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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788184/adverse-effect-of-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-on-perinatal-factors
#1
Irini Zografaki, Dimitris Papamichail, Takis Panagiotopoulos
Background: Starting in 2008 recession affected many European countries and especially Greece. Previous studies have reported increases in low birth weight, preterm birth and stillbirth rates in Greece during early crisis. In our study we used data on births from 1980 to 2014 that allowed us to distinguish recent changes, which could possibly be attributed to the financial crisis, from long term trends, and controlled for maternal age and country of origin as potential confounders. Our study covered a longer period (up to 2014) than what has been studied before and looked separately at the effect of early and established crisis...
May 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782436/effectiveness-of-the-neonatal-discharge-program-for-very-low-birth-weight-infants-on-parental-efficacy-and-psychological-distress
#2
Lakshmi Shandra Bos, Shefaly Shorey, Tamill Salvee Kulantaipian, Jane S P Sng, Wilson W S Tam, Serena S L Koh
This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of a neonatal discharge program, (ii) identify relationships between parent and infant factors and parental efficacy and psychological distress, and (iii) identify ways to improve the neonatal discharge program. A quasiexperimental 1-group pretest/posttest design was used. Through consecutive sampling, 42 participants were recruited. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Self-administering instruments gathered data on parental efficacy and psychological distress as well as feedback and recommendations on the intervention...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779144/effect-of-pre-gravid-body-mass-index-on-outcomes-of-pregnancies-following-in-vitro-fertilization
#3
Miha Lucovnik, Isaac Blickstein, Tomislav Mirkovic, Ivan Verdenik, Katja Bricelj, Marijana Vidmar Simic, Natasa Tul, Andreja Trojner Bregar
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of pre-gravid body mass index (BMI) on perinatal outcomes in in vitro fertilization (IVF) singleton pregnancies. METHODS: Retrospective population-based cohort study. All singleton pregnancies delivered at ≥ 22 weeks' in Slovenia between 2002 and 2015 were included. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between BMI category and outcomes, controlling for potential confounding variables. Interaction term was included to evaluate whether effects of obesity on perinatal outcomes differ in IVF vs...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769490/comparison-of-outcome-of-eclamptic-patient-following-vaginal-delivery-versus-caeserian-delivery-by-spinal-anaesthesia
#4
M A Hossain, R K Karmoker, M S Rahman, H O Rashid, S H Khan, M A Rahman
Eclampsia is a common problem in pregnancy in Bangladesh. It is a severe form of preeclampsia which affects 5 to 7% of pregnancies is a significant cause of maternal & neonatal morbidity & mortality. Pre-eclampsia when complicated with generalized tonic-clonic convulsions and/or coma is called eclampsia. The term eclampsia is derived from a Greek word, meaning "like a flash of lightening". It may occur quite abruptly, without any warning manifestations. Eclampsia is a major cause of maternal mortality & morbidity as well as foetal loss worldwide, particularly in the third world...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763648/autism-spectrum-disorder-classification-diagnosis-and-therapy
#5
REVIEW
Samata R Sharma, Xenia Gonda, Frank I Tarazi
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a group of neurodevelopmental disorders including autism, Asperger's syndrome (AS) and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS). The new diagnostic criteria of ASD focuses on two core domains: social communication impairment and restricted interests/repetitive behaviors. The prevalence of ASD has been steadily increasing over the past two decades, with current estimates reaching up to 1 in 36 children. Hereditary factors, parental history of psychiatric disorders, pre-term births, and fetal exposure to psychotropic drugs or insecticides have all been linked to higher risk of ASD...
May 12, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762738/successful-treatment-of-suckling-red-angus-calves-for-bovine-respiratory-disease-is-not-associated-with-increased-mean-pulmonary-arterial-pressures-at-weaning
#6
J M Neary, D Church, N Reeves, R J Rathmann
The purposes of this study were to determine if the successful treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in suckling calves was associated with a long-term increase in mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) and, to screen for associations between blood leukogram variables and mPAP. A cohort of Red Angus calves (n = 74) were followed from birth to weaning at an altitude of 975 m. Calves were weaned at 172 ± 14 days when their mPAP was measured and whole blood collected. Thirty calves that had been treated for BRD (34 to 45 days prior) and 30 calves that had not required treatment for BRD were sampled...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753950/structure-of-the-lps-o-chain-from-fusobacterium-nucleatum-strain-mjr-7757-b
#7
Evgeny Vinogradov, Frank St Michael, Andrew D Cox
Fusobacterium nucleatum is an anaerobic bacterium found in the human mouth where it causes periodontitis. It was also found in colorectal cancer tissues and is linked with pregnancy complications, including pre-term and still births. Cell surface structures of the bacterium could be implicated in pathogenesis. Here we report the following structure of the lipopolysaccharide O-chain of F. nucleatum strain MJR 7757 B:where Lac is (R)-1-carboxyethyl (lactic acid residue); all monosaccharides are in the pyranose form...
April 25, 2018: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750675/maternal-pre-pregnancy-weight-status-and-adolescent-eating-disorder-behaviors-a-longitudinal-study-of-risk-pathways
#8
Nadia Micali, Rhian M Daniel, George B Ploubidis, Bianca L De Stavola
BACKGROUND: Maternal characteristics and childhood growth have been identified as risk factors for eating disorders. Most studies to date have been unable to investigate these factors prospectively while accounting for their interdependencies. We address this by investigating whether the association of maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (ppBMI) with adolescent eating disorder behaviors can be explained by childhood growth and/or a concurrent environmental pathway captured by maternal eating habits...
May 10, 2018: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747156/maternal-areola-ph-a-chemical-basis-for-mother-infant-recognition
#9
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Matteo Parotto, Lara Giliberti, Alphonse Simbi, Lorenzo Severino, Gianluca Straface
BACKGROUND: The human female's areolar region is the point of arrival of a natural progression from birth to breastfeeding continuum, supported by numerous functional features. AIMS: The aim of this study was to look more closely into the areola' skin chemical signals that are uniquely important for mother-infant chemoemission, chemoreception, and breastfeeding continuum. STUDY DESIGN: A dermatological study of the areolae and corresponding breast quadrants was undertaken on 71 healthy, at-term women...
May 7, 2018: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744644/an-epigenetic-association-of-malformations-adverse-reproductive-outcomes-and-fetal-origins
#10
Mark Lubinsky
VACTERL, the prototype for associated congenital anomalies, also has connections with functional issues such as pregnancy losses, prematurity, growth delays, perinatal difficulties, and parental subfertility. This segues into a broader association with similar connections even in the absence of malformations. DNA methylation disturbances in the ovum are a likely cause, with epigenetic links to individual components and to folate effects before conception, explaining diverse fetal and placental findings and providing a link to fetal origin hypothesis-related effects...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723880/factors-known-to-influence-the-development-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-to-modify-expression-and-activity-of-intestinal-alkaline-phosphatase-in-a-newborn-neonatal-rat-model
#11
Rebecca Maria Rentea, Matthea J Rentea, Ben Biesterveld, Jennifer L Liedel, David M Gourlay
INTRODUCTION:  Prematurity, formula feeding, and early weaning strongly influence enterocyte differentiation. Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP), an endogenous protein expressed in the intestines, is one enzyme that is affected by these factors. IAP supplementation decreases the severity of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) injury. We, therefore, hypothesized that prematurity predisposes this population to NEC due to IAP deficiency and investigated IAP expression and function in a neonatal rat model...
May 3, 2018: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722009/white-matter-properties-associated-with-pre-reading-skills-in-6-year-old-children-born-preterm-and-at-term
#12
Cory K Dodson, Katherine E Travis, Lauren R Borchers, Virginia A Marchman, Michal Ben-Shachar, Heidi M Feldman
AIM: To assess associations between white matter properties and pre-reading skills (phonological awareness and receptive and expressive language) in children born preterm and at term at the onset of reading acquisition. METHOD: Six-year-old children born preterm (n=36; gestational age 22-32wks) and at term (n=43) underwent diffusion magnetic resonance imaging and behavioural assessments. Tracts were selected a priori based on findings from a study of 6-year-old children born at term: the left-hemisphere arcuate fasciculus and superior longitudinal fasciculus, and right-hemisphere uncinate fasciculus...
May 3, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709520/ogg1-ser326cys-polymorphism-hiv-obesity-and-air-pollution-exposure-influences-adverse-birth-outcome-susceptibility-within-south-african-women
#13
Samantha M Anderson, Rajen N Naidoo, Prithiksha Ramkaran, Kareshma Asharam, Sheena Muttoo, Anil A Chuturgoon
The global HIV and obesity epidemics are major public health concerns; particularly as both are associated with increased risk of adverse birth outcomes. Despite extensive research, their combined effect, in terms of birth outcomes, has not been investigated. A single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) within 8-oxoguanine glycosylase 1 (OGG1) (Ser326Cys) has been suggested to affect body mass indices and therefore could predispose South African (SA) women to adverse effects of obesity. This study investigated the associations of OGG1 Ser326Cys SNP in relation to HIV and obesity on the susceptibility of low-birthweight (LBW) and pre-term birth (PTB) in SA women exposed to ambient air-pollution living in Durban...
April 27, 2018: Reproductive Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706293/long-term-impact-of-childhood-hepatitis-b-vaccination-programs-on-prevalence-among-aboriginal-and-non-aboriginal-women-giving-birth-in-western-australia
#14
J Reekie, J M Kaldor, D B Mak, J Ward, B Donovan, J S Hocking, D Preen, B Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the long-term effect of infant and childhood hepatitis B (HBV) vaccination programs among birthing women in Western Australia. METHODS: A cohort of Western Australian women born from 1974 to 1995 was created using Birth Registrations and Electoral Roll records. They were linked to a perinatal register and notifiable diseases register to identify women having respectively their first births between 2000 and 2012 and diagnoses of HBV infections...
April 26, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704394/identification-of-uterine-pacemaker-regions-at-the-myometrial-placental-interface-in-the-rat
#15
E Josiah Lutton, Wim J E P Lammers, Sean James, Hugo A van den Berg, Andrew M Blanks
Coordinated contraction of the uterine smooth muscle is essential to parturition. Histologically and physiologically defined pacemaker structures have not been identified in uterine smooth muscle. Here we report combined electrophysiological and histological evidence of zones associated with pacemaker activity in the rat myometrium (MPPZ = myometrial/placental pacemaking zone) Our method relies crucially on the integration of histological and electrophysiological data in an in silico 3-dimensional reconstruction of the rat myometrium at 10 micrometer resolution We find that MPPZs are closely related with placental sites and the area of disruptive myometrial remodelling surrounding such sites If analogues of the MPPZ are present in the human, defining their histology and physiology will be important steps towards treatment of pre-term birth, pre-eclampsia, and post-partum haemorrhage ABSTRACT: Coordinated uterine contractions are essential for delivering viable offspring in mammals...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698483/magnitude-and-determinants-of-inadequate-third-trimester-weight-gain-in-rural-bangladesh
#16
S M Tafsir Hasan, Sabuktagin Rahman, Lindsey Mina Locks, Mizanur Rahman, Samar Kumar Hore, Kazi Nazmus Saqeeb, Md Alfazal Khan, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to estimate the magnitude and determinants of inadequate weight gain in the third-trimester among rural women in Matlab, Bangladesh. METHODS: The study analyzed data on weight gain in the third trimester in 1,883 pregnant women in Matlab, Bangladesh. All these women were admitted to Matlab hospital of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) for childbirth during 2012-2014, and they had singleton live births at term...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692477/use-of-plan-do-study-act-cycles-to-decrease-incidence-of-neonatal-hypothermia-in-the-labor-room
#17
Subhash Chandra Shaw, Amit Devgan, Sushila Anila, Neha Anushree, Himadri Debnath
Background: Body temperature of a neonate continues to be under-documented, under-recognized, and under-managed, even though studies have shown that neonatal hypothermia increases mortality and morbidity. We aimed to reduce neonatal hypothermia (body temperature <36.5 °C) at 1 h following normal vaginal delivery in term and late preterm neonates in delivery room from 50% at baseline to less than 10% by 6 weeks. Methods: We implemented a quality improvement (QI) initiative using the rapid-cycle Plan-Do-Study-Act approach (PDSA) improvement model and the project was conducted from 15 Jan 2017 to 25 Feb 2017...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686950/neonatal-outcomes-following-delivery-in-water-evaluation-of-safety-in-a-district-general-hospital
#18
Phil J Peacock, Stanley T Zengeya, Lesley Cochrane, Maxine Sleath
Introduction Giving birth in water has increased in popularity over recent years, with potential benefits in terms of maternal comfort and decreased rates of instrumental delivery. Some concerns have been raised about possible adverse neonatal outcomes, including hypothermia and respiratory distress. There is not currently, however, a clear consensus in the literature. This study sought to assess the safety of delivering in water for low-risk vaginal deliveries in a District General Hospital in the United Kingdom...
February 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679628/long-and-short-term-outcomes-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm-among-south-asian-women-a-community-based-study
#19
REVIEW
B H Sudasinghe, C N Wijeyaratne, P S Ginige
AIMS: To quantify short and long-term outcomes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) among South Asians METHODS: Prospective cohort-study in Gampaha District, Sri Lanka following a community-prevalence study (WHO 1999 criteria). All women with GDM (exposed) and within sample non-GDM (non-exposed) were recruited. Data was gathered at selected intervals until one-year post-partum by interviewer-administered questionnaire, anthropometry, blood pressure, post-partum 75gOGTT and cholesterol...
April 18, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674389/reduction-in-tuberculosis-incidence-in-the-uk-from-2011-to-2015-a-population-based-study
#20
H Lucy Thomas, Ross J Harris, Morris C Muzyamba, Jennifer A Davidson, Maeve K Lalor, Colin N J Campbell, Sarah R Anderson, Dominik Zenner
BACKGROUND: Following nearly two decades of increasing tuberculosis in the UK, TB incidence decreased by 32% from 2011 to 2015. Explaining this reduction is crucial to informing ongoing TB control efforts. METHODS: We stratified TB cases notified in the UK and TB cases averted in the UK through pre-entry screening (PES) between 2011 and 2015 by country of birth and time since arrival. We used population estimates and migration data to establish denominators, and calculated incidence rate ratios (IRRs) between 2011 and 2015...
April 19, 2018: Thorax
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