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Nash cure

J Hengst, C S Falk, V Schlaphoff, K Deterding, M P Manns, M Cornberg, H Wedemeyer
BACKGROUND:  Persistent infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes profound alterations of the cytokine and chemokine milieu in peripheral blood. However, it is unknown to what extend these alterations affect the progression of liver disease and whether HCV clearance normalizes soluble inflammatory mediators. METHODS:  We performed multianalyte profiling of 50 plasma proteins of 28 patients with persistent HCV infection and advanced stages of liver fibrosis or cirrhosis and 20 controls with fatty liver disease...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Sangeeta Dhawan, Sarika Gunjan, Anirban Pal, Renu Tripathi
In malaria, development of resistance towards artemisinin derivatives has urged the need for new drugs or new drug combinations to tackle the drug resistant malaria. We studied the fresh root extract of Vetiver zizanioides (Linn.) Nash (VET) with a CDRI-CIMAP antimalarial α/β arteether (ART) together for their antimalarial potential. Our results showed additive to synergistic antimalarial activity of VET and ART with sum fractional inhibitory concentrations Σ FICs 1.02 ± 0.24 and 1.12 ± 0.32 for chloroquine sensitive (CQS) and chloroquine resistant (CQR) strain of Plasmodium falciparum (William H...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Experimental Biology
Angelo Azzi, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Mohsen Meydani, Jean Marc Zingg
This review deals with the expectations of vitamin E ability of preventing or curing, as a potent antioxidant, alleged oxidative stress based ailments including cardiovascular disease, cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, cataracts, macular degeneration and more. The results obtained with clinical intervention studies have highly restricted the range of effectiveness of this vitamin. At the same time, new non-antioxidant mechanisms have been proposed. The new functions of vitamin E have been shown to affect cell signal transduction and gene expression, both in vitro and in vivo...
April 1, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Na-Ra Han, Phil-Dong Moon, Hyun-Ja Jeong, Hyung-Min Kim
Bamboo salt (BS) is a Korean traditional type of salt and has been reported to have therapeutic effects on allergic inflammation. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) aggravates inflammation in the pathogenesis of allergic reactions, such as allergic rhinitis (AR). To confirm an active compound of BS, we investigated the effect of sulfur, a compound of BS, on the levels of TSLP in a human mast cell line, HMC-1 cells and a mouse model of AR using hydrogen sulfide (H2S) donor, sodium hydrosulfide (NaSH). We treated NaSH or BS in HMC-1 cells and activated the HMC-1 cells with phorbol myristate acetate and calcium ionophore A23187 (PMACI)...
March 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Olga Tymejczyk, Susie Hoffman, Sarah Gorrell Kulkarni, Tsigereda Gadisa, Maria Lahuerta, Robert H Remien, Batya Elul, Wafaa El-Sadr, Zenebe Melaku, Denis Nash
To better understand patient beliefs, which may influence adherence to HIV care and treatment, we examined three dimensions of beliefs among Ethiopian adults (n = 1177) initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART). Beliefs about benefits of ART/HIV clinical care were largely accurate, but few patients believed in the ability of ART to prevent sexual transmission and many thought Holy Water could cure HIV. Factors associated with lower odds of accurate beliefs included advanced HIV, lack of formal education, and Muslim religion (benefits of ART/clinical care); secondary or university education and more clinic visits (ART to prevent sexual transmission); and pregnancy and Orthodox Christian religion (Holy Water)...
May 2016: AIDS and Behavior
Warinda Susutlertpanya, Duangporn Werawatganon, Prasong Siriviriyakul, Naruemon Klaikeaw
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has become a global chronic liver disease, but no effective medicine has been proven to cure it. This study investigated the protective effects of genistein, a phytoestrogen, on NASH and examined whether it has any effect on hepatic PPARγ. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: control group fed ad libitum with standard rat diet, NASH group fed ad libitum with high-fat diet to induce NASH and NASH + Gen8 group and NASH + Gen16 group fed with high-fat diet plus intragastric administration of 8 or 16 mg/kg genistein once daily...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Rohit Kohli, Andriy Myronovych, Brandon K Tan, Rosa-Maria Salazar-Gonzalez, Lili Miles, Wujuan Zhang, Melissa Oehrle, Darleen A Sandoval, Karen K Ryan, Randy J Seeley, Kenneth D R Setchell
Bariatric surgery is the most effective and durable treatment option for obesity today. More importantly, beyond weight loss, bariatric procedures have many advantageous metabolic effects including reversal of obesity-related liver disease--nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH is an important comorbidity of obesity given that it is a precursor to the development of liver cirrhosis that may necessitate liver transplantation in the long run. Simultaneously, we and others have observed increased serum bile acids in humans and animals that undergo bariatric surgery...
2015: Digestive Diseases
E Nash, P Ranka, G Tarigopula, T Rashid
Primary hyperparathyroidism is rare during pregnancy. Recognition may be challenging as symptoms overlap with those of other common disorders of pregnancy. Furthermore, physiological changes of pregnancy affecting calcium homoeostasis mean awareness of the condition and careful interpretation of results in the light of pregnancy are essential for diagnosis. Maternal complications of primary hyperparathyroidism include nephrolithiasis, pancreatitis, cardiac arrhythmias, hypertension and peptic ulcers. At its most severe, hypercalcaemic crisis may occur, presenting with acute neurological disturbance...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
María-Carlota Londoño, Juan G Abraldes, José Altamirano, Thomas Decaens, Xavier Forns
The late and fast developments in the field of viral hepatitis were highly expected in the 2014 AASLD Liver Meeting®. Several combinations using direct acting antivirals (DAAs) showed high rates of sustained virological response (∼95%). Importantly, high cure rates were also demonstrated in patients with previous treatment failures, decompensated cirrhosis and hepatitis C recurrence after transplantation, making it clear that the interferon era is over (not so clear for ribavirin, which might still have a role in difficult-to-treat populations)...
May 2015: Journal of Hepatology
Ainara Cano, Cristina Alonso
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common liver disorders in industrialized countries. NAFLD develops in the absence of alcohol abuse and encompasses a wide spectrum of disorders ranging from benign fatty liver to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH often leads to fibrosis, cirrhosis and, finally, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore the earlier NAFLD is diagnosed, the better the patient's outlook. A tightly connected basic and applied research is essential to find the molecular mechanisms that accompany illness and to translate them into the clinic...
October 2014: Biochemical Society Transactions
Okeefe L Simmons, Jochen Kressler, Mark S Nash
OBJECTIVE: Establish reference values of cardiorespiratory fitness applicable to the general, untrained spinal cord injury (SCI) population. DESIGN: Data were retroactively obtained from 12 studies (May 2004 to May 2012). SETTING: An institution-affiliated applied physiology research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 153 men and 26 women (age, 18-55y) with chronic SCI (N=179) were included. Participants were not involved in training activities for 1 or more months before testing and were able to complete a progressive resistance exercise test to determine peak oxygen consumption (Vo2peak)...
December 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Henning Reis, Jeremias Wohlschläger, Sascha Hagemann, Patricia Wenzel, Lars P Bechmann, Anna-Carinna Suttorp, Martin J Schlattjan, Kerstin Herzer, Ali Canbay, Hideo A Baba
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is the sole therapeutic option to cure end-stage liver diseases including HCV-related cirrhosis. Timely and precise differentiation of relevant acute HCV reinfection from acute rejection after OLT is vital for appropriate therapy. Aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of (non-) invasive apoptosis (M30) and necrosis (M65) determination in the differential diagnosis of acute (and chronic) HCV reinfection vs. acute rejection in liver allografts...
March 2015: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
C O Falade, H O Dada-Adegbola, O O Ogunkunle, M C Oguike, O Nash, O G Ademowo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the comparative efficacy and safety of artemether-lumefantrine (AL), artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) and artesunate-amodiaquine-chlorpheniramine (AQC) for the treatment of acute uncomplicated malaria among Southwest Nigerian children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty children aged 6 months to 14 years with acute uncomplicated malaria were randomized to AL (n = 53), ASAQ (n = 53), or AQC (n = 54). Enrollees were seen daily on days 0-3 and then on days 7, 14, 21, 28 and 42 for clinical and parasitological evaluations...
2014: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Guillaume Lassailly, Robert Caïazzo, François Pattou, Philippe Mathurin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2013: Journal of Hepatology
Adriana Paredes, Tiago de Campos Lourenço, Miguel Marzal, Andrea Rivera, Pierre Dorny, Siddhartha Mahanty, Cristina Guerra-Giraldez, Hector H García, Theodore E Nash, Quezia B Cass
Albendazole is an anthelmintic drug widely used in the treatment of neurocysticercosis (NCC), an infection of the brain with Taenia solium cysts. However, drug levels of its active metabolite, albendazole sulfoxide (ABZSO), are erratic, likely resulting in decreased efficacy and suboptimal cure rates in NCC. Racemic albendazole sulfoxide is composed of ABZSO (+)-(R)- and (-)-(S) enantiomers that have been shown to differ in pharmacokinetics and activity against other helminths. The antiparasitic activities of racemic ABZSO and its (+)-(R)- and (-)-(S) enantiomers against T...
February 2013: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Cristina Della Corte, Massimo Colombo
The only hope for a cure from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) rests on early diagnosis as it can be attained through semiannual surveillance with abdominal ultrasound (US) of patients at risk. While the strategy of semiannual screening rests on the growth rate of the tumor that in cirrhotic patients takes 6 months to double its volume, on average, the noninvasive radiological diagnosis of HCC is possible in cirrhotic patients with a de novo HCC and patients with chronic hepatitis B. More recently, metabolic diseases related to insulin resistance, including diabetes and obesity, have been recognized to be causally related to HCC as well, in most patients bridging HCC to the histopathological diagnosis of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)...
August 2012: Seminars in Oncology
Yousef A Taher, Abas Hj Hussin
Traditional medicines, in particular herbal products, have been used abundantly over the years in curing several diseases. Pharmacological interactions of herbal products with modern drugs, however, remain to some extent unknown. Herein, we examined whether co-administration of Faizol Ubat Batuk (FUB), a mixture of aqueous extract of different plants, modifies the metabolism of aminopyrine, a conventional analgesic drug, in rat liver. We used rat hepatocytes outfitted by collagenase perfusion technique. Determination of aminopyrine n-demethylase activity was performed using the Nash colorimetric method, by measuring the amount of formaldehyde produced...
2011: Libyan Journal of Medicine
Roshan Ramanathan, Kawsar R Talaat, Daniel P Fedorko, Siddhartha Mahanty, Theodore E Nash
We used a species-specific approach to treat 10 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis diagnosed using polymerase chain reaction. Non-antimony treatments (oral miltefosine, ketoconazole, and liposomal amphotericin B) were chosen as an alternative to pentavalent antimony drugs based on likely or proven drug efficacy against the infecting species. Leishmania Viannia panamensis was diagnosed in three patients and treated successfully with oral ketoconazole. Miltefosine treatment cured two patients with L. infantum chagasi...
January 2011: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Richard A Nash, George B McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 23, 2010: Blood
Andrew J Fowell, Kathryn L Nash
More than 180 million people worldwide have chronic hepatitis C (CHC) virus infection, a major cause of liver cirrhosis and its life-threatening complications including liver failure, portal hypertension, and hepatocellular carcinoma. With the current standard of care of pegylated interferon-alpha and ribavirin (PEG-IFN-alpha/RBV), the chances of sustained viral clearance or "cure" are only 40%-50% for genotype 1 infection, which is the most common genotype in western populations. Consequently, there has been a drive to develop new agents specifically targeting essential components of the viral life cycle, such as the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A serine protease...
August 2010: Advances in Therapy
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