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Esophageal small cell carcinoma

Daniel J Zaccarini, Xiaobing Deng, Jamie Tull, Charlene Maciak, Alfredo L Valente, Shengle Zhang
The characteristic immunoprofile for the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma, a neoplasm of unclear tissue origin, is expression of transducer-like enhancer of split 1 (TLE-1), CD99, partial expression of cytokeratin, and epithelial membrane antigen by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Diagnostic dilemma or misdiagnosis can occur due to overlap in IHC and morphology with carcinomas, and particularly poorly differentiated and metastatic tumors. The frequency of TLE-1 and CD99 expression in carcinomas by IHC has not been previously assessed...
October 7, 2016: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Łukasz Michalak, Magdalena Bulska, Katarzyna Kudłacz, Piotr Szcześniak
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, known also as 24p3 lipocalin, lipocalin-2 or uterocalin (in mouse), is a small secretory protein binding small molecular weight ligands which takes part in numerous processes including apoptosis induction in leukocytes, iron transport, smell, and prostaglandins and retinol transport [19]. It was discovered in activated neutrophils as a covalent peptide associated with human gelatinase neutrophils [7]. Neutrophil lipocalin is secreted physiologically in the digestive system, respiratory tract, renal tubular cells, liver or immunity system...
January 4, 2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
Xiang-Kui Fan, Rui-Hua Yan, Xiang-Qun Geng, Jing-Shan Li, Xiang-Ming Chen, Jian-Zhe Li
In the present study, to investigate the expression of PinX1 gene and its functional effects in human esophageal carcinoma (Eca)-109 cell line, expression vectors of human PinX1 (pEGFP-C3-PinX1) and its small interfering RNA (PinX1-FAM-siRNA) were constructed and transfected into Eca-109 cells using Lipofectamine 2000. Firstly, the mRNA expression level of PinX1 was examined using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Once successful transfection was achieved, the effects on the mRNA level of human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), telomerase activity, cell proliferation and apoptosis were examined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR, stretch PCR, MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
H H Chao, A T Berman, R Mick, C Ciunci, P E Gabriel, H Lin, S Both, C Langer, K Lelionis, R Rengan, K Prabhu, W F Hartsell, C B Simone, J P Plastaras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Lina Cheng, Fan Yang, Bingxi Zhou, Hui Yang, Yuan Yuan, Xiuling Li, Shuangyin Han
RAB23, a member of Ras-related small GTPase family, has been reported to be up-regulated in several cancer types. However, its biological functions and the underlying molecular mechanisms for its oncogenic roles in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remain unknown. In this study, we have shown that the expression of RAB23 was elevated in ESCC tissues and ESCC cells. Overexpression of RAB23 promoted the growth and migration of the ESCC cells, while knocking down the expression RAB23 inhibited the growth, migration and metastasis of the ESCC cells...
September 19, 2016: Gene
Kai Wu, Lingling Cui, Yang Yang, Jia Zhao, Dengyan Zhu, Donglei Liu, Chunyang Zhang, Yu Qi, Xiangnan Li, Weihao Li, Song Zhao
This study was aimed to investigate the functional roles of cytokine receptor (CXCR) CXCR2 and CXCR7 in esophageal cancer (EC). Specific small interfering RNAs (siRNA) against CXCR2 and CXCR7 were transfected into EC cell lines TE-1, EC9706, and EC109 cells. Expression of CXCR2 and CXCR7 was validated, along with cell viability, chemotaxis, apoptosis rate, and ERK1/2 pathways associated protein after transfection. Moreover, EC9706 cells treated with or without CXCR2/7 siRNA were injected into athymic nude mice...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
W Cao, W Wu, M Yan, F Tian, H S Liu, J W Wang, Q W Zhang, Y J Li, M Li
Objective: To study the intratumor heterogeneity of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Methods: We used whole-exome sequencing and array-based comparative genomic hybridization to profile mutations and changes in copy number from 11 regions within 2 cases of ESCC and from the metastatic lymph nodes. Results: The numbers of somatic single nuclear polymorphisms (SNPs) in 4 regions within the tumors in case 1 and case 2 were 93±17 and 124±28, respectively. The majority of SNPs were non synonymous mutations, synonymous mutations, nonsense mutations and splicing junction mutations...
September 23, 2016: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
Ying Liang, Kunlong Qiu, Bo Liao, Wen Zhu, Xuanlin Huang, Lin Li, Xiangtao Chen, Keqin Li
MOTIVATION: Many forms of variations exist in the human genome including single nucleotide polymorphism, small insert/deletion (DEL) (indel) and structural variation (SV). Somatically acquired SV may regulate the expression of tumor-related genes and result in cell proliferation and uncontrolled growth, eventually inducing tumor formation. Virus integration with host genome sequence is a type of SV that causes the related gene instability and normal cells to transform into tumor cells...
September 14, 2016: Bioinformatics
Qijue Lu, Li Xu, Chunguang Li, Yang Yuan, Shengdong Huang, Hezhong Chen
Previous studies verified that miR-214 is of great significance in the invasion and migration of a variety of cancers. It has been demonstrated that UDP-N-acetyl-α-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 7(GALNT7) is a putative target of miR-214. We performed this study to figure out how miR-214 and GALNT7 play their roles in the invasion and migration of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The expression of miR-214 was significantly downregulated in tumors compared to the corresponding non-tumor tissues while GALNT7 showed an opposite tendency...
September 12, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Nordio Laura, Vascellari Marta, Berto Giacomo, Bano Luca
A backyard laying hen exhibiting muscular atrophy, dyspnea, and absence of egg production was analyzed for diagnostic insights. Gross findings revealed the presence of a large ulcerated mass with irregular edges involving the caudal part of the oropharynx and the cranial part of the esophagus, occluding the lumen of the esophagus and compressing the trachea. Small nodular lesions were detected also in the lungs. Histologically, both esophageal and pulmonary masses were characterized by nests of pleomorphic epithelial cells with squamous differentiation...
September 2016: Avian Diseases
Arash Salmaninejad, Mohammad Reza Zamani, Mehrnaz Pourvahedi, Zahra Golchehre, Ali Hosseini Bereshneh, Nima Rezaei
UNLABELLED: Cancer/testis antigens (CTAs) are named based on their expression pattern that is restricted in a number of normal and abnormal tissues. Tumor cells frequently express antigens whose expression is typically restricted to germ cells. Their unique expression pattern is guaranteed by precise epigenetic regulatory mechanisms. Because of their tumor-limited, high immunogenicity, and biased expression, discovery of these molecules provides unprecedented opportunities for further research and clinical development in the field of cancer diagnosis and immunotherapy...
October 2016: Immunological Investigations
Yasunori Matsumoto, Masayuki Kano, Yasunori Akutsu, Naoyuki Hanari, Isamu Hoshino, Kentaro Murakami, Akihiro Usui, Hiroshi Suito, Masahiko Takahashi, Ryota Otsuka, Hu Xin, Aki Komatsu, Keiko Iida, Hisahiro Matsubara
Exosomes play important roles in cancer progression. Although its contents (e.g., proteins and microRNAs) have been focused on in cancer research, particularly as potential diagnostic markers, the exosome behavior and methods for exosome quantification remain unclear. In the present study, we analyzed the tumor-derived exosome behavior and assessed the quantification of exosomes in patient plasma as a biomarker for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A CD63-GFP expressing human ESCC cell line (TE2-CD63-GFP) was made by transfection, and mouse subcutaneous tumor models were established...
September 5, 2016: Oncology Reports
Ni Zhen, Qingyuan Yang, Kangdi Zheng, Zeping Han, Fenyong Sun, Wenjie Mei, Yongchun Yu
MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNAs with 18-22 nucleotides in length and have been proposed to function in various biological processes by targeting genes for post-transcriptional degradation via their 3' untranslated region. Moreover, they have been suggested to improve the chemosensitivity in a panel of tumors. However, the biological functions of microRNA-127-3p in esophageal carcinogenesis are still enigmatic. Thus, in the study, we firstly analyzed the roles of microRNA-127-3p in regulating the growth of esophageal cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo...
October 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Hongdian Zhang, Peng Tang, Xiaohui Miao, Yongyin Gao, Xiaobin Shang, Lei Gong, Zhao Ma, Mingjian Yang, Hongjing Jiang, Zhongli Zhan, Bin Meng, Zhentao Yu
This study aimed to investigate whether the inclusion of tumor size could improve the prognostic accuracy in patients with esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC). A total of 387 patients with ESCC who underwent curative resection were enrolled in this analysis. The patients were categorized into small-sized tumors (SSTs) and large-sized tumors (LSTs) using an appropriate cut-off point for tumor size. Kaplan-Meier survival curve and log-rank test were used to evaluate the prognostic value of tumor size. A Cox regression model was adopted for multivariate analysis...
August 13, 2016: Oncotarget
Li Jin, Jun Yi, Yanping Gao, Siqi Han, Zhenyue He, Longbang Chen, Haizhu Song
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is among the most aggressive malignancies and has a high incidence in China. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small endogenous RNAs that regulate multiple tumorigenic processes, including proliferation, invasion, metastasis and prognosis. Using miRNA expression profiling analysis, we found that miR-630 was markedly down-regulated in three ESCC tissue samples compared with that in paired normal esophageal tissues. Differential miR-630 expression was subsequently confirmed using quantitative real-time PCR...
September 2016: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Haiyan Yan, Kaishun Hu, Wenjing Wu, Yu Li, Huan Tian, Zhonghua Chu, H Phillip Koeffler, Dong Yin
Dual-specificity tyrosine-phosphorylation-regulated kinase 2 (DYRK2) is a member of dual-specificity kinase family, which could phosphorylate both Ser/Thr and Tyr substrates. The role of DYRK2 in human cancer remains controversial. For example, overexpression of DYRK2 predicts a better survival in human non-small cell lung cancer. In contrast, amplification of DYRK2 gene occurs in esophageal/lung adenocarcinoma, implying the role of DYRK2 as a potential oncogene. However, its clinical role in colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been explored...
2016: PloS One
Maryam Hemmatzadeh, Hamed Mohammadi, Mohammad Karimi, Mohammad Hossein Musavishenas, Behzad Baradaran
Esophageal cancer (EC) is the most invasive disease associated with inclusive poor prognosis. EC usually is found as either adenocarcinoma (EAC) or squamous cell carcinomas (ESCC). ESCC forms in squamous cells and highly occurs in the upper third of the esophagus. EAC appears in glandular cells and ordinarily develops in the lower one third of the esophagus near the stomach. Barrett's esophagus (BE) is a metaplastic precursor of EAC. There is a persistent need for improving our understanding of the molecular basis of this disease...
August 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Jung-Soo Pyo, Guhyun Kang, Jung Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the rates and prognostic roles of programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) immunohistochemical (IHC) expression in various malignant tumors through a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHOD: The current study included 16,176 patients from 97 eligible studies. We investigated PD-L1 expression and its correlation with survival rate in various malignant tumors. RESULTS: The estimated rate of PD-L1 IHC expression was 0...
July 27, 2016: International Journal of Biological Markers
Kenichi Omae, Takao Hiraki, Hideo Gobara, Toshihiro Iguchi, Hiroyasu Fujiwara, Yusuke Matsui, Shinichi Toyooka, Takeshi Nagasaka, Susumu Kanazawa
PURPOSE: To conduct a retrospective evaluation of long-term survival after radiofrequency (RF) ablation for lung oligometastases from 5 types of primary lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 123 patients with lung oligometastases from colorectal cancer (CRC), non-small-cell lung cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, esophageal cancer, and renal-cell carcinoma treated with RF ablation. Lung oligometastases were defined as 1-5 metastases confined to the lung while the primary cancer and other metastases were eradicated...
September 2016: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Marc Schwartz, Yu Zhang, Joseph D Rosenblatt
The balance between immune effector cells such as T cells and natural killer cells, and immunosuppressive Treg cells, dendritic, myeloid and monocytic sub-populations in the tumor microenvironment acts to calibrate the immune response to malignant cells. Accumulating evidence is pointing to a role for B cells in modulating the immune response to both solid tumors and hematologic cancer. Evidence from murine autoimmune models has defined B regulatory cell (Breg) subsets that express cytokines such as IL-10, TGF-β, and/or express immune regulatory ligands such as PD-L1, which can suppress T cell and/or natural killer cell responses...
2016: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
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