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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346268/long-term-recall-of-pregnancy-related-events
#1
Helen B Chin, Donna D Baird, D Robert McConnaughey, Clarice R Weinberg, Allen J Wilcox, Anne Marie Jukic
BACKGROUND: Early-life factors can be associated with future health outcomes and are often measured by maternal recall. METHODS: We used data from the North Carolina Early Pregnancy Study and Follow-up to characterize long-term maternal recall. We used data from the Early Pregnancy Study as the gold standard to evaluate the accuracy of pre-pregnancy weight, early pregnancy behaviors, symptoms and duration of pregnancy, and child's birthweight reported at follow-up, for 109 women whose study pregnancies had resulted in a live birth...
March 23, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343180/oxygen-saturation-trends-in-normal-healthy-term-newborns-normal-vaginal-delivery-vs-elective-cesarean-section
#2
Rashi Bhargava, Madhu Mathur, Jyoti Patodia
OBJECTIVES: To study the normal oxygen saturation trends and fetomaternal correlates in healthy term newborns within 30 min of life born by normal vaginal delivery (NVD) and elective cesarean section (CS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 200 healthy term newborns born by NVD and elective CS at a tertiary care centre. Routine care as per the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) 2015 (Wyckoff MH, Aziz K, Escobedo MB, Kapadia VS, Kattwinkel J, Perlman JM, et al...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343094/effects-of-posted-point-of-sale-warnings-on-alcohol-consumption-during-pregnancy-and-on-birth-outcomes
#3
Gulcan Cil
In 23 states and Washington D.C., alcohol retailers are required by law to post alcohol warning signs (AWS) that warn against the risks of drinking during pregnancy. Using the variation in the adoption of these laws across states and within states over time, I find a statistically significant reduction in prenatal alcohol use associated with AWS. I then use this plausibly exogenous change in drinking behavior to establish a causal link between prenatal alcohol exposure and birth outcomes. I find that AWS laws are associated with decreases in the odds of very low birth weight and very pre-term birth...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338584/spring-assisted-cranioplasty-for-the-correction-of-non-syndromic-scaphocephaly-a-quantitative-analysis-of-100-consecutive-cases
#4
W Rodgers, G E Glass, S Schievano, A Borghi, N Rodriguez-Florez, A Tahim, F Angullia, W Breakey, P Knoops, M Tenhagen, J O'Hara, A Ponniah, G James, D J Dunaway, Nuo Jeelani
BACKGROUND: Spring-assisted cranioplasty has been proposed as an alternative to total calvarial remodelling for sagittal craniosynostosis. Advantages include its minimally invasive nature, reduced morbidity and hospital stay. Potential drawbacks include the need for a second procedure for removal and the lack of published long-term follow-up. We present a single institution experience of 100 consecutive cases using a novel spring design. METHODS: All patients treated at our institution between April 2010 and September 2014 were evaluated retrospectively...
March 3, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333279/inhibition-of-pim1-kinase-attenuates-inflammation-induced-pro-labour-mediators-in-human-fetal-membranes-in-vitro
#5
Ratana Lim, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas
STUDY QUESTION: Does proviral integration site for Moloney murine leukemic virus (PIM)1 kinase play a role in regulating the inflammatory processes of human labour and delivery? SUMMARY ANSWER: PIM1 kinase plays a critical role in fetal membranes in regulating pro-inflammatory and pro-labour mediators. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Infection and inflammation have strong causal links to preterm delivery by stimulating pro-inflammatory cytokines and collagen degrading enzymes, which can lead to rupture of membranes...
March 9, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320796/effect-of-alcohol-consumption-and-psychosocial-stressors-on-preterm-and-small-for-gestational-age-births-in-hiv-infected-women-in-south-africa-a-cohort-study
#6
Ayesha Sania, Kirsty Brittain, Tamsin K Phillips, Allison Zerbe, Agnes Ronan, Landon Myer, Elaine J Abrams
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial stressors such as depression and stress, intimate partner violence (IPV) and alcohol use have been linked to preterm and small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births in general populations. The prevalence of psychosocial stressors and alcohol abuse is high in many HIV-infected (HIV+) populations. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of psychosocial stressors and alcohol abuse on birth outcomes in HIV-infected women. METHODS: Antenatal depression and non-specific psychological distress, periconception IPV and alcohol consumption were measured during the second trimester among HIV+ women initiating antiretroviral treatment with efavirenz + emtricitibine + tenofovir in Cape Town, South Africa...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315591/reference-ranges-and-impact-of-selected-confounders-on-classic-serum-and-urinary-renal-markers-in-neonatal-period
#7
Monika Miklaszewska, Przemysław Korohoda, Przemko Kwinta, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Tomasz Tomasik, Katarzyna Kiliś-Pstrusińska, Dorota Drożdż
PURPOSE: Renal injury in term and pre-term neonates may be an antecedent to chronic kidney disease in the child's further life. The aim of the paper was to compile a reference range for selected serum and urinary renal markers in the neonatal period for full-term (FT) and pre-term (PT) newborns. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The prospective study included 23 FT infants (birth weight - BW≥2500g and gestational age - GA≥37Hbd) and 32 PT children (BW<2500g and GA<37Hbd) in good general condition, without acute kidney injury (AKI) or sepsis...
March 15, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306521/reference-ranges-of-thromboelastometry-in-healthy-full-term-and-pre-term-neonates
#8
Rozeta Sokou, Leontini Foudoulaki-Paparizos, Theodore Lytras, Aikaterini Konstantinidi, Martha Theodoraki, Ioannis Lambadaridis, Antonis Gounaris, Serena Valsami, Marianna Politou, Argyri Gialeraki, Georgios K Nikolopoulos, Nicoletta Iacovidou, Stefanos Bonovas, Argirios E Tsantes
BACKGROUND: Rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) is an attractive method for rapid evaluation of hemostasis in neonates. Currently, no reference values exist for ROTEM assays in full-term and pre-term neonates. Our aim was to establish reference ranges for standard extrinsically activated ROTEM assay (EXTEM) in arterial blood samples of healthy full-term and pre-term neonates. METHODS: In the present study, EXTEM assay was performed in 198 full-term (≥37 weeks' gestation) and 84 pre-term infants (<37 weeks' gestation) using peripheral arterial whole blood samples...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301833/persistent-environmental-toxicants-in-breast-milk-and-rapid-infant-growth
#9
Rachel Criswell, Virissa Lenters, Siddhartha Mandal, Hein Stigum, Nina Iszatt, Merete Eggesbø
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Many environmental toxicants are passed to infants in utero and through breast milk. Exposure to toxicants during the perinatal period can alter growth patterns, impairing growth or increasing obesity risk. Previous studies have focused on only a few toxicants at a time, which may confound results. We investigated levels of 26 toxicants in breast milk and their associations with rapid infant growth, a risk factor for later obesity. METHODS: We used data from the Norwegian HUMIS study, a multi-center cohort of 2,606 mothers and newborns enrolled between 2002 and 2008...
March 17, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295155/antecedents-and-neuroimaging-patterns-in-cerebral-palsy-with-epilepsy-and-cognitive-impairment-a-population-based-study-in-children-born-at-term
#10
Kristina Ahlin, Bo Jacobsson, Staffan Nilsson, Kate Himmelmann
INTRODUCTION: Antecedents of accompanying impairments in cerebral palsy (CP) and their relation to neuroimaging patterns need to be explored. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A population-based study of 309 children with CP born at term in 1983-1994. Pre-, intra- and postpartum variables previously studied as antecedents of CP type and motor severity were analysed in children with CP and cognitive impairment and/or epilepsy, and in children with CP without these accompanying impairments...
March 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291591/the-inma-infancia-y-medio-ambiente-environment-and-childhood-project-more-than-10-years-contributing-to-environmental-and-neuropsychological-research
#11
REVIEW
Mireia Gascon, Mònica Guxens, Martine Vrijheid, Maties Torrent, Jesús Ibarluzea, Eduardo Fano, Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mariana F Fernández, Adonina Tardón, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer
BACKGROUND: In 2003 the INMA-INfancia y Medio Ambiente (Environment and Childhood) project, a Spanish national network of birth cohorts including more than 3500 participants, was set up with the aim to assess the health impacts of pre- and postnatal environmental exposures on children. The project has published more than 60 papers on maternal and environmental factors related to neuropsychological development in children, one of the main research interests within the project. With the present review, we evaluate the evidence provided by the INMA project on this topic and discuss how the data can contribute to cover the challenges that children's environmental health research will face in the coming years...
February 28, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286848/brain-ultrasonography-findings-in-neonatal-seizure-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Seyed Saeed Nabavi, Parinaz Partovi
INTRODUCTION: Screening of newborns with seizure, who have curable pathologic brain findings, might be able to improve their final outcome by accelerating treatment intervention. The present study aimed to evaluate the brain ultrasonography findings of newborns hospitalized with complaint of seizure. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study designed to evaluate brain ultrasonography findings of hospitalized newborns complaining seizure. Neonatal seizure was defined as presence of tonic, clonic, myoclonic, and subtle attacks in 1 - 28 day old newborns...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286810/epidemiology-and-related-risk-factors-of-preterm-labor-as-an-obstetrics-emergency
#13
Ali Asghar Halimi Asl, Saeed Safari, Mohsen Parvareshi Hamrah
INTRODUCTION: Preterm birth is still a major health problem throughout the world, which results in 75% of neonatal mortality. Preterm labor not only inflicts financial and emotional distress, it may also lead to permanent disability. The present study was conducted to determine the related risk factors and preventive measures of preterm labor. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study assessed all preterm labors, as well as an equal number of term labors, during seven years, at an educational hospital...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276165/distribution-of-invariant-natural-killer-t-cells-and-dendritic-cells-in-late-pre-term-birth-without-acute-chorioamnionitis
#14
Yasuyuki Negishi, Yoshio Shima, Toshiyuki Takeshita, Hidemi Takahashi
PROBLEM: Acute chorioamnionitis (aCAM) is an important cause of pre-term birth. However, little is known about the pathogenesis of late pre-term birth without aCAM that was the most common category of pre-term birth. Here we analyze the kinetics of immune cells obtained from the decidua of women with late pre-term births with and without aCAM. METHOD OF STUDY: Deciduas were obtained from women who underwent labor with late pre-term birth without aCAM (PB-n/aCAM) or with aCAM (PB-w/aCAM)...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270119/option-b-for-prevention-of-vertical-hiv-transmission-has-no-influence-on-adverse-birth-outcomes-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-in-western-uganda
#15
Eva M Rempis, Alexandra Schnack, Sarah Decker, Vera Braun, John Rubaihayo, Nazarius Mbona Tumwesigye, Priscilla Busingye, Gundel Harms, Stefanie Theuring
BACKGROUND: While most Sub-Saharan African countries are now implementing the WHO-recommended Option B+ protocol for prevention of vertical HIV transmission, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the influence of Option B+ exposure on adverse birth outcomes (ABOs). Against this background, we assessed ABOs among delivering women in Western Uganda. METHODS: A cross-sectional, observational study was performed within a cohort of 412 mother-newborn-pairs in Virika Hospital, Fort Portal in 2013...
March 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268486/identifying-stereotypic-evolving-micro-scale-seizures-sems-in-the-hypoxic-ischemic-eeg-of-the-pre-term-fetal-sheep-with-a-wavelet-type-ii-fuzzy-classifier
#16
Hamid Abbasi, Laura Bennet, Alistair J Gunn, Charles P Unsworth
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) around the time of birth due to lack of oxygen can lead to debilitating neurological conditions such as epilepsy and cerebral palsy. Experimental data have shown that brain injury evolves over time, but during the first 6-8 hours after HIE the brain has recovered oxidative metabolism in a latent phase, and brain injury is reversible. Treatments such as therapeutic cerebral hypothermia (brain cooling) are effective when started during the latent phase, and continued for several days...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267223/fundal-pressure-during-the-second-stage-of-labour
#17
REVIEW
G Justus Hofmeyr, Joshua P Vogel, Anna Cuthbert, Mandisa Singata
BACKGROUND: Fundal pressure during the second stage of labour (also known as the 'Kristeller manoeuvre') involves application of manual pressure to the uppermost part of the uterus directed towards the birth canal, in an attempt to assist spontaneous vaginal birth and avoid prolonged second stage or the need for operative birth. Fundal pressure has also been applied using an inflatable belt. Fundal pressure is widely used, however methods of its use vary widely. Despite strongly held opinions in favour of and against the use of fundal pressure, there is limited evidence regarding its maternal and neonatal benefits and harms...
March 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264679/reproductive-outcomes-after-non-occupational-exposure-to-hexavalent-chromium-willits-california-1983-2014
#18
Linda L Remy, Vera Byers, Ted Clay
BACKGROUND: From 1963-1995, a factory in Willits, Mendocino County, CA used toxic hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) without adequate measures to protect the population. We use longitudinal hospital data to compare reproductive outcomes for two generations in Willits and two generations in the Rest of County (ROC). This is the first study to quantify the reproductive impact of Cr(VI) in a non-occupational population. METHODS: We searched California hospital discharge data (1983-2014) to find Mendocino County residents born 1950 or later...
March 6, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256367/impact-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-on-maternal-and-fetal-outcomes-following-pregnancy-a-meta-analysis-of-studies-published-between-years-2001-2016
#19
REVIEW
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Mohammad Zafooruddin Sani Soogund, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Previous research has already shown systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) to have severe consequences on pregnancy outcomes. However, insufficient number of participants, which were mainly limited to one particular region, limited outcomes analyzed and lack of evidence based analysis to support systematic reviews of the literature were the limitations observed. Therefore, by improving these limitations, we aimed to systematically show the impact of SLE on maternal and fetal outcomes following pregnancy...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251633/outcome-of-pregnancy-in-women-diagnosed-with-idiopathic-polyhydramnios
#20
Sarwat Khan, Jennifer Donnelly
INTRODUCTION: Polyhydramnios is present in approximately 2% of pregnancies and it has been associated with a variety of adverse pregnancy outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between polyhydramnios and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: This was a retrospective case control study of 288 singleton pregnancies delivered in the Rotunda Hospital, Dublin, between 2013 and 2014. Polyhydramnios was defined as: (i) amniotic fluid index (AFI) ≥ 25 cm; (ii) maximal vertical pocket (MVP) of ≥8 cm; and (iii) a gestational age-specific threshold for AFI...
February 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
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