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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821081/direct-characterization-of-cotton-fabrics-treated-with-di-epoxide-by-nuclear-magnetic-resonance
#1
Min Xiao, Joronia Chéry, Ivan Keresztes, David B Zax, Margaret W Frey
A non-acid-based, di-functional epoxide, neopentyl glycol diglycidyl ether (NPGDGE), was used to modify cotton fabrics. Direct characterization of the modified cotton was conducted by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) without grinding the fabric into a fine powder. NaOH and MgBr2 were compared in catalyzing the reaction between the epoxide groups of NPGDGE and the hydroxyl groups of cellulose. Possible reaction routes were discussed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that while the MgBr2-catalyzed reaction resulted in self-polymerization of NPGDGE, the NaOH-catalyzed reaction did not...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820257/residues-comprising-the-enhanced-aromatic-sequon-influence-protein-n-glycosylation-efficiency
#2
Yen-Wen Huang, Hwai-I Yang, Ying-Ta Wu, Tsui-Ling Hsu, Tzu-Wen Lin, Jeffery W Kelly, Chi-Huey Wong
N-glycosylation is an important co- and/or post-translational modification that occurs on the vast majority of the 1/3 of the mammalian proteome that traverses the cellular secretory pathway, regulating glycoprotein folding and functions. Previous studies on the sequence requirements for N-glycosylation have yielded the Asn-X-Ser/Thr (NXS/T) sequon and the enhanced aromatic sequons (Phe-X-Asn-X-Thr and Phe-X-X-Asn-X-Thr) which can be efficiently N-glycosylated. To further investigate the influence of sequence variation on N-glycosylation efficiency in the context of a 5-residue enhanced aromatic sequon, we used the human CD2 adhesion domain (hCD2ad) to screen the i-2, i-1, i+1 and i+2 residues flanking Asn at the i position...
August 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811692/experimental-validation-of-antidiabetic-and-antioxidant-potential-of-cassia-tora-l-an-indigenous-medicinal-plant
#3
Vishnu Kumar, Ranjana Singh, Farzana Mahdi, Abbas Ali Mahdi, Raj Kumar Singh
The present study was undertaken to evaluate antidiabetic and antioxidant activities of Cassia tora (C. tora) seeds extract against streptozotocin induced diabetes in experimental rats to scientifically validate its use against diabetes. Ethanolic extract of C. tora seeds extract and standard drug (glibenclamide) prepared in aqueous gum acacia (2 %, w/v) suspension and fed orally to streptozotocin induced male adult diabetic rats of Charles Foster strain for 15 days. Biochemical parameters in normal, diabetic control, standard (600 μg/kg bw p...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804567/the-characteristics-of-astrocyte-on-a%C3%AE-clearance-altered-in-alzheimer-s-disease-were-reversed-by-anti-inflammatory-agent-2-1-hydroxyl-4-oxocyclohexyl-ethyl-caffeate
#4
Sanjaya Kuruppu, Niwanthi W Rajapakse, Helena C Parkington, A Ian Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792762/the-atmospherically-important-reaction-of-hydroxyl-radicals-with-methyl-nitrate-a-theoretical-study-involving-the-calculation-of-reaction-mechanisms-enthalpies-activation-energies-and-rate-coefficients
#5
Maggie Ng, Daniel K W Mok, Edmond P F Lee, John M Dyke
A theoretical study, involving the calculation of reaction enthalpies and activation energies, mechanisms and rate coefficients, has been made of the reaction of hydroxyl radicals with methyl nitrate, an important process for methyl nitrate removal in the earth's atmosphere. Four reaction channels were considered:- formation of H2O + CH2ONO2, CH3OOH + NO2, CH3OH + NO3, and CH3O + HNO3 . For all channels, geometry optimization and frequency calculations were carried out at the M06-2X/6-31+G** level, while relative energies were improved at the UCCSD(T*)-F12/CBS level...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790174/multiple-dna-binding-modes-for-the-ets-family-transcription-factor-pu-1
#6
Shingo Esaki, Marina G Evich, Noa Erlitzki, Markus W Germann, Gregory M K Poon
The eponymous DNA-binding domain of ETS (E26 transformation specific) transcription factors binds a single sequence-specific site as a monomer over a single helical turn. Following our previous observation by titration calorimetry that the ETS member PU.1 dimerizes sequentially at a single sequence-specific DNA binding site to form a 2:1 complex, we have carried out an extensive spectroscopic and biochemical characterization of site-specific PU.1 ETS complexes. While 10 bp of DNA was sufficient to support PU...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790167/chemoprotective-effects-of-butanol-fraction-of-buchholzia-coriacea-capparidaceae-against-type-2-diabetes-and-oxidative-stress-in-male-wistar-rats
#7
Amanda Chikaosolu Okolie, Oluwafemi Ezekiel Kale, Odutola Osilesi
Recent studies have shown that Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in rats can result through a synergy that link obesity to insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction. This present study achieved T2D via high fructose (20%(w/v), p.o.), streptozotocin single dose (40 mg/kg, i.p.) (HFSTZ) in rats. Also, chemoprotective potential of butanol fraction of buchholzia coriacea (BFBC) was demonstrated. Control normal and diabetic untreated (HFSTZ-induced T2D) rats received carboxymethyl cellulose (1 mg/kg, p.o.). Diabetic rats received intragastric BFBC (20, 200, 400 mg/kg), glibenclamide (0...
August 8, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783014/pilot-scale-treatment-of-atrazine-production-wastewater-by-uv-o3-ultrasound-factor-effects-and-system-optimization
#8
Liang Jing, Bing Chen, Diya Wen, Jisi Zheng, Baiyu Zhang
This study shed light on removing atrazine from pesticide production wastewater using a pilot-scale UV/O3/ultrasound flow-through system. A significant quadratic polynomial prediction model with an adjusted R(2) of 0.90 was obtained from central composite design with response surface methodology. The optimal atrazine removal rate (97.68%) was obtained at the conditions of 75 W UV power, 10.75 g h(-1) O3 flow rate and 142.5 W ultrasound power. A Monte Carlo simulation aided artificial neural networks model was further developed to quantify the importance of O3 flow rate (40%), UV power (30%) and ultrasound power (30%)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772998/in-situ-imaging-during-compression-of-plastic-bonded-explosives-for-damage-modeling
#9
Virginia W Manner, John D Yeager, Brian M Patterson, David J Walters, Jamie A Stull, Nikolaus L Cordes, Darby J Luscher, Kevin C Henderson, Andrew M Schmalzer, Bryce C Tappan
The microstructure of plastic bonded explosives (PBXs) is known to influence behavior during mechanical deformation, but characterizing the microstructure can be challenging. For example, the explosive crystals and binder in formulations such as PBX 9501 do not have sufficient X-ray contrast to obtain three-dimensional data by in situ, absorption contrast imaging. To address this difficulty, we have formulated a series of PBXs using octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine (HMX) crystals and low-density binder systems...
June 10, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762738/enzyme-mediated-directional-transport-of-a-small-molecule-walker-with-chemically-identical-feet
#10
Christopher J Martin, Alan T L Lee, Ralph W Adams, David A Leigh
We describe a small-molecule "walker" that uses enzyme catalysis to discriminate between the relative positions of its "feet" on a track and thereby move with net directionality. The bipedal walker has identical carboxylic acid feet, and "steps" along an isotactic hydroxyl-group-derivatized polyether track by the formation/breakage of ester linkages. Lipase AS catalyzes the selective hydrolysis of the rear foot of macrocyclized walkers (an information ratchet mechanism), the rear foot producing an (R)-stereocenter at its point of attachment to the track...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744683/sources-and-toxicities-of-phenolic-polychlorinated-biphenyls-oh-pcbs
#11
Kiran Dhakal, Gopi S Gadupudi, Hans-Joachim Lehmler, Gabriele Ludewig, Michael W Duffel, Larry W Robertson
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), a group of 209 congeners that differ in the number and position of chlorines on the biphenyl ring, are anthropogenic chemicals that belong to the persistent organic pollutants (POPs). For many years, PCBs have been a topic of interest because of their biomagnification in the food chain and their environmental persistence. PCBs with fewer chlorine atoms, however, are less persistent and more susceptible to metabolic attack, giving rise to chemicals characterized by the addition of one or more hydroxyl groups to the chlorinated biphenyl skeleton, collectively known as hydroxylated PCBs (OH-PCBs)...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741109/multi-analyte-method-development-for-analysis-of-brominated-flame-retardants-bfrs-and-pbde-metabolites-in-human-serum
#12
Dasheng Lu, Yu'e Jin, Chao Feng, Dongli Wang, Yuanjie Lin, Xinlei Qiu, Qian Xu, Yimin Wen, Jianwen She, Guoquan Wang, Zhijun Zhou
Commonly, analytical methods measuring brominated flame retardants (BFRs) of different chemical polarities in human serum are labor consuming and tedious. Our study used acidified diatomaceous earth as solid-phase extraction (SPE) adsorbent and defatting material to simultaneously determine the most abundant BFRs and their metabolites with different polarities in human serum samples. The analytes include three types of commercial BFRs, tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) isomers, and polybrominated biphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and dominant hydroxylated BDE (OH-PBDE) and methoxylated BDE (MeO-PBDE) metabolites of PBDEs...
July 24, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736723/synthesis-and-characterization-of-bacterial-cellulose-and-gelatin-based-hydrogel-composites-for-drug-delivery-systems
#13
W Treesuppharat, P Rojanapanthu, C Siangsanoh, H Manuspiya, S Ummartyotin
Bacterial cellulose and gelatin were successfully used to develop a hydrogel composite material. Hydrogel was synthesized by copolymerization between bacterial cellulose and gelatin. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed that the bacterial cellulose chain was uniform in size and shape. Glutaraldehyde was employed as a crosslinking agent. H-bonds were formed via the reaction between the amine and hydroxyl groups, which were the functional groups of the gelatin and bacterial cellulose, respectively...
September 2017: Biotechnology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731426/ultrahigh-electrical-and-thermal-conductive-hydroxylated-graphene-based-flexible-carbon-film
#14
Jiheng Ding, Obaid Ur Rahman, Hongran Zhao, Wanjun Peng, Huimin Dou, Hao Chen, Haibin Yu
Graphene based films are widely used in the electronics industry. Present work report surface hydroxylated graphene sheets (HGS) from natural graphite by a rapid and efficient molten hydroxide-assisted exfoliated technique. This method enable preparation of a flexible carbon film from exfoliated graphene with extraodinary production yield (~100%), high electrical (11.5×104 S. m-1) and thermal conductivity (1842 W m-1K -1) withbetter dispersion concentration (~10.0 mg mL-1). As a result, this method is expected to applied for the preparation of large-scale, high-quality and low-cost electrical and thermal conductive graphene based material...
July 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730359/improving-cu-ii-sorption-by-biochar-via-pyrolyzation-under-co2-the-importance-of-inherent-inorganic-species
#15
Ran Wen, Bo Yuan, Yang Wang, Weimin Cao, Yuan Liu, Yi Jia, Qiang Liu
Biochar from Spartina alterniflora (SA) and rice straw (RS) under N2/CO2 were evaluated for Cu(II) removal from aqueous solution. The result indicates SA biochar prepared at 700 °C under CO2 can achieve a Cu(II) sorption capacity of 89.12 ± 2.77 mg/g, which is higher than that from N2 by about 50%. CO2 can promote the development of multi-porous structure, enhance specific surface area, and increase the amounts of hydroxyl and carboxyl groups on biochar. In addition, CO2 can inhibit the thermal decomposition of inorganic carbonate, such as MgCO3 and CaCO3 in biochar...
July 20, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712268/the-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-properties-of-1-2-decanediol-and-willow-bark-extract-in-lipopolysaccharide-stimulated-keratinocytes
#16
Roberta DI Caprio, Giuseppe Monfrecola, Anna Balato, Nicola Balato, Franco Gasparri, Raffaella Micillo, Serena Lembo
BACKGROUND: The 1,2-decanediol (S-Mal) is an organic compound belonging to the 1,2- alkanediol family, with two hydroxyl groups located on the first and second carbon of the alkane chain, probably responsible for the enhanced anti-bacterial efficacy. The willow bark total extract (W-Mal) has been used since thousands of years as an herbal remedy for its antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial activities. S-Mal is used in cosmetic preparations, whether W- Mal can be topically or systemically administered...
July 13, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710634/obtaining-of-11%C3%AE-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3-17-dione-from-natural-sterols
#17
Dmitry Dovbnya, Sergey Khomutov, Vyacheslav Kollerov, Marina V Donova
Two-step one-pot microbial transformation enables obtaining of valuable steroids that are difficult to produce chemically. Here we describe a method for obtaining 11α-hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione (11α-HAD) from cheap and available natural sterols (phytosterols or cholesterol).11α-HAD is a primary adrenal steroid in mammals and also a key precursor in the syntheses of halogenated corticoids. Conventional routes for its obtaining are based on chemical synthesis, or microbial hydroxylation of androst-4-ene-3,17-dione (AD)...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690684/4-fluoroprolines-conformational-analysis-and-effects-on-the-stability-and-folding-of-peptides-and-proteins
#18
Robert W Newberry, Ronald T Raines
Proline is unique among proteinogenic amino acids because a pyrrolidine ring links its amino group to its side chain. This heterocycle constrains the conformations of the main chain and thus templates particular secondary structures. Proline residues undergo post-translational modification at the 4-position to yield 4-hydroxyproline, which is especially prevalent in collagen. Interest in characterizing the effects of this modification led to the use of 4-fluoroprolines to enhance inductive properties relative to the hydroxyl group of 4-hydroxyproline and to eliminate contributions from hydrogen bonding...
2017: Topics in Heterocyclic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673998/insight-into-the-mechanism-of-nonenzymatic-rna-primer-extension-from-the-structure-of-an-rna-gpppg-complex
#19
Wen Zhang, Chun Pong Tam, Travis Walton, Albert C Fahrenbach, Gabriel Birrane, Jack W Szostak
The nonenzymatic copying of RNA templates with imidazole-activated nucleotides is a well-studied model for the emergence of RNA self-replication during the origin of life. We have recently discovered that this reaction can proceed through the formation of an imidazolium-bridged dinucleotide intermediate that reacts rapidly with the primer. To gain insight into the relationship between the structure of this intermediate and its reactivity, we cocrystallized an RNA primer-template complex with a close analog of the intermediate, the triphosphate-bridged guanosine dinucleotide GpppG, and solved a high-resolution X-ray structure of the complex...
July 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659518/the-decolorization-and-mineralization-of-orange-ii-by-microwave-assisted-ball-milling
#20
Zan Zhou, Ding Chen
This study proposed an integrated technique of reduction coupled with an oxidation process in order to acquire simultaneously both decolorization and mineralization of orange II under the condition of microwave-assisted milling. Experimental variables of initial dye concentration, iron dosage, microwave power, solution pH and initial H2O2 concentration were systematically studied. Under the optimal operational parameters (100 mg/L aqueous solution of pH 3 containing 400 mg/L H2O2 while controlling microwave power at 400 W), the results showed that the decolorization efficiency is up to 91% after reaction for 2 min and the total organic carbon removal efficiencies were 72...
June 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
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