Read by QxMD icon Read

Nash cure

Lei Zhao, Chang Zhang, Xiaoxiao Luo, Pei Wang, Wei Zhou, Shan Zhong, Yunxia Xie, Yibo Jiang, Ping Yang, Renkuang Tang, Qin Pan, Andrew R Hall, Tu Vinh Luong, Jiangao Fan, Zac Varghese, John F Moorhead, Massimo Pinzani, Yaxi Chen, Xiong Z Ruan
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Fatty acid translocase CD36 (CD36) is a membrane protein with multiple immuno-metabolic functions. Palmitoylation has been suggested to regulate the distribution and functions of CD36, but little is known about its significance in NASH. METHODS: Human liver tissue samples were obtained from patients undergoing liver biopsy for diagnostic purposes. CD36 knockout mice were injected with lentivirus vectors to express wild type CD36 and palmitoylation sites mutated CD36 in the livers...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
Hiroko Takaki, Yuko Akazawa, Youko Kido, Mami Morishita, Takuya Honda, Hidetaka Shibata, Satoshi Miuma, Hisamitsu Miyaaki, Naota Taura, Hisayoshi Kondo, Kazuhiko Nakao
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and metabolic diseases including nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) exhibit a complex interplay. Although free fatty acid-mediated apoptosis is a prominent feature of NASH, the impact of HCV infection on hepatocyte lipotoxicity has remained largely unexplored. The study aimed at identifying whether infection by HCV affected the apoptotic pathway in hepatocytes during fatty acid assault. MATERIAL AND METHODS OR6 cells, which are derived from human hepatocellular carcinoma Huh-7 cells and harbor a full-length HCV RNA genome replication system, were treated with palmitate...
September 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Vasilios G Athyros, Chrysa Boutari, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Panagiotis Anagnostis, Konstantinos P Imprialos, Michael Doumas, Asterios Karagiannis
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disease (30% of the general population) and up to 40% of cases advance to the more severe form of the disease: non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is causally related to cirrhosis and cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is no generally accepted effective treatment for NAFLD/NASH. The joint guidelines of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL), the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) and the European Association for the Study of Obesity (EASO) suggest the "off label" use of pioglitazone in patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and pioglitazone in subjects with T2DM or vitamin E or their combination for the treatment of NASH; however pioglitazone has considerable limitations: weight gain, bone fractures in women, and heart failure...
June 20, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
Suneed Kumar, Nidhi Khandelwal, Abhaya Kumar, Kapildev Yadav, Swapnil Sharma, Shailesh Sable, Ashutosh Chauhan, Sorabh Kapoor, Vibha Varma, Jaydeep Palep, Vinay Kumaran
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with morbid obesity and metabolic syndrome is now a common cause of end-stage liver disease (ESLD). These patients are high-risk candidates for liver transplant, and require bariatric surgery to prevent recurrent disease in the new liver. Data reports bariatric surgery after transplant, which maybe difficult because of adhesions between the stomach and liver in living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipient. We report the first case of combined LDLT with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) from India...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
Graeme Jones, Peter Nash, Stephen Hall
There are now eight approved biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs), two biosimilars and one targeted synthetic DMARD in Australia with a number of new products and biosimilars in the pipeline. bDMARDs have excellent efficacy, especially when combined with traditional DMARDs, and a well characterised but manageable safety profile. These expanded therapeutic options have revolutionised patient care and made remission (including drug free remission) a realistic goal. Evidence of a "window of opportunity" that changes the long term phenotype of the disease has been well established, so therapy should be commenced as early as possible in the disease process and a shared care model between general practitioner and rheumatologist provides the best outcomes...
March 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
François Durand, Claire Francoz
In hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients, transplantation can be justified by decompensated cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or both. During the last decade, HCV infection accounted for about 30% of the indications for transplantation in Europe and North America. Direct antiviral agents (DAAs) are highly effective at curing HCV, even in patients with end-stage cirrhosis. In the future, the incidence of HCV-related decompensated cirrhosis will continue to decrease. The incidence of HCC will also decrease, but a large cohort of patients with cirrhosis will still be at risk of developing HCC even after HCV has been cured...
January 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Julia Hengst, Christine Susanne Falk, Verena Schlaphoff, Katja Deterding, Michael Peter Manns, Markus Cornberg, Heiner Wedemeyer
BACKGROUND:  Persistent infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes profound alterations of the cytokine and chemokine milieu in peripheral blood. However, it is unknown to what extend these alterations affect the progression of liver disease and whether HCV clearance normalizes soluble inflammatory mediators. METHODS:  We performed multianalyte profiling of 50 plasma proteins in 28 patients with persistent HCV infection and advanced stages of liver fibrosis or cirrhosis and 20 controls with fatty liver disease...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Sangeeta Dhawan, Sarika Gunjan, Anirban Pal, Renu Tripathi
In malaria, development of resistance towards artemisinin derivatives has urged the need for new drugs or new drug combinations to tackle the drug resistant malaria. We studied the fresh root extract of Vetiver zizanioides (Linn.) Nash (VET) with a CDRI-CIMAP antimalarial α/β arteether (ART) together for their antimalarial potential. Our results showed additive to synergistic antimalarial activity of VET and ART with sum fractional inhibitory concentrations Σ FICs 1.02 ± 0.24 and 1.12 ± 0.32 for chloroquine sensitive (CQS) and chloroquine resistant (CQR) strain of Plasmodium falciparum (William H...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Angelo Azzi, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Mohsen Meydani, Jean Marc Zingg
This review deals with the expectations of vitamin E ability of preventing or curing, as a potent antioxidant, alleged oxidative stress based ailments including cardiovascular disease, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cataracts, macular degeneration and more. The results obtained with clinical intervention studies have highly restricted the range of effectiveness of this vitamin. At the same time, new non-antioxidant mechanisms have been proposed. The new functions of vitamin E have been shown to affect cell signal transduction and gene expression, both in vitro and in vivo...
April 1, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Na-Ra Han, Phil-Dong Moon, Hyun-Ja Jeong, Hyung-Min Kim
Bamboo salt (BS) is a Korean traditional type of salt and has been reported to have therapeutic effects on allergic inflammation. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) aggravates inflammation in the pathogenesis of allergic reactions, such as allergic rhinitis (AR). To confirm an active compound of BS, we investigated the effect of sulfur, a compound of BS, on the levels of TSLP in a human mast cell line, HMC-1 cells and a mouse model of AR using hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor, sodium hydrosulfide (NaSH). We treated NaSH or BS in HMC-1 cells and activated the HMC-1 cells with phorbol myristate acetate and calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)...
March 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Olga Tymejczyk, Susie Hoffman, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Tsigereda Gadisa, Maria Lahuerta, Robert H Remien, Batya Elul, Wafaa El-Sadr, Zenebe Melaku, Denis Nash
To better understand patient beliefs, which may influence adherence to HIV care and treatment, we examined three dimensions of beliefs among Ethiopian adults (n = 1177) initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART). Beliefs about benefits of ART/HIV clinical care were largely accurate, but few patients believed in the ability of ART to prevent sexual transmission and many thought Holy Water could cure HIV. Factors associated with lower odds of accurate beliefs included advanced HIV, lack of formal education, and Muslim religion (benefits of ART/clinical care); secondary or university education and more clinic visits (ART to prevent sexual transmission); and pregnancy and Orthodox Christian religion (Holy Water)...
May 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Warinda Susutlertpanya, Duangporn Werawatganon, Prasong Siriviriyakul, Naruemon Klaikeaw
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has become a global chronic liver disease, but no effective medicine has been proven to cure it. This study investigated the protective effects of genistein, a phytoestrogen, on NASH and examined whether it has any effect on hepatic PPARγ. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: control group fed ad libitum with standard rat diet, NASH group fed ad libitum with high-fat diet to induce NASH and NASH + Gen8 group and NASH + Gen16 group fed with high-fat diet plus intragastric administration of 8 or 16 mg/kg genistein once daily...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Rohit Kohli, Andriy Myronovych, Brandon K Tan, Rosa-Maria Salazar-Gonzalez, Lili Miles, Wujuan Zhang, Melissa Oehrle, Darleen A Sandoval, Karen K Ryan, Randy J Seeley, Kenneth D R Setchell
Bariatric surgery is the most effective and durable treatment option for obesity today. More importantly, beyond weight loss, bariatric procedures have many advantageous metabolic effects including reversal of obesity-related liver disease--nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH is an important comorbidity of obesity given that it is a precursor to the development of liver cirrhosis that may necessitate liver transplantation in the long run. Simultaneously, we and others have observed increased serum bile acids in humans and animals that undergo bariatric surgery...
2015: Digestive Diseases
E Nash, P Ranka, G Tarigopula, T Rashid
Primary hyperparathyroidism is rare during pregnancy. Recognition may be challenging as symptoms overlap with those of other common disorders of pregnancy. Furthermore, physiological changes of pregnancy affecting calcium homoeostasis mean awareness of the condition and careful interpretation of results in the light of pregnancy are essential for diagnosis. Maternal complications of primary hyperparathyroidism include nephrolithiasis, pancreatitis, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension and peptic ulcers. At its most severe, hypercalcaemic crisis may occur, presenting with acute neurological disturbance...
March 27, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
María-Carlota Londoño, Juan G Abraldes, José Altamirano, Thomas Decaens, Xavier Forns
The late and fast developments in the field of viral hepatitis were highly expected in the 2014 AASLD Liver Meeting®. Several combinations using direct acting antivirals (DAAs) showed high rates of sustained virological response (∼95%). Importantly, high cure rates were also demonstrated in patients with previous treatment failures, decompensated cirrhosis and hepatitis C recurrence after transplantation, making it clear that the interferon era is over (not so clear for ribavirin, which might still have a role in difficult-to-treat populations)...
May 2015: Journal of Hepatology
Ainara Cano, Cristina Alonso
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver disorders in industrialized countries. NAFLD develops in the absence of alcohol abuse and encompasses a wide spectrum of disorders ranging from benign fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH often leads to fibrosis, cirrhosis and, finally, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore the earlier NAFLD is diagnosed, the better the patient's outlook. A tightly connected basic and applied research is essential to find the molecular mechanisms that accompany illness and to translate them into the clinic...
October 2014: Biochemical Society Transactions
Okeefe L Simmons, Jochen Kressler, Mark S Nash
OBJECTIVE: Establish reference values of cardiorespiratory fitness applicable to the general, untrained spinal cord injury (SCI) population. DESIGN: Data were retroactively obtained from 12 studies (May 2004 to May 2012). SETTING: An institution-affiliated applied physiology research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 153 men and 26 women (age, 18-55y) with chronic SCI (N=179) were included. Participants were not involved in training activities for 1 or more months before testing and were able to complete a progressive resistance exercise test to determine peak oxygen consumption (Vo2peak)...
December 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Henning Reis, Jeremias Wohlschläger, Sascha Hagemann, Patricia Wenzel, Lars P Bechmann, Anna-Carinna Suttorp, Martin J Schlattjan, Kerstin Herzer, Ali Canbay, Hideo A Baba
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the sole therapeutic option to cure end-stage liver diseases including HCV-related cirrhosis. Timely and precise differentiation of relevant acute HCV reinfection from acute rejection after OLT is vital for appropriate therapy. Aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of (non-) invasive apoptosis (M30) and necrosis (M65) determination in the differential diagnosis of acute (and chronic) HCV reinfection vs. acute rejection in liver allografts...
March 2015: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
C O Falade, H O Dada-Adegbola, O O Ogunkunle, M C Oguike, O Nash, O G Ademowo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine (AL), artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) and artesunate-amodiaquine-chlorpheniramine (AQC) for the treatment of acute uncomplicated malaria among Southwest Nigerian children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty children aged 6 months to 14 years with acute uncomplicated malaria were randomized to AL (n = 53), ASAQ (n = 53), or AQC (n = 54). Enrollees were seen daily on days 0-3 and then on days 7, 14, 21, 28 and 42 for clinical and parasitological evaluations...
2014: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Guillaume Lassailly, Robert Caïazzo, François Pattou, Philippe Mathurin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Journal of Hepatology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"