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Laser in pediatric dentistry

Vo Truong Nhu Ngoc, Trinh Do Van Nga, Dinh-Toi Chu, Le Quynh Anh
Hemophilia-a bleeding disorder due to the lack of clotting factors-is mostly induced by genetic factors. Its most common type is hemophilia A. Hemorrhage in hemophilia A may occur in several different sites of the body, including those inside the oral cavity, such as mucous membrane and gum. However, only a few studies and case reports on dental issues of hemophilia A patients have been conducted. In clinical dentistry, treatment procedures are invasive, possibly leading to more severe bleeding, especially in hemophilia A cases...
May 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
(no author information available yet)
PURPOSE: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of vital pulp therapies for treatment of deep caries lesions in children. A guideline panel convened by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry formulated evidence-based recommendations on three vital pulp therapies: indirect pulp treatment (IPT; also known as indirect pulp cap), direct pulp cap (DPC), and pulpotomy. METHODS: The basis of the guideline's recommendations was evidence from "Primary Tooth Vital Pulp Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
Beheshteh Malekafzali, Mohammad Asnaashari, Fateme Javadi
Background and Objectives: Adhesive restorations have become highly popular in pediatric dentistry, and novel methods of cavity preparation with minimal patient discomfort including Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser preparations have greatly advanced. This study aimed to compare the microleakage of composite restorations of class V cavities prepared in primary canine teeth with high-speed bur and Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers. Materials and Methods: This in vitro study was conducted on 30 class V cavities prepared on the buccal surfaces of primary canine teeth in three groups (n = 10) of bur preparation, Er:YAG laser and Er,Cr:YSGG laser...
September 30, 2017: Laser Therapy
Vineet Dhar, Abdullah A Marghalani, Yasmi O Crystal, Ashok Kumar, Priyanshi Ritwik, Ozlem Tulunoglu, Laurel Graham
PURPOSE: This manuscript presents evidence-based guidance on the use of vital pulp therapies for treatment of deep caries lesions in children. A guideline panel convened by the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry formulated evidence-based recommendations on three vital pulp therapies: indirect pulp treatment (IPT; also known as indirect pulp cap), direct pulp cap (DPC), and pulpotomy. METHODS: The basis of the guideline's recommendations was evidence from "Primary Tooth Vital Pulp Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis...
September 15, 2017: Pediatric Dentistry
Gyanendra Kumar, Ferah Rehman, Vivek Chaturvedy
Soft tissue laser, such as diode and Nd:YAG lasers were initially used in soft tissue lesions because of its increased success rate. It was because of the fact that these lasers were well-absorbed by chromophores, such as hemoglobin and melanin which are found abundant in the oral mucosa. The introduction of erbium family in 1990 comprising the Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG lasers made the hard tissue laser a boon for dentistry. Erbium, chromium-doped yttrium, scandium, gallium and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) was introduced in 1997 for the surgical needs of clinical dentistry in general practice...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Mitra Tabari, Reza Fekrazad, Homayoun Alaghemand, Mahtab Hamzeh
INTRODUCTION: One of the biggest disadvantages of dental amalgam is that gaining its ultimate strength is a slow process. The use of a rapid-setting amalgam with high early compressive strength could be a better option in preventing early fractures in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of diode laser irradiation on compressive strength of dental amalgam. METHODS: A case-control study was performed on 180 amalgam samples made at the Tehran Dental Material Research Center in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
Masoumeh Moslemi, Faezeh Fotouhi Ardakani, Fatemeh Javadi, Zahra Khalili Sadrabad, Zahra Shadkar, Mohammad Saeid Shadkar
Aim and Background. Recently, new restorative materials such as self-adhesive flowable composites, because of their simple use and no need to bonding and etching, are considered important, particularly in pediatric dentistry. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser on microshear bond strength of self-adhesive flowable composite on permanent teeth dentin in vitro. Material and Methods. In this experimental study, 40 dentin sections were prepared from healthy third molars and divided into two groups according to their surface preparation by Er,Cr:YSGG laser or without laser, only with silicon carbide paper...
2016: Scientifica
J C Abou Chedid, N Mchayleh, I Khalil, B Melki, L S Hardan
Pulpotomy is the most performed and controversial therapeutic in pediatric dentistry. Formocresol is known to have a toxic effect on living tissues, a mutagenic and carcinogenic potential with a systemic uptake of formocresol via pulpotomized teeth, other alternative products have been investigated. 40 molars were pulpotomized using Micro Mega Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MM-MTA), which eliminates the need for the use of formocresol. The effects of this material were evaluated both clinically and radiographically...
December 2015: Odonto-stomatologie Tropicale, Tropical Dental Journal
Bahareh Nazemisalman, Mahya Farsadeghi, Mehdi Sokhansanj
Laser technology has been recently introduced into the dental field with the idea to replace drilling. Having a less painful first dental experience by the use of modern instruments like laser can be an efficient preventive and therapeutic strategy in pediatric dentistry. Pedodontists need to learn the new less invasive technologies and adopt them in their routine practice. This study aimed to review the available types of lasers and their applications in pediatric dentistry. An electronic search was carried out in IranMedex, InterScience, Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed, ProQuest, Medline and Google Scholar databases to find relevant articles published from 2000 to 2014...
2015: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
G S Prathima, Dinesh Bhadrashetty, S B Umesh Babu, P Disha
Treating infants and young children is a rewarding experience, especially when we guide parents and children down the path of prevention and interception of oral disease. The pediatric dentist has to be updated about the new technologies to treating patients along with basic principles. This article gives a brief discussion on the types, applications, advantages, and limitations of the use of lasers in pediatric dentistry.
September 2015: Journal of International Oral Health: JIOH
R Verma, D S Sharma, A K Pathak
OBJECTIVES: Management of abscessed primary teeth often present endodontic failure owing to questioned efficiency of dressings or obturating pastes to eliminate Enterococcus faecalis, a resistant bacterium, residing in depth of dentinal tubules. The present study evaluates the antimicrobial efficacy of two antibacterial and two obturating pastes in dentinal tubules of primary teeth infected with Enterococcus faecalis using viability stain and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM)...
2015: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sara Ghadimi, Nasim Chiniforush, Mahsa Najafi, Sepideh Amiri
INTRODUCTION: Epulis granulomatosa is a lesion which grows from an extraction socket. It can be misdiagnosed with lesions of the same clinical appearance such as: foreign body or pyogenic granuloma, or as a herniation of the maxillary sinus. The most common treatment is surgical excision. CASE REPORT: The present article reports an Epulis granulomatosa which was removed with diode laser (810 nm) due to child's fear related to traditional surgical instruments and bleeding...
2015: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Galia Zhegova, Maya Rashkova, Jean-Paul Rocca
INTRODUCTION: Maintaining deciduous teeth as long as possible represents a goal in pediatric dentistry and avoids a plethora of health problems. Er:YAG carious decay treatment may help for prevention as well as during the curative processes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An Er:YAG laser was used to ablate 30 carious lesions on primary teeth. Diagnosis being conventionally dressed, treatment was conducted in respect of the following parameters: Er:YAG laser (Lite Touch, Syneron): output power from 300 mJ (enamel) to 200 mJ (dentine), frequency 20 Hz, sapphire tip (diameter 1...
December 27, 2014: Laser Therapy
Priscila Stona, Elizabete da Silva Viana, Leandro Dos Santos Pires, João Batista Blessmann Weber, Paulo Floriani Kramer
Recurrent labial herpes simplex is a pathology of viral origin that is frequently observed in children. The signs and symptoms are uncomfortable and, in many cases, the efficacy of treatment is unproven. However, several studies have demonstrated good results from the use of low-level laser therapy (LLLT), primarily due to acceleration of the healing process and pain relief, which make it a promising resource for use with this pathology. This paper describes a clinical case of a 7-year-old patient affected by this pathology and the therapeutic resolution proposed...
May 2014: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Milos Beloica, Zoran R Vulićević, Zoran Mandinić, Ivana Radović, Olivera Jovicić, Momir Carević, Jasmina Tekić
Goal of contemporary dentistry is to decrease the patient's discomfort during treatment. Dentists aim to achieve maximum with the newly developed dental materials as well as with new cavity preparation techniques in the shortest time span. Since the development of the first constructed borer (drilling machine) for caries removal, the preparation techniques have considerably changed. The progress of dental materials as well as the cavity preparation techniques has led us to contemporary carbide tungsten and diamond borers that are used with obligatory water cooling...
May 2014: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
Ahmet Ferhat Misir, Levent Demiriz, Figen Barut
Oral squamous papilloma is a benign proliferation of the stratified squamous epithelium, which results in a papillary or verrucous exophytic mass induced by human papilloma virus (HPV). These oral mucosa lesions are most often asymptomatic and have small progression. Laser assisted surgery is common nowadays with several advantages including successful hemostasis, devoid of sutures, wound sterilization and minimal post-operative pain and edema. The aim of this report is to present the oral squamous papilloma in a pediatric patient and its treatment with soft tissue laser...
October 2013: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
Valerie V Gordan, Joseph L Riley, Ricardo Marins De Carvalho, John Snyder, James L Sanderson, Mary Anderson, Gregg H Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify the methods that dentists in The Dental Practice-based Research Network (DPBRN) use to diagnose dental caries; (2) quantify their frequency of use, and (3) test the hypothesis that certain dentist and dental practice characteristics are significantly associated with their use. METHODS: A questionnaire about methods used for caries diagnosis was sent to DPBRN dentists who reported doing some restorative dentistry; 522 dentists participated...
April 2013: Texas Dental Journal
M Ghandehari, G Mighani, S Shahabi, N Chiniforush, Z Shirmohammadi
OBJECTIVE: One of the main criteria in evaluating the restorative materials is the degree of microleakage. The aim of this study was to compare the microleakage of glass ionomer restored cavities prepared by Er:YAG laser or turbine and bur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty extracted caries-free deciduous posterior teeth were selected for this study. The teeth were randomly divided into two groups for cavity preparation. Cavities in group one were prepared by high speed turbine and bur...
2012: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Mariya R Bohari, Yusuf K Chunawalla, Bijle Mohammed Nadeem Ahmed
AIM: To evaluate four different techniques of caries excavation in primary teeth in terms of efficacy, efficiency and pain experienced during the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sample of 120 teeth from children aged 5 to 9 years were equally divided into 4 groups - Air rotor (group A), Carisolv (group B), Papacarie (group C) and Er:YAG laser (group D). Visual and tactile criteria along with DIAGNOdent pen value was used to evaluate efficacy. Time was recorded to determine efficiency and FLACC scale was used to assess the pain experienced...
January 2012: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Chung Wei Wu, Yu-Hsun Kao, Chao-Ming Chen, Han Jen Hsu, Chun-Ming Chen, I-Yueh Huang
Mucoceles are quite common in the oral cavity, but reports on pediatric patients are very rare. The aims of this study were to present our data and experience in the treatment of mucoceles of the oral cavity in pediatric patients, to compare them with those of other countries, and to remind the pediatric physician to devote much attention to lesions of the oral cavity in children. This retrospective study is based on the record of the patients who received surgical treatment for mucoceles of the oral cavity with pathologic confirmation at the Department of Dentistry, Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Taiwan, between 2000 and 2004...
July 2011: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
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