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Laser in pediatric dentistry

Masoumeh Moslemi, Faezeh Fotouhi Ardakani, Fatemeh Javadi, Zahra Khalili Sadrabad, Zahra Shadkar, Mohammad Saeid Shadkar
Aim and Background. Recently, new restorative materials such as self-adhesive flowable composites, because of their simple use and no need to bonding and etching, are considered important, particularly in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on microshear bond strength of self-adhesive flowable composite on permanent teeth dentin in vitro. Material and Methods. In this experimental study, 40 dentin sections were prepared from healthy third molars and divided into two groups according to their surface preparation by Er,Cr:YSGG laser or without laser, only with silicon carbide paper...
2016: Scientifica
J C Abou Chedid, N Mchayleh, I Khalil, B Melki, L S Hardan
Pulpotomy is the most performed and controversial therapeutic in pediatric dentistry. Formocresol is known to have a toxic effect on living tissues, a mutagenic and carcinogenic potential with a systemic uptake of formocresol via pulpotomized teeth, other alternative products have been investigated. 40 molars were pulpotomized using Micro Mega Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MM-MTA), which eliminates the need for the use of formocresol. The effects of this material were evaluated both clinically and radiographically...
December 2015: Odonto-stomatologie Tropicale, Tropical Dental Journal
Bahareh Nazemisalman, Mahya Farsadeghi, Mehdi Sokhansanj
Laser technology has been recently introduced into the dental field with the idea to replace drilling. Having a less painful first dental experience by the use of modern instruments like laser can be an efficient preventive and therapeutic strategy in pediatric dentistry. Pedodontists need to learn the new less invasive technologies and adopt them in their routine practice. This study aimed to review the available types of lasers and their applications in pediatric dentistry. An electronic search was carried out in IranMedex, InterScience, Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, ProQuest, Medline and Google Scholar databases to find relevant articles published from 2000 to 2014...
2015: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
G S Prathima, Dinesh Bhadrashetty, S B Umesh Babu, P Disha
Treating infants and young children is a rewarding experience, especially when we guide parents and children down the path of prevention and interception of oral disease. The pediatric dentist has to be updated about the new technologies to treating patients along with basic principles. This article gives a brief discussion on the types, applications, advantages, and limitations of the use of lasers in pediatric dentistry.
September 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
R Verma, D S Sharma, A K Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Management of abscessed primary teeth often present endodontic failure owing to questioned efficiency of dressings or obturating pastes to eliminate Enterococcus faecalis, a resistant bacterium, residing in depth of dentinal tubules. The present study evaluates the antimicrobial efficacy of two antibacterial and two obturating pastes in dentinal tubules of primary teeth infected with Enterococcus faecalis using viability stain and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM)...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sara Ghadimi, Nasim Chiniforush, Mahsa Najafi, Sepideh Amiri
INTRODUCTION: Epulis granulomatosa is a lesion which grows from an extraction socket. It can be misdiagnosed with lesions of the same clinical appearance such as: foreign body or pyogenic granuloma, or as a herniation of the maxillary sinus. The most common treatment is surgical excision. CASE REPORT: The present article reports an Epulis granulomatosa which was removed with diode laser (810 nm) due to child's fear related to traditional surgical instruments and bleeding...
2015: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Galia Zhegova, Maya Rashkova, Jean-Paul Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining deciduous teeth as long as possible represents a goal in pediatric dentistry and avoids a plethora of health problems. Er:YAG carious decay treatment may help for prevention as well as during the curative processes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An Er:YAG laser was used to ablate 30 carious lesions on primary teeth. Diagnosis being conventionally dressed, treatment was conducted in respect of the following parameters: Er:YAG laser (Lite Touch, Syneron): output power from 300 mJ (enamel) to 200 mJ (dentine), frequency 20 Hz, sapphire tip (diameter 1...
December 27, 2014: Laser Therapy
Priscila Stona, Elizabete da Silva Viana, Leandro Dos Santos Pires, João Batista Blessmann Weber, Paulo Floriani Kramer
Recurrent labial herpes simplex is a pathology of viral origin that is frequently observed in children. The signs and symptoms are uncomfortable and, in many cases, the efficacy of treatment is unproven. However, several studies have demonstrated good results from the use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), primarily due to acceleration of the healing process and pain relief, which make it a promising resource for use with this pathology. This paper describes a clinical case of a 7-year-old patient affected by this pathology and the therapeutic resolution proposed...
May 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Milos Beloica, Zoran R Vulićević, Zoran Mandinić, Ivana Radović, Olivera Jovicić, Momir Carević, Jasmina Tekić
Goal of contemporary dentistry is to decrease the patient's discomfort during treatment. Dentists aim to achieve maximum with the newly developed dental materials as well as with new cavity preparation techniques in the shortest time span. Since the development of the first constructed borer (drilling machine) for caries removal, the preparation techniques have considerably changed. The progress of dental materials as well as the cavity preparation techniques has led us to contemporary carbide tungsten and diamond borers that are used with obligatory water cooling...
May 2014: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Ahmet Ferhat Misir, Levent Demiriz, Figen Barut
Oral squamous papilloma is a benign proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium, which results in a papillary or verrucous exophytic mass induced by human papilloma virus (HPV). These oral mucosa lesions are most often asymptomatic and have small progression. Laser assisted surgery is common nowadays with several advantages including successful hemostasis, devoid of sutures, wound sterilization and minimal post-operative pain and edema. The aim of this report is to present the oral squamous papilloma in a pediatric patient and its treatment with soft tissue laser...
October 2013: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Valerie V Gordan, Joseph L Riley, Ricardo Marins De Carvalho, John Snyder, James L Sanderson, Mary Anderson, Gregg H Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify the methods that dentists in The Dental Practice-based Research Network (DPBRN) use to diagnose dental caries; (2) quantify their frequency of use, and (3) test the hypothesis that certain dentist and dental practice characteristics are significantly associated with their use. METHODS: A questionnaire about methods used for caries diagnosis was sent to DPBRN dentists who reported doing some restorative dentistry; 522 dentists participated...
April 2013: Texas Dental Journal
M Ghandehari, G Mighani, S Shahabi, N Chiniforush, Z Shirmohammadi
OBJECTIVE: One of the main criteria in evaluating the restorative materials is the degree of microleakage. The aim of this study was to compare the microleakage of glass ionomer restored cavities prepared by Er:YAG laser or turbine and bur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty extracted caries-free deciduous posterior teeth were selected for this study. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups for cavity preparation. Cavities in group one were prepared by high speed turbine and bur...
2012: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Mariya R Bohari, Yusuf K Chunawalla, Bijle Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed
AIM: To evaluate four different techniques of caries excavation in primary teeth in terms of efficacy, efficiency and pain experienced during the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample of 120 teeth from children aged 5 to 9 years were equally divided into 4 groups - Air rotor (group A), Carisolv (group B), Papacarie (group C) and Er:YAG laser (group D). Visual and tactile criteria along with DIAGNOdent pen value was used to evaluate efficacy. Time was recorded to determine efficiency and FLACC scale was used to assess the pain experienced...
January 2012: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Chung Wei Wu, Yu-Hsun Kao, Chao-Ming Chen, Han Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Chen, I-Yueh Huang
Mucoceles are quite common in the oral cavity, but reports on pediatric patients are very rare. The aims of this study were to present our data and experience in the treatment of mucoceles of the oral cavity in pediatric patients, to compare them with those of other countries, and to remind the pediatric physician to devote much attention to lesions of the oral cavity in children. This retrospective study is based on the record of the patients who received surgical treatment for mucoceles of the oral cavity with pathologic confirmation at the Department of Dentistry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Taiwan, between 2000 and 2004...
July 2011: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
V V Gordan, J L Riley, R M Carvalho, J Snyder, J L Sanderson, M Anderson, G H Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify the methods that dentists in The Dental Practice-Based Research Network (DPBRN) use to diagnose dental caries; (2) quantify their frequency of use and (3) test the hypothesis that certain dentist and dental practice characteristics are significantly associated with their use. METHODS: A questionnaire about methods used for caries diagnosis was sent to DPBRN dentists who reported doing some restorative dentistry; 522 dentists participated...
January 2011: Operative Dentistry
U M Das, S T Prashanth
In Pediatric Dentistry, the use of pit and fissure sealant is one of the essential forms of prevention. Pit and fissure caries may be substantially decreased by obliteration of these developmental defects in occlusal, buccal and lingual surfaces with resin based dental sealants. Visible light-curing units, or LCUs, are an integral part of modern adhesive dentistry" They are used to cure resin based composite restoration materials, resin modified glass-ionomer and pit and fissure sealants, as well as to bond orthodontic teeth...
July 2009: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
A C V Mello-Moura, G A V C Bonini, S S Suga, R S Navarro, M T Wanderley
Traumatic lesions in primary teeth are frequent in pediatric patients and can cause problems both to the deciduous tooth and permanent successor. The impact strength on deciduous tooth can reach the growing permanent tooth, affecting its morphology, structure and position, or even hampering its proper development. This report describes an aesthetic-functional rehabilitation process in an 8 year 10 month old boy during a multidisciplinary treatment held at the Clinical Center of Dental Trauma in Primary Teeth of the Pediatric Dentistry of Dental College of University of São Paulo, Brazil...
April 2009: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Juan R Boj, Clervie Poirier, Enrique Espasa, Miguel Hernandez, Antonio Espanya
Mucoceles are benign lesions of the minor salivary glands that are common in children. The most frequent localizations of these lesions include the lower lip and the cheek mucosa. Such mucoceles are caused by traumas, the rubbing of orthodontic devices, or biting habits. The purpose of this article was to describe the case of a 4-mm extravasation mucocele located on the lower lip of a 9-year-old girl. This mucocele was removed with an erbium loser after perilesional infiltration with 12 mg of 2% lidocaine and epinephrine 1:100,000...
May 2009: Pediatric Dentistry
G Olivi, M D Genovese, C Caprioglio
The goal of paediatric dentistry is to provide preventive education to parents and patients as well as interception and therapy of dental diseases in a minimally invasive way using a stress-free approach. Different laser wavelengths are used for different applications following these minimally invasive concepts: argon, KTP, diode, Nd:YAG, and CO2 lasers are used for soft tissue applications and the erbium family is used for both soft and hard tissue procedures. This paper offers a revision and a discussion of the international literature, showing also some clinical procedures...
March 2009: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Flavio M Soares, Edward J Tarver, Enrique Bimstein, Luciana M Shaddox, Indraneel Bhattacharyya
The present manuscript reports a case of a 21/2 year old girl, diagnosed with arthrogryposis, presenting increasing gingival hyperplasia which was treated with Er,Cr:YSGG Laser. The patient was treated under general anesthesia by the Pediatric Dentistry and Periodontics departments. Er,Cr:YSGG laser G6 tip was used at 1.50 watts, 20 pps, 8% water and 11% air, which is recommended by the manufacturer. Scalpel and periodontal curettes were used to complement the laser. Tissue samples from the anterior maxilla, anterior mandible and palatal sites were formalin-fixed and submitted for evaluation...
January 2009: Pediatric Dentistry
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