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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141587/video-feedback-promotes-relations-between-infants-and-vulnerable-first-time-mothers-a-quasi-experimental-study
#1
Ingeborg Hedegaard Kristensen, Marianne Simonsen, Tea Trillingsgaard, Hanne Kronborg
BACKGROUND: Supporting early mother-infant relationships to ensure infants' future health has been recommended. The aim of this study was to investigate whether video feedback using the Marte Meo method promotes a healthy early relationship between infants and vulnerable first-time mothers. Video feedback or usual care was delivered by health visitors during home visits in Danish municipalities. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included pre- and post-tests of 278 vulnerable families...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136026/operative-technique-at-caesarean-delivery-and-risk-of-complete-uterine-rupture-in-a-subsequent-trial-of-labour-at-term-a-registry-case-control-study
#2
Dorthe L A Thisted, Laust H Mortensen, Lone Hvidman, Lone Krebs
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the relation of single-layer closure at previous caesarean delivery, and other pre-labour and intra-partum risk factors for complete uterine rupture in trial of vaginal birth after a caesarean (TOLAC) at term. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based case-control study. We identified all women (n = 39 742) recorded in the Danish Medical Birth Registry (DMBR) during a 12-year period (1997-2008) with a singleton pregnancy at term and TOLAC. Among these, all women with a complete uterine rupture were identified (cases)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131330/shifting-patterns-in-cesarean-delivery-scheduling-and-timing-in-oregon-before-and-after-a-statewide-hard-stop-policy
#3
Ifeoma Muoto, Blair G Darney, Bernard Lau, Yvonne W Cheng, Mark W Tomlinson, Duncan R Neilson, Steven A Friedman, Joanne Rogovoy, Aaron B Caughey, Jonathan M Snowden
OBJECTIVES: To assess the use and timing of scheduled cesareans and other categories of cesarean delivery and the prevalence of neonatal morbidity among cesareans in Oregon before and after the implementation of Oregon's statewide policy limiting elective early deliveries. DATA SOURCES: Oregon vital statistics records, 2008-2013. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study, with multivariable logistic regression, regression controlling for time trends, and interrupted time series analyses, to compare the odds of different categories of cesarean delivery and the odds of neonatal morbidity pre- and postpolicy...
November 12, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130506/animal-models-of-acquired-epilepsy-insights-into-mechanisms-of-human-epileptogenesis
#4
Albert J Becker
In many patients who suffer from epilepsies, recurrent epileptic seizures do not start at birth but develop later in life. This holds particularly true for epilepsies with a focal seizure origin including focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) and temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). TLE most frequently has its seizure onset in the hippocampal formation. Hippocampal biopsies of pharmacoresistant TLE patients undergoing epilepsy surgery for seizure control most frequently reveal the damage pattern of hippocampal sclerosis, i...
November 12, 2017: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126795/providers-perspectives-of-barriers-experienced-in-maternal-health-care-among-marshallese-women
#5
Britni L Ayers, Nicola L Hawley, Rachel S Purvis, Sarah J Moore, Pearl A McElfish
PROBLEM: Pacific Islanders are disproportionately burdened by poorer maternal health outcomes with higher rates of pre-term births, low birth weight babies, infant mortality, and inadequate or no prenatal care. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was twofold: (1) to explore maternal health care providers' perceptions and experiences of barriers in providing care to Marshallese women, and (2) providers perceived barriers of access to care among Marshallese women. This is the first paper to explore perceived barriers to maternal health care among a Marshallese community from maternal health care providers' perspectives in the United States...
November 7, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126435/human-amnion-cells-reverse-acute-and-chronic-pulmonary-damage-in-experimental-neonatal-lung-injury
#6
Dandan Zhu, Jean Tan, Amina S Maleken, Ruth Muljadi, Siow T Chan, Sin N Lau, Kirstin Elgass, Bryan Leaw, Joanne Mockler, Daniel Chambers, Kristen T Leeman, Carla F Kim, Euan M Wallace, Rebecca Lim
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in neonatal care, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains a significant contributor to infant mortality and morbidity. While human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) have shown promise in small and large animal models of BPD, there is scarce information on long-term benefit and clinically relevant questions surrounding administration strategy remain unanswered. In assessing the therapeutic potential of hAECs, we investigated the impact of cell dosage, administration routes and timing of treatment in a pre-clinical model of BPD...
November 10, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120829/risk-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-the-breast-cancer-risk-model-study-of-guam-and-saipan
#7
Rachael T Leon Guerrero, Rachel Novotny, Lynne R Wilkens, Marie Chong, Kami K White, Yurii B Shvetsov, Arielle Buyum, Grazyna Badowski, Michelle Blas-Laguaña
BACKGROUND: Chamorro Pacific Islanders in the Mariana Islands have breast cancer incidence rates similar to, but mortality rates higher than, those of U.S. women. As breast cancer risk factors of women of the Mariana Islands may be unique because of ethnic and cultural differences, we studied established and suspected risk factors for breast cancer in this unstudied population. METHODS: From 2010-2013, we conducted retrospective case-control study of female breast cancer (104 cases and 185 controls) among women in the Mariana Islands...
October 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103210/insulin-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#8
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Luke Grzeskowiak, Kathryn Williamson, Michelle R Downie, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens...
November 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096641/acute-in-utero-exposure-to-lipopolysaccharide-induces-inflammation-in-the-pre-and-postnatal-brain-and-alters-the-glial-cytoarchitecture-in-the-developing-amygdala
#9
Elaine O'Loughlin, Janelle M P Pakan, Deniz Yilmazer-Hanke, Kieran W McDermott
BACKGROUND: Maternal immune activation (MIA) is a risk factor for neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and schizophrenia, as well as seizure development. The amygdala is a brain region involved in the regulation of emotions, and amygdalar maldevelopment due to infection-induced MIA may lead to amygdala-related disorders. MIA priming of glial cells during development has been linked to abnormalities seen in later life; however, little is known about its effects on amygdalar biochemical and cytoarchitecture integrity...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092053/mining-dna-methylation-alterations-towards-a-classification-of-placental-pathologies
#10
Samantha L Wilson, Katherine Leavey, Brian Cox, Wendy P Robinson
Placental health is a key component to a successful pregnancy. Placental insufficiency (PI), inadequate nutrient delivery to the fetus, is associated with preeclampsia (PE), a maternal hypertensive disorder, and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), pathologically poor fetal growth. PI is more common in early-onset PE (EOPE) than late-onset PE (LOPE). However, the relationship between these disorders remains unclear. While DNA methylation (DNAm) alterations have been identified in PE and IUGR, these entities can overlap and few studies have analyzed them separately...
October 30, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058762/planned-caesarean-section-versus-planned-vaginal-birth-for-severe-pre-eclampsia
#11
REVIEW
Melania Mr Amorim, Alex Sandro R Souza, Leila Katz
BACKGROUND: Pre-eclampsia is a very frequent complication of pregnancy, and anticipation of birth is often necessary. However, the best mode of giving birth remains to be established, although observational studies suggest better maternal and perinatal outcomes with vaginal birth. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a policy of planned caesarean section versus planned vaginal birth for women with severe pre-eclampsia on mortality and morbidity for mother and baby...
October 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045765/oral-anti-diabetic-agents-for-women-with-established-diabetes-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-previous-gestational-diabetes-planning-pregnancy-or-pregnant-women-with-pre-existing-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Suzette Coat, William Hague, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: While most guidance recommends the use of insulin in women whose pregnancies are affected by pre-existing diabetes, oral anti-diabetic agents may be more acceptable to women. The effects of these oral anti-diabetic agents on maternal and infant health outcomes need to be established in pregnant women with pre-existing diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance, as well as in women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus preconceptionally or during a subsequent pregnancy. This review is an update of a review that was first published in 2010...
October 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037105/the-role-of-female-obesity-on-in-vitro-fertilization-outcomes
#13
Miro Kasum, Slavko Orešković, Ermin Čehić, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović, Dragan Soldo
The aim of this review is to analyze the role of obesity on fertility outcome in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) with respect to clinical or live birth rates and pregnancy loss rates. Despite findings from several earlier and newer studies that obesity does not adversely affect pregnancy outcome in women attempting conception, numerous reports from mostly recent studies suggest that obesity undoubtedly impairs IVF outcomes. Obesity impairs ovarian responsiveness to gonadotrophin stimulation, requiring higher doses of medication, increased risk of cycle cancelation, pre-term delivery, low birth weight or miscarriage, and decreases implantation, clinical pregnancy or live birth rates compared to women of normal weight...
October 16, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031402/associations-between-maternal-long-chain-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-and-child-cognition-at-7-years-of-age-the-mefab-birth-cohort
#14
E M Brouwer-Brolsma, O van de Rest, R Godschalk, M P A Zeegers, M Gielen, R H M de Groot
INTRODUCTION: Concentrations of the fish fatty acids EPA and DHA are low among Dutch women of reproductive age. As the human brain incorporates high concentrations of these fatty acids in utero, particularly during third trimester of gestation, these low EPA and DHA concentrations may have adverse consequences for fetal brain development and functioning. METHODS: Analyses were conducted using longitudinal observational data of 292 mother-child pairs participating in the MEFAB cohort...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031398/polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-levels-at-birth-and-child-to-adult-growth-results-from-the-mefab-cohort
#15
N Stratakis, M Gielen, K Margetaki, R W Godschalk, I van der Wurff, S Rouschop, A Ibrahim, E Antoniou, L Chatzi, R H M de Groot, M P Zeegers
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) may influence childhood growth. However, available evidence mostly derived from short-term studies is inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether fetal PUFA exposure is associated with height and body mass index (BMI), a common measure of adiposity, from 6 months to 23 years of age. METHODS: In the MEFAB cohort, we assessed cord blood phospholipid n-3 and n-6 PUFA levels, reflecting fetal exposure in late pregnancy...
November 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031048/trends-in-perinatal-health-in-metropolitan-france-from-1995-to-2016-results-from-the-french-national-perinatal-surveys
#16
B Blondel, B Coulm, C Bonnet, F Goffinet, C Le Ray
OBJECTIVE: To study trends in the main indicators of perinatal health, medical practices and risk factors in France since 1995. POPULATION AND METHOD: All live births during one week in 1995 (n=13,318), 2003 (n=14,737), 2010 (n=14,903) and 2016 (n=13,384). Data were from interviews of women in postpartum wards and from medical records and were compared between years. RESULTS: Between 1995 and 2016, maternal age and body mass index increased steadily...
October 11, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030699/prematurity-and-biliary-atresia-a-30-year-observational-study
#17
Natalie Durkin, Maesha Deheragoda, Mark Davenport
AIM OF STUDY: The diagnosis of biliary atresia (BA) remains challenging and delay can lead to significant morbidity with time to surgery a key factor in determining outcome. Prematurity may impact on outcome potentially delaying diagnosis. We sought to assess whether the premature BA infants (PBA) have a delayed time to surgery and as such, worse outcomes? METHODS: Review of a single-centre prospectively maintained database. Prematurity was defined as delivery < 37/40 gestation...
October 13, 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026216/associations-of-maternal-and-cord-blood-adipokines-with-offspring-adiposity-in-project-viva-is-there-an-interaction-with-child-age
#18
L-J Li, S L Rifas-Shiman, I M Aris, J G Young, C Mantzoros, M-F Hivert, E Oken
OBJECTIVES: Higher leptin and lower adiponectin correlate with adult and childhood adiposity, but it is unclear how exposure to these adipokines during gestation relates to offspring growth. We aimed to investigate the relationships of maternal and cord adipokines with offspring adiposity across childhood to early adolescence, as well as interactions with child age. METHODS: In mother-child pairs in the Project Viva cohort, we measured adipokines in mothers at 2nd trimester (n=1106) and in cord blood at birth (n=657)...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020961/hazardous-waste-and-health-impact-a-systematic-review-of-the-scientific-literature
#19
REVIEW
L Fazzo, F Minichilli, M Santoro, A Ceccarini, M Della Seta, F Bianchi, P Comba, M Martuzzi
Waste is part of the agenda of the European Environment and Health Process and included among the topics of the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health. Disposal and management of hazardous waste are worldwide challenges. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the evidence of the health impact of hazardous waste exposure, applying transparent and a priori defined methods. The following five steps, based on pre-defined systematic criteria, were applied. 1. Specify the research question, in terms of "Population-Exposure-Comparators-Outcomes" (PECO)...
October 11, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017154/screening-performance-of-placental-growth-factor-for-the-prediction-of-low-birth-weight-and-adverse-intrapartum-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-a-term-low-risk-population
#20
Larissa N Bligh, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Fetuses who fail to reach their genetic growth potential are thought to have sub-optimal placental function. Low placental growth factor (PlGF) levels have been shown to be predictive of placentally mediated conditions, such as pre-eclampsia or fetal growth restriction. We investigated the screening performance of PlGF for the prediction of low birth weight (<10th centile for gestation) and adverse intrapartum and neonatal outcomes in apparently low-risk term pregnancies...
October 11, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
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