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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777737/type-i-collagen-induces-mesenchymal-cell-differentiation-into-myofibroblasts-through-yap-induced-tgf-%C3%AE-1-activation
#1
Xiaoling Liu, Xinyu Long, Weiwei Liu, Yeli Zhao, Toshihiko Hayashi, Masayuki Yamato, Kazunori Mizuno, Hitomi Fujisaki, Shunji Hattori, Shin-Ichi Tashiro, Takaaki Ogura, Yuji Atsuzawa, Takashi Ikejima
In organ fibrosis, mechanical stress and transforming growth factor beta-1 (TGF-β1) promote differentiation into myofibroblast from mesenchymal cells, leading to extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling or active synthesis, deposition or degradation of ECM components. A major component of ECM, type I collagen (col I) triple helical molecules assemble into fibrils or are denatured to gelatin without triple-helicity in remodeling. However, whether changes of ECM components in remodeling have influence on mesenchymal cell differentiation remains elusive...
May 16, 2018: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766503/transcriptome-analysis-of-potential-mirna-involved-in-adipogenic-differentiation-of-c2c12-myoblasts
#2
Ye Hou, Liangliang Fu, Jingjin Li, Jingxuan Li, Yunxia Zhao, Yu Luan, An Liu, Huiying Liu, Xinyun Li, Shuhong Zhao, Changchun Li
>Emerging evidence indicates that microRNA (miRNA) plays an important role in adipogenesis and disease pathogenesis. To investigate the miRNA involved in regulating different periods of adipogenesis, we performed a comprehensive study on microRNAome during the stimulation of adipogenesis by an adipogenic differentiation cocktail in C2C12 myoblasts at 0, 2, 4, and 7 days using the Solexa sequencing technology. In this study, we identified 52 differentially expressed (DE) miRNA. Functional annotation indicated that the target genes of DE miRNA were mostly enriched in adipogenic transdifferentiation and fat metabolism-related pathways, including Wnt, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), and insulin signaling...
May 16, 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760587/the-role-of-adipokines-in-skeletal-muscle-inflammation-and-insulin-sensitivity
#3
REVIEW
Thomas Nicholson, Chris Church, David J Baker, Simon W Jones
Background: There is currently an unmet clinical need to develop better pharmacological treatments to improve glucose handling in Type II Diabetes patients with obesity. To this end, determining the effect of obesity-associated adipokines on skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity has emerged as an important area of drug discovery research. This review draws together the data on the functional role of adipokines on skeletal muscle insulin signalling, highlights several understudied novel adipokines and provides a perspective on the direction of future research...
2018: Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759974/the-ceramide-transporter-cert-is-involved-in-muscle-insulin-signaling-defects-under-lipotoxic-conditions
#4
Cécile L Bandet, Rana Mahfouz, Julien Véret, Athanassia Sotiropoulos, Maxime Poirier, Paola Giussani, Mélanie Campana, Erwann Philippe, Agnieszka Blachnio-Zabielska, Raphaëlle Ballaire, Xavier Le Liepvre, Olivier Bourron, Dušan Berkeš, Jan Górski, Pascal Ferré, Hervé Le Stunff, Fabienne Foufelle, Eric Hajduch
One main mechanism of insulin resistance (IR), a key feature of type-2 diabetes, is the accumulation of saturated fatty acids (FA) in muscles of obese and type-2 diabetic patients. Understanding the mechanism underlying lipid-induced IR is therefore a crucial challenge. Saturated FA are metabolized into lipid-derivatives called ceramides and their accumulation plays a central role in the development of muscle IR. Ceramides are produced in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and transported to the Golgi through a transporter called CERT, where they are converted into different sphingolipid species...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758057/ankk1-is-found-in-myogenic-precursors-and-muscle-fibers-subtypes-with-glycolytic-metabolism
#5
Estrella Rubio-Solsona, Salvador Martí, Juan J Vílchez, Francesc Palau, Janet Hoenicka
Ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1 (ANKK1) gene has been widely related to neuropsychiatry disorders. The localization of ANKK1 in neural progenitors and its correlation with the cell cycle has suggested its participation in development. However, ANKK1 functions still need to be identified. Here, we have further characterized the ANKK1 localization in vivo and in vitro, by using immunolabeling, quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot in the myogenic lineage. Histologic investigations in mice and humans revealed that ANKK1 is expressed in precursors of embryonic and adult muscles...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752552/collagen-vi-is-required-for-the-structural-and-functional-integrity-of-the-neuromuscular-junction
#6
Matilde Cescon, Ilaria Gregorio, Nane Eiber, Doriana Borgia, Aurora Fusto, Patrizia Sabatelli, Michele Scorzeto, Aram Megighian, Elena Pegoraro, Said Hashemolhosseini, Paolo Bonaldo
The synaptic cleft of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) consists of a highly specialized extracellular matrix (ECM) involved in synapse maturation, in the juxtaposition of pre- to post-synaptic areas, and in ensuring proper synaptic transmission. Key components of synaptic ECM, such as collagen IV, perlecan and biglycan, are binding partners of one of the most abundant ECM protein of skeletal muscle, collagen VI (ColVI), previously never linked to NMJ. Here, we demonstrate that ColVI is itself a component of this specialized ECM and that it is required for the structural and functional integrity of NMJs...
May 11, 2018: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751400/2-3-7-8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin-induces-alterations-in-myogenic-differentiation-of-c2c12-cells
#7
Heidi Q Xie, Yingjie Xia, Tuan Xu, Yangsheng Chen, Hualing Fu, Yunping Li, Yali Luo, Li Xu, Karl W K Tsim, Bin Zhao
Dioxin-induced toxicities that affect the development of the motor system have been proposed since many years. However, cellular evidence and the molecular basis for the effects are limited. In this study, a cultured mouse myoblast cell line, C2C12, was utilized to examine the effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on myogenic differentiation and expression of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), a neuromuscular transmission-related gene. The results showed that TCDD exposure at 10-10  M repressed the myotube formation of C2C12 cells by disturbing the fusion process and suppressing the expression of myosin heavy chain, a myobute structural protein, and not by induction of cytotoxicity...
April 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745819/crosstalk-between-neuropeptides-sp-and-cgrp-in-regulation-of-bmp2-induced-bone-differentiation
#8
Ceren Tuzmen, Phil G Campbell
AIM OF THE STUDY: The peripheral nervous system is involved in regulation of bone metabolism via sensory and sympathetic innervation. Substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are two sensory neuropeptides that have been associated with regulation of osteogenic differentiation. However, the interaction between SP and CGRP both with each other and the bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) in regulation of osteogenic differentiation has not been studied. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between SP and CGRP on BMP2-induced bone differentiation using model progenitor cells...
December 2018: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744422/surface-functionalization-of-acrylic-based-photocrosslinkable-resin-for-3d-printing-applications
#9
A Ronca, F Maiullari, M Milan, V Pace, A Gloria, R Rizzi, R De Santis, L Ambrosio
The limited number of resins, available for stereolithography applications, is one of the key drivers in research applied to rapid prototyping. In this work an acrylic photocrosslinkable resin based on methyl methacrylate (MMA), butyl methacrylate (BMA) and poly(ethylene glycol) dimethacrylate (PEGDA) was developed with different composition and characterized in terms of mechanical, thermal and biological behaviour. Two different systems have been developed using different amount of reagent. The influence of every components have been evaluated on the final characteristic of the resin in order to optimize the final composition for applications in bone tissue engineering...
September 2017: Bioactive Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742122/time-controlled-fasting-prevents-aging-like-mitochondrial-changes-induced-by-persistent-dietary-fat-overload-in-skeletal-muscle
#10
Daniele Lettieri-Barbato, Stefano Maria Cannata, Viviana Casagrande, Maria Rosa Ciriolo, Katia Aquilano
A large body of evidence suggests that persistent dietary fat overload causes mitochondrial dysfunction and systemic metabolic gridlock. Mitochondrial and lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle (SkM) are severely affected upon persistent high fat diet (HFD) leading to premature tissue aging. Here, we designed weekly cycles of fasting (called as time-controlled fasting, TCF) and showed that they were effective in limiting mitochondrial damage and metabolic disturbances induced by HFD. Specifically, TCF was able to prevent the decline of adipose triglyceride lipase (Atgl), maintain efficient mitochondrial respiration in SkM as well as improve blood glucose and lipid profile...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739041/1%C3%AE-25-oh-2-vitamin-d3-inhibits-c2c12-cell-differentiation-by-activating-c-src-and-erk1-2
#11
Zhonghua Wang, Aijun Jiang, Jingwei Mei, Xinyan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The steroid hormone 1α,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (1,25-D3) induced some biological responses through activation of MAPK cascades in various cell types. It seems that 1,25-D3 plays different roles at different stages of proliferating, differentiating, and differentiated C2C12 cells. We wanted to detect the effect of 1,25-D3 on myogenic differentiation and the role of ERK1/2 in differentiating stage induced by 2% horse serum with 1,25-D3. METHODS: In this study, cells were induced to differentiate with 2% horse serum until the 7th day (with addition of 1,25-D3 every two days)...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729383/ameliorative-potential-of-lavandula-stoechas-in-metabolic-syndrome-via-multitarget-interactions
#12
S S Kulabas, H Ipek, A R Tufekci, S Arslan, I Demirtas, R Ekren, U Sezerman, T B Tumer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL IMPORTANCE: Decoction and infusion prepared from aerial parts of Lavandula stoechas L. (L. stoechas) have been traditionally used as remedy against several components of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and associated disorders including type II diabetes and cardiovascular diseases by Anatolian people. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim is to elucidate the potential ameliorative effects of L. stoechas aqueous extracts on insulin resistance and inflammation models through multitarget in vitro approaches and also to elucidate mechanism of action by analyzing transcriptional and metabolic responses...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728612/identification-of-the-effector-domain-of-biglycan-that-facilitates-bmp-2-osteogenic-function
#13
Prapaporn Jongwattanapisan, Masahiko Terajima, Patricia A Miguez, William Querido, Hideaki Nagaoka, Noriko Sumida, Elizabeth Grace Gurysh, Kristy M Ainslie, Nancy Pleshko, Lalith Perera, Mitsuo Yamauchi
We have reported that recombinant biglycan (BGN) core protein accelerates bone formation in vivo by enhancing bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 function. The purpose of the present study was to identify the specific domain ("effector") within the BGN core protein that facilitates BMP-2 osteogenic function. Thus, we generated various recombinant and synthetic peptides corresponding to several domains of BGN, and tested their effects on BMP-2 functions in vitro. The results demonstrated that the leucine-rich repeats 2-3 domain (LRR2-3) of BGN significantly enhanced the BMP-2 induced Smad1/5/9 phosphorylation, osteogenic gene expression, and alkaline phosphatase activity in myogenic C2C12 cells...
May 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724080/conessine-treatment-reduces-dexamethasone-induced-muscle-atrophy-by-regulating-murf1-and-atrogin-1-expression
#14
Hyunju Kim, Minsu Jang, Rackhyun Park, Daum Jo, Inho Choi, Joonho Choe, Won Keun Oh, Junsoo Park
Conessine, a steroidal alkaloid, is a potent histamine H3 antagonist with antimalarial activity. We recently reported that conessine treatment interferes with H₂O₂-induced cell death by regulating autophagy. However, the cellular signaling pathways involved in conessine treatment are not fully understood. Here, we report that conessine reduces muscle atrophy by interfering with the expression of atrophy-related ubiquitin ligases MuRF-1 and atrogin-1. Promoter reporter assay revealed that conessine treatment inhibits FoxO3a-dependent transcription, NF-κB-dependent transcription, and p53-dependent transcription...
April 28, 2018: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723273/distinct-roles-for-rev-erb%C3%AE-and-rev-erb%C3%AE-in-oxidative-capacity-and-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-skeletal-muscle
#15
Ariadna Amador, Sean Campbell, Melissa Kazantzis, Gary Lan, Thomas P Burris, Laura A Solt
The nuclear receptors REV-ERBα and REV-ERBβ have been demonstrated to be core members of the circadian clock and participate in the regulation of a diverse set of metabolic functions. Due to their overlapping tissue expression patterns and gene expression profiles, REV-ERBβ is thought to be redundant to REV-ERBα. Recent work has highlighted REV-ERBα's role in the regulation of skeletal muscle oxidative capacity and mitochondrial biogenesis. Considering the similarity between the REV-ERBs and the hypothesized overlap in function, we sought to determine whether REV-ERBβ-deficiency presented with a similar skeletal muscle phenotype as REV-ERBα-deficiency...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721071/adipocyte-derived-exosomal-mir-27a-induces-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle-through-repression-of-ppar%C3%AE
#16
Yang Yu, Hongwei Du, Shengnan Wei, Linjing Feng, Junnan Li, Fan Yao, Ming Zhang, Grant M Hatch, Li Chen
The mechanism by which adipocyte-derived endocrine factors promote insulin resistance in skeletal muscle are not fully understood. MiR-27a is highly expressed in sera of obese individuals with prediabetes and T2DM, and mainly derived by adipose tissues. Thus, miR-27a secreted into circulation by adipose tissue may regulate insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. Methods: The association between miR-27a and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle was determined in obese children, high-fat diet-induced miR-27a knockdown obese mice, db/db mice and C2C12 cells overexpressing miR-27a...
2018: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717386/low-level-laser-irradiation-induces-a-transcriptional-myotube-like-profile-in-c2c12-myoblasts
#17
Juarez H Ferreira, Sarah S Cury, Ivan J Vechetti-Júnior, Geysson J Fernandez, Leonardo N Moraes, Carlos A B Alves, Paula P Freire, Carlos E A Freitas, Maeli Dal-Pai-Silva, Robson F Carvalho
Low-level laser irradiation (LLLI) has been used as a non-invasive method to improve muscular regeneration capability. However, the molecular mechanisms by which LLLI exerts these effects remain largely unknown. Here, we described global gene expression profiling analysis in C2C12 myoblasts after LLLI that identified 514 differentially expressed genes (DEG). Gene ontology and pathway analysis of the DEG revealed transcripts among categories related to cell cycle, ribosome biogenesis, response to stress, cell migration, and cell proliferation...
May 2, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716962/bruno-3-regulates-sarcomere-components-expression-and-contributes-to-muscle-phenotypes-of-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1
#18
L Picchio, V Legagneux, S Deschamps, Y Renaud, S Chauveau, L Paillard, K Jagla
Steinert disease or Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is a multisystemic disorder caused by toxic non-coding CUG repeat transcripts leading to altered levels of two RNA binding factors, MBNL1 and CELF1. The contribution of CELF1 to DM1 phenotypes is controversial. Here, we show that Drosophila CELF1 family member Bru - 3, contributes to pathogenic muscle defects observed in Drosophila model of DM1. Bru-3 displays predominantly cytoplasmic expression in muscles and its muscle-specific overexpression causes a range of phenotypes also observed in fly DM1 model including affected motility, fiber splitting, reduced myofiber length and altered myoblast fusion...
April 30, 2018: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704886/physiological-role-of-kv%C3%AE-2-akr6-in-murine-skeletal-muscle-growth-and-regulation
#19
Kalyan C Chapalamadugu, Jared Tur, Sachin L Badole, Rakesh C Kukreja, Marco Brotto, Srinivas M Tipparaju
AIM: Potassium channel accessory subunits (Kvβ) play a key role in cardiac electrical activity through ion channel modulation. In the present study we hypothesize that Kvβ2 regulates skeletal muscle growth and fiber phenotype via protein-protein interactions. METHODS: Kvβ2 knockout mouse model was used for morphometric, immunohistochemical and biochemical analysis to evaluate the role of Kvβ2 in skeletal muscle physiology. RESULTS: Deletion of Kvβ2 gene in mice (Kvβ2 knockout, KO) leads to significant decrease in body weight along with skeletal muscle size...
April 28, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694924/loss-of-tafazzin-results-in-decreased-myoblast-differentiation-in-c2c12-cells-a-myoblast-model-of-barth-syndrome-and-cardiolipin-deficiency
#20
Wenjia Lou, Christian A Reynolds, Yiran Li, Jenney Liu, Maik Hüttemann, Michael Schlame, David Stevenson, Douglas Strathdee, Miriam L Greenberg
Barth syndrome (BTHS) is an X-linked genetic disorder resulting from mutations in the tafazzin gene (TAZ), which encodes the transacylase that remodels the mitochondrial phospholipid cardiolipin (CL). While most BTHS patients exhibit pronounced skeletal myopathy, the mechanisms linking defective CL remodeling and skeletal myopathy have not been determined. In this study, we constructed a CRISPR-generated stable tafazzin knockout (TAZ-KO) C2C12 myoblast cell line. TAZ-KO cells exhibit mitochondrial deficits consistent with other models of BTHS, including accumulation of monolyso-CL (MLCL), decreased mitochondrial respiratory, and increased mitochondrial ROS production...
April 22, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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