) 6...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870230/pre-pregnancy-weight-gestational-weight-gain-and-the-gut-microbiota-of-mothers-and-their-infants
#5
Maggie A Stanislawski, Dana Dabelea, Brandie D Wagner, Marci K Sontag, Catherine A Lozupone, Merete Eggesbø
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence supports that the maternal gut microbiota impacts the initial infant gut microbiota. Since the gut microbiota may play a causal role in the development of obesity, it is important to understand how pre-pregnancy weight and gestational weight gain (GWG) impact the gut microbiota of mothers at the time of delivery and their infants in early life. In this study, we performed 16S rRNA gene sequencing on gut microbiota samples from 169 women 4 days after delivery and from the 844 samples of their infants at six timepoints during the first 2 years of life...
September 4, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858003/refractive-status-in-nepalese-pre-term-and-full-term-infants-early-in-life
#6
Samir Uprety, Priya Morjaria, Jyoti B Shrestha, Gauri S Shrestha, Safal Khanal
SIGNIFICANCE: This study suggests that pre-term infants, even without retinopathy of prematurity, are at risk for abnormal refractive development and informs the need for close monitoring of refractive error in such infants, regardless of their retinopathy of prematurity status. PURPOSE: The present study aims to investigate the refractive error trend in Nepalese pre-term infants without retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in the first 6 months of life and explore the association of refractive error with birth weight (BW) and gestational age (GA)...
August 29, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851825/embryo-biopsy-and-development-the-known-and-unknown
#7
Federica Zacchini, Roberta Arena, Adam Abramik, Grazyna Ewa Ptak
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) has been introduced in clinical practice as a tool for selecting "healthy" embryos before their transfer in utero. PGD protocols include biopsy of cleaving embryos (Blastomere Biopsy - BB) or blastocysts (trophectoderm biopsy - TB), followed by genetic analysis to select "healthy" embryos for transfer in utero. Currently, TB is replacing the use of BB in the clinical practice. However, based on the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Consortium reports, BB has been used in >87% of PGD cycles for more than 10 years...
August 29, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842114/intergenerational-effect-of-maternal-exposure-to-childhood-maltreatment-on-newborn-brain-anatomy
#8
Nora K Moog, Sonja Entringer, Jerod M Rasmussen, Martin Styner, John H Gilmore, Norbert Kathmann, Christine M Heim, Pathik D Wadhwa, Claudia Buss
BACKGROUND: Childhood maltreatment (CM) confers deleterious long-term consequences, and growing evidence suggests some of these effects may be transmitted across generations. We examined the intergenerational effect of maternal CM exposure on child brain structure and also addressed the hypothesis that this effect may start during the child's intrauterine period of life. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in a clinical convenience sample of 80 mother-child dyads...
July 21, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833337/maternal-body-mass-index-and-regional-anaesthesia-use-at-term-prevalence-and-complications
#9
Frances M Biel, Nicole E Marshall, Jonathan M Snowden
BACKGROUND: There is an evidence gap regarding the use of regional anaesthesia (epidural, spinal, or combined epidural/spinal anaesthesia) and associated complications by maternal body mass index (BMI). We examine associations between regional anaesthesia, mode of delivery, and regional anaesthesia complications by pre-pregnancy BMI categories among term deliveries. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of births in California, 2007-2010, utilizing linked birth certificate data and patient discharge data...
August 22, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832100/consensus-on-use-of-insulins-in-gestational-diabetes
#10
Kalyan Kumar Gangopadhyay, J J Mukherjee, R K Sahay
INTRODUCTION: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM), diabetes diagnosed during pregnancy is associated with maternal (caesarean delivery, hypoglycaemia, hyperbilirubinaemia, shoulder dystocia, pre-term delivery and birth trauma) and fetal (Hyperbilirubinaemia in offspring, Neonatal hypoglycaemia, Macrosomia) complications. Despite, insulin being the standard treatment for GDM cases, there is no existing comprehensive consensus update on use of insulin in Indian patients with GDM. OBJECTIVE: To provide simple and easily implementable guidelines to healthcare physicians on use of insulin in GDM...
March 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831553/efficacy-and-safety-of-misoprostol-dinoprostone-and-cook-s-balloon-for-labour-induction-in-women-with-foetal-growth-restriction-at-term
#11
Jorge Duro-Gómez, María Fernanda Garrido-Oyarzún, Ana Belén Rodríguez-Marín, Antonio Jesús de la Torre González, José Eduardo Arjona-Berral, Camil Castelo-Branco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare effectiveness and safety of dinoprostone, misoprostol and Cook's balloon as labour-inducing agents in women with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) at term. METHODS: Retrospective cohort chart review of women diagnosed with foetal growth restriction at term in Reina Sofia Hospital, Cordoba, Spain from January 2014 to December 2015. Registration of baseline characteristics and method of induction was made. The main outcome was time from induction to delivery...
August 22, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829768/association-of-pre-pregnancy-body-mass-index-with-offspring-metabolic-profile-analyses-of-3-european-prospective-birth-cohorts
#12
Diana L Santos Ferreira, Dylan M Williams, Antti J Kangas, Pasi Soininen, Mika Ala-Korpela, George Davey Smith, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Debbie A Lawlor
BACKGROUND: A high proportion of women start pregnancy overweight or obese. According to the developmental overnutrition hypothesis, this could lead offspring to have metabolic disruption throughout their lives and thus perpetuate the obesity epidemic across generations. Concerns about this hypothesis are influencing antenatal care. However, it is unknown whether maternal pregnancy adiposity is associated with long-term risk of adverse metabolic profiles in offspring, and if so, whether this association is causal, via intrauterine mechanisms, or explained by shared familial (genetic, lifestyle, socioeconomic) characteristics...
August 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822870/maternal-obesity-and-attention-related-symptoms-in-the-preterm-offspring
#13
Jelske W van der Burg, Elizabeth T Jensen, Margot van de Bor, Robert M Joseph, T Michael O'Shea, Karl Kuban, Elizabeth N Allred, Megan Scott, Scott Hunter, Stephen R Hooper, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton
BACKGROUND: Maternal pre-pregnancy obesity, in term-born children, is associated with an increased risk of attention problems, however this relationship has not been explored among children born extremely preterm. AIM: To estimate the risk of attention problems at age 10years in children born very preterm to overweight (i.e., body mass index (BMI) 25-29kg/m(2)) and obese (i.e., BMI≥30kg/m(2)) women relative to the risk among children born to women who were neither overweight nor obese (i...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822733/-blood-transfusion-to-pre-term-neonates-what-is-new-in-the-french-guidelines-since-2002
#14
G Favrais, B Wibaut, P Pladys, E Saliba
This document updates the "Guidelines for the Administration of Blood Products: Transfusion of Infants and Neonates" published in 2002 by the French National Authority for Health (HAS). In doing so, it acknowledges changes in transfusion practices during the past decade, particularly with respect to safety issues and additional published transfusion-related guidelines. The major modifications concern irregular agglutinin screening indications before 4 months of age, a limitation of blood irradiation, and a non-recommendation for systematically checking for cytomegalovirus status...
August 16, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815846/innovative-look-at-dairy-heifer-rearing-effect-of-prenatal-and-post-natal-environment-on-later-performance
#15
REVIEW
M Van Eetvelde, G Opsomer
As heifer rearing is a costly investment, dairy farmers have been stimulated to maximize early growth of their calves, mainly by enhanced liquid feeding. However, the long-term effects of this "accelerated growth" are largely unknown. Studies recently performed at Ghent University indicate that in dairy cattle, certain maternal factors (such as young age and high milk yield) and environmental factors (such as high ambient temperatures) create a suboptimal environment for the developing foetus, altering the phenotype of the newborn calf...
August 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811156/screening-of-congenital-hypothyroidism-in-preterm-low-birth-weight-and-very-low-birth-weight-neonates-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Mahin Hashemipour, Silva Hovsepian, Arman Ansari, Mojtaba Keikha, Pooyan Khalighinejad, Negar Niknam
Evidence from different screening programs indicated that the rate of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) was higher in pre-term and low-birth-weight (LBW) newborns than normal ones. Incomplete development of hypothalamic-pituitary axis in this group of neonates results in the delayed rise of TSH and missing cases with CH. Hence, there is a great need for a practicable systematic screening method for proper diagnosis of CH in this group of neonates. In this review, we systematically reviewed papers with the following key words ([Congenital Hypothyroidism AND Screening AND Thyroxine AND Thyroid Stimulating Hormone AND Low Birth Weight AND Premature]) in international electronic databases including PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
July 22, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805261/pregnancy-outcomes-and-impact-of-pregnancy-on-graft-function-in-women-after-kidney-transplantation
#17
Fa Mohammadi, M Borg, A Gulyani, S P Mcdonald, S Jesudason
BACKGROUND: Kidney transplantation facilitates pregnancy in women with end-stage kidney disease, however impact of pregnancy on short and longer-term graft function is uncertain. METHODS: Obstetric, foetal and graft outcomes for pregnancies from a large Australian transplant unit (1976-2015) were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 56 pregnancies in 35 women with mean age at conception 30.4±0.6 years and mean transplant-pregnancy interval 5.5±0...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805143/a-pre-term-infant-of-32-weeks-gestation-with-congenital-tuberculosis-treated-successfully-with-antituberculosis-chemotherapy
#18
Xiaoyi Fang, Ruizhi Mai, Jizhong Guo, Niyang Lin
An infant of 32 weeks gestation was separated from her mother at birth for treatment of hyaline membrane disease and, on recovery, was cared for by adoptive parents. At 25 days, she was treated for pneumonia with immunoglobulins and multiple antibiotics and appeared to respond. Her symptoms recurred at 8 weeks and tuberculosis was confirmed by detection in an acid-fast bacilli smear of gastric aspirate. Her mother presented with disseminated tuberculosis with meningitis 1 month after delivery. Criteria for the diagnosis of congenital tuberculosis in the infant were confirmed...
August 14, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804964/birth-outcomes-of-children-fathered-by-men-treated-with-systemic-corticosteroids-during-the-conception-period-a-cohort-study-based-on-nationwide-data
#19
M D Larsen, S Friedman, B Magnussen, B M Nørgård
Information on the safety of paternal use of medications prior to the time of conception is limited, and there is little available evidence regarding possible adverse effects of paternal use of systemic corticosteroids (SCS). In this cohort study, based on nationwide data, we examined the association between paternal use of SCS prior to conception and adverse birth outcomes. The study includes data from all singletons born in Denmark from 1January 1997 through 2013 (N=1,013,994). Children fathered by men who redeemed a prescription of SCS within 3 months before conception (N=2,380) constituted the exposed groups...
August 14, 2017: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802911/childhood-maltreatment-and-high-dietary-fat-intake-behaviors-in-adulthood-a-birth-cohort-study
#20
Amanuel Alemu Abajobir, Steve Kisely, Gail Williams, Lane Strathearn, Jake Moses Najman
Childhood maltreatment has been associated with a wide range of chronic medical conditions including obesity, other metabolic events and eating disorders. However, little is known about the association between childhood maltreatment and high dietary fat intake. This study addresses the extent to which co-occurring and specific forms of substantiated childhood maltreatment are associated with self-reported high dietary fat intake in adulthood and whether there is a gender-childhood maltreatment interaction in predicting this association...
August 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
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