keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

C2C12

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161332/osteoglycin-inhibition-by-microrna-mir-155-impairs-myogenesis
#1
Paula Paccielli Freire, Sarah Santiloni Cury, Grasieli de Oliveira, Geysson Javier Fernandez, Leonardo Nazario Moraes, Bruno Oliveira da Silva Duran, Juarez Henrique Ferreira, César Seigi Fuziwara, Edna Teruko Kimura, Maeli Dal-Pai-Silva, Robson Francisco Carvalho
Skeletal myogenesis is a regulated process in which mononucleated cells, the myoblasts, undergo proliferation and differentiation. Upon differentiation, the cells align with each other, and subsequently fuse to form terminally differentiated multinucleated myotubes. Previous reports have identified the protein osteoglycin (Ogn) as an important component of the skeletal muscle secretome, which is expressed differentially during muscle development. However, the posttranscriptional regulation of Ogn by microRNAs during myogenesis is unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160161/serum-from-differently-exercised-subjects-induces-myogenic-differentiation-in-lhcn-m2-human-myoblasts
#2
D Vitucci, E Imperlini, R Arcone, A Alfieri, A Canciello, L Russomando, D Martone, A Cola, G Labruna, S Orrù, D Tafuri, A Mancini, P Buono
Myogenesis is the formation of muscle tissue from muscle precursor cells. Physical exercise induces satellite cell activation in muscle. Currently, C2C12 murine myoblast cells are used to study myogenic differentiation. Herein, we evaluated whether human LHCN-M2 myoblasts can differentiate into mature myotubes and express early (myotube formation, creatine kinase activity and myogenin) and late (MyHC-β) muscle-specific markers when cultured in differentiation medium (DM) for 2, 4 and 7 days. We demonstrate that treatment of LHCN-M2 cells with DM supplemented with 0...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159225/data-on-the-effect-of-mir-15b-on-the-expression-of-insr-in-murine-c2c12-myocytes
#3
Won-Mo Yang, Kyung-Ho Min, Se-Whan Park, Wan Lee
The ectopic expression of miR-15b is linked causally to impaired insulin signaling in human HepG2 hepatocytes through the suppression of INSR (Yang et al., 2015) [1]. In this data article, we further examined the effect of miR-15b on insulin signaling in a murine skeletal muscle cells, C2C12 myocytes. Although the 3'UTR of mouse INSR mRNA has an appropriate binding site for miR-15b based on TargetScan analysis, the ectopic expression of miR-15b did not suppress the expression and insulin-stimulated phosphorylation of insulin signaling intermediates in C2C12 myocytes...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151592/diet-resistant-obesity-is-characterized-by-a-distinct-plasma-proteomic-signature-and-impaired-muscle-fiber-metabolism
#4
A B Thrush, G Antoun, M Nikpay, D A Patten, C DeVlugt, J-F Mauger, B L Beauchamp, P Lau, R Reshke, É Doucet, P Imbeault, R Boushel, D Gibbings, J Hager, A Valsesia, R Slack, O Y Al-Dirbashi, R Dent, R McPherson, M-E Harper
BACKGROUND/OBJECT: Inter-individual variability in weight loss during obesity treatment is complex and poorly understood. Here we use whole body and tissue approaches to investigate fuel oxidation characteristics in skeletal muscle fibers, cells, and distinct circulating protein biomarkers before and after a high fat meal (HFM) challenge in those who lost the most (obese diet-sensitive; ODS), vs the least (obese diet-resistant; ODR) amount of weight in a highly controlled weight management program...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144589/-sphingosine-1-phosphate-immobilized-on-nanotopographical-scaffolds-improve-myogenic-differentiation
#5
Min Suk Lee, Hee Seok Yang
The skeletal muscle consists of highly aligned dense cables of collagen fibers with nanometer feature size to support muscle fibers. The skeletal myocyte can be greatly affected to differentiate by their surrounding topographical structure. To improve myogenic differentiation, we fabricated cell culture platform that sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) which regulated myocyte behavior was immobilized on a biomimetic nanopatterned polyurethaneacrylate (PUA) substrate using 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) for providing topographical and biological cues synergistically...
November 16, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140787/tgf-%C3%AE-requires-the-activation-of-canonical-and-non-canonical-signalling-pathways-to-induce-skeletal-muscle-atrophy
#6
Johanna Ábrigo, Fabian Campos, Felipe Simon, Claudia Riedel, Daniel Cabrera, Cristian Vilos, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio
The transforming growth factor type beta (TGF-β) induces skeletal muscle atrophy characterized by a decrease in fiber's diameter and levels of myosin heavy chain (MHC), also as an increase of MuRF-1 expression. In addition, TGF-β induces muscle atrophy by a mechanism dependent on reactive oxygen species (ROS). TGF-β signals by activating both canonical Smad-dependent, and non-canonical signalling pathways such as ERK1/2, JNK1/2, and p38 MAPKs. However, the participation of canonical and non-canonical signalling pathways in the TGF-β atrophic effect on skeletal muscle is unknown...
August 28, 2017: Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130237/in-situ-forming-oxidised-hyaluronic-acid-adipic-acid-dihydrazide-hydrogel-for-prevention-of-epidural-fibrosis-after-laminectomy
#7
M H Hu, K C Yang, Y H Sun, Y C Chen, S H Yang, F H Lin
Post-operative epidural fibrosis is a biological response after laminectomy that may lead to clinical symptoms, such as radicular pain. An ideal material for prevention of epidural fibrosis should be able to inhibit fibroblast adhesions and reduce formation of scar tissue. An injectable hydrogel would be the material of choice for this purpose, since it could fill an irregular surgical defect completely, gelate in situ and be delivered in a minimally-invasive manner. The objective of this study was to evaluate, in vitro and in vivo, the cytocompatibility and anti-adhesive effect of an oxidised hyaluronic acid/adipic acid dihydrazide (oxi-HA/ADH) hydrogel...
November 13, 2017: European Cells & Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127356/a-transcriptomic-study-of-myogenic-differentiation-under-the-overexpression-of-ppar%C3%AE-by-rna-seq
#8
Kan He, Guoying Wu, Wen-Xing Li, Daogang Guan, Wenwen Lv, Mengting Gong, Shoudong Ye, Aiping Lu
To study the cellular and molecular function of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) in skeletal muscle differentiation, we have generated inducible gain-of-function to overexpress PPARγ in C2C12 myoblasts. In order to identify PPARγ targets, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was used to evaluate and quantify the transcriptomes and expression patterns during myogenic differentiation under the overexpression of PPARγ. The formation of myotubes and the expression of muscle-specific myogenic genes such as MyoD and MyoG may be inhibited by PPARγ overexpression...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120354/trans-plasma-membrane-electron-transport-and-ascorbate-efflux-by-skeletal-muscle
#9
Amanda M Eccardt, Thomas P Bell, Lyn Mattathil, Rohan Prasad, Shannon C Kelly, Jonathan S Fisher
Trans-plasma membrane electron transport (tPMET) and the antioxidant roles of ascorbate reportedly play a role in protection of cells from damage by reactive oxygen species, which have been implicated in causing metabolic dysfunction such as insulin resistance. Skeletal muscle comprises the largest whole-body organ fraction suggesting a potential role of tPMET and ascorbate export as a major source of extracellular antioxidant. We hypothesized that skeletal muscle is capable of tPMET and ascorbate efflux. To measure these processes, we assayed the ability of cultured muscle cells, satellite cells, and isolated extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus (SOL) to reduce two extracellular electron acceptors, water soluble tetrazolium salt 1 (WST-1), and dichlorophenolindophenol (DPIP)...
November 9, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119230/re-evaluation-of-protein-kinase-ck2-pleiotropy-new-insights-provided-by-a-phosphoproteomics-analysis-of-ck2-knockout-cells
#10
Cinzia Franchin, Christian Borgo, Luca Cesaro, Silvia Zaramella, Jordi Vilardell, Mauro Salvi, Giorgio Arrigoni, Lorenzo A Pinna
CK2 denotes a ubiquitous and pleiotropic protein kinase whose holoenzyme is composed of two catalytic (α and/or α') and two regulatory β subunits. The CK2 consensus sequence, S/T-x-x-D/E/pS/pT is present in numerous phosphosites, but it is not clear how many of these are really generated by CK2. To gain information about this issue, advantage has been taken of C2C12 cells entirely deprived of both CK2 catalytic subunits by the CRISPR/Cas9 methodology. A comparative SILAC phosphoproteomics analysis reveals that, although about 30% of the quantified phosphosites do conform to the CK2 consensus, only one-third of these are substantially reduced in the CK2α/α'((-/-)) cells, consistent with their generation by CK2...
November 9, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115612/isopsoralen-regulates-ppar%C3%A2-%C3%AE-wnt-to-inhibit-oxidative-stress-in-osteoporosis
#11
Jian Wang, Gang Wang, Li Gong, Guanwen Sun, Bin Shi, Huhe Bao, Yan Duan
The present study aimed to examine the effects of isopsoralen against postmenopausal osteoporosis in an ovariectomized rat model. The ovariectomized rats were treated with three days 10 mg/kg isopsoralen or with three days 20 mg/kg isopsoralen. Alkaline phosphatase, the oxidative stress indicators and caspase‑3/9 were measured using ELISA assay kits. Reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure collagen type I (Col I), osteocalcin and osteoprotegerin mRNA levels. Wnt, β‑catenin and peroxisome proliferators‑activated receptor γ (PPAR‑γ) were analyzed using western blot analysis...
November 3, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113462/simultaneous-transplantation-of-fetal-ventral-mesencephalic-tissue-and-encapsulated-genetically-modified-cells-releasing-gdnf-in-a-hemi-parkinsonian-rat-model-of-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Alberto Perez-Bouza, Stefano Di Santo, Stefanie Seiler, Morten Meyer, Lukas Andereggen, Alexander Huber, Raphael Guzman, Hans R Widmer
Transplantation of fetal ventral mesencephalic (VM) neurons for Parkinson's disease (PD) is limited by poor survival and suboptimal integration of grafted tissue into the host brain. In a 6-hydroxydopamine rat model of PD, we investigated the feasibility of simultaneous transplantation of rat fetal VM tissue and polymer-encapsulated C2C12 myoblasts genetically modified to produce glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) or mock-transfected myoblasts on graft function. Amphetamine-induced rotations were assessed prior to transplantation and 2, 4, 6 and 9 wk posttransplantation...
September 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113440/geigerin-induced-cytotoxicity-in-a-murine-myoblast-cell-line-c2c12
#13
Christo J Botha, Sarah J Clift, Gezina C H Ferreira, Mxolisi G Masango
Geigeria poisoning in sheep, locally known as 'vermeersiekte', is an economically important plant poisoning in southern Africa. The toxic principles contained by the toxic plants are believed to be several sesquiterpene lactones, such as geigerin, vermeeric acid and vermeerin, which cause striated muscle lesions in small stock. Because of ethical issues surrounding the use of live animals in toxicity studies, there is currently a dire need to establish an in vitro model that can be used to replace traditional animal experimentation...
October 31, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111387/hyperlipidemia-induced-hepassocin-in-the-liver-contributes-to-insulin-resistance-in-skeletal-muscle
#14
Tae Woo Jung, Yoon Hee Chung, Hyoung-Chun Kim, A M Abd El-Aty, Ji Hoon Jeong
Hepassocin (HPS) has recently been identified as a novel hepatokine that causes hepatic steatosis. However, the role of HPS in the development of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle under obesity remains unclear. The effect of hyperlipidemia on hepatic HPS expression was evaluated in primary hepatocytes and liver of mice. HPS-mediated signal pathways were explored using small interfering (si) RNAs of specific genes or inhibitors. We found that treatment of primary hepatocytes with palmitate could induce HPS expression through C/EBPβ-mediated transcriptional activation...
October 27, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109955/fibroblast-growth-factor-21-promotes-c2c12-cells-myogenic-differentiation-by-enhancing-cell-cycle-exit
#15
Xinyi Liu, Yongliang Wang, Shuhong Zhao, Xinyun Li
Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a secretion protein, functions as a pivotal regulator of energy metabolism and is being considered as a therapeutic candidate in metabolic syndromes. However, the roles of FGF21 in myogenic differentiation and cell cycle remain obscure. In this study, we investigated the function of FGF21 in myogenesis and cell cycle exit using C2C12 cell line. Our data showed that the expression of myogenic genes as well as cell cycle exit genes was increased after FGF21 overexpression, and FGF21 overexpression induces cell cycle arrest...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108230/apigenin-enhances-skeletal-muscle-hypertrophy-and-myoblast-differentiation-by-regulating-prmt7
#16
Young Jin Jang, Hyo Jeong Son, Yong Min Choi, Jiyun Ahn, Chang Hwa Jung, Tae Youl Ha
Apigenin, a natural flavone abundant in various plant-derived foods including parsley and celery, has been shown to prevent inflammation and inflammatory diseases. However, the effect of apigenin on skeletal muscle hypertrophy and myogenic differentiation has not previously been elucidated. Here, we investigated the effects of apigenin on quadricep muscle weight and running distance using C57BL/6 mice on an accelerating treadmill. Apigenin stimulated mRNA expression of MHC (myosin heavy chain) 1, MHC2A, and MHC2B in the quadricep muscles of these animals...
October 3, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107290/an-unbiased-silencing-screen-in-muscle-cells-identifies-mir-320a-mir-150-mir-196b-and-mir-34c-as-regulators-of-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-metabolism
#17
Dennis Dahlmans, Alexandre Houzelle, Pénélope Andreux, Johanna A Jörgensen, Xu Wang, Leon J de Windt, Patrick Schrauwen, Johan Auwerx, Joris Hoeks
OBJECTIVE: Strategies improving skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity are commonly paralleled by improvements in (metabolic) health. We and others previously identified microRNAs regulating mitochondrial oxidative capacity, but data in skeletal muscle are limited. Therefore, the present study aimed to identify novel microRNAs regulating skeletal muscle mitochondrial metabolism. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an unbiased, hypothesis-free microRNA silencing screen in C2C12 myoblasts, using >700 specific microRNA inhibitors, and investigated a broad panel of mitochondrial markers...
November 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107054/selecting-the-correct-cellular-model-for-assessing-of-the-biological-response-of-collagen-based-biomaterials
#18
Natalia Davidenko, Samir Hamaia, Daniel V Bax, Jean-Daniel Malcor, Carlos F Schuster, Donald Gullberg, Richard W Farndale, Serena M Best, Ruth E Cameron
Accurate evaluation of the biological performance of biomaterials requires the correct assessment of their native-like cell ligation properties. However, cell attachment studies often overlook the details of the substrate-cell binding mechanisms, be they integrin-mediated or non-specific, and ignore the class- and species-specificities of the cell adhesion receptor involved. In this work we have used different collagen (Col) substrates (fibrillar collagens I, II and III and network-forming Col IV), containing different affinity cell-recognition motifs, to establish the influence of the receptor identity and species-specificity on collagen-cell interactive properties...
October 26, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106990/white-light-emitting-diode-suppresses-proliferation-and-induces-apoptosis-in-hippocampal-neuron-cells-through-mitochondrial-cytochrome-c-oxydase-mediated-igf-1-and-tnf-%C3%AE-pathways
#19
Yang Yang, Yibo Zong, Qinwei Sun, Yimin Jia, Ruqian Zhao
Light emitting diode (LED) light has been tested to treat traumatic brain injury, neural degenerative diseases and psychiatric disorders. Previous studies indicate that blue LED light affects cell proliferation and apoptosis in photosensitive cells and cancer cells. In this study, we demonstrate that white LED light exposure impaired proliferation and induced apoptosis in HeLa and HT-22 hippocampal neural cells, but not C2C12 cells. Furthermore, the mechanisms underlying the effect of white LED light exposure on HT-22 cells were elucidated...
October 26, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106036/inhibition-of-mitochondrial-complex-i-improves-glucose-metabolism-independently-of-ampk-activation
#20
Wo-Lin Hou, Jun Yin, Miriayi Alimujiang, Xue-Ying Yu, Li-Gen Ai, Yu-Qian Bao, Fang Liu, Wei-Ping Jia
Accumulating evidences showed metformin and berberine, well-known glucose-lowering agents, were able to inhibit mitochondrial electron transport chain at complex I. In this study, we aimed to explore the antihyperglycaemic effect of complex I inhibition. Rotenone, amobarbital and gene silence of NDUFA13 were used to inhibit complex I. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test and insulin tolerance test were performed in db/db mice. Lactate release and glucose consumption were measured to investigate glucose metabolism in HepG2 hepatocytes and C2C12 myotubes...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
keyword
keyword
22712
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"